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Full text of "Penman's Art Journal and Penman's Gazette"

Published Monthly 
oadway, N. Y.. for $1 per Year, 



PENMAN'S GAZETTE, 



ered ai the Post Office of New Y 
N, Y , as Second-Class Mad Matter, 
Copyright, 1889. by D. T. AMES. 



NEW YORK, JANUARY, 1890. 



V..L. XIV- No. 1 



Pen Strokes that Count. 



A ■ 



«rly > 



ilrd «r a 
n Their 



inillluu DoIIarrt Dcpendn 
.tiilliciillclly. 

I From the iwten of the Editor of The Jour- 

tifil, titWn in iitt^-ndnnce at the truil as a 

irifiifUHjor tfie Slate.] 

The late trial of J. Frank CoIIora for 
fi»r<rery at Minneapolis, which ended in a 
liisiigreement of the 
jury, will justly rank ^ 

among the celebrati'd 
criminal trials of this 
country. The amount 
involved in a series of 
alleged forgeries, of 
which this was one, 
aggregates little short 
of $300,000. This and ^ 

the high position Mr. 
CoUom had previously 
occupied in the com- 
munity, both in social 
and business circles, 
added to the tremen- 
dous interests at stake 
by the banks and 
other parties who are 
holders of the paper 
in question, made the 
trial one of most sen- 
sational interest. 

Briefly told the story 
of the alleged crime is 
as follows; 

Mr. John T. Blais- 
dcll, one of the old 
pioneers of the city of 
MinneapolLs, who has 
amassed a great for- 
time in real estate in 
that city, had formerly 
employed Mr. Collora 
as confideutial attor- 
ney. In that capacity 
the latter had abund- 
ant opportunities to 
familiarize himself 
with the details of Mr. 
Bliuadell's business 
and was most implicit- 
ly trusted by the mill- 
ionaire, as well as by 
the business commun- 
ity at large. 

At ditlerent linn's 
during the past few 
years Mr. Blatsdell 
accommodated M r . 
Coltoni by indorsing 
nnles amounting in all 
to some ten or fifteen 
thousand dollars. 
Meeting one day an 
officer of a bank with 
which he had deal- 
ings, Mr. Blaisdell 

was asked how much ;^ — ■ - 

Ciillom paper he had 
nut. lie replied that the amount was less 
than $1.1.000, and was astonished to hear 
that thai bank alone held paper tarirely in 
i-\riss of thai -xum. Of course an investi- 
gation wa.s at once set on foot and it was 
found that notes aggregating $283,000. 



signed by Mr. Collom individually and in- 
dorsed by Mr. Blaisdell, were held by vari- 
ous banks and individuals. 

Mr. Blaisdell was astounded at these 
developments. Prof. C. C. ('urtiss, of the 
Miuncapolis Business College, was called 
in as an expert and without hesita- 
tion pronounced the signatures forgeries. 
Circumslanccs pointed directly to Collom 



broke down completely, confessing that it 
was all forged and that he had forged it. 

This confession was given with detail as 
to the manner and extent of the crime. 
With many tears and much show of peni- 
tence the guilty niao signified at the time 
his perfect readiness to be taken to the peni- 
tentiary to suffer for bis crime. 

The confession was testified to at the 




CbarloHe. S. C. {Pbulo-KnfjravedA 



j as the forger. A meeting resulted in which 
gentlemen representing Mr. Blaisdell and 
others repn'senting a bank holding a large 
amount of the disputed paper were brought 

I in conference with Mr. Collom. When he 
was interrogated respecting the paper he 



trial m detail by witnesses of the highest 
standinjr, and was not controverted by the 
defentt'' in the sliglitest particular. To 
break it.s force the defense contended that 
this confession, which Collom admitted 
having made, was from the beginning to 



the end a patch-work of lies, woven at the 
suggestion of Mr. W. B. Anderson, Mr. 
Blaisdell's son-in-law, in order to protect 
Mr. Blaisdell by forcing the holdere of the 
paper to compromise their indebtedness at a 
ruinous discount. The very nature of this 
explanation, of course, involved the crime 
of conspiracy to defraud his creditors, to 
say nothing of the moral perjury involved 
in the making of the 
"~ original confession it- 
self, and even in the 
best light could only 
reflect dishonor on the 
accused. 

As a supplement to 
this remarkable after- 
statement the presence 
of Mr. Blaisdell's name 
on so much of Mr. 
Collom's paper was ex- 
plained as a mere 
matter of accommoda- 
tion, the claim being 
made that Mr. Blais- 
dell was in the habit 
of indorsing notes at 
Mr. Collom's call and 
even in blank, leaving 
Mr. Collom to fill them 
in to suit the emergen- 
cies of his business. 

The paper in ques- 
tion was distributed 
among most of the 
banks and money- 
lenders of Minneapo- 
lis, thus arraying the 
most powerful finan- 
cial and even social 
interests of the com- 
munity in behalf of 
the accused. His con- 
viction of the cnme 
would of course mean 
no more nor less than 
that the holders ot the 
paper would loss it, 
while the establish- 
ment of his innocence 
would virtually stamp 
a seal of genuineness 
on the paper and make 
it collectable. The 
banks, t herefore, 
backed by their enor- 
mous direct and col- 
lateral relations, were 
directly interested to 
the extent of tens of 
thoucaods of dollars, 
and the outcome of 
this was a ilerculcan 
endeavor not only to 
destroy the terrible in- 
criminating effect of 
Mr. Collom's volun- 
— tary confession, but to 
neutralize the strong 
expert testimony presented against the 
genuineness of the signatures and at least 
to make the gcnuinenesj* of Ihe paper a 
matter of doid)t. Four of the shrewdest 
lawyers that could W found to undertake 
the conduct of the defense were employed. 



On ttie Btund Mr. Blaisdcll of course 
(Iftnifd hiiving written the signature on 
whic-li the indiciment was basefl. His ?on- 
in )iiw, Mr. Andcnion, denounced hh fulse 
in every iiiirticiilar the explanation of Mr. 
{•oll-m. in which he alleged that his firat 
confe9.«ion wati a tissue of falsehoods for 
the furtherance of « pliui sugptested by 
Mr. Anderson. Kour experienced hand- 
writing experts and five bank cashiers 
)ironounccd the quentioned signaturcM to 
Ik- forgeries. The experts were W. E. 
Hugiiii. Troy, N. Y. ; Dr. II. L. Tollman, 
Chicago; Prof. C C Curtis, Minneapo- 
lis, Minn. ; and the writer. Against 
thi» mass of poaitiv« teatimouy w ere 
five alleged experta and seven bank 
officers (nil but two of the latter 
personally interested in the paper in dis- 
pute) who declared the signature genu- 
iiH:. The trial Iflsted over four weeks and 
n->iullL-d, as has been stated, in a disagrec- 
mcr.t. Kcmarkable as thin seems under 
the circ!imHt«nccs, outsiders can little ap- 
preciate the tremendous pressure that was 
exerted by the enormous interests directly 
affected by the result. This indictment 
was for the forging of a single signature, 
and upon purely technical grounds consid- 
eration of other disputed signatures wa» 
excluded from the ease. There 'arc still 
pending ninny indictments for forging and 
for uttering. Under the hitti-r heading 
the scope of the prosecution will be 
grejitly enlarged as to the privilege of in- 
troducing various simulated signatures 
and in other material respects. With 
this advantage facts easily provable, 
but which were excluded from con- 
sideration in the former trial, will un- 
doubtedly be presented to the jury, and 
in spite of the enormous interests that are 
depending upon the acquittal of the ac- 
cused the State's attorneys are confident of 
a verdict in accordance with the evidence. 

THE KXPKltT KND OF IT. 

li is, of course, the expert part of the 
ciLsc in which we are mainlv interested. 
Wi- present herewith a number of illus- 
initioHK which will be more specifically 
r.riTifd to in the course of this article, 
and which in some degree illustrate the 
chief points which led the experts for the 
State to thi-ir conclusion that the Mgoa- 
tiiri- in question was forged. In examin- 
ing these cuts it must be taken into con- 
sideration that they do not nicely repre- 
scut the tine points which may be seen 
ill the signature itself,- still in a general 
way the comparison instituted will per- 
hu[)s be sufficiently intelligible to mii' 

(iroup No, 1 represents three ad- 
mittedly genuine signatures of Mr. Blais- 
<U-II. It will be noticed that the down 
strokes are uniformly broad, shaded lines. 
While they indicnte ii haiul that is heavy 
and un|)raplice(l. tl'.ey are fairly uniform 
and consistent with each lUher and arc lu 
nil essential respects a harmonious family 
fir.Mip. 

Group No. S represents three of the al- 
leged forged signatures. Compare the 
down lines in these with those in group 
one. It will be noticed that in this group, 
unlike the others, there is no uniformity 
of shade whatever, some being very bioad, 
while others arc narrow and light. In 
this respect, therefore, they are patently 
inconsistent and inhamiouious as between 
themselves, also when compared as a fam- 
ily gi-oup they do not at all fraternize with 
group one. Note the hard terminal lines 
as compared with those in group one. 
Note the light, wavy lines in the find 
stroke on the fi's and //'s in group two as 
(■r>rapared with the heavy, firm corres- 
ponding line.s in group one. Also the staffs 
of the d's in group one, which are single 
shaded stn>kes, while in the other (as is 
more [mrlicularly apparent upon examina- 
tion with a glass); ihey consist of light 
interlacing up-and-down lines, while the 
lippai-ent shading is merely a flowing over 
of iuk between these Ud(S. 



The first signature of group three is a 
copy of the alleged forged signature which 
was the basis of the late trial. The five 
following are copies Of genuine signa- 
turt^^ of Mr. Blaisdell used for comparison 
by witnesses for the State. It was the 



average signature. As a matter of fact 
this is the case, but it does not follow that 
a Iraciup would preserve the quality of 
the line, shading and many of the more 
delicate characteristics of the genuine 
signature, and it was upon most patent 






■]■}••■ Ahnvp arc AdmUfedhj 






I IT Ath-v,! h\, 



The Above is fkc Alleged Fonj^d Signature on which the Lute Trial was hn: 



The Pint and Last Si^matHres m Group Four are (lenuine, and were f'scd by thir Defense 
us Standards to I'rove thn Otrnuineness of the Middle aifjnaturp, whu-h is the Alleued 
Foraery. Obviously the Two Genuine Hiffnntiireit are Exceptionally Bad, being the Most 
Kxaggcrated of Owr Two Hwutred from which ihey were Selected. 



opinion of these experts that 
the alleged forged signature was made by 
tracing it over a genuine signature, hence 
in its general appearance as to length, 
slant, 'spacing and outlineof letters it would 
necessarily conform to Mr. Blalsdell's 



discrepancies in these respects that the 
experts reached the conclusion beyond 
any sort of doubt that these signatures 

As we have said, it is difticult to de- 
velop these points nicely by comparison of 



cuts, as of course the quality of line can- 
not be jjroduced to represent nicely the 
effect in the original signature. If the 
reader will take a piece of glass, place 
upon it a signature written o ; ordinary 
non-transparent writing-paper and over this 
another piece of paper of the same quality 
and hold it up in front of a light, he will 
have no difficulty in seeing the general 
outline of the signature, and by taking pen 
or pencil can duplicate that signature pre- 
cisely as to general direction and outline. 
Two thicknesses of paper, however, will 
prevent even by the use of the strongest 
light the detection of all the little peculiar- 
ities of waver or tremor and the minute 
changes of direction that invariably occur, 
especially in such signatures as these in 
question; nor can he with any degree of 
accuracy simulate the quality of line which 
is an individual characteristic of every 
writer, Mr. Blaisdell's signatures are con- 
spicuous for a certain tremor, as will be seen 
by reference to any of them here presented. 
The artful fcrger therefore in simulating 
these signatures would not fail to try to 
simulate the frequent minor changes of di- 
rection which this tremor produces. As 
they are too minute and delicate to be 
simulated by tracing, he must rely on his 
own ingenuity to put them in so as to re- 
semble the genuine. Now, it is in these 
precise particulars that the strongest points 
were made by the ex|)erts for the State. 
For instance, in the forged signature to 
which we have referred are noted eighty- 
seven distinct changes of direction or 
tremors. In the five genuine signatures 
that follow the changes of direction are 
twenty in the first, twenty-five in the 
second, fourteen in the third, thirty in the 
fourth and twenty-five in the fifth, making 
an average of 22|. Very decidedly then 
thn forger overdid this matter of tremor. 
There is also to the expert's practiced eye 
just as wide a difference between the genu- 
ine and the spurious in the pictorial effect 
and in the qualitv of line before noted. 

The first and last signatures in group 
four are gen line sit;n:iliir(s ^rlr, i.,| by 
the defense as staii(l;iiil- lut rniii|.;irisoii 
with the middle si-naiun , ^inrii is the 
alleged forgery. TUu-u :\.\u Ibu uurst- 
written standards selected from more than 
three hundred of Mr. Blaidsdell's sig- 
natures. They were written under ab- 
normal circumstances and represent the 
greatest possible exaggerations of Mr. 
Blaisdell's muscular infirmities of fingers 
and band, which impart the more or less 
angularity of line to his writing which we 
have noted, The casual observer might 
be deceived by the claim of the defense 
that the producer of signatures varying to 
such an extent as these might have written 
the particular signature on which the 
prosecution hinged; but to the expert 
such a claim is preposterous. While these 
two signatures are certainly abnormal, a 
critical analysis and comparison firmly 
establishes the fact that they simply cm- 
body great exaggerations of the writer's 
lieculiarities. There is nothing in them 
ii:consistent with these peculiarities either 
as to direction, slant, tremor or quality of 
line. They differ from Mr, Blaisdell's 
average normal signature just as men's 
expressions of countenance change under 
the sway of different emotions and phys- 
ical conditions, but this change does not 
shut out the individuality or destroy the 
likeness. In fact, no expert worthy of the 
name after an examination could fail to 
identify these as the products of the same 
hand that wrote the other genuine sig- 
natures given, while the middle signature, 
notwithstanding its superficial reseni- 
bliince to the genuine signature, caused 
by tracing, is in its finer points at absolute 
variance with the genuine writing in the 
particulars which we have enumerated 
above, and could not have been produced 
by the same hand under the same circum- 

A new trial is expected to be called in 
the course of a few weeks and doubtless 
the developments will be of great in- 
terest. 



Lessons in Practical Writing.- 
No. 8. 



[ These hmmnsy }ty one of the mont 2»"P"l'tr 
and gitfceMfvl Public Schools WHting 
Superint,endentn in Amcrira, will cover 
fffry detail of teaching prtirtical penman- 
ship in the public schools. While poasess- 
ing great value for the general student, 
thfy are ahsolntely invaltuthle t^o the ptdi- 
lir school trriting tf'irhrr,.forming asthery 
do an accurate and thorough guid* ta tlir 
details of his work, step hy step, through 
nil the grades. The Usnons were Iteffuri in 
Thb Jovnv ai. for Ap7'il, from which time 
suhscripti^m may be dated if dcMTcd. 
Single hack numbers, 10 cents each. — 
Ed. JounNAi.. 

We have chosen only « few representa- 
tive exercises to illustrate that feature of 
our plan set forth in this and the preced- 
ing number of the The Jouknal. These, 
together with those embodied in the 
November lesson, constitute the substance 
of the second year's work. The first 
year's work wa? outlined, it will be re- 
membered, in the September issue. It 
will be observed that the sliding feature is 
still retained, and also that most of the 
exorcises are so arranged as to admit of 
the lateral -movement preparation. Even 
when treating letters which cannot ad- 
vantageously be preceded by a "slide," as 
in the ease of the T, F iwd P, the final 
slide is retained. Were it not for the 
consciousness of this coming slide, irhich 
can only be properly made with the hand 
standing, that the time allowed for the 
execution of the complete exercise is not 
sufficient to permit the pupil to drop his 
wrist when forming the letters, and to lift 
it igain to make the slide, and to finish on 
time, his wrist and hand would fall against 
his paper and the letters be drawn in the 
old painlul manner too familiar to our 
readers to need comment. We do not 
diein it expedient to withdraw these pre- 
vetilives until the time has arrived when 
|iu|iils nrc i)repared, both mentally and 
physiciilly, lo Uikc up the muscular-move- 
nieiit exercises. These we introduce at 
the beginning of the third year. These, 
too, are executed in a manner and with a 



the relation of the modified to the true 
form or of the p-trts written to those 
omitted, and that the writing of each is a 
necessary preparation for the ultimate ex- 
ecution of the full-grown letter 

Number 3 embodies two sepaiatc exer- 
cises, each of which when written alone 
extends acrosa two columns, with initial 



The object of the dotted lines in exer- 
cises 1. 3, 5, 7 and 9 is too apparent to 
need explanation. 

The /I, C'and J?niav be treated as the 
T, F and P with final slide only after 
pupils become moru experienced and 
skillful, yet in reality these require a 
semi '* muscular '* movement for their 



Exercises in Connection with Prof. Hoff's Lesson. 




and terminal slides, each of wliicli has 
an approximate length etjual tc the width 
of one column (1^ inches). 

Exercises 5, 7 and 9 each embody 
three distinct exercises, the latter two of 
which when written alone have a length 
equal to the width of two columns. In 
each of the above-mentioned exercises the 
preparatory lateral movements preceding 
the initial slide are identical with those 
already described in the September nuu.- 
ber, under the sub-head "Key to Count- 
ing," the object of which is therein set 
forth. 

In exercise 5 the small / is placed before 
the / and the E to prevent widening their 



execution. The S, L, Q, B and R are 
better treated between slides. 

When first practicing the 7", i''orPthe 
jmpil simply borniws the .stem of small t 
already learned ; later this is changed to a 
slight compound curve. Does any one 
pretend that this will prevent his making 
the complete stem later on ? 

SOUNDING, COtrNTINO AND DICTATION. 

Before proceeding further please re-read 
that portion of the September number re- 
ferring to time and rounting or dictativu 
The nature of the counting for the present 
series will thus be better understood, also 
to that portion of the same number 



ducing a distinct and penetrating, though 
not an irrilatinij, sound. These posing- 
boards are found in rccry room. The 
sound thus produced proportions the time 
for each stroke with a nicetv of jjrecisinn 
which can be ctpialed in no other way 
known to the writer. The more rapid or 
deliberate the rate of motion the more dis- 
tinct or subdued the sound produced. It 
simply carries the sound, and is the same 
incentive to united action as the sound of 
the tread of well-trained feet when march- 
ing. Then, too, it relieves the teacher, to 
11 great extent, of the verbal counting, 
which becomes very tiresome before the 

The nature of the motion preparatory 
tfi the writing of the A or E corresponds 
to that of the initial curves, as indicated 
by the dotted lines. For T, Fand Pih-- 
pen is carried from the top to base and to 
the right twice before touching the pcu 
to the paper, in a direction and with a 
speed corresponding exactly to that neces- 
sary for the execution of the stem and the 
slide; then without breaking the rythra of 
motion the exercise is written. 

The signals or count for the capitals A. 
E, T, For P are the same whether written 
separately or as the initial letter of a 

Before writing exercises 2, 4, (i, 8 or 
10 the hand is carried across the three 
columns to be occupied by the exercise to 
make sure that the way is clear. 

KEY TO THE COITNTINO, OK THE SIGNALS. 

You cannot fully understand the count- 
ing or signals without first re-reading the 
" Key to the Counting " in the September 
number. 

The length of time given to each pre- 
paratory motion slide or letter stroke will 
be indicated by the hyphens which sepa- 
rate the letters in the printed signals. 

Exercise One, First Arrangement.— 
Count : " S-w-in-g, s-w-i-n-g, s\ving, 
rcjidy, sl-i-de, one" (spoken quickly), 
"tw-o, thr-ee. f-o-u-rrr, sl-ide." Second 
arrangement is the same, except that it re- 
quires two counts less. 

Exercise Two. — In writing exercise 2 
the D receives the same treatment as in 
exercise 1, after which a separate prepara- 
tion must he made before beginniue the 
small letters. 

E-vercise Three.— Count : "S-w-i-n-g, 
s-w-i-n-g, awing, ready sl-i-de, one, two, 
three, sl-i-de, one " (Tuickly), " two 
three " (quickly), " four " (quickly), "five, 
sl-i-do." 

Exercise Pour.— Count : *' S-w-i-n-g" 
(across three columns and back), "one, 
two " (preparation for A), " three, four, 
five, sl-i-dc, i, in, e, d, sl-i-de, dot." 

Exercise Six. — Count : "S-w-i-n-g, 
ready, one, tvvo" (preparation), "E, 1, 
m, e, r, sl-i-de." 

Exercise Eight. -Count: " 8-w-i-n-g, 
stem, down, sw-i-ng, again, d<»wn, sw-i-ng 



WiJ^J a r? c:^ C^^'rr' i^ C^J> ^^ 



T+iy^-f t Trfr '^:^ 





/^ /^ 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 



^^IZ^^^Z 



£ 



standard Huitinesit CapiialH. [Photo-engTaved from Copy Executed in the Office o/Tbe Journal.) 



speed which forces the hand to remain 

As stated in preceding ninnbers, when 
taking up new letters pupils are permitted 
to draw the full-grown standard letter a 
few limes before attempting to write it, 
for the purpose of ntoring his intimory with 
virutal copies of the true form, tlien the 
mndifrd form of the letter or parts of the 
true form are written between slides to 
prevent the hand from fallingduring their 
ex..tution. In all cases the pupil is taught 



tops. The oblique line tells pupils that it 
IS no part of the letter. The l is as- 
sociated with the .ff as a stepping-stone. 
The pupil finds it easier to regard the E 
m a fat I with a loop in its left side. 
When written between the ?'s it is easily 
widened by simply making the lower turn 
of the first wider. The i is placed befoie 
the ,v", /, and G for similar reasons. 
Pupils are instructed to begin the loops of 
the last-named group us if beginning 
small I. 



found under the sub-head Key to the 



In addition to counting for the swings, 
whirls, slides and strokes when writing 
the isobitcil lellt-rs, or naming the lettere 

lis till \ ,11' li.irrj <nuibined into words, 

"" '■ " '" I i '-'icb stroke upon the 

I"' ' I 1.1 swinging-board by 



write, down, sl-i-de, a, r, m, e, r, sl-i dc, 
cap, one " (preparation), "two, th-r-e-o, 

Exercise Ten. — Count : "S-w-i-n-g, 
stem, down, sw-i-ng, again, down, sw-i-ng, 
write, down, sl-i-de, a, i, n, t, e. r, s, 
sl-i-de, around " (around stem), " one, 
two, three, dot, cross." 

In writing exercises such as No. 6 we 
first write in column six, then five, four, 
three, two and one, in order that the slide 
may not interfere with the execution of 
the tetters. 



AH I eiOl IJNAI. 



EDUCATIONAL NOTES. 

:onlrihnll..n« f..r tht» D*-|..irtm«-rit may \ 
inwMf-l to II !•■- Kei.i.ky. orBtT of Tub Pki 
N'BAiiTJuL-it.fAi,. Urit'f Hiicutioiialllen 



Harvard la earlier yeerw produced more 
wrilcm of ability than all other Amprican col- 



Mrs, (.'ntherine Bruce, of New York, has 
r»cenMy civen t-IO.OOO to Harvard Observa- 
tory, to he applied to the conrtniction of a 
photosrnpliic telescope, 

Tlic coiirtittition of the new State of Wyo- 
inloK makcH provision for " free elementary 
itcboniK of fivery kind and grade, a university 
and mich nthor 



r- hiivc jiarochial schools 
III iiiili]<itria) teaching to 
I'M (I JH a rule strictly 
I I .iiiiiiitt«d that does 

I I -I -ity in Washington 
MH^n ilnriiig the year at 

oil II iK>]>ular topic, to 
" fni' to everj'body by 

li < ail Ik> obtained with- 



Aiid ut meals the festive school-boy 
Ifsunlly jirefers to stand. 

— at. Joseph News. 
Professor Rodder: "Can you tell rae any- 

t,hinu'il"iiil 111,. Urilminnsf' 
8iimii l-\ ■ V. -.-II Tlie Atlantic." 
It \wi ,'.... hii I .\ who aurprised his 
teaclii- I" '!■ i III I iliiy by nis inter- 
do n<)t 111 i-i 11 I Ill' read slowly and 

luihesilnl uiK'ly : " ThoiL' is a warm doughnut; 

Little School-boy: "Mamma, you said if 
I'd Ijring you a reward of merit, you'd give me 



___ vknif 
Mamma: " Yes, my pet." 



; I traded mv old knife for it.'' 
Brown; '■ Yiiiir ti'in'lu'rcan't besuch a 

allthr^..'"' ■"'' '.:. ,.'■ .l.u'Il'.-,-<i." 

Liltli .1 I . \^ I, .i;.,l. those art 



Class (in chorus): *' Yellow !"—A'eif Vork 
A lillleboy in a Camden school received his 



■ Now," said the teacher, " you can tell your 



indignuntly replied the loyal little fellow; 



Holy (ihost is a comforter.'"— />f/i 

Teneher: " Whot is meant by the expresioa 
' mother tongue /'" 

Boy: "It means that the old luuu don't have 
much losiiy about the house." 

" Johnnie, what did the angel say to Abou 
Ben Adliein ( " 

•' Peekaliou." 

" H*m, and what did Ben Adhem say ( " 

" That he Adhem again." 

"Johnnie, what's your father's name f " 

" Murk Twain Burdette." 

.\nd then the teacher mideretood. 



J (INT POlt PUN. 

Figures will not lie, but the female figure 
will tool a mau once in a while. 

The stove-pip© humorist now finds a soot- 
ablo subject.— mis/i in p(on Capital. 

The orderly mother, with a walking baby in 
the bouse, Ims a place for everything- and the 
baby knows where it i&SomerviUe Jon 



modi' tlionrk liffhtr 



lien -fence. — 
Fauntleroy, 
'i"s growing 

■ III".; he lost 

Mill.- clock 
HIM piece to 



wtmtov.i- ins iiiiul name niHv l«>— alwut 10.3J 
p.ni., uvery ramily in which there Is a court- 
/i l*^ '''}"K''""' "■''' purchase one. - Non-islotim 
I.andlonl : " There's only one thing against 
the hou.*-. The railroad is directly at the rear 
iind the enginra screech nil night. *' 



have here a work " 

Ma£l«r of the house : " I can't read." 

Canvasser : " But vour children " 

Master of the house : " I have no chddren 

(tnumpbantly). Nothing but a cat." 
Canvasser : " Well you want something to 

throw at tlie cat." 



I Ihe Scliool-Bo 



work and teaching. I think 1 gt — — . 

its costa year from it in new ideas." — ^L. Det- 
wiler. Teacher of Drawing and Writing in the 
Public Schools of Hillsboro, Ohio. 

"The Journal has been the means of se- 
curing for rae a position as special writing- 
teacher in the Logan public school. Ko far I 
have had highly gratifying success and The 
JocRNAL must accept all the credit."— F. O. 
Putnam, Logan, Iowa. 



Do the HIeIi Schools Tenth Shorl- 
Hand t 

Mr. W. A. Moulder, of the Atlrian Col- 
lege, Adrian, Mich., calls The Journal's 
attention to the following statement in an 
article by John Robertson recently pub- 
lished in the Phonographic World, and re- 
produced in last month's Journal: 

" At the present time a large percentage 
of our high schools of the country have 
added short-hand as a part of their cuiric- 

Mr. Moulder doubts the accuracy of 
this statement aud calls for proof. His 
obaervatiim has been that Dot one in fiftj 
of our high schools teach short-hand. 



Sfiotl'-fiavtb ^cpat^^nnyil 

All matter intfndfd for thu department 
(indudinff ghort-hand exchanges) should be 
gent to Mrs. L. B. Parl-ard, 101 East %M 
street, Neiti YorJe. 



We Irequeotly have letters asking if the 
short-hand department of The Journal 
will be continued. The reply has been 
that so long as there was evidence of a 
vigorous demand for this feature it would 
be kept up. Many of The Jochnal'b 
friends have also written from time to 
time suggesting that this department be 
made more comprehensive as to "sys- 
tems " represented. 

'"The greatest good to the greatest 

: Journ 
subscriber who is interested 
pnrtment and to every one who is inter- 
ested in short -hand of any system to send 
name and address at once, with any sug- 
gestions as to the continuance or modifica- 
tions of its short-hand features. The re- 
plies to this appeal should determine what 
proportion of The Journal's subscribers 
take the paper for its short-hand depart- 
ment and will doubtless influence the 
future of this department. If you are in- 
terested write at once. 



Individuality in Type-Writing. 



The St. Louis Olohe-Daiioerot says: 
The use of the type- writer does not baffle the 
writing expert. Men and women who use 
type-writers show nearly as much individuality 



a very difficult matter to shut them 
out. These ore most iirouounced in 
the opening and closing portions, but 
by no means confined to them. No 
matter how original a person's mind 
he will find difficulty in inventing 
fresh combinations of words to express 
certain conditions that recur with great 
frequency in every business. In a word, 
the most fluent dictators have certain stock 
expressions which they "syndicate" more 
or less to rorre8|K>ndenta at different points. 
They could not do otherwise without cir- 
cumlocution and labored effect, so that the 
use of certain words and word combina- 
tions becomes to them a second nature. It 
would be almost as difficult for a person 
in the habit of dictating corresjrondence 
to dictate a letter in simulation of any 
other person's dictated letter — one that 
would stand critical tests — as it would to 
successfully simulate a page of the other 



Wanted— a Type-Writer 



"f «m always the one that gets left." 
complained a rapid and correct operator to 
a reporter for the Kei'^ York Tribiuie. " I 
went early this morning to answer an ad- 
vertisement for a type-writer, and thought 
I should be the first one in the office, but 
the advertiser told me he was already 
suited." 

" Possibly he told jou a story," thought 
her heirer, glancing at the disappointed 
girl — a girl with a turkey egg complexion 
ana hair that would set unkind persons to 
speaking of white horses; a girl with 
half her teeth gone and the remaining 
half discolored; a girl with .square shoiil- 



r^^^^^i^s^^^s 



jfsfandsaKkhc^j 





\^'.G.6rt"XFr-F.F, -•- ^^ 

■MERAlVcENT FOR THEj^ ^^ 




iTiTfTiTiTrTiTt TtTiTiTiT iTiTiTtTiTtTiMiTiTJir^^) 

T^D SCHOOL 




y EXPENS&3 iow^ _ _ 

J)lT^TIOHS ISROCV/I^S^forXll pupils -when comfstent. 



stic De>n'yv f >r Letter-Heading {Also for Bitsinean Card when Reduced) Made in THE JOURNAL Office for Chaffee^s Short-Hand Insti- 
tute, Oswego, N. V. It is Piegented here ns an UlMtration of the Delicate and Artistic Effect of the New Dii-ect or Half-Tone 
Process of Engraving 



We have no special information on this 
point, but rather incline to Mr. Moulder's 
view. Perhaps Mr. Robertson will en- 
lighten us. Meanwhile how many of The 
Journal's readers know of high schools 
in which short-hand is taught ? 

CiiiUd on the Beelnter. 

One evening a man. tall and spare, sur- 
rounded by a country atmosphere, cautiously 
approached the desk at Willard's Hotel nn>i 

sitatingly .i^id that he wanted 



" Sign your uame, please." was the reply. 
'Il'vegotalady with me. It's my wife— 
the faltering re- 



ve've just got married, 
nark of the visitor. 

" Then write both your names on the regis- 
er," was the advice given. 

An inspection a moment later revealed the 
ollowing entry: 

"Miss Jennie&ine," 



We have heard much i 



of Professor 
-'oiupany, of 



■ short>band book, whi 
tised by the Buri-ows Bros. ( 
Cleveland. The work is said to be a marvel of 
simple arrangement, and this is the pnme 
requisite for the bom© learner. It is a well- 
made attractive looking book, and like its 
author's other works, %vill undoubtedly reach 



"luitonsville, Md., the i 



John Watson. C 

knowu short-baud 

whereby each purchaser of the 



r and ttacher, has a 



text-book of his system joins a 



!i their work as they would do if they used i 



ignorance of punctuation, or the profuse use of 
punctuation marks, a wide or narrow margin 
peculiarity in capi 



around the writing, s 



talizing— all these things carry meaning to tae 
expert examining type-written copy. 

Any person at all familiar with the 
work of two or more amanuenses will 
not question the soundness of the above 
claim. While obviously not so pro- 
nounced as pen peculiarities, the type- 
written letter in nine cases out of ten 
beHifl internal evidence sufficient to es- 
tabHsh the identity of the amanuensis who 
wrote it. Points ol difference will crop 
out even in the work of pupils at the 
same school, where certain rigid rules are 
laid down for the guidance of all. These 
points are strongly developed in the 
method of arranging date line, address, 
complimentary closing and signature, 
when that is put in by the machine. In 
fact, the amanuensis is not entirely a 
machine, and individuality is sure" to 
Jissert itself in one way or another. 

It is also true that Lot only may the 
operator be traced by the peculiarities of 
the letter's structure, &c., but the person 
who dictated the letter may easily be de- 
tected by one entirely unacquainted with 
him with the aid of standards for com- 
parison. With most i>er8ons who dictate 
a considerable corr*«pondence certain 
stereotyped expressions -will formulate 
themselves, as it were, flnd it is 



ders and the voice of a file. How was the 
advertiser to know that here was a type- 
writer who would identify herself with 
her employer, and attend conscientiously 
to all her office duties ? How was he to 
know that " in a book of moral beauty she 
might have her portrait painted at full 
length?" 

" I am always the one who is taken," 
observed another girl, one "stylish" 
enough to pass for being pretty, and one 
who, in the language of the bread-winner, 
could always speak up for herself. "I 
leave a place directly I find that things 
there are not going to suit me, because I 
know I can step into another within a 
week. I am not such an awfully fast 
writer either. I can, on a spurt, go as 
high as eighty words a minute, but usually 
I write about fifty — that's enough, dear 
knows ! No, I don't work steadily all the 
time I am in the office. Sometimes I 
carry on half the day with the other girls, 
the girls who are addressing circulars by 
hand. My present boss — well, employer, 
then— sends out just 1,000,000 circulars 
every winter, and that keeps a lot of girls 
busy for a few months. They arc awfully 
envious of me, some of them, because my 
place is a permanent one, while they will 
have the grand bounce as soon as the 
circulars are all sent out, and besides my 
working hours are shorter than theirs, 
and I earn just twice as much as most of 
them do. One of the ^rls — she isn't a 
girl, either, but an old woman, thirty-five 
at least — tried my type-writer at recess 
the other day and it seemed to do her so 
j»juch good to show me how much neater 



her work was than mine— as if it matters 
a pin about the lettere being all on a line 
uud the spaces of the same width. It 
Heems to surprise her that she can- 
not get a place as type-writer, as 
she has a certificate from somewhere 
to show that she is competent. I don't 
tell her so. but she is too old, for one 
thing: hardly anybody would employ a 
type-writer over thirty. Why should that 
be the dead-line ? Well, I suppose it 
is because women are set in their ways 
after they are out of their twenties and 
think they know it all. The girl — I mean 
the old maid — I am speaking of had a 
place some time back, and she told it her- 
self that sometimes, when her employer 
would be dictating to her, she would 
stop him and tell him how the let- 
ter could be better worded. Did 
you ever hear of such cheek ? Why, 
jf mv b — employer said nothing 
but ' High-diddle-diddle,' I'd take it 
down just as he said it. It's my 
fingers he wants, not my brains— 9U|)- 
posing I had any. One day this pcrsgn I 
am talking about heard me scolded be- 
cause I had written to a customer that we 
had no more goods of a certain kind, and 
in a hurry had spelled «o, k-n-o-ir, just like 
the other hnoip. She was delighte.l at 
catching me in the mistake, and didn't 
let me hear the last of it until I said- 
' Well, madam, I n-o know how to get a 
place as type-writer, and earn $12 a week, 
while you earn only $5 with your poky 
addressing.' It is silly, isn't it, to laugh 
at a girl because, when she is rushing 
through with her work, she doesn't al- 
ways spell like Daniel Webster. Noah, 
was it ? I thought his name was Daniel. 

*' At the type-writing school they used to 
tell me that my ignorance of punctuation 
would keep me back, but I am not both- 
ered much about such matters ; if I sprinkle 
a few commas here and there as I go along 
my employer seems to be satisfied. I have 
heard stories of dreadful consequences 
from misplacing one's stops, but I don't 
let them trouble me, being convinced they 
are all my grandmother. Leaving out a 
comma is very different from leaving out 
a ' not.' I have done that more than once 
and it has got me into hot water. Capitals 
are the trouble with some girls, but my 
employer has given me only one rule about 
them, and it is easy to "remember; the first 
day I wrote from his dictation he said to 
me: ' When in doubt, use a capital. Capi- 
tals out of place will be forgiven; but 
small letters, never.' 

' ' No, mine isn't brain-work ; it is han<l - 
work altogether, and there is a lot of 
sameness about it. Some days I have to 
write the same fibs to a dozen different 
customers, and it becomes so monotonous 
that I nearly go to sleep over it. Doesn't 
the pricking of conscience keep me awake ? 
Well, I should like to know what my em- 
ployer's fibs have to do with my conscience. 
He invents them, and I, who only follow 
dictation, am not supposed to know that 
they are fibs. I do know it, though, and 
if I were his Sunday-school teacher I might 
sometimes feel it my duty to ask him 
where he expects to go when he dies, but 
thank heaven ! I am only his type- 



Notes. 

Type-writei operators speak highly of a 
device for cleaning the type of their ma- 
chines, known as "Boyd's Automatic 
Type-Cleaner." It may be quickly ad- 
justed without touching the ribbon, and as 
the types are cleaned by simply striking 
the keys there is no more likelihood of 
soiling the fingers during this proceeding 
than when operating the machine 

Selby A. Morun, princi|)al of the Steno- 
graphic Institute, Ann Harbor, Mich., and 
well-known short-hand author, has pub- 
lished a dictionary designed for type- 
writer operators. The work gives the 
proper spelling and the proper syllable di- 
visions of most of the words encountered 
in ordinary amanuensis work. We hear 
that one or more of the great type-writer 
companies intend giving a copy of this 
dictionary with every machine sold 

Short-hand journalism is booming. 
Ptirnin's Monthly Stenographer, Detroit, 
Mich., is the new otKcial exponent of the 
Pernin system, drawing its wisdom from 
the fountain-head. The first number, pub- 
lished last month, is a clear-cut little paper 
of sixteen pages, four of them devoted to 
short-hand script. The price is $1.50 a 
year or fifteen cents for a single copy. 

The present month is to bring forth a 
second short-hand periodical in Melton^g 
SloitH-Duployan Short- StindJoumal, Kan- 
sjis City. This is a pretty long title for a 
short-hand journal, but Editor W, O. 
Melton doesn't care a rap for a triHe of 
that sort. The publishers announce that 
thev will begin with an edition ot 5000 



THE WORLD WE LIVE IN 

(COyCLl'DBD.) 




I 



^.f:?..--i.^ ^..r^.^..UT^.^- 




"> ) ir 



C. Aj^..^../Z.^ 




doXn^OkJ 



and pledge themselves to incieaae it as i Mr. Isaac S. Dement at the helm. The 

the demand grows. Price $1 a year. prospectus of this magazine reveals a 

Here is still another, the Ifational Stcnon- uniipie title-pagf, iu which an unclad 

rapher, Chicago, due this month, with I young man fondling a sea serpint sustaius 



the leading part. An accompanying letter 
soliciting aavertisements makes' no doubt 
that we "will remember that its con- 
ductor, Mr. Dement, is known the world 
over as the greatest living exponent of the 
short-hand writing." This is a great deal 
to give for the subscription price, $2 a 
year. 

To J. ff. v.. Montreal —To print the 
"short-hand alphabet" inconncciion with 
advanced reading- lessons would do you 
little or no good, since the simple stems 
undergo many modifications. You must 
thoroughly familiarize yourself with all the 
simple forms and their modifications, us 
well as the principles that underlie these 
changes. There is no easier way and 
there is no other way. 



The World We Live In. 

.1 Kti/ to Phonoijrniihir Srrift. 

He scolds the most (of the) way. He can- 
not afford the time nor the money, and he 
(dot^s not) believe the entertainment (will 
be) much, (after all). The music begins. 
The audience is thrilled. The orchestra 
with polished instruments warble ami 
weep and thunder and pray— all the swccr 
sounds (of the world) flaring (upon the) 
(bass viol) and wreathing the Hugeolcls, and 
breathing (from the) lips {p{ the) cornet, 
and shaking their flower-bells (upon ilu-) 
tinkling tambourine. 

He sits motionless and disgusted. He 
goes home saying: "(Did you sec) that 
fat musician that got so redblowing that 
French horn ? He looked like a stuffed 
toad. (Did you ever) hear (such a) voice 
{as that) lady hrs ? Why, (it was) a per- 
fect squawk !" (And his) companion 
says: "Why, (my dear) I There, (you 
needn't) (tell me) (you are) pleased with 
everything, but never ask me (to go^ 
again!" He goes (to church). Perhaps 
the sermon is didactic and argumentative. 
He yawns, he gapes, he twists himself 
(in his) pew and pretends (he is) asleep 
and says: "(I could not) keep awake. 
(Did you ever) hear anythmg so denu; 
Can these dry bones live?" Ne.\f Sabbath 
lie enters a church where the minister is 
nnu-h L^iven (to illustration.) (He is) 
(still more) displeased. Hesays: "How 
dare that man bring such things into his 
pul])it? He ought (to have) brought his 
illustrations (Irom the) cedar of Leb- 
anon (and the) fir tree, (instead 
of the) hickory and sassufnw. He 
ought (to have) spoken (of the) Euphra- 
tes (and the) Jordan, and not (of the) 
Kennebec and Schuylkill. He ought (to 
have) mentioned Mount Gerizim, (instead 
of the) Catskills. Why, he ought (to be) 
disciplined. (It is) ridiculous." Perhaps 
afterward he joins the church. Then the 
church will have its hands full. He growl*- 
and groans and whines all the way up (tc 
the) gate of Heaven. He wishes (that the) 
choir would sing differently ; (that 
the) minister would preach differently; 
(that the) elders would pray differeutly. 
I In the morning) (he said): -'The 
church was as cold m Greenland," 
(ill the evening), " (It was) hot nh blazes." 
They painted the church; he (did not) 
(like the) color. They carpeted the aisles; 
he (did not) (like the) figure. They put 
in a new furnace; he (did not) (like the) 
patent. He wriggles and squirms and 
1 rets and stews and worries himself. Ib- 
is like a horse that, prancing and uneasy 
(to the) bit, worries himself (into a) lather 
and foam, while the horse hitchcil beside 
him, he just pulls straight ahead, makes 
no fuss, and comes (to his) oats (in [leace). 
Like a hedge-hog, (he is) all quills. Likeu 
crab that (you know) always goes (the other 
way) and moves backward (in order) (to 
go) forward, and turns in four directii)ns 
all (at once), (and the) fiist (you know) 
(of his) whereabouts (you have) missed 
him, and when (he is) completely lost 
(he has) got you (by the) heel — (so that) 
the first thing (you know) (you don't 
know) anything— and (while you) expect- 
ed (to catch) the cmb. the . rub'ciitelics vou. 
Some men are embbed-all hjtrdvliel! and 
obstinacy aiidoppo^ilion 1 1 do :iiJt -< < i linw 

(he is) (to get) into 1 ir:iM n imii -- In -iH'S 

in backward, and Uk > in-i 

danger that (at the) •^■i' .' ito 

pick) a quarrel with iS.iim Thm ■ i 'ncc 
in (I fear) he (will nut^ (likelh.) music 
(and the) services (will be) too long, and 
that (he will) spend (two or three) years 
in trying to find out wIhiIilt \\\i- wiill uf 
Heaven is exactly pluinl> .1 ^ n ■ i lud 

off from such teml- l ; i. :, i^r 

sweet notes (rather ih m n i |. irk- 

ing up marigolds ami lim l.r li- m |m f.r- 
enco to thistles and coliniuinlahi, eiiUur- 
ing thyme and anemones (n.tlier than) 
nightshade. (Let us) leave it (to the) owl 
to hoot, the bear (lo giowh (and the) 
grumbler to find fault. Tai.maoh. 



W. H. Patrick. 

The Ntibjcf't of IhiR Kkrtch wns born in 
nowmiihHvillf. Kric Cminty, N. Y.. April 
is, 1H57. Hisi early rdiiration wns secured 
in th(! (liatrict school of his native town, 
and wiut supplemented by a rollege pre- 
pftriitory coiiw in the hJKh school at 
Clarence, N. Y. During 1874-5 he at- 
tended the Oenenee Wt-sleynn Seminary 
located at I>ima, N. Y., where he studied 
book-ki-epinj: and tnnk lejwons in peninao- 



ship. iTrikiiiL' 'ititr 


111 pmsTfJiK in the lat- 




1 it'.l tJip taste for the 




iiTid the desire to 


Ijci 1 .' ' 


il teacher that di- 




:ii .<< lion and gave the 


ircii.l 1" ' -> 


II II led him on and up 


to lii^ l-i.- ■-! 


,:iiii]iiif* nf. a teacher. 


Mr K. J m III. I 


11 liiiiir nf penmanship 


UK l.u.iil.i.i III 1 


, L. .1 l„„hera of the 




11 1 Ii\ traveling 


arp, 1,1,1 II 


I.ii-ses for 


Bhorr 1. 1 


. 1.. -.rmed to 


«t!liinl,||. 


il„. sprinp 


„l is;; 1,. |.|, . 




poi 1' 


: 1 . i . 1 1 iirnuian. 


shii. ih I . .. . 




Thl .1,1,11 II 


1 1 1 III ^tniill a 


field. Ili.i i.iiilii 


II J 1 In liinl 11 


widiT horizon i i 


. Il,' Hill (.■ncoiir- 


ajrcd liim thill A 1 


, 1 1 , |.|i..rtiinmus 



Rochester Bnsintag University he 

taincd os teacher of penmanship and the 

theory 



!r of penmanship and the 
k.,.pini;. ill v.h'A nn.ninn 



depiirlimiil i.t tSadkrs liryant A Htratto 
Business College, Baltimore, Md , and n 
it was somewhat of a promotion from tli 

suhorilinjilf positiuii Iil- was (iccupyiii'i i 



.n-emciit containing 



I Rattan Company, Toronto. Can. 
The city of Elizabeth, N. J., is vei-y intelli- 



> please. 1 gently and elaborately described i 



a Siorl lime with P. It. Spencer, in Cleve 
land, Ohio, perfecting himself in somi' 
features of penmanship. 

Mr. Patnek has now been in Baltimon- 
IT) i-hnr^re of the penmanship department 
(if II large school more than ten years. 
His retention these many years in so im- 




The Penman's Art Journal. 



PUEitll 



,u/r(, 



Uxt 



1890, »eiid tai cent* ^tumpn Jur Dfcomtttr 
JouitNAL. Thr. li»t contawH Jine hrcefh- 
hndinfj ffunn, rijfes, watches and other unr- 
ful articles. The foUmting lint containn 
(ill. ovr regvJar premiums tmd most of our 
popular f/ooi' premiinm, hut Jty no meamt 
.til — EWITOK JOUNAL. 

PREMIUMS FOR EVERY SUBSCRIBER. 



z elegant premium 



Flourished Eagle " 84x32 

Flourished SlaK " 3* x fl« 

Centennial Hcture of Progress *' S4 x Ufl 

Grant Memorio! " 88 X SS 

fiai-llfUi Men.oriHl . '* 10x21 



'ithout eaceiitlon careful 
f the most elegant apeei- 
- fihowo in this country 



ale, and are tauijht fr m 
in some of tht; leading busmess colleges and clas- 
sical schools of this country and '"aiiada. The^ 



ums for Clubs. 



printed and illustrated volume of ^54 iaree 



complete works. It woul<l cost you forty cents 





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Nontoex- 
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Buaimsg WHting by W. //. Fatrick. tPhoto-engi-aveti.) 

mail Dickeusul.iii. .1 m -!■,. ^.u ili. -. i .inl- 



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L L Wll.UAMR. 



club, Where premiums are sent by express 
recelvine party will have to pay the express 



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8 will seu 


(■ two subscriptions and 


xtra pre 


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iptionsanda copy of Am 




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ze"d';l'*t 


The prie 


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Neud yuiif pottl-pald, l>ee eliuleo of (lie 

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To get any of these special premiums wnb a 
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only say" that they i 



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tariTEiPEwsrssyrs 



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RItter's Book of Mock Trials. 




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17.1 




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A Library of Fiction at a Nominal Cost. 




V splendid clotb-u 
ndigppnsnbtc volii 



Dickens' Cumplett; Works md One Year's Subscription for THE 
JOURNAL (with regular Premium) for only $1.75. 

^^The subacription must be a new one — not your renewal, nor tlie rcnewiil of 
any other present subscriber. For $2 we will send you the complete works and renew 
or extend your subscription for one year. Or, we will send the complete set free as a 
special premium for a club of four (each with regular premium), at our regular price 
of $1 for each subscription. Your own riMu-wal, (ir e.xtfnsion of subscription, may 
be included in this chib of four. 

WH^T YOXJ OET. 

Fifteen separate volumes, comprising over 3200 pn//ea of reading matter, clearly 
printed and attractively bound in substantial paper coveia. The above cut represents 
the appearance of the volumes without the slightest exaggeration. The set will under 
These are the world-famous works it comprises : 
BLEAK HOUSE, 
LITTLE DORRIT, 
PICKWICK PAPERS, 
DAVID COPPERPIELD, 
BARNABY RUDGE, 
OLD CURIOSITY SHOP, 
GREAT EXPECTATIONS, 
SKETCHES BY BOZ, 
UNCOMMERCIAL TRAVELER, 
MYSTERY OF EDWIN DHOOD. 
videly read of any novels printed in any language, 
increasing and every person should own a full set 
eminently the novelist of the people. His books 
thrusts of satire ; his characters 
he unmasks vice in all its forms. 
The lights and shadows of life are delineated in a thrilling and dramatic style. To 
own a complete set of his incomparable books is to be possessed of an inexhaustible 
mini- of interestii)j;r literature. Nn person is well rpad who luts not pf-rus.-d thi-m. 

Another Great Offer of Standard Works. 



Instead of Difkens' Comiilrte Wi.iks wi- will ».-iul 
tlie coiiiiilctc set nf Ihf 

Peerless Waverly Novels 

on the same terms that the Dickens' Works arc offered 
above. This gives a choice of the two uiost widely 
read and most popular series of novels ever published — 
both masterful, both wholesome aud elevating. The 
complete list of the Waverly Novels is as follows : 



be brok 

OLIVER TWIST, 

AMERICAN NOTES. 

DOMBEY & SON, 

MARTIN CHUZZLEWIT, 

OUR MUTUAL FRIEND. 

CHRISTMAS STORIES, 

TALE OF TWO CITIES, 

HARD TIMES, 

NICHOLAS NICKLEBV, 

REPRINTED PIECES, 

Dickens' Works are the most 

The popularity of Dickens is ever 

of his works. Charles Dickens is 

teem with shafts of sparkling wit, touches of pathi 

iginal and real as well as quaint and grotesqu 




Ai/z£^t A<y^ 



WAVKKLY, 

1V.\NII()E, 

KENir.WOHTH, 

GUV MANNEKING 

ANTIQUAKY, 

ROB HOY, 

OLD iMORTALITY, 

BlilDIS OP LAMMERMOOI!, 

BLACK DWAKF. 

IIKART OV IIID-LOTIIIAN, 

THE MONASTERY, 

THE ABBOT, 

2.5. SURGEON'S 



13. THE PHSATE. 

14. FORTUNES OF NUIEL, 
l.l. PEVERH, OF THE PEAK, 
16. QUENTIN DlIRWARl), 

ir. ST. RONAN'S WELL, 
IK. RED GAUNTLET, 

19. THE BETROTHED, 

20. THE TALISjMAN, 

21. WOODSTOCK, 

22. FAH! MAID OP PERTH, 
21). ANNE OP UEIERSTEIN, 
24. COUNT ROBERT OF PARIS, 

DAUGHTER. 



These works in our set are made intotn*elve handy and attractive 12mo volumes, 
Scott's masterful delineation of human character and depiction of marvelous scenes 
from common life have never been surpassed. His works are sin(jvilarly and strikingly 
original. A complete set of THE WAVERLY NOVELS should occupy an honored 
place in every library. Heretofore the price has been so high as to place these match- 
less volumes beyond the reach of people of limited means. 

AKOTHER OFFER.— We will send both Dickens' and Scott's works as 
special premiums for a chib of seven (each with regular premiums) or for a club of six 
without the regular premiums. 




The illustrations on this page tell tli 
years ago. Every year The Journal ha> pi^i 
out of which, with appropriate remembran 
has developed and is here presented with i 



AH I -JfU'UNAI. 




g^ooo Readons 

tneu>inq to ik frio?^ pr tpi l-firkerzl-B h'lTZs; 
npfiminb o(^tfe fistiyt 6ca$on an^ lobGinq for 






Ircars since The Joukxai.'s birth — thiitceii 
lor more ornamental New \'car's Designs, 
fent season, this composite pictorial history 



^ 








^: 



7 



if. 










PENMAN'S Art Journal 



frriii find nfMiif. Special 



n fort fax than ^. 



So advertigementu 



SiihnrHplian : Otie year « ; ow number W 
ci-ntK. No frr* samples eaecfpt f« bona fide 
uyrntg who are mibgcriberg. to aid them in 
taking mbteriptionB. 

Foreifrn Mubnrripli 



New York, Januarr* 1800. 



UroiimmiUil 
HuusnndHis 



Spt-cimen (F. S. P< 
is Frfenda— Comic . 




OOMING is the word 
that beat expresses the 
condition of the West- 
I Penmen's Associa- 
, according to brief 
reporls from Des Moi- 
nes, where the tiuimal 
convention has just 
closed. Secretary 
Gieaseman, who repre- 
sented TuE JointNAi., reports 
tifty-one mem' ers in attend- 
and a great time nil around. 
The new officers are C. N. Crnndle. presi- 
<lent ; A N. Palmer, vice-president ; 
W. K. fJieaseman, secretary; J. R. Diiryea, 
tiensurer; A. F. Stolebarger, assistant 
secretary; G. L. Nettleton, chmrman, and 
{'. N. Faust, a member of the Executive 
Committee. The Ufxt meeting will be 
held at Peoria, III. The cream of the 
proceedings of the late convention will be 
given in Tmo Jouiinai. for February. 



; to the diverse and elaborate 
ornamental designs given in this issue we 
were compelled to omit at the last moment 
New Year's oifenugs by A. E. Dcwhurst 
and H. F. Williams. Both of these de- 
signs were eugnived for the purpose, but 
there is a limit to everything, luid it was 
found at the last moment that they could 
not. be used to advantage in this 
Wf sbiill show them next mo»th. with 
oilu-r handsome specimens that had been 
urmiiiscd simcc and were omitted for the 




r if The c 
mouths ago and i 
proceedings in — 



to have had the 



wc didn't, 
haven't. Of course it really 
does not matter, beenuse The 
.loiRNAi. gave the juice of the 
proceedings before the Educa- 
tor had fairly got home from 
the meeting. It would seem 
that if there were any good 
reason for putting these pn>- 
eeedings in book form, some 
wav onght to be dexnscd to 



get them from the press before the whole 
thing gets cold and the teachers are 
thinking about the next meeting No 
one blames Secretary McCord for the delay 
and no one regrets it more than he, but, 
really, where is the hitch i While we are 
on the subject it may not be inopportune 
to infiuire if there is any real demand for 
a vnrbatim report of the jwoceedings and 
from whom such demand comes. 

We have lono know.n that Brother L. 
L. Williams, of Rochester, shines as an 
educator and an educational author, but 
his claims to eminence as a biographer had 
not come to our attention so sharply as 
when reading his sketch of Brother Patrick 
on another page. Plain, crisp, business- 



club of 43 from Principal E. C. A. 
Becker, of Becker's Business College. Wor- 
cester, Mass. Close behind is W. H. Curtiss, 
of Curtiss" Business College. Minneapolis, 
with 37. Sonip of the other clubs are- 
Twenty-five from J. B. Duryea, Iowa 
B. C, Dc8 Moines; 18 each from A. R. 
Birchard, Siieirs B. C. Norwich, Conn., 
Fielding Schofield, Gem City B. C, 
Quincy, III.. W. F. Giesseman, C. C. C. C, 
Des Moines; 15 from L. H Gosselin, St. 
Denis. Richelieu. Canada; 14 each from 

A. G. Coonrod, Atchison, Kan.. B. C, 
J, H. Hachtenkiroher, Princeton, Ind , 
Normal College; 13 each from W. J. 
Kinsley. Shenandoah. Iowa, E. H. Robins, 
S. W. B. C;., Wichita, Kan. ; 12 each from 
O. C. Dornev. Allentown, Pa., B. C, C. 
N. Faulk, Sionx City, Iowa., B. C, J. F. 
Whiteleacher, Fort Wayne, Ind., B. C; 
11 from A. W. Dakin, Syracuse; 10 each 
from H. H. Goodfellow, Springfield, 
Ohio, C. H. McCargar, Ottawa, Ont., 

B. C, J). C. Rugg, Archibald's B. C. 
Minneapolis, A. A. Southworth. La 
Porte, Ind. 



CurloiiM Pen Oolleetlon. 

A gentleman formed an idea some years 
ago that it would be curious to collect all 
the odd-shaped pens he could find and 
now has a lot comprising over 700 
varieties. About twelve different metals 
are represented in the collection. He has, 
too, a number of wooden pens and many 
curious quills. The collection embraces 
specimens from England. Ireland, Scot- 
land, Germany and other European coun- 
tries, besides America and (Janada. There 
are pens pointed fine enough to make 




PItotoengraved from a copy made by C. E. 
Chase, Hiawatha, Kan., of the UluiitTation 
published on the fir»t page of the November 
JoUHNAL. liefer to tJiat page and see how 
utU hf did if. 
s,.vr,.,l >M|,i,. l,,,v, !-■■ ■■ iv.'.I .if the 



'giUarly two mouths ultfr the ijublioa 



s of illustrations. 



(jn December 22. The JoDHNAI. offers con- 

-Iliotber William Lbv. formerly of Winni- 
nnif MnnitnbH. Is teachin« wrftintt ana other 



' a tulUttedtred buainess Uuparti 



and SHid to be a eood t 



'. Jones, u gfiod writer 







-j," -JyWITH JHtIR BESf WISHES^ P,OR A 



m^^ 



penmanship of a style suitable to greetii 



like it is, and tells the whole story without 
hysterics. Patrick, by the way, was due 
in The .lornNAi. some months since, but 
accidents caused the postpone- 
ment. 

Thk KING CLUB received for the 
of November numbered 84 
sent by W. H. Patrick from the pupils of 
Sadler's Business College, Bnlti 
Many other smaller clubi 
the usual notice having been crowded out. 
The December Kingis from SoiilC's College. 
New Orleans, sent by G. W. Harmon; it 
ibcre H3 names. The Queen club, 70 
sent by G. K. Demary from the 
Buffalo Business University. Next 



lines of microscopic delicacy, and othci-s 
intende 1 for men who use the first per- 
sonal pronoun a great deal in their 
pondence. Some are in shape like shovels, 
others resemble a section of stove-pipe, 
and others are delicate and diminutive. — 




portiiiit 


1 1 




V. Ell 


ott 










gentleniii 




























































Inulates 
































advertls- 


InK hiH pe 


n-W( 


i-kand8pecinltii?s 





c-«inbcra i»o<l n 



clal iichool, tlic 
leu*". Proprlcl. 



theui.].., Ii:,ii .>) ir tinO Up Is not at ill bnlil. 
eitlier. He hiLsn kindly expression and a " get- 
there " louk imd □umbci'8 tils frienda by the 

— W. H. Heltz. superintendent of writing In 



Joying Drst-cla^ health. 

— F. B. Courtney and F. C. SandcrAon will 
shortly orjranizo a writinir-Bchonl at PItt«fleld. 
Mii-j Tlnv liiiv*' ii'LtTitly conduot4.^d largo 



Barre, I'm., seuda . 



It would be difficult t 



■ hair-lines than I 



THE EDITOR'S SCRAP-BOOK. 



received from A, B. Cuahman, 
m.. o superbly illumlnati^d d(>sixn 
- shading-pen. lu coloring and 
._. 9 never seoo itguritossed. Such 
dolioatc Bkill as this h worthy « rich reward, 
unusually large number of good 



bleadlog we haven 



-In the line of f 



. r C. E. vrebtvsr. pcnmiui of the 

Davenporc, lo^a, BiiBlness Colle4(e. Vov .an 
surpass him for Uniahed effect, 6. W. Harmon, 
of Soul6'8, New Orleans, uuother pennian of 
I few t-urds that 




laauos a very artistic uatalogui 

—The work of Superintende 

the coroiuerclal department ol 

Seminary, is warmly commend 



Ecr;:; 



tfon to attend t 



t Richmond, of 



0oA- oe/r fer ji9 Tff/i-L /f r/on 
tniL Me Pe/fmirrsa ro 





twrfng &6fadie» 
the history of t 



If the goat eats fjist enough, our artist pTouises to give in the next issue of Tnt 
JouHNAi, a full-length portrait of the best penman in the United States Mcuntiim 
our readers are invited to send iu votes as to the proper identity of the party behini 
the screen. Sta.e also second choice, and the best guesser will get a prize. Of courst 
The .Ioubnai. will not be responsible for its artist's opinion as to who is the best peu^ 
d we raay all say what we think. 



It Is all plain and uniformly good. As 
Mr. Scarborough Is hi the very front r 



THE EDITOR'S CALENDAR. 



f)% 



' i"lks will find 
III -I of Professor 

'' and MethiMl 

' iir. the subject 

.1 iu-.tities its claim 
t wiitlcn and l>cat 
Ji'ricjin illustrated 
Wit read paper will 
icature by Editor 



The threads of th-^ two 




^R^S^ft-A 



«!/ F. .«. I'rIMI, of The Journal's Art Slajj. iri,nl, 



-^^^^^m 



In writing lo Advertisers kindly 
say that you saw their notices in The 
Journal. 



of Hbortlmnil mill TyixwritlnK- Must be Ihor- 
ouirhly caimble ArtrtrCM ut onw. wltti refer- 
ence*. ••syNDICATK," cureot The Pbkman'r 
Aht Journal, aC BroadwBy. New Vork. l-i 

APBNn A N of 8 yeara' experieuoe wishea to 
corro8|)ond with a gooil school desirous of 
(tfcrurlntr a thoroughly competent poomao and 
teacher. Arldr(« "PENMAN," care of TiiE 



A RARE BUSINESS CHANCE. 
A well-t'stnlilNhiil Hii-ii](-i-i Colleirt', located I 
agrowliitrf 
hubllAi ' 
opemtl 
Hr«t-claB8 1 



opemtion now, 
-class reput 



ousand I 
:oo<) Incniiiu and with 



■ursiNEss." 



i Aht Jour 



YVANTKI».-A «"t-cltt»B ',"Vi|'^J^.°f 'r'S'^uVi'" 

RBTtner from * imylng BubIdcm College In one of the 
■wHngclliWot^tnePaeincCOBat. School la thorouKli- 
'*'.'?'*?"!'"'?; fMlly «l«'PP«'i pajlnd liandsomel/. 
aadUttaeh-AdmKHf^nouloritti kind In iho surrouiitl- 
Ing country. Purchaser must have Hail experience 
mercial deparimenl. On Bccouut of falllnK heollh 



w',-^:^''" 






'?^."h"x,'.^vi;t 



THE BEST WAY 

to learn to write an elegant baud is to take 
DokJii's courv? ut lessons by mall; only $3,00_^ 
It mil be worth JIOOO to you. 



TRIAL TRIP. 



A. W. DAKIN 
All Engrossers and Draughlsmen Use 

THE DAY SPACING OR SHAD- 
ING T SQUARE. 

jKiww kiiitl of iiilino antt xhtulUH} Imaainaiile 
mau he done with it iiHth far ttnater accuracj/ 
tJiaii by any other method and tii ouf-tenth the 
timr an by the old rfou' prooiv. 




'I III' iii'(-iiin|iiin> iU)J: cut represents the ht'nd 
with (1 section 111 the bludv of the square, uiid 
sevenil specliui'iisof rullntf and shading, photo- 
eiiHravcil direct fi-oiu work done by aid of the 
fquaro witb a common drafting pen, the lines 
botDK eeparated at purfcct Intervals, and exe- 
cuted as rapidly as those made free-hnnd. 
The spnoe between lines may be varied by turn- 
iniru thumbecrt'w from zero to seven -eii^htUs 
of an Inch and made horlzontaJly or upon any 
desired leiifrtb or material. We K've herewith 
specimens of Tintlnar pboto-enfirraved directly 
fi-om rullDtr done by the aid of the square with 
the rapidity of free-hand lines. 



PACKAOE of the most fashic 

itiug cards 50 cents (26 cards). 

A. W. DAKIN. Syraci 



F-A-TK-IOK'S COFIES. 

An extensive series of rieoantty trrittin f.-j.iVji. fresh from the i»en. on hesivj 
compendium size, there being fifteen sheets jiacked in a sulistuntial case and 



aled paper. 



Prof. Patrick is Justly < 



e acquisittoii of a supe; 

I consider your copie 
IrBtlnir after somethin 



i|j th.<i vv U■.^^. . " LYMAN P. SPE^CEB. 

pie^ I- Nnt.r Miiin Linv compendium In the market. The Kraec. 
iSliK,-* guuliiu'!' i'[iilii.<lie<) in jour work is a wonderful incentive to 
siness imrid. I s*iy these croou words unsoUeiteil. 

E. M. HUNT8INGEH, Hartford. Conn. 
, displaying magnlflceat movement. When I was hungering and 

. .^.__ ,_ DShip. I would have given five doUars for such 

J. W, WESTERVELT. London, (."nnada. 



Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 



IPLETi: SHORTHAND HANCAL," FOB SELF-.NSTBl :<'- 
TION IN S<'UOOL!« AND COLLECSKS. 



The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of "Aid to Graham,'' 
" Shorthand Copy-Book," &c., President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ofjraphers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 

SEKTID FOK, CIR.CXJLAK,S. 
THIi BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, 1.^ 

23 to 27 EUCLIII AVUNUE. - Cl.KVELAND, OllIO. 



I ARICC 100,000 DEMOREST CORSETS rnrr 
LAUlCa 100,000 SHOULDER BRACES rntt 

'',SSS£i:SiSm 100,000 St ockiiib Supporters ' 
AMARVELOUSOFFER 



By A Reliable House! 

Hie. Demorest'sliinstraiea Monttil? Fasliloii lourDai 



Oemorest Celeb'd Corsets I 
Shoulder Braces \ 
'IHVV ** Slocking Supporters I 







^How To Obtain 1 HI in nr 
]Two Articles:! rAlll Ul 



FREE ! 




!?rTi."liyu'.S'o. 



HOW TO OBTAIN rinpr 

Tlie Mme. Demorest CorstI I HIjIj 

fienrt «i BO Oenu for one Year'* rjl,9erfpaon to 
our JLIOKNAL anil iS c^nt. «Jdltiot.«l U, |wv l;n.I"KO 



SEOULDEB £EAO«:S 
Stocking Supporters 



FREE 



REMEMBER THERE IS NO HUMBUG ABOUT THESE OFFERS. 

THE DEMOREST FASHION & SEWING MACHINE CO., 
17 EAST 14th STREET, NEW YORK. 

ThUoffer should be taken advantage ot at once as we will give away no more than 100.000 
oleachartlcie. SHOW THIS TO YOUB FRIENDS. IT WILI, NOT APPEAR AGAIN. 



) days a beautiful 

uted with the Automatic Shading Pen In Ink, 

aint. Bronio. Metallic and French Flock <iu 



Fen Supplies, Lwieons by Mml ' .ml 
Klourishinjf. Ac., FOH UNI.V I w ia 
CENTS. Pleaseatateinwhut (.ii|-r\.. 
advertisement. Address A. It. t I'SU.M. 
ing Pen Artiat and Penman, Humboldt 
N, B.— Positively no free specimens. 



PEIVBIATV^HTP 



■ taught hy mail. Therefore 

or4 lessons and be convinced 

I help you. Write. Your letter will 



receive prompt attentio: 



'" - v7;^;.Tt'PhWRlTt.RS^ CLEANED ■ 
/o>0^°-J XWITHOlTSOlblNfi FINOE^ 



>^^^^jr SlriKing Kci(S l\ctJ}sTws^C^ 
L^^B^^IrfSlanlly Adjuf*-* '^tJI^'^ 
^EftMHGTON AND WUGRA 

W.S.BO>'D.?'-A-o'""'U(ashingttfriD^Q 
Pernin Universal Phonography. 

The only Non-Shadine. Non-Position, Connec- 
tive Vowel ShorUHund. Notc-Tukinp .style In 
Hve easy lessons. Legible ns Print. lt<;i)i)rting 
Ktyle the; most leBible ami briefest iii use. 

" 1 circulai-sfree. Write 



Detroit. Hich. 



MORE 



RIER'M PEIEFECT PUSITION 
VRITING ATTACHMENT. 









A FULL COURSE 

of 12 lessoDS in plain penmanship given by 
maU for »3.0«. Teacher's oom-se M.OO, 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 




THE LATEST. 

For 75 i^nte I will send you cards with 
Howei-s, roses, [ri-a&ses, etc.. raised on each with 
a knife. Your name written or raised, us you 
wish. The flowers look like wax work and 
these are positively the most beautitul curds 
in the world. A sample sent for 20 cents. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syi-acuse, N. Y. 



70R AIJ, orders received within 30 days I 



515 East State Street, Trenton, N. J, 



A FLOURISHED owl on B. Board, 
10 X U inches, sent for *1.0O. It i 
beauty. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N 

BOOKKEEPING, -rt^ks^ 



IK 



YOU want 12 of the finest styles and 
C'>mbinations of your name you ever 
send M cents to 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



PBEJUDICE IS A THIEF! 







ile«hoi 



OIILiqiJR PENHOLDER 

Automatic Lessons 

BY MAIL. 

l« Lessons S^.M 

Alphabets eacb 15 

MnkPowde-s 85 

12 Ink Powderc. assorted fiO 

Auto. Pens, each 25 

< jiciilari^frve. Address 

C. E. Jones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 

SHINN'S COMMERCIAL SPEllER. 

HewSpELLiNO Book (1889) 
I New Plan. Consists of 
FIT Parts, viz. : The Dia- 
SHIflf/'p g critical Marks Gzplalned and 
,,_*^«*-v" ff Exercises in Appiylng-them; 
11 ( ouuerciaL If Articles of Merchandise; 
^prT^a il ^orda in Common Use ; 
fifLLLLn It Commercial Terms; Legal 
Terme; Scientific Terms; 
Words Pronounced Alike 
but Spelled Differently; Mis- 
cellaneous Classified Lists; 
Contains just what pupils 

. , ^what they already know. 

The onlu Speller that preparfufnr BfiMnrss Life ! 
Unequaled for use in advaaced classes la Public 
Schools, Business CoUeees, etc. Do not begin an- 
other term until you see Inls Speller. It is IlDiciue 
and Peerless! (Nnw Rtadii !) ll>5 pases. Boards, 
ascents. Sample Copy sent on receipt of as cents. 
Will refund price of sample if book is 
adopted or returned. Table of Contents, Sam- 
ple Pages and Introduction Prices sent Free. 
J. R. HOLCOMB Ac CO., Pablishera, 
Cane Block, - - Cleveland, Obio. 

YOUR NAME SSS ISS' Sf«i 

white. 12 cent*; woddlnit brlalol, 15 ceui« : KlltedRe, 
pen-Roiirlahed, 76 c«uis. koore's Automatic Card 





ishlp or all kinas. 

One-tourlh Grots, by Mall, Postage Prepaid, 30c 
One Gross, by Mail, Postage Prepaid, S 1 .00. 




BALDWIN'S PERFECT POSI- 
TION PKN-HOLDEK. 



THE ONLY PRACTICtl 

LOW-PRICED 




Twenty-four Pages of Reading Matter 

MUNSON PHONOGRAPHY. 

We have, printed in good shape, and readv 
to use in classes, the following readinR lessons: 
1. The "irl Amanuensis, 
a. The Edk lah Tc 



Return of the Birds. 



(Illustrated.) 



aniel Websters Speech «t Albanv. 
All in the best style of Munson phonography. 
Pn'eir lo feiits for each. 25 cents for three, 
40 eents for five 

Also a List of Contractions and Words out 
of Position, with Dcrivalives. Price to cents. 
Address 

S. S. PACKARD. Publisher, 

101 East 23d street, - New York. 

WHAT IS THE MATTER 



A. W. DAKIN. Syn 



AMES' BEST PENS 



BEST PENS MADE. 

Try the world over, as we have done, 
and you will take no other. 

One^ross, $1.00, One-qnarter gross, 35c, 
JOHN WATSON, Catonsvihe, Md., 

Is the only person who teaches full reporting 
coui-se in Phonography FUEE. Offer iiermnnent 
Stamp for particulars. See December number of 
Tiif S^hnri}\a»d ficrfoc for PR IZE P SSA Y on 
the beat method of teaching Hhorthand. \--i 



INDIANAPOLIS 



B 



USINESS UNIVERSITV 

HUES BLOCS. OPPOSITB TOST OPPICt \ 

B£I:B & 0:BOIUt, rilDclpali sal PicptUt«n, 



employ rneni, by a coutie of training at this inslitu- 
tion. Book -keeping. Bus ncss praciicp. Shorthand, 
Typewriimg. Penmanship and English. Large 

Leclures. Eminent indorsement,' Open all year! 
Enter now. Attraclive city. E.pensc^ moderate. 
Write to us. Illustrated Catalogue, Free. 



ACOH-ECTION . 
for the monufautut 

'choo and family inirpc 



. Emeriek has reeeivejl much praise for the 



TYPEWRITER. 

FIRST-CLASS, RAPID, DURABLE 

Business Typewriters. 

WORLD TYPEWRITER, 44 characters, $10. 
WORLD TYPEWRITER,^? characters, $15. 

Pi'i-E ^lAKUFAOTiTRiNO CO., MakerB of Columbia 
Cycles, Boston, New York, Chicago. 



Remington 




Standard Typewriter 

HAS HERN FOR 

FIFTEEN YEARS 

THE STANDARD. 

Embraces the Latest and Highest Achieve- 
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WVCKOFF,SEAMANS& BENEDICT. 
3J» Broajwav. N. Y. 

Full line of Typewriter Supplies. li-12 



STENOGRAPHY k™s?C '^iii: 



THE CALIQRAPH 

Is the best Type Writer. 

II i,s cjLsier to leiini and to operate, does better 
work, has more speed and is more durable than any 
other type writer. 

Shorthanl tiught by mail and personally 
__ We have 300 pupils by mail, a-.luntiont imcural 

all pupils when compttent. We have been iliiirt of 
competent gentlemen stenographers for 18 months. Bookkeepers who are sten- 
ographers are in demand Learn nhortkand ; eommertee now. 




SEND FOR CIRCULARS TO 



W. C. CHAFFEE, 



OSWECO, N. Y. 



AN ELEGANT PRESENT, 



SENSIBLE ONE 


too. IS 


COPY OF 





By H. 3. Vuiman & W. J. Kinsley. 

The best-selling penmanship publicntion be- 
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handling it. TOU can make J5.00 a day easily. 

The Latest, B*»st, Most Complete 
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Bncst and most explicit Instruction Book 
published: enclosed in a neat and aubstantlnl 
case; mailed touny partof the world for One 
Dollar Send for our new descriptive circular 
giving testimonials, &c. 

Pntman « Kinsley's Pens. 



, card writing and fine 
sPen " for book-keep- 



a; of all descriptioi 



crs book- keeping students, and all wishing (i 
pen for rapu), un'hnded writ na 
PBlCKS.-8»mpJe». lOc; Qnartpr «ro«s 30c. ; 
(irOHti. 81.00. 

OBLIQUE PEN-HOLDERS. 

"EXCELSIOK" IS THE BKST. Try It and be 
convinced. No crack in the aide ; most durable 
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enamel or naturnl wood. Pi'lcC- ime, ;.5c.; (wo. 
?5r.; flnzrii, 8r,r., imnl-paUt. Special prices for 
liirg.-i .I'liintities. Send for circulars. Elegantly 



PUTMAN S KINSLEY, , 



. Box 7Hf . 



SHORTHAND. ..'SX t 

practical verbatim reporter. Ifl years' experi- 
ence. No failures. Situations guaranteed. 
Book and circularB free. 

FRANK HARRISON. Stenographer, 
5.tf 721 Broad St.. Newark. N. J. 



Professor A. W. Dakin. 

Dear Sir :~-Y our last lesson is received and 
like all preceding ones is a model of perfec- 
tion. Your copies all show the sauie amount 
of care, and the interest you show in the im- 
provement of the work of your pupils is evi- 
dent in each lesson. Sincerely thanKing you 
for the attention you gave me through the 
entire course. I am 

Youi-s truly. 
M. R. VANDERBILT, Mt. Morris, N. Y. 



THE STENOGRAPH. 

The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurate and Reliable. Send stamp for a 
SU-page Circular. Machines rented on trial. 



HACK NI'TIBEBS of The JOURNAL con- 
taining Mrs. Packard's Complete I-essons 
in Munson Shnrtlmnd for sale. Price iXM) per 



SHORTHAND. 



15': 



A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse. N. Y. 



F. E. PERSONS, 



RICE'S 

Practical Bookkeeping 

single and Double Entrv. 

H> TlloMAa .\. JtiLt, A.M.. LI..11.. 

Kxpcrt Accountant and Stcrctary ('/ Mouml 

Ciljl. P^anhhn, Irith- American, WasMnal'ni 

arul Oarfielil BtiiUling Asgnrintlnni. 

Ahnndsomely boiiudbookorSlCpaeea. ThelifJil 

fradt^l text book row Isnued. The retail price m 
il.oo, vtboleaale 11.30. Inlroduetlon 91.00, a cop> 

celpt of jl.oO, y or prospectUH aodress 

THOS. A. RICE, ' 1-' 

AN OFFER. 

In order U) placp my work in tbc tinud-s ol 
every nwder ot this paper, 1 will senti on re- 
ceipt of $I.(Mi tlie following : 

Price, 

DBkio'fl Card Ink Recipe .50 cit. 

Two Selfi of Capitals (differrnW .40 •■ 

A WriHen I.elier 26 " 

Muscular l^xerclsen 86 " 

apecimeOBof l-louriHhfug 26 '■ 

Totftlwortu Saoo 

141 Johnson St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

IT CAN BE DONE. 

$2 65WorthofPenworkfor$l50 

uriick's liiMi' i-numomtcd : 
Int. Wnttfii Componilluin of Poniniin- 
slij]), orabmciug: lUI tlic cssoritinl 
(.'k'luonts ot n fuU course iu Plain 

Writing »1.IW 

:^l, IfUrKO shPot tUlcd witli uomblnntlon 

slKiinturos.... -A) 

'M. ronililntttfoii ciipitiils, " }>pin-kllng 

1th, Set of buBlneaecftpltfllB ,ji 

5tli. Voiu- iiiirao oil 100 plain onrds .. l.iKi 

TotJil S2.(i5 

Any itersou who carca for good penmanship 

All oitiors will bt' filled and ninlled at once. The 
rush ..r New Vetn- Ciuds beioK over I shall be 
able U. nil my mail oi-dore on same .lay neeived. 




BOX 63, STATION W 

BROOKLYN, N, Y. 



HENRY LINDENMEYR, 

reaper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & I 7 Beekman St., 



NEW YORK. 



|NTEItl>r M \i)i: I. \s\ . 



.1 I" s T P r B 1. 1 s II F. II. 

•AMERICAN COLLEGE MANUAL" 



A/^^/^/p/tj 



EXTRA FINE ELASTIC PEN 



No. 128. 

Eipresaly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental ponmanablp, 
A GREAT VARIETY OF OTHER STYLES. IN 

SSTEEBROOK'S FALCON PENS 048. 

PENS SUITABLE FOR ALL WRITERS. 

All of Standard and Superior ftnality, 

FOK SALE BY ALL STATIONKItS. 

THE ESTER8R00K STEEL PEN CO., 

VORKS. CAMDEN N. J, I 26 JOHN ST.. NEW YORK. 






TELECRAPHY;,,'r;'i:^f::';'":',r, 

PLIMMAN'S BADG 




j™iANSHIP|ff^S| 

nnesp«clmcD»loBoxC. C Pounhkeeiulc NT. 



JOURNAL OF EDUCATION. 



1590. 



Qaiiotxl Tear for the readers 

1 will be given to the dcpart- 
ncmoaM lor tbe Sctaoolrooni and 

mount of space will be devoted to It. 
the most successful tcuchera fn the 
lire now aiiiubercd amonff Its contribu- 

the Many Pntminent Features for the 
ear, we would note the following series 



the Exprrltnenlal nptliod. By.IOH.N 

F. WooDBOLL, Prof, of Natural Science In 
the Kew York College for the Training of 
Teachers, 
This series of papers is to be published ranuthlj- 



wlU bea report of 1 



ope 



Island M 
fulslii.i; 



T the Rhode 



. D. Kj 

ScIiooIk. 

\v -(' I Miis,s.; fonnerly teacher 

iij in -lull Nnrmal School, West- 

\ ■ I .. - 1. 1 Articles by Celi* 

-1 • l>"i"- 1 . Hy LarkinDdnton, 

I I I I ..t iirticles'on thfssub- 

niiiU •■! I'-oirliolotcy. By A. 

I. L. \i II. >I<|, Principal of Train- 
1, Minn. iM...li^. will be a constant 
.11- h. tin- j.jHCHrtlduriutf the year. 



f Europe. 



Monthly Sapplemept. 



Exaiuliiatlon 4t"«'**l<*n 



SubNeriUiloii Balt'H. iuirludin? S 

NEW ENGLAND PUH. CO.. 
Boston and Chic 



DES MOINES IOWA, 

is one of the leading schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparation of young men 
and women for business life. A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 
.Send for catalogue. 

J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 



RRVv\NT <S: STRATXON 

BOOK-KEEPING BLANKS. 



'' ""and tl 



; only 



'. Tex 



•THE NEW BRYANT A. STKATTON 

Counting-House Bookkeeping." 



CoMiu.ssiON Set. Book i 

BANKINQ ■^ET. BUSLNl 

Ditv Goods Set. Practice Book 



Small Set. Lauge Book 

[ Skt. Book koh G 

BusLNESS Fo; 

Practice Be 

Business sebi 

Favomble arrangements made with Business 
(■(dlcges and Public and Private Schools foi 
introduction and use. Descriptive List now 
ready. Uorreapondence iuvitea. 

The best Pen in the U.S., and best penman use them. 
"JOHN D*S FAVORITE PEN." 



DANIEL SLOTE & C".. 

119 & 121 William Street, N. Y. 



A. i:. HEWHUKST. 

ARTIST PENMAN, 

Execute. All Kind, of Ornamental Pen-Work 






■ EnitrossmE. 1 
Flourisbme hftvp rec 

OUR 
^oirespondel 



(IPen-Drawi 



A. E. OEWHURST, Ulloa, N. Y. 



<0/m^, 



wg<(ma^t^ 



JOSEPH CI LLOTTS 

STEEL PENS 

I GOLD MEDAL PARIS E3CP0SITI0N-I87B. 

I THE MOST PERFECT OF PENS 




PROPniETOR WEBIi'S INSTITUTE OP 

PENMANSHIP AND ART. 

The leading sohool of pen art In tbe South. 
uwNiirs iif all l;ints made for en- 

y .1,..; , ..liLittfd with parties 
■^1' " " i-iinable prices. 






A. C 



Northern Illinois College of Pen Art, 



DIXON, ILLINOIS. 



WiLKESBARRB. PA., Oct. 28tb. 1H8» 
Mr. A. W. Dakin. Syracuse, N. T. 

iJear Sir : — Your letter and lesson of June 
Hith, 1889, came duly to band, and, I assure you 
I spoiled many a sheet of paper in order to 
show you that I really appreciate your way of 
doing business. And there is no ex^-use a man 
can (?ive who does not avail himself of such 
a gi'eat chance to learn jjenmaDsbip at home 
without s[)entUng but $3.00. The price is very 
low and within reach of every young man, 
and yo deserve gi-eat credit for it. 
Very tnily youre, 

G. H. LOHMANN. 



TOILLEGE or fOMM ERCf! 

'V_^ BRTANTV^STRATTPN 



leOfl and 1202 rhcii 



BUSINES!*. 



^HbS J. PRtoKETT, 1 



Good board in prlvfte families' 
week. Circulars free. Address 
2-U' McKEE & HENDKBSON, (1 



LEARN TO WRITE YOUR ITAME. 




PORTRAITS 

^^ For a prcscnc lo moihcr. father. 
g (ri, ,„J .„ ,cad,>:r, culd you possibly 
f\ sclccl a more appropriate gift? 

T Portraits from photograph, por- 
traits from tin-type, portraits from 
C3 engraving, portraits from pencil or 
•^ pen sketch, fine portraits worth from 
/\ tl5 to tS" (or from «5 to »7.50. All 

I work guaranteed strictly first class. 
Kefer by permission to I). T. Ames. 
^P editor of this paper. 

Q H. Y. FINE PORTRAIT CO., 

O 46 W. 23rd St.. NEW YORK. 



BUSINESS EDUCATION AT HOME. 

CAMPBELL'S COMPLETE BOOK-KEEPING. 

OH nOOK-KEEPlNG !>!MPI.Il-lEi>. 

This is (leslirned to be A COMPLETE SELF-INSTKUCTING Text-Book of Single and Double Entry Kook-keepinB. The work is bo 
explained and Hrrangod so practically and business like that wltb the instruction by mail the science oT Book-keeping ciin be mustered at yi 
and savetbetlmeandexpenseof attendingabustnesscollege. Course contain! Rules and Exercises in JournaliKing, Postios &«., Huslness Ko: 
ineas Papers, Business Corre8pondeni.-e, Opening and Closlugr Sets in Double and Single Entry, Sets in MunuCucturlng, Farming &c. A good I 
education opens the -way to ptvj-ing positions. By thb method it can be mastered nt home. Distaoce no objection. Studcnta now regtstored from 
nearly every State and province. I'his work has met with uuexpeetwl success and should be iu the handsof every young person. Tbxt-Book with 
Kkv, Day Book, JoimsAL, Ledger, Balance Sheet Book n-ith One Month's instructions by mail. $5.00. Send stamps for circular and full 
paitleulars. Addivss J. B, CAMPltKLL, Boom .17. i:>4 Madison Ptrcet. Chicago. Til. 1-;| 



vfuily 



PACKARD'S PUBL ICATIONS. 

1. Commercial Arithmetic (Complete edition.) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard book on this 

subject. Used in over lOO business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal discount to 
scliools. 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

text-book before the country. Retiiii price. $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Pacl<arri's IMew Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, sirnple and complete treatise 

on Bookkeeping, arranged for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable te.\t-book. Retail price, $1. With proper 
discounts. 
Any one of these books sent to teachers for e.\amination at one-half retail price. 

M,'/i<'n ihii iinirnoK 



S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East 23d Street, New York. 










Ai?Usl Benmen and BUblishons, 

ZOZl^F(DADWAY 

N.r 












iP# MBMOI^mifS JfNll' feTJMONIflltS W^ 
mmMWK 01? IN HliBliM KOKM.p SPKgmii'Ic^: 



ejr / / // ' necufamtr/itar-wnt-Mt/t / 



AMES' COPY SLIPS are faM{/fi/ /jooi in some of the largest and best known schools of this country— schools that employ expert writing teachers of the best class. Could anything 
better be said in their fuvor f For SRLI'' INSTBUOTION this work has no equal. It tells the whole story— what to do— how to do it— how much to do ot one time— what not to do 
Thnnsaiids of office elerks owe their positions to it. Thousands of others could double their salary by improving their haud-writing from AMES' COPY SLIPS by home study. Price 50 cents 

AMKS' BEST PENS have made a wonderful reputation iu the two yeare they have been on the market, They are now used exclusively in a lai-ge number of schools and business 
houses. For the use of book-keepers, amanuenses and ofBce clerks they have no equnl. The price {35 cents for a quarter ; 11.00 a gross) is a little above the ordinary price, but this is largely 
more than conipunsHted for in the greater worth of Ames' Best Fkns. Special discounts for quantities. 

We bundle the best school black -Ijoanls [roll-bliick-boards. stone cloth, liquid slating, ett-.i; the Day T and Shading Square. College Currency that is approved by the U. 8. Govern- 
ment ; a Kivat variety of diplomas and certificate-s for all sorts of schools tor sjK'cially made to order). School invitations of the highest ortistic class made on short notice. Thousands of 
relief cuts in stork suitable for newspaper and circidar advertising. In short, we can supply everythinf/ that a Business College needs. 

State what you want as precisely as possible in your first letter, and ^end stamp for description and price list or estimate. Specimen diplomas for 2.1 cents. In asking for estimate of 
engraving your copy, send the copy in order that we may see if it will moke a tbod plate and eetimate exactly. 



WILLIAMS & ROGERS' ROCHESTER COIVIIV IERCIAL PUBLICATIONS. 

riir (Kipular, tcachalile, charming, beautiful series of text-boor; lor Business Colleges, Commercial Departments, and all Schools 

in which any features of the commercial branches are taught, comprising Bookkeeping, Commercial Arithmetic, 

Cnmmercial Law, I'lactical English Grammar anil Correspondence, Civil Government and Spelling. 



BOOKKEEPING. 

In a scries of four elegant books, 
which 150 000 h.ivc Ijeen sold durine 
piisl ciBlit years. Wc believe tfial 
other hook has done so much to promote 
Icrest in the study of this subject, am 
• before 
mendatic 



■ hns 



COMPLETE BOOKKEEPING 



less colleges of the 
It in use in a much 
ichools than any o 



nple 




of the book . 



■equii 



FIRST LESSONS IN BOOKKEEPING is s 
chiefly to sinRle entry, but explains and illus 
Kle to double-entry, and also contains a con 
some practical exercises under that method, 
of pupils, such as are usually found in distr 
profit by older classes, 



•y elementary book. It is devott 
;s the process of changing from si 
Le explanation of double-entry, wii 
lis book is designed for a young cla 
ichools. yet it may be studied wi' 



COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC. 



itinguishing feature ; 
lique treathienl of thi 
c phenomenal popula 



z that every business boy and 
, facility in performing arilh- 
;ndcr the pupil expert, are a 



[lore practical features of the su 
y it has secured. 

COMMERCIAL LAW 

is another wonderfully popular work. It is yet a new 
a hold on the commercial teachers of this country that is a 

Educational Ptil^lisliers, 






s hints upon the 
blc to every b, 
Id a larg. 



cation to itspublishers. It has been hish- 
ly complimented on account of the clear- 
ness of the language employed, the 
directness of its statements, the careful 
selection of topics and its typographical 
appearance. 

PRACTICAL GRAMMAR and 
CORRESPONDENCE. 

Is a unigut combination of lessons de- 
signed I 

application to written communications, 
ft contains just enough grammar to enable 
those who have not given the subject 
much study, to obtain knowledge of the 
more important facts ; and to impress upon 
those who have devoted some time to the 
study of grammar, and yet are careless in 
their utterances, the importance of accu- 
icy of expression. The corresponden 



and lit 



nd bu 



This 



sale 



SEVENTY LESSONS IN SPELLING. 

This little book ha 
Tiost every teacher kr 
)rds, and gives the definil 



s all about 



COMMERCIAL SCHOOL SUPPLIES. 

It should be understood, also, that we carry a large stock of Foolscap Paper, Pens, 
Rulers Pen-Holders, Figuring Pads, Blotting Pads, Blank Books for Bookkeeping, 
Business Forms, etc., etc., which arc excellent in quality and cheaper than the cheapest 

CIRCULARS, PRICE LISTS &c. 

Specimen pages of the books and our t aialogue, containing a complete list of our 
publications, as well as of the commercial supplies which we have in stock, and giv- 
ing special introduction prices, with wholesale and retail rates, will be mailed to 
the address of any teacher or school officer upon application. Addresa 



ROCHESTER, N. 



Y. 



Rubber Pen Extractor, 



. HOFfiTATTEH. 




-A. OH:JLnLiXjEN"C3l-E 



MEANS BDPINESS. Any one scndinn for any ot the follnwir - 

ssession a 8i .lilac one 1 1 carp iioi from whom) that e.vccls mine I will cm 
gitttjs and refund your money. 
A WRITTEN LETTER, - 30c. A SET OF CAPITAI.S. - i 

2 SETS OF CAPITALS, different 40c. 1 DOZ.FINE BBVEL CAHDS.: 

A PLOUHISH. EITHER BIRD. EAGLE. SWAN OR CRANE, - - £ 
E. M. CHARTIER. Prlnoi|.al feicHB Business ColloKC, PAais. Tesai 



irticles ami bos 




For Expert and Careful Writers. 
THIRTY-SIX Pens, Post- 
paid, THIRTY Cents. 



For Accountants & Correspondents. 

THIRTY-SIX Pens, Post-paid, 

THIRTY CENTS. 



Proprietors: IVISON, BLAKEMAN & CO., 753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 



n .^ 











Published Monthly 
, 202 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 pel 



PENMAN'S GAZETTE. 



Copyright. 1889, by D T AMES. 



NEW YORK, MARCH, 1890. 



Vol. XIV.— No. 3 











:?^ 



*^ 



- .^.tflulHUuusrXn.JifitriiiitiitiPkui'. -' ^^, 

- - ■ ' - naJ,. in, office- /, 
i<lioi\ (ot m^ tKi fiiqhappKviali 

■V t^.L tluHo,'? of 



intiiaii lOtran^ya'tiwuii: m'iS-10,\X/ HE R 



(HON:MEidusVflNia 



'#1^ 



• linwil ; 



-j,.r_:niii^ni''>i6niiu,1;,.u,,:;S''; ill lljr*inunitliAHii™ 

^J-r~<onsuuli-.-«.l|Mii li >) vast aiui (ill.n.) ri.o.iiytioifof isvi-ioEi. commcuSbW.-i 

u.r niiii' ni ;i liiijli iirnnr i.iLi ,nTr,ilinini?5Q-^'!'!^nwr ru'(iiililirnn Sislrirt Ilf llir llitjT 

mciis\l^o\\maUm^l(itproubaiDoi'imutbpofitiu/vaiA>i>5oaCi;jJii5|i^ 
.fi^piytl'." e™t Jii iiujrossD iopjiof ife prtoiiif f^aiib reso[:.lkms I't prtscnVti) to \\-tC 




■0M& 






"r 




BIRTH OF A BANK NOTE. 

Iloit lii-lf sam'i. "1. O. i;.'!." Arc 
nntiv - MUlNkc- and K»i«lioiirr.ly 
Kturtel) KiioHii. 

Wfinliington (hrrttpontirMe l^trc Yorli SUir. 



HEX a ni'w 

upon, the Su- 
periDtcndeDt of 
the Bureau of 
EograviDg has 



design prepar- 
ed If the dc- 
isii^n meets with 
the a]ipro\nI of 
the Seerotary of 
the Treasury it 
is handed over 
to the dozen or 
more different engravers to work on. Five 
or six men may be engaged on a single 
phite, and in this way any one man is pre- 
vented from reproducing the entire phite, 
should he be so diHposed. Ko die ever 
goes out of the sight of the officer respon- 
sible for it. The dies are put away every 
night in the safe in the presence of two or 
three em])loy(;8, and they are taken out in 
the morning also m the presence of two 
or three persons. 

If the engraver takfe, let us say, a vig- 
nette or a ])ortrait, he first has it reduced 
by the camera to the proper size he wishes 
to engrave. lie makes then a tracing by 
placing over the drawing a piece of gela- 
tine, and with a line etching tool scratches 
an outline in the gelatine. When the 
tracing is satisfactory he fills the lines 
with red chalk, and taking a steel plate of 
the finest quality and finish he lays upon 
the polished surface his " etching ground" 
of asphaltuin, burgundy pitch and bees- 
wax. This "ground," which has been 
rubbed and labbed over heated air uutil 
perfectly smooth, is then smoked over 'i 
giLs jet until the whole surface is a dead 
black. The die is allowed to cool, and 
the tracing is done upon the die reversed, 
subjected to the pressure of a roller. When 
the gelatine is removed the outline in red 
will be clearly seen on the "ground." 
The etching is now closed by a wall or 
border of beeswax and pitch and a solu- 
tion of nitric acid and water is then poured 
on the die. The acid bites the steel 
through the etched lines. For light-col- 
ori^d work the acid is quickly removed 
and the lines stopped with a varnish of 
nsphaUumaud turpentiuc. For dark work 
the acid jirocess is renewed until the re- 
quired depth of line is obtained. The 
plato is usually subjected to many minute 
alterations before it is pronounced satis 
factory. 

A die tlius finished is ready for the hurd- 
cniug process. This process is done by in- 
closing the die in an iron box, which is a 
little larger in size, with the spaces tilled 
with ivory black. The box and contents 
are subjected to a white heat, after which 
the plate is t4iken out and plunged into 
cold water. This latter process is called 
recarbouiiKing or tempering. 

The die is now ready for the transfer 
process, which is extremely interesting and 
ingeuidus in striking off " original " dies. 
.\fter the plate is placed upon the bed of a 
transfer press, a soft roll of decarbonized 
steel about three iuches in diameter is 
forced slowly and very carefully over the 
surface of the hardened die at an enormous 
pressure. The soft metal of the roil is 
actually forced into the lines of the die, 
thus transferring the impression of the die 
into high relief. The roll must be exactly 
fitted to the die, for the variance of almost 
11 hairs breath would ruin the plate, not 
only destroying the " original," but adding 



lines not in at all. The soft roll is then 
hardened, and can be used in a similar way 
to transfer as many impressions as may be 
required. Thus, we see how readily a 
great number of transfers from a single 
engraved plate can be made at a slight ex- 

The plate, after it is cleared and bur- 
ilu'd, is ready for the printing process. 
Hcquisition is made on the Secretary of the 
Treasury for paper. The Government in 
18(J9 adopted a special paper for its bills, 
the distinctive feature of which was a nar- 
row localized tint of blue fibre running the 
entire length of the sheet in such a man- 
ner as not to lessen its strength or inter- 
fere with the printing. But in 1878 an- 
other kino of paper, known as the " Crane 
patent." was adopted by the Treasury De- 
partment. The feature of this patent is 
that two silk threpds run the entire length 
of the sheet. The large sheets are counted 
more than a dozen times before they finally 
reach the printer's hands. 

The printer puts the sheets in packages 
of 10 or 15 each between wet cloths, in 
which condition they are allowed to re- 



pdumls per square inch is then applied, 
tjiving to the notes that fresh, smooth and 
crisp appearance. 

The seals on the notes arc printed from 
steel plat3s in red ink upon ordinary Hoe 
presses. The numbers are made by an 
automatic machine which can number up 
to 1,000,000. The letters and characters 
are printed before and after the numbers 
for the purpose of identifying the series, 
and also to prevent the prefixing or affix- 
ing of other numbers. The sheets are 
printed four notes to a sheet. 

The Bureau has a syste-n for numbering 
its notes. All numbers on being divided 
by four and leaving 1 for a remainder have 
the "check letter" A; 2 remainder, letter 
B; 'i remainder, letter C; while even 
numbers are lettered D. This rule is not 
without exceptions, but it will often serve 
to detect a counterfeit. 

The different issues of national bank- 
notes may be divided into three classes: 
First, the old scries bearing the small star- 
pointed seal, signed by F. E. Spinner; 
second, the series of 1874, signed by John 
C. New, A. U. Wyman and James GilfiU- 



THE JOURNAL'S AUTOGRAPH ALBUM. 




Btj A. J, Dalrymptet Fort Smith, Ark., Commercial College. 




Hij E. C. Mills, Denver City, Col., Business College. Aye 16. {Both Cuts Photo- Engraved.) 



main over night. The next morning, with 
a woman assistant, he carefully inks the' 
plates, only charging with ink the en- 
graved lines. He must, of course, under- 
stand the different shades of the parts of 
the plate, and must be able to control 
accurately the general tone and color of 
the vignettes and portraits by keeping the 
lines clear in his work of wiping off the 
plate. Sometimes a sheet of moist paper 
is first laid upon its face. The press is 
then revolved, and the paper is drawn with 
a strong pressure between the rollers, 
which are covered with blankets, and the 
plank, by means of cross arms attached to 
the press. Thus the paper takes up com- 
pletely every delicate line on the plate. 
At night the sheets must all be accounted 
for. 

The moist sheets are first taken to an 
air-tight drying-room, heated to 250 
degrees. The next day the sheets are 
again counted, and all imperfect ones are 
put a.side. The perfect bills or notes are 
polished by being placed between mill- 
boards, two sheets back to back between 
each board. A hydraulic pressure of 500 



an ; third, the series of 1882, bearing the 
chocolate-colored seal and signed by James 
Gillillan and A. U. Wyman. The series 
of 1875 have the charter numbers printed 
in large figures on each end of the note, 
while the 1882 series have the charter 
numbers engraved in small figures sur- 
ro-nding the face of the note. The Bureau 
puts four notes to a sheet, each with a dif- 
ferent check letter, while the counterfeiter 
has one plate, and prints from that alone. 

The work of trimming, counting and 
sorting the sheets is done by women. Each 
stage of the counting is marked by the 
initials of the counter, and the rapidity 
with which some of the employes can 
count the sheets \vithout making a mistake 
is something marvelous. The notes are 
done up in packages and then sent to the 
Treasury Department. We were told by 
an officer in the Bureau that from the time 
the sheet leaves the printer to the time it 
reaches the Department it is counte<l no 
less than 52 times. 

It is related with a sUow of pride how; 
in order to test the accuracy and efficiency 
of the system in vogue, Secretary McCul- 



loch ordered, without warning, the entire 
complicated machinery of the Department 
to stop immediately An account was at 
once taken, and every item, every sheet, 
every scrap of pajier was soon accounted 
for and found in its proper place. 

Indeed, the checks and balances in the 
Department are wonderfully accurate and 
efficient in this way: First, every package 
or scrap of paper is treated, from the mo- 
ment it enters the Bureau,as money. Sec- 
ondly, no package or sheet can pass from 
one hand to another, or from one Depart- 
ment to another, without a count and a 
receipt. The counter put-s his or her ini- 
tials on the band of the package, so that if 
a single sheet be missed, it can be quickly 
traced to the hand that received and re- 
ceipted for it last. Again, any error 
or discrepancy is traced out and rectified 
on the spot. No one would be allowed to 
leave until the accounts balanced to a cent. 

Thus there can be no such accident (for 
such it would be) as a defalcation, if the 
checks and balances are properly observed. 
The largest theft that ever took place in the 
Bureau happened some ten years ago. An 
employee in the loan branf-h stole $100,000 
G per cent, coupon bonds. He gave out 
that he had come into an "estate," re- 
signed his position and took up a fine resi- 
dence in New York He was shrewd 
enough to present only the coupons for 
the interest; but as he added figures, sus- 
picion was directed to them at once. In- 
vestigation proved his fortune to be a myth, 
and he was arrested, tried and convicted 
of his crime. Since then there have been 
a few other pttty thefts in the Department, 
but they were more or less accidents. 

Uoyal Aiilosrni>l>M< 

The Queen's signature to State docu- 
ments is still a model of firmness and legi- 
bility, no sign of her Majesty's advancecl 
age being discernible in the boldly writ- 
ten "Victoria R." which she attaches to 
such papers as have to bear the royal auto- 
graph, says the London liigaro. There 
are veteran statesmen living who will re- 
member that the question of the signing 
of state documents by the sovereign be- 
came one of considerable importance in 
the last months of George IV's reign. 

During this period his Majesty was in 
such a debilitated state that the writing of 
numerous autographs was practically im- 
possible for him, and under these circum- 
stances a short bill was hurriedly passed 
through Parliament authorizing the King 
to affix a facsimile of his autograph by 
means of an inked stamp. It was also 
provided, however, in the bill that George 
should, before stamping each document, 
give his verbal assent to it in a specified 
form. The Duke of Wellington was in 
office at the time, and it was often his 
duty to lay certain documents before the 
King for his approval. 

One day the " lion Duke." noticingthat 
his Majesty was stamping the papers be- 
fore him without repeating the prescribed 
verbal formulary, ventured to enter a re- 
spectful but firm protest. The King, 
much imtated, exclaimed: " What can it 
signify?" " Only this, sir," replied the 
Duke, "that the law requires it." George 
IV said no more, but at once began to re- 
peat the requisite formulary as he stamped 
each of the remaining documents. 



• Spc< 



ulUiiod El«e- 



Editoh op TiiK Jouknal; 

Have you ever thought of offering prizes 
to actual bookkeepers using the best pen- 
manship on their books — praetieal count- 
ing-house work ? Have them send speci- 
mens of ledger headings, &c., sales book, 
check writing, &c. A competition of 
this kind might interest a great many 
bookkeepers. 

W. D. JoirNSTQN. 

Pitt»lmrgh, Pa., Feh. 21. 

Warren II Larasoo, special instructor of 
drawing and penmanship in the public 
schools of Bridgeport, Conn,, is the author 
of a very practical (1) Index to Correct 
Position, (2) Sign>ds for Class Exercises, 
(U) Index to Correct Penholding. It is a 
simple compilation of rules and directions 
to pupils, and it seems to us has consider- 
able practical value. Published on a 
single sheet by A. 8. Barnes A Co.. New 
York, who doubtless will be glad to fur- 
nish those interested with further par- 
ticulars. 



^f5u<*^^ 



eiOlKXrCL^SS 



^^w«r 



TWO OF A KIND. 






vfUe Pe 



/Vo/". O. Washingtoti FiztUtop, Ui(e of Well- 

aware, Ohio. 
IJirnm Jinking, a tjenuin, 

Man.'' 
Scene,— Intorior of the Pui 
finllnnd ActunI BuslncflHUnivoniltj-. Professor 
Fl7.7.letop (liflcovered picking his teeth with an 
c>blii|ue i>en-holder. Loud knock at door, at 
which ProfcMoreouzCBhiipcn into the Ink-bot- 
tlr, draws it gracofully over his hair and as- 
sumes a etrikinR "actual business" attitude. 
Enter " Buflinew Man " eridently apltat«d. A 
moment's silence while R. M. lets out his sus- 
pendere to get breath. Then he says Imperl- 

C.VLLED to col- 
lect the bill for 
jthose six flag-bot- 







won't be trifled 

shell out the money or I 
take the chairs with me 

and have you arrested to 

boot. 
Prof. (Sweetly.)— Calm 

yourself, my dear sir, to- 

B. M. (Vehement- 
ly).— To-di'v, sir; now! You are a cheat 

iind a li * 

iVo/. — My good man 

B. M. — Don't interrupt me^ you got 
these goods under false pretenses. I've 
found nut all about you, sir. Just saw a man 
from Wellaware who said when you were 
forced to leave that place all you had to do 
was to spit on the fire and call your dog. 
Prof. — Poverty is no disgrace. 
B. M. — Poverty, sir, poverty I you im- 
pudent swindler — ha, ha! — that's good — 
ho. ho! — poverty, is it ? — he, he! (Draws 
from his pocket a crimson circular the size 
of a dinner napkin.) What do you call 
this, sir ? 

Prof. (Imperturbably.) — In that docu- 
ment I have the honor to behold the offi- 
tiiil prospectus, catalogue and hand-book 
of the Pimkinville Pen Art Hall and Act- 
ual Business Uni 

B. Jtf.— Fiddlesticks ! (Glances wick- 
edly at Professor and reads.) " The enor- 
mous growth, development and prosperity 
of Punkinville's great business- training 
university is wholly unprecedented in the 
history of business colleges of this country. 
On our arrival here three weeks ago we 
were met at the depot by a deputation of 
lending lawyers, doctors, preachers and 
business men, headed by the Mayor and 
the Punkinville Brass Band, who received 

us with wide " 

Prof. — Of course you remember — 
B. }f. — I remember nothing, sir; except 
being skinned out of my goods by you. Da 
yon mean to pay mc, or don't you! (After a 
slight pause resumes reading,) ''We are 
proud to announce that our faculty of ex- 
perienced instructors, the largest in the 
State, is supplemented by a corps of able 
lecturers (free to all holders of scholar- 
ships.) Y. M. C. A. library and gymnasium 
adjoining college building. Finest board 
in the coimtry for $1.25 a week, including 
tooth-picks and Sunday-school tickets. 
299 pupils enrolled the first day "—you 
miserable fraud, there never was that many 
people in Punkinville — 
ProJ.—^Mt— 

B. M. — No buts about it; there ain't 
any faculty but one red-headed, lop-eared, 
oily-tongued fraud— that's you. That 
measly looking boy chewing gum over 
there could count your 299 pupils on his 
fingers and never need to use his thumbs. 
You fork over the cash you bamboozled 
me out of or Pll expose— 
/»,„/■. —You would'nt— 
B. Jf.— (Shouting.) OyesI would, and 
•;!juI of the chance. You deserve it; and 
it's a solemn duty I owe. Listen to 
thi.s, 3'ou red-headed Ananias: "We 
have the best facilities in this country for 



tciching bookkeeping, single and lioubk* 
entry; arithmetic, higher mathematics, 
and the science of accounts; actual busi- 
ness writing, also special Normal Depart- 
ment for the education of writing teach- 
ers, engrossers, draughtsmen and profes- 
.sional pen artists; phonography, all lead- 
ing systems and stenograph " — what's 
that? Hold your tongue, sir! "Type- 
writing, any machine; commercial geog- 
raphy, civics, ethics of business," — shut up 
or ril break your head!— "special English 
department, &o,, &c. Long and short 
terms, with or without music, vocal and 
instrumental. Pupils may enter when 
they please, study what they please, and 
leave when they please; with the full 



W,,kly ilo..t,r and rends.) ••Punkinville 
wild with excitement! Men, women and 
children actually fight their way to our 
bargain counters" — which goes faster, 
clothes-pins or bitters ?— " Truck-loads of 
fine goods literally given away " 

B. M. — How dare you, you insolent 

Prof. — ''Large corps of affable clerks" 
— Oue-eyed Bill sitting on a soap-box, 
playing a mnuth-harp.- "Many times 
the largest and best-selected stock ever 
brought to " 

B. ^If.— This- is outrageous! 

I*rof. — Must have had a pull at the bit- 
ters before you came over — hey, old croco- 
dile '( Better mind. Your "corps of 
affable clerks " told me while he was saw- 




Card Design by M. B. Moore. Moryan, Ky. 



of receiving an elegant diploma 
and a fine posi" — 

i'ro/', —(Rising and spitting on his 
hands suggestively.)— Sir, you carry this 
too far. 

B. J/^,— (Astonished.)— What! Do you 
mean to defy — 

J-'/'o/'.— Just get out of this W. P. A. H. 
A. B. U, pretty lively, you cross-eyed 
old hyena, or Pll kick you out 

B. M. — I am amazed 

Prof. — O, none of that shenanegan, you 
superannuated hypocrite. Wasn't it you 
that yanked me out of the train before 
it had stopped and wheedled me into buy- 
ing your second-hand ramshackle chairs ? 
(Kicks a hole in the seat of one B. M. has 
just vacated, while latter retires to right,) 



ing wood in front of the "mammoth em- 
porium " last week that the last time you 
failed was because a rat gnawed through 
the candle box one night and cat up the 
stock. 

B. jlf.— Scandalous ! You shall dearly 
pay for this atrocious libel on Punkin- 
ville's business men and — 

Pi-of. — Crack your whip, old codger. 
Punkinville's "business men" are all 
right, but — 

B. M. — Pll have an opposition Business 
college running in a week. There are as 
reputable men engaged in that business as 
in any other. What a shame that it should 
be defiled by such as you, a — 

Pra/.— Anybody can call himself a 
" and still be, like you, a — 




Fancy Card Design by Fielding Schofteld, Quincy, HI. 



Didn't you pester me half to death to put 
your endorsement into my catalogue, and 
then work off an ad. for that one-horse 
junk-shop 

B. M.—U it possible that you allude to 
the Punkinville Bazar and Mammoth Ex- 
celsior Emporium ? 

Brof. — Bazar! You venerable baboon! 
Half a keg of clothes-pins and a bottle of 
vinegar-bitters. Emporium, did you 
say ? A bolt of paper cambric and nine 
bars of laundry-soap. 

B. .v.— Sir! 

Pj-o/.—Taik about lying! Why, old 
Mu chaiisen would have butted his brains 
out for envy had he run across the like of 
you. (Picks up a copy of the Punkiaville 



B. Jf.— Miserable hum- 
Prof. — Sniveling hum — 
B. .If.— Bug ! 
i^«/.— Bug ! 

Tableau, sloit mnitic, curtain. 



[Its 



s that both gentleman, though 



perhaps a Irifio impetuous, are Hght, Ther« 
can be no more honorable occupation than 
that of the business man,— merchant, for in- 
stance. Nor can there be a more honorable 
occupation than that of insti-ucting youugi 






I the principles and practices ( 



The British Museum has among it--* treasure; 
m alumnae three Ihousaiid years old. Th* 
lays are written in red ink nn papyrus, in eoi 

I 
of the weather for that day. 



Vocabulary of the Girl of the 
Period. 

In her speech the fashionable young 
lady has her vocabulary as she has her 
code. Latterly she has permitted herself 
the use of a good many English expressions. 
She says "fancy" always for "suppose," 
and she never says "guess;" she aays 
"chemist" for "druggist," "stop nt- 
tome" for "stay at home, "and she "tubs" 
oftcner than she " takers a morning bath," 
"Function" with her means any sort of 
social gathering, and a very gay ball be- 
comes a "rout." "Smart" expresses a 
considerable degree of excellence which 
she applies eejually to a wedding or a bon- 
net; "an awfully fetching frock or gown" 
is very English for an especially pretty 
dress. She likes the word "clever," too. 
When she sees a fine i)ainting she says: 
"That's a clever bit of canvas." She 
thinks Marshall Wilder is an "awfully 
clever fellow," and if you ask her does 
she bowl, she replies modestly: "Yes. 
but Pm not at all clever with the balls." 
Some phrases she leans rather heavily 
upon, notably "such a blow" when a 
rain postpones a visit or a friend dies, and 
" such a pleasure " alike to hejir Patti and 
spend a tiresome evening at the house of 
some acquaintance. She has, too, an in- 
dex expurgatorius which she is very care- 
ful to respect. There are no more "stores" 
for her, they have become "shops;" 
.'servants" also have ceased to exist as 
such; they are "men servants" and 
" maids," although she permits herself to 
designate as laundress, housemaid or but- 
ler; "gentleman " she avoids; " a man I 
know," she says, referring to a male ac- 
quaintance; or, "there were lots of de- 
lightful men out last night," she confides 
to some sister belle who missed the opera ; 
"all right" she never says, making "very 
well " do much better service, nor does 
she add "party" to dinner, speaking of 
such an entertainment ; her home no longer 
has a "parlor," pure and simple, but a 
"blue room," a "red room," a "Jap- 
anese room," or possibly an "East ^ra- 
\or.'' —Newport Letter to Philadelphia In- 



CnoiCE HEART! 




H, love, my love, hast 
forgotten the hour. 

By passion pervaded 
with a pulsating 
power ? 

How love rushefl up- 



nth ( 



quiv 



ering whoop. 
And enswatbed > 
wild swirlful swoop i 



But, alas ! love is dead, and the summer has 

Yet I still live to maudlinly mui-mur my moan 
In sibilant sfoozas of clangorous crash 
(Which I'll sell to some paper for cold, common 

—Ella Rives Wilcox in Terre Haute Express. 

A smart Yankee has put on the market 
what he calls the Yankee Pen Clip. It is 
nothing more than a fine wire spring that 
may be instantly adjusted to the under 
side of any pen. The spring holds the 
ink and feeds it out to the pen as you 
press the nib in writing. In this way you 
are enabled to write a page or two with 
one dip — practically a louutain pen for 
five cents. 

" Ames' Compendium is the best work on 
engrossing that I ever saw. No ornamental 
peuman can afford to be without it." — N. Pliil- 
brick. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

The price is t^, gentler" - 
free for ten subscriptioii 
each with premium, at $1 each. 



s [wpular the world ( 



, Ulan 



m Practical Writing.— 
No. lO. 



; ■■ tlic Work of Ibe Poiirlli 



For the pftst few weeks of the fourth 
ycnr the aamc general plan is continued iis 
that described in our last for the tliird, 
the principal difTerence being that more 
difficult corabinationfi of letters arc intro- 
duced, and a higher ^rrade of execution 
exacted. The name cuhimn rulings are 
retained, as is also the final slide. Words 
are chosen to fill the column. As soon, 
however, as the majority of pupils iji a 
school have reached a state of self-confi- 
dence and when the inelinatioD to drop 
the wrist or hand seems to have disap- 
peared, the slide is omitted and sentence 
writing begins. The weak or careless ones 
who will not keep the hand standing 
are kept upon word exercises terminating 
with slide OS before. No pupil of spirit 
will wish to be long included among the^e 
" word-writerB.'" 

PREPAnATION. 

7'fif imporhnice. of /oretJwvf/fit ami prr- 
piinit-rii m-fi"" on the part of the pupil 
.■,h.H,l<l ,i. r< r I; /".-it night of. Both mental 
11,1,/ f/ii/.ur.i/ I'll /•oration are necensarj/ to 
tht hcxt rf8iilt». Mental preparation con- 
sists Ijrst of a critical examination of the 
copy, and second, the planningof its execu- 
tion, in which the nature (curved or 
straight), direction and size of the motion, 
the amount of force, rate of speed, &c,, 
necessary to produce the required result. 
The muscles are then set in motion, their 
movements conforming as far as consistent 
to those used in the introductory strokes 
of the letter or exercise. To wriU an 
accurate letter the pupil must think an 
accurate letter, plan an accurate letter, 
ond n»c precision in Xiispi-eparatorymotion. 
If he is inclined to make a letter too short 
he is told to think a higher letter, and to 
think to push harder or reach higher next 
time, or if too long to think it shorter, to 
think not to push so hard, or reach so far, Ac. 
No change can be brought about without 
thought, hence we are constantly vibrating 
the one word think, think, think! 

THE MIND*S WOHK. 

We teach the pupil that a indl-planned 
letter is nearly completed be/ore hin pen 
toufhcs the paper, that his mind is re- 
sponsible for the action of his muscles, 
that both the form of the letter and the 
productive motion should be thought 
over and the execution planned hejore 
moving a mvgele of the wnting machinery. 
To demonstrate this we place the N and 
the U upon the board, calling attention 
to the fact that they each require the 
same number of counts. We then set the 
class to work in concert, first telling them 
to write whichever letter is named. To 
regulate their time we count 1, 2, for the 
preparatory revolutions, then name the 
letter, sounding it upon the poaing-board, 
thus: 1, a, N, 1, 2. N, 1, 2. N, &e. After 
writing a few N's and no U's the natural 
conclusion is reached that no U's are to be 
written. Presently the signals 1, 2, U 
are given, with no break in time. TIr' 
result is that everybody either " flics the 
track" or writes another N. The cause 
is apparent. Having planned the N, 
having had that letter io mind, and hav- 
ing prepared the muscles for writing N, 
that letter had to eome. There was no 
time between signals for the mind to coun- 
termand its instructions to the muscles 
and for the necessary change in their 
preparation. 

But, suggests a pupil, "that was not 
fair. I thought you were going to say 
N." Certainly he did, and that thought 
was parent to the result. '• Well," we 
remark, '* we will try something else. 
Look at your work. How many have 
made the latter half of the N too short ?" 



The hands are raised. ■ ' Those whose hands 
arc up may give that part of the letter 
special attention next time." "How 
many have m-ide the latter part too wide ?" 
Hands appear. " You must think of that 
part when you write again. Now try 
again." Pupils then write. " How many 
now have made the correction under 
taken?" A show of hands. " How did 
you do it ?" Answers. "By thinking." 
Thus they convince themselves that a well 
th&tight and properly planned letter is in 
reality shaped in the mind and muscles 
before it is remit/ to drop upon the paper, 
and that in order to make a good letter 
they must think, plan and prepare in 
aitnance. 

If execution begins before the plans are 
completed, then hesitancy is sure to fol- 
low. This cannot fail to embody ilaelf 
in the movement, and thus affect the re- 
sult. There is not sufficient time allowed 



In proportion to a pupil's fear of spoiling 
something, is this muscular tension in- 
creased. Cut 4 shows a lifeless position 
without sufficient firmness to be relied 
upon for precision. 



Letters of unusual slant or forms require 
special treatment. Among small letters 
we find few which cause pupils more 
trouble than the pointed oval family. We 
attribute this to the unusual slant given to 
the down stroke in the oval, and to its 
lack of conformity in shape to other ele- 
ments. The natural tendency of the hand 
to start for base in the usual direction 
given to down strokes must be counter= 
actea. We have found that the bvnlding 
and tracing plan gives special emphasis to 
both the form and slant of the oval. This 
building scheme is used in all grades, and 
applied to all classes of both small and 







/9^ 




e Cuts Illustrating Professor Hoff's Avcoinpu>iying Lesson 
Engraved from Copy by the Aulhor. 



for execution to admit of planning " as 
you go." Forethought alone will insure 
satisfactory results. 

Still more uses for the little indispen- 
sable posing-board. A tap upon this is 
usually sufficient to turn all eyes in that 
direction. The teacher drops his hand 
upon its side, as in cut 1, throws a mean- 
ing glance in the direction of those whose 
positions he is imitating, then slowly 
raises it to an erect position, as in cut 2. 
Following a very natural impulse, the 
"lazy hands" are thus by imitation 
brought to a working position. In like 
manner the cramped or the lifeless posi- 
tions are imitated and the cause of the 
mistake indicated, then that position is 
assumed which is seen in cut 2, aa a model 
for imitation. 

That position seen in cut 3 is caused by 



capital letters. We begin by writing the 
small i three spaces high, upon which we 
build the a as seen in exercise 1, tracing 
each alternate letter. Exercise 2 is used 
in extreme ciises, where it seems unusually 
hard to "3t,irt off "in the proper direc- 
tion, or where pupils are inclined to round 
the tops of their ovals. Next, the size of 
the exercise is reduced as iu No. 3, which 
is then used as a basis upon which may be 
built the w, a, q, gand the figure 9. The 
i, and t are combined as in exercise 13, 
and used as a basis for exercise 14. Exer- 
cises such as (J, 9, and 12 are given for the 
sake of securing freedom in lateral sweeps, 
and at the same time precision of giant. 
The latter object is more easily accom- 
plished by placing the i before such as the 
loop and stem letters, and th<i r and s. 
Exercises 8, U, 18 and 19 are arranged to 
give special drill upon the r, s. a, d, and g. ' 




At the Paris Stamp Market. 



Arthur Maury's Paris J^ynftinite 
Itttrr. 
THERE exists in Paris n 
regular market or ex- 
change for old stamps, 
It is held every Sunday 
afternoon in the Avenue 
Gabriel, Champs Elysees, 
and is attended by some 
fifty or sixty persons of 
all ages and social .<!taud- 
ings. Among the numbei' cart be seeti 
such famous collectors us M. PhilHppe de 
Ferrari, son of the Duchess of Galliera, the 
Baron Arthur de Rothschild, Dr. Legrand, 
Mr. Campbell, Mr. T. Tapling, Mr. Castle 
and M. Marco del Punt. 

It is astonishing what anumberof stamp 
collectors there are in the world. It is a 
passion which did not come into vogue 
until 1881, but since that year it has 
spread everywhere. Twenty-five years ago 
the divers stamps to he obtained did not 
exceed five hundred. Nowadays some 
albums contain at least three thousand. 
In the Berlin Museum there are 4500 speci- 
mens, so it is said, of which 2460 are Eu- 
ropean and 1147 from America. 

The American schoolboy that prides 
himself on having the biggent collection of 
postage stamps in his native village, town 
or county will bear with envy that the 
French Navy Depaitiuent In Paris has 
amassed not meiely a huge album, but a 
gigantic library of such precious trifles. 
It is the largest collection in the world. 
This, of course, is public property. 

The most valuable of all private collee* 
tions belongs to M. Philippe de Ferrari of 
the Galiera family, who regularly attends 
the Paris mart to enrich his album. This 
family souvetilr has already cost more than 
1300,000, or 1,500,000 france. How much 
more will be spent on this costly luxury 
will depend on the combined influences of 
the future war with Germany, the influ- 
enza, the attitude of General Boulauger 
and the Floquet Ministry. For, if the 
Preuch Republic goes to the dogs, it seems 
fair to infer that this album or this series 
of albums, will share the same fate. The 
acquisition of stamps seems to be the only 
object for which M. Ferrari considered 
his mother's miUioos good eiiov;gh ♦o be 
spent, for he has been known to pay froni 
$400 to $500 for a collection from which 
he wanted only a single stamp. 

Meanwhile, the Rothschilds, as a main- 
stay or safeguard of their fortunes, have a 
collection of postage stamps valued at 250,- 
000 francs, an asset which might be used 
ns collateral security if the great firm 
should ever have to borrow cash from Jay 
Gould or the young Vanderbilts. 

If these figures seem Incredible, you 
have only to attend the mart. Not the 
least curious sight in Paris is the weekly 
gathering in the broad alley' of the 
Champs-Elysees. of these postage stamp 
collectorp, trading and selling their jire- 
cious bits of paper. This passion has mo- 
nopolized the hfe of more than one man 
and eaten up more than one fortune. Yet 
nothing to an outsider reveals the mo- 
mentous matter at issue. There is no fuss, 
no noise, no bidding or bawling as at the 
Paris Bourse or Stock Exchange. 

Every bargain is transacted quietly. 
Signs often take the place of words. A 
would-be buyer approaches ; the seller 
opens his stamp-book and silently turns 
over its well-stocked leaves. Occasionally 
the price of a fctamp is requested. If a 
bargain is struck the stamp is detached 
aud handed the buyer, who pays and turns 
to another book or goes his way. People 
here, both young and old, mean business, 
and there is just enough community of 
thought between the parties to render their 
commercial relations of an ideal order. 
Let it be remembered that every square 



inch of a postage-stamp album costs 
money. And sooietimes a five-dollar gold 
piece will not be enough to purchase some 
old stamp which, when new, was worth 
but a single cent or a single sou. Indeed 
♦■') would ht " dirt cheap'' for some special 
favorite and coveted stamp, which is hard 
to be got. There are, for instance. Bra- 
zilian stamps, DOW out of print, that would 
fetch from $5 to $10 apiece if offered for 
sale in Pari?, Chicago or Sao Francisco, 
A certain English stamp, issued in IS40. 
bearing the letters V. R. (Victoria Re- 
gina), 19 now so rare that it will bring in 
London, Quebec, Montreal or the United 
States OS much as $40. What is known 
as the blue stamp of Xaplcs, 1850. is now 
worth between $50 and $60. 



CommiRsiou rejected them and adopted 
another design. There are collectors who 
believe that some of these MacMahon 
stamps got into circulation; hence they 
are supposed to be without price, as valu- 
able, in fact, as one or two '' Victoria and 
Albert " penny stamps, which some people 
also confidently believe were not destroyed, 
although never officially issued. 

Transactions were brisk on Sunday, and 
the market opened with ready offers for 
cash. A five-cent violet stamp, of Bolivia, 
1^67, canceled, brought $8, a ten-cent 
brown Bolivia, 18U7, sold for $»; while a 
blue Bolivia fifty cent stamp of 1867 went 
for $6.50. A Brazil stamp for 180 reis, 
1845, found a willing purchaser at $4. A 
set of British Columbia and Vancouver's 



all twcntv-two varieties^ found a buyer at 
$24.20. About the best price obtained 
was for a set of entire Plympton envelopes 
of all varieties, die, color and size, ninety- 
six in all, which brought $52.80. Some 
match and medicine stamps (150 varieties 
in all) found a purchaser at $9.75. 

What the market has chiefly to guard 
against is fraud. Counterfeit foreign stamps 
abound, and the sharpest eye is sometimes 
unable to detect the difference. A verita- 
ble crisis occurred a few years ago, and 
stamp collectors in all parts of Europe were 
considerably excited over the discovery 
that a couple of rogues had been swind- 
ling the " bulls " and " bears "on the Paris 
Stamp Exchange.lt is known tbatAfghanis- 
tan stamps are dear to the hearts of all true 



THE PENMAN'S LEISURE HOUR. 




I Fielding Schofield, Oem City Bus. College, Quincy, III. Original 15 x 18. Photo-Engraved. 



In order to make these prices seem cheap 
and inviting to the general reader, I will 
add that there is a "lost pleiad," so to 
speak, in the shape of a postage stamp 
issued by the Government of British 
Guiana in 1856, wUch now commands at 
public auction about two hundred and 
fifty dollars. A stamp as rare as that 
saUmandrine reptile called a sourd, which 
French boys spend so much time eagerly 
hunting for in broken ground or heaped 
stones, although known to be quite invis- 
ible and unattainable is the MacMahon 
stamp. When the Marshal was President 
of France his wife was very anxious to 
see his image set in stamps, and some such 
designs were prepared; but the Postal 



Island stamps, ten varieties, sold for $5 ; 
while a one ceut stamp, carmme, of Brit- 
ish Guiana, 1851, was bought up at $6; 
a four cent stamp of British Guiana, blue, 
of 1851, was purchased at $10. Some 
Buenos Ayrean stamps of 1858 were sold 
for $7. Cape of Good Hope and Ceylon 
stamps exchanged hands at $5.75 and 
$5.85; English tenpenny stamps of the 
first issue sold for $4.25. A set of Nor- 
way stamps (thirty varieties) sold for 
$10.50. An unsevered pair of St. Louis 
stamps were disposed of for $20.50. A 
set of uncut War Department envelopes 
(thirty-four-) varieties went for $38.25, and 
a set of uncut United States envelopes, in- 
cluding six six cent, fourten cent, &c., (in 



collectors. The first stamp ever used in 
that country appeared in 1870-1871 (Mo- 
hammedan date. 1288), during the reign 
of Sbere AH. It is a large circular stamp, 
with the head of a tiger in the center, and 
the value written in characters above^ this 
head. Other issues appeared in subse- 
quent years, but all such stamps are ex- 
tremely scarce, and therefore valuable. 

The brilliant idea of personally profit- 
ing from these facts occurred to one Hafez 
Hamed. who came to Paris and proceeded 
to the old Stamp Exchange in the Avenue 
Gabriel, where he informed buyers that 
the ex-Postmaster-General of Cabul had 
arrived in Marseilles, but that in one of 
his trunks, still retained at a port in thi- 



Persian Gulf, were stamps of the early 
issues, particularly those issued in 1293. 
aud valued at from $25 to $200. Hafez 
said that he had written to the ex-Post- 
master-General to telegraph to the port 
and have his trunks forwarded without 
delay, and that immediately on their ar- 
rival he would be in a position to furnish 
collectors with some rare stamps. Just 
nine days later a letter reached Hafez 
stating that the luggage had arrived, and 
very soon afterward the Afghan stamps 
were in the market. 

Of course they were bogus, which fact 
was soon discovered, thanks to the shrewd- 
ness of an English gentleman living in 
Paris, who, knowing that it was impossi- 
ble for a vessel to come from the Persian 
Gulf to Marseilles in nine days, made a 
close study of one of the stamns. He got 
Hafez to write for him the aduress of the 
Postmaster-General of Cabul, and this ad- 
dress was made in characters that neither 
Dgcmel ed Din, the "learned Afghan," 
nor any Arab, Egyptian, or Oriental in the 
French capital could read. They all said 
that not a single postmaster in Afghanistan 
would be able to do so either. 

Moreover, some of the stamps were 
obliterated in red ink, and the postmark 
was almost as visible im the back as it 
was on the front of the envelope. Now, 
as a matter of fact, postage stamps in 
Afghanistan are not sold to' the public as 
in Europe; it is the invariable rule for the 
natives to take their letters to the office 
aud money with them to pay the postage; 
the stampseller takes both letter and 
money, and, having first torn off a piece 
of the stamp, sticks it on the envelope 
and the operation is ended. This method, 
known to the Paris collectors, was over- 
looked by Hafez Hamed and his accom- 
Slices; hence the forgery was very soon 
iscovered, and Hafez had to seek refuge 
inflight. _ 

mark Twain to lh<> Aiitotfrapli Plend. 

Mark Twain thus recently wrote to an 
autograph collector in response to a re- 
quest for his signature: 

" I hope I shall not offend you; I shall 
certainly say nothing with the intention 
to offend you. I must explain myself, 
however, and I will do it as kindly as I 
can. What you ask me to do I am asked 
to do as often as one-half dozen times a 
week. Three hundred letters a year I 
One's impulse is to freely consent, but 
one's time and necessary occupations will 
not permit it. There is no way but to 
decline in all cases, making no exceptions, 
and I wish to call your attention to a 
thing which has probably not occurred to 
you, and that is this: That no man takes 
pleasure in exercising his trade as a pas- 
time. Writing is my trade and I exercise 
it only when I am obliged to. You might 
make your request of a doctor, or a builder, 
or a sculptor, and there would be no im- 
propriety in it, but if you a-sked either for 
a specimen of his trade, his handiwork, 
he would be justified in rising to a point 
of ordpr. It would never be fair to ask a 
doctor for one of his corpses to remember 
him by." 

Aud all this the humorist wrote on the 
type-writer, signing his name. The auto- 
graph collector's feelings may he imng- 



Business colleges and schools of every kind 
who may require special diplomas may gain 
by sending in theu' ordei-s now while tins kind 
of work is a little slack. Don't wait for the 
" rush " season. We can give yon more work 
for the money now. We lielieve that no bouse 
in this country has so good facihties for dip- 
loma work as oui-s, and these special faciHties 
enable us to keep way under the market in 
price. It costs nothing to let us figure on a 
special diploma for you. We also keep iu stock 
a variety of diplomas suitable for use in any 
school without change, except filling out the 
blanks with a pen. Sample diplomas, 25 cents. 

Tli.i-'WH ri.iv 1 i.mbiiiationotbu.'iiness men 
(it sii.niiiiilM:i|j, liiwa— Kinsley & Stephens, 
Ijiiiiiii-, imiih-lii I -, liKokseUersond stationers. 
Pretty iiukIi uli ot us ai-e familiar with the 
front end of this combination, aud he is in 
good company. The firm will treat you right; 
if they don't, charge It to us. Further par- 
ticulars in adv. columns. 

It is an interesting announcement to lovers of 
fancy penmanship — that in another column of 
a forthcoming compendium of flourishing. Re- 
meml>er that subscription books for the work 
are now open and if you are interested let us 
have your order now. This is to aid us In fix- 
ing' the size of the edition which will not be 
largely in excess of advance orders. It is not 
necessary tliat you send the money until the 
book is ready; it is the order we want 



Comparative Calibre. 





X 




< , 



t 



' ME OPINIONS of a 
nt-ral nature which 
me from the public 
large raiiflt nlways 
taken with a grain 
nf sftU. What is re- 
u'lirdcd by some as a 
iiurk of excellence is 
lot worthy H passing 
lotice by others. Di- 
.iTsififd opinions are 
a natural product of 
the soil, and when 
properly reekoned 
serve a very small pur- 
pose in the great ag- 
gregate of wise conclusions. Indifferent, 
poor, fair, good, excellent and superior 
are relative terms with as many shades of 
meaning as there are representatives. The 
scale is interpreted differently in different 
latitudes, and even in the same locality 
I here is no harmony. The source of an 
npinioD has much to do with its calibre. 
The calibre of an opinion is in proportion 
to its comparative proper relation with all 
subjects under consideration. 

If one says the child writes, reads, walks, 
talks, sings, &c., well or ill, the conclu- 
sion (if below the surface) is reached with 
ilirect reference to age, circumstances and 
conditions. If the statement be false then 
we have a living representative showing 
tliat comparative calibre is in the voca- 

Tlie wisdom of a conclusion is very 
rarely reached. 

With the best care and attention of the 
professional teacher how well should pupils 
(live and six years cf age) write who have 
been in the public school for one year % 
How well for two. three, four, five, six, 
seven, eiglit, nine, ten years ? 

Make this application to reading, arith- 
nielie, language, &c., and what is your 

What care is necessary to secure an equal 
physical development? Is not each of equal 
importance ? 

If a pupil can he taught tn read in four 
months, should (or can) the same pupil be 
liiuffht to write ? If taught, how much ? 
What should be the ability of the average 
child, in writing, who can add and sub- 
tract simple combinations ? 

Please bear in raind that we are discus- 
sing comparative calibre. If a pupil's 
strength is n known quantity in one direc- 
tion, shoidd it not be known in anoiher '{ 

With seemingly proper eare and persist- 
ent repetition, why do we find a large per 
cent, of pupi.s of our public schools at ten 
and twelve years not familiar with the mul- 
tiplication table ? How well should a pu- 
pil be able to write who knows to a dead 
rcrtainty the multiplication table and its 
practical application V Is it possible for 
any one to possess great skill in writing 
Jind yet partially understand long di- 

Are we of the opinion that anyone thino 
run be learned at the entire expense of 
evorytliing else ? 

Wh\ should we hold up our hands in 
expressed istonishmmt at poor rciuits in 
writing without sonu basis of cilcul ition ? 
bjnoraucL of expression and hollowncss of 
idi-as are not c nfined to the children in 
the 1 >wer grades of om public schools It 
it e4ia> to compl nn lud find fault but who 
shall do so with a judgnitnt which will 
|ioint to improvement bv indicating some 
better course to follow ? 

With the bmt instruction in languige 
why do we lind pupils m our grammir 
grade sa\ ing It s mt I seen him do 

it," and hundreds of similar expressions \ 
I am aware that m isolated tases we see 



one thing secured at the *;xpensc of 
another, but does this warrant an opinion 
for the many ? I am also aware that the 
course of study demands certain work to 
be written, but there arc no explicit direc- 
tions as to how well the work must be done. 
I am also aware that some pupils write 
better than others and learn much easier. 
That this fact is more applicable to writ- 
ing than to reading, arithmetic, language, 
Ac. I do not know. I am conscious that 
we have good writers, excellent writere, 
superior writers, fair writers, poor writers, 
and indifferent writers. Hut I am none 
the less so when the test is applied to any 
other branch of an English education. 

Few things are done well. As many 
write well as talk well. As many write 
well as read well. As many write well as 
walk well. As many write well as do any- 
thing else well. Indifferent, poor and 
fair in everything claim the largest per 
cent. Why should we look for results in 
writing which are inconsistent with results 
in everything else ? 

I ask for fair judgment, not ignorant 
complaint. Proper teaching with sufti- 



hiive appciirfi.1 at one time or another in 
The Journal. In other words it will be 
a compendium of what is technically 
known as "flourishing," and is simply 
offerwl as a work of this kind — a scrap- 
book of fancy specimens without text. 

But what a volume it will be! Com- 
pared with it, all other books of the same 
character that have ever been published, 
if rolled into one volume, would not begin 
to match it in the number and variety of 
the specimens, nor, taken as a collection, 
in the quality. This may be stated with 
entire confidence, since it will contain the 
best work of practically all who have ever 
contributed to any similar or kindred pub- 
lication that has appeared at least within 
fifty years. By way of seasoning and for 
purposes of comparison, it will also have 
a sprinkling of the art as it was practiced 
in old times. 

So far as it is made up to date the list 
of authors, many of them with a number 
of specimens, is as follows: 

A— D. T, Amea 

B-H. S. Blanchard, J. H. Barlow, M. E. 
Blackmon, E. L. Burnett, L. A. Barron. 



space that remains. Avoid lettering or 
text of any kind. If you are interested let 
us hear from you. 

The size of the page will be 8 x \\\ 
inches. The very finest quality of "plated" 
paper will be used and the book bound in 
three ways: stiff paper binding, price %\.\ 
board binding, $1.25; fine cloth and gilt, 
fl.riO. Prices include postage. In its 
mechanical make-up as well as its contents 
we promise the finest Iwok of the kind 
that has ever been made. 

If this work meets with a response that 
we think it should, it will be the first of 
a series, embracing sciipt, lettering, de- 
signing, &c. It is of course something o 
an experiment, and as the expense is heavy 
it is our intention to limit the edition as 
nearly as possible to the demand for it. 
For that reason we retpiest all who are 
interested in such a work to the extent of 
becoming purchasers to send us their 
orders immediately. It is not necessary 
that you send the money until the book is 
ready, but as the number of advance orders 
will fix the edition, those who send their 
names wall be sure of getting the book. 



i £iA^^^i€-€.dy^. 









.-c^i£^..^^^'^2^i-^^ 



1 Coinj Book No. 8, New Cum 



i4^ 



I P. Spencer. [By Permh 



cient attention to the subject, combined 
with the necessary application on the part 
of the pupils, will show equal results to 
that of everything else; what more is ex- 
pected, what more should be desired ? 



For Admirers of Fancy Pen- 
manship. 

-_g__ N the thirteen years that 
'^f/jUaHJ^ The .TnuitNAi, has been 
<^JBm^^k published there have ap- 
peared in its columns 
thousands of engravings, 
illustratingdifferent phases 
of the penman's art. It is 
not too much to say that 
practically all the leaders 
in this line in this country 
during the period named 
are represented in these 
specimens. The number 
also includes some who 
died before The .JouKN.u, was born. 

We have frequently been urged by lov- 
ers of fine penmanship to preserve these 
contributions by the acknowledged masters 
of the art by putting them in compact and 
convenient book form. We have deter- 
mined to make a start in this direction. 
A volume will appear in the course of a 
month or so, to be known as The Jotir- 
NAL s Scrap Book op Fi ourishing The 
book will be a collection of ornamental 
specimens the cream of the hundreds that 




C— W. S. Chamberlain, A. A. Clark, H. C. 
Clark, C. N. Crandle, P. E. Cook, C. 8. Chap- 
man. P. R. Cleary. 

D-A. W. Dakin, W. L. Bean, J. B. Duryea, 
W . E. Dennis. 

F— D. H. Fariey, H. W. Flickiuger. 

0— W. F. Geisseman. 

H-G. W. Harman, A. H. Hinman. S. A, D. 
Hulm. H. A. Howard. 

I -E. K. Isaacs. 

J — J. W. Jones. 

K— H. W. Kibl)e. L. M. Kelchner. Knapp 
RigLtmyer. 

L— E. B. Leland. 

M— M. B. Moore, D. L. Musselman, U. S. 
Mortland, C. C. Maring, Uriah MeKee. J. C. 
Miller. 

N-Anna Ninton 

fi-E. H Robins, A. T. ReynoULs. 

8-'J. L. Stubbs. Fielding Siofiehi, A. H, 
Steadman, Lyman P. Spencer, H. W. Shaylor, 
Piatt R. Spencer, Jr., John Seddon. 

V— J. W. Van de Venter. 

W--John D. Williams, J. A. Wesco, T. T, 
Wilson, S. R. Webster, Eloaser Wigan, B. F- 
Williams. 

Z— C. P. Zaner. 

In all the number of specimens shown 
will be about 125. Thirty-five of these 
will he whole page specimens, about 70 
half page, and the rest smaller. We have 
still three or four pages to be filled with 
the best flourished specimens that may be 
received by April 1st, and should be 
pleased to receive contributions from those 
who are not represented in the list above 
bpecimens that will exceed 4x0 inches 
when engraved cannot be bandied m the 



We are therefore anxious to hear from you 
at once. Be sure to specify the kind of 
binding that you wish. 

A New Talking Machine. 



Kfoph. 

A dispatch from Berlin to the New York 
Wmltf of P'ebruary 5 conveys the intel- 
ligence that Thomas A. Edison, the in- 
ventor of the phonograph, has been beaten 
in competition in that city by a man 
named Berliner, with a talking machine 
called the gramophone. 

The intelligence is in a manner softened 
by the fact that Berliner is an American 
citizen and is a resident of Washington, 

Emile Berliner is an inventor and elec- 
trician of some note. His gramophone is 
said to require two processes to be gone 
through with before the impressions which 
are taken on his plate can be reproduced in 

Edison's phonograph pnly requires one 
process. The instrument which the Wiz- 
ard pitted against the gramophone is said 
to be the same one which was exhibited at 
the Paris E.xposition, and is a decidedly 
inferior machine to the ones which are in 
use about this city to-day. 

The gramophone is Berliner's own in- 
vention and when he recently exhibited it 

this country it could not compare to the 




/ J I > If t J g fur H ol Jllu I 



The machine consists of a polished plate, 
generally of zinc, the surface of which is 
coated by a preparation of pure yellow 
beeswix digested in cold gasoline or ben- 
zine This plate is fastened horizontally, 
with the coated surface upward, to a shaft 
which revolves by means of clockwork. 
Bearing down upon the oil-coated surface 
is a stjlus, tipped with iridium to prevent 
abrasion by the friction with the j>Iate, 
whieh 13 called the recorder. The stylus 



1 -iOIKNAI. 



communicates with a membranous tym- 
|)aitum, which is thrown into vibration by 
the voice or sonnd (hroiigh a conied tube 
with a tin, funnel- shaped mouth. Into 
this n-outh the operator sings or speaks. 
The membranous tympanum is thrown 
into vibration, and in turn the stylus 
makes marks on the plate or recorder, 
which is being revolved by clockwork. 

After the eff"sioD8 of the operator hav« 
been recorded the clockwork is removed, 
(he stylus and tympanum give way to a 
similar but smaller contrivance called the 
receiver, and a shaft, turned by means of a 
wheel, with a turning handle attached, is 
fixed to the shaft upon which the record- 
ing plate is fastened By means of this 
wheel the recordmcr plate is revolved, the 



as to obliterate the metallic harshness 
which marred the performances then. 

It is difficult to say whether Edison was 
really and fairly beaten. Siemens and a 
number of other distinguished people were 
present at the competition in Berlin, The 
Wizard will probably uow goto work and 
endeavor to make a talking machine that 
will throw the gramophone into the shade. 

EDUCATIONAL NOTES. 

ContribittlonB for this Department may be 
sed to B. F. Kellev. odice of The Pen- 
Aht JoDiiNAL. Urlef educational items 

One tbiiil of the a4,U8 uiiivei-sity atudeuts 
of Germany are Jews, 

A fencing club has been orgajiizedat Colum- 
bia College with a large membership. — Ex. 



addreBsedtoB. F. K: 
MAN'S Ar- 

sollclted.] 



the only Presideut who bad a military educa- 

New York City educates about tluTW him- 
dred thoiLsand children annually, in one hun- 
dred and thirty-four school builihngs, cover- 
ing an area of thirty-five acres. These build- 
ings placed side by side would extend more 
than two mileH. There are about four thous 
and teachers, and the annual expense of these 
schools is about four million dollars. 

The Russians have tmpi~oved on the sleeping- 
coacbes of the railways and tbe perambulating 
schoolmaster of the rural regions. They have 
provided a school wagon, which is furnished 
with a room for the teacher, a class room or 
study, and a library, all suitably supplied with 
the necessary material. This wagon will beon 
the line of tbe Trauscaspian Railway all the 
year round, remaming as long as may be 
deemed necessary at districts which oi'e not 
provided with a school. 




Bij Cliarh-s F. John 



■I^SMff. Orifjinal, 15 .r Ifi. Done Eutirelu with a Pen. Phofn-E»ora>-,d. 



recei*.<er tnkes from the grooves upon the 
plate the vibrations before recorded, and 
the sound issues out of the tin funnel 
mouth. 

Before the sound is reproduced, an etch- 
ing process must be gone through with, 
thus making the machine a complicated 
affair compared with the simple phono- 
graph. The reproductions are clear and 
distinct, but a metallic ring mors the nat- 
ural sound of the voice. 

At the exhibition in this country several 
people spoke into the mouth-piece and 
several musical selections were played for 
recording. They were all reproduced 
clearly and distinctly. Mr. Berliner said 
at that time that his machine was not per- 
fect, but he hoped to have it so improved 



It is reported from Copenhageu that there 
m'e so many licensed female teachers in Den- 
mark, that if vacancies were filled according to 
date of license, tbe youngest giadiiate on the 
present list would receive an appointment in a 
public school forty yeai-s hence. 

America is the only country in the world 
that spends more money on her schools thau 
upon her standing army and preparations for 
war. Great Britain does not spend one-third, 
France oue-niuth, or Prussia one twenty-ninth, 
as much upon tbe schools as upon the army. 

Presidents Cleveland, Jackson, Van Bui'en 
Taylor, Fillmore, Lincoln and Johnson had no 
college training. Presidents Monroe and Tyler 
were educated at William and Mary; John 
Quincy Adams, at Harvard; Pierce, at Bow- 
doiu ; Buchanan, at Dickinson ; Hayes, at 
Kenyon; Garfield, at Williams, and Arthur, at 
Uuion. Hai-rison was also college bred. Gen- 
eral Grant was educated at West Point and was 



Professor: "What is tbe distance from the 
earth to the sun f 
Pupil: "A hundi'ed million miles." 
" How do you find that f" 
" Find it i I find it astounding, unheard of." 
Teacher (to new pupil): "What is your 
'atber's occupation (" 
Pupil (hesitating) : " I don't want to say." 
Teacher: " But you must tell me: I have to 
?nter it on the record." 

Pupil (still hesitating): "He's a mtpp now, 
but [brightening up) he was the bearded lady 
n Bornum'sshow." 

" Beware of the dog" used to lie the regula- 
ion sign to hang on your gate-posts to scare 
away tramps, but they have become so accus* 
tomed to it m New England that now the 
vomen hang our the sign, " Cooking school 
aeets here." It is a great success. — Yonkt^ra 

Sophomore (translating Tacitus: " Thoy pro- 
tracted their sleep till late in the day." 

Professor: " What is the objection to that V* 

Sophomore: " Well, really I never could see 
any myself " 
Although they went to school together. 

And grew up children side by side. 
He never drea ned how much he loved her 

Until he wealthy uncle died. 

— Harper's Bmar. 

Teacher AH things which con be seen 
through are callnl transparent. Fanny, men- 
t on son eti (, wliich is transparent," 

Fanuj V i aiie of glaw." 

Tea 1 e Q it-e correct. Now, Fanny, 

me tion some other object through wbicli you 

Fa uy A keyhole." 

JVST FOR FUN. 

The sword nay be bad, but the jwii is all 

r —Wtl jtonStar. 

Tl e I g 1 o gets into clover thinks the 
*! va d n ght er thau the pen. — C'(ri'(((/rt Suit. 

Bashful Lo er— My dear, di> y<m know tlu-re 
a e over eight hundred tenus in the English 
language to exp ess the state of being in Jove ? 

In pat ent Ma 1— And can't you think of one 
of them —Ro e Sentinel. 

Do you ant the earth?" inquired the 
haughty hotel lerk of a meekly complaining 

No was the reply, "you can keep it 
a h le Ion er 1 11 I ask for iU—Washinyton 

Mr Fa ed —Then you refuse to marry 

M b Ma chance — For the present I must. 
My I usbau 1 is n good health and we are '"he 
best f fr ends I will keep your address and 
f a acancy sUould occur I will drop you a 
Ime — Ch cago America. 

iioud Manna— Emily, child, don't get into 
the cro v 1 You'll get squeezed. 

Emily— 1 bat s just like you, mother. You 
nev r wa t to 1 ave me enjoy myself. — Judue. 

Douglas Je old was once a9ke<l by an intol- 
erable b e vi ho professed to be a poet of the 
M Ito s hool vhether he had read his " De- 
cent Into Hell 

No s r esponded the irate wit, " but I 
should like to see it." 

M ■}> Muggins— Sure, I'm that won-ied over 
my son He s n New York a studying art, 
a a ful time the poor boy has to keep 

I f t! I ! .'s iif AiilliMdv f 'nriistock. 

M 1 -n -.■,!.■ ,n>mLli niy iHjyis. 

II 1 Hii t..|M 1,1, 1,-, then f" 

i 1 l|.>\ l.ui L^l.iniii; 111 Chicago." 



nil Till 
lloi 



"Don't say ' He ain't no good,' Dinnis; that's 
not good Enghsh," 

" Nayther am Oi, thank Hivin, begobs."^ 
The Epoch. 

Tea was introduced into England in 1637. It 
is supposed that H was never introduced, the 
people are so little acquainted with it. — Boston 
Bulletin. 

Visitor: "Tommy, I wish to ask you a few 
questions in grammar." 

Tommy: " Yes, sir." 

Visitor: " If I give you the sentence, ' The 
pupil loves his teacher,' what is that J " 

Tommy: "Sarcasm." — Texas Sif tings. 

Teacher (to dull boy of the class): '■ Which 
New England State has two capitals T 

Boy: "New Hampshire." 

Teacher: " Indeed ! Name them." 

Boy: " Capital N and capital H."— //((r/wr's 



PROFEssoit Ames:- 1 wish that you would 
please tell me which is the best jwuman's paper, 
because I want to subscribe, and oblige, 

J. A. Smith. 

Skeneateles Falh, Onondaga Co., N. Y. 

O, Sbeneatelcsl Skeneateles! Wherefore 
this rude shock to tender sensibilities ? Can't 
you give your eyes and your "thinkers" a 
chance and spare our blushes ' 

Country darkey—'' Wbar am de mewls what 
goes wid dat car ? " 

City darkey—" Dat car doau hab terhab no 
mewls. Dat's one ob dese here 'trieity cars 
from Besting," 

Country darkey— "' Fore de Lawd, dem 
Yanks am great folks. Day freed de culluil 
people, an' now dey done gone an' freed de 
mewls."— Jiidffe. 

One of the best things to remove ink and 
rust stains, says a scientific contemporary, is a 
solution containing t*n parts each of tartaric 
acid, alum and distilled water. This solution 
has the trade name of "enerivoir," and is 
easily and cheaply made. 



Penmans Art Journal 



•X, 80 emta j}er nonjiarnt 



r»l: 






aymtn who are ntbtcribers, to aid tlttrm in 
taking Kubiicription». 

Foreign sub»criptiim» [to countries in Pos- 
tal Vnion) $\.26peruear. 

FremUtm Hat on Page 44. 



New Vork, Ularcb, 1890. 



hof nBank-Note . 



fnr Sjiot Cnah- 



A New TalkhiK > 



:iiAiiies» in IliKh-Scbool Talk; TryiQK 
(Move tliL' EuflltTii Brethrcu; I Jo our 



THK P.l„l..„',. M,-. 


mi: Uricf K 


VVtOWS 








'""'■"•"""'" '■■;;-",'; 


N.I a 




TBB Kill ■. .. I'.i , 







Full 1-:-.: \ r 


':■;:: ':::;[' 


"i:S 




;; ' ,i V"ii'' 




























Hir-Vl'l -1, ■ \ 




k-LV- 



-THE DISCONTIN 


UANCEof o 


ur 


1 Short 


hand De 


oartmentglv 


BS 


the penm 


anship s 


ubscrlber tu 


^o 


pages ext 


a each 


ssue-equai 


to 


two extra 


papers 


except ads. 


in 


a year's s 


(bscript 


on. Thlsnu 


Tl- 


ber is a t 


air sample of what v 


»e 


are going 


to ao the year roun 


d. 


If you ge 


t an ex 


ra paper, w 


Hi 


you Iclndl 


y hand 


It to a trie 


-Id 


whomigh 


beinte 


ested? 






WE SHOW on 
another jjnfje a large* 
illustrntion represent- 
ing hunting scenes, 
photo-engraved from 
pen copy executed by 
Cbarles F. Johnson of 
Journal's art 
stuff. It is admirably 
drawn and does its 
uthoi great credit. 
Not a great many 
years ago the profes- 
sional penman con- 
sidered that he was 
high enough up on the 
nly acquired a facility of 
writing well and perhaps flourishing a lit- 
tle. The circle of his hoiizou rarely ex- 
tended beyond these two things, with per- 
haps a trick of decorative display jn 
which flourishing was usually the domi- 
nating note. " We arc not draughts- 
nu-n." they used to Iroast, "not we! lot 
others draw, we write." 

It is very different to-day. The profes- 
sional penman who can only write and 
flourish is sadly handicapped. The horizon 
is mueh broiidiT. We mu.st write well 
but m.t !*lop thiTc. Whoever niiikos this 



ladder if he had ( 



art the main biLsiness of life, relics on it 
for support, must go a long way beyond 
that. He must learn something of per- 
spective; he must study the values of light 
and shadow, study the composition of a 
picture, in a word how to draw, and what 
is more, to design. It is not expected that 
all pen workers will become great artists 
in the ordinar>- acceptation of that term, 
but study drawing they must, if they ex- 
pect to succeed in the best sense. 



At least a part of the revenue of every 
professional penman is expected to come 
from the engrossing of resolutions, &c. 



Parsons, Wilton Junction, la., for a news- 
paper report of the proceedings. We 
learn that Supcnnteudent Larrabee, of 
Creston, la., made a red-hot speech in 
favor of the addition, arguing that the 
increased cost would be compensated for 
by decreased attendance at the private 
commercial schools. Our report credits 
Larrabee with this prieeleis pearl of 
idiocy : 

The speaker also claimed that the studies of 
ft business coui-se were as useful as a means of 
mental discipline as many now pursued in high 
school and might also, po,«Nib'j/, beuf practical 
advantage to the pupil in life work. 



E. C. Mills, whose clever script speci- 
men appears on another pige, writes: " I 
can thank The Journal for my present 
style of writing.*' It is certainly a re- 
markable style for a young man of sixteen. 
U any others of our readers within a year 
of that age can do as well we should be 
glad to hear from them. 

H. R. OsTROM, an enthusiastic young 
penman of this city, writes to say how 
happy he would be if only there were an 
Ea.stern Penmen's Association — and can't 
we have one? AUo won't The Journal 
kindly start the ball ? Well, but why not 







4^g4^99?y^^My^<?^^-itr^f^/i^^^/i,f4^ 



Enyrossing Hand Such as is Used in The Joornai, 



Photo- Engraved from Copy Made in the 



Here is where the drawing and designing 
ability come in. The patron demands it; 
you must satisfy him or lose his work. You 
have fine examples of other engrossers' work 
before you — ornamental start letters, fancy 
text, borders, &c. They are very good, 
but don't rely on them absolutely. The art 
comes in the grouping, in the arrangement, 
in knowing what to make prominent. A 
thoroughly inartistic piece of work may be. 
and very frequently is. made out of parts 
that in themselves are tasteful and artistic. 
In the great variety of work that comes 
under the head of engrossing it frequently 
happens that certain designs are required. 
Sometimes they have to be drawn from ob- 
jects, sometimes from photograph or crude 
sketch. The engrosser who is unable to do 



The italics are ours. This is Larrabee 

In arranging this course Mr. Larrabee would 
not prepare any easy course, any short cut de- 
lusion, hut would make this course parallel 
with other high school com-ses. justas difficult, 
requiring just as uiuch time and Lanl work to 
complete, but substituting coninit-rtial arith- 
metic, bookkeeping, shnrthnnd and possibly 
commercial law for studies of like diflSculty in 
the ordinary high school course. 

Two or three other teachers advocated 
the same course, but the convention sat 
down on the project in a purely fatherly 
manner, as follows: 

Resohed, That more. ft.. if sIi-hkIK^ made to 
convince the boys that I lie m- ui.'il r|i \ i|,i|iiiii'nt 

to be had from a thornii-li ln-h -ri i r,mi-se 

is the moat practical pr(.>{iiiiati<>ii |mi husiness. 



one big fold for all the penmen ? Most of 
UB have something else to do than to spend 
half our time running around to different 
conventions. Besides, there is nothing 
sectional in the art, and we all have a 
standing invitation to the meetings of the 
W. P. A. and the B. E. A. But if any- 
body really wants an Eastern Penmen's 
Association we shall be ])leased tn print 
the fact. 

To Shorthand Subscribers. 

It seems that there are some Journal 
subscribers primarily interested in short- 
hand matters who did not respond to the 
appeal printed at the head of the Short- 
hand department in the January issue. 
We are ready to carry out all promises in a 







^ c^/}7t//^i!U.d/ 






'fi f/^/^- 



d ^^t^yO- 



.i4<^4'9'id£^t 






Sight Draft. Photo-Engraved from Copy Made for The Journal by W. H. Patrick, Sadler's B. C. Baltimore. 



this work can never hope to be eminently 
successful. What would become of a pen- 
man unskilled in these particulars who had 
an order from a patron who is a judge of 
fine work for a really first-class piece — such 
for instance as is reprreented by the en- 
graving on the front page of this issue? 

TuK OLD QUESTION of whet-hcr our 
High Schools shall add a "Business 
Course" to the studies already taught, 
bobbed up serenely at a teachers' conven- 
tion held at Council Bluffs, last month. 
Our acknowledgments are due A. E. 



Since success in life depends very largely upon 
the power to think, other things being equal, 
a man who has the bt^t developed miud is the 
ouu who takes fii-st rank in every occupation ; 
That the high schools outside of large citlas 
are not in a condition to successfully cany on 
a business course as such, and that we deem it 
liest for each school to solve this prnhlem, of 
the introduction of special commercial studies, 
in the light of local needs and facilities. 

But if the high schools should ever take 
a serious notion to go into business col- 
lege work, what would the latter do ? 
Keep a smiling, we suppose, and inciden- 
tally go into the high school business. 



perfectly fair and liberal spirit. All who 
have written us have had the matter satis- 
factorily adjusted, so far as it relates to 
them. If there are any who have not been 
communicated with, either directly or 
through the sender of the subscription, 
we should be pleased to hear from such at 



JiiMl So ! 

If ill the condition 
Of ]>en or position. 
Don't hope for improvement 
In form or In movement. 
Eraita, Burlington, Vt., Bus. Coll. 



VK 1 fiouKNrci: 



Do Our Business Schools Teach 
"Business Writing?" 

Some busineR"* coMfgc proprietors and 
teachers were sufficiently interested in 
what we said last month ubout "actual 
business writing " to comment upon it by 
letter. Not hU the commentators agreed, 
hut the cireumstanee is con«ideied signiti- 
canl. WTien your teacher of business takes 
•he trouble to quiz an editor about what 
he has printed it is safe to say that he has 
been touched — somewhere. Whether the 
objective point be his heart or his pocket 
or his vanity is of secondary importance. 
The fact remains that the shaft went 
home. Perhaps now it is not wildly ex- 
travafjant to suppose that our representa- 
tive commercial schools might even be 
willing to jirocfi that there is a valid reason, 
not to say hecessity, for their existence. 
We all know it— of course we do— wr, 
that is, who are in the business. A good 
many outsiders have somehow got into the 
»e<;ret, too. Long ago some bright fellow 
of our guild discovered that this knowl- 
edge of onr dignity and importance was 
of mighty little practical value so long as 
it was ccnfined to the family circle. It 
was thought expedient to give the outside 
public a show — to take them gently into 
our confidence and incidentally to offer 
riur valuable services for a modest consid- 

That was some time ago. The process 
hai been developed very considerably since, 
and shyness can hardly be regarded at this 
time as a distinctive characteristic of our 
craft. There are more of us now than there 
used to be, and more kinds of us. In plain 
words we must hustle to keep up our end. 
or our " esteemed contemporary" down the 
,st/eet will do the hustling for us— and 
pocket the cash. So it has come to pjiss 
that we print papers and circulars by the 
ton. With raiment ot purple and gold do 
we clothe them, and paste our photograph 
on the flyleaf. Our penmen vie with each 
other in embellishing them with the facile 
children of their fancy— the bobolink after 
his kind, and the megatherium after 
his kind. We hold big meetings every 
year, and publish a book to preserve the 
wise things we tell one another; at least, 
we promise to publish a book. But who 
may be relied upon to read the book after 
it is published ? To be sure we do, each 
of us his own contribution, at least. Is the 
" business man " reached — the man who is 
expected to furnish work for those we are 
training ? It may be highly gratifying to 
our vanity to impress one another with a 
fitting sense of our wisdom and attain- 
ments, but it would be vastly more to the 
point if we trained our guns a little more 
in the direction that our pupils are ex- 
pected to take when they leave school, 

" Business colleges" are no longer ex- 
lieriments. Half a century ot active life 
and at least a (|URrter of a century of rapid 
development take them entirely out of 
the list of novelties. They are not even 
"infant industries." Men now at the 
head of prosperous American business col- 
leges were not born when the first such in- 
stitution was established. The total at- 
tendance in these schools iu America last 
year was not less thuu 60,000, probably 
more. The number of people actually 
employed in them, chiefly as instructoi-s, 
was about 2,000; the number of people 
dependent upon them for support at least 
8,000. They are located in every State, 
Territory and Canadian province. It may 
be bafely asserted that there are more cities 
with a population less than 10,000 which 
have one or more such schools than there 
are cities exceeding 10,000 iu population 
which are without them. Is it not amaz- 
ing, then, that so much misapprehensiou 
with respect to these schools should exist 
on the part of the general public — the 
"business" public? No one questions 
that it does exist. 

It seems indeed a remarkable human 
chftmcterialic that fallacies which could 



be easily disprovcn nrv allowed to stand 
as facts for an indefinite period. The grcjit 
Aristotle perplexed the learned men of 
his time and set their philosophy at 
naught because they could not explain 
why a pot full of ashes would hold just as 
much water as thoiigh it contained no 
ashes. For two thousand years the truth 
of the proposition appears not to have been 
disputed, until a quick-witted English- 
man, whose curiosity outweighed his 
philosophy, demonstrated its absurdity by 
five minutes' experiment. Another point 
in case is the historicHl debate in Parlia- 
ment, in the time of King James I, as to 
why a fish inserted in a full pail of water 
would not cause it to overflow. After the 
great Lords and Commoners of the realm 
had exhausted their eloquence in explain- 
ing why such was the case, a pail of water 
was brought, a herring dropped into it, and 
lo 1 the water overflowed. So we are fre- 
quently asked by business men, "Why 
don't your ]irofessional teachers of writing 
in business colleges and elsewhere teach 
the kind of writing that is used in actual 
business ? " The answer is that precisely 
such a style is the result 6f their instruc- 
tion. Teachers differ radically in method. 
Some use copies as nearly perfect as they 
can make them, while others may write 
copies with no more care than they would 
an ordinary letter. The aim, however, is 



qufslcd to make a specimen of business 
writing in his natural, habitual hand. In 
preparing the copy select your own matter, 
observing the following directions: 

Write on smooth white paper, with 
strong black ink, India ink preferred. 
Blue rule-lines may be used if desired. 
Each specimen should be in two lines, not 
more, the first a full line and the seoond at 
least half filled out. The length of line 
should not exceed 9 inches, nor fall 
short of 8. Make the copy one half 
larger thim it should be to allow for reduc- 
tion in engraving. To be entirely plain, if 
the lines in the copy are nine inches long 
they will be six in the engraving. If there 
is three-fourths of an inch space between 
the lines the space in the engraving will 
be one-half inch. If the height of the 
small letters is desired to be one-eighth of 
an inch they should be three-sixteenths in 
the copy. These figures are given solely 
for illustration and not to suggest propor- 
tions. Of course the size of the writing 
and the space between lines are of great 
importance. The script specimen by Mr. 
Dalrymple on page 34, for instance, 
would show up to much greater advantage 
had the author calculated on the reduction 
of the space between the lines, as well as 
the reduction in the size of the writing. 
These directions will apply to the making 
of both specimens. Brief comment is also 




Bi/ H. }V. Kibbe, I Uust rat inq Accompanying Lfisson. {Photo-Engm ini 



the same, to give the pupil a style of writ- 
ing that will best serve him in active em- 
ployment. 

Few will deny, we think, that however 
thorough the instruction and however 
capable the pupil, his handwriting will 
inevitably undergo a change after he has 
left school and settled down to actual 
business. The extent of this change will 
be governed by his temperament, personal 
characteristics and the peculiarities of his 
environments. If he and his teacher have 
done their duty the handwriting that he 
learned at school will adjust itself grace- 
fully to the requirements of his work, and, 
be the change great or small, will prove 
equal to any demands made upon it. 

We wish to illustrate this point in The 
JouitNAi., and in the plainest manner to 
establish the fact that a style of hand- 
writing eminently suited to business pur- 
poses is the direct result of the training 
received at our best business colleges and 
writing schools. This can be very ca&ily 
established with the co-operation of the 
schools interested. Without such co-oper- 
ation nothing can be done. We would 
like to have from all such schools that 
have been in operation for a sufficient 
period to meet the requirements below 
specified a specimen of writing such as 
they use for copy. The same matter should 
also be written by a graduate who hsis 
been from school and engaged in some 
active pursuit for at least one year. It is 
obviously necessary that the copy writing 
should be of tlie same style as this particu- 
lar pupil karned /ram — molded his own 
hand on, so to speak. The exhibit would 
be of 10 value at all it the graduate 
attempted to imitate the copy specimen. 
This he should not see at all. but merely 
be supplied with the wording and re- 



invited, with particnlars a,<j to the aiitlir 
of the l>usinc;;s spccimon. 



THE EDITOR'S CALENDAR. 



"The En.l 
Fame." Tv\ 
ofthelif'C'i 
James T. S 



v barton Edwards, 



— The February Widr Awakt- opens with a 
Kood Persian ballad, " Abu Said," by Mary E. 
Bradley, followed by a stirring episode of West^ 
em military life by Lieutenant Frtfmont, en- 
title! "Snow-shoo Thompson." There is an 
mnpiring story of Or,^.k hnv lif,-. l.v Mrs. 
Knight, '■ A Boyhood i.i \'h.-.i - -iinwjn- the 
effect of keeping II ;:>>i>'i ni. ii i.i r, , i.nmir 

lad'seyes. a.Haiii1ni:. i n-nmcS 

of ayoimggiri'spr.-i M : i i i ,t.iry 

or"Tho Frogsleigh Mn. ,.i i m,- ].y^- 

niont will interest aW i..ri i,ji.l,i> » iih her 
account of " Kit Carsou." iu the socoiid of her 
'■ Will and Way Stories." 

—The niustrafril American, wi*.h he«d- 
q.iaityis at ttio nihil' Hou^u. Now V..i-k, is a 



The Illustrated . 



t permitted to pent 

I 111 of courseall this will be 

I liine and the IHuatrated 

: U> I)ecoine a great American 



— Home, School and Nation comes to us 
from 183 Monroe sti-eet. Chicago, with the 
American Bag on the cover. It is a monthly, 
*1..50 a year, and in pictures and text justifl'es 

—The Educational Compendium is the 
name of a new eight-paged paper {about the 
size of The Journal). publiHlied at Rose- 
burg, Oregon. 

—The firm of Oo."i\. ,i ,v I ilm i Cwlar 
Rapids, Iowa, have .1 i i n i ,|iip. 

Brother Palmer sun, ., 1 ,,i , .n.^lot 

the Cedar Rapids lin ;:i ■ _ nui The 
Western Penman. Tin in i:s m ■.m-Ih-^ him 
every success. 

—Here is another recent addition to the al- 
ready not .short list of educational monthlies. 
Tlie Kentucky State Journal of Education, 
Falmouth, Ky. L. L. Barton is at the editorial 



a bright eighteen-page paper. The Collegian. 
C. W. Lewis heads the list of editors, and J . C. 
White, a goo{l friend of The Jodrnal, has a 
careful eye to the business details. 

— The Southern SchoolJournal, Little Rock, 
Ark., is extremely creditable to its publisher, 
M. A. Stone, and its editors, M. P. Venable 
and W. H. Thorp. 

—No home is what it should be without a 
copy of that prince of floral publications, 
ViCK''s Floral Guide. James Viclt, Seedsman, 



W. Tilton & 



v'ltts aiid other 
I- beautifully 



Instruction in Pen-Work. 



XXIII. 

The little landscape given for a copy in 
this lesson is not copied from a picture or 
from nature, but is a kind of off-hand 
composition, so we cannot locate the 
scene. It is given mainly for practice on 
line work, foliage and eflfect of distance as 
secured by the drawing of the stream and 
the shading of the mountain. In nature 
the distant mountain is blue, but in work- 
ing with pen and ink gray is the nearest 
imitation .possible; however, it must not 
he secured by gray lines, but by fine 
black ones with the proper space between 
them. 

The foregrcund should be treated some- 
what in detail, as may be noticed in the 
blades of grass at the water's edge at the 
bottom pictiiri' !inr| thf '■hading and 
foliage c 



nid.l 



\iiUv 



the 

'iiiii. rhr old 
■l._.lii,^liotild 



:udicdii 



■ u.v kinds ,jt f.jlia;j,u vliuiild be 
id practiced carefully. Thecojiy 



shows the stroke plainly. 

Commence making the gross at the fore* 
ground, shortening the strokes as you 
work back and upward. 

Gillot''* 303 and 170 pens are good for 
this work. India ink must be used. 




THE EDITOR'S SCRAPBOOK. 

- --> 

By C. N. Faulk, Stouj^ City, Iowa. 
Our Clrelf^ of Ituddlng Xoung Artists. 

—The bird a[iocimcn printed on page 34 of 
TiiK JdiiKNAL, February issue, copied from 
till.' s[N><-iinc>n in tile December JOURNAL, was 
tlie handiwork of 8. S. Pui-cly, penman in the 
pnblic schools of Eaut Saginaw. Micb. We 
mnke the ncknoxvlwJgnient with pleasure. He 
is as clever at writing as at drawing. At the 
iKtttom of this [>age we print the best copy 
reiceivod of any ornamental specimen in the 
January JouiiNAL. Mr. Costello has certainly 
produced a very Htriking imitation of his 
original. If ho had not the palm would have 
beon awarded to either E. L, Lnnt/, Wood 
burn, Oregon, or J. W. Jones, Osnions, (Jliio, 
both of whom dent in well-executed drawings 
of this subject. Any of the various orun- 
iiieot^d disii^nis sprinkled about this numl>er 
nmy lie used as models. Suppose our young 
artistw try tlioir hand at something original- 
say initial lettei-s i Don't forget to use jet-black 

—A very neat little ornamental design comes 
from D. L. Stoddard, Emporia, Kan. This is 
}iupplt>niL>nti><l by various specimens of business 
and fancy writing, all good. One of Mr. Stod- 
dard's pupils, a ten-year-old, also submits a 
rri'ditabki design. 

SperttnetiH Jw <Jenerat, 

— Wo have simply been overwhelmed with 
spet^'iiuumi during the past month and shall 
have to notice them more brietly than usual. 

—In tho line of flourishing nothing inoi-e 
striking has l>een receivc<l than a specimen 
from F. B. Davis, penman of Comer's Com- 
mercial College, Boston. This is r&-enfarced 
i)y a beautifully writton letter. 

- \V ,t V.iinr I pupil of F. E.Cook, at the 

Si.mI' ,, ( ,: i: ^- CoUese, is also well 

t 1" I I i I III ii h ,1 bird design. He has 
faii^iii fii. liNit -.1 iii-^ iimsterand will unques- 
tionuiily 1 ipi'n niu> a penman of fii-st grade if 
be iM)rKevercs. Two elaborate and somewhat 
unique flouiishes are sent by S. M. Sweet, of 
the Bayless Bu-siuesa College, Dubuque, In. A 
very vigorously made set of capitals accompa- 
nios them. 

— Pennmii Taylor, of the Oakland. Cal., 
Business College, is the proprietor of a set of 
very supple writing muscles, else he never 
could have got tho motion and the grace to the 
feathei-ed siwcimon that we are now examin- 
ing. 

— E. G. Lautz, mentioned above, is repre- 
sented by some script mid general ornamental 
work that help out tho good opinion we have 
nln'uily exIll■es^e(l of his ability. 

-Ill Ui- line ..i nml work we have a great 
vfiriety to cIuhisl- rroiii. A number of plain 
atid orimnieidjd eMuiipies come from W. H. 
Graham, I'ittslnngli. Here are the names of 
some otheis who aie ropi'eseuted by creditable 
Work ill this liTii'; K, K. r^hapman, Fowlerville, 
Micb; J. A iVnwf,.i.|, HilUl.nm. Ohio; C. P. 

I>ut. (With -,i,, I- ..It,., -|„, imeiil}; W. o! 
H..s,h. lUnlMi.^.M u,-, \v, s. Carver, pro- 
prietor Cbiliu.-Ui... ui.,,,, iiu^iuf-ss College; J. 
O. Wise, Akron, Ohio. 

— A number of spK-imens, including cards, 
capital lottere and general ornamental work, 
l*eai- theiiupi-iut of D. E. Blake, Oalesburg, 
III. They aiv superbly done. We hope to pre- 
sent on example of this brilliant young pen- 
man's work in next month's Journal. 

— Slieokiug of capitals, we have received a 
set from H. P. Behrensineyer, of the Cem City 
Business College, Quincy, III., that are as clear 
cut as any wo have aeon for some time. H. M. 
Davis, Teuout's Harbor, Maine, also sends a 
good set of capitals with various exercises in 
keeping, 

—P. A. Hurtado, of tho Eastman Business 
College. Poughkeepsie, contributes an odmira 
bly executod letter, with some fancy specimens. 

—A little pink sheet comes all the way from 
the Sandwich Islands. The ^vriter is W, K. 
Knar, of the St. Louis Collt^ge, Honolulu. Hia 
style is nont aud attractive. 

—An elaborate specimen in colors done with 
shading pen does credit to the inventive genius 
of J. R. McFarren, Uaine>viUe, Tex. E. W, 
Marquis, Worth, Pa., contributes an orna- 



mental design that would be much better had 
good ink been used. 

—From G. W. Harmaii. of Soulfe's College, 
New Orleans, we have the photograph of an 
elaborate and well-executed memorial to tho 
late Jefferson Davis. It is particularly strong 
in composition. 

—Another plate of a handsome piece of en- 
grossing comes to us from Duff's Mercantile 
College, Pittsburgh. It siieaks very highly 
for the artistic resources of that institution. 

— L. H. Jackson, penman of the Virginia 
Business CoUege, Stuart, Va., sends a numt)er 
of specimens which include cards, flourished 
work and lettering. He is a clever workman 
in nil of these departments. An engrossed de- 
sign that shows some strength of lettering is 
from Walter De F. Brown, Auburn, R. I. 

—Miss BeBe Curtis, a student of E. G. Evans, 
of the Burlington, Vt., Business CoUege, is re- 



line of wlucating the youth of this country so 
that they will be equal to the responsibilities 
of an active career. 

—Of Mr. Sullivan's pupils we cannot forbear 
mentioning the names of J. A. Hartman. J. D. 
Jones, "F. Sullivan, Margaret Mouahan and 
Ottilie Merz. At the Wesleyan Academy, F. 
H. Reade and Clifton E. Gerald are only a 
little in advance of a number of other good 

— Wm. Burnet Easton, B, Kronk, Lydia A. 
Bird. Harry J. Myers, Luella Cole and N. E. 
Knibbs, of Coleman's, make up a galaxy of 
young talent that would attract attention any- 

— The specimens sent by Pierson,of Bryant's, 
run up into the hundreds. To examine them 
all critically would take at least a week, and 
to mention all the good writers among them is 
out of the question. They represent an entire 




Drawn for THE Journal by W- B. liobinson, Charlotte, N, C. 



sponsible for a back-hand letter that takes 
precedence over anything of the kind we have 
received during the month. 

— Two other penmen of remarkable versa- 
tility have enriched our scrapbook during the 
past month. One is S. B. Loveridge, Yale 
Business College, New Haven, Conn. The 
specimens include visiting cards that might well 
be mistaken for steel-plate engravings, capi- 
tals, business writing and ornamental-work. A 
batch of very remarkable specimens, compris- 
ing quite as great a variety of work, is sent by 
A. V. Skeels of the Canada Busiuess College, 
Chatham, Out. Whether you call upon him 
for writing, lettering, flourishing or engi'ossing 
you are mighty apt to Sud Skeels at home. 

— Script specimens and model letters by the 
followlngai-e eutitledto notice: W. D. Mosser, 
Keystone Business CoUeire, Lancaster, Pa. ; 
J. F. Cozart, Irvington, Cal.; J. A. Willis, 
Little Rock, Ark., Busiuess College; H. K. 
Mahon, Hudsonville, Miss.; 0. A. Holman, 
Westerly, R. I. ; W. A. Phillips, St. Thomas 
Ont. ; Charles J. Morse, SomerviUe Mass. 
(Why don't you buy a bottle of good ink'( 
Price fl centR of any stationer.) F. M. Sisson, 
Newport, R. I. 



rtyht 



pirs . 



— During the month we have received an 
unusual number of sj>ecimens showing the 
work of students of a number of business col- 
leges. Among those repi'osonted are Nelson's 
Business College, Cincinnati, Frank Sullivan, 
penmanship teacher; Coleman's, Newark, W. 
L. Starkey; Wesleyan Academy, Wilbraham, 
Mass., R. M. Peck; Bryeuit's Business College, 
Chicago, I. W. Pierson. It would be too long 
a stoi-y to go over in detailthemanyspecioiens 
included in this lot. A glance at them is like 
an inspiration to anyone whose work is in the 



class; average attendance three months. It is 
sufficient to say that the inspiration that comes 
from hard work and correct teaching (pre- 
cisely the kind of inspiration that a young jier- 
son needs) shines through these various speci- 
mens. One of the pupils represented is S. K. 
Izun, a young man recently from Japon who 
has laid the foundation of an attractive hand 
very rapidly. The work of J. T. Sbebleske is 
particulai-ly to be commended for smoothness 
aud legibility and the indications of a good 
movement which it bears. We can only reiieat 
that the evidences of progress shown in the 
specimens are remarkable. 

SCHOOL AMD PERSOIIAL. 

—The students of the Ohio Bus. University, 
Cleveland, gave a social entertainment on the 
evening of February 18. A unique invitation 
was issued on this occasion. 

— Chas. L. McClellan, manager of tho Busi- 
ness Dupartment of the Western Normal Col- 
lege, Bushnell, III,, is master of a style of pen- 
manship that would please the most critical 
" business man." This school has been in suc- 
cessful operation for two years aud is among 
the most flourishing of young institutions of 

—The Norfolk Bus. College, Norfolk, Va., 
is a new institution with I. W. Patton at its 
head. Tbb JouRNALrecently had the pleasure 
of a call from the proprietor, who repoi-ts that 
he is well established and has a bright outlook. 

— Business colleges of the right suit seem to 
strike a deep root in California soil, Tho State 
boasts of nearly a score of well-cstabUsbcd 
coinmercial schools. A correspondent at 
Stockton, Cal., says that there are now more 
than three hundred pupils at the Stockton Bus. 
College. 




— E. L. Glick, a highly-accomplished pen- 
man, is the late«rti addition to the faculty of tho 
Euclid Ave. Bus. College, Cleveland. 

—The Old Dominion and Smithdeal Bus- 
Colleges, Richmond, Va., have been consoli- 
dated imder one management. G. M. Smith- 
deal continues to supervise things. 

— Principal Kennison repoi-ts a larger at- 
tendance at the Zanesville Bus. College than 
ever liefore in its hi6tor>'. Mr. Kennison is 
an old commercial teacher and college pro- 
prietor and knows bow to get the best work 
out of his pupils. 

—The pupils of the Utica (N. Y.) Business 
College have a social organization known as 
the "Old Men's Club." The boys recently 
presented to their writing teacher, T. J. Ris- 
inger, an elegant antique oak rocker. E. U. 
Miles made the presentation speech. The gift 
was happily acknowledged by Mr. Risinger. 
We glean these facts from an extended account 
in tho Utica Sunilay TYibune of January 26. 

—Our good friend, E. J. Heeb. of the In- 
dianapolis Business University, for many 
years a star of the first magnitude in the busi- 
ness-teaching firmament, has been basking in 
Florida sunshine, inhaling tho odor of orange 
blossom and jasmine, and possibly having an 
occasional bout with Florida alligators. No one 
has better earned a recreation, 

— L. H. Jackson, who directs the penman- 
ship department of the Virginia Business Col- 
lege, Stuart, Va- , is a young man full of vim 
and the master of an eminently practical Style 
of penmanship. 

— Many of our readers will recall the elegant 
script specimen from the pen of J. P. Byrne, 
printed in The Journal last April. We have 
frequently had occasion to testify to the su- 
perionty ot the work done by him. He has en- 
tered tho lists for a mail trade and ought to 
build up a good busiuess. 

—A recent accession to the faculty of the Bay- 
less Busmess College, Dubuque, Iowa, is S. M. 
Sweet, whose notions of correct script were fos- 
tered by E. K, Isaacs, at Valparaiso. His 
writing is free from pyrotechnics, but entirely 
smooth and graceful. 

— Thei-e was a sound of revehy recently in 



O. W. Cramer, both instructors at this college. 
Professor Frasher, the principal, did the honors 
in a graceful manner. 

— A. Philbrick, the pen artist, whose work we 
have fre<iuently noticed, has located at Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa. 

—The rapid growth of the Ottawa Bus. Uni- 
vei-sity, Ottawa. 111., has been very gratifying 
to its proprietor, F. J. Toiand, also well 
kno^Tn as author of pemuanship works. 

— For SIX years J, W. Robertson has been 
teacher of writing and drawing in the city 
schools of Mansfield, Ohio. He finds Tbe 
Journal very companionable. 

— There is a great deal of snap and go to the 
penmanship of Secretary Benton of the Na- 
tional Bus. College, Kansas City, Mo. 

— C. A. Fi-ench of French's Bus. College, Bos- 
ton, is one of the busiest men in the profession. 
Besides his largo school he finds time to super- 
intend other important work. The school, how- 
ever, is his first love and ho is known as a very 
successful teacher. 

— Principal Transue, of the Pottsville, Pa. , 
City Bus. Collegf, is very proud of the accom- 
plishments of his shorthand pupils. Mr. 
Ti-ansue writ.- tijiit. mi.h.- than thirty are en- 
rolled 111 tlii- ill |iiii iiiinit. One young mai 
says, writfs '.ni \mimU n minute for five 



,he 



L of t 



iiiy. 



good a writer as Fiauk Sullivan, penman of 
the institution. 

— G. S. Hastings, Jr., has been conducting 
large classes in penmanship at the Y. M. C. A., 
Waterbury, Conn. Hissuccess has been highly 
gratifying. 

— Tho students of the GenevK, N. Y., Bus. 
College find The Journal of ^-eat help to 
them in their work, writes Pnncipal A. E. 
Mackey, and backs it up with a club. 

— Capt. John L. 'I'yier has for the past eigh- 
teen years been teacher of writing in the pub- 
lic schools of Ft. Wayne, Ind. He is GH years 
old. but his eye is as clear aud his hand as 
steady as when he fought in the Mexican War 



a good stroke in the ornamental line, as attested 
by some specimens at hand. 

—Principal S. N. Kernic, of the Evansville, 
Ind., College, is a shrewd business man and a 



—Miss Annie Lyon, late of Chaffee's Phono- 
graphic Institute, Oswego, N. Y., has been en- 
gaged as instructor of shonband and type- 
writing at the Raleigh, N. C. Business College. 

Principal MiUman i *- ' ' " ' 

work. E. T. Suggs 

— It is worth a good deal to e;et a letter from 
H. W. Flickinger, of the College of Commerce. 



i than at any i)tli> i 1 1 

tbLs institution. Heili.i>^ - i \ hIm (tblyou 

the surroundiog town.-. iiii'l.\-n nUi-'i states. 
We are glad to note liis prt>si>erity. 

—Charles Nathan, of New Orleans, finds The 
Joi'RNAL of great use to him in his school 



1 excellent teacher and 
combination of accomplish- 
•ause any enterprise to pros- 



— We are gratified to note the prosperity of 
Burdett's Bus, College, Boston. Steirting not 
many years ago with jxiwerful competitors on 



ments that wilt 



— C E, .Touts, the ^hadiug ik'N :irti- 
doing a rushing mail business. If your m 
booknasn't some of his specimens it isn't nt 
ao go^ as it should be. The address if 
Blue fslond avenue, Chicago. 

. O. Wise, superintendent of penm 



would be glad to have the photograph c 
ved portrait of every penman in Ami 
I't be backward in coming forward. 



the graduation --f. 


•,.i>.,.^,>rti,«K.iclid Avenue 


Bus. College !..■ II 


K \ii ,.. tilers who en- 


tertained the - 
Caton, wife t 


mi. .1^ Mi-s. M. J. 


plishedeloiuiiiiiM- 
bowling, of All(:i.i 


1..^ I'r (...urge Thomas 




di-ess. Bubiect: 


' F..itv That Wins." The 


graduating class v 


as very large. The culrai- 



tak.- 



Ill the £ 
<iiig home. 



biJ|A. U; Uujj tiuiu uiair. muiu schools this 
month. This m tlu- jwiiit ;)r('cisely : The 
Journal represents your business; if there is 
any good in it you and your pupils get a 
share of that good — or ntignt to. Of course 
we cannot sell tif pti""- .(inii. -io ''heap as a 
smaller and less ix p. i,~.\\ > i-uhiir iimii. but mu- 
clubbing rates ;ii I I'niakelbe 

price of great •■ i mukul' xvhn 



may have extia lupn.- hu ai.-.Lnbucion ana 
card of agents' rates ujimi iijjplication. 

It is the active friend that counts. Your 
passive kind who is afraid to take a little 
trouble does a paper no good. There is not a 
commercial or writing teacher in this country 
but could send The Journal, a club, long or 
small, with a little effat. 

aong the clubs received during the past 



Kane, Eat<>n & Bur- 



rassy K avenue. Philadelphia; Harry C. 
Wilkinson, Lowiston, Me^ C. C; J, A.vye, 
Curtiss'B. C.St. Paul; W. L. Beeinan, Bee- 
man's B. C, Red Wing, Minn.; J. H. Blair, 
Shaw's B. C, Portland, Me.; N. S. BeanUIey. 
St. Paul, Minn.; E. L. Burnett. Stowell's 
B. and S. B. C. .Providence, R. I.: U. L. EIHk, 
San Francisco, B. C; C. L. Free, Easton. Pa., 
College of < 'oi " " " 



Indianapolis 



Road. Uijiis 


Englnii,i.a<.-lu 


) of seven. 


Calnloir 


lie innklns a 


a Fine An. 


The «rt nf 


>i..}i.w.l .■j,tnl...'i 


e making reaches 


itshit,'h.-.( .1 




Miperl) volume of 


112pi.^.- 




to us from H. B. 


Bryant .^ ^ 




I'ollege, Chicago. 


The liiMM ■! 




•aper is used and 
chiefly full page, 
. They show tbe 


dozens ui ;ii l 




run through 




handsome college building, w 


ith interior views. 



OUR FRIENDS OF THE WESTERN PENMEN'S ASSOCIATION. 






,, 


W.J Ives 


i: U W WUIiaiU': 


■-; 


W K lius. . 


■if L r summers 


11 T M -|lin,[ll.lM -h 


::. D. w. HoiT. 


li> 


D. H.8u..ke. 












S. P A Westrope. 










A. H. HiDiunii. 


as. G. B. Frost. 
























P. B. S. Peters 












a. A. F. Stolebnrger. 




as. C. N, Faulk. 


m 


C. C. Curtl&s. 






















B. J. E. Barnes. 


16 




2*. C. C. French. 




J. M. Mehan. 


40. 0. A. Fauat. 


48. GOO. OgK. 



of their 
ught the battle brave 
tablished a line pr 






— Proprietors McCargar and McLaure 



fourth annual. 

-Donald Simpson, an enthusiastic penman 



national clubs. His latest represents Scotland 
(three post offices), Canada and the United 
States. He ia a good practical writer. 

~ Walt Wallace, parent of The Journal's 
clever pictorial skit. " The Best Peuman,"does 
not confine his huuior to bis pictures. The 
Sentinel^ Shenandoah, Iowa., gives him high 
praise for the manner in which he helped to 
entertain a large social gatheiing held in that 
city recently. 



Tlic 



nal*H PrIciidB — K 
Til cm. 



It is tbe claim of The Journal that it has 
the endorsement of the leading business and 
viTiting schools of this country; that the lead- 
ei*s of the profession appreciate the work it is 
doing and recognize its educational value to 
their pupils. As proof we refer to the list be- 
low. A paper is just as good as its friends 
make it. Those named are some of the people 
who help to make The Journal such as it is. 

There are several large and n number of 
small clubs received during the month not 
represented on the enclosed list, some of them 
withheld by request. Two in particular ag- 
gregate about 400 names and will probably be 
announced next month. Some ore withheld 
because we are In doubt whether tbe senders 
wished them mentioned, but we shall be 
pleased to announce them if desiiwl. Usually 



nell's B. C, Baltimore, .50; H. W. Plickinger, 
Prickett'sColl. Conunei-ce, iPhila.,4«; C. A. and 
F. H. Burdett, Burdett's B. C, Boston, 4.t; 
W. S. Chamberlain. Wilke-sbarre, Pa., B. C, 



McClellon, Wt-str 
II1.;R. M. Peck. 
1mm, Mass, : F I 



and a great vaiiety of decorative display text. 
Bravo.Brother Bryant I You have done your- 
self proud. 

The senior proprietor and president is well- 



, L. A. Dilfon, S. 
C. Keith, J. M. 
L. M. Padgett. 




In wriling lo Advertisers kindly 
say that you saw their ni.lices in The 
Journal. 



SITUATION WANTKD as toncher In a 
Ilr8t-<.'lit88 Busfnew CoUotro. Cupoble untl 
experienced In tencfalng nil cominerfiiiu branches 
exfc-ni penmiinshlp. Httrht^t rufercnce*. Ad- 
ilrvM ■■ IIUSINESS TEACH EH." tare The Jour- 



pO«i' 

of vhi 
Kntrh I. 



1 CKNTR »■*>■" 

/\ !.ion lo -/-ll HoiiB 



DAY BOOK TRANSACTIONS 

FOR JOURNALIZING. 

Not airnngc'd iii set**, and covers the 
entire subjiil of Iwok-keeping. 

An Aid to Business College Students. 

Highly i^nilorsed bv tciicliers and ].r-ic- 
ticnl accountants. 

Price, .50 cents ; with Key. $1.U0. 

J. C. KANE, 

E. & n. Business College, naltiniore. Md. 



L N¥ Nf'HOOI. within t 



r!t::;^r:";::"ii;:":;;;l ::;:■,> 



I. buolkc'i^pjn, 
iiw. etc . f< 
-I Twolvo 



u' salary i-cqulred. 



A RARE BUSINESS CHANCE. 



hublluiit 



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VLLEGR FOR SALE.- 



FINE PAPER 

FOR WnrTINCAND FLOURrSHINC. 
480 Sheets Letter.Sizf, by express, S2.00. 



ARTISTIC PRINTING. 



COMMERCIAL BLANKS. 

A complete line of supplies for coramercinl 
schools and departments on hiuid and printed 
to order. We can make your hook-k(.epiOK 
blanks cheaper than you can buy them ready 
made, and we will make them as you direct and 
put j'our imprint on the covers. 

KINSLEY &. STEPHENS, 
:j-tf Shenandoah. Iowa. 



Matters Not '''''''^l,.;,';;,';';;,;',' ,,7 ti,'' ^ilrk 

How Finely the Copies ''rtoj';'/';,'!]: 
May be Written, There is '«4"j;;J 

carefully written copies will prove an incentlvo 
to a further advancement in writing-. A course 
for home practice; costinK50c.,conf-aininB: t^uir- 
gcstions for practice, each copy corefully and 
iieautifulty written itnd ifraded from results ob- 
taiucd in teaching, will be sent tjy 
.1. P. BrUNE. 



PREMIUMS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS, 

Hundreds of books and useful articles are offered as special premiums to those 
wh" .send clubs at the full price of |1.00 for eich subscription with •regular premium. 
We have not space to give full details here. If you are interested send ten cents for 
ciipv of Tnic JounNAi. containing the announcements in detail. Here are just a few 

Olckens' Complete Works in fifteen volunes (6300 pages, size 5 x 7J) 
nuiiled free for one neie subscription ($1.00) and 7.5 cents extra— fl. 76 in all. In case 
cit renewal, »2.00. Sir Walter Scott's Peerless Waverly Novels, complete in 
twelve volumes, will be sent instead of Dickens' if desired. 

Another set of Dickens, complete in twelve volumes, size 8^ x 12, mailed tree for 
one Hwr subscription and 35 cents additional — $1.35. In case of renewal, $1.50 . 

Cooiior's Famous Leathcr-Stockiug Tales in five volumes of about 500 
pages each (size 5 x 7J) for one neic subscription and 15 cents extra— $1.15. In case 
of renewal, $1.35. 

Busmess Letter Writers, Debaters, Elocutionists' Manuals and almost all the 
great novels, poems, scientific, historic, biographical works, etc., included in list of 
special preniiums for from one to three subscriptions. 

WHAT CUB SUBSCRIBERS THINK. 

Whitewi-iBiri'™?! "'"' ""' "'•*"■'•' set. Great deal better than I exfecteil."-J. H. Kino. 
• I'i'iTi""'*"*! ^w' T "'?.!''R*''y I'len.'»e5' with tliem (Dickon.) would but poorly cxprces my api re 

nii.l kn" ""^ |tli-iiM'il with ni..k).,>M I..-..,],,.,.,, I tfi.l ., n,.w.; .^tnrc in lliisflfnre for several vea -s 

Bti..! Ill"--' I '■ 1 1 .' I ' \» 'i i I , , " ""'.','' ^'' "', " " 'I !'''■■ ' "i"i '"^ I'reinium, Pa)D.*. 

,„-„',",,',,'!,,,',; ' ' . .. 1,1. I.. ,,, 1,, Ill, 1^ lilt, III, .,„-,.a."-J. F Pbat 

_,)n . [' I ti ., I . I 1 1 \ .1 \ . u III. 1 1 1 \'el of cheapness 

ini, ii.n i'" 'i ' '* ' ' I ' ii^lnmod to bu> 

'"luliii 1. I ' ,'.'/i' ... I ' '" ' "'' " averly Novil. 

i.v..,-v,».™,.f,ii,!^„"^'.'''.'''H",°V ';"'.» ,'""''•■'''•■ nebaler. A copy should be oiined 
i\ei> peraon who expects to debate. "—Z. DowuNO. Kockford, .Mioh. 



"The regular premiums referred to above, choice ol which we give with every subscr pt on 
l-,'^C '1'"' 'ollows : The Lord's Prayer size, (iq x 24 inches) ; Flourished Eaeic (24 x 32) 
Hourished i-lag (24 x 32) : CemcnnialPicture ol ProRress (24 i 28) : Grant Mcmonal (22 x 
2h) : (j-irfield Memorial (19 x 24) ; Grant and Lincoln Eulogy (24 x 30) ; Marriage Cert h 
cale (18 » 22) ; I-amily Record (iS x 22). These are beautiful and elaborate lithographs from 
pen and ink copy, all handsome and showy pictures tor Iraming. Instead ol one of the e 
pictures the subscriber may receive a copy of Amis' GniDEor Ami!' New Copy Si Irs. Bo h 
arc works designed to leiich penmanship, and are particularly adapted to self instniction 1 he 
ch el point of difference between them is that the Guide is in bMk form while the Slips are 
de ached copies, and for this reason more convenient to practice from. If you select the 



E and wish cloth instead of paper binding, send 25 



fa.tk.i<3!k:'s cofies. 

com|»cndlum size, there beinjr (ttti ■ n -ln-vi- [m.'Ki il m :■ sulwtuiitiul t:use und 
postal note, or one cent postaue -tunii'- AililJn — 

W. H. PATRICK, 643 N. FuIton Ave., Bal 
TE ST I Iwl O N- 1 ALS . 

Prof. Patrick is lustly considered one of the best tcjicln'i^. uni -i -l-mu 

excmplincrsof the art of writing that we have. i \ m \ ~ i 

Your package of written copies in better than any comi» mi i 

accuracy, power and genuine bUBinees (lualities embodied in Y' 11 1 1 
the acquisition of a superior business hand. I siu' these ^ou umi i i '<> * n 



t pcumaiiithip, I would have given live dollars for s 
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THE DEMOREST FASHION &SEWING MACHINE CO., 
I 7 EAST 14th STREET, NEW YORK. ^■ 

Thisofler thould be tahen advantage ol at once as we will give away no more Ihsn 100,000 
ofeschartlde. SHOW THI£ TO YOUR FRIENDS. IT WILL NOT APPEAR AGAIN. 



The following will be mailed free on receipt of price, or sent 
as special premiums : 



Burdett's Patriotic Recitations 
d Readings. -This work 




ipeeclici 

Illustrated cover. Price. . .^fscenia 

Or either of the following: by the same popular 

author: French and Yankee DttUcct Ha^Uatums: 

Shake^rarean ReadUius; Heroic Rtnitaltotisantl 

Readtnos. 

Ritter's Book of Mock Trials. 




Rowton s Complete Debater 




Bowton a Con s 



Pre et or Spa 



n boards for onen 



fi ] aper .15c In boar Is 



nt.— Boards, '*)c. 

Payne's Bus! ness Letter Writer and 




Subscription: 
The following fnr F<mr New SuhKcrlptions 

Payne s Business Educator 




D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway. New York, 




Bnd Teacher. Mojern 
nuili.'il-. .<iii;-ilik' theode*. Tuition reuwm- 
alih: UluiiKUls iiiiled to p<i6ttlotU) free of 
charge. Clrcutiirs free. 

C. P. ZANER, 
2*12 CohiTDbu^, Oliio. 

NDrANAPOLjS 



B 



USINESS UNIVERSITY 



ffflB.1 BLOli. 0PPOSIT8 POST OFPICK. |f 
SX£B & 03B0SlT,FTiBCijalital Frcprttton. 



^ion.°^BoXkec*!>^n"R^^*;ncs^'pV"JcUc"/s^ 
Typewriting, Penmanship and Engbsh. LaTgc 
faculty. Individual instruclion. Cl.iis drilTi. 



Illustrated Catalogue, Free. 



. Bmorick Ims received much pniisp for tlio 
and skill displayed in his ctm(-wi)rk. yam- 
ffUlbo sent for 10w>iit8. .1. (.'. EMKItlCK, 
■KO, N. y. 1-12 



YOUR NAME S. I'JX' U 

while, 12(.-cnta; wcddlDK brUlol, 15 (%nt« : elltMlfce, 
iH-u iloi]rl!-li>->l, !:■ icnt!:. ^looro'M Autoniiitlc Ca^ 



WHAT IS THE MATTER 

with youi' writing * Send 2o cents for o wri' 

ten letter telluig you just what the troublp i: 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 



BALDWIN'S PERFECT POSI- 
TION PEN-HOLI>EU. 





THE BEST WAY 



PENMANSHIP 



Automatic Lessons 

BY MAIL. 



ft Inli Powde's 
12 Ink Powderp, i 

Set of Pens - 



Remington 



C. E. Jones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 





SHINN'S COMMERCIAL SPELLER. 




tiges iind [iitrodiictlon P 
J. R. HOLCOItin A: CO. 
Cniie Block, - . C 



, Ubio 



SEND me *1 00 and I will teach you to eu- 
giave flowers, names, etc , on t^rds, the 
latest thing out They must be seen to be 
appi eciated 

A W DAKIN Sjracu^e.N. Y. 



Standard Typewriter 

FIFTEEN YEARS 

THE STANDARD, 

Embraces the Latest and Higbest Achieve- 
ments of Inventive Skill. 

WYCKOFF.SEAMANS*. BENEDICT, 
327 Broadway, N. Y. 

Full line of TyiiL'writer Supplipa. 6-12 



STENOGRAPHY ^^I7im 



PoiiBrhkcepafet 







THE CALIQRAPH 

Is the best Type Writer. 

It is easier to learn »n.l t. 
« r>rk, has more speed and is 
other type writer. 

Shorthan:! taught by mail and personally 

We have 300 pupils by mail. SituatimtH jyrncutn!. 

itU pupils ipheu competent. We have beeu short of 

stenographers for 18 months. Bookkeepers who are sten- 



SEND FOR CIRCULARS TO 



W C. CHAFFEE, 



OSWEGO, N. Y. 




Pl< KACE of the ost fash enable vis- 
g cards .M eenta (2.5 taids). 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



Twenty-four Pages of Reading Matter 

MUNSON PHONOGRAPHY. 



ar (Illiislrated.) 
Speech at Albany. 



S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

Dl Ea&t 23d Street, - New Yori 



SHORTHAND. 



Situations guaranteed. 

Stenojfraiiher. 
721 BrouO St., Newark, N. .1. 



GEMS OF FLOURISHING. 



COLLEGE, Richmond, Va. lo r*M, ii «<ut. 



SHORTHAND. 



Professor A. W. DaKIN. 

Dear Sir: — Your last leson is received and 
like all preceding ones is a model of perfi 
tion. Your copies all show the same amou 
of care, and the interest you show in the ii 
provement of the work of yom- pupiis is e' 
dent in each lesson. Sincerely thanking you 
for the attention you gave me through the 
entii-e com-se, I am 

M. R. VANDERBILT, Mt. Mt.rris.N. Y. 



THE STENOGRAPH. 

The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand, 

^osy, Awunilo and Ittiliahle. Send stamp for a 
iS-pace Circular. Sliiuliuies rented on trial, 
V. S. STKNOGKAPH CO., 



< lUu 



R' 



rK NimBERM 

talniUK Mrp. Paekord's Complei 
inson Shortbund ' -• " ' 
Mtli binder. 



Shorthand for sale. I'r 



Price List of 

Penmen's and Artists' Supplies 

For Sale by THE PENMAH'S ART JOURNAL. 

Allex|irf»sBu<l L'.O.D. cbftr^-sHiuat be pnid by tho 

Ames' Compendium of Praotlool and Oma- 

jl n<eutal Penmanship $5 00 

AmeH' Book of Alphabets i 60 

Ame!>' Guide to PntoUoal and ArMstIo Pen- 

aiiinsJilp, ill Piper 50c - In cloth 75 

Amet.' Copy Slips for seif-Tfuchcrs 50 

^Villlainij'and Pacbard'tiGeniB ft OO 

Standard Practical Peumunship, hy ttie Spen- 

cei Brothers , 1 oq 

New Speiicerian ('ompeiidlain, untiipleto in 8 

parts. I er part 60 

Rnu'id cmi-lfle 7 w 

iiibtie'ii Aliinnrn-M, five slips, Sflo.; oortiplet« 

Old Enelfsh Alphabet, persUp, 5#; perdoE.. 30 

German Text Alphabet 80 

Grant Memorial 2ixi8 luohes M 

Family Kforr^ ISWtJ " so 



H.rJN 



Ci.nteimial Picture of Prii^'r<;aa...:^2x25 " fiO 

Euloity of'Lincoln and Grant.*. 2Sx98 " GO 

;rAUD8, CAni»B«ABD. PAPER, PENH, 

Nf>TE.— Wc can siipp'u ntithing in these Hnta 
r-ritpt the article utatea below. 
Uruaineutal and Plourisht^d Card«, 13deaiKns, 

new, original and artlstio, per pack of 60, 80 
100 by mall SO 

1000 " *4".50:byexpress!!;!'.!!'.!!"'!!". 4 00 
Bristol Board. 8-8heet lhlek.23r29,per dheet. 60 
22x28 porsheet, by exprens... 80 
FTPnoh B, K,iix-H. " " ... TS 

" iil)xiO. " " ... 185 

UoU Drawing Paper, :W inches in width and| 
of any desired length (the very thing for 
line penmanship apecim en a and copy for 

pholo-engravinK) per yard 26 

Black Card-board, !Hx5*. I..r white hik 50 

Black CardM, pi^r 100 85 

Bluok Cards, in;r lOUO, by express S 00 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman 'H by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, hot-presa, l'ix30..$ .15 $ I 20 

IQiM.'. '.SO 8 SO 

S1X30.. .as 8 75 

" " 2tl)t40.. 05 7 00 

Beat quality TracinK Paper, yard wide 60 

Windsor A Newton'sSup^rSup India InkStiok 100 

Prepared India Ink, per home . BO 

Ink Trava or Slabs, with cover, l-?ik.JJi 75 

White Ink, per bottle, BO 

" paste form, per tube W 

Gold Ink. per bottle TO 

Wlverlnk. " 75 

Ames' Best Pen, J4 (tross uox 85 

Ames" Penman's Favorite No 1. BroHP. - , DO 

" }^ gross bxs. 86 

Engrossing Peuii fur Ittlteriiit;, poi ^u/. 25 

Crow-QulUPen, very fine, fur drawing, doz.. T^i 
Sonneoken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set of three 80 

Broad-set of five 25 

Oblique Penholder, eaeh lOo.; per dozen 1 00 

"Dimble" Penholder (mar be u^ed either 

straicht or "blioue), each li*o.; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Metal Tipsfadjustuble to any bolder-. 

Writing and MeusuilngRnler, metal edged.. 30 

" pUlu 16 

New Impriived Paitoeraph, for enlarging or 

Ready llindrr. 11 .sirii].li> tl-vU-& fur '>'>ldlng 

New Hiiri.h f !.-r. Ii^ltl luniatrang 75 

Common s. I.V.- U'n.lt-i. ii ttne. atiflf, cloth 

binder .loiiNAL sui'. viry durable . . I M 
(iCIIOUI. HLACKIIOAKJS-BEST AND 
CHEAPEST MADE. 
Ttoll BlackboarUB, by expi-esa. 

No. 1, size a x3 feet 100 

No. 2, '• 2Wx;Wfeet 1.10 

No. 3, " 3 X4 " -i 00 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

•"ird, slated on one side 1 3fi 

4B Inches wide, per yard, xlated both sides. 2 A 
Liquid Slating, the best In use, fur walls or 

Wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 

COLLEGE CURRENCY 
on good bank note paper Is kept in stock, and 
irders will be fiUed by return of mall or exprets 
The a u a 25 » 

and 50 n p 



obe 
e Script in other pn 



he d mands and n 
ju. We oannol furnish 
'•ns than those named, 



venlonce 

t In ^ ,-^H-. , 

speeial order and at addltfonal oost. 
Tho^uBB'of 'coile^e'curtency printed In eolorg 
or in any way sutrgestive of genuine currency is 
made a serious offense by the revised U. 8. Stat- 
utes and subjects any person using it to severe 
penalties. Our currency lias been ( 



lutrgestive of genu in 

offense t~ "" '- 

and subjects any j 

^Illes. Our currency nas obil . . . 

the Government. Circular with full partlcularf 

lALH OF iMEBIT, 



s for making photo- 



t of the thousands of unt 



' publlualloiu. 



I C CENTS will pay for some beautiful 
combinations on cards, the work of 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



duplicatea will be furnished foi 

We wli; supply. atpubiUhere' rat4i, any standard 
work on ptfumanship In print ; also any bookkeep- 
ing, (^onuiiereial onthmeUo or other eduoatlou^l 

.St ti'l llie money with order. In all cases. TJnk-sa 
tills requlryment is met no goods wUl be sent by 
iimll. in any outi. nor by express, C. O- D., unless a 
sufHdent advance is msda to protect us aiffUnst 

by writing us to " send so-and-so (you have forgot 

but -uliable goi)ds, and all who fuvnr ui wllti 
onl.jrs art; assured of prompt and efhcteul cervl.e. 
AddrestlD. T. AMES, 202tBroadwiy, Naw Yoik. 






^/' MJ/i/ /iI«/lJ 






/r// ////r/ ///r//rj >/ //cl'^ll€h-l.&e6'Mjr-<r?t/^i/,^C<mt^ 






— eiQl^ 




— // 



know of in this country. We are thus enabled to make a price that defies 
for jou. That is the best way to verify what we say. If youi- penman can make 
a shoi-t time, and we can give you more work for the money now, besides expediting 



and office cleiks they have no equal The price ( 



I worth of AMB'i Best Pens ispocml discounts foi quantities 
boaids (roll black boaids stone cl ' ' • ■ ■ .... 

PI tificat&5 for all sorts of schools 
nspaper and circular advertiMng IddrcHM D. T AITIB^^ 202 Br 



i foi a quarter ; *1.00 a gross) i 



I U t I I black boaids (roll black boaids stone cloth liqiiid slating etc t the Day T and Shading Square, College Currency that is approved by the U. S. Goveni 

iLt> of diploma:, and cpi tificatei. for all sorts of schools (oi specially made to irder) Sthool invitations of the highest " ■ - ' ' "- "' ^^' '"' ' ' 

~ ~ adway. New Tork. 



time — what no( to do. 

'. schools and business 
above the ordinary price, but this is largely 

mcy that is approved by the U. S, Goveni- 
class made on short notice. Thousands of 



. for «1.00. It is a 
W, DAKIN. Syracuse, N. Y. 



BOOKKEEPING, ?»Tf;;:J'f:=H: 



siiw scud '^ ceuts to 

A. W. UAKIN. Syracuse, N.y. 

A FULL COURSE 

of rj li.»si.iis ill i.lnlii iwiiiniiiisliiii givcu by 



MORE 

than .'iO Penmen in this country owe their 
succe»i to Dakin's course of lessons by mail. 




.uy-<^^.^. 



515 East State Street, Trenton, N. J, 



WANTED.i: EVERYWHERE 




,4>° -L^WITHOI'T SOIIiINO KINIiEIiS 
W. S . B OYD.'P"a"."'' Wash i nglS).d 



THE LATEST. 



For TS cents I will send you iJ cards with 
flowers, roses, grasses, etc.. raised on each with 
a knife. Your name written or raised, as you 
wish. The flowers look like wax work and 
these are positively the most beautiful cards 



1 the V 



irld. A sample s 



t for •- 



W. DAKIN, SjTacuse, N. Y. 



PACKARD' S PUBL ICATIONS. 

1. Commercial Arithmetic. (Complete edition.) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard book on this 

subject. Used in over loo business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal discount to 
schools. 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

Icxtliixik licloio the countty. Retail price, $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Packard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete treatise 

on Bookkeeping, arranged for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable te.\t-book. Retail price, $1. With proper 

discounts. 
.'\ny one of these books sent ti> tiMchiis for exiiminntion nt one-half retail |>rice. 
Mftition l/iis Journal. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East 23d Street, New York. 




DU Y 

CARHART'S { 

CLASS BOOK of! 

COMMERCIAL 

LAW. 



TEACH COHUBltCJAL 1 

'(^onunerclftl I-nw 



e taught Ui u 
II. A sample 

, CARHART. 



PENMAN'S |AD6E, 



TRIAL TRIP. 

Send $1.00 for 4 trial lessons in peiimansliip 
by in&iJ. The best you ever received. 

A. W. DAKIN. 



S^m/u^^j^^ 



EXTRA FINE ELASTIC PEN 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional u 



ESTEEBKOOK'S FALCON FENS 048. 

PENS SUITABLE FOR ALL WRITERS. 

All of Staodard and Superior Uaality. 

SAL.K I(Y ALL STATIONERS. ', 



THE ESTERBROOK STEEL PEN CO., 

WORKS, CAMDEN, N, J. I 26 JOHN ST.. NEW YORK. 



DES MOINES, IOW\ 
is one of the leading schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparation of young men 
and women for business life, A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 
Send for catalogue. 

J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 



A. E. DEWHUKST. 

ARTIST PENMAN, 



manner. Large pieces of Flourishing, Lettering 
and Pen-Drawings done in the I>e8t possible manner. 
Correspondence solicited and BStisfactloD guaran- 



A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 



Treasure Trove.- Old Friends Turn Up Again. 




LEARN TO WRITE YOUR NAME. 



J Send me your name written in full, and 2 
and I will send yon one dozen or more i 
writing It. wi',h Instniotlons ; or send me i 
stamp, and I will send vou addressed In r 
band, pnue Ubi descrlptiTe of Lessons by M. 
tended Movements. Tracing Bxerolaea, C 
Cards, Flourisblog, <tc. Address, 



HENRY LINDENMEYR, 

reaper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



i.t'x 



NEW YORK. 



INTEREST MADE EASY. 

' A thousund years OS a dny No Hrithmctic 
tpuchps it, A 8hurt,8imiilCi pmctical method by 
K. C. ATKINSON, Principal of Siioraniento Biiai- 
iipssCollose, Sactamento.Cal. Bymail.lSOcents, 
Address as above. 



J r !S T 1' II n L I S H E 11. 

"AMERICAN COLLEGE MANUAL" 



SPENCERIAN 
TEEL PENS 

Are the Best , 

IN Til£ ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF 

Durability, Evenness of 
Point, and Workmanship. 

ENiBUKEMMiCO.. '"■%.^^-ds'< 







TELEGRAPHY 



RICE'S 



Practical Bookkeeping 

Single and Double Entry. 

By Thomas A. IlicB, A.M., LL.D., 

^fxauniani and Secretary^ of Mmind 



'II. Franklfn, Iiinh-An 



shingtfn 



graded ti 



•i tlarjicld BuUdlna Awoctalivns. 

handsomely bound book of 818 pages. The best 

j-j ---' ■---' Issued. The retail price is 

iniroduction $1.U0. A copj 
will ne sent any tencner for examinaiion on tp- 
ceipt of ?].iH). For prospectus address 

THOS. A. RICE, ii-i-> 



AN OFFER. 

In order t^i place my work in the bunds 
every reader of this paper, I will send on 
ceipt of $1,011 the following : 

Pric 

Dakin's Card Ink Recipe 60c 

Two Sets of Capitals (dUTerml) 40 

A Written Letter 3fi 



.A.- "V^- I> .^ ^K. X X>J^, 

141 Johnson St., Syracuse, N. Y. 



Q^ 



wim/^a^e/' 



'■"r."ti 



JOSEPH GILLOTT'S 

STEEL PENS. 

GOLD MEDAL, Paris exposition, 1889. 

THE MOST PERFECT OF PENS. 




PROPRIETOR WEBB'S INSTITUTE OF 

PENMANSHIP AND ART. 

The leading school of pen art In the South 
DestCTiB and drawings of all kind's made for en- 
graving. C.irrespondencc 8..1iclied with parties 
desiring firftt-cla-^s work at rea^iunaWe prices 

Forolrcnlarsand specimeiisnf pen-work addmss 
A. C. WEBB, XMshville. Tenn '*"'^'''»°' '"»" 



Nortbern Illinois College of Pen Art, 

with Normal School and Business College, 
DIXON, ILLINOIS. 

Thorough lusl 
' - and Pe 



■ship and Pen ^ 






Wn.KESBARnE, Pa.. Oct. 28th, ISMl 
Mr. A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Dear Sir : — Your letter and lesson of Juno 
19th, 18S9, canie duly to hand, and, laasuie you 
1 spoiled uiauy u sheet of pajipr in order to 
show you that I really appi-eciate your way of 
doing busitiess. And there isuo exjusc a man 
can give who does not avail himself of such 
a great chance to learn penmanship at home 
without spending but $8.00. The price is very 
low and within reach of every young man, 
and you deserve great credit for it. 
Very ti-uly youra, 

G. H. LOHMANN. 



All EngrosBflrs and Draughlsmen Use 
THE DAY SPACING OR SHAD- 
ING T SQUARE 

Kvrrii hind nl ndiinj aiiit nhafUnu windninltli: 
may ht done with it Willi Jar yreiiter u<'ciu-(i«i/ 
than by an)/ other melhod and in nnt-tenth the 




The apnue be 
ingathumbstLiiw from win to s.ven -eighths 
of an inch and made horizfintally or upon unjr 
desired length or muterial. Wo give herowrth 
specimens of Tinting photo-engraved directly 
from ruling done by the aid of the square with 



the 1 



dlty of r 



■-hiind lin 



Brnu, 



sTllEJUtJKNAL UVI'ICE 



The Popularity of Williams & Rogers' Rochester Comtnercial Publications 



IS STEADILY INCREASING AND THEIR INTRODUCTION IS RAPIDLY SXTENDINC. 

The newer books— C(inimer(.i.ir Arithmetic. Practical C.raminar and CorrespuiidLiice anti Civil Government, are ."^e-urii:;: -is nri.i 
tinns of the teachers of the country as the Bookkcfpinjj, Commercial Law and Seventy Lessons in Spelling have enjoyed. < ' '• • ' 
of daily occurrence, and the enthusiasm of teachers regarding these books is a suurce of great satisfaction to the pubhshers. U li ahnoi* . 



that these art- the most prartical, the most teachable and the handsomest text books on commercial topic 
abgiidantiy attested by tnf 'r t-xrraordinary introduction and popularity. 

BOO'^"^''PING. 

In a scries of four clcRant books, of 
w)ii<hi65 0(10 copies have been sol<itlurinf; 
lilt [.ns[ right years. We bebcvc that no 
oilier bonk has done so much to promote in- 
tercut in the study of this subject, and it 



COMPLETE BOOKKEEPING 



' appea 



nold on thi: aftec- 
>r introduction are 

■ersally conceded 
id that they are is 



C..S colicpcs of the country, he 
rhuols ihun any other work, . 




iicss of tht l;iu»;uiigc employed, the 
Hire:inrss of its starements. the car<:*>iJ 
fE\< 'on of top'cs nnd its typagrJiT^'ncal 

PRACtIcAL grammar and 
CORRESPONDENCE. 

I^ a unique 



apphc 
It cor 
thoit 



enough grammar to enable 






^iViS IN BOOKKEEPING is a very elemeniarv book. Ii is devoted 

, I. Ill . ypl.iins .111(1 illustrates the process of changing from sin- 
Mi.l .Jsn tnin.iMis .1 complctc cxplsnation of double-entry, with 

Si - iin.U 1 ih.ii iiuihod. This book is designed for a young class 

!:> ..II ti^ii.dly tuiind in Mislricl schools, ycl it may be studied with 



COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC. 



This Ijook contains just (ho 
girl should understand. Not oi 
mc-tical calLidations. Its drill ■ 



ctic that every business 
les facility in perform 
render the pupil cxp 



COMMERCIAL LAW 

rfully popular work, ll is yet .. new 



that it 
experi 
ing bo 



to obtain knowledge of 
more imporiant facts ; and to impress ti] 
those who have devoted some time to 
study of grammar, and yet arc careless 
their utterances, the iniportance of ac 
ra..y of expression. The corrt-sponde 
portion of the book contains hintsupon 
arrangement, conslruct'on and literal 
valuable i - every business man and bu^iiicEs woman. T 
popularity and a large sale. 
C71^rJ.l Gk-o vex-zi.XKi.ezi.-t. 
lliams & Rogers have placed no book on the market with greater confidei 
would meet popular favor than they fell in issuingCivil Government, and th 
:nce has amply justified that confidence. "As interesting as a novel," "A chai 
)k," "Our pupils are now delighted with the study." "We feel lh;it we can n 
ifuUy teach this important subject. "' are samples of expressions which are 



This little book ha 
ery t 



t-tT" Xjesaioxi.s 1: 

. had so wide an introducli 
s all about it. It contair 



words, and gives the dcfm 

Oo ZEi. no-eirol A, 1 

It should be understood, also, iha 
Rulers. Pen-Holders. Figuring Fads. Blr.t 
Business Forms, etc., etc., which arc excell 



8x>elll>ie- 

introduclion, and has sold so largely, that 
It contains ;iimut 4000 ditl.Liilt, yet common 

ual ones, as well as their pronunciation. 

olzool JS tz.x>z>lieai> 

; carry a large stock of Foolscap Paper, Pens, 

tling Pads. Blank Books for Boc>kl:eeping, 

n quality and cheaper than the cheapest. 



Spe. 



. Z^xrloe X^iste 

nd our Catalog! 
al supplit 



cfiso. 



Tiplei 



WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y. 



IIOI"*TAT'f 




-A. OHJLLrjEnsrcs-E 



■nine I »ul oontrlbute t 



aOc. A SET OF OAPITALS, - 1 

1 fferent 40(:. 1 nOZ. FINE DEVEL CAltDR.; 

; niHD, EAr.LR, swan (tH CRANE, - - £ 
'rint'i|iHl rpxiis Bu^inr.it.x Collcire. P.Vris, 'J'k.va* 



Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 



r 



K SHOUTHAND niNCAL," FOB NI 
■riOJI IN M'HOOLS ANB COLLBt;!!! 



The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day. a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
■•Shorthand Copy-Mook," &e,, President of the Cleveland Sten- 
o.irraphers' .\ssoeiation. Prineipal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of .Shorthand. 

ll does not pretend to he a new system. It presents Graham's 
S\sicm in ,1 ttiinderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
ihi- obJeeiKMis that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
siumlilin.e blocks, makin.s; the path of the student entirely plain. 

The residts obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The pidjli.shers will be gladtogive scores' 
of testimonials from those who have ae(]uired proficiency in a re-' 
markably short time with no other teacher Hum "T)a\'s Complete! 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifullv printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
bv m.iil pc.si.p.iicl I,, .,ne address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 

SEND FOK. C!IK.CXJLAK.S. 



THK lifRPOWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.,„ 
23 to 27 Euclid Avi-nue, - Cleveland, Ohio, 



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@/e(rr /sp//(j/up io i/s a'r/i ■cr//sc/r/e//ts. 

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Published Monthly 
, 202 Broadway. N. Y., for $1 per 



PENMAN'S GAZETTE. 



Entered at the Post Office of New York 
N Y , as Second-Class Mail Matter 
Copyright. 1890, by D.T, AMES. 



NEW YORK, JUNK, 1890. 



Vol. XIV.— No. 6 



Lessons in Business Writing. 




m^- 



USINESS writ.riii 
is of the utmost im 
por(aDfe,nnd8hoiiiil 

study and practio. 
In hH your work 
there are two essen- 
tials to be kept con- 
stat tly in mind- 
legibility and speed. 
After a dozen years' 
actual experience in 
teaching, the author 
of these lessons has 
Itiimed that the pupils have no time to 
spend in learning the old methods of 
analysis. We desire our pupils to be ready 
for actual practice the first lesson. a» time 
is precious and we must improve it. 

During the next six months we pri)|ntNt 
to give a series of lessons in Inisiiu-- 
witing for the benefit of the boys who arc 
unable to secure the advantages of a busi- 
ness college, and no pains will be spared 
in making them practical. All the copies 
will be photo- engraved from our own 
miincular movement work, thus producing 
copies absolutely practical. 



First-class materials must be used if you 
lesire satisfactory results; 14 lbs. foolscap 



work I would recommend the oblique 
holder. Ames' Best Pen is as good as the 
best. Use black ink-not muddy water. 

In the accompanying cut you have a 
very good likeness of the author as he ap- 
])eaied before the camera in his Sunday 
clothes and natural position for writing. 
Study the position of body, arms, bands 
and feet. Keep the body from leaning 




table, and point of little linger rest on the 
paper — these are the only parts that should 




ajraiupt the fJiMe. The thick part of right 
arm just below the elbow rest on the 



With the arm on the table, as described 
above, practice working the wrist in and 
out of the sleeve without sliding the arm 
on the table. This produces what is 
termed mnscular movement. 



motion, observing the position of each 
stroke. Make all your work the sizfi of 
copy. After you can make the first quite 
well change to No. 2. Nos. 3 and 4 are ex- 
cellent for developing power in the strokes, 
but don't make the lines heavier than 
copy. 

In exercises 5, 6 and 7 you get practice 
in sliding the little finger across the page 
with each form. Make the o'« in rapid 
succession, closing each one at the top. 
In Nos. fl and 7, stop at the top of « as 
though you were going direct to another 
letter. Don't be afraid of giving them too 
much practice. 

Slide the hand in making each part of 
the letters in Nos. 8, 9. 10 and 11. Study 
proportion of letters; the distance between 
the downward strokes in m and u is equal 
to the height of the letter; each part of 
»H round at top; u sharp; get a loop in 
each e; make them rapidly; practice the 
word mine; don't omit finishing stroke. 

Practice copy No. 12, observing slant, 
spacing and size. Compare your efforts 
with copy, and use the (p-eatest care in alt 
your work. 

I would like for every boy and girl who 
expects to follow the^e lessons during the 
coming mouths to write form below in hie 
best hand, sign his name and address, and 
send to C. N. Crandle, Oixon, III., by 
July 1. 1890. 



I hU *] 






The following notice of a handsome memo- 
rial album, engrossed in the office of The 
Journal is from the Brooklyn Eagle: " The 
memorial which ih'- 
authorized t 



pre 



Gen. 



Navy, expressing t 

leuce with him in his if int tn riMf iiflliL-tions, 
is now complete, and is a mngniliirLiit work of 
artistic illumination. It i»i bound in black 
seal, with coin silver clasp, and has the word 



the first, which beai's the dedicatory inscrip- 
tion, there Is a miniature view of the Court 
House; the second and thirdj which contain 
the preamble, ai-e tastefully ilUimiuated, and 
the mtroduction to the resolutions is written in 
a tablet, and is in royal pui-ple ink. On the 
fourth page the first resolution is inscrit}ed, 



bordered with ] 
lilies and other noral devices. 
' ' The sixth and last jiage bears the nai 



tr, and who will present the memorial to 







r^^/. 



For development of movement, take . «»J„'yi,"^™- l^LT'^ ^.^X^^, 
' ; No. 1, and practice it with a rapid | and cost upward of $500." 



Am .JoiiitN.vi. 



The Inventive American Mind. 



nrle Nan 
the Ra 



r ao,( 




iC. M. WfxTifr.] 
CORHKSPOXDENT 
of ihc 9t. Loiiia Oh»hf- 
Dniwcrat draws atten- 
tion to the fact that 
wc Americans, who 
are so fond of centen- 
nial celebrations, late- 
ly allowed a very im- 
|)ortant one to pass 
' '"' with scarcely a notice. 

The first hundred years of American in- 
vention was completed last April. Patent 
number one was issued April 10. 1700. 
The century cIOBcd with No. 425,:J95. 

In the first half of the 100 years the 
patent laws were not so encouraging. In 
fifty years only 12,421 patents were issued. 
But we are now making up lost time. 
There were issued last year 22, OHO patents. 
The United States Patent Office paid cx- 
pennes from the fees taken in and laid up 
a balance of a clean $250,000 in the year 
1880. 

Instead of American ingenuity exhaust- 
ing itself, the exercise of it seems to make 
it more prolific. Every year shows a larger 
number of inventions than the year which 
preceded it. Here are a few of the novel- 
tics which have been patented since 1800 

The approach of fiy time has suggested 
an idea for a cow-tail holder. A clamp 
like a clothespin catches the bushy end 
of the tAil, and two cords with a snap 
attachment fasten the tail to the cow's 
leg, to a post, or to the milking stool. 

The same day that the Nebraska man 
got his patent for a cow-tail holder a man 
in Maine got one also for the .same end. 
The Maine man's tail-holder is made of a 
single piece of wire coiled so as to connect 
the tail with the cow's leg, 

" A candle for killing insects" is a mix- 
ture of insect powder and tallow, or some- 
thing else that will burn, molded around 
a wick. 

The eatimable wife of President Andrew 
Jackson once accounted to the British 
Minister for on awfui cold in the head by 
telling him that " the Gineral had kicked 
the kivvera off" the night before There 
is no longer any excuse for people who 
"kick the kivvers off." A clamp and a 
spring are now patented for attachment to 
the bedstead. By this simple device the 
covers are fastened down. The spring 
gives sufficient play, so that there is no 
danger of one getting choked in the act 
of turning over. 

Any one might guess that a Kentucky 
man is entitled to the credit which at- 
taches to the invention of a "combined 
inkstand, pistol case and burglar alarm." 
No Kentucky editor's desk should be 
without it. The application moy be illus- 
trated- An editor sits at his desk wnting. 
One of the Hatfields or one of the McCoys 
enters to ask a correction of the report 
about that row over on Sheol-for-Sartin 
Creek. The editor reaches forward as if 
to dip his pen in the ink. He touches a 
spring in the top of the inkstand. A 
shallow drawer flies open toward him and 
his hand drops upon the revolver. At the 
same time the alarm goes off like one of 
those new devices to call people at 5 a. m. 
in country hotels. The mountaineer jumps 
back as if he heard the b-r-r-r of a rattler, 
and before he recovers he is covered. The 
editor is master of the situation. This 
inventor lives in Louisville. 

A handcar which moves along the tracks 
and mows weeds 15 feet away is one of 
the innovations in railroad machinery. It 
will do to go very well with the rotary 
snow plow as an illustration of automatic 
intelligence. 

Dress reform is sweeping uway the bar- 
riers of sex. The Patent Office has been 
called upon this month to protect the idea 
of a bifurcated skirt, and has done it. 



TTiere is a genius in Cohasset, Ma.s?., 
who spends his time in getting up start- 
ling effects for the stage. He has recently 
taken out two patents. One of them is 
for an arrangement of slides and springs 
by which a man, or rather a dummy, goes 
all to pieces. At a signal the head flies 
toward the ceiling, the legs move to the 
sides, and the arms drop to the floor. The 
body remains in the chair. 

A beheading apparatus is another of this 
inventor's ghastly devices. The axe drops 
into a socket in the block and the head 

The arrangement of mirrors at the proper 
angles in a tube so as to enable a person 
to see what is going on in a room at some 
distance has been patented within a month, 
Tlie mirrors may even be moved so as to 
bring into view various portions of the 

The uses of electricity extend. An 
electric flatiron is one of the new things 
under the svm. The iron is hollow and 
the wire passes into the center and is so 
arranged that when the electricity is 
tunicd on the flat face of the iron is kept 
at nn even degree of heat — just sufficient 
to do good work. 

The idea of combining various uses in a 
single article is a favorite one with invent- 
ors "The combined cap, pillow, and 
life preserver " is to be made of some air- 
tight material. As a cap it looks like the 
double-visorcd headgear which is consid- 
ered the thing for steamer wear. The 
center pulls out. What appears to be a 
ventilator in the top proves to be a mouth- 
piece. You blow into it until the interior 
is about half-filled with air, and you have 
a very fair imitation of the air pillow. If 
you awake at night and find that the boat 
is sinking, you blow some more air in 
through the mouthpiece and have a life 
preserver as big as a good sized bladder. 
There is even a piece of tape' attached for 
tying the preserver to the breast. 

One of the first contributions from the 
new State of North Dakota is a machine 
for burning prairie glass. The driver 
mounts his seat in front, turns on the gaso- 
line, strikes a match, and moves across 
the prairie, leaving a broad, black line. 
The grass over which the big sheet iron 
box is drawn is entirely consumed, but no 
fire escapes outside of the box. 

The magnificent and wonderful frosting 
with which the caterer's art covers the 
wedding cake is now removable before the 
cake is cut, so that it may be used again 
and again. 

\Vho ever heard of a man lifting himself 
by bis hoot straps ? Only small children 
believe in the performance of " The Seven 
League Boots." Well, the Patent Office 
has just granted papers to a Russian upon a 
device which is a combination of the hitherto 
deemed impossible boot strap act, with 
a little of the " Seven League " business 
added. The Russian lives in St, Peters- 
burgh. He calls his invention an " appa- 
ratus for walking, running and jumping." 
The apparatu.s consists of bows and springs 
fastened to the feet, the legs, the waist 
and shoulders. As the knees are bent 
either to walk or run or jump, the ten.'^ion 
of the bows and springs is increased, and 
the man shoots upward and forward. At ' 
least that is what the drawings and speci- 
fications of the invention say will happen. 
The Russian did not send over any actual 
samples of his contrivance, and the Patent 
Office people have to act upon theory only. 



Estimated 
18.90 



fi. St. Louis .'> 

7. Baltimore fi 

5. Boston*.. 7 

8. Cincinnati 8 

9. Sau Francisco.. . 9 
-0. New Orleans. .... 10 , 



Queer Facts About Money. 






t Greenbark, and a (food 
ror Not Havlne One. 

people know how much there 
is in this country of what people call 
"money," how much in gold and silver 
coin, and how much in greenbacks and 
other paper currency beanng the stamp of 
the United States Government 1 Very 
few. Inquiry at the Treasury Department 
discovers the fact that there is, all told, 
just a little over $2,000,000,000, or be- 
tween $30 and $40 apiece for every man 
woman and child in the United States, 
Of this a little over one one-half is in gold 
and silver coin, and a little less than one- 
half in paper of various kinds. Of the 
metal money about two-thirds are in gold 
and one third in silver. Of the paper 
about one-third is in U. S. notes or green- 
backs, one-fourth in silver certificates, 
one-sixth in gold certificates, one-fifth in 
national bank notes, and the remainder in 
various denominations. 

But the $2,000,000,000 of U. S. cur- 
rency are not all in circulation among the 
people. More than one-third is locked up 
in the Treasury building, and that is the 
normal state of things. One-half of all 
the gold and three-fourths of all the silver 
is locked up in the Treasury, The circu- 
lating medium in use among the people is 
three-fourths paper, the largest volume 
being in greenbacks, with silver certifi- 
cates next, then national bank notes, then 
gold certificates. But we would not be 
doing gold justice if we did not say that 
there was more gold in circulation than 
any one kind of paper. 

What a disproportion between the 
amount of wealth and the amount of money 
in the United States! All the money in 
the country, including what is locked up 
in the Treasury, would not be sufficient to 
buy the real estate and the personal prop- 
erty in the city of Washington. 

Americans arc not in the habit of carry- 
ing all their wealth in their pockets, and 
that is why American money is worth cent 
per cent, all the world over. 

The largest greenback extant is worth 
$10,000, and there is only one such note 
in existence. Of $i5,000 notes there are 
seven ; and when you come down to the 
ordinary, everyday $1,000 note, "there's 
millions in iX.^' — Wmhiiigtmi Critic. 

Know Your Business Thor- 
oughly. 

Mr. Vanderbilt pays his cook ten thou- 
sand dollars a year, my boy, which is a 
gre^t deal more than you and I earn— or 
at least a great deal more than we get — 
because he can cook. That is all. Pre- 
sumably because he can cook better than 
any other man in America. That is all. 
If Monsieur Sauceagravi could cook toler- 
ably well, and shoot a little, and speak 
three languages tolerably well, and keep 
books fairly, and sing some, and under- 
stood gardening pretty well, and could 
preach a fair sort of sermon, and knew 
something about horses, and could tele- 
graph a little, and could do light porter's 
work, and could read proof tolerably well, 
and could do plain house and sign paint- 
ng, and could help on a threshing ma- 
chine, and knew enough law to practice 
in justice's courts of Kickapoo township, 
and had once run for the Legislature, and 
knew how to weigh hay, he could not get 
ten thousand a year for it. He gets that 
just because he knows how to cook; it 
wouldn't make a cent's difference in his 
salary if he thought the world was flat and 
went around its orbit on wheels. There 
is nothing like knowing your business 
clear through, my boy, from withers to 
hock, whether you know anything else or 
not. What's the good of knowing every- 
thing ? Only the sophomores are omnis- 
cient.— 5w/» BnriUtte in Brooklyn Efujh. 



Smiles in Verse. 

A TAXKEE nsn- OF A JtRlTJSU 

I've been a-readin' Brownin'; our schoolmarm 

said he writ 
The tallest kin' er potery the wort's diikivered 

J-it; 
Now I like potery Iwtter'n pie, or any kio'er 

»ws a-bankerin' 

I took the book down to the brook ; sez I " I'll 

hev it rich 
I'll soak myself in potery 



The brook'U kinder keep in tune, the bobolink 

WQl sing tbeir song, an' so keep time with this 
great poet's words." 

An' so I started in to read. Twas jest like 

In a big, bumpin' dingle cart, right over new- 
ploughed groun' ; 

An' now an' then the ex'ud break, an' down 
you'd go kerflop, 

Then two or three mora wheels 'ud bust, and 
then the h<»s 'ud atop. 

An' then he'd start off on a rush, an' go a. 
whirlin' roun'; 

Sometimes the cart wuz sideways, an' some- 
times upside down ; 

An' then there'd come an awful jolt, a kinder 
crazy crash. 

An* fust ye'd know, the dingle cart '»d bust 
an' go to smash. 

I 'spose that's when the poem stopped ; I didn't 

My bones wuz mixed permiscus-like, an' all 

my jints wuz sore ; 
The bobolink flew up a tree, an' never raised a 

yip, 

An' I went home, an' thirteen weeks wuz laid 
up 'ith the grip. 

~S. W. Fos3 in Yankee Blade. 

roElttS VERSUS PEANUTS. 

My love brings poems Thursday nights 
And peanuts every Monday : 
He writes from early mnm till eve. 
Except, of course, on Sunday. 
He sings of sweetness long drawn out, 
Of hopes cut tbiough the middle, 
And once he trietl to weave in rhyme 
The hoary Sphinx's rtddle. 
He's very gay, then tacihuii, 
And scathingly sai-douic 
When poetizing Plato's school— 
(That's where we get "platonic") 
For themes he scours the ^ounti-y thi-ough 
Fi'om 'Cisco's bay to Fundy's, 
But really, if the truth were told, 
I'd rather see liim Mondays. 
-De Witl C. Lockwood in the April Century. 

A JtEVOZTiya TAZE. 

Quoth the waiter 
" What is yom*8, sir 'i " 

Said the guest, " I'll have a pie." 

Returned the waiter, by-and-bye, 
" Custard, lemon, 

Apple, pumpkin. 

Peach, or mince, sir, will you try i" 

Guest, facetious — 
" Civ© me currant. 

Alternating currant pie." 

Vanished waiter hurriedlye, 

Soon returned he 

With the currant — 

Alternating currant-pie. 

Fii-st a currant. 

Then a fly. 

'Neath the crust alternate lie. 

Perished waiter 

Horriblye. Li/f. 



SOME OUltlOVS SIOBTS. 

Who's seen the cat fish in the stream, 
Or the meadow lark in the grass. 

Who'K seen the wind fall in the cream, 
And the tree bough as we pass f 

Who's seen a monkey wrench a nail 
Or the peanut stand and smile, 

Who's*seen the wagon tire and fall. 
While the fish balls all the while i 

—New Vork Herald. 



li*. Milwaukee. . 
H>. Louisville. . . 

."«>. Kansas City. 

45. St. Paul ao I Co.'s Monthtj,. 



First Dude: "See how Iwdly my dog 

Second Dude : " Ya'as; hU pants are nearly 
OS loud as yours."— SmiiA, Gray <# Co.'s 
Monthly. 



-srirE?»Pi£rvsixN s s, 'j^iii aut .ioiirnxi: 



Instruction in Pen-Work. 




.■\I:lkf/ i. Ciircful uutliur ropy III iH-iicil 

aod tlien transfer it to the sheet on which 
you wish to work by laying under it a 
piece of light pajier, blackened with pen- 
cil or crayon, and going over the lines 
with a hard, smooth point. Outline the 
shadows and lay on the first coat of lines, 
working from the neck to the forehead. 



veaicnt thing. It is probaMy imruccssary 
to remind the student that nothing but 
India ink is suitable for this work, and 
that it should be ground black. 

EDUCATIONAL NOTES. 



rContrlbiitions for this Department mfty lie 
aiWreased to B. F. Kellev. office of Tbb Pen- 
man's Art Joubnal. Bripf educational Items 
solicited.] 

Nathaniel Eaton was Harvard's first prin- 
Comell has doubled its student membership 

In ISOO America had more colleges, in pro- 
portion to the population, than she has now. 

The 6r^t school in Iowa was taught in ISHO 
just above Keokuk by Berrymau Jennings. 

The total numbei of graduates of the Iowa 
State University from all its departments is 
3032. 

McGill University, Montreal, has received 
donations to the amount of 91,000,000 for the 
departments of the arts, sciences and law. 

The new gynuiasium for Columbia College 
is to cost $400,000. The money will be worse 
than wasted if it produces gymnasts instead of 
students. 



Attorney. 

Papa : " I hear ynu were a bad girl today 
and bad to bo spanked." 

Small Daughter : " Mamma is awful strict. 
If I'd a known she used to be a school teacher. 
I'd a told you not to marry her." — liochester 
Paper. 

" What is woman's sphere?" asked a lady 
teacher on examination day. 

" Rate! " squeaked a bad small boy, and the 
teacher hopped up on a cfaair and screamed. 

A Sioux Indian, studying in the Yale Iaw 
School, intends to practice among his people 
when he has graduated. There probably won't 
be a blanket left in the tribe. — Burlington 
Free Press. 

Teacher : " Now, my children, we will parse 
the sentence, ' John refused the pie,' Tommy 
Jones, what is John?" 

Tommy : " A big fool." — Uinghamton 

Schoolmistress: "Tommy, what did you 
disobey me for ? " 

Tommy : " 'Cos I thought you'd whip me." 

Scboolmistrees ; "What did you want me 
to whip you for?" 

Tommy : " 'Cos pa said he would if you 
didn't, and he hiu-ts." — Exchange " 










^W3 Sixm-^oi BifOAow 
Reduced Facsimile of i 



nnrmai^^ 



Turn the paper and lay on the .second coat 
working from the forehead to the neck. 
Make the lines light across the light por- 
tion of the face, and as you cross the pen- 
cil line with which you have outlioed the 
shadows mnrte them heovicr. 

After this retouch such lines as neces- 
sary to bring out the light and shades. 
The copy from which cut is made is about 
three inches from top of cap to bottom of 
picture, and that is alwut the size lor the 
student to work it. 

For enlarging faces, or any design, a 
pantograph will be found the most con- 



For the new Methodist University, at Wash- 
ington, D. C.a tract of ninety acres has l)een 
bought on the Northwestern Heights, three and 
a quarter miles from the White House. 

Statisticians claim that Bulgaria is the 
most uneducated country in Europe. Out of 
a population of 3,1.'>0.375. 2,W6.(J02 are unable 
to read. 

A California school ma'am, who was dis- 
mised by the School Committee in 1887 with- 
out any assignefl cause, has been reinstated by 
a decision of the Supreme Court, with $5000 
for pay in the interval. 

Ttie School Board of the Disti-ict of Colum- 
bia has been obliged to rescind its recent de- 
cision that women who married during their 



Teacher (promenading with his pupil in the 
field). 

" Nature's works are marvelous! " exclaimed 
the pupil. 

"Yes, indeed." the teacher replied ; "when 
you come to think, for example, that the hum- 
blest insect has its Latin name." 



Kitty : " How far have you got 
graduation essay (" 

Nellie: "Oh, I haven't begun 
about writing it yet. Why, I haven't 
lectcd the color of ribbon to tie it with." — 






think 



Johnny : " Honest, I aint, mo. I was bad 
in school to-day, so teacher made me put this 
in my mouth to get me sick, for a punish- 

Country school trustee to young lady ap- 
phcant : " Have you over teached I " 

Young lady : " No, sir, but I think I am 
qualified." 

C. S. T, : " 'Xwont do, twont do. We want 
some one here with a pedigree." 

Visitor : " In the South here, is the attend- 
ance at the public school pretty fair V 

Native : Well, some of them are very fair, 
but most are rather dark mulattos." 

" I is " began Tommy, when his teacher 

interrupteti him. 

"That is wrong; you should say ' I am,'" 

" All right." said Tommy, " I am the ninth 
letter of the alphabet." 

JUST FOR PUN. 

Society Note— The ciphera are as two to one 
in any 400, 

"Was Washington a polished writer f" 
"Well he used to knock the king's English 
silly."-Li>. 

Mr, de Stylo : " Let's go to the theater to- 
night." 

Mrs. de Style : "I have nothing to wear." 

Mr. de Stylo : "Then let's go to the opera." 
—Neio York Weekly. 

Miss DecoUette ; "Do you go to the opera 
often. Miss Ann Gular i" 

Miss Ann Gular ; " No ; I catmot bare to go 
to the opera,"— Pttcfc. 

Stem Papa : " Ah. going i" 

LoteGoer: "Yes, su-. Your daughter and 
I have enjoyed a feast of reason." 

Stem Papa (moving his right foot with great 
velocity) ; " And now you have a flow of sole," 
— Mun3ey\^ Weekly. 

Mi-s. Youngwife : " Did you ever try any of 
my biscuits, Judge ?" 

Judge : " Np, I never did ; but I dare say 
they deserve it." 

"I hear," remarked Gilroy to a friend 
*' that you received an ovation at yom- lecture 
the other night." 

" Yes." replied the lecturer. " I did receive 
an ovation, but some of the i 
stale."— rt»ie. 

" Marriages are made in heaven," quoth Miss 

" Then there is some chance for you yet," 
was the cruel response of her younger sister. 

A New York fashion paper soys : " Nothing 
but coral ornaments will be seen this season 
upon our belles," This would seem to be a 
good time for cough medicine men to get in a 



! very 






'ads."— Z.f/c. 



Sharply : "Seems to me, Maud, that young 
Mr. Hankinson stayed pretty late last night. 
Did he have any pressing business i " 

BhLshingly : " Not till just before he went 
away, mamma." — Chicago Tribune. 



Shortliand Gave Him a Start. 

Mr. John F. McCIain, who has been for 
the past five years business manager in the 
New York office of Messrs. Wyckoff, Sea- 
mans & Benedict, resigned his position a 
few weeks since to accept the manage- 
ment of the Hammond Typewriter for the 
States of New York, Connecticut and 
Northern New Jersey, n position of great 
responsibility. 

Only a few years ago Mr. McClain com- 
menced his career as a stenographer, and 
it was through his ability as such, together 
with rare business qualities, that he at- 
tained the position he now holds. 

Possibly there are few young men better 
known in typewriting circles than " Mac," 
and the Hammond people have made a 
wise selection in securing the services of 
one who will undoubtedly promote the 
interests of their machine. 

By the way. the Hammond has been 
greatly improved, and within a few weeks 
persons interested in writing machines are 
promised a revelation. — N. Y. Shorthand 
Itevieitf. 

Now Stock DliiloniHH. 



Mrs. Binks : '* O, Johnny, you naughty 
little boy! The idea of youi' chewing to- 
bacco!" 



We have made several 
oui- long hst of stock dip 
used by any college by lettt 
the institution with a pen. 
in stock suitable for h ■ 
*■ Commercial Coll, ■■, 
merce "-in fact f-i nr. i 
cludingspecialShoill ii> 1 1 


recent a<lditions to 
orans that may be 
ring in the name of 
We have th^se now 
H..M.>.^s College." 

,„l ..| ., ., |,n,,l, in- 


'!■ 


.^iiuipies 



The Round Table. 



|l*« Loaded 



\jHififil hif a 1'. Zantr.] 







>be 
to swallow any- 
thing he can get 
hold of, nnd to 
keep on swallow- 
i long as there is any 
nfilled spaf-e within him. 
From the time we arrive on this 
■; old planet until the time 
depart it is a continuous 
: for something to eat. 
' No doubt the wise old Roman whu 
remarked that " we eat to live, not live to 
cat," was right from an ethical pomt of 
view; but if eating is not the sole business 
of life, at leaat our fleshly bodies are such 
that it certainly may be considered an in- 
ducement. 

And with what stuff do we load our 
stomachs ! Almost everything that lives 
and breathes and moves has supplied food 
for some part of the human family at some 
period ; nay. does so to-day. A few plants 
cannot be eaten on account of their poison- 
outi juices, and the flesh of some fishes are 
said to possess poisonous properties, 
though the most venomous reptiles may be 
and are eaten with impunity. 

The sight of worms eating a piece of 
meat fills us with disgust. If the worm 
were endowed with sufficient intelligence 
very likely he would entertain the same 
feeling toward us, who do the same thing. 
A Hottentot or New Zealander would eat 
meat, worms and all and be elad of the 
chance. 

Don't turn up your nose ! We're going 
to have a good long chat about things 
that human beings use for food. The 
bill of fare is a large one, and, no doubt, 
includes many items that may seem repul- 
sive to those of fastidious tastes. But, 
after all there is a vast deal of humbug- 
gcry about taste in eating, it seems to me. 
We scolT at the eaters of rats and horses, 
yet the fleali of swine, the scavenger of 
the animal kingdom, is savory to our 
taste and an entirely proper article of diet. 
It makes our flesh creep to hear of men 
eating insects — locusts, grasshoppers, 
spiders, etc. At tho same time we roll 
the (naturally repulsive) oyster on our 
tongue as a morsel fit for the Olympian 
gods, and gteedily devour him alive, 
bowels and all. Among our most esteemed 
dnticaeics are the deformed, crawling 
crustaceans, the crab, lobster, crawfish, 
shrimp. &c. These animals are much 
less cleanly in their habits of food than 
those insects which live on vegetable 
matter, and are not above the flesh-eating 
spider. Our daiuty stomache are almost 
overturned with nausea at the shocking 
practice prevtilent among many savage 
peoples of eating the intestines of animals 
with the rest of the body. I have already 
spoken of the oyster. Nor are we 
troubled with such compunctions when we 
sit before a well prepared dish of tripe 
(the stomach of one of the most uncleanly 
of animals), or titilate our palates with a 
plate of chitterlings (intestines, pure and 
simple). Think of a stomach used to ter- 
rapin and frog disdaining a choice bit of 
roast granary-bred rat ! 

The menu given on the next puge repre- 
sents a very respectable dinner of our day 
and country; but these articles are alto- 
gether too conventional for discussion 
here. Passing by the traditional red her- 
ring, corned beef and cabbage, «&c., to 
which American brawn and brains owe so 
much, we will begin a different sort of 
diet. 



From remote times clay or dirt eaters 
have been known in various sections of the 
world. In some of the wilder mountain- 
ous sections of the Southern States is found 
H light clay, said to possess nutritive prop- 
erties, which the more ignorant natives 
eat to some extent. This could hardly be 
called a steady article of diet, but the 
natives are much addicted to chewing it. 
The practice is a very old one and prob- 
ably came from the aborigines. Sir 
Samuel Argole, writini? of his explorations 
in Virginia in 1613, speaks of a mine of 
peculiar earth that the Indians ate for 
physic. Humboldt tells of an Indian tribe 
living on the Rio Negro, in South America, 
that lived chiefly during the rainy season 
upon a fat, unctuous clay, consisting of a 
red earthy matter they called "bole." 
The Japanese also have a species of edible 
clay which they make into thin cakes 
called "tanaarapo." These are eaten not 
so much for their nutriment as for the 
alleged effect of giving women a sleiider- 
ness of form that is much admired. 

In some portions of Nothern Kurope 
abounds what is known lis " bread meal." 
This consists largely of minute shells of 
defunct infusoria and is still eaten to a 
large extent. A similar substance foUnd io 
North Germany, and known as •' mountain 
'meal," is also eaten in times of food 
scarcity. Certain Central American tribes 
are said to eat clay in the intervals be- 
tween their meals, preferring the clay of 
ant hills. The colored inhabitants of 
Sierra Leone are likewise extremely fond 
of this particular kind of earth. In Guinea 
a yellowish earth called "carnac" is de- 
voured with gusto by the negroes. A white 
earth resembling ordinary pipe clay, found 
in the West Indies, is also eaten and is 
said to possess exhilarating properties like 
an alcoholic stimulant. 

JtfttK, I og» ami Cafs am Table Detteae(fa. 

What are the little girls made of t 
Sugar and spice and evei-ytbiUg niOB, 
That's what little girls are made df. 
What are little boys made of i 
Rata and snails and puppy dogs tails, 
Tbat^s what little boys are made of. 
Frank G. Carpenter, the well-known 
traveler and newspaper writer, points out 
that the latter verse is particularly appli- 
cable to hundreds of thousands of little 
pig-tailed Chinese who would ask nothing 
better in the world than such mfrni as is 
there represented. The Chinese usually 
run a sort of restaurant attachment to their 
butcher shops. The hungry purchaser 
thus has the chance to pick out his own 
portion of dog, rat or cat, with the head 
or part of the hide still on to prevent a 
rascally dealer from palming off a rabbit 
or squirrel for genuine pussy, and wait 
until it is cooked before his eyes. A black 
dog brings twice as much as one of any 
other color. Black cat's flesh is also pre- 
ferred. Cats' eyes broiled to order can be 
had for a trifle of two cents each. Everybody 
knows of the Chinese fondness for soup 
made from the gelatinous nest of a certain 
sea swallow. This is said by epicures to 
be really delicious. 

But one doesn't have to go to China for 
bird's nest soup, or for the meats named 
either. In the Chinese quarter of New 
York, ten minutes from The Jouknal 
office, one may revel io fillet de mus, 
fricassee of rats' tails and prime ribs of 
black puppy to his heart's or stomach's 
content. The writer has set down to a re- 
past said to contain these luxuries among 
many others, served in two or three dozen 
courses, but his rebellious stomach made 
little progress beyond the rice which is the 
ground floor of the Chinese meal. 

The French traveler, Caille, tells of a 
meal that was served him in Africa by a 
Dambrc woman. The basis of the dish 
consisted of yams, which were smothered 
in thick sauce. After half of it had been 
eaten with relish the sauce was discovered 
to be a sort of chopped mouse stew, a 
tell-tale paw having come to view. Being 



very hungry Caille did not allow this 
trifling incident to interfere with his appe- 
tite and continued the meal. 

During the siege of Paris by the Prus- 
sians in 1870, over 5.000 cats were slaugh- 
tered and eaten. The kittens are said to 
taste very mvich like squirrels, except th^t 
that they are mrre tender and sweetet-^ 
To such necessity were the Parisians re- 
duced for food that besides i!ats they ate 
rals, miiTe ilnd about every species of ani- 
mal that they could get thdr hands on. 
Fishing for rats in the sewers at that time 
was quite a profitable occupation, as a rat 
pat€ was good for a franc and a half. 
Twelve hundred dogs were butchered and 
their flesh sold at from 40 to 60 cents a 
pound. 

T/m Appetite for Uvrse I'leah. 

Thousands of horses were also eaten at 
this time; in fact the French have long 
taken kindly to horse flesh as a steady 
article of diet. It is a staple commodity 
with all the butchers. Nor is horse eating 
confined to the French. It is said that the 
Indian horsemen of the South American 
pampas taste scarcely any other flesh. The 
IcelanderB havp bded horse eitters for cen- 
turiiR. The llusslans have always eaten 
hol-se flesh, and it has beeu staple in Den- 
mark since the beginning of this century. 
For 50 years the Germans have beeu gradu- 
ally acquiring the taste. According to 
Pliny the Romans at one time ate the flesh 
of the ass, and in Persia and other Eastern 
countriis the wild ass is considered peculi- 
arly gratifying to the palate. 

Almost everywhere in Africa the ele- 
phant, rhinoceroH, hippopotamus, monkey 
— in fact the flesh ol any animal is* eaten, 
entrails and all, The negroes of Africa are 
Very fond of crocodile, and the sdme thing 
may be said of the ctocodile with tesp^ct 
of the negrtJ. A sort of omelet of croco- 
diles' eggs is Considered a great delicacy. 
Various species of large lizard, especially 
the Iguana, and all kinds of snakes are 
greedily devoured by certain tribes of 
American Indians, also by the Chintse 
and Australian bushmen and other savage 
tribes. When the Indian sees a rattle- 
snake the idea of dinner immediately pre- 
sents itself. If he succeeds in killing 
the snake instead of being killed by it, 
the reptile is at once boiled or roasted 
just as he is and greedily devoured, poison 
and all. This produces no uncomfortable 
consequences as the venom so deadly 
when injected in the system has no effect 
when swallowed. 

Toads and various other reptiles are eaten 
m Africa. When some of the tribes arc 
preparing for war they have a great least, 
the main dish consisting of a sort of curry 
of toad with snakes' livers. This is sup- 
posed to give those who eat it greater 
courage and is a favorite dish with the 
iuore warlike tribes. 

Perhaps every specie of fowl known is 
an article of food in one part of the world 
or another. Even buzzards are eaten by 
the Chinese and the African and Aus- 
tralian bushmeu. 

iHMectu aa a bUady Viet. 

Various kinds of insects, worms, grubs, 
&c., are well known as dietary articles in 
many parts of the world. Ant eating is 
far from uncommon, being indulged in to 
a great extent in Africa, the West Indies 
and Central and South America. Hewera 
tells us that a certain Central American 
tribe keeps ants in yards and breeds them 
for food. Many travelers have eaten ants, 
some unwittingly, but others with full 
knowledge of what they were about, and 
the consensus of opinion is that they have 
a very pleasant taste. 

The Hottentots hail with joy the ap- 
pearance of locust swarms, though the in- 
sects proceed to eat up every vestigo of 
green growing thing. During the process 
the Hottentots simply gorge themselves 
with the locusts. They also gather the 



eggs and make them into a kind of soup. 
Smoked and dried locusts are eaten ex- 
tensively in Grpece nnd Turkey and in 
most Eastern countries. A favorite man- 
ner of serving them Is to sprinkle with 
salt and pepper nod fry, adding a little 
vinegar. The Arabs gtitid them in A. 
hand mill or pound aUd mix with flout 
into li kind of dOugh which they makt 
into loaves as ordinary bread 

As a matter of fact there is no reason 
why a locust or grasshopper should not be 
a wholesome and desirable article of food. 
They subsist entirely on leaves and vege- 
tables and even in the Bible are com- 
mended as an article of food, as in Leviti- 
cus xi, 33: "Even these of them ye may 
eat: the locust after his kind, and the bald 
locust after his kind, and the grasshopper 
after his kind." The tood of John the 
Baptist is said to have been locusts and 
wild honey. Locusts are now eaten in the 
Crimea, Greece, India, Arabia, Persia, 
Africa, Madagascar and in roost Eastern 



Not content with the honfey some tudfe 
tribes ate vety fond of beeS, the Bdtbftry 
Moors particularly esteeming young bee.^ 
in the comb. The Chinese are very fond 
of the silk worm grub. The dwellers in 
the lake regions of Central Africa make a 
sort of cake out of small dead insects 
which are washed up in myriads on the 
shores of the lakes. Jn Central America 
the natives make bread of the eggs of a 
laige molh. The galls of several species 
of fly are much esteemed for food in the 
East for their aromatic flavor, and are 
sold in the markets of Constantinople, 
Spiders dearly an inch in length are 
roasted over the fire and eaten by the 
natives of New Caledonia. Even edu- 
cated Europeans have been known to eiit 
and tellsh theni: 

a Ba.^^orinsnn. 

Snails have been used as food from 
remote times. According to Pliny the 
Romans liked nothing better. They cul- 
tivated snails tor the table, fattening them 
on meal until they attdined great size and 
excellent flavor. At this day snails 
are largely used as food throughout 
Europe, especially in France, where they 
are cultivated in special snail preserves. 
Slugs are also eaten chough not to so 
great an extent. The wire worm, larvee 
of a small beetle, is eaten in large quan- 
tities by Turkish women. 

The natives of the Samoan Islands, 
which came into great prominence a year 
or two ago on account of international com- 
])licatioDs involving our country. England 
and Germany, have a curious table deli- 
cacy which they esteem very highly, 
known as "palolo." It is a tiny sea 
snake about as thick as u strand of yarn 
and from five to eight inches in length. 
Only once a year (toward the last of Nov- 
ember) does the reptile appear off the 
coast. At such a period the sea seems 
fau'ly to swarm with them and the eager 
Samoans, men, women and children, take 
to their boats or swim out and scoop 
them up with nets, buckets, baskets and 
everything else that they can get. Out of 
the water the " palolos " die in a few min- 
utes like fish. Many natives eat them raw, 
others roast or boil them. 

In the Sierra Nevada Mountains, in 
Southern California, grows a certain nut 
pine tree, the fragrant fruit of which at- 
tracts great numbers of a species of butter- 
fly. In August the ground under the tree 
begins to be covered with green worms as 
thick as a man's finger, and from -J to 2J 
inches in length. The worms soon develop 
into butterflies and fly into the trees. They 
stay there eating the oily nuts until their 
wingb fall off and the ground is covered 
with them. The Indians are extremely 
fond of these nut-fattened worms, and 
build great trenches around the trees to 
prevent their escape. After gathering 
them in bags the Indiana heat stones and 



dry them, in which condition they are 
preserved for winter use when other food 
is scarce. Thev are usuallyea'cn in akind 
of soup, and are said to preserve the rich 
and oily flavor of the nut upon which they 
feed. 

Some of the wild tribes in the interior 
of Australia live chiefly upon earth worms, 
which they devour alive. Repulsive as 
this is it scarcely equals instiinoes noted on 
our own contioent. Humboldt tells of 
Indian children io Central America whom 
he saw diKging for centipedes from 18 to 
20 inches long, which were immediately 
devoured with evident relish. 

Cnnntballnm Oraduatly Dyina Out. 

The affection of the South Sea Islander 
for the pale face, or for his own cousiu of 
an opposing tribe, when roiled in plaintain 
leaves, stulTed with yams and barbecued 
to an appetizing brown, is well known. 
While cannibalism is undoubtedly becom- 
ing less common, the process of extinction 
is neces.sarily slow. Hundreds of tribes in 
Africa and Oceanica are man-eaters, and 
likely to remain so for an indefinite period. 
The practice is not whoUj dead in some 
portions of South America, and is even 
said to exist to a limited extent among the 
negroes on the island of Hayti. 



Whale blubber and oil from the walrus, 
seal and various other aquatic animals is the 
chief food of the Esqiiimaux. They have a 
way of burying their fish until they be- 
come disgustingly putrid, when they are 
considered very delicious. 

The first mammoth ever found in any- 
thing like a state of perfect preservation 
was thawed out of an iceberg on the 
Northern coast of Siberia in the year 1799 
in an almost perfect state of preservation. 
It had been there a thousand years. The 
natives at once attacked it and had half 
icaten it before the news of the discovery 
reached the ears of scientific men, who at 
once proceeded to investigate. 



T.WO centuries ago whale with green 
peae was considered a great delicacy in 
iBnglMQd. It is 
though by no mea 
and the tongue a 
teemed. There ar 
London to-day wh( 
lining a gU 



IB unknown. The tail 
re the parts most es- 
■ two or three places in 
re whale milk is sold at 
fresh from the whale, 
which is kept for the purpose in a mon- 
strous tank^ It is claimed to be efficacious 
in cose of weak lungs. 

In China, Japan and Corea fish is eaten 
raw almost entirely. It is not uncommon 
for the fisherman to take a boUle of pepper 
sauce along with him and eat the fish as 
he takes it from the hook, sprinkling a 
bit of red hot chili over it and gulping it 
down without cleaning anything off ex- 
cept the scales. These people are by no 
means dainty as to the manner in which 
their food is served. The entrails are 
sold and eaten as well as the rest of the 
meat, and a common dish at a particularly 
ibig dinner is chicken baked feathers, en- 
. trails and all, and served whole upon rhe 
-.table. Human milk is also sold in China. 
Most people, perhaps, fancy that choco- 
"late is a comparatively modem drink. The 
Ifact is it far antedates either tea or coffee 
an English countries. Tea was not drunk 
in England until 1010 and coffee wixs in- 
troduced in 1653. 

We hear a good deal about truffles now- 
adays in connection with high-class dishes 
and most every one has eaten them. What 
they are, however, is not geocrally under- 
stood. The truffle is really an oblong 
fungus tuber, from a corruption of which 
word it probably received its name. A 
peculiarity of the plant is that in its 
matured state it is apparently free from all 
shoots or connections, resting like a stone 
some distance below the surface of the 
soil. The best article comes from France 
.and Algeria. It may be imagined that 



truffle hunting would be attended with 
difficulties, and so it is, no shoot or vine 
betraying the prrseneu of the concealed 
tuber. Nature has kindly stepped in by 
investing the plant with an ai-omatic 
odor. This, while too delicate to be de- 
tected by human nostrils, docs not escape 
the acuter scent of dogs trained for the 
purpose, and it is mainly through these 
sagacious animals that truffles are gathered. 
Superstitions as to the effect of certain 
vegetables on the mental as well as 
physical constitution of those who cat 
them are as old as the hills. Even at this 
day we find people who pretend to believe 
that eating fish strengthens the brain on 
account of its phosphorous propeities. In 
our grandfathers' days water-cress was be- 
lieved to restore the bloom to young girls' 
cheeks, and I need not say was an ex- 



Si\ the 



of the 



tor believing that there wa» commu- 
nication between the continents ages be 
fore that period." The banana has no 
seed, therefore could not have blown over 
or been brought over by birds, or washed 
over as cocoanuts have done. It is propa- 
gated by shoots or suckers as they are 
called. It has been estimated that it is 
possible to grow as much as 175,000 
pounds, of bananas upon a single acre of 
ground, and the tree fruits before it is a 
year old and needs no cultivation or atten- 
tion of any kind. Humboldt estimates 
that ground which will grow tn-enty-three 
pounds of wheat would grow ninety-nine 
pounds of potatoes or 4000 pounds of 
bananas. In other words the relative 
produce of bat anas to wheat is as 175 to 
one and to potatoes as 44 to one Not 




A Oood Dinn&i- of To-day. — Artistic Mtnu Madt in The Journal Offict 



tremely popular article of diet among the 
fair sex, Grten ginger was good for the 
memory and conserve of roses was a capi- 
tal posset against bed time; conserve of 
rosemary and sage, according to Vermex, 
should be used by students as it "doth 
greatly delight the brain." 

In some tropical countries the banana 
constitutes almost the sole ariicle of food. 
It is eaten raw, cooked, pounded into a 
pulp and mixed with water, distilled into 
a kind of liquor and in various other 
forms of ]>reparation. Indeed the banana 
tree is said to bo the greatest single obsta- 
cle to civilizing the countries in which it 
flourishes. It grows pretty much every, 
where between the tropics, but is said by 
botanists to have originated on the Malay 
Peninsula. The fact that it was found in 
tropical America when the Europeans dis- 



only this, but the lact that people can sub- 
sist entirely with no other food proves that 
the banana possesses peculiar nutritive 
powers which wheat and even potatoes 

Man's Food' Storage t)apaeUy-~Sonie 

The average American Indian, though a 
natural glutton and possessed of a stomach 
that will stop short ot nothing that can be 
masticated, like the Arab, has the happy 
faculty of preserving his strength on ex- 
tremely short rations. Indians have been 
known to go for days without touching 
food of any description, apparently little 
weakened by the abstinence. On sucli 
occasions they wear abelt which they draw 
tighter day after day as their unfilled 
stomachs recede. When at last they do 
come to food they will gorge themselves 
like a beast of prey or snake, and throw- 
ing themselves down remain in an almost 



torpid condition until what they have 
swallowed has had time to digest. 

The Hottentots, bushmen and savag^ 
South Africans generally are enormoils 
ghittons. Ten of them, says Barrow, ate 
in his presence the whole of an ox, all hut 
the hind legs, in three days, and the three 
Boesmans that accompanied his wagon de- 
voured a sheep in less than twenty-four 

■ In cold climates such feats as these 
would be only trifles. Parry and Robs 
have recorded eases that were they not 
well attested would pass belief. Sir Ed- 
ward Parry once tried the capacity of an 
Esquimau scarcely full grown, and this in- 
teresting young savage contrived in 24 
hours to devour four pounds, four ounces 
of the raw hard frozen fle-xh of a sea horse, 
a like quantity of it boiled, one pound, 12 
ounces of bread and bread dust, a pint and 
a quarter of rich gravy soup, a tumbler of 
strong grog, one glass of raw spirits and 
nine pints of water. Sir John Ross was 
of the belief that the daily rations of an 
Esquimau were twenty pounds of flesh and 
blubbt.-. but in extenuation of so enormous 
a consumption as this the severity of the 
climate must be taken into account. 

Captain Cochrane, on the authority of 
the Russian Admiral Saritcheff, tells 
how one of the Yakuts had consumed the 
hind quarters of a large ox in twenty-four 
hours, together with twenty pounds of 
fat and a proportionate quantity of melted 
butter. As the man had already gorged 
himself in this fashion it hardly seemed 
possible that he would be able to consume 
any more, but the worthy Russian Admiral 
lo test him gave the savage a thick por- 
ridge of rice boiled with three pounds 
of butter, weighing altogether 28 pounds. 
The glutton sat down to this abundant 
banquet, although he had just partaken of 
a hearty breakfast, and without stirring 
from the seat or showing any sign of in- 
convenience got through the whole. Cap- 
tain Cochrane adds that a good large calf 
weighing 200 pounds will just make a 
meal for four or five Yakuts and that he 
has seen three ot them consume a whole 
reindeer at one meal. 

Frank G. Carpenter, who has been 
pretty much over the whole world, thinks 
the Coreans as a race are the greatest glut- 
tons to be foimd anywhere. The average 
man the country over eats everything he 
can get his teeth on, and he will take a 
dozen meats a day if he have the chance. 
Mr. Carpenter had sixteen chair-bearers in 
a trip which he took into the interior. These 
bearers stopped at almost every house to 
rest and feed. They would drop off one 
by one into the fields of turnips by the 
wayside and for tbe next half mile would 
go along eating raw turnips. The bigger 
u man's stomach is in Corea the more 
wealthy he is supposed to be, and you see 
pot-bellied youngsters everywhere you go. 

There are plenty of well authenticated 
instances of stone eaters. Fr. Paulian, a 
French Savant, gives this account: 

"In the beginning of May, 1760, was 
brought to Avignon a true lithophagi or 
stone eater. He not only swallowed flints 
of an inch and a half thick, but such 
stones as he could reduce to a powder, such 
as marbles, pebbles, etc., he made into 
paste, which was to him a most agreeable 
and wholesome food. This stone eater 
was found three years ago in a Northern 
inhabited island by some of the crew of a 
Dutch ship. Since I have had him I make 
him eat raw flesh with his stones. I could 
never get him to swallow bread He will 
drink water, wine and brandy, which last 
liquor gives him infinite pleasure. He 
sleeps at least 12 hours a day, sitting on 
the ground with one knee over the other 
and his chin resting on his right knee." 

A writer in Good UialtU points out that 
the number of illustrious persons who have 
fallen victims to appetite ie appalling to 
one who has never given the matter atten- 
tion. Henry I died of indigestion occa- 
sioned by a surfeit of eels. The death of 



Pope was imputed by bis friends to a cer- 
tain nilvcr sauce-pan in wbirb it -win one 
of his cbicf delights to prepsre potted 
lampreys. King George I died in a (it of 
iiidiKtwtion, Ibe result of his habitual gour- 
mau<li/.ing. Chiirleii Dickens was a great 
f(ouniuind, nod doubtless owed his prema- 
ture death to this cause. Delia Porto. 
ManutiijB, Dujardin and many otbprs, 
jviBtly celebrated as scholars, painters, 
architects and in the various profcsnions, 
are set down by their biographers aH hav- 
ing died of dyspepsia, caused by overeat- 
ing and improper food. 

Mom* TMno* That H'« Drink 
IIow many of Tbe Journal readers 
would imagine that more than |2, 000,000.- 
000 are invested in the dairy business in 
the Unilcd Slates alone ! Yet the figures 
are within the mark. This is almost 
double the amount invested in banking 
and commercial industries. It is estimated 
that 15,000,000 cows are required to sup- 
ply the demand for milk and its products 
in this country. To feed these cows 00,- 



I the annual milk product of this country 
does. I may say that these figures are 
taken largely from a carefully written 
article in the Philadelphia Prrna. 

If nothing stronger than milk went 
down the throats of the people as a bev- 
erage doiiblless the country would be far 
better off. Of intoxicating beverages con- 
sumed, I give the official figures for 1888 
— the latest that are accessible. Of spirit- 
0U8 liquors the consumption was 75,845,- 
853 gallons, or an average of slightly less 
than one and one-quarter gallons for each 
man, woman and child in the country. 
Of wines, 30,335,008 gallons were drunk 
(0.65 of a tfallon pei capita). The con- 
sumption of beer, ale and other malt 
liquors reached the enormous total of 
767,587,056. or 12.48 gallons for each in- 
habitant. The cost of this was something 
stupendous — immensely in advance of the 
money spent on education, public and 
private, churches, hospitals and o ther 
charitable and benevolent institutions 
combined Tbe following table, compiled 
from trustworthy sources, shows the per 



and smoking tobacco are coD»uaied ; 8.- 
000,000 pounds are used in the manufact- 
ure of snuff; 6,000,000 pounds are re- 
quired in the production of cigarettes; 
and 4,000,000 pounds of cigars are im- 
ported. This would make an average 
annual consumption of five pounds for 
every person in the country. But 
as not mure than one-fifth of our 
population use tobacco, it follows that 
those who do consume on an average 
twenty-five pounds each per annum. Opin- 
ions differ as to whether this article should 
be designated a luxury or a necessity. In 
speaking of the cost of the tobacco habit, 
an exchange says: If the tobacco users 
of the United States would abstain for a 
period of two years from chewing, smok- 
ing and sQuff-taking habit, and place the 
money they would spend for tobacco iu 
that period in a common fund, there 
would be enough money in the fund to al- 
most wipe out the entire national debt, 
and five years would give the head of 
each family in the United States enough 
money to invest in an eighty acre home 




$^(brcStc^- 



Cover Stamp of Xmes' Book of Flourishes.— Designed and Executed in Tbe Journa 



000, 000 acres of land are under cultivation . 
Agricultural and dairyinjj machinery and 
implements in use are worth over $200,- 
000,000. The men employed in the 
business number 750,000 and the horses 
over a million. The cows and horses con- 
sume annually 30,000,000 tons of hay. 
nearly 9l»,000.000 bushels of corn meal, 
about the same amount of oatmeal, 275,- 
000,000 bushels of bran, 30,000,000 bushels 
of corn, to say nothing of tons of brewery 
grains, sprouts and other questionable feed 
of various kinds that are used. It costs 
flfl0,000,000 to feed these cows and horses. 
The average price paid for the laborer 
necessary in the dairy business is probably 
♦20 a month, amounting to $180,000,000 a 
year. The average cow yields about 450 
gallons of milk a year, which gives a total 
produce of 0,750,000,000 quarts. Twelve 
cents a gallon is a fair price to estimate 
the value of this miik. a total return to the 
dairy farmer of $810,000,000 if he sold all 
of his milk as milk, but 50 per cent, of 
milk is made into cheese and butter. 
Ninety-seven pounds of milk are required 
to make one pound of butter and alwul ten 
pounds to one of cheese. There is the 
same amount of nutrition iu SJ pounds of 
milk that there is in one pound of beef aud 
fat. The steer furnishes 50 per cent, of 
beef, but it would require about 24.000,- 
000 steers weighing 1500 pounds apiece to 
produce the same amount of nutrition as 



capita cost of schools and liquor saloons 

in more than half the States of the Union: 

Schooln. Saloons. Schools. Saloons. 

Ala .',.^ 2.74 Conn.... 2. 67 15.88 

Ark 92 i.hl m 3.09 12.41 

Ga 42 4.89 Iowa. ...2.53 10. .M 

Ey S9 7.64 Mass.. ..8. 68 14.74 

La 44 18.09 Mich. ...2.26 11.41 

Miss... .67 3.48 Minn. ...2. 12 13.03 

N.C... .44 4..'i8 W. J....1.8H 21.47 

S. C... ..Sn 3.06 N.Y....2.49 22.78 

Tenn... .61 4.O0 Ohio. ...2. 78 17.81 

Va 87 5..W Penn....2.12 14.78 

Cal . . . .8. .10 40. 16 Wis 2.33 14.47 

For every dcHar spent on schools in 
Louisiana about $41 is expended for 
strong drink; about one to twelve in New 
Jersey and California, while in Arkansas, 
which shows the smallest proportion, tbe 
saloons cost nearly three times what the 
schools do. Even with this startling 
showing it is a fact beyond dispute that 
the United States is by odds the most tem- 
perate of civilized countries in the use of 
strong drink. 

The After Dinner Cigar. 

Tobacco can hardly be called an article 
of diet, though tbe after dinner cigar must 
not be left out of consideration. Indeed 
the commodity in every form naturally sug- 
gests itself in this connection. 

The amount of tobacco annually con- 
sumed in the United States is estimated by 
an apparently competent authority at 310,- 
000,000 pounds. Seventy million pounds 
are utilized in the production of domestic 
cigars; 222,000,000 pounds of chewing 



stead farm in the far Western States aud 
Territories; or it would give us a navy of 
fifty first-class war vessels, fully equipped, 
and create a fund that would man and 
maintain them and the Navy Department 
for a period of at least twenty-five years. 
Jfolable Hiataricol Itanqueta. 
History abounds with accounts of 
notable banquets that cost the ransom of a 
king, and any schoolboy can readily cite 
instances. One of the most noted w;t8 the 
feast of Belshazzar, King of Babylon. 
While the king and nobles were thus re- 
joicing the fancied security of the city, 
Cyrus at the head of the Persian invaders 
I was entering the doomed place through 
the bed of a river artificially diverted from 
Its course. The old Athenians were high 
livers, and Epicurus, one of their young 
philosophers, gave tbe name that applies 
to gourmets to-day. Properly speaking, 
however, there is no good reason which 
this should not apply to the seeker aftar 
any species of pleasure. The rich Romans 
in the days of the Cresars, and for several 
centuries after, used to expend fortunes on 
a single banquet. Lucullus was perhaps 
the most noted of them all, a single meal 
given by him to a private party sometimes 
costing as much as $30,000 of our money. 
The celebrated banquet with which Cleo- 
patra entertained Antony is variously es- 
timated to have cost from $30,000 to 
$60,000. Hider Haggard puU the value 



of the great pearl which Egypt's Queen 
dissolved in vinegar and drank on this oc- 
casion at the enormous figure of ten sis- 
tertia— about $400,000! ThU seems in- 
credible, but the draught was probably the 
most expensive that has gone down a human 
throat since the world began. 

Some of our modern feasts cost fabulous 
sums. Many times during a year banquets 
costing thousands, sometimes tens of 
thousands of dollars, are served to private 
parties at Delmonico's and other high- 
class restaurants of New York. The cost 
of one such repast would meet all the ac- 
tual needs of a person for a long lifetime. 
In some respects the most remarkable 
meal served in modern times was that to 
which the mayors of France sat down on 
August 18 last, as one of the features of 
the centennial celebration of the French 
KevolutioD It was held at the Palais de 
rindustrie. Think of a formal banquet 
at which 13,000 persons were seated, and 
which required the provision of 80,000 
plates, 52,000 glasses, 27,000 bottles of 
wine, hogsheads of soup. touE upon tons 
of eatables, and nearly 1400 waiters and 
scullions! President Carnot and all the 
great functionaries participated. 

Next month we will talk about animals. 
If you have anything to say, out with it 

How Postage Stamps are Made. 

A writer in the New York United States 
Mail gives some interesting details con- 
nected with the process of making postage 
stamps; 

As soon as they emerge from the hy- 
draulic press, postage stamps are gummed. 
Tbe paste is made from clear starch, or 
rather its dextrine, which is acted upon 
chemically and then boiled, forming a 
clear, smooth, slightly sweet mixture. 
Each sheet of stamps is taken separately, 
placed upon a flat board, and its edges 
covered with a light metal frame. Then 
the paste is smeared on with a wide white- 
wash brush, and the sheet is laid between 
two wire racks and placed on a pile with 
others to dry. Great care is taken in the 
manufacture of this paste, which is per- 
fectly harmless. This gratifying fact has 
beeu conclusively proved by an analysis 
recently made by an eminent chemist. 
After the gumming another pressing in the 
hydraulic press follows. Then another 
counting — in fact, stamps are counted no 
less than thirteen times during the process 
of manufacture. The sheets are then cut 
in half, each portion containing one hun- 
dred stamps, this being done by girls with 
ordinary hand shears. Next follows the 
perforation, which is pertormed by machin- 
ery. The perforations are first made in a 
perpendicular line and afterward in a hori- 
zontal line. Another pressing follows — 
this time to get rid of the raised edges on 
the back of the stamps made by the dies, 
aud this ends the manufacture. A sepa- 
.rate apartment is devoted to the picking 
and sending off the stamps to different 
post oflices. It will be seen by this ac- 
count that any absurd rumor concerning 
the poisonous or unclean properties of 
postage stamps is utterly without founda- 



A Sort of Crazy Volapuk. 

" Volapiik has a vigorous rival in the 
Chinook jargon, which is the medium of 
communication between about fifty tribes, 
who would otherwise be utterly unable to 
understand one another." 

This was said in the Richelieu a few 
evenings ago by Dr. C. E. Uevin, of Port- 
land, Oregon. 

" This language is not a hundred years 
old," continued he, " but it is now in cur- 
rent use over a vast territory in Oregon, 
British Colu.ubia and Alaska. It orig- 
inated because of the great number of dis- 
tinct languages in this region. It was im- 
possible to do much business along the 
Pacific Coast until a trade language of 
easy form had gradually formed itself. I 
think that Horatio Hale, at one time a 
member of the United States exploring 
expedition, was about the first to devote 
any attention to this subject. He drew 
up a vocabulary of about 250 words. Of 
these 18 were of Nootka origin, 111 were 
Chinook, 10 formed by onomatopoeia, 81 
English, 34 French, and the remainder of 
doubtful origin. In 1803 the vocabulary 
had increased to 500 words and a simple 
grammar had developed. Now we often 
bear jargon in Oregon. There are dic- 
tionaries of jargon, and 
preached and songs sung 
Chinook. It has reodered 
service to commerce in our part of the 
world, and demonstrated that an interna- 
tional language would be practicable." 



VU 1 JOIKWI, 



THE FEnsrnyE-A-isr'S leisxjr-e koxjr-. 




«(/ C. V. Cammack, Waco. Tt^ 



PENMAN'S Art Journal 



Advertising rateJi, I 
in£,$i.SOj>erinch,tac 
for term arid spaee, SpecitU e»timateM /ui 
niMhed on application. No adt^rtixrments 
taken for /«« than $2. 

Subnrription : One year $1 ; one number 10 
centM, No fre* sample* except to ttona fide 



Foreign mbMcriptii 
lal Vnion) t\.26pery 



New York, Jnuc, 18D0. 



coKTeNrs. 



)iiK«er7 of Tmte ia EatlDg; PeopieAvbo E 



)ourJ»be«— OpIniODB of Experts'. , 



a'n!;; 




A FEW weeks more 
will find the Buainess 
Educntore' Associa- 
tion in session on the 
beautiful shores of 
I Lake Chautauqua. It 
^^ is thought that the 
attendance will ex- 
ceed that for several 
years. The journey 
itself is well worth 
the taking from any 
part of the country 
for the beauty of the 
surroundings, and the 
associations of the 
place. It is to be sincerely hoped that 
the younger element of the profession will 
show itself in force. The following letter 
was received u few days since from the 
chairman of the Executive Committee : 
Editor Joukkal : 

Pennit the Executive Committee of the 
It. E. A. of A. to state through your 
columns that the arrangements for the 
Twelfth Annual Convention, to be held at 
Chautauqua, beginning July 23. are nearly 
perfected, and that the prospect for an un- 
usually large attendance and an interesting 
session are most cheering. 

Whether the program, as pijblished 
in the May issue ot The Joiihnal, can 
be adhered to strictly, on account of 
the bewildering attractions that will be 
presented every day by the Chautauqua au- 
ihorities. is uncertain. Since the lectures 
and entertainments referred to consume 
but four and a half hours a day, however, 
it is apparent that our members will be 
able to attend them and yet have all the 
lime that will be necessary to carry out 
our exercises ^ outlined. The Chautau- 
qua program provides no public exercises 
ixccptiDg'from 11 a.m. to 12, 2.30to5, 
and 8 to 9 p.m. This arrangement will 
allow US from 8.30 to 11 a.m., 1 to 2.30 
and 6.30 to 8 p.m. each day for our work, 
which it is believed will be sufficient. 

Bishop Vmcent informed me, io a re- 
cent interview, that the Chautauqua 
authorities will do everything within the 
range of reason to render our meeting suc- 



cessful, and to tontribiife to our happi- 
ness individually and collectively. 

The Executive Committee is looking 
forward to the meetin(r with high exptcta- 
tioDs. ResDectfully ynurs, 

L L. Williams. 
Chairman Executive Committee. 



Namca, Genilcnieo, Nanica and 
AddresMes. 

It ought not to be necessary for us to con- 
tinually remind business teachers and other 
experts in practical sfTairs to be more careful 
with their correspondence. It is a very com- 
mon thing for UI to receive packages and eveu 
letters without any address or other means of 
identiScetinn. Doutitless when the writer 
sends such a message as this: " Under separate 
cover we mail you specimens for notice," rolls 
up the specimen? and forwards them without 
any mark of identification , be has in his mind 
that we will naturally associate ihem with his 
letter. If be would stop to think that it is h 
very common thing for 
such letters by one mail 
that frequent mistakes a 



THE EDITOR'S CALENDAR, 



—The June Century ojwns with another ar- 
ticle by Albert Stiaw, whose paper ou " Glas- 
gow" recently attracted so much attention. 
This time Mr. Sbaw treats of " London Poly- 
technics and People's Palaces," a subject which 
IS particularly timely, as similar institutions 
arespringine up in different parts of the world. 
The frontispiece is a portrait of Walter Besant, 
author of "All Sorts and Conditions of Men." 

John La Farge, who is writing " An Artist's 
Letters from Japan." this month descrilies the 
very beautiful temple of ly^mitsu. and makes 
some general remorkB oh Japanese arcbitect- 
m-e. These papers, being both illustrated and 
written by the famous color is t, are quite 
unique in their treatment of a subject which 
is growing in popularity —namely , the hfe. 
art. religion, and thought of the Japanese. 

This being the first summer number of the 
Century, Walter Camp's illustrated paper ou 
" Track Athletics in America" is particularly 
timely. 

Perhaps tbe most striking featmre of this 



stories: among them are " Spot the Mustang." 
byD. B. Wegener, of the Philadelphia 'IHrnes; 
"Martha's IVavels." by Katharine B. Foot; 
" Ickery Aon,'' an unusually impressive story, 
by Mrs. Klia W. Peattie; " AlismiUv." by 
Mrs. Jessie Bentou Fremont; -The Rubber 
Boy." by Florence E. Weld; " Blnssom." by 
Mrs. Kate Upson Clark, and " The Indian 
Guardian," by Grace Uean McLeod. Two 
serials arelwgun; "Tbe Quest of the Whip- 
ping Boy." by fJetirt;iaim Washington, an 



BrownitiK Clul. ou Jaimury n. The volume is 
prefaced by a fac-niunle autograph letter from 
the (jreat poet to Mr, Bardwn, accepting an 
appomtment for a meeting. The Syracuse 
Browning Club is the oldest in America, hav- 
ing been organized nearly ten years. 

)roper respect for ^ 



and the profit to be obtained from tbe " Library 
of American Literature,"publisbed by Charles 
L, Webster & Co., New York. It* eleven 
handsome octavo volumes comprise over tJOOO 
pages, including 160 full page portraits. The 
work leaves nothing to be desired, presenting 
tracts from the writings of 
e and adopted, from the time 




Tlie Above Cut was Made in Thb Journal Office for a Bonk in Press by the Chas. S. Macnair Pabtishing Co., Detroit. Presented 
as a Spfcinten of lionnd-Haml Script. 



Penmanship as Taught by Our Business Colleges. (Stockton, Cal., B. C.) 




have received a dozen packages in the past 
month that we are not able to place at aU. One 
is an engraving representing a young lady 
posing before a typewi-iter (Caligraph) asking 
for au estimate on producing a cut of that de- 
scription. It would save much trouble and 
Hniiuyaiue to adiipt un invariable rule of put^ 
[ill- rill- aililfv- ami name on every article or 
\m\\'A< .>i uiiiii- >iiit, whether they are re- 
tail . i i" km in I. It. I or not. Then if by any 
ni riiii-nt tiny -li-mid become detached from 
the communication referring to them it would 
t>e an easy matter to straighten things out. 

The above specimens are from the Stock- 
ton Bus. College. Penman F. E. Cook 
writes : 

"The first ia in the style that I write 
copies for business students. The other is 
by A. U. Fuson, a graduate of mine, book- 
keeper for Hedges, Buck & Co." 

TeaehiT Wanted. 

A flrsfc-class commercial teacher may secure 
a position in a large business school by ad- 
dressing " Westei 



Penman's Art 



numiwr is the t)eginning of another anony- 
mous novel called "The Anglomaniacs. " The 
scene is laid In New York, and the story is 
evidently written by one who knows well tbe 
situation. The pictures are furnished by 
C, D, Gibson, who knows how to give charm 
to his heroines, 

— 8(. Nicholas for June has an exciting and 
instructive story. "With Stick and Thread.'' 
by L. Clarke Davis, relating a boy fisherman's 
triumph in capturing a " reri drum " with i-od 
and reel. No angler can iv.i.i n uubnut a de- 
sire to start at once ■ ■ ■ 
ItisillustratedbyM.J. 

telhng 



story is "A Divided 
telhng o 
the Pede 



compromiM - 



uist either, he 



of the original John Smith to the present day. 
It is edited by Edmund Clareni* Stedman, the 
poet-banker, and Ellen Mackay Hutchit 
and may be obtained upc 
tageous to the purchaser. 



f be obtained upon terms very advan- 



— Ml-. Andi-ew J, Graham, the shorthand 
author, favors us with a beauti ."iil little volume 
contaimiig Scoit's immortal nneni, • The Ladv 
of the Laki-; ill ■■Grabnni's Standard Pho- 
nography," witli common print kevinterpaged. 
The bock bus :i\iH images witli c<.pious notes and 
1 gold 

I afford t 



Graham v 



of work, 
without i 

— We have i 
of the B. E. A. at their Eleventh Annual 
Meeting, held at Cleveland last July. The 



ved the ofilcial pi"ooeediugs 



r 20U pages. 



volume is a neat one of a little o 

While wo have .. 

■ougldy.Jhe tm-uing of half a dozen pages 



""^'^Vi" "{'''"'' ' ^'"'-'' "-" '"v.nnjiiiguf the world. 
»■* ' Li'-'HiiR' 11 (,/,' . I "■'(/.<.■ 'jiieiis with a beau- 
tiful frontispiece by E, H. Garret, which 11- 
lustr^ a story as beautiful, by Annie Bn 



!■ McCord has done his duty ii 



— t hi- goLHl opinion which we have held and 
expressed ot tho quality of work turned but by 
the big printing firm of Kinstly & Stephens, 
Shenandoah. Iowa, is strengthened by a glance 




SCHOOL AND PERSONAL. 



■ KOM THE band- 
I eugravetl in- 
we judge Ihat 
ilthey do thiugs up in ship-shape 
t the Hpencerian Biis, Col- 
^ i.Iege, WajJiington, D. C. 
■i=^ when it comes to graduat- 
1 be event 
lay ^li, and 
was the twenty-fourth 
aniiivei"sary. The grad- 
uating cla£« was di- 
vide<l about equally be- 
tween two sexes. Prof. 
H. V. Upeaoer addressjed 
the gentlemen and Mrs. 
Spenwrtbe ladie^i. The awarding of diplomas 
was won by Hon. William T. Harris VI. >S. 
Commissioner of Education, who made an ad- 

— J. C. Emerick, the accomplished young 
man wbo has establi8ht<d a business connection 
with Chaffee's Institute, Oswego, has a marvel- 
ous command of the instrument be wields. We 
are pleased to note that bis mail business 
is a.'suming Battering proportions. 

—J. A. Htroburg, of the faculty of the Au- 
gustana Bus. College, Kocklaud. 111., is master 
of a style of writing that must give his corres- 
pondents pleasure. He is also a teacher of 

— W. U. Mortland, a Musselmaniau, whose 
work has beeu shown in The Journal, has 
bought tbe interest or C. E. D. Parker in the 
Central Business College, Leavenworth, Ken., 
the Ann now being Lea^h & Mortland. The 
prospects for this school wei-e never brighter, 

—The twenty-seventh annual exercises of 
the Provideucft B. and S. Collesre will bo held 
on June 2ii, There are to be musical and liter- 
aj-y exercises and a steamboat excureion , 

—The faU term of the Rushville (111.) Normal 
and Commercial College opens on September -. 
Principal Maxwell Keimedy is well pleased 
with the seboors prospects for continued and 
inorea.sing prosperity. 

— Corso, Mo., has a very promising penman 
in S. P. Morris, wbo loses no opportunity to 
enrich bis library with tbe latest work.s on 
eveiything pertaining to his profession, 

— W, J. Musser, a graduate of DufF's Bus. 
College, Pittsburgh, and a capable penman, 
has purchased from E. B. Guion a half interest 
in a Washington, Pa., Bus. College, 

— On the evening of May l.'> tbe Fourth An- 
nual reunion of tbe students and graduates of 
the Speneerian Writing Acauemy, Pbiladel- 



s beM at tbe r 



isof t 



1009 Ai'ch street. After music and addresses 
Principal T. H. M'Cooi presented diplomas to 
tbe graduates. The invitation represents the 
work of a very competent engi'aver. 

-While we think of it, a word in commen- 
dation of the work of J. W. Waful. Nesque- 
honing. Pa., is quite in order. 

— No one can examine tbe catalogue of tbe 
Indianapolis Bus. University without con- 
tracting a good opinion of the intellectual and 
practical resources of the Eentleraen who con- 
trol tbe destinies of that school Another con- 
clusion, inevitable iii tbe premises, is tbe pros- 
perity of tbe school, of which tbe catalogue 
gives so many evidences. Tbe past year has 
shown an increase of business much greater 
than any previous year, and Messrs. Heeb and 
Osboru, the proprietors, are to be sincerely 
congratulated. 

— Tbe new directorate of the Jamestown, 
N. Y., Bus. College, includes J. J. Crandall. 
Principal, and F. W. CrossBeld, secretary, 
both capable and experienced men, Mr. Cran- 
dall has servid as school commissioner of Cat- 
taraugus County and has also won the honors 
attaching to the presidency of tbe New York 
State Association of School Commissionei's 
and Superintendents. 

— C. E. Webber, who for some time has been 
connected with the Davenport, Iowa. Bus, Col- 
lege and whose fine script specimen was shown 
in The Journal last month, has been engaged 
to teach next season at Atkinson's Bus. College, 
Sacramento. Cal. 

— " An old school withanewmanagemont." — 
ibe Archibald Bus. College, Rickaid & Gru- 
man, proprietors. These gentlemen say that 
they have found business good during the past 
year and have a good deal more in sight for 
next. They certainly have studied to advan- 
tage the art of making attractive circulars. 

^I. C. F. Kyger. A.B,. late of Baylor Col- 
lege, Waco, Tex , has established the Gate 
City Bus, College, at Denison, Tex., and re- 
ports an encouraging outlook. E. L. Owsley 
is the secretary. Mr, Kyger is a very earnest 
and enthusiastic teacher of penmanship and is 



— H. B. Fleming, of Enterprise, Knn., has 
been instructing a large class in the mj'steries 
of the peimian's art. He also does a good 
business writing cards, invitations, &c. 

— We find a good deal to admire in the ease 
and grace exhibited in letters received from 
president F. E. Wood, of Wood's Bus. College, 
Scranton, Pa. 

— Piincipal B. A. Davis, Jr.. of the Virginia 
Bus. College, Stuart, Va., has accepted a 
proposition from the business men of Bedford 
City, Va,,to remove his school to that place. 
The transfer will be made next month. A fine 
building with accommodations for four hun- 
dred students will bo the home of the institu- 

— M. J. Catou bas now a trinity of bus. 
colleges, the latest addition being at Detroit, 
Micb. We learn from a notice in a Detroit 
paper that the immediate management of this 
institution will be intrusted to Mr. Alexander 
Elmsley, secretary, C. W. Campbell, a teacher 
of many years experience, will have charge of 



tic pen worker. 

— E, L. Mcllravy has disposed of the Law- 
rence, Kan.. Bus. ColleRe, of which he had been 
president for years. We are not informed who 

— J. F. Cozart, of the Washington College, 
Irvingtou. Cal.. is the latest addition to the 
faculty of Heald's Busineee College, San Fran- 
cisco. He is an excellent all-round penman, 
equally at home at script, lettering or flourish- 
ing. 

— Frank J . Sprague, of the faculty of Union 
Academy Commercial Department. Belleville, 
N. Y., will teach next season in the Poi*ter 
Bus. College. Port Plain, N. Y, He has the 
reputation of being an energetic and ca|>able 
instructor. 

— the Philadelphia Sfvnogrnpher, published 
at 1134 Garrard street, Philadelphia, is the 
latest shorthand periodical that has come to 
our attention. Tbe giowtb of this sort of 
journalism in the past few years has been sim- 




: for Book lUvstrnfi 



IM^^I 


^ 




PB 


M 


^^^ 


^ 


't!wa 


H 


9 


t^k 


=s^ 




M 


I 


^n 


^ 




^ 


■ 



. Pitpil of T. H. McCool, PhUadelphia. 



the business depai*tment, and J. H. Roney, 
a teacher of I'i years standing, will conduct 
the department of theory. 

—The Wyman Institute, Upper Alton, III., 
prints a business-like circular, in the front of 
which the various buildings connected with the 
institution are sho^vn. The picture gives the 
appearance of a small town. The buildings 
are in the modern style, spacioiLs and altract- 



— An attractively engraved 
uounced the fifth annual 
cises of the Wilkes-Barre. Pa., Bus. College, 
held on May 'ilst. From tbe business depart 
ment there were forty-four male graduates and 
eleven female. The shorthand and typewrit- 
ing department yielded one male and seven 
female graduates. These were exclusive of tbe 
night school graduates, numbering eleven. 
Frederick Schneider is principal of this school 
and W. S. Chamtierlain, the well-known pen- 
man, secretary. 

— Many practical sketches are to be found in 
the Practicat fcr;^,„, ,, lOhw, ,/,.,-, Covington, 
Ind. L. M. H..l,n. - I. , Ji-.., ,u,.| i.mprietor. 

— J. T. Hum;. tin.-, .-irh,. \ll.i.,ii, la., Semi- 



piy 



Fi-o 



cursory 

thLi pai-ticular youngster is apparently well 
fed and able to stand squarely on its legs. 

—People who are not above being interested 
by details connected with the practical side of 
lite will tirid much to their taste in Business, 
published at Norwich, Conn, A, R. Birchard, 
Principal of tbe Snell Bus. College, is editor, 
and does his work with excellent judgment 

— T, M. Williams and J, M, Phillips, of the 
Actual Bus, Coll., Pittsburgh, advertise with 
a profusely illustrated circular. 

—From Des Moines we have The Account- 
ant^ a paper devoted to practical education in 
all its branches. The printing and tbe editing 
are both done with care, and the subscription 
price of 50 cents a year ought to make affairs 
in the counting room boom. 

—The latest catalogue issued by C. P. 
Zaner, Columbus, Ohio, is worth buying and 
paying well for as a specimen book. It is 
something unique in the line of school cata- 
logues, and sets an example that many schools 
might proUt by. An expensive wood-cut 
paper is used, and the mechanical details are 
of the best. The illustrations ai*e of script, 
flom-ishing. portrait work and geneml orna- 



mental penwork. and the " general get up " of 
the pamphlet gives evidence of a good deal of 
brain work, as well as extremely skillful hand 
work. If a book of this kind doesn't bring 
business it would seem to indicate a degree of 
obtuseness on the part of the public that we 
should be pained to think existed. 

— M. L. Miner, late associate principal of Uie 
Interlake Bus. Coll.. Latt-mig. Mich., has en- 
gaged to teach at the Jersey City Bub College. 
Mi-. Miner is one of many teachere who have 
been put in first-class positions within two 
mouths through tbe medium of the Journal 
Employment Bureau. 

— P, T, Benton, of the Iowa City Bus. Col- 
leges, does a brisk business filling local and 
mail orders for pen work and hand engraving, 
being a proficient in both arts. 

—The great auditorium of the Metropolitan 
Opera House. New York, with its five or six 
tiers of boxes, was packed to overflowing on 
the evening of May 20. Itwas Packard's com- 
mencement, and that a'ways brings out a rep- 
resentative metropolitan assemblage. On 
the stage were the faculty, graduates and 
speakers. Fifty-five diplomas were awarded 
to graduates fi-om the school of business. 
There was just a seasoning of girls in this de- 
parbnent. The girls led largely in the short- 
hand department, however, 49 graduating in 
all from this department. Mr. Packard 
awarded the diplomas. The speakers wei-e 
Rev. Charles H. Eaton, Rev. John R. Paxton, 
(ien. Wager Swayue, Gen. CUnton B. Fisk 
imd J. Edward Simmons, President N. Y. 
Board of Education, Rev. William Lloyd 
I)ronomiced the benediction. The music was 
by Cappa's celebrated Seventh Regiment 
Band. 

— W: H. Carrier, Adrian, Mich., has made 
an improvement on his well-known writing 
attachment that much increases its value. 
This little instrument, we are glad to learn, has 
made many friends. As the inventor well says 
in a private letter, those who have given it an 
intelligent test have invai-iably got good re- 
sults from it, and those who are not interested 
enough to do so would not acquire the advan- 
tage it gives by any other means. 

— H. C. Carver has disposed of his interest 
in the Beatrice, Kan., Bus. College, and will 
establish a new one at Red Oak, Iowa. 

— Fi'om tbe San Francisco Bus. College we 
have received a well made catalogue, profusely 
illustrated with penmanship specimens from 
the pen of C. L. Ellis, principal, and several 
students, prominent among whom we notice 
E. D. Cheliis, a young penman of excellent 

—The Journal hos a strong friend at the 
McPherson, Kan.. Bus. College, in the person 
of F. E. Fahnestock, principal of the commer- 
cial department, who omits no opportunity to 
place it before his pupils. It goe^ without say* 
iug that be is a good writer and an earnest in- 

— Chartier's catalogue, Paris, Tex., is at- 
tractive in its illustrations and arrangement. 
A number of pen specimens are shown. 

—J. F. Fish, secretary of the Ohio Business 
University, Cleveland. Ohio, expresses his ap. 
preeiation of The Jodrnal by sending a club 
of 2G of his pupils, the second club of the sea- 
son from him. Similar reinforcements hove 
been received from .1 . H. Boehtenkircher, 
Princeton. Ind., Normal College; R, E. Gal- 
lagher, Canada Bus. Coll., Hamilton, Ont. ; 
S. A. D. Hahn. Helena, Mont,, Bus. Coll. ; W. H. 
Patrick, Sadler's Bus. Coll., Baltimoi-e; O. J. 
Pem-ose, Amity College, College Springs, 
Iowa. ; T. C, Strickland, East Gi-eeumch, R. I. , 
Academy; Frank Sullivan, Nelson Bus. Coll., 
Cincinnati; H. E. Perrin, Maukato, Minn., 
Bus. Coll.; W. H. Shrawder, Richmond, Ind.^ 
Bus. ColL; W. J. Bentley, Corry, Pa., Bus! 
Coll.; W. L. Beeman, Red Wing M inn., Bus 
Coll. All of these gentlemen have sent at least 
one other club this season, aud several of them 
three or four. Other clubs of good size have 
been received from Uriah McKee, Oberlin, 
Ohio, Bus. Coll. ; G. M. Lynch. Tribune, Kan. ; 
J. P. Bornhart. Lebanon. Ohio; W. H. Barr, 
teacher of public schools, Gananoque, Ont. ; 
L. A. Gray, Portland, Me., Bus. Coll., and 
C. E. Chase, State Normal College, Indiana 
Pa. ; J. E. Campbell, New Stanton, Pa. ; S, A.' 
Drake, Clark's Bus. Coll., Erie, Pa. Wedesire 
to sincerely thank these and others who have 
so favored us. 



MllbHt 



■I ben 



KnrroR of The Journal : 

Are there any special teachers of writing u 
public schools wbo visit tbe school once ii 
two weeks or at longer intervals ' 

Teacher. 




THE EDITOnSCRAPBOOK. 

ynii tl.ink we are 
[(^•(ting along ijuiU? 
»ly with our 
ung rlas* of 
ornamental pen work- 
' era t Some very cred- 
itable bitj) have been 
sbuwii in jjruviouK imues. We present more in 
tbiB nua have a number in reserve. The initial 
beginning tbia paragraph is one of the batch 
by C. IL Weiner, South Whitley, Ind., noticed 
lust month. Sinoo then he hap sent others— 
tionio of them very good. We also show in this 
lft*ue cilever little dortgns by H. V. Fountain, 
West New Brighton, N. Y., and August 
Fischer, Philadelphia. The idea is growing 
and ft is a good one. Small, simple, striking 
du^fgus are the best, and initial letters, start 
and end i>leocs are good nubjects. 

—A large and elaborate specimen of pen 
drawing comes from C. E. Hensel, Colorado, 
Ohio, a pupil of Zaner. The composition isun- 
UBuully good for a young worker, aud the 
treatment rovenls considerable artistic feeling. 
— H. A. Howard, the well-known scribe of 
the Rockland, Me,, Bus. Coll., sends a pictor- 
ial design which includes ornamental lettering 
of a high order. The specimen is altogether 
pleasing. 

— We have some very delicate shading pen 
elTecte in gilt and tints from W. P. Giessemaii. 
of the Big Four C's, Des Moines. The re- 
sources of this instrument m a trained hand are 
gimply wonderful. We referred to the matter 
last month in connection with the work being 
done by C. E. Jones, of Chic^o. Since then 
we have received some specimens from H. M. 
Murray, Seligman, Mo., J. M. Schmidt, Sagi- 
naw, Mich., aud other mile pupils of Jones, 
which show that a remarkable degree of pro- 
flcieucy in the art may be acquired in a com- 
paratively short time. 

— C. N. Faulk, penman of the Northwestern 
College, Sioux City, Iowa, contributes various 
script and flouri.'^hed specimens, clear cut aud 
practical. He handles a pen with rare ease. 
E. L, Brown, of the Rockland. Me., Bus. Coll. 
is the author of a brace of birds good enough 
for any company, • 

— It is a poor month when we haven't some- 
thing good to note from the Lone Star State. 
We have a number of capitals and miscel- 
laneous work from the facile pen of D. A. Grif- 
aths. Hill's Bus. Coll., Dallas, and another Al 
lot from E. M. Chartier. Paris Bus. CoU. 
These two penmen can bold their own with 
anyone and on any class of work. C. Q. Ketcb- 
ner, King, Tex., holds up the coming genera- 
tion's end with some well executed work in 
which written cards predominate. 

— H. B. Lehman, of Spalding's Commercial 
Coll., Kansas City, Mo., sends a number of 
cards that are highly creditable to his inven- 
tion as well as execution, embodying as they 
do a variety of styles, all good. J. P. Byrne, 
Pittsburgh, also offers some gracefully molded 
card work, smooth enough to be mistaken for 
steel plate. V(?terans A. J. Scarborough and 
A. W. Dakin, likewise enrich our collection 
with their contributions. 

— Bnck hand fii>ei;imens, in a style deserving 
special mention, come from Will S. Tilley, 
Burlington, Vt., Bus. Coll., and P. W. Cos- 
tello. Scranton, Pa. J. H. Blair, MUan, N. H.. 
sends a well made flourish. Script specimens 
of a high order have been received from T. M . 
Williams, Actual Bus. Col! , Pittsburgh ; R. 8. 
Kaneko, Newark, N. J.; D. L. Stoddard, In- 
dianapolis and J. H. Cottle, Rockland, Ohio. 

— The photograph of un ornamental design 
representing on eagle overlooking the sea re- 
calls the skill of the designer, O. J. Penrose, 
College Springs, Iowa. He accompanies it by a 
graceful origual flourish. Prom C. O. Winter, 
Hartford. Conn., we have the photograph of a 
well executed piece of engrossing. 

— It would bo impossible without seriously 
tre<ipasslug on our space to give even as much 
as the names of those who send well written 
letters. The subjoined list represents only a 
fraction of the writers. Where specimens are 
meant for review it is well to state that fact 
Hei-e are the penmen referred to : Jacob Good, 
Kullerton. Cal. ; W. A. Moulder, Adrian Coll., 
Adrian, Mich.: J. F. Barnhart, Nat. Normal 
University. Lebanon, Ohio ; M. B. Moore, 
Morgan, Ky. ; O. J. Penrose, College Sprinsrs, 
Iowa ; H. L. Knight, Avondale. Ala. ; H. D. 
Smith, Elk Kapids, Micb. : Eugene E. Piske, 
80 Worthingtou street, SpringBeld, Mass.; E. 
C. ReitK. Quiucy, IB.; E. E. Martin, Spokane 
Palls, Wash. . Bus. Coll. ; B. F. Ferguson, Con- 
mn\ Church. W. Vu., Bus. CoB. ; A. H. Stead- 
man, Steadman's Bus. Coll., Toledo, Ohio ; 
K. A. Cast, Onargo. IB ; H. C. Warden. 
Pueblo. Col.; W. W. McClelland, Allegheny 
City. Po.; M. Vernon, Upper Marlboro, Md. ; 
W. U Parkji, La Salle Nat. Bank, La Salle, 
111.; J. C. Steincr. Normal Bus. College, 
Youngstown, Ohio ; O. P. Deland, Delond's 



Bus, College, Appleton, Wis.; J. N. Lewis, 
writing teacher, Woodville. Miss.; iHiis Anna 
P. Brown. Springfield, Mass.; C. N. Faulk, 
Northwestern Bus. Coll., Sioux City, Iowa; 
John Hiller, Dayton. Ohio ; Fred. W. Hadden. 
Savannah, N. Y.'; F. B. Palmer, Caledonia 
Comers, Nova Scotia ; O. Williams, Dupout, 
Pa.; E. H. Thompson. Walla Walla, Wash.; 
Jules Randle. Jr.. Monterey. Mex.; George S. 
Fosmire, Meadville, Mo. ; S. L. Osborne, 
Augusta. Ga.; F. H Bliss, International Bus. 
Coll., East Saginaw, Mich.; C. J. Lysing. San 
Francisco. Cal. ; C. L. Free. CoUege of Bus, , 
Eastonj Pa,; J. W. Dixon, Turner's Station, 
Ky. ; M, Vernon Bunnell, Upper Marlboro, 
Md. 



— A variety of specimens come from the 
penmanship department (Kinsley) of the 
Western Normal College, Shenandoah. la. 
They include business writing, fancy lettering 



Ames' Book of Flourishes. 



iHor 



/ hy H. 




BCiiiicharil.] 
MES' BOOK OF 
FLOURISIIK8 
ha.*! taken penmen 
the country over 
f by storm, and every- 
body wants to know 
how we can afford to sell a $.5 book for 
11.50, tine cloth and gilt binding. But 
we do. The fact is we give the retail pur- 
chaser benefit of wholesale rates. Get the 
tine cloth-bound book if you c»n afford 
it, because it is handsomer and wears 
better. In all respects but the binding the 
stiff paper, price |1.00, is the 



work 



Not Even the Babies Escape! 




[afew^/^/ 



t>rawn for The Joubnal by C. M. Robinson, Charlotte, N. C. 



and flourishing. To turn the wheel back, the 
flourishing is fair, the lettering good, the 
writing, for students' work, superlative. No 
other word expresses it. This is the .star sex- 
tette : M. S. King. L. M. Myers, B. E. 
Harper, C. F, Johnson, W. W, Spear and 
W. G. Bishop, (Since the above was in type 
we have received an extremely creditable flour- 
ish from Lizzie R. Forges, River Sioux, Iowa.] 

—A hundred or so of the students of Carnell 
& Gutchess's Albany Bus. College have fa- 
vored us with specimens of their writing. A 
more uniformly excellent lot it has not t>een 
our pleasure to examine. The style is plain, 
unshaded, and while the form is good and 
slant and spacing regular, there is every 
evidence of a free movement. We have not 
room for a hundred names, and scarcely any- 
thing else would do fuU justice to these ambi- 
tious young men and women. Many a man 
would consider hU fortune made if ho could 
write like Frank W. Palmer, P. J. Gomple. 
Richard F. O'Meara, M. B. Russell or many of 
the others. 

— F. P. Russell, superintendent of writing 
in Dr. Carpenter's B. and S. College, St. 
Louis, )>ermits us to see what his boys can do 
with the pen. David Baer and William Mollet 
write as if they had had plenty of counting 
room experience. Excellent work also comes 
from S. E, Moreton, Martha Freymark, 
G. H. Becker and WilUam Holtmanu. The 
latter is a prodigy of twelve years, who takes 
to ink like a duck to water, and Mr. Russell 
expects to make an uU-round penman of him. 

Neat and Quite to llie Polut. 

We have recently received from Prof. D. T. 
Ames, New York, a new diploma, which we 
have had made for use in all of the depart- 
ments of our school. Students completing the 
course of studies prescribed in either the com- 
mercial, academic or shorthand will now 
receive a diploma. The workmansip on the 
diploma is indeed elegant, and for design aud 
have OS yet seen nothing equal 
School Visitor, Madiiton, \VU. 



It is under the mark to say that this 
work contains five times as many flourishes 
as any book ever before printed, and per- 
haps- twice as many us all other similar 
publications now in print combined. Per- 
haps the best known of such works now 
in print are "Williams and Packard's 
Gems," "Ames' Compendium," and the 
" New Spencerian Compendium." These 
three works, at a cost of $17.50, together 
contain only about one-fourth the variety 
and number of flourished designs to be 
found in "Ames' Book of Flourishes. " 
The work also contains instructions and 

The work in both bindings is ready for 
deliverj' on receipt of price. Though it 
has been out less than a month, we have 
received a large number of testimonials 
from those who have bought it. Here are 
some of them : 

An In«pirtttion to Turn Over Its Pages. 

W. J, Kinsley, Shenandoah, Iowa, writes: 
" I am indeed wonderfully pleased with Aiues' 
Book of Flourishes, and think it is without 
doubt one of the greatest additions we have 
ever had to our penmanship collection. The 
work given therein shows marvelous skill on 
the part of the many talented penmen repre- 
sented, while the quality of the paper and the 
mechanical jmrt of the book is all that could 
be desired. I hope that each and evei-y pen- 
man and every student of penmanship in the 
country will add this valuable book to his col- 
lection. Ic is an inspiration to turn over its 
pages." 

" Huperb ** in the Word. 

W. J. Staley, Pnncipal Com. Dep't CorneU 
College, Mount Vernon, Iowa: " Far the best 
work ot the kind ever pubbshed. It is simply 
superb. I wouldn't take $15 for my copy if I 
couldn't get another." 

Incomparably Cheap. 

Fielding Schofleld, Quincy, IB.: "Ames' 
Book of Flourishes gives us, in a compact and 




beautiful form, some of the latest and highest 
achievements of skill in its line, and represents 
the work of more penmen than any book vet 
on the market. It is, moreover, incomparably 
cheap! No one not having the facilities of the 
publisher could afford to sell such a book at 
such a price." 

InvatuaM*- to the Young Penman. 
L. H. Jackson, Va. Bus. Coll., Stuart, Va.: 
"It indeed embodies the cream of flourishes 
and is invaluable to the amateur or any pen- 
man student. The lesson alone is as good as 
any first-class male teacher would give for the 
price of the book, so that it practically costs a 
student nothing." 



E. A. Cooper. Britt<m. South Dakota; 
certainly the finest work of the kind e^ 
lished. and w6rtb ten times 



'It it 



Commendm It to All. 
W. J. Bently, Corry, Pa., Bus. Coll.: 
"Your beautiful Book of Flourishes at hand. 
The mechanical part of the work is in keeping 
with the designs, and one needs but to hear the 
authors' names to be awai*e of its inestimable 
value. I commend the work to all lovers of 
the t)eautiful." 

G. E. Weaver. Mt. Morris, III.: "It is the 
liest book of the kind I have ever seen, and if 
the sale of it is based on merit it will out ti'avel 
anything on pen flourishing now before the 

A Perfect Gem. 

L. L. Smitb, Chaddock CoU., Quincy, 111.: 
" I must say I have never seen anything to 
equal the " Book," either in regard to quality 
or price. No man that pretends to be a pen- 
man can afford to be without it. It is a perfect 
gem, and weU worth twice the price you seU 

Woitdrrful in Seope and Variety. 

J. E. PhiUips, PhiUips' Business College, 
Syracuse : " Its scope aud variety is wonder- 
ful, embracing as it does the work of many 
authors, displaying strong individuaUty and 
varied tastes. The work, as a whole, is a mar- 
velous collection, is a grand inspiration to the 
amateur, suggestive to the skilled omameutal 
writer, and a feast to the lovers of art, aud is 
worth many times its cost. No single author 
could have produced such a book, and none 
but the Penman's Art Journal could have 
collected the material and published such a 
magnificent volume for the pricft" 
A Book for Everybndy. 

A. W. McGeachin. County Clerk, Peters- 
burg. 111.; "Your Book of Flourishes is the 
finest I ever saw. It should be in the hands 
of every penman, and no family or lover of 
penmanship should be without it." 

J. W. Ratcliffe, Penmanship Teacher, But^ 
ler, Tenn. : " I am highly pleased with it and 
showed it to my friends, who were all de- 
hghted." 

Hae the Field to Itaelf. 

E. A. Cast, Onargo, HI. : " The Flourishing 
book is ahead of anything of the kind that I 
have ever seen. I would not sell it for six 
dollars and do without it. It is a gem." 



rroM 



' If ■ 



S. D. Holt, Feeding HiBs, Mass.; "After 
giving Ames' Book of Flourishes a careful 
examination I pronounce it grand." 

Mould Havr It at Any Price. 

G. S. Herrick. Kendallville, Ind.: -After 
seeing the book I would have had it at almost 
any price. It is worth three times what you 
ask for it," 
\nil Lt)t Mia Frtenda Into a Good Thing. 

Fred. S. Field, Flushing, N. Y. : " Itis the 
best book in my collection, and 1 will show it 
to my friends who may wish to purchase. All 
the specimens suit me first rate." 

TOO LATE. 

I opened the door of the cage, 
And suffered my bird to go free; 
Tbo' with tears 1 mourned and sought it again, 



And in the lone forest has found a 
I hastily uttered a 



The bird once esca(>ed wiU return iie'ei- again. 
Nor the one I have spmiied in bitt«r disdain. 
— Florence M'Curcly. 

Messrs. J. R. Holcomb & Co.. Cleveland, 
pubhshers of the Shinn Commercial Speller, 
iL^port a very gratifying auccwa with that 
popular text book. We are pleased to note 
that it has been adopted by representative 
SL-hools in Brooklyn, Newark, N. J., Buffalo, 
Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco 
and many other cities and towns. 



Origin of Mathematical Signs. 

The sign of addition is denved from 
the initial letter of the word "plus." In 
imiking the capital letter it was made more 
mid more carcltssly until the top part of 
llic |i was plttt-ed near the center, hence 
the plus sign was finally reached. The 
sign of Hubtraction was derived from the 
word ••minus." The word wos first con- 
tracted to m n s. with a horizonial line 
above to indicate the contraction, then at 
last the letters were omitted altogether, 
leaving the short line — . The multipli- 
cation sign was obtained bv changing the 
plus sign into the letter X. ' This was done 
because muUipHcatiou is but a shorter 
form uf addition. Division was formerly 
indicated by placing the dividend above 
the horizontal line and the divisor below. 
In order to save space in printing, the 
dividend was pUcud to the left and 
the divisor to the right, with a sim- 
ple dot in place of each. The radical 
sign was derived from the initial letter of 
the word ''radix." The sign of equality 
was first used in 1S57 by a sharp mathe- 
matician who substituted it to avoid re- 
peating "equal to." — Floatint/ Item, via 
Ojfirnrten'n R<-ror<l. 






Copj-Book Syn 



i;» 



The American Book Company, which is 
lwat«d at 606 and 608 Broadway. New York, 
has iniiH.-hasecl the school book publications of 
D. Appleton He Co., A. S. Barnes & Co., Ivi- 
son. Blukemau & Co., and Hai'per & Bros., 
New York; Van Antwerp, Brag & Co., Cin- 
ciunati, and other publishing houses. The 
t«xt books which were published by these com- 
panies \v\\\ be owned entirely by the new con- 
cern, which is a stock comDany mcoiporat^d 
under the laws of the State of New Jereey. 
H. Ctiampliu, an energetic and highly capable 
penman, who was special teacher of penman 
ship with the Appletons, has been engaged by 
tlie new firm in the same position. BmJseye 
Blakemau is president of the new company, 
Gen. A. C. Barnes, vice-president, and (George 
R. Catlicart, of the old firm of Ivison, Blake- 
man & Co., general manager. The Speuceriao. 
Barnes', Harpers", Appletons', P. D. & S., 
and other leading copybook systems are thus 
brought under one ownership. 



irui 

is a lart;e work, devoted to in- 

. arithmetic, accounting, spelling, 

grammar, penmanship and other branches 



which tbe business student 
work is so arranged as to dispense as far as 
possible with the necessity of personal instruc- 
tion, which debars so many from attaining 
proficiency in this Une. We nave made a large 
numtier of fine penmanship plates tor this 
book (one of them shown in this number) and 
have the best of reasons for believing that it 
will prove a very popular and successful work. 



JITUATION Tr*NTED- 



FUL," c 






unship and book-keepinu: : good bab- 






lued 



POSITION WAlVTKD.-Byacti 
wlio has hod considcnible PYpiri 
both bii8lnc.ss collcce ami iJiibli^' sil 

T<^ach<.-M all commerohil i.. i,. ,,: 

Ship, pltun 
Address " ' 

JOORNA 



snip, pitun ana iiiiibMr 
Address "ALL-ROrNJ) 



fvc experieuci 
i-iuu, «ud is npen t( 
Bcboul ; teaches also 
ins: will ac -' - 
where wood 



tion, and is npen 
Bcboul ; teaches alsi. »i .' 
ins: will accept mod. 

INDUSTitTOU-, 



uu<«i'riuK w.i'>i'i'i':u m a (commercial 
■ Collciic by un rnerpcMc young raon with 



^^ 



cbanite; s*ilurv SWK), 



ra.lN TOir WANT.— An expert pon- 
fi and a well-knuwu teaclier of all the 



I'*':',:',", 



vv 



school : salary $12U0. 



" SHOKT-HAND," care of Thb Jodbnai.. 



VV 



ANTED-A irraduate of i 



best of referea< 



looA Business Col- 
id can furnish the 
"AllTIST PRN- 



POSITION IVANTKD In a school of good 
iitandiuir by an educated man with three 
L'her of peu- 



manshfp and commercial branches. Ueferences 



i The Joubnal. 



POSITION IVANTED t 
munsfaip and commeruta 
petent man, graduate fn 
Elusmei^ Colleges. Four 
teaching lo a large nchool. T 

narian. Address "COMPETEN'f.' 



good dlsolpli- 



of tlU' 

age, o.\ 
sFngh' 



INTED.— Ry Poramercial 

lini:, iirlthmetic, correapond- 
il hniMchcs; to have chBrge 



Vyj 



Udli applicants will state experience, age, n 
rlcdor single, retercnces and salary expet^i 
Address "TKACHKBOF EXPBHIENCE," t 
The Jodrkai» i 



FOB SALE.— All or one-half Interest In a 
well advertised and paying BusfneTt Col- 
lege, located In a booming Western city of about 
lOJXIDiohuliitauta; countr}- thickly settled and 



ntry thi. 
1 lOO mil 



FOR SALE.— A well-established Business 
College in a growing Kastern city. Very 
plensani, well lighted and nicely furnished 
rooms. Long lease and low rent. Ooud open- 
ing for a pufifiing business manager. Price low. 
Address ■'n.E.COLLEGE."ch re The. TODRNAL. 



United si;M.-. w ill -.11 nil 
right pu-iA M'-.y- 



;rANTED.-To ti 



ijn the services of a flrst- 



cla3» teacherof Graham's sj stem of short- 
aand. A mnle teacher and one w ith experir 
who is a good rustler, can orocure a mosi 
celleot position by addreeaing "X. Y. Z.," 



VYAI^TGD.-To purchase a half-interest in 

a good Business College located in the 

West; cosh. Address '" A." care Thk Jodknal. 



I BLiatlE HOLDEBK — Patented, 
d styles, ttest In size and shape, i 




•^.^■■C^<ii^^-i^..-'e:C^,d.'C-,^'Z<:^^£^^ 



c^€^<trty.'<C^>z>€f^ 



|II^ I fi r| fk The proprietor of one Of the 
»IP*-OV7Vi lai'ge business colleges desli-es 
the services of a commercial teavher fully com- 
peteni to take the ptinclpalship of the book- 
keeping department. To the right party a 
sailary of %\m\ will be paid - Address giving full 
purticulara "POSITION OP IMPOKTANCE," 



e The Jo 



W 



well educated and i: 
man shoit-hand. A 
PENTEK Principal. 



; type-writing department of i 



3 knowledge of Plt- 



ANT SCHOOL within two or three bou 
ride of New York can arrange with a tlr 
class teacher of ijenmanship, bookkeeping, bi 
lutss papers, correspondence, etc , for t 
months of July and August. Twelve yea 
■ — '■ — d highest references. Addn 



'VACATION.' 



<& I (tnn FOK THE ITIAiV who c 

•TpXOUU the bin. JHu«t 6e (1) an j? 
man : (2) an Al all-round commercial tei 
(3) of good appearance and habits. If t 



Jou, 



t about your meeting these reqi 
vo yourself the troubl 
■NOHMAL COLLEGE, 



ivo yourself the trouble of writing. 



YV^'^'^'E'* ■''*> BUY.— Half interest in a 
■" good Business CoUeirc: am a steuog- 

__ . jiting pen- 

tperience. four years, 
:iuai; referenoea. escel- 
Buliclted. Address "R 
Postmaster, Johns. Ala. 



good Business College ; 

icHch all commercial branches excepting 
uitnsblp: age S3 years; experience, four j 
:wo of which as principal: references.! 



Vl^ AN T&D.— Readers of tbiB paper to know 

that I will, for the next ten days, send 

sani|ile copy of my F.4nilL¥ BECOBDion 

thin paperi to any one who will send 7 cents 
stamps for mailing. The latest testimonial is 
magnlncent. Now Is tbe time, during vacation, 
to fatten your pocket-booas. Address 

H. C. CAUVEK, Box 1614 
e-K Red Oak, la. 



70B SALE— To 



Business College work, half i 



of experience in 

_„. half interest in a 

business college. Object in selling. 



AN OPENING FOR THE RIGHT BAN. 

The popular Business College and School of 
Shorthand located ut Champaign. lit , will be 
offered for sale during iprif and Mny. Estab- 
lished eight jciiry, with a large and growing 



J. B, .11. M.l < I. ..:.., .1..1,. Ill h-'l 

OEM> aic ^l.uy and I will teach you to en- 
'^ grave How«rs, names, etc., on cai*ds, the 
latest thing out. They must be seen to be 
appreciated. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



TRIAL TRIP. 

Send ?1.00for4 trial lessons in ]>enmanship 
by mail. The t)est you ever received. 

A. W. DAKIN. 



J*. F. B^X^R^ISTE 



Address 25 Vlckroy SI , PIUBbuncli, Pa. 

* FLOURISHED owl on B. Board, size 
■^ 10 X 14 inches, sent for tl.OO. It is a 
beauty. 

A. W. UAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



Done in any style, well done and at such 
prices as you can afford to jmy, and satis- 
faction guaranteed in every }>articuliu-. In- 
structions in all departments of pen art by 
mail. Tbe best ot supplies at bottom 
prices. Finest and most practical Alpha- 
bets jmblished. Handsome specimens of 
Drawing, Flourishing, Lettering, FloWer- 
work and Writing, with instructions, for a 
2-cent stump, 
fi., H. W. KIBBE, Utica, N. Y. 



Goldman's Advanced System for 

Locating- Errors 



Addifss for partlculai's and relerenctis, 

HENBV GOLDMAN, Author and Publisher . 

Rooms 6t&63, 147 La Salle St., Chicago, III. 



PACKAGE of the most fashionable vis- 
- itiug cards 50 cents (i5 caids). 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



"THE ACCOUNTANT." 



vith y 



1 bnhii 



e subscribe for ** Tlio i 
1 know all abiutshorthanai" ii not suo- 
for **Tl»e Accouutant." Do you 
H-hiit other office peopIearedomgV If not 
ibe for '* The Accouniant *» Are you 
it with vourpresent knowledge? If not 
r> the ACCOUNTANT CO., Des Molm 



Iowa, and get this ronnthly miigi 
with a vuTuubk- premium. Sai 






e for one year 
r freo. 



PRIVATE LESSONS 

in rapid business penmanship may be had of 
A. J. SCAHBOROUUH during the summer 
months, as he contemplates spending most of 
his vacation around New York. Those desiring 
to put in a few hours each week in this way 
would do well to drop him a line at 

'l^ PENN STREET, UKOOKLYN. 8-tf 



q/ '^j-^ practical » 
COLLEGE. Richmond, Va. n 






B.«tt 



IF 



YOU want 12 of the finest styles and 
combinations of your name you ever 
send 35 cents to 

A. W. DAKIN. Syracuse, N.Y. 



<'OLLEC1 



\ OF 1 op valuable recipes 



1 and all husim 



stainpR or postal note) by WELLS 



m.l family purposes 
50ceDtS(staitipar- 
FT, Apulia, N.Y. 



THE BEST WAY 

to learn to write an elegant baud is to take 
Dakin's course of lessons by mail; only S^I.IXI. 
It will be worth $1000 to you. 



T»E]V M A IVW HT F» 



r- t>e successfully taught h\i mail- Therefore 

,' not send SI OU for 4 lessons and be convinced 

1 help you. Write. Your letter will 



receive prompt 



J. C. BMBBICK. 



Pa., Oct. 28th, 



Mr. A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Dear Sir: — Your letter and lesson of Juno 
ISth, 16S9, came duly to hand, and, I assure you 
I spoiled many a sheet of paper in order to 
show you that 1 really appreciate your way of 
doing business. And there is no excuse a man 
can give who does not avail himself of such 
a gi'eat chajice to learn penmanship at home 
without speuding but $3.00, The price is very 
low and within reach of every young man, 
and yon deser\-e gieat credit for it. 
Very ti-uly youi-s, 

G. H. LOHMANN 



INTEREST AfADE EASY. 
A thousand years as a day No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short.slmplc, i>ractlcal method by 
E. V. ATKINSON, Principal of Sacramento Uusl- 
ncss College, Saci-amento, L'al. By mall, 5u cents. 
Address as above 



DO YOU 



::? 



In the very front rank of the com- 
mercial schools of this country stands 
the I'apital City Commercial College 
and the Capital Citv School of Short- 
hand, of nes_ Moines. Iowa. Young 
people desiring the best commercial 
training are invited to correspond 
with these institutions. Address 
fli2 J. M. Mehan, Proprietor 



NortberD IIIJDois College or Pen Art, 

with Normal School and Butlneit College, 
DIXON, ILLINOIS. 

iimnslilp ami Pen Art. Gra'.ual«8 aided in secur- 
liiK «ood pnMltlons , Knclose two ^reeu stampH for 
Iliu-tnLlcil circulars and en^fraved Bpecimeiu. 




poBltions free of 



B 



USINESS UNIVERSITV 

ffORA BLOCS. OPPOSITS F08T OPPICK. f 
UUS & o:BO]Ut, rrlncipilR ud FtcpiUten. 



Wriie to uh. Illuatrated Catalogue, Frea. 

lEARN TO WRITE YOUE NAME. 

Send me your name written In full, and 25 cents, 



... .,. . J^riptrTO^of^ 

teDdea_HoTemeDtfl, TraoInK Exercises, Capitals, 

lisbiDg. flt«. Address, 

,. E. PARSONS, Wilton Junction, Iowa. 



Carda, PloiuiBbiDg. ftt«. 



P. 9.— No postal cards need appl^. 



H^elved wltliin 30 days I v 



12-if 515 East State Street, Trenton. N. J. 



a--ai-i.. 



MORE 

than JiO Pemiion in this country owe their 
suet-eRs to Uakin's course of lessons by mail. 

Automatic Lessons 

BY MAIL, 

laUssoiw Jl'.W 

Alplmbete. (.'avli i .. .15 

ft luk Powders .9B 

1 2 Ink Powders, assorted M 

C. E. Jones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 

h loonllty ' 




WHAT IS THE MATTER 

rifli youi- writing ? Send S.'i cents for a wril 

eu letter telling you ju.st what the trouble ii 

A. W. HAKIX. Syracusp, N. Y. 



PENMAN'S JIADGE. 




JOSEPH GILLOTT'S 

STEEL PENS. 

GOLD MEDAL, PARIS EXPOSITION, 1889. 

THE MOST PERFECT OF PENS. 



A. E. DKWHUKST. 

ARTIST PENMAN, 

Executes all Kindt of Ornamenlal Pen-Work 

To Order. 

Our En^ossing, Pen- Dra wine, LPlterinE and 

Flourishing have received ttie hiifhest commenda- 



manner Large pieces of FlourlshiUB, Lettering 
and Pen-Drawings done in the best possible manner. 
Correspond eoce solicited and satisfaction guaran- 
teed. Address 

12-12 A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 



PEN DRAWING, 

the most plcflsnnt. pmrticnl nnd profltalilc part 
of ptfd art. WEBB S PROGRESSIVE LESSONS IN 
PEN DRAWING atford tlie Di^r ^in.l oril> .i,.|..»iij' 

'''" drawing at lM'cHsnmiVI,'.'','^-V 



Objei 



landscapes. 



Instructions. 



nd criticism of y 



e and begin the worli 
■*1. Pen Artist. 
Nashville.Tena 




ruBkinti n Mncclalty of Riving it 
i been wonderfully ncneflted. 



*30 ]L,£:SSONS, 

icing Movemoiil . Excr<i«t'(., I 



ONLY #4. 



SPECIAL. 

ourlflh and apoclmcn of plain writing— 
copimie and a poraoual Ivlter— my v«rf 



Send Munoy Ordii- ur Pomal Note. 
TUE NOKTBEIIN ILLINOlt* COLLEGE 

Circulnri Iv.-c. Address all commuuk-ntlons to 

Mention The JouRNAi„ f^ I>IX«\. ILL. 



Mr. Emerlck has received much praise for the 
taste and tikill displayed in his curd-worli. Sam- 
ples will be sent for Hi«;ut«. .1. C. EMtlKICK. 
Oswego. N. Y. 1-12 





(hj/^^/i^Y^J 



EXTRA FINE ELASTIC PEN 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional nse and oma- 

mentAl penmanship. 

A GREAT VAJUKTY OP OTHER STYLES. IN- 

CLiromo THE WELl^KNOWN 

ESTEEBEOOK'S FALCON PENS 048. 

PENS SUITABLE FOR ALL WRITERS. 

All of Standard and Superior Qnalltj, 

KOK SALK IIY ALL STATIONEKS. 

THE ESTERBROOK STEEL PEN CO., 

WORKS. CAMDEN, N. J. I 26 JOHN ST.. NEW YORK. 




THE ORIGINALwas 
written with, the COL- 
LEGE PEN No. 1 . 



Ifflii^ 



1 2 Pens in a nickel 

box by mail on receipt 

^' . ^ of lO Cents. IVISON, 

^^"^ ' BLAKEMAN & CO., 

806 Broadway, N. Y. 



PREMIUMS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS. 

Hundreds of bonks and useful articlfs are offered as special premiums to those 
will send clubs at the full price of $1.00 for each subscription wi'^h *regular premium. 
We have not space to give full details here. If you are interested send ten cents for 
co))_v of The InunNAL containing the announcements in detail. Here are just a few 

Dickens' Complete Wor»*s in fifteen volunes (5200 pages, size .5 x 7i) 
mailed free for one new subscription ($1.00) and 75 cents extra — $1.75 in all. In case 
of renewal, $2.00. Sir Walter Scott't* Peerless Waverly Novels, complete in 
twelve volumes, will be sent instead of Dickens' if desired. 

Another set of Dickens, complete in twelve volumes, size 8i x 12, mailed free for 
one new subscription and 35 cents additional — %\,'6V,. In case of renewal, $1.50. 

Cooper's F.ainoiis Leather-Stocking^ Tales infive volumes of about 500 
pages each (size 5 x 7^) for one new subscription and 15 cents extra — $1.15. In case 
of renewal, $1.35. 



irly pre; 



stock of books by suth a famoi 



1 books received and i 



^;i.' 



sand Coopers Works.! 



— M. D. Moore. Mortrnn, Ky. 
" r day. and I agree with 
' ■ """ ' with them.— 



1 well pleased v 
received and appreciated. Think j 
ich pleased with my premium. Cooper's Leather-Stooklair 



Flourished Siae (24 x 32) ; Centennial Picture of Progress (24 n 28) ; Grant Memorial (2: 
28) : Garfield Memorial (iq x 24) ; (Jrant and Lincoln Eulogy (24 x 30) ; Marriage Certifi- 
cale (18 X 22) ; Family Record (18 .x 22). These are beautiful and elaborate lithographs from 
pen and ink copy, all handsome and showy pictures for framing. Instead of one of these 
pictures the subscriber may receive a copy of Auks' Gdide or Ambs" New Copy Si.IPS. 
The fuUuwiner will be mailed free on receipt of price, or sent a<i special premiums : 
Fur one utw stihscj^pCion : 
Burdett's Patriotic Recitations 
ind Readings. This wrk 





¥i 




aoo pages. 


Ctoi 







Siibsc 



ptlOH : 



nd Paint.— Hoards. 

Payne's Business Letter Writer and 
ual of C 
Forms. - 

)ijsincs>i K.pics. with approi 
inswer;.. Containing general it 




|ig)i Manual of Con 

lEl' Clal Forms. - Containing 
all possible 



'^^P*- la^'I'^fL'SK 



Subscription ; cloth. Two New SubscriptJc 
TUi folUni-mg for Four Nkw SiihsciHptimis 

Payne's Business Educator. - 



m boards forj 



bcsriotl t 
of Oan 




D T. AMES, 202 Broadway New York 



Some books are so well written and prove so valuable to their 
owners that thieves steal their contents, and by misarrangement 
of them, make books which they try to palm off as superior to 
the originals, 

Graham's Hand-Book of Standard Phonography 

has been pirated from, to a greater extent, probably, than any 
book ever published in the United States. 

Because it is the best text-book on the subject ever published, as 
is proved by the fact that it rendered obsolete all phonographic 
books preceding it, all of which are now out of print, and by the 
fact that the best portions of all phonograjihic books ])ublished 
since have been stolen from it. 

What evidence is there that it is a .standard work ? 

It has been published 31 years without change because none 
has been found necessary. 

It has been Used for years in many of the best institutions of 
the country, and the system it teaches is used by the best report 
ers in the world. 

These are facts which can be proved. 

Send for a free copy of Am, Ahout Phunui;rai>hv, the 
largest and handsomest shorthand circular ever published. 

ANDREW J, GRAHAM, 



Author and Publishe 




744 Broadway, New York. 



THE CALIGRAPH 

Is the best Type Writer. 

It is easiev to Icaru and to operate, does t)etter 
work, has more speed and is more durable than any 
other type writer, 

Stiorthan< taught by mail and personally 

We have 300 pupils by mail. Situations procured 
it/l jiiipih irhi'n ruin ji<:t nit. We have been nhort of 
competent gentlemen stenogi'aphei-s for 1H nionllis. Hookket^pers who arc sten- 
ographers are in demand. Learn shorthiiii'l ; "uniniim now. 

SEND FOR CIRCULARS TO 3-13 



W. C. CHAFFEE, 



OSWEGO, N. Y. 



Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 



•'COITIPLETE SHOUTHAND MANUAL," FOB ^jELF-.NSTKlJr- 
TION IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES. 



The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, aifthor of "Aid to Graham," 
■' Shorthand Copy-Book," &c., President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new s)-stem. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling; blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than "Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to anv address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 

SEKTE) FOR, CIK.CtJLi^K.S. 



THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.„ 
2}, to 27 Euclid Ave-nul, - Cleveland, Ohiu. 



"HAMMOND" 




TYPEWRITER. 

FAR AHEAD IN SPEED. 

672 correct finger movements In 1 



nts 



gei per s 
PEEU of the -Hai 
s IW tf^iter than that of : 









o- 
typewriter. Send for phtito-copy i 

THE HAMMOND TYPEWRITER CO. 

■itt*i.-2»8 AVE. n and 77 NAf^SAH 



NEW 



.. ChlcoKO. 



lelphia 



TYPEWRITERS. 



Qtbe world. First- 



-^ ..,^'''m-' 

mtbly paymenta. Any Instr 

...^ dahipped, privilege to examiE 

EXCHANQINQ A SPECIALTY. Wbolesale pric 



Unprejudiced ad' 

t manufacturedahjpped'privilege 



I dealers. Illustrated C 

TYPEWBITEE li 
HEABWAETrES, t ' 



Twenty-four Pages of Reading Matter 

MUNSON PHONOGRAPHY. 



PHee lo cents for each. 
40 cmlsfor/, 
Also a List 
of Position, with Derivat 



S. S. PACKARD. Publisher, 

I O I East 23d Street. - New Yor 



SHORTHAND. 

practical verbatim reporter, 18 years' exi 
Hook and circulars tWe. 

FRANK HARIUSON, St^jnotfrapher, 



SHORTHAND. 



I Valuable Suggestions to Shorthand 



Professor A. W. Dakin. 

Dear Sir;— Your last lesson is received and 
like all preceding ones is a model of perfec- 
tion. Yom- copies all show the same amount 
of cai-e, and the interest you show in the im- 
provement of the work of your pnpiis is evi- 
dent in each lesson. Sincerely thanking you 
for the atteution you gave me thj-ough the 

M. R. VANDERBILT, Mt. Mon-is, N. Y. 



THE STENOGRAPH. 

The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 
Easy, Accuralo and Reliable. Send stamp for a 



rrUx Reduced lo SSS. 




Remington 




Standard Typewriter 

FIFTEEN YEARS 

THE STANDARD. 



Embraces the Latest and Highest Achieve- 
ments of Inventive Sfeill. 

WYCKOFF.SEAIVIANS& BENEDICT, 
337 Broadn-ay. N. V. 



THE PH0NV:T|C SHOICTH4 
SPEED-BOOK. For privat<? prai 
and class use Part I now ready, price 81. 
II, engraved key, lo press, price 5"- "^ 
OSGOODBY, Publif' ■■ ■ ^ 



A€K NtinBEBS 



■ Mrs. Packard's Complete Leeaons 



HENRY LINDENMtYR, 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



NEW YORK. 



A FULL COURSE 

of 12 lessons in plain i>enman.ship given by 
ujail for ^.0(1. Teacher's course ^.00. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 





D. L. Dowd's He 




,",Xg 



THE LATEST. 

For 75 cents I mil send you 6 cards with 
flowers, roses, ^iisses, etc.. raised ou each with 
a knife. Your name written or raised, as yon 
wish. The Sowers look like wax work and 
these are positively the roost beautiful cards 
in tiie world. A sample sent for ao cents. 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



SUPPLIES 



REIVS- 

(Jillott'ii No. tMM E. K., for writing aiid flour- 
ishing 1 gro*s in ^ gro. boxes, 7Sc. No. I, for 
floe cartl writinR, }4 gro«. 4(h.: No. WSi. for 
ettering. H gro.. 30c. No. 170, X gro., 30c. 
No. asm, very fine, I dot, 50c. No. 907 oliliqiie, 
for heavy writing. H gro., 4Sc. Soennecken'a 
broad point*, for rapid text, six sIms, jier set, 
lOc. DoublL- i>i>iiitft, thrw wy^. per set. LV, 

India, for lettering and drawing, $1.00. 50c. 
and '.JSc, per stick. Japan, for flourishing and 
writing, by express, chfli-ges not paid, one pint, 
4«c, Blue, Yellow, Wliite. Vermillion or Gold, 
in small bottles, postpaid by mail. .SOc. These 
colors are fine and durable, miitable for use 
with India Ink In drawing and lettering. 

CA.Rr>S?nd£*AF»EI^. 

Blank Cards, white. 2 x SK >"■- !■''*■. ^'*^-, 
i5c. per 100. and tLlO, »1.(10, $3.a0 per 1000. 
Black, same size. 23c. per 100, and $2.00 per 
1000. Writing paper, wove letter heads, wide 
ruUng, a lbs., »1.25. Best linen. fl.US for 3 lbs. 
Unruled for same price. Drawing paper, 16 x 
2tin., per quire, HOc, Block paper, 30 x 24 in,, 
per quire, 70c. Tracing, II x 14 in., per doz., 
ftOc. More complete list on application. 

„. H. W. KIBBE. Utica. N. Y. 
RI:AD VHl!!i XUI€£! 

PR Q DETFDC '','*'',.^'!i '" »w«tlio prices 
. D. O. rtltno of oil other penmen. Pact ! 

KM m E-iSONS In plain peninnnahip by moll 

clreulnr. ObMniie ''i'en"ilolilt'rH.'*"fcM? Sdl if^ 



^UNRULED PAPH! , : . ', 'viT 

Hon r ' Read It OgOlD. lOct.iili- ii.i .. -l.-n ln-r 
PENSIAN RITNER'S COMMKRCIAl, COLLEGE 

C. E. JONES' 

AUTOMATIC INKS 

Should be on the desk of every penman who iiws 

They Are A No. I . 

No one falls to lieeorae a skilled automatic 
I>eunuin wlio iiws .Tones' Inks. 

Thi-se inks are \mt u|> In wide-mouthed ounce 
and hnlf minfc LottltM, also powder form. 
TIIKV COST 

Onebottle. any color, by mail 17 

Sixbotllee, '' " $1.00 

Twelvebottte», ^ oe.,n8Horted colors, by exp. .W 

Six " 1 n;^ . ■■ " ■• ;75 

Twelve " i <■, '■ i ^n 

One bottle miii-Kni' ,. i ;^i 

Mx bottles, nvsii I. i i , . m.. ihi 

Alphabets mill 'i< ' ' ■ - -. Ill 1 1. 'L' wilt) all 

orders for pens <>i ini... m m .hm-i.i| 

C. E. JONES. 

Prvpiictor Modern Bugtnfus CnUe^if, 

249 Blue Island Avenue. - CHICAGO, ILL. 

AN OFFER, 

In order to place Diy work in the hands of 
every i-oadei* of this paper, I will send on ro- 
mpt of $1,011 the following : 

Dakm'a Card Ink Recipe Mete. 

TwnSetsof CapllalB(dlfferrDl) 40 *■ 

Muscular £ xercisea 36 •■ 

iasjgnalur«B (any name) 35 ■■ 

Specimens ot t'lourlshltig . . .a " 

141 Johnson St., Syracuse, N. Y. 




. Gm (5tTiJ^0jt^^, 




iJ§mK^«*xiii!NcV,rLL. 

'Yhis IS tlieo:reat^dualSusiness]f-aia- 
t//g <§dwoliu)iere fIjoiisand-Aj)f''t//eSest account- 
aids, coin /acre/' al tcadtcrs a//c/j/oaagti//s//^c§3 
//fc//_oft//e'W?st /(C/i'c cccci/red d/c/cec/iicafio/i ^ 
a//dstad/// //je. ^tIio/v//£/i]i//J>a/ci;)(dbucsp, 
a ^//pccloijxo/ ///alFen///a//s///(-j(^(u:M\p/or/~ 
/iaiM:%-^jpc i/Til/mad t///i£/jt [)}/ cufc/yxa/ccd k;- 
tead/ccs ufo 4tr///(/c/td/c lieadjft/(e/iymfc£<§//ja 
'^rceoftliefi//estpea///c/j /// d/eWoiidace/ii 



d]is inst/tilUou, a//dci/eri/J)'ep//d/ae//to/'//ieff.d 
(^(e£e /s f//d/jup to /ds r/d/-e/:t/sc//^e//ts. 

Sea//l[f/i/^ Id//jti'at(xf(^ta(og/ic aad'^ 
Sf)ea//fe//S£f J^c/zi/^a/fsti/p s^e/d Ff{EE. 



V. 



-^ 



'>c-^\^^'?■^^ 



J 



Price List of 
Penmen's and Artists' Supplies 

For Sale by THE PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL. 

'A'll"xpreSfl*ondC.O.D.ctiarKesmu»t be pal<l by llie 
pure awr. BOOKS. ETC. 

-tnes' Compeodtum of PrucUeai and-Oma- 

Trental Penmanship $5 On 

Akus' Book of Alphabets 1 Co 

Amee' Oulde to Practical and Artlatlo Pea- 

manshtp, In piper 00c.- In cloth T3 

Araet.' C<iiiy SUps foraeif-Tcachera..., W 

Willlftms' and Packard's OeniB SOD 

blandard Practical Penmanship, hfthe Spen- 

cei Bnithers 1 00 

New hipencerlan Compendlam, complete laS 

parts, per part. . . . flO 

Bound complete 7 50 

KJbbe's Alpnaoeta, five slips, £5o.; complete 

set of xTeUns „.., 1 00 

Old Enellgfa Alphabet, persHp, -^f ; per doz.. 30 

Oerinan Text Alphabet 80 

Pamlly Record. . ..*. 18xai " 60 

aarriago Ceriiflcate iSxSJ || 60 

Qarfleld Memorial . i !...'.;."!." .' iftxJi* |; 60 

Bounding Stag 24x32 " 60 

Flourished Eagle 24x3a " 50 

Centennial Picture of Pro(!re8a...23x:35 " 50 

KuloEy of Lincoln and Grant., iixvw '■ 50 

CAUIIS. CABDIIOARD. PAI'EK. PKNSS. 

ea-Mp( iftc atticlt stated below. 

UriiameutBl and Flourish.-d Cards, 18 designs, 

new, original and artiBtlo, per pack of 50. 30 
I00bj|mtm ™ 

1000 " HW; by express 4 00 

Bristol Board, a-sheet thick, 22x28, per sheet. 50 

'* 23x38 per sheet, by express... 80 

French B. B.. 34x34, \' _" -■■ "^ 
Koll Drawine Paper. 30 inches in wfdth and 
of any desired length (the very thing for 

Black Card-board. 22x-J8. for white Ink 50 

l(lin;k Cards, per 100 25 

m;ickrard8, per 1000. by express 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman's by maU. by ex. 

Drawing paper, hot-press, ir.x20..$ .15 S I 30 

^- ■■ :7x2a,, .SO 2 00 

lOx^M.. .20 2 20 

;; MX*)!! ies 700 

Best quality TracinK paper, yard wide...... 60 

Windsor* Newton'sSup'rSiip IndlalnkStick IPO 
Prepared India Ink, per bo'ti.- ™" 

White Ink, per bottle., ^0 

" pBHtp form, per .nil. .^IJ 

Gold Ink- per bottle ... ^5 

J-ilverInk, " ^ 

■* " grossbox. - 100 

Amos' Penman's Favorite So. l.BroHP... . 90 

" •* J4 gross bxB. 25 

EnjtroBSing Pens fur lettering, pvv doz 26 

rrow-qulll Pen, very fine, for drawing, doz . , 7^ 
Siinnpcken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set of three 20 

Broad^et of five ^ 

Oblique Penholder, each 10c.; per dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder (mar be utied either 

straight or oblique), eat.'n lOo. ; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Xletal Tips (adjustable to any holden, 

eachSc; per dozen 36 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged.. 80 

New Improved Pantnpraph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings '5 

Ready Binder, a simpre device for r'-ldlng 

New Handv Binder! light and Strang '.".'.. .'.'. 76 
Common Spuse B'nder. a fine, stiff, cloth - 
binder JoBNAL size, very durable 150 

SCHUOI> BLACKBOARS-nBST AND 
CI1EA1'E!4T niADE. 

Roll Blaoliboards, by express, 

No 1 size 2 x3 feet 1 OO 

No 2 2Hx3>4feet 1 50 

No a 3 X4 " 2 00 

stone Cloth one yard vride, any length, per 

vard slated on one side I 26 

•iH Inches wide, per yard, elated both sides. 2 25 

Liquid Slating the be>it In use, for wails or 

w oden boards, per gallon fl 00 

COLLBGE CCRREN«-r 
Q c d ba k note paper Is kept In stock, and 
rleri 1 I be filled by return of mall or express, 

Ihet act aldenominatiousare: I's, 5'8, lO's. 25'9 

u 1 50 a in (.onvenicut proporlioua; the bills are 

100 s, 500 a at d 1,(K)0'8, whk-h are printed on sneets 
r flrteen bills each. They are proportioned so as 
make 3 on«, 8 Iwm. 2 fives. 2 lew, and one each of 
the ^, 60, 100. 500 and 1.000 dnllar notes. ' 

Theproportliin in which the different denomina- 
tinna are printed is thut which long experience hEts 
demonstriited to best me^t the demands and con- 

tlie Script In other j>rin>ii'-tl..na than those named, 
■xcept upon special order uml nt addltioDal coat. 

mailed upon application. 

nil'LOfllAS. TESTIMONIAI^S OF MERIT, 

(ire kept in atoek and sf nt by return mail, or ex- 
press, ao cents each, or 88 OO per dozen Orders 
for new and special dtsigns promptly flUed. We 
liave stock diplomas for business colleges and 
lu i^cellaneous instituilcns 

UISPLAV CLTS. 
For the preparation of all manner ot display cuta 
our facilities are unequalled, ^end for pstimates. 
Also we have the best fucil tics for making photo- 
engraved cuts rrom pen and ink copy. 
CUTS IN STOCK. 

,,or most of the thousands of onis thi't havnap- 
Iie:irt"j| In Tub J<mirnal and our publloatloTu. 
duplkales will be furnished for low prices. 

We wll'i supply, at pubiUhert' rata, any standard 
wnik oil iL-immnahip In print ; also any bookkeei'- 
In^. c^iniinimrclai aHtbmetlo or other educuiloiiHl 

Stnd the money with order. In all cases. TInleas 
tlii-* requiremt-ni l-i met no giioda will be sent by 
mail, i" OFitj cat*, nor by exprejss, C. O. D,, unless a 
Hufficienl advance Is miide to protect US against 

|iy wrilin;r ii3 to " send Sd-and-so (yuu have forgot 
tliepriceiaml you will remit." or to ask nsifwi.- 
■' can't take less." Wb can't. We bundle nothing 
but -eliable goods, and all who favor us with 
ordisr* are assured of prompt and efficient service. 

Address D, T. AMES. 303 Broadway, New York. 



VH I .JOII.'NAl' 



w 



no Yor TB^ 

CARHART'S 

CUSS BOOK OF 

COMMERCIAL 

LAW. 



MM.MERCIAl. LAW. 



receipt ol 



SHINN'S COMMERCIAL SPELLER. 

) ANewSpsixiNoBoOKdaeS) 
■ nn a New Plan. Conalste of 
J Eight Parts, viz. : The Dla- 
RH>NN's t criticnlMarkBGxplBiDPdBnd 
#- ***-. f Exen-lsesln Appij-lngthem; 
fCoyit£ftciALB Articles of Merchaadtfie: 
VoiTTrfl B Words in Common Use : 
*>t-tLLLn II Commercial TerraB; Legal 
Terms ; Sclentifle Terms ; 
Words ProDounced Alike 
but Spelled DiQerently: Mls- 
cellBneoufl ClBSBifled Lists; 
'!7ontatnB Just what pupils 
■leuu uiiKmiui uuiiie what tliev already Know. 
ThB onl If Bpsiier tb&t fn-rpart* for Bti/iineM Hfr) 
Unequaled for use in advanced classes in Public 
Srboole. Business CoUeffea, etc. Do not bsain an- 
tnlsSpellflr. Itls unique 
tSSpage " ■ 
receipt i 




, Boards, 



refund pric* 



of 



^B'« 



adopted or returned. Table of Contents, S 



Cnse Bloek. 



Prices sent Free. 
&: CO.. PobitHhers, 

Clevelnnri. Ohio. 



DAY BOOK TRANSACTIONS 

FOR JOURNALIZING. 

Not arraDgcd iu spts, and covers tUi- 
entire subject of book-keeping. 

An Aid to Basiness College Students. 

Highly endorsed by teachers and pr-K-- 
tical accountants. 

Price, 50 cents ; with Key, |tl.OO. 
J. C. KANE. 
E. & B. Business College, Baltimore, Md. 



1 C CENTS mil pay for : 



beautilu] 
combinations on cards, the work of 

A. W. DAKIN, Syracuse, N. Y. 



Treasure Trove— Old Friends Turn Up Again. 








An Elegant Present, 

Sensible One, Too, is a Copy of 




PUTMAN & KINSLEY'S PENS. 

No> I,— Double-elnstic, for students' prac- 
tice work, liourishinjr, card writinir anrt Hno 



ers, book-keepiuff students x 



OBtilQUE PEN-HOLDERS. 



■' EXCELSIOH" IB THR BES1 

Qrinced . No cnick In the e; 



r>; tliiished in black lustrous 
il wood. P^'icf.; oil', ISc; tioo, 
Y><"ft-pa\d. Special prices for 
Scud forcirculttrs. Elegantly 



PDTHAN & KINSLEY, 



P. O. Box 7wr. 

Shennndonh. lown 



Mention The Jour 



-J^mm^O'/i^ 



WRIGHT'S BOOK-KEEPING SIMPLIFIED 



B USINESS METHOD S. 

TT CONTAINS a set of books incompleted state for a wholesale and retail business, showing 600 different entries and describiotf every book and process from 
^ beginning to final adjustment of copartnership interests. Also 1000 more busineas-Iike entries for two extra sets to be written up by the student, in doing 
which he performs the icorlc of an expert accountant. 



Uoenualed for simplicity. 



xplanations and perfect 



LK thrc_„ - 

gnts to enable them t 
on the part of a 
R and pai-agraphii 

been conceded to be 1 



Booic-KZEEFinsro IN" t.a.bl.h;.a.xjx: 






---■ book to another. 

iricfU deduction, b^ seeing a plct- 



ly nil for tlie «nke < 
9(le the . 



louble entry ivitUout 



, and from 
uggisli iii|MT[iiit tli.iii t.i r.ill.iM ,'i li'trical deduu 
e licii'I, <ln\i.- it t(iLiJii^.'ii iiini I'liiit'li it; in other 

COMPARISON IS ODIOUS 

ny books advertised and of i:ourHe want the " Although I have kept books for several large firms nud consider myself expert. I never 

f comparison. Vou can bo Kovfriitd by the receivofi n word of Instruction from any one, but learned entirely from your book." W, C. Kip, 

m anil lire competent to judffiv // If^s fhftl -nu- :Kiii Wf-t 12th Street, fi. Y. 

M, i.-,tr,s of a hook a-e rci'h, i ,,.,, „.^ ,/ i iime quite u library of Bood works nn book- keening, hut consider ymr book more repletr 

' r,..;-. M ,-. ,<,. ■ I ■• u-iweifthg of ourcuafono. :;fi-seniie ideoathatiaU the others coinhinfd. I have had Bovenil years' valuable exporl- 

'"■'""'"' ""'/ "" " mifd. We truarantee I h 11 i ■ i i i i iimk-ketpcr forsome very extensive concerns, but must say that I have learned many 

ti!ihi> 'iiiiii.>\. .1 iiiiiiuuiiMin III.- I'ountry wh 

11 > ^n'MtUlU ijs ijiHik-kLuiJLi tor tlii« deimrtmeni i wiu- n ...iii. j i.. ].,i.^- ,i i .mr DooK is received ana is tne uncsi i evers;_ „ — 

inn, anil my gnitlfving suice-'s is attributable entirely in vour book, ii.-* 1 closed Hud money order for four more copies for my fnonds. [ 

I betore, and the fact that 1 have hclii the position over four veant is the your book as far OKceU so-called " Improved BooK-keepiny Mar 

.iiowlodgegaiuedfrom the book was thorough and well g'ouiided. making the leading metrouolls excels a country town." Geo. nE(;K. book-keeper for Hoxie & 
,LER, book-keeper Rureaii of Public Administnitor, Ironwood, Mich. 

HUNDREDS OF OTHER LETTERS SIMILAR TO THE ABOVE ON FILE. 
S'carl]- Three Hundred Pauo, Handiiomelf Bound, Price #2.50, Includlne Clinrl. 

t appear atrain, and you will surely want book and premium later If not now. Be sure and mention The Art Journai. In answering this advertisement. 

P. A. WRIGHT, 769 I^roadway, N. Y. 



J. Mi LI 



jevenil years' valuable e 
xieusive concerns, out muao say that I have learned 
s s. Barry, book-keeper for the Howell Cotton Co., Little 

-• finest I ever saw, hence am perfectly satisfied with it. Er 
re copies for my friends. [ ajfree In your comparison, tha 
Improved BooK-ketping Mnnufil," a copy of which I have, n 



WILLIAMS & ROGERS ROCHESTER COMMERCIAL PUBLICATIONS 



liDfnilarity ami milue 



prariical, most reach 
BOOKKEEPING. 

icric^s of (our elegant books. i>f v 
opics have been sold durinp the pasl 
Ve believe that no other book has dm 
promote interest in the study of this 



nd the handsomest text buuks ( 



needed un e' 
ubjects that 



ery hanil that the 
appta 



enlhu 



that 



ins 



Complete Bookkeeping 

the present time the favorite with the busi- 
collegcs of the country, bein^r at present in use 
much larger number of such schools than any 
r work, and its introduction is steadily extend- 
ind its sales are increasing. Retail price, $2 50 ; 
holesaje, $1.35. 

BOOKKEEPING and INTRODUCTIVE BOOKKEEP- 
IG arc abrnlKnients of CuMM.ETK BooKKKKI-INf,, 
id are -ksii/rini (or schools that do no 




J^'^^^Mu^ 



nple 

Retail pri..-. $2 00 ami $1.25 respect 
sale, $l.l0.ui'l 75c. rcsiiitlivcly. 
FIRST LESSONS IN BOOKKEEPING 
rv book. It is devoted chiefly t< 
plains and ill 

■ ■ ■ entry, and al: 

of double-entry, 

tical exercises under that method. 

signed for a young class of pupils, 

My found in district schools, ye 

udied with profit by older classes. 






ovides, 
whole 







Practical Grammar and Corre- 
spondence 

is a unique combination of lessons designed to 
impdrt knowledge of the practical features of the 
language, and their application to written com- 
munications, it contains just enough grammar to 
enable those who have not given the subject 
much study to obtain knowledge of the more im- 
portant facts ; and to impress upon those who have 
devoted some time to the study of grammar, and 
yet are careless in their utterances, the importance 
of accuracy of expression. The correspondence 
portion of the book contains hints upon the arrange- 
ment, construction and literature of letters that 
are invaluable to every business man and business 
woman. This book is having great popularity and 
a large sale. Retail price, 75c.; wholesale. 50C. 

Civil Government. 

ms & Rogers have placed no book on the 
with greater confidence that it would meet 
favor than they felt in issuing Civil Govern- 
id their experience has amply justified that 



Willi; 
market 



Our pupils 
feel that w 
nt subject.' 
cccived fr< 
$1.50 



hole:^ale. 80c 



Seventy Lessons in Spelling. 

This little book has had so wide an introductiorT" 

nd has sold so largely, that almost every teacher 

4000 difficult, 



■ds, and gi\ 
well as their 
wholesale, 20c. 



the defin 



of 
Retail 



Commercial School Supplies. 

It should be understood, also, that we carry a la 
stock of Foolscap Paper, Pens. Rulers. Pen-Hold 
Figuring Pads. Blotting Pads. Blank Books for Be 
keeping, Business Forms, etc., etc., which are ex 
lent in quality and cheaper than the cheapest. 



Circulars, Price Lists, &c. 

n pages of the books, and also our Catalogue, coni 



d retail price 


sof our te 


t-books 


f the comme 


cial supplie 


5 which 


jf any teache 


r or schoo 


officer 



WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N- Y 



l^^F^TK-I OKI'S OOFIES. 



H. PATRICK, 643 N. Fulto 



DON'T PITT it off until wc get into our "rush season." If you want 
HipIotn;is lot us figure on your work now. No matter what kind 
ol' scliool, we can &uit you. Get all tlie estimates and samples you 
fan from elsewhcre^no surer way of our getting the order, tramples 
with full particulars for 25 cents. 

The fact is, if you use any considerable nundier of diplomas, we can 
actually get you up a handsome diploma--apecial diploma — at a less price 
than blank diplomas sell for. (rive us full particulars when you write. 
If you want any cuts nuide, cither from your copy or ours, we would 
like to give you tigurcs on our improved zinc-etched plates — -plateH. that 
are jflates — engraved extra deep and warranted to give the sharpest, 
cleanest, best effect in printing. Don't mar your publications with 
common engravings when you can get the best for the same money. 

D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway. New York. 






PEERLESS-AMES' BEST PEN-luxurious 



J^ OK,EAT ISTA-TIOITJ^I-, "WOK-K:. 



THE 

r3" 



Minvh 

■resslon of wli 
r-riL'iin mnd In 
died nnd 



Tlip bost 

produced 

, ......V years of t 

Respectfully. .Torn Clai 



LIBRARY 
OF 



■nchcrs nnd jiupils. I am sure 
luroliiise at oti 
'. C.ummisislnnei 



L libravy. if he has tc 

Very respectfully 

Cambridge, Jan 



■Idual will pur 
t nfr foratiiDi 

, T. Harris. 



eecllent judgment. 



lii/lERICAN .- 



■x:x^' 



LITERATURE 



CHAS. L. WEBSTER & CO., Publishers, 3 Ea 



14th St., N. Y. 



SOMETHING NEW AND GOOD 



.^C^^-^^y^^'^l, .^^^^/^i^^tT^:^^ 



e Bo«t Pen yet Send SSc. for k 3-do)»ii box to in the Best Pen 



i. S. PACKARt), 101 E. *fcl St.. Nm 




to in the Best Pen yet Send 3.5c. for a 3-do£en box to 
S. S. PACKARD. 101 E. itJd St., New York. 



IT TOUCHES THE SPOT! 




Published Monlhl,' 
oadway, N, Y., for $1 



PENMAN'S GAZETTE. 



Entered at the Post Office of Nev. ' 
N Y , as Second-Class Mail Mattel 
Copyright. 1890. by D T. AMES. 



NEW YOEK, JULY, 1890. 



Vol. XIV.— No. 7 



Hi u BiitilnritH Srliool niid Learn to 
Dii J UMt llie Xhlnc tlial Her BUNlnettN 
f all* rur I 

IN ALL the great crises of life, and in 
the d^ly efforts which arc to result in 
decisive success or ftiihire, says the Chi- 
cago Tiiter-Orean. hu\x\an beings are very 
much alone. They rely upon their fellow 
heioKH for all the benefils that are to be 
derived from conpeoial companionship 
and the incentives of rivalry and compe- 
tition. But beyond this, friends are of lit- 
tle avail. Whatever a man or woman 
may decide to take up as a profession, he 
or she must do the actual work with his 
or her own hands or brains. In this rating 
the world takes into account only the in- 
dividual—in everything but politics. 
"When the place is found there is but one 
question asked, " Can you fill it? Can 
you do acceptably what you have under- 
taken f* 

So far lis women are concerned, the fact 
of being engaged in business has lost the 
novelty of experiment and precedent. It 
is DOW a matter of course, and they must 
stand or fall upon their individual merits 
alone. Gallantry, deference to sex as 
such, have no longer any part in the final 
estimate which the world sums up. 

There are now throughout the country 
thousands of girls in the senior class of 
ibe high school, the academy and the uni- 
versity. They are pondering over the 
graduating theme, aud at the same time 
determining what they shall do. The 
editor of the newspajier is made their con- 
tidant. Into his sympathetic car — or 
her's— they pour out their hopes, their 
fears, their aspirations. They have a good 
deal of text-book knowledge, which is de- 
stined to be applied, as soon as may be, to 
whatever they may choose as a means of 
livelihood. 

With very few exceptions all make the 
same mistake. They do not know the 
difference between acquirement and ex- 
perience — experience which can be gained 
only by doing a thing over and over 
again. All cities have a vast and hope- 
less population of the educated, unexperi- 
enced. There are university -bred men 
living it attics; they know everything — 
science, history, belles lettres — yet they 
have not at their command that practical 
knowledge of the simplest craft, which 
means bread. The educated poor, the 
timid and impractical graduate of either 
sex, is infinitely more helpless than the 
laborer who works for a dollar a day and 
gets it, because, though their friends 
rally around them loyally their aid ran be 
only temporary; a man must secure per- 
maucnt benefits for himself. 

Though the dependent live the allotted 
four score years and ten, to the last day of 
his sad life he will be nearly as helpless as 
he was when he opened his eyes to the 
light of day. 

Tliis is not an undervaluation of culture. 
If what is called hard busings goes witb 



cultivation, its gives its possessor iucom- 
psrable advantages over the uncultivated. 
Hut of the two, it is common sense that is 
indispensable. The graduate should bear 
in mind that it is a very ignorant young 
person wlio goes from the classroom to the 
office or shop, or to whatever station he 
may succeed in calling himself — for he i« 
rarely ever called — nowadays. The lore 
of the schoolroom is a reserve fund, and it 
ia little more. " Though the young girl 
graduate have a score of diplomas, she is 



eonteu* with the humble place and the 
corresponding pay of a beginner. 

If she presents relialjle letters attesting 
her various good qualities, they may in- 
cline the heart of her superior favorably 
to her, or they may fix a standard in his 
esteem which it will be exceedingly diffi- 
cult for her to attain, and, if attained, 
still more difficult to hold. She may count 
upon at least three years of apprenticeship, 
in which she must labor just as zealously 
and just as industriously as she would for 




E. R. Felton, PreHdent Business Educators' Association. 



worth only what her natural intelligence 
and her actual ability to work may de- 
termine. 

The conclusion of the whole matter is 
that the graduate, like the non-graduate, 
is a beginner, and must, for a time, be 



three times the salary she receives. Future 
success, the desire to deserve reward, a de- 
termination to honestly and persistently 
work for these, must be her incentives, 
and must teach her "patience under afflic- 
tion," even as the prayer book has said. 




The rewards of life are not easier to at- 
tain uuw than they were formerly. On 
the contrary, every field is more crowded 
than ever before. Education is more uni- 
versal, and the per cent, of general intelli- 
gence is higher. The mediocre of yester- 
day would be lost sight of to-day, and a 
very respectable degree of talent is not so 
prominent in the present generality of 
ability. 

All this sounds very discouraging, but 
those who have trodden the stony way that 
leads, presumably, to fortune know how 
true it is. At the same time it is no r«a- 
son for discouragement. The world's work 
must be done. People are wanted just as 
much, or more than ever they were, and 
there are still the old degrees of good, 
better and best. It is wise, however, to 
make a right beginning, and the first prin- 
ciple to be laid down is to rely upon your- 
self. Look to your friends, your social 
position, your personal attractions for 
Dothiug. Simply make your service worth 
having, worth retaining, and worth pay- 
ing for, and success is assured. 



Tot 



E. R. Fe!ton. 

Editor Penman's Art Jouknal 
-You have asked mc to prepare . 



l>esign /or Book Illustration 



skstcb for your July number of the Presi- 
dent of the Business Educators' Associa- 
tion, Mr. E. R. Felton, of Cleveland. 
You have made this request not on account 
of my fitness for the task beyond the fact 
of my long acquaintance with the victim, 
but, as I think, because you are sure that 
my love for him will make it a personal 
[ileasure to say what I think, I thank you 
for the privilege. 

I cannot remember when I did not know 
Mr Felton. The record says he was born 
in 1828, but there must be a mistake in 
the date. I was born in 1826, and it seems 
to methatMr. Felton was at least a middle- 
aged man at that time. He has always, so 
far as I know, been n " middle-aged man." 
No doubt he did at some time have to 
learn what he now knows; but I cannot 
conceive of him as lacking wisdom — what- 
ever may have been his age. I had the 
honor of nominating Mr. Felton for his 
present high position, and I was never 
j)rouder than when I did it — not of the 
speech, but of the subject of it. I know 
of no higher position in the world than 
that of President of the Business Educators' 
Association; and I know of no man more 
worthy to hold it than Elias R. Felton. 

I am told that Mr. Felton was born in 
Nunda Valley, N. Y., and that at ten years 
of age he removed to Norwalk, Ohio. He 
received an academic education at Huron 
Institute, aud Oberlin College, and at 18 
became a bookkeeper in a forwarding and 
commission house at Milan, Ohio. He 
graduated from the Bryant & Stratton 
College at Cleveland in 1852, and began 
to teach in the same school iu 1854. With 
one or two short intervals, he has been iu 
this school ever since. 

It is not necessary for me to speak of his 
varied and positive qualities as a teacher. 
He has made a mark in his profession of 
which any man might be proud, and he is 
as fresh and earnest aud enthusiastic to- 
day as he was thirty years ago, and as he 
will be thirty years hence. Men of Felton's 
type never grow old. lie may die — as we 
use that term — but when he does, he will 
just begin to live, for he is truly immortal. 

If you know anything about Mr. Felton 
that I have not stated here, you are at 
liberty to print it; birt after it is all done, 
he will stand, unmoved by it, the same 
honest, earnest, conscientious true man 
that we all know him to be. As Daniel 
Webster said of Massachusetts — changing 
the gender: 

There be U, Look at hiro, 

g, 6, f ACHARD. 




Thwe 



Pencil Pointed Character. 

%tori oral rank Who l Iioo.pb Help 
on a Pt-nrll-Nharpculuu Tent. 

A crank, writing in the New York 
W'trhl, tp)ls of a fellow crank who super- 
intends employing the help of a large 
mercnntile concern in 
New York, uiid "sizes 
up " the applicants by 
the manner in which 
they shnrpen lead pen- 
cils. Infallible test ! 
nk8 insist and rush into dia- 
f^rnnis which we here 
reproduce, with com- 
ments as originally pub- 
lished. 

No. 1. J. Alfred Meiid- 
ow. Painstaking, con- 
scientious, but not quick 
in perception or active in 
purpose. Would do 
fairly well iit the silk ribbon counter. 

No. 2. Carolua Gobren- 
ey. Delicate percep- 
ions. Neat, but im- 
patient ; irresolute ; not 
to be depended on in an 
emergency. 
No. a. John Sturboy, 
Stubborn, unscrupulous, 
No. 4. Reginald La 
Quitts. Devoted to any 
assigned duty, deliber- 
ate and purposeful ; 
would make a faithful 
but not brilliant em- 
ployee. St. Louis tem- 
perament. 










worthy. 

No. fi. Peter Phlem- 
mg. Exceedingly con- 
scientious as to trifles, 
economical, with an eye 
to the future. Fas- 
personal 



ters ; tidy ; hopeful 
temperament. Put him 
in charge of stock. 

No. 7. Silos G. Cramp. 
A hustler. Tendency to 
recklessness. Little re- 
fer the feelings 
of olh. 




d him 





" The recklessly e.\tra- 
,'imt man," remarked 
iBser, "hasn't been 
•e to-day, 
half 
the pencil when he 
sharpens it, and de- 
stroys half the penci ' 
before he gets it 
})oioted." 

No. 8. Pompous, cou- 
ceited aud generally good for nothing. 

The Great Dickens' Manu- 
scripts. 

A friend of miue, says a writer in the 
Boston Journal, has recently been making 
a study of some of the manuscripts of 
Charles DickcDs* works. In one thiug, Bt 
least, these manuscripts point a lesson to 
youug writers—;, e., that even so great a 
wrinr as " Boz "' revised nis work repeat- 
edly and cut out not only many lines, but 
orten large blocks of his text, 'and always 
to the advantage of the novel. It seems 
i)uite evident that few, if any, writers can 
write with sufficient conciseness at the first 
draft. Novels have been written which 
have had Utile "cubing" done to them, 
I'ul It is a iiuestiou whether the work of 
the traditional blue pencil would not have 
improved the text. These manuscripts of 
Dickens show that the work of the printer 
has been difficult enough, and exhibit 
among nil the traceries of corrections a pe- 



culiarity ..f !iUlliors which nil rcudei-s of 
such manuscripts .oust have observed. In 
sub.stitutiDg one word or line for another, 
the erased passage is always so thoroughly 
and carefully blotted out that it can be 
no longer read. A common characteristic 
of authors seems to be an unwillingness to 
show whit minor mistake existed before 
the correction was made. 

Universities of the World. 



Among the nations of Ihe worid the 
United States ranks first in the number of 
educational institutions and studeots who 
attend them. There are in this country 300 
universities, 4240 professors and 60,400 
students. Norway has 1 uniyersity, 46 
professors and 880 students. France has 1 
university, 180 professors and 9300 stu- 
dents. Belgium has 4 universities, 88 
professors and 2400 students. Holland 
has 4 universities, 80 professors and 1600 
students. Portugal has 1 university, 40 
professors and 1300 students. Italy has 
17 universities, 600 professors and 11,140 
students. Sweden has 2 univeisities. 173 
professors and 1010 students. Switzerland 
has 3 universities, 90 professors and 2000 
students. Russia has 8 universities, 585 
professors and 6900 students. Demark 
has 1 university, 40 professors and 1400 
students. Austria has 10 imiversities, 
1810 professors and 13,600 students. 
Spain has 10 universities, 380 professors 
and 16,200 students. Germany has 21 
universities, 1020 professors and 25,084 
studenls. Great Britain has 11 universi- 
ties. 334 professors and 13,400 students.— 
You/Hj Men's Era. 

Signing a Check by Electricity. 
One of the marvels of electricity, and 
one of the most striking of the Edison 
exhibits at the Paris exposition, was the 
little instrument which enables the operator 
to sign a check 100 miles distant. The 
writing to be transmitted is impressed on 
soft paper with an ordinary stylus. This 
is mounted on a cylinder, which, as it re- 
volves, "makes and breaks" the electric 
current by means of the varying indenta- 
tions on the paper. At the receiving end 
of the wire a similar cylinder, moving in 
accurate synchronism with the other, 
current on a chemically pre- 
n which it transcribes the 
black letters on a white 



pare paper, 
signatures i 
ground. 



Give the Lad a Start. 



SUow Hlm How lo |i«o His HantlH 
und Then He Can Help Blumclr. 

Teach the boy to be self-reliant, to do 
something that will count. This does not 
mean that hie play is to be inteiTupted. 
It spoils a boy to interfere with his reason- 
able amusements, but he may have plenty 
of play time and work time, too. They 
don't conflict at all; in fact, they help 
each other. Above all, give the child a 
good start as to his handwritmg. Bad 
habits learned young are got rid of with 
great difficulty. The following from 
Treasure Trotr is commended to parenta 
and guardians, and to Thk Jochn.ai/s 
youug readers themselves: 

What can a boy of fourteen years of 
age do that will yield him money ? 

I am looking at the photograph of a 
boy in Appleton, Wisconsin, of this a^e. 
He had become a good penman, and was 
skillful in map drawing; he was employed 
in the office of a surveyor for two months, 
and was then offered one dollar and fifty 
cents per day. 

This is not an extraordinary looking boy, 
I believe there are thousands of boys that 
have hands just as good as his, and who 
would jump at a chance to earn one dol- 
lar and a half per day, in a nice, clean 
office. Yes, there are boys everywhere 



that are anxious to find something to do, 
and they need some helping words, and 
they shall have them. 

I have taken some pains to inquire about 
this boy, and I find that he is very 
courteous and polite. Now that is sure to 
be a great point, though you may not 
think so. For when a man is going to 
employ a boy he will pick out a polite 
boy, rather thin a rude one. You who 
are looking for employment should study 
the book of politeness. Some boys have 
neglected to learn the common rules of 
politeness who know their multiplication 
table perfectly. I know a boy who came 
into a village and made many friends 
among the older people in a week's time; 
he WHS a very polite boy. 

I am told this Wisconsin boy is an earn- 
est, steady boy. You see, a boy who is 
to be of use to others must have a purpose 
before him , he must fee! that he is going 
to live in a manly way, in a careful way. 
What is the main fault in boys? Why, 
carelessness, of course. I am told this 
Wisconsin boy is a very careful boy. 

But, after all, the hoy is going to do 
something that will be worth a great deal 
to his employer, for the boy has educated 
his hands. Now that is very important, 
and I want every boy who is looking for 
employment to look at his hands. Have 
you done so ? Then look at them again. 
What can those hands do for you 't If you 
have not educated them, bsgin to-day. 
Can you not train your hands to earn 
money for you ? 

This Appleton boy has trained his hands 
to use a pen, so can you. Some years ago 
a subscriber to this paper sent in a map 
that was pinned on the wall of the editor's 
room. A teacher saw it and offered |5 for 
a map like it. There was another boy who 
had learned to use his pen. 

By an Asiatic Penman. 

Tiuy C-ttlicrapliy Thai All Admire Bui 
None dan Read. 

The smallest book in the world is thus 
described by the London Pall Mall Ga- 
zette. This little book consists of 100 
leaves of the finest rice paper, octagonal 
in shape, and measures from side to side 
one-half inch, stitched together and cov- 
ered in siik. Nothing can exceed the 
lightness, delicacy and softness of the ma- 
terial or the neatness of the penmanship. 
This dainty little morsel of caligraphy, 
which at the first glance precisely re- 
embles, in its glass prison, a very tiny 
butterfly of some uncommon kind, is very 
probably unique in the Western world. 
How it escaped imminent destruction is 
not the iejist wonderful feature of its his- 
tory, for it was looted at Ghanzi, in India, 
by a private soldier during the Mutiny, 
but it has been safe in Mr. Plant's posses- 
sion for many years. The work has not 
been translated, but is officially defined, 
on the authority of an Indian scholar, to 
be an example of the " Kathas, or Sacred 
Recitations of the Mahrattas Brahmans,'' 
and is written, without blot or alteration, 
in the Mahrattas character in glossy black 
ink, with a brilliant margin of vermillion 
to every page, which is also numbered. 
Possibly the acme of biblical minuteness 
is reached in this beautiful little work of 
art, which, for the present, at any rate, 
may claim to be "the smallest book," as 
well as the least collective manuscript 



the \ 



.rid. 



Latest Greeley-Penmanship 
Joke. 

There are many amusing instances given 
of mistakes arising from the illegible hand- 
writing of Horace Greeley. The Phila- 
delphia Ledger adds the following to the 
collection. 

Here is what Greeley wrote, in response 
to an invitation to lecture: 

De.vh Srii: 1 am overworked and grow- 
ing old. I shall be sixty next February 
3d. On the whole, it seems I must de- 



cline to lecture henceforth, except in this 
immediate vicinity, if I do at all. 1 can- 
not promise to visit Illinois on that errand 
^-certainly not now. Yours, 

HoKACK Greeley. 

M. K. Castle, iSandwich. III. 

And here is how the Lecture Committee 
read it: 

Sandwicb, III., May VZ. 
Horace Oreeley, New York Tribune. 

Dear Sir : Your acceptance to lecture 
before our association next winter came to 
hand this morning. Your penmanship 
not being the plainest, it took some time 
to translate it; but we succeeded, and 
would say your time, "third of Febru- 
ary," and terms, "sixty dollars," are per- 
fectly satisfactory. As you suggest, we 
may be able to get you other engagements 
in this immediate vicinity. If so, we will 
advise you. Yours respectfully, 

M. B. Castle. 

Bright Outlook for the B. E. A. 
Meeting. 



Eon 



Jou 



The Executive Committee of the Busi- 
ness Educator's Association is unable to 
present to your readers in yorfr July issue 
the programme of the coming meeting, as 
it had hoped. The chairmen of the vari- 
ous schools have not been able to perfect 
their schedules of excercises. Sufficient 
has been received, however, to warrant 
the belief that the convention, as a whole 
will be the most interesting yet held, and 
that the attendance will be unusually 

A circular will be mailed to members 
and other commercial teachers, probably 
before The Journal will appear, contain- 
ing the program, as complete as possible, 
with particulars regarding expenses and 
other details. 

Thanking you for the liberal use of your 
columns which you have accorded our 
committee, I remain, cordially yours, 
L. L. Williams, 
Chairman Ex. Com. B. E. A. of A. 



TBUl 



iyi 



THAT niRHC 



To tall w'y men is so an' so 

Is much too hai'd for me ; 
It is the way the critters grow 

That makes them what they t>e. 
I only say the reason w'y 
So many men is all a^vry 

An' full of imperfection 
Is simply just becaiise they can't 
Get any other kind of slant — 

They slant in thet direction. 

I do not try to make it plain 

W'y men are proud or meek. 
Or with a mighty sweep of brain 

Or vast exptmse of cheek ; 
It is enough for me to know 
It is the way the critters grow 

There is some power that gives a cant 
Some mighty " skid " thet makes 'em slant- 
All slant in thet direction. 

An' I don't blame men overmuch 

An' on theii- vices rant, 
Till I look up their traits and such 

To tin' the way they slant ; 
4,n' I won't smite 'em hip an' j'int 
Until I find the way they p'int, 

Hor scold such imperfection, 
A httle cherity I'll grant, 
For men are bad because they slant — 

They slant in thet direction. 

—S. W. Foss in the Yankee Blade. 



The English post-office does all the express 
business in Great Britain, carries parcels at an 
average cost of eleven ceuts each, and makes a 
profit of *2,230,000 a year. 

Good Advcrllklue Stroke. 



The Sadler Publishing: Coi 



This work .mi, 
provided witli 



THE WHOLE ART OF PENMANSHIP IN FIVE EASY KNACKS. 



By Jina tiie Feianaa-n. 



>/ thU tract, pyMtOied tn a 

lo-page pami>hM, W}ll be 

tied to anu addrena hy Thb Joiir- 

T, oil rrceipt of 10 rent*. No 

'iilcti/i»a '»("' the roiiyrluM.} 



To A. P. Marble, PIlD.. aathor 
of " Presumptiou of BraiD5"aini 
late President National Teachers' 
Association, the inspiration of this 
Handbook is respectfully ascribed. 



Text: From " Presusiption 
OF Brains." 

"Instead, now, of any educa- 
tional significance in penmanship, 
knack, dependent 
■eful practice and not too 
much work, which spoils tbe hand- 
writing of many men." 




—all it requires is " careful practice and uol 

Take the pen between the ends of your fingers like a cigar, and pi-event it from falling by 
means of the bent thumb. Then crook your little finger till the corner of tlie nail rubs on the 
paper, and works Uke a spring in supporting the weight of your hand. Keep the wrist 
straight, and off the paper ; but rest the arm upon your sleeve between wrist aud elbow. 

Then " letter slide " 

To and fro 

Where you wish to go. 

Practice this knack by writiug your name or a letter to a friend or foe, or copy from the 
Iffljies of this book. It will develop " staying power." and a good " understanding" for future 
o|>eratious in performing Knacks 2. 3, 4, and 5. "Well, Tommy, how are you getting on at 
school i " Totnmy ; " Pipst-rate. 1 ain't doing as well as some of the other boys, though. I 
can stand on my head, but I have to put my feet against the fence. I want to do it without 
being near the fence at all, and I guess 1 can after a while." 




downward, sidewise, aud all around with equal facility within the conipaisi of 
more or less, in all directions, from the Perch, while making 



"' ' -r y ^ / 2 3 4 J 6 '/ (^ 

or words to that effect, such as 

Ahliborontip/iiscormio, Chrononhotonthologoa, and other Attitudinarians. 
It is a valuable exercise and benefits the circulation as in the following 
operations : 



^ 



? » 



The Second Knack is a& easy as picking apples from a step-ladder. It is 
method of di-awiug out the capacities and commanding the sui-rounding 




KKACK THE TH1RD.~THE JOG. 

This is a lively knack, and as easy as chewing gum or >■-",■'■■, 

rolling off a log ; calling the table or desk the log, and ' ' 
jogging the arm or wagging the fingers while maintaining 
the Perch, and Reach as in K. 1 and K. 3. It tends 







arde 




I of the Ideas aad is in all probability the 
'■ missing link " between miud and matter. 

Practice this knack daily with cheerful spirits, for pleasure and profit, till you can do the 
three things iu uuison, and fully i-ealize the significance of the homely phrase, ".d /u« /mm 
and. a yaller dog under the 




KNACK THE FOtJBTH.~THE SWEEP. 







a« in Knack First and 




s-^:jg=o° 





All you have i 



do is to turn yom* arm about its resting |)oint as illustrated, 
make your fingers perform in a straight line, while making 
the letters and words required, as specified in Knacks, 1, 2, and H. 

Such exercise, with "careful practice and not too much work," will prepare 
you for usefulness and honor in after-life, B*t exemplified herewitli. 

[Concluded on page 1(M.1 



The Round Table. 



A Chal Aboui 



J-^^ the myriads of 
(TCttturea represent- 
iiiK every variety of 
\ physical structure 
f and every grade of 
iutelligence which 
exist to-day, and 
, the remains of 
others that livedyi 
These fossil 
mains, embedded 
^rocka that 
'■: mud, tell us all we 
Tof the remote periods when the earth 
was in its swaddling clothes. It is a long 
way in the scale of intelligence from the 
uncommunicative clam to man, and it's a 
little grotesque to reflect that for ages the 
elam and his cousins represented the hieh- 
est order of intelligence on our planet. 
After the shell fish cnme fishes proper, the 
remains of which are common in ovir marl 
beds. These remains, so plentiful in places 
now hundreds of miles from the sea, prove 
beyond peradventure that in those remote 
times large portions of our present conti- 
nents were, like the lamented McGintv, at 
the bottom of the sea. 

After the fishes came the frogs, and this 
was the age of the rank luxurious vegetation 
that formed our great coal beds- ferns and 
rushes forty feet high and two feet thick. 
A desolate enough place the earth seems 
to have been then, covered with great 
rgy with 




bogs, with a 
dense fogs. 

Then came the reptiles— horrid look- 
ing things that filled the land, the water 
and the air. Think of a great crocodile 
fish with flaps like a turtle, jaws six feet 
long, and thirty-odd feet from tip to tail ! 
The geologists call him TcMhyosaiirus Cow- 
iiiiiniHy and 1 think he deserved it all. He 
had a fitting companion in the Plesiomurutt, 
almost as large, vrith a long, serpentine 
neck like that of a swan. More hideous 
still was the Ptt-rodacti/l, a reptile as for- 
midable as these, flying through the air 
with bat-like wings, thirty feet across. 

Next in order came the mammals, ani- 
mals that suckle their young. Creatures 
among them there were that dwarf our 
modern elephants in comparison. The 
mammoth, mastodon and other large beasts 
roamed the earth, tumbling into bogs to 
be dug out by wondering man ages later. 
These remains, so common in our own 
country, including Alaska, and even in 
Greenland, show that our climate was 
once tropical. In South America skeletons 
of a giant sloth eighteen feet long and 
eight feet high have been dug up. The 
Irish elk, with head erect, raised the tips of 
his antlers ten or twelve feet from the 
ground. Some of these antlers, twelve 
feet across, have been found. It is wonder- 
fully fascinating to read of these curious 
creatures which have passed from the face 
of the earth, but we have penetrated this 
branch of the subject as far as space will 
permit. Let us consider in a "chatty" 
manner some habits and characteristics of 
animals with which we are more familiar. 

According to the Zoologist the reason 
that imylhing of a red color excites and in- 
furiates the ox tribes is because red is the 
complementary color of green, and Ihe 
eyes of oxen, being long fixed upon the 
green herbage while feeding, when they 
espy anything red it impresses their sight 
with a greatly increased intensity. The 
same effect is doubtless produced upon nil 



grazing animals by a red color. All ani- 
mals which chew the cud have cloven 
feet. Sheep have no teeth in the upper 
jaw. In some parts of the world there 
are sheep that have most of their fnt in 
their tails. These tails weigh so much 
that they have to be tied on small carts, 
which the sheep draw after them when 
they walk. The carts are made of flat 
boards on two wheels. The fat of the 
tail is very soft, and is used as butter. 
Whalebone is found in the mouth of the 
whalebone whale, where it forms the sub- 
stitute for the teeth, of which otherwise 
the animal is destitute. 

In the hottest climates the animals are 
found most to approach man, and those 
in each great zoological division pos- 
sessing organizations most complex and 
faculties most developed, while in the 
polar regions are found only beings oc- 
cupying a rank but little elevated in 
the zoological series. The apes, for ex- 
ample, are limited to the hottest parts of 
the two continents; it is the same with 
parrots among birds, the crocodile and 
tortoise among reptiles and with land 
crabs among the Crustacea — all animals the 
most perfect in their respective classes. 
The owl has no motion in the eye, the 
globe of whirh is immovably fixed in its 
socket by a strong, elastic, hard, cartilagi- 
nous case, in the form ofatrancated cone, 
but in order to compensate for this ab- 
sence of motion in the eye, it is able to 
turn its head round in almost a complete 
circle without moving its body. There is 
no country in which the raven is not found 
native. The margin of the desert, of the 
jungle, or of the forest, in the hottest 
climates; the heights of alternate cliff 
and copse in temperate climate, or the 
rocks and heaths, and even the lichen 
clad margins of the inhabited regions near 
the poles, are all equal in iLs abode. Both 
mardibles of the parrot's beak are 
movable, but most birds are able to move 
only one. The stork is partial to kittens 
as an article of food, and finds them an 
easy and wholesome prey, and the cats 
reciprocate by a love for young storks. 

The frog, owing to its peculiar structure, 
cannot breathe with the mouth open ; and 
if it were forcibly kept open the animal 
would die of suffocation. Fish swallow 
their food hastily and without mastication, 
because they are obliged unceasingly to 
open and close the jaws for the purpose of 
respiration, and cannot long retain food 
in the mouth when quite shut. The eyes 
of hares are never closed, as they are un- 
provided with the eyelids. Instead, 
thereof, they have a thin membrane which 
covers the eye when asleep, and probably 
also when at rest. This membrane folds 
like a curtain in the corner of the eye, and 
by an instantaneous action flies back when 
sight is required, and leaves the eye im- 
mediately and fully open for the exercise 
of sight. Pigs arc poor swimmers, their 
forelegs being set closely under them, and 
when they sometimes fall into the water 
they cut their throats with the sharp points 
of their cloven feet. The horse has no 
eyebrows. The appearance of much white 
in the eye of a horse indicates a vicious 
nature. 

The hump on the back of the drome- 
dary is an accumulution of a peculiar 
species of fat, which is a store of nourish- 
ment beneficently provided against the 
day of want, to which the animal is often 
exposed. The dromedary or camel can 
exist for a long period upon this hump 
without any other food. The deer is fur- 
nished with supplementary breathing 
placis in addition to the nostrils, and this 
would appear to be an extraordinary pro- 
vision of nature, giving the beast of the 
chase a freer respiration. Tortoises and 
turtles have no teeth. The cuckoo de- 
[wsits her eggs in the nests of other birds 
because she is the largest of insectivorous 
birds, and requires a great quantity 
of food, for which she must make constant 
search. She places her eggs in the nests 



of other birds with her feet, for if she sat 
upon the adopted nest while laying the 
eggs the weight of her body would disar- 
range the nest and cause it to be forsaken. 
The crocodile detours all kinds of birds it 
can get but one- the zic zac. It ie said 
that when a crocodile comes on shore he 
opens his jaws, and this bird enters and 
swallows the leeches which are found 
about the animal's jaws and teeth, and 
which have collected there, owing to the 
creature being for so long a time in the 
water. The relief afforded by having the 
leeches withdrawn induces the crocodile to 
tolerate the presence of the bird. 

The faculty the chameleon has of changing 
its color has been attributed to the pro- 
tective instinct of the animal, by which it 
seeks to render itself less observable by 
enemies by assuming the color of the bed 
on which it lies. Some naturalists attrib- 
ute the change of color to the distention 
of the chameleon's body, occasioning dif- 
ferences in the cuticle, affecting its reflec- 
tive properties; others that the animal has 
the power of throwing into its skin a dif- 
ferent pigment, or coloring matter, from 
the blood, and others to a peculiar nervous 
or galvanic action. Other animals, includ- 
ing the common tree frog, have this 
faculty of changing their color more or 
less to harmonize with the co'or of the 
leaf or tree upon which they rest. 

Of all the munimals which we know to- 
day, which, think you, can boast of the 
most ancient lineage? The common 'pos- 
sum, which, associated with " 'taters wid 
de graby dreenin' out," is so dear to the 
heart of our brother in black. The opos- 
sum is one member of a rare family 
known as marsupals, because they carry 
their young in a pouch. The only other 
living representatives of this family that 
survive are the kangaroos, various spe- 
cies of which are found in Australia. 
Not many years since that great countiy 
was overrun with these queer beasts, but 
they have been hunted so mercilessly that 
their complete extinction in a few years is 
feared. The kangaroo lives on grass, and 
as one of them will eat as much as five 
sheep, the Australian sheep raiser naturally 
regards them as nuisances Besides, their 
flesh is wholesome, and they are often 
hunted for food. This made the odds 
great enough against the " amoosin' little 
cuss," as Artemus Ward characterized the 
creature, and when the public began to 
take to kangaroo skin shoes the doom of 
the animal was sealed. A Newark firm 
is chiefly responsible for this idea, and has 
an almost complete monopoly of the busi- 
ness, annually importing thousands of 



Man and most of the larger and more 
intelligent animals have, as a rule, but one 
offspring at a birth, and breed at intervals 
of at least a year. The fecuudity of fishes 
and insects is stupendous, and but for the 
wise provision of Nature that destroys a 
great majority of the young try, the earth 
would soon be entirely overrun by them. 

According to naturalists, a scorpion will 
produce 05 young; a common fly will lay 
144 eggs, a leech 150, and a spider 170, 
A hydrachua produces 600 eggs and a frog 
1100. A female moth will produce 1100 
eggs and a tortoise 1000. A gall insect has 
laid 50,000 eggs; a shrimp GOOO, and 
10,000 have been found in the ovary of 
anascaris. One naturalist found over 
12,000 eggs in a lobster, and another over 
21,000. An insect very similar to an aut 
fniutilla) has produced 80,000 eggs in a 
single day, and Leuwenhoeck seems to 
compute 4,000,000 to the crab's share. 

Many fishes produce an incredible num- 
ber of eggs. More than 36.000 have been 
counted in a herring, 38,000 in a smelt, 
1,000.000 in a sole, 1,130,000 in a roach, 
3.000,000 in a sturgeon, 342,000in a carp, 
383,000 in a tench, 546,000 in a mackerel, 
9i)2.000 in a perch and 1,357,000 in a 
flounder. But of all known fishes, the 



cod seems to be the most prolific. One 
naturalist computes that this fish produced 
more than 3,686,000 eggs, and another as 
many as 9,444,000. A rough calculation 
has shown that were 1 per cent, of the 
eggs of the salmon to result in full-grown 
fish, and were they and their progeny to 
continue to increase in the same ratio, 
they would, in about sixty years, amount 
in bulk to many times the size of the 
earth. Nor is the salmon the most prolific 
of species. In a yellow perch weighing 
3i ounces have been counted 0943 eggs, 
and in a smelt ten inches and a half in 
length 25,141. An interesting experiment 
was made in 1701, by Charies F. Lund. 
He obtained from fifty female breams 
3,100,000 young; from 100 female perch, 
3,215,000; from 100 female mullets, 
4,000,000. 

The greatest egg jtroducers naturalists 
have yet found is the termite, commonly 
known as the white ant, though it really 
belongs to another genus. The female lays 
as many as 31,000,000 eggs in the course 
of a year — millions atone time. Ordinarily 
she is less than half an inch long, but just 
before laying the enormous number of 
eggs in her body swells it so that she 
weighs a thousand times as much as after 
the eggs have been delivered. A very 
small percentage of the progeny are per- 
fect males and still fewer perfect females. 
The great majority are known as " work- 
ers " from their industrious habits. They 
are really the slaves of the ant hill. Others 
are called the "soldiers," as they guard 
the home and do all the fighting. Strike 
the hill and they will rush out as bravely 
as the bravest garrison. Still others are 
called "neuters," though this designation 
might be applied generally to the v work- 
ers" and "soldiers" as well. These are 
all probably undeveloped males and fe- 
males, chiefly the latter. Each class, how- 
ever, may be readily distinguished from 
the others by size, form and general ap- 
pearance. Thf termite is the insect whose 
terrible march over country, devouring 
every living thing in their path, vegetable 
a. d animal, we have all read about so 
often. It is likely that these accounts are 



Ihc Eyga of Inneetit. 

An entertaining specialist in the New 
York Ledger writes that insects' eggs are not 
all of an oval form, like those of birds, 
but some are like a pear, some like an 
orange, some tike a pyramid, and some 
like a flask. The egg of the gnat, for in- 
stance, may be compared, in shape, to that 
of a powder-flask, and the mother gnat 
lays about three hundred at a time. Now 
each egg, by itself, would sink to the bot- 
tom of the water ; yet the gnat puts the 
whole three hundred together in the form 
of a little boat, tmd in such a way that 
they will all swim on the surface of the wa- 
ter, and a very curious way she has of man- 
aging this. Like other insects, the gnat 
has six legs. Four of these (the four fore- 
legs) she fastens to a floating leaf, or to the 
side of a bucket, if she is on the water 
coutaioed in a bucket. Iler body is thus 
held level with the water, except the last 
ring of her abdomen, which is a little 
raised. This being done, she begins to 
make use of her other two legs (or hind 
legs), and crosses them in the shape of the 
letter X. The open part of this X, next 
to her tail, serves as a kind of scaffolding 
to support the eggs she lays until the boat 
is formed. Each egg, when laid, iscovered 
with a kind of glue, and the gnat holds 
the first laid egg on the angle of the X 
until the second egg is laid by its side and 
glued to it ; she then glues another egg to 
its other side. All these stick together 
thus, %*, making a kind of triangle, or 
figure of three, and this is the beginning 
of the boat. Thus she goes on, piling egg 
upon egg, always keeping Ihe boat in 
proper shape by her useful hind legs. As 
the boat grows in size she pushes it from 
her by degrees, still adding to the un- 



AHT aouKNAi; 



finished end next to her body. When the 
boot is half built her hind legs are stretched 
out thn« =, the X. or cross form is no 
longer wanted, and she holds up the boat 
SB cleverly as if it were done with two out- 
stretched hands. The boat is at length 
completed, and an excellent boat it is, 
quite water-tight. For though it is very 
small and delicate, yet no tossing of the 
waves will sink it, and nothing can fill it 
with water or turn it upside down. In fact. 
the glue with which it is covered prevents it 
from ever being wet. Even if the boat be 
pushed down to the bottom of the water, 
up it comes again quitedry, so that it is even 
better than the best life-boat that has ever 
yet been invented. 

The eggs of inserts are not. like those 
of birds, always smooth, but are some- 
times ribbed, and sometimes tiled, or 
otherwise sculptured or carved on the out- 
side. The shell of an insect's egg is 
rarely ever brittle, like that of a bird, but 
composed of a lough membrane, which in 
BOine instances can be stretched out, as 
appears from the eggs of ants and some 
other insects, growing considerably larger 
in the process of hatchihg. The mother 
insects, usually dying before their eggs 
are hatched, do not sit upon them like 
birds, except in the singular instance of 
the earwig, which appears to attend more 
to shifting the eggs about to places where 
they may receive moisture, than to hatch- 
ing them by covering them. 

Trainina Ximertg. 

Every animal is more or less susceptible 
to educational influences. We have all en- 
joyed the tricks of the larger animals and 
of birds. Did you ever see a trained flea ? 
It seems incredible that a so small a creature 
could be tiu-ncd into a circus performer, 
yet there is a show where the per.ormers 
are fleas. The little creatures draw car- 
riages driven by other fleas, walk tight 
ropes, turn somersaults, run races and per- 
form various amusing acts. You look at 
the show through a miignifyiug gloss. 

Scientific men are now at work on the 
problem of using bees as dispatch bearers 
in the place of carrier pigeons. The bee 
can outfly the pigeon, and oiTers no target 
to the marksman, as in the case of the 
pigeon. The instinct that guides him to 
to his home is just as alert, and it has been 
demonstrated that by the aid of photo- 
microscopy a dispatch of 5000 words can 
be borne by a bee with no particular in- 
convenience. 

i;.fl Flapping of a Fly'tt Wing. 
Sir John Lubback tells us that the slow 
flapping of a butterfly's wing produces no 
sound, but when the movements are rapid 
the noise is produced, which increases in 
shrillness with the number of vibrations. 
Thus the house fly, which produces the 
sound F, vibrates its wings 21,120 times a 
minute, or 335 times in a second; and the 
bet, which makes a sound of A, as many 
aa 26,400 times, or 440 times in a second. 
On the contrary, a tired bee hums on E, 
and therefore, according to theory, vi- 
brates its wings only 330 times in a sec- 
ond. Marcy, the naturalist, after many 
attempts, has succeeded, by a delicate 
mechanism, in confirming these numbers 
graphically. He fixed a fly eo that the tip 
• of his wings just touched a cylinder, 
which was moved by clockwork. Each 
stroke of the wing caused a mark, of 
couise very slight, but still quite percepti- 
ble, and thus showed that there were actu- 
ally 330 strokes in a second, agreeing al- 
most exactly with the number of vibrations 
inferred from the note produced. 



Ostrich farming is a profitable industry 
in South Africa, and has been tried on a 
small scale with some success in this coun- 
try. In Manchuuia, a district in the 
Dorlheru part of the Chinese Empire, dog 
fanning is an important business. The 
uuimaU are raised chiefly for their hides, 



though the flesh is n\m eaten. Frttl 
Clark, an enterprising citizen of Mt. 
Morris, New York, has a well-stocked 
skunk farm. Terrapin raising is an indus- 
try of the Maryland coast. A Georgia 
man has a little fortune invested in opos- 
sum farming. 

nibtrnatlon nnti Xttivatlon. 

By a wise provision of nature some ani- 
mals are endowed with the faculty of 
suspending their living functions during 
certain periods, usually seasons of weather 
unsuited to their natures. Thus, with us, 
the bear, chipmunk, snakes and other 
creatures, crawl into their holes and lie 
dormant through the winter. Whether 
the animal subsists during this jieriod of 
hibernation upon fat stored in certain 
glands for the purpose is an unsettled 
question, but the weight of scientific 
opinion favors the theory that all the phys- 
ical as well OS mental processes are in a 
state of absolute suspension. 

It is a somewhat recent discovery that 
certain animals in very hot countries go 



of inconvenience than holding the injured 
member np. As a rule, the smaller the 
animal's brain in proiwrtion to his bulk 
the less his capacity for suffering. Fish 
endure little pain. In fuct. some scientists 
think that their seusnlions when taken 
from the water correspond to those of a 
human being under the influence of 
laughing gas. The worm, with which 
you bait your hook, probably feels it less 
than you would a slight prick from a pin. 
If cut in two the head part will grow a 
new tail. Nearly all animals, however, 
are susceptible of acute sensations of fear. 

InHtncU That Are I.o»t. 

The following is from an article in the 
London Sprctator : 

If the doctrine be true that man is really 
the heir of all the various species and 
genera of the animal kingdom, it seems a 
little hard upon us that, even by way of 
expectation, we inherit none of the most 
marvelous instincts of those species and 




This 



r during 
, called ffistiva- 



Fish have been known to burrow in the 
mud of a drying pond and preserve life 
in a torpid state until fresh rains restored 
Ihem to their native element. Frogs and 
other reptiles will live for an indefinite 
period hemietically sealed in a rock. 



There has been much discussion over the 
degree of pain endured by various animals 
compared with that endured by man. That 
it is very much less in the case of other 
animals is not to be questioned. Those 
which have been associated with men most 
intimately, such as the dog and horse, 
sufier more from physical injuries. Yet a 
horse with a leg crushed to a pulp will 



genera, and have to be content with those 
greater but purely human faculties by 
which even the most wonderful of animal 
instincts have been somehow extinguished. 
Sir John Lubbock maintains with a great 
deal of plausibility that there are insects, 
and very likely even higher animals, which 
perceive colors of which we have no 
glimpse, and bear sounds which to us are 
inaudible. Yet we never hear of a human 
retina that includes in its vision those 
colors depending on vibrations of the ether 
which are too slow or too rapid for our 
ordinary eyes, nor of a human ear which 
is entranced with music that to the great 
majority of our species is absolutely in- 
audible. Again, we never hear of a human 
being who could perform the feat, of 
which wc were told only recently, of a 
bloodhound. In a dark night it followed 



up for three miles the trail of a thief with 
whom the bloodhound could never have 
been in contact (he had just purloined 
some rolls of tan from the tanyard in 
which the dog was chained up), and fin- 
ally sat down under the tree in which the 
man had taken refuge. Why, we wonder, 
arc those finer powers of discriminating 
and following the track of a scent which 
so many of the lower aniroals posse£^ en- 
tirely extinguished in man, if man be the 
real heir of all the various genera which 
show powers inferior to his own ? Weseeno 
trace in animals of that high enjoyment of 
the finer scent which makts the blossom- 
ing of the spring flowers so great a delight 
to human beings, and yet men are entirely 
destitute of that almost unerring power of 
tracking the path of an odor which seems 
to be one of the ])rincipal gifts of many 
quadrupeds and some birds. It is the same 
with the power of a dog or cat to find its 
way back to a home to which it is at- 
tached, but from which it has been taken 
by a route that it cannot possibly follow 
on its return, even if it had the power of 
observing that route, which usually it has 
not had. Nothing could be more conveni- 
ent than such a power to a lost child. But 
no one ever heard of any child who pos- 
sessed it. Still more enviable is that in- 
stinct possessed by so many birds of cross- 
ing great tracts of land and sea without 
apparently any landmarks or sea marks to 
guide them, and of reaching a ijuarter of 
the globe which many of them have never 
visited before, while those who have vis- 
ited it before have not visited it often 
enough to learn the way, at least by any 
rule which, in like circumstances, would 
be of any use to human intelligence. The 
migratory birds must certainly be in pos- 
session of either senses or instincts entirely 
beyond the range of human imagination, 
and yet no one ever heard of the survival 
of such a sense or instinct in any member 
of our race. It may be said, indeed, that 
men have either inherited or reproduced 
the slave-making instinct of some of the 
military ants, though that unfortunate and 
degrading instinct does not appear to have 
been inherited by any of the higher 
animals which intervene between the in- 
sects and our own race; but this only en- 
hances the irony of our destiny, if we do, 
indeed, in any sense inherit from these 
insect aristocracies one of the most 
disastrous instincts of the audacious but 
indolent creatures which fight so much 
better than they work. If we have not 
inherited the acchitectural instincts of bees 
or beavers, nor the spinning instincts of 
spiders, nor the power of the dog to track 
out its home, it is a little sad that we 
should have inherited the one disastrous 
instinct of the ant by which it makes itself 
dependent on a more timid and industrious 
species of its own race, and thereby loses 
the power to help itself. What is stilt 
more curious is that even when human 
beings have wholly exceptional and un- 
heard-of powers they betray no traces of 
the exceptional and unheard-of powers of 
the races whose vital organization we are 
said to inherit. The occasional appear- 
ance of very rare mathematical powers, for 
instance, so far from being in any sense 
explicable from btlow, looks much more 
like inspirat on from above. The calcu- 
lating boy, who could not even give any 
account of the process whereby he arrived 
at correct results which the educated 
mathematician took some time to verify, 
certainly was not reviving in himself any 
of the rare powers of the lower tribes of 
animals. Nor do the prodigies in music 
who show such marvelous power in infancy 
recall to us any instinct of the bird, the 
only musical creature except ourselves. 
Still less, of course, does great moral 
cenius, the genius of a Howard or a Clark- 
son, suggest any reminiscence 
happens in the world of animal 1 



of what 



e any nuch person t 




Lessons in Business Writing;. 



BVIEW the movfincDt 
cxcrciHCS in Lesson I, 
making them <juickly. 
Ill this lesson we have 
i ^ , |.|. iin of work for the 
V^ jii. lilt month, and I de- 
(very pupil to be 
wide ftwukeand willing to work. Where 
we have so many different copies, the boys 
iiiiint not be too anxious to get all at once, 
by spreading themselves all over the field 
at the first jump. 

(Jopies 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 must receive 
practice. Hold the hand in a good, easy 
position; make the first exercise quickly ; 
don't make a loop at the top of r, nor lift 
the pen between the letters. 

Nort. 2, 3 and 4 form natural combina- 
tions; be careful about the top of m; 
study the shape of each form. 

Noe. 5, (1 and 7 arc very important; 
notice height and width of loops; mftke 
downward strokes straight; don't omit 
the last stroke. 

Now we are all pleased ; and, of course, 
good work will be in order. Take the 
capitJil A and make it with an easy move- 
ment, not with a jerl; and aim to close 
it at the top. You must make not less 
lluin 75 per minute. 

Take the capitals, one at a time, and 
give them faithful study and practice; 
then write them in order; get them all the 
same height. 

You will notice two styles of d, /, g, t 
and y in tbe cut showing small letter al- 
phabet. The second style of each is the one 
used at the end of a word, as you may see 
lu the cut that follows. 

In writing the final copy, I want every 
pupil to slide the hand with each letter. 
Study the spacing between words. Com- 
pare the slant of your writing with copy. 

These lessons are for the boys and girls, 
and I want you to be perfectly free to send 
lue specimens of your best writing; and 
whenever I can aid you I shall take pleas- 
ure in so doing. Don't be ashamed of your 
work. The finest penmen in the country 
were no better writers than you before 
they studied and practiced. 



Words Commonly Misused. 

Perhaps this list embodies some of your 
own eccentricities of language: 

Adminiater for deal or yhe. 

Amateay for novice. 

Antieipale for expect. 

Carnality for carnal 'ty. 

Charact«r for repvlation. 

Consider for suppose. 

Constantly for frequently. 

Directly for as soon as. 

Eml/race for comprise. 

Firstly ioxjirst. 

Gratuitfjus for untnir or niifoundtd. 

Inaugurate for hegin or inntHutf. 

Jiidorse for sanction or approve. 

f.cH» for fewer. 

lAahlf for likfly. 

Majority for moat. 

Mutual for common. 

OliKei-re for say. 

Occur for takes place. 

J'artatc for take ov cat. 

PartiaUy for partly. 

Quite for tchoUy or rather. 

Itfplftce for supply, etc. 

Proof ioT testimony. 

Transpire for take place. 

"Ke exploded thcidca;" "I am mis- 
taken;" ^^ lie partook of a liearty break- 
fast"; "Mary perforins on the piano"; 
" He took a portion of the bread"; "I 
irH*pfc( his honesty '■; "Have you any of 
those kind^'i "They called upon him to 
sing"; "I am hound (determined) to go." 



The preceding expressions are very fre- 
quently heard, yet each is faulty. 

" You ought not to write as you have 
done"; " Have you u _/m^/ complement ?" 
" They stopped in a grove of small trees " ; 
"I go from hrnre to Denver"; "The 
fimeral of the late Mr. Wait " ; " The old 
veteran is gone." In expressions similar 
to the foregoing the italicized words are 
superfluous. — Pmnityhanin School. 



EDUCATIONAL NOTES. 



[Contributions for this Department may be 
acfclreased to B. F. Kelley. office of Thb Pen- 
man's Art JounNAL. Brief educational items 
solicited.] 

Facts. 

Harvard, Yale, Cornell and Princeton issue 
daily papers. 

Tlie income of Cambridge University (Eng.) 
in the year IKS? was i:346,.'>50, or about $1,700,- 
000. 

In Philadelphia there are 110,000 pupils in 
the public schools, :W,O0U in private scbnols. 

It is against the law in Germany to put win- 
dows on both sides of the schoolroom. 



" Johnny.wbat teacbei* are you tmder most f " 

"They all sit on me wben they get a chance." 
— Munney's Weekly. 

Teacher : "Translate, please, 'Omnia (Pal- 
lia divisa est in tres partes.' " 

Pupil : " All Gaul is quartered into three 
halves." 

" Tommy,'" said a youngster's mother. 
" there is a great big blot on your copy book." 

" No, mamma, you're mistaken. That's only 
a period. Our teacher is awfully near-sighted." 

Ml-. Staid : " And is Miss Gigglegaggle well 
educated (" 

Mrs. McFad : " Educated i I should say 
so. Why, the ribbons on her graduating dress 
alone cost over t^i).— Boston Transcript. 

" Now, Samuel," said oue of our teachers, 
"your father is a coal dealer. Suppose he 
should sell me six tons of coal at $<i per ton, 
what would he have J" 

Samuel : " He'd have $36 and two tons of 
coal left." — Toledo American. 

Teacher : '■ If Johnny Jones has four apples 
and divides them with you equally, how many 
will you then have i" 

Tommy: "The two littlest ones."— Terra 
Haute Express. 



Crandle's Copies for July Practice. 







Austria has 8000 school gardens devoted to 
horticulture and botany in connection with 
school work. 

The New York Independent says that in 
thirteen Southern States 42J, 000 colored chil- 
dren, between the ages of six and fom-teen 
years, were not at school at all last year. 

The Cornell school of journalism is a thing 
of the past. The news of this fact did not pro- 
duce any marked effect on the " trained jour- 
nalist" market. 

The Boston School Board has decided not to 
takeaway from the -teachei-s the right to inflict 
corporal punishment. 

Industrial drawing is uow taught in SOI 
cities and towns in Massachusetts. 

North Cai'olina has 800,000 acres of swamp 
land to sell for the benefit of her education 

The Jews of New York propose to erect a 
mission building to cost $'2,000,000 . In the new 
building will be kindergarten and industrial 
classes, free lectures, and 



The Slate of Texas has $100,000,000 school 
bonds iu the ti-easury. There ai-e MOO colored 
teachers, and she spends over jri50,0(;0 annually 
on colored schools. The colori'd population 
pay 3 per cent, of the taxes and get 20 per 
cent, of the school funds. 



He hailed from Boston : (Cedric's mother 
was a New Yorker, but Cedric himself was 
born in Boston). " Cedric, you are a naughty 
boy ; you want a licking,"' said she. " No, 
mother," returned the child, bravely, " I may 
need chastisement, but I do not want it." — 
Harper's Bazar. 

"And this is where you teach the young 
idea how to shoot ? " remarked the visitor to 
the pretty school ma'am. 

" Yes, su'," she ropUed ; " we teach trigger- 
uometry here. "— Jh dge. 

Professor : " Mr. Cbumpy, I am anxious 
for your father's soke to break the long list of 
demerit marks you have won here. Do you 
think you will ever learn anything ! " 

" No, sir." 

" Mark Mr. Chumpy as havmg correctly 
answered all the questions put to him this 
}vsi=OQ.''''— Philadelphia THmes. 

Teacher : " Sammy, what is the meaning of 
the word ' procrastinate ! ' " 

Sammy : " It means 'to put off,' sir." 

Teacher : " Correct. Now, construct a sen- 
tence introducing the word." 

Sammy : " When a man goes to bed at night 
he procrastiuales his gai-ments."— ronfcers 
Oasftlc. 

Gravitation Lesson. — Teacher : " Now, 
James, what makes the apples fall from the 

James • ' Worms," 



A small boy's composition on " Umbrellas "' 
states that " Umberellers were introduced iu 
the rain of George the Third, which was a 
disastrous one in many particulars. Ijeiug the 
time when the Declaration of IndependeucL- 
was signed by the four hundred, and abuut 
the date when George Washington eouM not 
lie."— .V. Y. Com. Adi: 

JUST FOR ITIV. 

" More old landmarks gone," .laid the tramp 
after his compulsory bath, -Terrt- Haute Ex- 
press. 

Hogg was only a fourth rate poet, but he is 
the only literarv man who ever had a pen 
named after him. — Puck. 

" Is that young man gone, Matilda'" cried 
her father from the top of the stairs. 

" Oh, awfully ! " returned Matilda.— PiicA-. 

" Butter,'" says a learned writer, " was un- 
known to the ancients." Then some of it can- 
not be as old as it seems. —/"iVfsburoA Chroni- 
cle-Telegraph. 

"These are the husks that the swine didn't 
eat," as the sexton said when he swept the pea- 
nut fhells out of the lecture room after the 
church fair. 

Henderson: "That was a good thing your 
wife got off at the theater last night. It pleased 

Williamson: " What was it ( " 

Henderson: "Herbonnet." 

Waiter (looking in on a noisy card party in 
hotel bedroom) : " I've been sent to ask you to 
make less noise, gentlemen. Tlie gentleman in 
Ihe next room says he can't read." 

Host: '■ Tell him he ought to be ashamed of 
himself. Why, I could read wheu I was five 
yeai-s o\6.."— Jester. 

Judge: " You are a freeholder ? " 

Prospective Jmyman: "Yes, sir." 

Judge: " Man-ied or single ? " 

Prospective Juryman: " Married three years 
ago last month." 

Judge: " Have you formed or expressed any 
opinion ?" 

Prospective Juryman: "Not since I was 
married, three years ago." 

He (who has been hanging fire all winter) : 
" Are you fond of poppies, Miss Smith i " 

She (promptly) : " What asingular way you 
have of proposing, Elgardo. Yes, darling." 

And now the cards ai-e out. 

They were in the parlor, occupying one chair, 
with but a single thought. They had discussed 
the tariff, the Irish question, the sleighing, the 
opera, the weather and other important topics 
till conversation was about fagged out. Aftei- 
along pause: 

"Whatty?" 

" Do you think I am making any progress in 
courting ? " 
" Well, I should say you were holding your 

Tableau. — Exchange. 

Mi-8. Pangle: "Lizzie, what time was it 
when that young man left last night ? " 

Lizzie : " About II, mamma." 

Mrs. Fangle: "Now, Lizzie, it wastwohom-s 
later than that, tor I distinctly heard him say, 
as you both went to the door, ' Just one 
Lizzie.' " You can't fool your mother." 

Johnny ; " Mamma, what's the use of keep- 
ing the whip you use on me behind the motto, 
' God bless our home T " 

Mamma: " Canyon suggest a better place r" 

Johnny : " Yes; put it behind the mrtto" I 
need thee every hour.' " 

Popiilarltr of " UI1P» ITIanual.** 

Few books ever printed in this country have 
reached so large a circulation as Hill's Manual 
of Biography and Art. Up to date 338,000 
copies have been sold, with a new edition in 
press and an increasing demand. We might 
say too that no book with which we are fa- 
miliar has built its popularity upon a sui-er 
fouudation. The title does not convey an en- 
tii-ely adequate impression of the contents, nor 
could any title of reasonable length. The 
Manual is really a boiled dowu cyclopedia of 
everyday science, art and biography— a <om- 
pendium of forms, formulas and general data 
of a utilitarian nature, calculated to greatly 
reduce the friction of transacting everyday 
busineffi. The author and publisher, Thomas 
E. Hill, Prospect Park, III., deserves all the 
success he has won. 

The cost of the proposed Nicaragua Canal is 
now placed at §0.5,000.000. The distance be- 
tween the (jceans is 1(1:) miles, but only twenty- 
uine miles of t-anal will hnvi; to be dug. The 
Sun Juan River must be dee|)ened and some 
artificial basins t-onstruirteti in the valleys of 
other streams. Lake Nicai-agua affords fifty- 
six miles of free sailing. The Suez Canal, 
which was cut out of the soil and sand for 100 
mUes, cost ^1,000,000, 



THE FE3SriA,A.N''S I^EISXJI^E HOU^t. 




By C. P. Zanei\ Cohimbus, Ohio. [Both Cuts fr 



Book of Flourishes.] 



Penmen Are Delighted. 



What 



or An 



THE COMPILER of 
Ames' Book of Flour- 
isb«s canoot but feel 
fluttered at the ap- 
proving curaments that 
have poured in from all 
pnrta of the country 
since the work was put 
ou the market. Every 
one agreei that it is the 
cheapest penmanship 
woik in print, by com- 
pario;; the extent and 
quality of its plate mat- 
ter with that of any 
other book. In heavy 
paper covers at $1, and 

cloth and gilt at #1.50. Here are some 

fresh comments boiled down; 

A Bit. 

r, N. Craudle, N. I. Normal School, Dixon, 
lit. : My pupils have received their Ames' 
Books of Flourishes and are delighted with 
them. You have certainly made a hit. [This 
was a lai'ge order.] 

D. D. Darby. Northboro, Iowa : Kar letter 
than I auticipated. Would readily give t5 
for such a work. 




Thr Cream of TJtetn At 

R. L. Nutt, High Point. N. C. ; 
the finest flourishes I ever saw. 



C. E. Parsons, Worce-ster. 
aider it an estimable and suptf 
assncb would cheerfully lohhik 



nd i- 



full confidence tbat it nill buth please and 
benefit all who are iutercsted in [wq art. 
Kothlna Wwt Oood Wordii For It. 
P. W. Costello, City Engineer's Office, 
Scranton, Pa. ; I have nothing but good 
words for it. Without going into detail I cer- 
tamly think that the work or any portion of it 
cannot be sm'passed. Now that I have seen 
the book I would not be without it for three 

Lcada Them All on Ornamental 
Penmanship. 

T. T. Wilson, Dison, 111., Bus. Univei-sity : 
I regai-d it as far superior in every respect to 
anything that bas ever been published in the 
ornamental penmansbip line, and it costs 
about oue-fourth as much as other such works. 
I am delighted with it. congi'atnlate you, and 
think every ]>enmaD should have a copy. 

J. H. ElUott, Baltimore City College : 
excelleuce of the work is beyond question, 
grace and bcniity wiJl be a lasting joy to 
men. Its txtreme cheapness will place 
the hands of all. 



The 



ait : 



titllth 



not to educate it certainly will inspire all 
lovers of the art who are so fortunate as to 
have it to new efforts in pen skill. I beheve I 
can even write better already. You deserve 
the thanks of all penmen for this gold mine of 

A Votume That Compels Admiration, 

J. L. Hallstrom, Gustavus Adolphus Col- 
lege, St. Peter, Minn. ; I feel it my duty to 
express my admiration of the pretty volimie. 
It is certainly one of the best works of its 
kind, and its marvelously low price ought to 
place it in the hands of every oue interested in 
the "'beautiful art." 

Worth the Mont, Cott the Least. 

Q. M. Claik, Dunn's, W. Va. : I consider 
it the finest as well as the cheapest penman- 
ship work on the market. 

W. S. Hart. Haddenfield, N. J. : In my 
opinion it is the best and cheapest pemnanship 
work ever put on the market, and should be in 
the hand; of those who have any interest in 
penmanship. 

N. L. Hickock, pen ai-tist, Boston: I con- 
sider it a valuable addition to my hbrary of 
penmanship publications, in which Ames' 
Compendium takes fii-st place of course. 
Please quote price in dozen lots. 

Ilent In Quallti/, Quantity, Varirty. 

C. W, GiSin. Uvalde, Texas: Accept my 
thanks and heartiest congratulations for giv- 
ing to lovers of penmanship such a splendid 
work. It is by far the best of its kind I ever 



saw, not only in quality but quantity and 
variety of styles shown . 

Semarkable In Every Partteular. 

E. L. Burnett, B. & S. Coll., Providence, 
R. I. : It is a remarkable work in every par- 
ticular. The selection, arrangement and press 
work are superior. I would not be without it 
for five times its cost. 

Nothing Suprr}tuou» About It 

V. E. Cook, Stockton. Cal.. Bus. Coll. : I am 
much pleased with it. The paper, press work 
and general arrangement is excellent and the 
pen work itself cannot he other than " way 
up "when we look at the title: "America's 
Best Penmen." American penmen are the 
bestandthe Art Joornai, gets the best work. 
The work is so compact, and with nothing 
superfluous between the lids, making it most 
longratulate vou. 
-e Optnton. 



K C. Eastman, Stonehara, 
ss. : I am greatly pleased with 
AH my friends who hive 
1 it speak of it in the highest 
ns of praise. It is a great 



J. P. Byrne, Coll. of the Holy 
Ghost, Pittsburgh : I have 
taken much pleasure in look- 
ing through lis pages. It pre- 
sents a beautiful appearance 
the mechanical work is as 
feet as anything I have 
I know that many penmen 



L such convenient shape. 




AH 1 .iOl'HNAi; 



PENMAN'S Art Journal 



Adverti»tng rales. 30 cents per nonpareil 
line. «2.50 jier inch, each inaerttnn. Diacovntii 
for tfrm and spacr. Special estimate* fur- 
niahrd em application. No advrrtiaemetits 
lakm for leulhan ^ . ,„ 

SuhnrHption : Ow year $1 : on* number W 
cenlti. No fret, samples ejxept to bona Jide 
ayenta who are »ub8C7HbeT», to aid them in 
taking m^»eription». 

Foreign gubgcriptiona (*o countries in Pos- 
tal Union) $1.2ii per year. 

Premium Ltat on Page ill^ 

New York, J uly, 1890. 

conxENTa. 

B^mi - ■' ■ ^ ^ IIJ 

n't' '\"f.,m,'.,'i'- ."i m- ..( iii-cfts; TfaJnlnglnBecU; 

LeMon in Bu»1ne8B Wrllln8-No. a. loa 

Wordi Commonly HIiiusc<1 1"2 






s 


UBSCRIBERS sho 


uld notify 


us of contempla 


ed change 


of 


address a month 


n advance 


If 


possible. It Is un 


reasonable 


to 


expect us to re 


nail papers 


th 


at have not reachert the sub- | 


Te 


gllgence- 


of his own 



EDITORIAL COMMENT. 






Up. 




[luitml Inj C. M. Wiaier.] 

'T SEEMS that the pub- 
with sons and daugh- 
ters to educate, 
are themselves being 
educated up to the 
point of demanding 
ter facilities in 
public schools 
for the teaching of 
writing. Even the press 
waking up by degrees, 
the following edi- 
torial, from a recent issue of the New 
York /?(/«, pne of our leading metropoli- 
tan papers, attests : 

The correspondent who wrote to us the other 
(lny with rugard to the faulty instruction in 
poumanship in the publicschools touched upon 
a matter of importance. 

The average handwriting of our peoplo is 
liad; worse, probably, than that of any other 
nation. It is i^ither crabbed and illegible or of 
a mechanical character, in which all indi- 
viduality is lost; and poor instruction is chiefly 
responsible for the evil. Instead of improving 
upon natui'ti, our haphazard method perverts 
it, with the result that boys and girls who 
uiight write well i f properly taught go through 
life cui-sed with a bad chirography. How 
could it be otherwise, when their teachers set 
them the example in that respect i 

The run of our school teachers write a poor 
hand, without grace, beauty, or distinction. 
When it is legible, it is apt to be vulgar and 



commonplace. It gives readers of their letters 
an unfavorable conception to their characters, 
education and breeding, and a letter is often 
the first introduction of an individual, and 
from it the i*ecipieut forms his first and most 
fixed impression of the quality of the sender. 

Peiinianslup, therefore, should be a depart- 
ment of instruction in the public schools upon 
which the greatest care is bestowed. It is 
more important there than algebra, geometry 
and three-quarters of the other branches by 
which the Board of Education sets so much 
store. A first rate writing master is more es- 
t«ential than a great mathematician, and he de^ 
serves a higher salary. He is harder to get 
than a high flown, new-fangled Professor of 



The English are good penmen, as their ordi- 
nary commercial letter shows, and oven the 
writing of very many English mechanics is 
clear and dignified. The Irish are even better 
writers, and the Geinuau mercantile hand is 
quite admii-able. But with us the rule is the 
other way. Usually the letter is a scrawl, or 
the chirography is of the copybook kind, cheap 
and poor, and mechanical in appearance. 

Yet there is noi'eason why Americans should 
not be as good writers as other peoples, if they 
were scientifically instructed in youth. An 
accomplishment of great value and of practical 
assistance to success in life, as our correspondent 
says, is neglected as somettung of minor con- 

The writing master is a functionary of the 
school who is of foremost importance. But he 
must know what good bandwi-iting is. 

We have frequently, through the col- 
umns of the JorRNAi., called attention 
to the fact that writing receives, accord- 
ing to its importance, less attention than 
any other branch in our public schools, 
that there is really less intelligence and 
earnest effort on the part of teachers 
and the school boards of the country 
to bring writing up to its proper stand- 
ard of excellence than any other of the 
common school branches. While the 
writer of the article quoted is gravely at 
fault in several of his statements or con- 
clusions, in the main his criticisms are well 
founded. He speaks of the haphazard 
method of teaching writing instead of 
improving upon nature. We are not aware 
that nature teaches writing. We have 
been led to suppose that good copies, good 
methods, good teachers and patient study 
and practice on the part of the pupil are 
the only means through which essentially 
good writing can be acquired. 

While it is alleged that writing is taught 
haphazard, yet the complaint is made that 
writing acquired is so uniform as to be 
devoid of character. The fact that the 
writing of a class of pupils, while learning, 
is uniform would go to show the excel- 
lence of the instruction rather than other- 
wise. It is absolutely necessary in our 
gTiided schools that writing be taught by a 
thoroughly systematic and uniform meth- 
od, thatthe samecopiesand methodsof in- 
struction should be used in several grades, in 
order that the work of one grade may 
jiroperly supplement and carry forward that 
flhich has been begun or performed in the 
previous grades. Otherwise the work of one 
teacher would, instead of tending to ad- 
vance, tend to un(io that which had been 
gained in a previous grade. So far as the 
acquisition of systematic writing in the 
public school tending to destroy the per- 
sonality of the after or adult writing of 
the pupil, it is untrue. Personality in 
writing is something that can neither be 
taught nor hindered. It comes uubiddeo 
and unconsciously in after practice from 
different environments, together with dif- 
ferent characteristics, physically and 
mentally, which will inevitably introduce 
changes and specific personalities into 
adult handwritings that will make their 
identity absolutely as certain as will be the 
writers by their physiognomy and their 
personal traits. There need be no greater 
apprehension that there will ever be any 
two persons on the face of the earth who 
will write hands ao identically the same 
as to be un distinguishable than that there 
will be two persons possessing the same 
physiognomy and personid traits of char- 



We agree with the writer that there 
should be a first-class teacher of writing 
at the head of the writing depart- 
ent in every city of importance. As 
to the alleged inferiority of the writing 
of Americans as compared with that of 
other nationalities, we do not think that 
the a.<(sertion is well grounded. 

We are impressed, however, with the 
belief that the general introduction of 
shorthand and typewriting has caused 
longhand to deteriorate somewhat in qual- 
ity, and that it will probably do so to a 
still greater degree. A few years ago every 
important house of business, as well as 
authors and others employing amanuenses, 
required a good rapid longhand, which is 
now very largely supplied by shorthand 
and typewriting, hence there is inevitably 
much less importance attached to the 
value of good handwriting for correspon- 
dence and other purposes now than in 
years before the stenographer and type- 
writer came into such general use. 

" Will it pay me to advertise my work 
in TuE Journal ?" 

We don't know ; how should we ? It 
depends on you and your work. We have 
the people to buy provided you offer them 
sufficient inducements and gain their con- 
fidence. If you ran't do that, don't waste 
your money in advertising. 

Many people, rational on other subjects, 
appear to be very much befogged with re- 
spect of the science of advertising. If 
they spend one dollar for that purpose, and 
do not immediately get two in return, they 
think there is . a screw loose somewhere. 
No publication cares to deal with such 
people, but all have to do so at times. 
They are, of course, the poorest kind of 
advertisers and very rarely get back half 
of the money they put into it. The suc- 
cessful advertiser first finds out his own 
capabilities. It is his business to know 
what he can do and what others in the 
same line can do. If his competitors can 
outstrip him, he must offer some induce- 
ment that will at least make up the differ- 
ence. Then he must know his field- 
where to find the people who are to be his 
patrons, and when he has found them, he 
must know how to impress them with the 
advantages of dealing with him. 

A mistake ridiculously common with in- 
experienced advertisers is to overstate the 
inducements. An intelligent public will 
not believe that you are losing money for the 
privilege of serving them. It is a common 
and natural proceeding to make an ex*ra 
effort to attract new customers in the hope 
of making them permanent patrons, but 
- don't try to make people believe that 
philanthropic principles are actuating 
you. Such an attempt presupposes a de- 
gree of idiocy either in you or those whose 
custom you seek, and invests the affair 
with an atmosphere of humbuggery that 
handicaps the advertiser from the start. 

" Why is it that Blank gets good returns 
from his advertisements and I do not, 
though my work is as good ?" 

The question has been asked over and 
over again. Well, one reason is that 
Blank has been advertising for a long time 
steadily and the public have got to know 
him very well. His name is suggested by 
the mention of his business, and it would 
be a queer state of affairs if such knowl- 
edge on the part of the public and the 
confidence it begets did not operate to 
Blank's credit. Reputation is just so much 
capital, from a commercial point of view. 

There is only one way to successfully 
advertise a business, and that is, keep at it 
until one's name is associated in the minds 
of the public with that business. Spas- 
modic advertising very rarely pays. Peo- 
ple want to know who they are dealing 
with, especially in a mail business, where 
there is no opportunity of seeing the goods 
before purchasing. Hammer your name 
into your business so that it will be a part 
of it, like a name blown in a bottle No 




one can buy the bottle without getting the 
name. Then, if there be good in the 
business, and in you, the reward will come. 

Writing Section Programme at tlie Jt. E. 

CnAiRMAN S. C. Wii-MAMs, of the Pen- 
manship Section of the B. E, A., has been 
very active during the past several weeks 
arranging the details of the forthcoming 
meeting. The subjoined list of topics for 
discussion, with programme as revised to 
date, shows that the committee proposes 
to treat this branch thoroughly as it de- 



Thubsdat, July 24.-9 to 9.30— How best to 
secure movement and proper position of hand 
in wi-iting. Subject opened by C. Bayless, 
Dubuque. Iowa. 

9.30 to 10 — Gymnastic movement exercises — 
to what extent valuable I Paper followed by 



student f H. B. 



Palmer, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 



business college wi-itmg f 
Jacksonville. 111. 
y.30 to 10— Fine pens ; coarse pens— which 



business writing 
best be taught by using business writing as 



1 teachmg wiutiug '. Charles 
R. Wells, Syracuse. N. Y. 

0.30 to 10— What ore the greatest indirect 
helps in producing good writers in our business 



1. What is the best size of wi'iting to teach I 

2. A set of capitals and of small lebtei-s 
adapted to business. 

3. Relation of ornamental penmanship to 
busmess colleges. 

4. The Ik~i ->>t.*iii ■! finding penmanship 
classes. 

1 the student 






:ii].l [i. :ihn-. Lo tiis work * 
,0 efforl^ wherein does it Ue ( 



Each paper will be followed by a gen- 
eral discussion. It is not too late for sug- 
gestions as to other topics to be treated, 
and the chairman would be glad to hear 
from those interested. Ue may be ad-' 
dressed in care of Williams & Rogers, 
Rochester, N. Y. We quote encouraging 
words from his letter of JuneJ8, enclosing 
the above programme: 

The inclosed iirogram is as nearly complete 



e it at this date. 

'entlemeu who have tbui 

siguilied their wflliuguess to take part, at 



The 



iug, and the topics they f 



Now LET UB have the Possibilities of 
Busioesfl College work. They are very 
great. Mrs. Spencer has the floor. 



A1.LY a paper like The Joukkal 
i ]arpe number of pen specimens, 
moBt of tbem sent for review and not a 
few with the request that they be engraved 
and published. Naturally agtiin not one- 
tenth of the latter ever reach the engraver, 
some of them because they are not worth 
it, others because we have an overflow of 
like matter, and others because of poor 
judgment in selection of the subject. 

Since penmanship papers have been 
the practice has prevailed of sending in 
specimens, interlaced with such legends as 
" Success to the Penman's Art Journai,,'" 
"The JoiTRNAL stands at the Head," &c. 



that represent no value at all. and shall go 
slow in the future about adding to that 
collection. Model letters and other script 
specimens are more desirable if impersonal 
in character. When a painter finishes a 
picture or an illustrator completes his 
drawing, or the engraver cuts it on wood, 
it if usual to put in the name or initials 
delicately and unobtrusively. This is 
called the "signature," and is never made 
a part of the design. In many pen spici- 
mcns that we receive the name of the de- 
signer is the biggest part of the design. 

The National Educational Asbocia- 
TiON will be in session at St. Paul for three 



We will suppose he is a penman and de- 
sires to teach that branch only. He will 
find It more difficult to get employment 
than if he were able to lend a hand at the 
commercial branches and possibly assist in 
the English department. Only those 
schools that have a very large attendance, 
as a rule, employ a man to teach nothing 
but writing, or nothing but bookkeeping. 
The small or medium size school needs a 
man who can give instruction in pretty 
much the whole course. 

There are some young men — bright 
ones, too — who are teaching on a salary of 
$60 a month. This is very little, but these 
young men are looking to the future. 



Writing as Taught by Our Business Colleges. 







qtllJ^CY, ILL. 




the first year or two. but if he is after 
that, it is usually safe to assume that the 
fault is his own. 









From the Ot 




College, Quincy, 111., D. L. Musselman, Pinncipal. First Two Upei 
Qraduates in Business, 



Such sentiments, extremely gxatitying 
though they may be to the pnde of the 
editor, do not enhance the art value of the 
specimen, and give it the flavor of a cer- 
tificate of character which is not desirable 
in that connection. Many a beautiful 
specimen has been pigeon-holed for no 

Let the specimen show for what it is 
without attempting to serve any ulterior 
purpose. There is an abundance of good 
mottoes that will supply all needed letter- 
ing without giving it a personal flavor. 
Such designs if well made may be turned 
to some account, and there is some induce- 
ment to engrave them. We have two or 
three thousand dollars' worth of plates 



days, beginning July 8. It is not likely 
that any one who attends the sessions will 
hear anything that would cause him to 
suspect that penmanship is considered of 
3ny importance in our public schools. The 
N. E. A. are quite above that sort of 



" A YOUNG MAN who has just graduated 
from a business college and wishes to make 
teaching a profession " requests us to ad- 
vise him as to what he should charge for 
his services. The answei depends upon 
two things — what the young man who has 
just graduated is worth; what he can get. 



They are really educating themselves in 
the business of teaching, and they are 
bright enough to know that when they 
have acquired the ideas that come from 
experience and make a teacher really valu- 
able they will be able to get more money 
for their .services. 

The first consideration for an ambitious 
young teiichcr just starting should be to 
make an engagement if possible where good 
work would open avenues of advance- 
ment. There are not so many strictly first 
class men in the profession that the intel- 
ligent, progressive, ambitious beginner 
does not have a fair show of making 
known his worth and commanding the 
just price of it. He may be underpaid for 



o« by 



The meddlesomb young party who cast 
the apple inscribed " to the fairest," 
among a trio of fair Olympians on a 
memorable occasion, some time past, got 
plenty of excitement and no doubt con- 
siderable fun out of the incident. People 
nowadays do not particularly care to emu- 
late his example, and least of all The 
JomNAL. This may be the reason why 
conventions of people with common inter- 
ests, or more precisely speaking, people 
interested in like things, usually confine 
their deliberations to subjects that are not 
likely to provoke antagonism. 

This is not always the ca.se. It was not 
the case at the last meeting of the Business 
Educators. It may not be at the coming 
meeting. Acrimonious discussion, especi- 
ally if it involve personalities, is certainly 
to be avoided ; but sharp, brisk discussion, 
keen analysis, skillful thrust and parry, 
give zest to the proceedings and add im- 
measurably to the good of the meeting as 
well as to the fun. 

We are far from finding fault with the 
work of the B. E. A. Executive Commit- 
tee. It seems to us that they have never 
done their work more thoroughly than this 
year, and the programme they offer is a 
good one. Here, however, are some sug- 
gestions for subjects to be discussed, a lit- 
tle out of the order, perhaps, but never- 
theless possessing some elements of inter- 
est, amusement and possibly of good : 

1. The character of the advertising that 
a business school should make use of in 
circular and catalogue and through the 
press. To what extent a school is war- 
ranted iu representing itself to be dis- 
tinctly superior to all other schools, &c. 

2. The granting of diplomas ; whether 
the diploma is justly considered the pupil's 
property bought and paid for with his 
tuition and as testimony of the fact that 
he has attended the school. Or does it 
mean that he has learned anything, and if 
so, how much ? Would a school principal 
issue a diploma to any student whose 
qualifications would fail to procure him 
employment from the principal himself, 
provided he desired help iu that line. 

3. The range of names that it is advis- 
able for a school of business to employ as 
in any accurate degree indicating their 
actual functions. 

4. "Prof." Whether the title goes with 
the diploma as a sort of coupon attach- 
ment good for those who make teaching a 
business, or whether it indicates a higher 
grade of fitness for the discharge of such 
duties. If the latter, whether this superi- 
ority is determined by special tests and 
whether it would be possible for the B. 
E, A, to provide a board with powers 
to bestow the title upon satisfactory 
evidence of fitness and thus put a real 
value upon it. Finally, whether a busi- 
ness teacher considers himself honored or 
otherwise when this ritle is applied to 

These simple suggestions may serve to 
fill in the inevitable holes of the regular 
programme caused by the absence of par- 
ties who were expected to be present. We 
commend them to the committee and to 
the Educators in general. 

(Tim the fennian and Hia ZAttle Book. 

Foil THE SPECIAL BENEFIT Of thOSC 

educators of the Marble stripe (and of 
others who ought to know better) who 
follow the gift and knack idea in penman- 
ship, we produce in this number the 
effusion of "Jim the Penman," or "Pen- 
manship in Five Knacks," illustrated by 
32 lively cuts. There are others besides 
penmanship teachers, we fancy, who will 
get some fun from the satire. Any one 
has our permission to decipher the signa- 
ture and report to us. 



INI 



Eof c 



have had occasion to advise several 
people to apply to D. C. Taylor, Oakland, 
Cal., for employment. This was done 
upon a misapprehension of facts relating 
to the man. Having no accurate list of 
those to whom the advice was given we 
take this public and emphatic method of 
with(h-awiug it. 



Bro. Packard in Bronze. 

Ou the evening of Friday. Juoe ^7. a 
I.n.nze bust of Mr. 8. S. Packard was 
preseuttrd to the Packard ColleKC, of this 
c-ity, hy the alumni of that inatitution. 
The buHt was made by J. Q. A. Ward, 
the einincrit aculptor. The unveiling 
ceremonies and presentation occurred at 
the ii9sembly room of the college, which 
was crowded with the friends of Mr. 
Packard, including a number of the roost 
distinguished citizens of New York. Dr. 
(.'hauncej M. Depew was to have made the 
presentation address, but was prevented 
from 80 doing by an illness more serious 
tbHH might be inferred from his humorous 
messngi! of regret : 
ProkessorS. S. Packard: 

Ml/ Dear Professor.—l have counted it one 
of tlie pleasures and privileK^s of a lifetime to 
be present at the unveiling of the bust of your- 
self. While not an alumnus of your institu- 
tion, I wanted to show the olunmi how deeply 
yourfriends appreciate this mark of affection 
anil esteem on their part toward a man who 
has done w much for the cause of education in 
this country, but from a wholly unexpected 
and insuiTuountable obstacle I cannot be 
present. Napoleon selected bis marshals from 
the visible sign of tbelr noses, and said that 
their achievements afterwards justified their 
selection in every instance. My nasal organ 
has admirably served all the purposes for 
which it was ci-eated during my life, but I 
yielded to the solicitation of a friend the day I 
wenttoChioago to have it operated upon, to 
give me a Patti voice. The result was that 
the wound became inflamed and I had a ver)- 
seriouB attack of illness m Chicago. The 
oi>eratiun had to be repeated yesterday and 
has left me in a condition which is tempo- 
rarily, but acutely a curious combination of 
amputation and hay fevei*, under which the 
medical men absolutely prohibit my going out 
or talking. 

Nothing short of the knife and saw of the 
surgeon woidd have kept me from this cele- 
bration. 

Knowing that you will Uve in the grateful 
memory of your alumni and the friends of 
education as long as this marble endm-es, and 
trusting that the other half of your life, still 
unfinished, may l>e full of health and happi- 



Yoi 



Though the absence oftheereat orator 
was, of course, disappointing, it gave Mr. 
11. H. Bowman, chairman of the Committee 
of Arrangements, an opportunity for a burst 
of elonueuce that "our own Chauncey '• 
would not have been ashamed of. Here are 
some of the things he said : 

The ideas which have been the ruling ideas 
of Mr. Packard's life work are three. There 
81*6 others, practical ones, which necessarily 
apring from these, but these three are the pri- 

First, that the daughters and sistei's of men 
who may become the wives and mothers of 
men we not imperik-d, are not misplaced, when 
they are acquiring in the same institution, side 
by side with men in the same classes, an edu- 
cational equipment for lives of usefulness and 
independence, or when they ai-e, V>y their own 
efforts, maintaining themselves side by side 
with men ia doing the world's work. We do 
not claim for Mr. Packard that it came first to 
him, hut we do claim that he is the first promi- 
nent educator iu this city who made prac- 
tical application of that idea, and firmly fixed 
it as a part of the plan aud scope of his school 
work; and in doing it who can tell bow much 
he has done for the cause of iudeDeudence, of 
independent, self-respecting activity of women ? 
They owe him one and all a debt. 

His second idea has been that nothing was 
too good for his" boys and girls." 

And third, and lost, is bis idea of the devel- 
opment of the individual, the idea so often ex- 
pressed by him as the idea of individual in- 
sb-uction, the development of the individual 
through a study of the individual teinpera- 
mentsuud mental constltutiou, and of the spe- 
cial needs of the individual student, and of the 
best special methods to apply to cases wherein 
the best i-esults could not be bad fram the or- 
dinary and usual routuae of class work. 

Many young men have thus l>eeu awakened 
aud quickened mentally and spiritually under 
the influcuoe worked in this institution, aud 
upon leaving it have been encouraged to pur- 
sue higher courses of study, and ultimately 
have made for themselves honorable careers 
as ministers, lawyers, doctors, and have filled 
in various commercial positions of sustained 
succwss which would have been impoesible to 



them but for tbif< infiuence ubicli fi.>unil theui. 
which discovereil them tn them^jelves, which 
put them in possession of themselves. 

In a moment, when this curtain shall have 
. been withdrawn, you will see a work wrought 
with high artistic sense and skill hy a mind of 
well-nigh matchlets cunning aud power; and 
you will see that the artist has made it neither 
pretty nor beautiful, because (Jod didu't make 
the original so. He did Iwtter; he made the 
original grand. [Applause.] 

To the music of the "Star Spangled 
Banner " the bust was unveiled, and every- 
body present tried to outdo everybody 
else applauding. 

Rev. Dr. Wm. Lloyd, Geo. Wager 
Swayne, Mr. Morris S. Wise, of the 
alumni, Mr. Byron Horton, of the faculty, 
and others spoke during the evening. One 
good point made by Mr. Wise was that 
the Alumini Association had entered into 
bonds for Mr. Packard's future blameless 
life. He alluded to the time when it was 



the Alumui A^ociation announced to me its 
fell purpose, and asked me to meet this 
truthful man, this second Washington, 
who cannot tell a lie in clay and bronze. I 

I should go down to posterity with ail my 
sins of ugliness upon me. I didn't care any- 
thing about it on my own account, but I felt 
very bad for the family. {Laughter.) So I 
sent my wife to the artist, and sbe besrmght 
him in those specious arguments that a woman 
can wield so well to cover up a few of the 
wrinkles, to grade down a few of the lulls and 
level up the valleys, thus remodeling the topo 
graphy, so to speak. He said, with that grace- 
ful suavity which characterizes him, that ht 
would do anything to please a lady, but here 
he was quite helpless. His work was before 

pathized with her deeply. [Laughtei ] He 
could see her point without a microscope, but 
if she reallv wanted a pretty bust, she must 
either get some other man to sit foi it or some 
other artist to do it. But after all, I have a 
sinoera interest in that bust, and feel called 




The Packard Bust. 



seriously proposed to erect a monumeDt to 
Tweed, and showed the risk of discount- 
ing a man's unfinished career. In the 
c«se of Mr. Packard, he said, " the boys " 
were perfectly willing to take the chances. 
Of course the big audience insisted on hear- 
ing Irom Mr. Packard, and he never spoke 
more felicitously iu his life. This is what 
he said : 

This is the first time I have ever heard of a 
corpse talkuig at its own fuueraL Now, what 
do you expect the corpse to say i I can say this : 
that the persons who made this programme 
left me out on purpose. What that purpose 
may be 1 do not know, and shall not inquire. 
It is generally understood to be the correct 
thing not to ordera man's bust until heisdead, 
or in a fair woy to be. Now it seems to me 
the Alumni Association have either not un- 
derstood this or else they have made a mis- 
calculation- At all events, 1 am not dead. 
OS you see ; and, more than this, I have 
made a solemn pledge not to die until Mr. 
Depew is elected President. [Applause.] 

I am glad the bust is uncovered at last, and 
that you know the worst of it. I was exceed- 
ingly gratified that so few of you left the room. 
[Laughter.] While the mattir was m sus- 
pense, I was very nervous, not that I feared 
your verdict as to the fidelity of the nrti&t, but 
that I doubted whether you could stand two 
of us at the some time, [Laughter.] When 



Upon to stand uo for it against all comers. Li 
fact, as the artist knows, 1 have stood up for 
it, from the beginning. I have seen it grow, 
inch by inch, fiom the smallest pinch of clay 
to its present fair proportions : and I have en- 
couraged the artist as best I could. I have as- 
sured him that when his Indian Hunter, and 
Shakespeare, aud Washington, and Garfield, 
and Thomas, and Greeley, and Beecher are 
forgotten, be can go on this bust and stdl live. 
But I have not been deceived by this demon- 
stratiou, nor by the kindly references that have 



that I applaudo<l those ijersonal allusions ; and 
it was simply that I have been so much in the 
habit of heoi-ing the word "Packard" used, 
not to indicate an individual but an instiui- 
tion, an idea in which 1 am mterested. it has 
come to represent something which 



to-night, have r 
out of this 1 
impressed v 



bust, [Applause.] 



P. A. Hromatko, writing from Cedar Rapids, 
.,™o .,^...-,«^™. tijg opinion that "writing 
rolling off a log; 
Aye, verily l 



Tale of a Business Educator. 

ifMiHH/o. TbeJ()IRNAL/-j/^1. C. Wybb.} 




Voun; Prof. liiJJi rMUers i„s Maiden Ad- 
dress at the Business Educatorx'' Conven- 
tion. It is a great, effort and he looks for- 
ward with some impatience to the official 
proceedings containing it. 




Seen sa triflrslov b t- 




To L. A. K. 

You write like an intelligent person, but 
an intelligent person ought to know that 
no paper would reflect on u man's char- 
acter on the strength of a complaint by an 
anonymous correspondent. If the man 
you speak of has been swindling people 
he ought to be exposed, but how do we 
know that the charge you bring is true 'i 
If you are ashamed or afraid to put your 
name to it, do you think we could afford 
to father such a charge on such evidence 'i 
Other anonymous correspondents may 
read this to advantage. 



days I oleoi-ed »3Ul.l». u suiliciei 




SCHOOL AND PERSONiL. 



)MMENCEMENTS 
have been plenti- 
fuJ lately, with 
the iimial amouut 
ot bright flowers, 
regretful valedic- 
tories, fluttering 
ribbons, parting 
tears and smiling 
promises of re- 
union. A little 
army of young 

lias been added to the ranlta of the breodwin- 
nerd— soldiers in the battle of life— and may 
they all be successful ! For the schools of 
business (including writing and shorthand) the 
yt-ar has been a good one and the outlook is 
luoregratiryiug than ever. 

— E, C, Thomr)son, superintendent of ^vi-if 
ing, Saginaw, Mich., is an enthusiastic teacher 
who labors to impart his spirit to about four 
score fiubordmates. His order of exei-cises, the 
" Penmanship Day," is intersjjersed with many 
blight little bits that make it quite interesting. 
—The Prickett College of Commerce, Phila- 
delphia, has a wry spacious home in the mag- 
nificent L4irard Buildiug, comer Broad and 
Chestnut streets. The college is in its thirty- 
third year, and more prosperous than ever. 

— B. A. Pryor, Chestnut, Va., is an enthusi- 
astic young penman and master of a very de- 
sirable style 

—President F. P. Preuitt is justly proud of 
bis pair of flourishing schools of busings; one 
at Fort Worth, the other Dallas, Texas. 

—The sixth annual session of the San Mar- 
co* , Texas. , Chautauqua Assembly opened on 
Juno L'6. and will last a month. Principal M. C. 
McGee, of the Prairie City Bus, Coll., Kyle, 
Texas, . has charge of the school of business. . 
The i>eumanship instructor is G. R, StouEfer— a 
good one. 

— P. B. (jibson, a skillful writer, goes fi-ojn 
Stuart, Va., to taEe charge of the penmanship 
.lepartment of the High School, Littleton. 
N. C. His new work begins August 25. 

—The Metroplitan Bus. Coll., Chicago, 
moved into its niai^oititent new home on June 
7. The building was thrown open for inspec- 
tion and a thiong of admiring visitors was on 
hand. A pictm-e of this new building was re- 
cently printed in The Journal. 

—Joseph Stotler and Wilbur M. Hayes are 
the suceessoi-s of E. L. McDravy in the pro- 
prietorship of the Lawrence. Kan., Bus- Coll. 
They have a large school, with a well equipped 
shorthand department. Graham's system is 
taught. 

—Chaste and elegant is the announcement of 
the -iOth annual commencement of the Notre 
Dame, lud., Univereity. 

—A. E, Parsons has been reelected superin- 
tendent of writing in the public schools of 
CresLon, Iowa. He is a fine penman and an en- 
thusiastic teacher. 

— Mi-s. H. C. Clark, wife of the president of 
the Erie, Pa., Bus. Coll., gave her husband a 
sm-priae party on the occasion of his birthday a 
short time since. Tbe meaibers of the faculty 
and others participated. On bahalf of the 
gue:ft^Ur. Clark wai presented with a hand- 
souR' silver cigar casi?, ihe presentation uouors 
f.illmg to Proies^oi- Drake, 
a very pleasant one. 
-The commencei 
City Bus. College were held on June 14. dJi- 
plomas were awarded to about 40 graduates. 
Addiesses were made by Hev. J. E. Price, 
Ph.D.. and F. McUee. A large crowd was 
piTsent and Principal Drake was the recipient 
of hwu'ty congratulations. 

—The Helena, Mont., Independent is un- 
sliutod in its commendation of the Helena Bus. 
Coil. H. T. Eugeiborn is in charge, assisted 
by 8. H. BaumauQ, with W. E. WaJnei- at the 
head ot the shorthand departmeut. He uses 
the I'erniu system. The school is prospering 

-Principal K. C. A. Becker, of Uecker's 
Bus. College, Worcesier, Mass, recently re- 
tmucd from a Western vacotiou. His puuUs 
nud teachers surprised him with an informal 
rewption. and presented him with a hauJsome 
antique oak patent rocker. The gift was 
gracefully presented by M. C. Whitney. 

-The Smithdeal Bus. College, Richmond, 
Vh, , is moving up. Recently the Old Dominion 
BiLs. College, establi.-hed -^i years ago, wa» 
bought and united with the Smithdeal. 'moib 
iX'Lently a shorthand college was bought and 
uuitwi. The attendance is larger than ever 
I'.-fore, and the principal informs us that there 
have been three times as many applicitious 
lor steuogi-aphy as could be supplied. 

-Small danger of the profession dying out- 
Tat JoL-RNAL has pleasure m announcing 
two promising pairs. Mr. S. K. Bmdin and 
Miss Lottie M. Rankin were married at the 
bride's home at Belleville. Ont on June 23 



Principal E. E. Child-, of Chil.ls' Bus. College, 
Holyoke, Mass.. and Miss Eva M. Oliver, of 
the same city, were united in wedlock at the 
residence of the bride's parent* on June 3. We 
offer congratulalioiii*, 

— Messrs. Wmans and Johnson hive dis- 
posed of their iutjre-it in the Freeport, HI., 
College of Commerce, and now confine their 
attention to the Rockford Business College. 
J. J. Naglf. M.E.. is principal of the Free- 
port school, and Nagle and Matter, both good 

— E. C. Hamilton, the successful principal 
of the Maple Rapids, Mich., public schools, 
will transfer his services in the same capacity 
to the Ashley, Mich., schools, beginning with 
the new school year, 

—Principal G. A. Transue, of the Pottsville, 
Pa., Business College, will soon move into 
spacious quarters, which are being prepared to 
meet the demands of bis growing school. Mi". 
Transue recently suffered a bereavement in 
the death of his infant son. 

-Twenty-one Spencerians from the Cleve- 
land College, marshalled by Capt. F. L. Dyke, 
came into The Joitrnal c«mp this month. 
It Is a poor month when Broblier Bacht«n- 
kircher, of the Princeton, Ind., Normal Uni- 
versity, doesn't send in a dozen or two, and 
the past month has been no exception. It is 



the iiutvd Philadelphia eilitor, midresse<l the 
graduates. 

— Fi-om the Twin Curtiss Com. Colleges, 
St Paul and Minneapolis, we have a hand- 
some prospectus, which makes up in "meat" 
what is lacUng in '■ gingerbread." 

—Editor Arthur G. Matter. Freeport, 111., 
College of Commerce, favors us with a copy of 
the Normal Journal, the new exponent of 
that school. 

—We have received a copy of the Arkansaw 
Traveler with a full page frontispiece portrait 
of H. B. Bryant, piesident of Bryant's Bus. 
Coll. , Chicago. A lai^e space is devoted to a 
sketch of Mr. Bryant and the big school which 
he directs, 

—Since ournotice in The Journal that a 
business college was wanted in Ogden, Utah, 
some one seems to have risen to the emergency. 
We see such an institution advertised, but the 
name of the projector is not given. This is a 
poor way to advertise anything, and above all 
a business college, as it is likely to give the 
public an impression unfavorable to the sta- 
bility of the enterprise. 

—The Little Rock, Ark, Com. CoU.. is 
highly praised by the press of that city. 

—The Journal desires to make its ac- 
knowledgments to the subjoined, besides those 
elsewhere mentioned, for substantial clubs re- 



the head of the ne 
one of the I 



The Yachting Season. 




wholly original, made by the uudersij,ri il \i he 
fifteen years old. This is my fir^tyeai iiLstiii 
tion and I am much pleased with li Fi ' 
MAN'S Art JOCRNAL. both in readint an 1 illu 
tration ; and am also glad to see ^ ou __ 

trying to encourage the younger ele ~^^^ ^ 
ment, andlhopetobeabletocon rrf~ ^ 

tribute to your interesting paper -y. . ^ 
a great many 

Yours respectfully - -^sS^ ''■^^^^^ 

D. Raymond Dalt -^2^*- 



reported that Mi'. B. has a good thing in 
sight, and we don't doubt it. 

— Tho^e pu!?hing young men, Kinsley and 
Stephens, Shenandoah, Iowa, keep us busy 
talking about them . We didn't expect to say 
anything this month, but how is a paper to 
help it when they keep sending things that are 
so well worth talking about ? This time it is a 
sample book of their writing papers, and we 
would hardly be doing the fair thing by our 
business college patrons if we didn't advise 
them to write for a copy. Te who have 
printing to be done and stationery to buy. 
take our advice and let this Arm figure on it. 
—The Journal recently had the pleasure 
of a call from J, G. Bohmer, the genial and 
accomplished penman of Jone.s' Business Col- 
lege, St. Louis. He reports brisk times in the 
Mound City, Jones' College, according to its 
advertising card, was founded in the year 
1841 by Prof, Jonathan Jones. The pix'sent 
year, therefore, is its golden jubilee year. By 
the way, which is really the oldest business 
college i The claim has been advanced in 
favor of at least half a dozen schools, among 
them Bortlett's, of Ciuclnnati; the Spencer- 
ian, Cleveland, and Comer's, Boston, 

— We record with pleasure the fact that the 
colored Y. M. C, A., of Richmond, V*a., have 
progressed to the point of issuing a well edited 
journal, it is called Young Men's Friend. 

—The junior class of the Western Reserve 
Normal College, Wadsworth, Ohio, publishes a 
paper in which the advantages of that school 
are generously set forth. 

— OnJuuelSGoldey'sCom. Coll., Wilming- 
ton, Del., held its annual commencement. 
From a handsome («rd of announcement we 
learn that ex-Secretary of State Bayard pre- 
sided on that occasion, and Col. A. R.. McCIure, 



ofiived dm*ing the past month. This is the dull 
season for subscriptions, and that fact makes 
us appreciate all the more the efforts of those 
friends whoso acts tell the story of their good 
wishes: J. A. WiUis, Little Rock (Ark.) Com. 
Coll.; S. R. Webster, Moore's Bus. Uni., 
Atlanta; C. E. Chase. Indiana (Pa.) Noi-mal 
Coll.; G. M. Smithdeal, Sraithdeal's Bus. Coll., 
Richmond, Va. 

—The prospectus of Shaw's Bus. Coll. , Port- 
land. Maine, very creditably represents a first- 
class school. The Journal makes its acknowl- 
edgments for courtesies. 

—The long list of graduates from Preuett's 
Fort Worth, Texas, Bus. Coll., on June 20. 
speakes eloquently for the prosperity of that 
institution. A handsome invitation was 
issued, 

— E. L. WUey, for the post year with the 
Capital Bus. CoU,, Salem, Ore., and his 
brother, J. A. Wiley, a teacher of twelve 
yeai-s' standing, have purchased the Mountain 
City Bus. Coll., Chattanooga, Temi., and ex- 
pect to make u great school of it. J. W. 
Agey. one of the former proprietoi's, will re- 
main in the faculty. This combination ought 
to succeed. 

—J. E, Gustus, for the past year at Pack- 
ard's, formerly at Lindsborg, Kan., has 
accepted the principalship of the Augustaoa 
Bus. uofl., Rock Island, III., and sees a great 
future for the school. 

—One of the best known men in the pro- 
fession is geniol, accomplished J. B. Duryea, 
for a long time connected with the Iowa Bus.' 
Coll., Des Moines, He has accepted the 
principalship of the Commercial and Penman- 
ship Departments of the Highland Park Nor- 
mal CoUege, anew school at the same point, 
which wiU open September 3. Q. H 



pectus it will be 
schools anywhere, 

c%'Sr'^i,^s::.";':,r:;;r";':';:^;^- 

penmanshippair iiir i , i, , t'],„t are 

gtwd enough t.i i^ I: I in anv 

company-E. K, liuin , ,,„, ,, , Wiiii^ 
—J. H. Bacht«-iikir(lier leavL^ the Prince- 
ton, Ind., Normal School t« accept the princi- 
palship of the Union Bus. Coll., La Fayette 
Ind. He has plenty of talent and industry 
aud willsucceed. C. M. Robinson, for many 
years principal of this school, transfers his 
superintendence r ■ ~ ■ - 
Toledo, Ohio. 



' Tri-State Bus. Coll., 



THE EDITOR'S SCRAPBOOK. 




:>PYI> 






quit 



No 



student > 

without copy ing designs by master 
no more than he can expect to 
succeed in the best sense without 
exhibiting creative talent; in 
other words, without originality. 
J. H. Westcott,Morrisville, N.Y., 
sends the Serapbook some 
initials that are particu- 
larly well done for a be- 
ginner and show a com- 
mendable degree of originality. One of hia 
fii-st attempts begins this paragraph, and we 
may present others later. Mr. Westcott is a 
hardworking farmer, with little lei.'nire for 
iwnwork. To D. R. Daly, a New York City 
la<I, we pay our respects elsewhere. 

—A. M. Wright, of the Albion, III, Normal 

Sthool sends a page of movement exercises of 

optional merit and a spider-web flourish 

good. We have a number of 

; of flourishes, however. One 



Crandles pupil. Bert Mason, Dixon, III, sub- 
mits a brace of gi-aceful ones, and other 
creditable specimens are from F. Broghammer 
Everly Iowa, and I. M. Allen, Portland, Ore.' 

— Smee the above note was made we have 
received three flourishes, all first-class, from 
J B Duryea, Des Moines (with handsome 
caids) F. B. Courtnev, Worcester, Mass., 
and C N Faulk, Sioux City, la., respectively. 
Excellent assorted pen specimens for an ama- 
from S. D. Holt, Feeding Hills, Mass. 
-•iiKLiuiucs in flnished professional style ai"e 
from J A. Wifliss, Little Rock, Ark. 

— F R Weir. Lacon, III., sends us a fancy 
di awing of a leaf ; Dakin, the old stand-by, 
hand with delicately written cards. K. E 



hic h we pay our respects elsewhere. 

— R L Dickensheets, Boulder, Col., handles 



the age of s 

ifetime at it. 

have been received from hin; 



with fancy 



k of indifferent value. 

—Our space is limited this month and we are 

' ' 1 to notice as freely as they deserve 

aeritorious script specimens and well 

itten letters receivefl. We must give a line 

to F M Howell, student of Spencer & Me- 

f ullough Hamdton, Ont., Bus. Coll., for a 

beautiful letter, and another to T. M. Williams, 

Pittsburgh. Letters 



of the Actual Bu: 
from the foUo' _„ 
George Cox, Otta' 



n special mention: 

. DI.; J. Alfred Scott, 

B. J. Ferguson, Concord Church, 



Pupilaf Work. 

—During the past month we have i-eceived 
: g Qf pupils' w.nk from a number of 



rising generation 

advance of the re 

— W. H. Carr 



hat his pupils 
the greatest improvement was won by Fred. 
B Cobb. The writing of nearly every speci- 
men is good enough to entitle its executor to 
special mention if our .space wouhl permit 
Here are a half dozen n1 Wy.-m -. Mmnic McGet- 



Wiley.of An 



Salem, 
school 
pupils, 



).,. ip.-.IE. L. 
vlius,, (.'oil. 



'Hiikuhrand, 



tl. W. Holmnn. 0-.si 

Chadwick, O. R. Myei-s and A U. Kiebs. 

— No writing better adapted for ^ve\y day 
business comes into this olHcethan that in the 
lettei-s from J. F. Fish, of the Ohio Bus. Uni- 
versity. Cleveland. Even, smoolh, well-joined 
and sbadeless. it is "built for business" 
throughout, Mr. Fish's pupils recently submit- 
ted some of their work. No better specimens 
have been received. There isn't one business 
man in twenty who can equal the work of the 



(Jim ffc« Ptnman—Condnutd from Page 9'J.) 
KNACK THB FIFTH.— THE SWINC. 




The Fiftb and last Knack ie performed with the arm a kimbo^ and is as fascinating ascrack- 
ing a whip, stirring a purMing or molasses candy, and is only equalled by the effort to manage 
o!d-fasbione4l fire-tongs by taking hold of one leg ; or a : 

Ikarn-flail in the hands of a greenbom. 

But patience, perseverance, " careful pi-actice and 
not too much work," will some day enable you to acquire 
the useful but Five Jointed Knack of Penmanship, if to 
the foregoing Gymnastics you add the 52 different char- 
acU-re and their 1,391, 734, 28S,887,352,«W,426, 128,493.402.- 
'JOO alphabetical combinations, as demonstrated by cal- 
culation of M. Prestet, the French geometrician. 

Yet this art Is but " a mere knack without any edu- 
cational Bigntficance" save "presumption of brains," 
pen. ink, and paper, "careful practice and not too 
much work," 





ASSlimPTION OF BKAINS. 

' Gimme a pen !" the tyro cried. 
With tragic gesture, pale, wild-eyed ; 

' Gimme a pen and you shall see 

Old Daddy Spencer downed by nie." 

Gimme a pen ! this rolling sphere 

Shall silent stand, and wait to heai- 

The mighty thought that seeketh birth, 

And swells almoroially my girth. 



Gimme a peu. and quick, some ink I 
With which to trace this wondrous think : 
This grand original idee. 
Which somehow has got into me, 

Gimme a pen ! 
Gimme me a x>en, some ink and paper ! 
This inspiration soon may taper, 
My name emblazoned high shall be, 
waitetb me — 



V 




following: Frank Mailing. Thomas Gilroy. 



■ ■aac Plltunu on tlilM Side of the 

Isaac Pitumu & SonB, the world-famed 
shorthand firm, have c'stnliiisbwl a branch at 

No. «EnstrcHirt,-.-nf!i -tT,-,-t, X- vv Y.>ik,aiid 



will (lovotf 
of the Aiiuii 
well known. 

but thi.ugb t 



s ph.>- 



' I I ' i iiiiisi>me volume 
'li>le of Gold- 
' li. The Vicar of 

i 111? {>iil)))shers prom- 
edition of the Bible complete. It is twenty 
years since this was last published. 



of L'W jwiK'-. 
Wakotleld. il 



POSITIONS \r ANTED. 



I DING American 



make a change: pooil ili^<-i|<lmHrimi - hi-^t nf 
references. Aililresa "HKVhV" .-nc I'nv 

JOITRNAl.. 

|_,ENltlAN an.i CQm.n.Tii:ii I . ,„ |„-, ,,| i;,,^.,, 

open foienenRciiunt with n h piH;iMi' liii-iuLsi 
or literary college or publif sihools. pit-feiably 



p... 



FOU A Bi;SINI-SS 

ecure a llret-clnss teacher 
\ thorough knowledge of 



TEACHERS 



WANTBD.-Ou 
legee. lo<«tci 
Vork Cfty. desires t 
experienced and sm 
one capable of tiik 
keeplng departnun 



eoftheleadtnirBut>l 



ried or sinfrle, 



Thk .Iuohkal. 



TKACHEROF EXPUHIENCB,*' 



WANTED.— A thorough business educator 
to tiike chiirKC of n Uusmess College nt 
Bay City. Mich,; must be a first-class penman, 
a good teai'hcT of arithmetic and book-keeping : 
$m per unniim lor the nitht man: uone but 
men of experience need apply. Address F. H, 
ULI SS. _ Saginaw. Mich- 

WANTE».-In a leading collegian assist- 
ant teacher of business penmanship, 
arithmetic and book-keeping; young man, un- 
rjualifir " --- *- 



pected, 

inatlon. 

splendid opportun 

Address T- E. ACHEH. 



addition to above named branches, salary e; 
pected. relerence, experience, religious denon 
[nation, and send photo, (will be returned); 
™i — ^(j »..,,.»»•..».».. #«,. .. <r'>une rann wt 
•filing to leur 



a*t Sit\i\ The proprietor of one of the 
tpioW. large business collegfti d^ii-os 
the serrices of a commercial teacher fullycom- 
petent to tafte the prtnclpalship of the book- 
keeping department. To the right party a 
salary of JlSxi ^v^ll be paid . Address giving full 
particulars. "POSITIUN OP IMPOttTANCK." 



1EBWANTED--A teacher of book 



i College; iipplicants should 



a take charge 

lent in a Uueii . „ , . 

ot lM> under 95 years; have had s 

nHbe uaid to the right party. Ad- 



dress ■' BUSINESS PRACTICE." 



FOR SALE. 



>VSINESS COLLEGE FOR 



BUSINI__ 
CHEAP.— A Uusi 
hand School, s 



college in flrst^ctoss condition and ^oud u 
auce ; the reason la the proprietor is '"♦'■ 
in other business. Address " B. C.,' 



proprietor is intei-esteil 



roB SALE.— An old established Busini 



all the facilities, k 
accommodate 100 t 



I bargain for the 



■'REPUTATION.' 



■cial college, located in one 
i of the West ; purchaser 



npetent teacher of i 
^ _od opportunity for - 

. D. C.."TBK JODRNA 



branches; a good opportunity f 



F'OR SALE.— A prosperous, well -equipped 
Business ColleKe and Normal Training 
School of established reputation, located at the 
capital of a great Northwestern State ; it has 



miles around ; 



japital to iDvestfgtttrt this unequaled op- 

portunityj ill health compels sale. Address 



A IMew W^orlt on Book:- 
1-ceeping- 

THE THEORY OF ACCOUNTS. 

JiiNl out or PrcMH July 3, 180O. 

Written by Prof. S. H. Gdodtear, expressly 
for use in Business Colleges and Commercial 
Schools. Send postal card for terms of order- 



GOODYEAR PUBLISHING CO., 

Cedar Rapids. - - IOWA. 

"PTJ PP ' ^^^'^ f^'i^ ^^y^ ™"'<' ^ ^'" 

*■ A».;i_iJ_i • s(,n(] sumpio copy of my 
Family Record for 7c- stamps. 

to me promptly Bud luHoodeouilitloui-nc-hl line. Ptof. 
Carver ha" dealt honestly uml tnlrly with iti(> In nil 

Addi-ess H. C. CARVEK. 
(J.fl. Box 1C44. Red Oak, lown. 

OHLiailE HOLDERS -Patented, im- 
proved styles, best in size and shape, most 
durable, every one perfect. Introduction 
I'rirfH: 12c. each or 60c., doz., postpaid. J, D, 
HOLOOMB & CO.. Sole Mfrs.. Case Block. Cleve- 

J. F. B-srrLisrE 

C-tf WlLt, WRITB YOIT 

Beautiful Ixjtter for STw. 

Or a package of huely executed Caids for...SfiL'. 

Or an Harmonious Flourish for .25c. 

Or a gi'aded course in Writing with instruc- 
tions for 50c. 

Address 25 VIckroy St , PIltHbureh, Pa. 

Automatic Lessons 

BY MAIL. 

laLessons J2..W 

Alphabets, each iTi 

AInkPowdes 85 

IS Ink Powders, assorted. W 

Circulars free. Address 

C. E. Jones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 

Modern Jtuaintna Collfyv. 11-13 



nil vor TEAt I 

CARHART'S 
CLASS BOOK OF \ 
COMMERCIAL '. 
LAW. I 



Goldman's Advanced System for 
Locating- Errors 



Book-keeplne£< no 
Ihe LedKor, and n< 

Addi-ess for partln 



DAY BOOK TRANSACTIONS 

FOR JOURNALIZING. 

Not nrrauged iu sets, and covers tbe 
entire subject of book-kcepiug. 

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"THE ACCOUNTANT." 

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110 



Some books are so well written and prove so valuable to their 
owners that thieves steal their contents, and by misarrangement 
of them, make books which they tr)' to palm off as superior to 
the originals. 

Graham's Hand-Book of Standard Phonography 

has been pirated from, to a greater extent, probably, than any 
book ever published in the United States. 

Kccause it is the best text-book on the subject ever published, as 
is proved by the fact that it rendered obsolete all phonographic 
books preceding it, all of which are now out of print, and by the 
fact that the best portions of all phonographic books published 
since have been stolen from it. 

What evidence is there that it is a standard work ? 

It has been published 31 years without change because none 
has been found necessary. 

It has l)een used for years in many of the best institutions of 
the country, and the system it teaches is used by the best report 
ers in the world. 

These are facts which can be prayed. 

Send for a free copy of All About Phonography, the 
largest and handsomest shorthand circular ever published. 

ANDREW J. GRAHAM, 

Author and Publisher, - 744 Broadway, New York. 




THE CALIGRAPH 

Is the best Type Writer. 

It is easier to lejirn aud to o])erate, does lietter 
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Shorthand taught by mail and personally. 

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nhorthand ; 



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' ConpLliTK SHORTHAND 
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The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
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The results obtained by this work are uncqualed in the history 
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The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will he sent 
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NEW EDITION JUST COINC TO PRESS, THIRD WITHIN NINE 
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In the very front rank of the com- 
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«na J. M, Mlhan, Proprietor. 

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The Old Favorites Still in the L ead . 

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Address 

SADLER POBLISHING COMPANY, 

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PREMIUMS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS. 

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one new subscription and 35 cents additional — $1.35, In case of renewal. $1.50. 

Cooper's Famous Leather- Stock! ng^ Tales in five volumes of about 500 
pages each (size 5 x 7J) for one new subscription and 15 cents extra — $1.1&. In case 
of renewal, $1.35, 

*The regular premiums referred to above, choice of which wc give with every subscription 
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Flourished Stag (24 x 32) ; Centennial Picture of Progress (24 X 28) ; Grant Memorial (22 x 
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cate (iS X 22) ; Family Record (18 x 22). These are beautiful and elaborate lithographs from 
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Fii,Mc![ lt<i k ( utalot;u(8 maded free to book 
C N. CA»PEU, 

JUST P V B I. I 8 n E l>. 

"AMERICAN COLLEGE MANUAL" 



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AComplete Series of Comfflercial Text Books 



First Lessons in Bookkeeping, 
Introductive Bookkeeping, 
Bookkeeping, _ _ _ _ _ - 

Complete Bookkeeping, - - - „ 

Commercial Arithmetic, - - - - 
Commercial Law, - _ - _ - 

Practical Grammar and Correspondence, 
Civil Government, _ _ „ _ 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling, 



1.25 
2.00 
2.50 
2.00 
2.00 

.75 
1.50 

.30 



"(Jboomcrfcia 



Sample copicB of any of the books will be mailed, postpaid, to teacben 
with a view to introduction at one-half the above prices. 



It is doeircd tliat all wlio are interested in teaching the subject of 
bookkeeping sliall know that the Williams & Rogers Bookkeeping 
feries has nndergone a complete revision during the past twit years. It is 
believed that the new matter will he found so practical, so cl 'arly ex- 
plained, 60 completely illustrated and so fully .abreait of the times, that 
teachers will be delighted with it. The initiatory portion of the book 
was used last year by a few leading schools, and the work proved in the 
highest degree satisfactory. It is confidently believed that the advanced 
portion will more than confirm tlie favorable impression produced 
by the first part. 

It has been determined to issue tlie old edition also for the coming 
year, in the same form as heretofore, for the acomraodation of those who 
may for any reason desire to continue its use. 

A valuable addition has been made to the Civil Government in 
the form of a imique table, showing the difference in the Governmental 
arrangements in the various States, which adapts the book most perfectly 
to the requirements of schools in all parts of the country. 

The Practical Grammar and Correspondence has also re- 



ceived some itnproving touclies, which it is believed will be ap 



The Commercial Law is now in use in a large majority of schools 
in which the subject is taught, and recent correspondence indicates that 
its introduction will be considerably increased at the opening of the next 
school season. 

The Commercial Aritiimetic is making new friends every mouth 
It has been pronounced over and over " the best book on the subject 
in print." 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling is a great seller because everybody 
wants it. It is particularly adapted to the higher grades of all schools, 
public and private. 

Specimen pages of the books, and also our Catalogue for 1890 and '91 
containing full particulars regarding our publications, together with in- 
troduction, wholesale and retail prices of the text-books and testimonials 
regarding them, as well as prices of the commercial supplies which we 
have in stock, will be mailed to the address of any teacher or school 
officer upon applicatiou. — , u. _ __ 



WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y. 



I^-F ATK-ICK'S COFIES. 

An extensive series of rtmanUy written rjipie.^, fresh Irom the jien, on heavy, nnrnled paper, 

oompendlum size. I^ere tielng fifteen sheets paciietl in tt sul>stantinl case and sent for f "ii ..,."1 
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Important to Writers, Business Teachers, and those 
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There will be issued from Ihe Priming Press one of the grandest works ever produced on 

SELF-INSTRUCTION 

IN PRACTICAL BUSINESS QUALIFICATIONS 

ON OR ABOUT THE 20th JULY. 

You are not asked to buy unless you are satisfied that the book is worth ten times 
the price, ®t2.50. Improve yourself and gain pointers. Secure this work. Send 

»2.50. 

Wc prefer doubt to half confidence, and feel justified in making the following 
unprecedented offer: On receipt of the book, if not entirely satisfied, return to us 
within icn days and back goes your money, less the trifling transit expense. Can- 
didly, now ! is it possible to offer fairer — to show our earnestness in the work more 
than pleasing you. In other words, it costs simply the transit expense to see, pxam- 
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Happy, Happy be we Business Teachers 7-12 

When Practical "Self-Instruction" reach us. 

CHARLES S. MACNAIR PUBLISHING CO., Detroit, Mich. 




NCRAVlNC, ELECTROTYPINCar^d 

PRINTING. These three arts cover our 

wanting cuts or prJotiii); can save 

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Roitroductions of signatures. 
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Correapondence cordially Invited. Send 



PEERLESS-AMES' BEST PEN-luxurious 



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IDQE. January 2.5. 1889. 
e edltoriaT work boa been admirably done 



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AMERICAN 



xcellent Judgment, 



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LITERATURE 



CHAS. L. WEBSTER A CO., Publishers, 3 East 14th St., N. Y. 



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PENMAN'S GAZETTE. 



Entered at the Post Office of New Vork, 
N. Y , as Second-Class Ma.l Matter 
Copyright, 1890, by D.T. AMES. 



NEW YOIiK, SEPTEMBER, IS 



VciL. XIV.-No. 9 




WAS II happy stroke 
t took the Business Edu- 
ors to Chautauqua this 
for their twelfth 
nnnual meeting. There 
was found precisely the 
ideal environment for such 
a convention — morally, 
physically, The intellec- 
tual fitmosphere of the 
phice, exhaled from centers 
of inspiration that run the 
gamut from the decoration 
to introspective study of San- 
crisp and bracing as the breezes 
lungs -with the freshness of 



beautiful Lake Chautauqua. 




Chautauqua. 



picturesque buildings (some of which wu 
are able to show), cottages, halls of phil- 
osophy, conservatories of music. teinpU's 
of worship and culture — all surrounded by 
a wall that on Sunday is impassable from 
within or without. Throngs of people 
there are who have come from everywhere 
to learn something — earnest, ambitious 
men and women, or, rather, boys and 
girls, for tbey are all boys and girls at 
Chautauqua. 

Especially girls. You probably never 
before saw so many of them together or 
doing so many kinds of things. You are 




Such a charming sttctch of water, 
flecked with little pleasure craft, flashing 
back the green of its setting, and suggest- 
ing possibilities of piscatorial narrative 
that make the heart of the angler leap 
within him. Such splendid trees to lie 
under and watch the bicyclists thread their 
way along the sinuous patlis, catch the 
shimmer of bright color from the tennis 
courts, or drift away to sleep and dream 




Palestine Park. 



that you have fallen between the leaves of 
the fairy bonks you used to love, and the 
essence of you has somehow got mixed up 
with the pictures. 
Spriuki,<^ about tlie delightful grovt? are 



hilf hour Tiill le spent 
I =0Ciety of Homtr and Epictetus or 
lulhommg the mystery of theiutirnal 
organ bm of pan cakes She may be out for 
a boat ride on the lake or lor a cruise with 
Professor Harper on the Dead Sea. And 
it is just this variety and multiplicity of 
delightful pursuits that give to Chautauqua 
its special charm and glory. 

Members I'reav 

Secretary McCord's official list shows 
that besides a number who sent their re- 
grets with their dues, these membei 
present and took part in the proceedings 

C. S. Biluian, Dayton, O. 

Jacksonville. lil. 

Miss Marion Brown, Detroit. 

C. L. Bryant. Buffalo. 

J. R. Cavnell, Albany. 

W. G. CbolTee, Oswego, N. Y. 

C. E. Chase, Indiana, Pa, 

H. B. Chicken, Springfield, 111. 

S. N. Christie. Poughlieepsie. N. Y. 



a, M. Evans, London, Out. 
E. R. Felton, Cleveland. O. 
J. M. Prasher. Wlieeling. W. Va. 
R. E. Gallagber, Hamilton, Ont. 
L. A. CJray, Portland. Me. 
P. Hammel. Akron, 0. 

E. L. Hall, Mansfield, O. 
Miiis Anna Halse, Akron, O. 

T. W. Hannura. Hartford, C.»nn. 

A. H. Hinmau, Worcester, Mass. 

Byron Horton, New York. 

E P. Irving, Decatui-, 111. 

Miss Mary D. Lecky, Allegheny, Pa. 

H. T. Loomis. Cleveland, 0. 

Miss Agness B. Martin, Des Moines, la. 

C. H. McCargar, Ottawa, Ont. 

W. E. McCord, New York. 

J. M. Mehaa, Des Moines, la. 

Charles M. Miller. New York. 

A. S. Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. 

Mrs. A. S. Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. 

S. S. Packard, New York. 

Mrs, S. S. Packard. New York. 

C. Perrin, ButTalo. 

W. C. Rarasdell, Wilmington, Del. 

A. W. Randall, New York. 

A. J. Rider. Ti-enton. N. J. 

Q. A. Rohrbough, Omaha, Neb. 

H. M. Row, Pittsburgh. 

W. H. Sadler, Baltimore. 

Mrs. W. H Sadler, Baltimore. 

Byron Smith, Hamilton, Ont. 

G. W. Bnavely, Urbana, 0, 

Enos Spencer, Louisville, Ky. 

H, C. Spencer, Washington. 

Mrs. Sara A, Spencer, Washington. 

F. A. St^dnian, Hartford, Conn. 
Miss Mary H. Stevinson. . 

I. O. Slrunk. New Albany. Ind. 

J. M. Wade. Wilmington, Del. 

W. R. Will. Baltimore, 

J, ClorkWillianis, Pittsburgh. 

L. L. WUliams, Rochester, N. Y. 

Mrs. L, L. Williams, Rochester. N. Y. 

S. C, Williams, Rochester, N. Y. 

A. D. Wilt, Dayton, O. 

E. J. Wright, Louisville, Ky. 





vention he 



President Felton be- 
gan business with hia 
gavel on the afternoon 
of Wednesday, July 
23, and forthwith pre- 
sented Mr. George E. 
Vince t, of the Chau- 
tauqua Association 

Mr. Vincent's 

dress of welcome on j^ \ 
behalf of the Chautau- 
qua people was exceed- 
ingly hearty. In ^^^ 
speaking of the aims 
of his association and 
of that represented by the 
said : 

Our object is to induce people to use tbeir 
spare time for reading and study and for per- 
sonal culture, and we believe that people can 
get more out of life, can live a better life by so 
doing. Your object is, as I understand it, to 
drill people to be more effective in the work of 
life— for those things which we all have to do. 
It is the '■ god of getting-on " which we Amer- 
icans ai'e supposed to worship, and it behooves 
us to learn the most systematic and business- 
like way of doing the work of life. It is your 
object to train young men and young women 
in this direction that they may secure a liveli- 
hood, and when they have leisure we want to 
have them employ it in personal culture, so 
that we shall have a common aim. It is thus 
appropriate that you should meet here. I as- 
sure you of a very hearty welcome, and I bid 
you to take Chautauqua, to enjoy it as much 
as you can, and I hope you will find it as much 
a pleasure as possible and that you will go 
away with a favorable impression of the work 
we are doing here. 

First to respond on 
behalf of the associa- 
tion was Mr. H. C. 
Spencer, announced by 
the president. After 
gracefully a c k n o w I - 
V^ edging the courtesies 
'* ot the Chautauqua peo- 
ple, Mr. Spencer briefly 
esplaiued the objects 
of the Business Edu- 
cators' Association and 
H.r, Spencer, ^j,^ ^^^k that is being 
done by its members Continuing, he 

There are three plans of life which should be 
provided for, which should be recognized al- 
ways— the spiritual or higher, the intellectual, 
the physical. These are all provided for here. 
We recognize this in our work of education. I 
honor in my own mind Chautauqua above all 
other places of summer resort, on account of 
its trinity of uses, and I hope that circum- 
stances will permit us to accept not only ttUs 
work, but the invitation which is carried with 
it of visiting tliis place another time. 

The President.— It is unnecessary to say to 
the members of this association, especially all 
who have heard of S. 8. Packard (and who 
has not T) that he Is always ready. 1 fail to 
record an instance in my Ufe of 25 to 3.5 years 
of experience, during which time I have on 
divers and sundry occasions been brought 
within pleasant and happy contact with that 
gentleman, where he bad been called and failed 
to respond, and in each and every instanc-e to 
do so with the highest satLsfatitinu to his 
frionck. I have the plea-'^utt of introducing 
Mr. S. S. Packard. (Applause.) 







xpccted a good speech after 



B^^r^TH-ITiPlCWSDCN^S 




ftuch an introduction, and no one was dis- 
appointed. Here are some fragments : 

I nil) very (jlad t^) have tbis ateembly wel- 
comed by the son of Chancellor Vincent, I 
am very glad to see this evidence of a new life 
that is aoming into Chautauqua work, and I 
amRladrto fe.'! the evidence of the new life 
that II coming into our work. We have got in 
thin convention of these huiitness colleges what 
the Cbancellor has got in his son We have 
the young men here who are going to carry on 
the worli that we have b^un. We have been 
building on long lines; we are now building on 
long lines that will reach from this life into 
the life that is to come. 

I was very happy to 
nee Mr. Vincent draw 
the line so delightfully 
as he did between the 
work of the Chautau- 
qua Assembly and the 
work of tbe Business 
Educators' Associa- 
tion. I was happy to 
get the recognition that 
he gave us. We de- 
servecl it, and he knew 
that we deserved it, 
and we shall give him m^ j. 

every recognition in Hesji 

tbe work thai he is 
iloing here. 

The Chautauqua Assembly grew 
actly the same need, tbe same wan 
regrets that the Business College 
grew out of. Dr. Vincent, when he was a boy, 
failed to get that for which he so much wished 
in college education, in the sense in which that 
is used. It nearly broke his heart. He was 
sotaituated in life that it was impossible for 
him to get that education. He said, " What 
shall 1 do M cannot get an education such as I 
wont, but I will have an education." So be 
went to work and got that education by him- 
self, fought it out along that line, passed bis 
examination and was as much a college gradu- 
ate as those who went to Yale, Harvard and 
Princeton. Bub he said, "There is something 
nut of my life, there is something that never 
can fill up— these college associations. It 
shall be my business in life to take alt those 
regrets out of all the people that I can." 

Now, out of the same necessities which ex- 
isted, ond which Dr. Vincent saw to exist in 
this country, has grown the Business College of 
this country. Young men get through their com- 
mon school education and with all that comes 
the thought that tbey have no college to look 
back Ui. They have no college in their lives 
and tUL-y cannot get it. It is too late, and so 
we hiive stepped forward in a certain sense. 
The Business College did notstai-t with that 
intention, because at first they were not at^ 
tended by boys who had tbis regret, but by 
men who were in business. Now, what have 
we got ? Not much. We haven't got three or 
four years for culture. We cannot do much 
in that direction ; we are going to let Chautau- 
qua do that. It is as much as they can do, But 
we have a work just as important as that — 
hinges directly on that, and gives it force and 
prominence and something to do. We take 
these cultured persons and we give them as much 
as these objects can give them in a year's 
training that will help them make for them- 
selves an honorable living. 

It will not do for anybody to belittle the 
work that we are doing. It is grand, it is 
noble, it is magnificent in its conception. It is 
grand in what it is doing. We do not know 
it from the work we are doing, but we know it 
from the lives of those who have gone out 
from us and are at work in the world, and 
who look back to us and give us honor. 

L. L. Williams, cbairman of the Execu- 
tive Committee, announced the pro- 
gramme for the afternoon's work. He 
took occasion to thank the Chautauqua 
officers for courtesies. After attending to 
Bome details of membership, the conven- 
tion adjourned for the day. 




Thursday morning's e.\erciscs began with 
an address by President Felton. Every 
Hue of it is worth printing, hut the 
limitations of space confine us to the sub- 
joined extracts : 

Since oiu- last meeting at Cleveland another 



year has been entere<l in time's gi"eat calendar, 
and the wondrous events of its penod have 
passed into history. Few years in the life of 
this republic are marked by fuller fruition of 
a glorious and prosperous peace. AH the 
civilizing and Christianizing forces along the 
lines of commerce, science, arte, government 
and humanity have advanced their outposts 
and strengthened their reserves. It is gratify- 
ing to know that educational influences have 
not lost their power or true position as tbe ad- 
vanced guard in this onward march. 

Before entering upon tbe deliberations and 
discussions of the various topics, for which we 
are here assembled, may we not properly pause 
for a moment and take a careful reti-ospect of 
the past ; We are special instructors in the 
great work of education, and as such I believe 
are the laf M. ai-rivals upon the field. In our ear- 



in the Writing Class Best Supplemented 
by the Other Work of the Student ? " 

Mr. Chicken explained that he did not 
intend to read a paper, but simply to pre- 
sent the subject and have it followed by 
discussion. It seemed to him that the 
first thing to be done in the teaching of 
any subject is to get the pupil to under- 
stand of whiit advantage that knowledge 
would be to him in future life ; to get 
bira to pursue that study for the love of 
it. Now if you can instill into the mind 
of the pupil the advantage that it will be 
to him when he has acquired it you have 
the very best foundation upon which to 
build. His experience has been that 




lier history our right to existeuce was so seri- 
ously questioned by the elder brothei-s in the 
educational family that we were forced to as- 
sure them that we had no designs upon their 
domain. We only asked to become gleanei-s 
and take what they had voluntarily left. As 
time advanced opportunities multiplied, facili- 
ties improved, reputation for integrity was 
established, and a growing demand was made 
for tbe product of our effort. The enlarge- 
ment of the field and scope of our labors and 
the growing popularity of our system of edu- 
cation is evidenced by its introduction into 
most of the schools of learning in this country 
and Europe. 

The experiences of the past will have proved 
of little value, if we may not recall and prop- 
erly weigh them. Have our students always 
secured the fullest measure of success com- 
mensurate with theirabilfty to receive instruc- 
tion ? May we have exacted too much, by re- 
quiring all to reach for. and expecting most 
to attain to the fuller possibilities of the bright- 
est minds ! How to secure the gi'eatest effi- 
ciency, eliminate the crudities and wasteful ap- 
pliances, which time and experience will surely 
detect in the management of our colleges, is a 
problem necessarily enlisting the attention of 
every propnetor in such schools, and calls in 
its solution for the exercise of sound judgment 
and a ripe experience. 

Our effort must constantly be to bring our 
institutions to meet every requirement of the 
business community who ai-e and must con- 
tinue the chief employei-s of our graduates and 
indirectly sustainers of our work. 



The 



k bimaeltUiij h 



Cadb.— Here's 

—Henry IV. 

When the president had finished bow- 
iug his iicknowledgmeuts for the liberal 
applause which greeted his remarks he 
announced the School of Penmanship, 
S. C. Williams, Chairman. 

"The School of Penmanship," said the 
chairman, "hopes to present to you dur- 
ing the various sessions interesting aud 
profitable work. Gentlemen will take 
part whom some of us, probably many of 
us, have not had the pleasure of hearing 
before and will show us what they are 
doing in various parts of the country, and 
will prove to us that 
the work of penman- 
ship is not at a stand- 
still by any meons, b'lt 
that there is real study 
in themethodsof teach- . 

ing and presenting,' ^^«^ ' 
these very im portaiu ' » j - - 
subjects." Mr. Wil- ^\\sr 
linras closed by 

nouncing a paper by Mr, Chicken 
H.B. Chicken: " How is Instruction G 



where it is possible to get the student 
to study penmanship, not only as to the 
characters of it, but for the^ subsequent 
good that it will do him, he will do 
more at it in three months tlian he other- 
Mr. Chicken did not think it advisable 
to stimulate the work of the pupil by 
offering prizes to the best writers. The 
result of this is to confine the benefit to a 
very few pupils, while by making the 
good that is to come to hitn in fu- 
ture life the real prize a broader field 
is opened to the student, and this causes 
him to work with a will. He presumed 
every teacher of penmanship would see to 
it that all the papers made out 
during the entire day should — 
pass under a teacher's eye for 
the purpose of criticism. He 
did not believe in cutting and 
slashing the work simply to es- 
tablish his right and power to do 
that sort of thing, but thought 
that the writing should be care- 
fully examined to emphasize the 
idea that special importance 
was being laid upon it. 

Mr. Mehan found himself in 
sympathy with Mr. Chicken. 
He did not believe in the prize 
business. He believed in in- 
teresting classes. If you can- 
not do that you are doing poor 
teaching. It is surprising to 
him how many young men who 
g.i to business are slow to 
awaken to the idea that busi- 
ness requires a good hand- 
writing. We see so many men 
in business who write in a way 
that can hardly be read. These 
examples are so contagious to 
boys that they sometimes think 
it scorcely necessary to write a 
good Iiand, therefore most care- 
ful attention on the part of not 
only the writing teacher, but of 
every teacher in school, is re 

quired in order to secure a good ~^ ^ 

hand writing. 

"When I send a boy back a third or 
fourth time to copy over his examination 
paper he generally says; 'I don't see any 
use in that.- ' I am here for the i)urpose of 
having you learn to make a good business 
paper. You must do it.' The result is 
that he does the best he can finally." 
Mr. Brown regarded this question of 



supplemental work in teaching writing 
about the most importantquestion there is 
in it. He could not see what one teacher 
in a school could do with his pupils an 
hour a day if everybody else goes regard- 
less of the matter of writing, not only in 
the work, but in his criticism of the work 
of the pupils. The writing teacher may 
have ever so much skill. He may have all 
the enthusiasm that it is possible for a 
writing teacher to have, and yet, when he 
is through, the subject of writing be 
dismissed from the mind of the pupil that 
day, there will not be very much benefit 
left when next day comes for the writing 
lesson. He would avail himself of all 
benefits, whether of criticism or advice, to 
secure the desideratum; appeal to the en- 
thusiasm; appeal to the pride; appeal to 
their ideas of necessity — the absolute ne- 
cessity of reaping the benefit that is possi- 
ble in a business education; appeal to 
them in the form of prizes — "anything 
under Heaven that will wake up the en- 
thusiasm on this subject." 

Mr. Enos Spencer, — The remarks of Brother 
Brown are exactly to the point. Nine-tenths 
of the money put in 
the writing teachers is 
thrown away. Penman- 
ship should be carried 
through in all departs 
raents. A ponman-ship 
teacher in order to de- 
velop method should ^ 
carry his work clear / 
thi-ougb the whole school 
all day. Everything 
should tend to correct 
work, and there is where w 
est benefit in penmanship, 

Mr. Ramsdell.— I have to say that careful 
grading of penmanship on the part of teachers 
will cause a permanent advantage in the 
pupil's writing, A good way to stimulate the 
work of a school is to see who can do the best 
work in a certain class on a certain lot of 
papers. After the work has been looked over, 
if the teacher will name the successful student 
and then name more than one whose work has 
been good, it will lend a stimulus to the whole 

Mr, H. C. Spencer thought the princi- 
pal point made by Mr. Chicken really the 
essential point. Appeal to the affections 
of the student; in other words, develop 




Enos Spencer. 
i can get the great 




in him an affection for the work in hand 
for the sake of its uses; for the sake of 
the advantages to him and to the work- 
that is the way to succeed in the best 
sense. He thought that great benefits 
were to be derived from getting the 
pupil to practice at home and require 
him to present every day a certain amount 



J^??l:»^ -Vitr JoijisSAi; 



of home work. As soon as you get this 
kind of co-operation your work is limited. 
fie did not think thut prizes appeal to the 
best elements in the character of the 
students. He did not approve of rough 
drafts of work and then copying it, in 
bmikkeeping, business practice or CQrre- 
•sjjondencp. Learn to do things at once and 
do thcra well the first time. 

Mr. Gray.— Mr. Spenwr suggests that 
every teacher who has anything to do with 
bookkeeping should bea good critic. It seems 




to me that a man should be something more 
than a critic, I believe that the person who 
holds himself up as a critic should be able to 
put a good model twfore a pupil. If he can 
only criticise it does not ro tar enough. The 
rirst speaker [Mr. Chicken] suggested that all 
papers should be criticised, but did not tell us 
whether all criticisms should be iu accordance 
with one special model. It seems to me im- 
possible to get students to come up to the same 
general standard, or the same model. They 
look at the copies in different lights. 

In conclusion, Mr. Gray expressed the 
lielief that the awarding of prizes involved 
some delicate cousideratioDS. 

Mr. Hannum gave it as his experience 
that one of the difficulties io giving prizes 
is the iniiiossibility, under ordinary cir- 
cumstances, of doing justice. You cannot 
do justice, because you cannot know all 
the circumstances. lie thought the suc- 
cessful teacher must do things by faith. 

Mr. Packard thought that the conven- 
tion at lost had hit a part of the subject of 
penmanship that should interest every- 
body — the supplemental work. He was 
very glad that they were not called upon 
to discuss curves, whole-arm movements, 
and all that sort of thing. He had six 
teachers present from his school, including 
himself, and all of them were teachers of 
penmanship. 

"There is Mr Horton," he said, "who 
looks so innocent, and who cannot write 
for cold beans. He is one of our best 
teachers of penmanship. He is a supple- 
mental teacher. He knows when work is 
well done, and he does not accept it unless 
it is well done. He will not allow any 
slipshod work to come into his arithmetic 
class." 

At this point a tattoo by Chairman 
Williams's gavel annouaccd the expiration 
of the time devoted to the section. It 
\v)is succeeded by the school of bookkeep- 
ing, and Chairman A. D. Wilt took the 



-Hnirit IV. 

Mr. 'Wilt announced that he had hoped 
to be able to present a series of exhibits. 
Mr. Enos Spencer had brought books of a 
tobacco house at Louisville, and he (Mr. 
Wilt) had brought an exhibit of a large 
iron foundry, prepared by Editor Kit- 
tredgc of Tfit Ojfirf, whom he was proud 
to rhiim as a graduate. At some future 
convention he hoped that this idea would 
be more fully developed. He announced 
as the subject of discussion : "Methods of 
Teaching the First Principles." 

Mr. H. C. Spencer iinnounced that he 
had brought some books from the Lincoln 
KfltioDal Bank of WBsbiogton. 



Discussion of the paper wus opened by 
Mr. Enos Spencer. He regarded the teach- 
ing of first principles as the most essential 
part of the work, as in building a structure 
the first and most important thing is to 
lay a deep, broad and strong foundation. 
He believed in doing one thing at a time 
and doing it thoroughly. If we have a 
transaction of selling goods for cash do 
not think of the receiving of cash. Do 
not keep two ideas before the student at 
once, but merely that cash is received. 
Treat that only. Think what you will do 
with it. Think nothing about the mer- 
chandise. Go ahead and take up another 
cash transaction, perhaps a disbursement 
of cash. Treat that and of the receipts 
and disbursements of cash. Then find 
what the debit means; what the debit 
sideshows; what the credit sideshows; 
what the difference shows. Learn all 
about that account itself without any re- 
lation whatever to any other account. Mr. 
Spencer then detailed at some length the 
precise methods of teaching followed in 
his school. 

Mr. Bow had changed his mind about 
presenting the first principles of book- 
keeping within the past few years. He 
had become convinced that before any 
principles of bookkeeping are presented it 
is necessary to familiarize his students 
with the first pricciples of business. He 
used to think and practice the idea of 
giving the young men some examples to 
write out. He would have them journalize 
and post to the ledger. He would give 



entries from the day-hook. His students 
were taught individually and in classes 
how to post; after understanding thor- 
oughly the journal entries from the day- 
book they would proceed with the regular 
order of day-book work, journal work 
and posting, closing the ledger. 

Mr. H. C. Spencer. — Do I understand that 
you have discontinued the use of a skeleton 
ledger ? 

Mr. Camell. — Entirely. 

Mr, Spencer. — In teaching the principles do 






Mr. Carnell. — "Wedolinthe closs work, not 
in the individual work of the school room. 

Mr. Stnmk.— Mr. Camell's methods are very 
nearly the same as those which I adopt. I first 
give a student a piece of paper that contains the 
same number of lines as are found on the blank 
day-book. I give him transactions to write 
up, explaining the first and second columns to 
the right. That if we have just one item at 
such a price this is a total in itself and we write 
it in the second column, but if we have several 
items at dilTerent prices we write these results — 
that is. the several topics — in the first column, 
add these and write the total to the right. I 
withhold the grand total and they are ex- 
pected to get their result correct. 

Mr. Brown thought that the knowledge: 
of bookkeeping must be of mental com- 
prehension, and believed it possible for a 
person to be a very good bookkeeper with- 
out ever having seen a day-book, journal 
or ledger. That is to say, he might be 
taught to know what bookkeeping is; 
what accounts are for; what objects you 
have in keeping these accounts. 

Mr. Osboro was confident that this mat- 
ter of first principles was of the highest 







Chautauqua Hu se Maynlle 



them a skeleton ledger of the different ac- 
couuts, and would explain that they would 
learn to know what was on the debit side 
of cash, and what was on the credit side 
of cash, and merchandise and all these ac- 
counts. Rut after all he found the student 
was not a thinker, that he As a mechani- 
cal worker. He did things simply because 
there were rules in the books telling him 

The speaker believed in sitting down 
with a boy and beginning business by a 
preliminary conversation, then explaining 
to him principles of buying and selling, of 
barter, of the interchange of values be- 
tween produce. From that foundation Jie 
built up an outline of bookkeeping. 

Mr. Gray quite approved of the spirit of 
the preceding speaker's remarks. His 
usual course was to treat the one side first 
and then the other side. He thought it a 
good idea to explain the structure of ac- 
counts before undertaking to put them 
together. The greatest difficulty was that 
many of the boys had not been taught to 
thiuk carefully. 

Mr, Carnell's experience had been that 
the best way is to begin with forms. The 
teacher could not do better than to give a 
day-book copy. Let the students copy 
that; then have class work in which the 
principles of bookkeeping are explained. 
After they have got to understand the day- 
book pretty thoroughly, having copied 
several forms, his rule was to yive them in 
class work^ . jouroaUzing ^ entries, taking 



importance in bookkeeping, as well as in 
anything else. It had been a very inter- 
esting experiment with him and a very 
valuable one trying to discover what it is 
that the pupil knows on the subject when 
he enters, and it usually developed that 
he did know something about bookkeep- 
ing, although his knowledge 
might not be strictly technical. 
His endeavor was to make 
this knowledge the basis of 
what follows. He thought it 
quite possible to take an in- 
telligent student and get from 
him a large amount of infor- 
mation in regard to this 
subject without giving any 
instruction on your own :n - 
count, and it seemed to linn 
that that is the way to \<f- 
scnt the first principles. 

Mr. Mebon.— The teachL-L .i 
forms first is the teacher of ■sub- 
stltutiou of physical for the men- 
tal work. Thinking is what is 
wanted after all. The rule should 
be to do well and think weU step ^^^^^^^ 
by step. 

The subject was further discussed at 
length by Messrs. Gray, Enos Spencer, 
Pclton, H. C. Spencer, Row and others. 



Jlr. Mehnn led in the diacussion, Ac 
cording to his idea, there are two thing! 
to be coDsidercd in the teaching of arith 



metic. One, the development of the 
reasoning powers; the other, the skill to 
work with accuracy and rapidity the com- 
mon propositions of business or arithmeti- 
cal propositions. How to adjust the time 
requisite for each of these is a very close 
question. In teaching this branch a busi- 
ness school should consider its peculiar en- 
vironments—that is, the probabilities of 
the particular work that the graduates will 
do when called upon to perform — and as 
neariy as possible trim to that line. 

One of the interesting problems with 
Mr. Witt was how little to teach io arith- 
metic — that is, how many things can be 
safely left out — and after considerable ex- 
perience he was free to say that he does 
leave out quite a number of things that 
might be regarded as essential by some of 
the brethren. He taught few things, and 
tried to teach these thoroughly. First of 
all, addition. Then interest, discount and 
exchange calculations received a great 
deal of attention. He did not go into 
weights and measures or the metric system. 

Mr. Mehan. — To what ext«nt do you carry 
the equation of accounts ? 

Mr. Wilt.— I make that quite thorough. 

Mr. Meban. — To what extent do you carry 
stocks and bonds t 

Mr. Wilt.— I give them a part of my time. 
I do not care to make as much of them as some 
of you perhaps. 

Mr. Mehan. — Do you go into partnership ? 

•Kr- -iiT...^ r J. _.__._. great deal of at- 



Mr. WUt.-Idog 

Mr. Gray.— I ahoiUd like to inquire, Mr. 
Wilt, ifyouhave any objection to naming some 
of the subjects that you would take up if you 

Mr. Wilt.— Compound numbers I would 
omit almost entirely, unless I found that the 
student had no knowledge whatever of it; cube 
root, square root and all such things. 

Mr. Gray. — Exchange t 

Mr. Wilt— No, I pay particular attention to 
that; also interest, common discount and ex- 
change, as well as paitnership problems, 

Mr. Gallagher agreed with Mr. Wilt 
that many arithmetical branches which are 
important, but not so important as others, 
have to be omitted in the ordinary busi- 
nes college course. He laid great stress 
on the importance of teaching the equation 
of iccoucts, a-* iirobiibly the first work of 
the _,raduatc in business would he in that 
direction; also calculations of interest, 
"i ear bv year he had been giving more at- 
tention to mental arithmetic and found it 
\erv important. Exchange also claimed 
much attention. 

Mr Brown expressed himself as being 
entirely positive that arithmetic or ele- 
ments of calcu'ation are the backbone of 
busincs college work. He did not agree 
with much that had been said relative to 
training the pupil nn account of his special 
environments, as his business might take 
hira into other communities where differ- 
ent things are required. 



Loomis 




nded what had 
been said by the pre- 
ceding speaker. In 
the school he repre- 
sented there are five 
or six classes a day, 
commencing at the 
beginning of the 
book. Those not 
3 go into these 



class( 



pri- 



Mr. Loomis Explains vate instruction to 

His Method. enable them to catch 

up. Examinations 

ire had at certain points of the course. 

Mr. Mehan. — How many examinations dur- 




e the student is passing through tl 



Mr. Loomis.— Usually t 



Mr. Mehan.- What'^is your standard for 
passing '. 



Mr. Loomis,— Eighty per c 



Mr. Loomis.— I would in any subject, In 



IDC a Rtudeat I would judge him by 
e Knew about his work and what I 
tbcmgbt be could do. 

A niDDinf^ (liRCUKsioD as to the rating of 
pupils CDHied, McMHrs. Loomis, Mebun, 
Gray, Brown, Carnell and Mrs. Spencer 
participating. 

Mrs. 8penccr explained the methods 
employed at the Spencerian College, Wash- 
iofftoD. They have an entrance examina- 
tion and determine upon that examinatioD 
the classificalion of students into juniors^ 
aub-iCDiors and seniors, A text book is 
used as the hasis, and the entire instruc- 
tion idtopical, not exhaustive. Thestudents 
are required to take home work to do 
every nigbt *in six months of the year, 
consisting of at least ten practical prob- 
lems, which they are expected to return in 
the mominf; in writing arranged in a busi- 
n' es-like, orderly way. 

The experience of Mr, L. L. "Williams 
was that pupils are pretty well posted in 
the elements of arithmetic when they 
enter. What they want more than a 
knowledge of the subject is facility, and 
in that direction his energies are bent. 
Of course if he should get a student who 
is deficient in arithmetic that student must 
be worked up. 

Mr. Packard wanted to hear from some 
teacher who had had experience in what 
Mr Williams calls " facility " — getting 

Mr. Irving said that in the simpler work 
be often calls off numbers for the pupils 
to write down and add up. As soon as a 
student has his answer he raises his hand. 
Another method is to employ mental work 
and do that just as rapidly as possible. 

Mr. Packard.— My mind ran mostly in this 
direction: There are some schools that would 
take up the subject as a mental rest. I have 
Iwen in schools where the students seem to be 
sleepy and where the teacher had tbat faculty 
of arresting the attention of the whole school 
by starting them off in this direction. Itsome- 
times bos occurred to me that if we would do 
that oftener in our schools it would be better. 

Mr. Wilt.— My plan is not only to write 1, 3, 
3, 4, .^1. II, 7, 8, » on a blackboard, but to have 
combinations of numbers printed on a lat^e 
rith a pointer to direct 



School of VorrrgfOHdeuce, llyron Smith 

The chairman in a graceful speech ex- 
]>lained how he hud endeavored to get a 
number of letters from business educators 
to be printed iu connection with the work 
of his section, but that very few of the 
educators had rcspouded. He closed by 
introducing Mr. T. W. Hannum, who read 
an interestmg paper on "How to Intro- 
duce the Subject of Correspondence to a 
Class and Conduct that Class." The paper 
was discussed by Messrs. Brown, S. C. 
Williams, Mehan, Gray, H. C. Spencer, 
Packard, Wilt and Mrs. Spencer. 

This was followed by a paper by Mrs. 
II. C. Spencer, on " The Helatiou of En- 
glish Training to Business Education." 

When Mrs. Spencer arose to speak the 
Man-at-lhe-Knot-hole pricked up his ears, 
and rapidly whetting his pencil to a hne 
point, prepared to take copious notes on 
his cuffs. It had been darkly hinted that 
there might be some fun at this juncture 
of the quality that gave zest to the pro 
ceedings at Cleveland last year, but the 
expectation was not realized, and the 
M.-u.-t.-K.-h. had no occasion to do vio- 
lence to the feelings of his laundrymaii. 

The point of Mrs. Spencer's paper was 
ihat, in any occupation for which business 

of thcEuirlishl 



ua^e 



Ddis, 



able. This being the 
case, it is folly to 
neglect it in the >" 
business course. ^,, 
"Through the gate- \ 
way of a thorougli 




glish, let every can- 'L ' 

didate for admission M«. spencer Speaks. 
loUegesp^supon that entrance ex 
he graded as junior 
perhaps be de 



Let hi I 
aub-senior or seni 
clared incompetent altogctli^ 



She thought that the sooner busine« 
colleges demand a fair standard of English 
qualifications for admi«.ion, the sooner 
V HI the young men who intend to enter 
iiu-ni iiegin to make suitable preparation, 
and the biaher in general English culture 
tney set their st,indards for graduation, 
uie Higher will he the estimate an intelli- 
gent community places upon their work 

lit ;. K '7,:'^""" ^^'" ''^^ ""^ P^^i'i''^^ at- 
tained by their students. 



Brother WelU 



tlon ulita a PrnuiaDolilp Talk-A 
ProHlablc 8cn«1ou. 

/ hiM that anv'»it pfrntaon/nge tmc Itavd, imc 
Uix-de «ue nnd mtieh determination can learn Ut 
uTilf. not nntfi eaallle, legibUe and m»idnt, but 
r.vcH beaHttfvJlle -Bacon. 

Before proceeding to the order of the 
day, President Felton announced that Mr. 
Warren H. Sadler 
was present in the 
flesh to counter- 
mand his letter of 
regret at inability 



^. 




). Sadler^ 



band- 
clapping, and Mr. 
Sadler responded 
felicitouslv. After 
it was over Mr. S. 
•M. CWilliamsclimbed 
id took the chair to direct 
the Penmanship Section. 

The chairman announced that he de- 
sired to present a gentleman who was a 
sort ol connecting link between Chau- 
tauqua and the B. E. A.— Mr. C. R. Wells, 
director of the Chautauqua School of 
Business, also proprietor of the Wells 
Business College, Syracuse, N. Y. The 
subject of Mr. Wells' paper was " What is 
the Most Serious Difficulty a Business 
College Teacher has to Encounter in 
Teaching Writing ? " 

Mr. Wells explained that his plan was 
to teach correspondence in connection 
with instruction in business penmanship. 
The two branches are naturally and in- 
timately associated; by handling them to- 
gether he finds that he can save time and 
secure better results in both. In a writing 
lesson that continues for an hour the stu- 
dents begin to tire after thirty-five or 
forty minutes and some relaxation is 
necessary. While they are resting their 
hands and their muscles he addresses 
them for a few moments upon matters 
which ii is important for them to under- 
stand; such, for instance, as telling them 
what would be required if they were to 
take a position in some well conducted 
business office. Until they have had con- 
siderable training on penmanship he does 
not consider it wise to enter the subject 
of correspondence. When that point of 
development is reached the exercise of 
writing letters is taken up. Utilizing the 
moments of rest for this purpose, he 
teaches the proper form of a letter, mark- 
ing it out on the board and explaining 
the relative positions of the various pant. 
Then the names of these parts are taught 
This is all done from a model, nnd after 
sufficient time the model is erased and the 
student required to draw one from mem- 

In teaching punctuation he does not 
deal in abstract terms, but tries to impress 
on the pupil's mind that the use of these 
marks is to make the sense of the writer 
clear. Having given attention to all parts 
except the body of the letter, it is in order 
to attend to the nature and structure of 
sentences, such as enter into the structure 
of this part of the letter. The various 
matters which enter into the composition 
of the letter receive attention in detail 
and the next step is to combine them in 
properorderby writ- 
iap a letter. He 
finds it a good pinn 
to dictate a letter 




hastily prepared, but Mr. Spencer knew 
better than thst. He knew that it was the 
lit of twenty-five years of thought and 



study— not the result of what n 



1 do 



Mted 



iHkillful t 



ho has 

i been 

Spencer 

1 idea 



thinking 

the reverse of all that. A mn 
quietly and patiently, and in tl 
do investigator, been at work 
successful all the way along. M-- 
fhucied that Mr. Wells had had 
that what he said would antagoii 
convention, but no such thing had hap- 
pened, or could. Gentlemen may differ 
in many respects, but if they are working 
with the idea of doing better from yeilr to 
year, when they oomc together and com- 
pare notes, they find that all are bring- 
ing truth to the altar— not exactly the 
same truth and in the same form, but it is 
all truth and all wisdom. 

Mr. Spencer had no criticism to make 
of the statement that writing is a habit. 
The difficulty is in going back to the 
point where these habits were formed. 
He had experimented a great deal in this 
line, and hedescribed the children at work 
in the primary grades of the public schools 
at Washington. His experiments coz- 
viiiced him that in order to get down to 
the real source of these habits it would be 
necessary to reach the homes of the chil- 
dren; but they are collected only in the 
schoolroom. In the city of Washington 
five thousand children are every year 
trained to take hold of tha pencil prop'erly 
by the teacher holding the band and mov= 
ing it, so that they cultivate the muSculHt- 
sense of the child, who does the work with 
his arms. What is the result of training 
like that ? Later on, of course, they are 
taught to lay the arm down. It has the 
same movement whether you move the arm 
up or down. The speaker expected to live 
long enough to see these children come up 
from the first grade into the business col- 
lege, and then it would not be necessary 
to undo all that had been done m eight 
years, but he would find them ready to go 
to their work in the bookkeeping and busi 
ness offices in an easy and natural way. 

Mr. Wells arose to say that the point 
made by Mr. Spencer of the children in 
the primary room learning bad habits of 
form and movement was one that he was 
especially sensitive on. His idea was that 
these bad habits when learned were due 
to forming script letters. A boy learns to 
make the A and the B in a certain way 
(illustrating on board), and that becomes 
a part of the letter absolutely. The posi- 
tion becomes so much a part of the letter 
that if you straighten the boy's hand up 
and ask him to make the A he goes back 
to the old position. He continued: 

I take a child who has been three years in 
the primary school. 'Ihe arm is put in a cer- 
tain position, and he is taught a certain move- 
ment, That system is carried on for two 
years, merely to discipline the arm and to de- 
velop tins movement. In regard to forming 
letters I will take these children and in three 
weeks after I get them all tbat bad habit will 
disappear, and they will write with an entirely 
different kind of movomeut. I have done that 



this 
quiring the" pupils 
to pay close atten- 
tion to matters of 
arrangement, punc- 
tuation and execu- 
tion of the penman- 
ship. The results 
are collected and 
criticized. The let- 
ters he would dic- 
tate for this pur- 
pose would be modelsof letters of appli- 
cation for position, or of some kindred 
character. 



- , , , omposition 

he found it profitable to require the stu- 
dents to describe something that they had 
seen as though intended for publication in 
a newspaper. 

Every member present found himself 
clapping in approval of Mr. Wells' paper. 
Sir. Packard sprang to his feet and de- 
clared It was the best paper he ever heard 
read before a business educators' associa- 
tion. He agreed that writing is neither a 
science nor an art. but a habit, and thought 
there was a glorious idea embodied in that. 
He was particulariy delighted with the 
Idea advanced of encouraging the individ- 
uality of the student. 

It was a great pleasure to Mr. H. C. 
Spencer to listen to the paper. Mr. Wells 
bad stated at the beginaing that ii was 



hicb they have had, and 
without writing for the thi-ee yeai-s I can leaeh 
them so that the entire habit will disappuar 
but this 13 the result: I do not get standard 
script as the i-esult, and you cannot get it 
There is a different slant and spacing, and it 
never is alike lu two pupils. 

Mr. Spencei explained that in Wash- 
ington they teach the children the first 
year to write with a full swing, and after 
they have passed that stage of work all 
they do is to drop their arm and write a 
little smaller. 

Shot thandera Oet to M'orh. 

Penmanship was put aside at this point 
and the School of Shorthand had an inning. 
Chairman Gallagher directing. 

The first business in this section was a 
paper on " Word Signs and Contractions," 
by Miss Marion Brown, of Detroit. Rev. 
Wm. D. Bridge, of the Chautauqua School 
of Shorthand, Messrs. Chaffee, Wilt, 
Hannum and Smith and Miss Martin 
participated in the discussion which fol- 
lowed. 

Mr. Christie arose to remark that he 
knew nothing whatever about the subject 
and thought that a sufficient excuse for 
asking a question. He wanted to know 
how long it takes for the average student 
to acquire a rate of speed sufficient to take 
down the ordinary conversation or speech. 

Mr. Chaffee considered himself honest 
enough to answer Mr. Christie's question 
as well as he could. From eight to nine 
months on an average are required for his 
pupils to go into an office, take a position 
and keep it. 

Mr. Smith thought from six to nine 
months was a fair average for his pupils. 

Mr. Mehan, though not a shorthand 
wriurbnd noticed that in the past few 
years the requirements of the average 



much broader than they 
used to be. The reason is that business 
men are learning to dictate and tlie more 
they learn about It the more expert the 
must be to avoid a necessity 



fori 



uptK 




Interested in the Shorthand Work. 

Hehuol tit Itookhecptnff. atr. mti ti, tht> 
Chair. 

QiieBtion for discussion t " Should 
Theoi-y Precede Ptatlicc ill Instruction T' 
Mr. Felton thought it should tmquM^ 
tlobably. You must first apprise the hutiil 
Of the fabts. He tnust kbow what thfc 
transaction is, but when tbat is given 
him his plan is to set him to theorizing by 
laying down the principles. In his school 
it was known as the Theory Department. 
The pupil is given to understand that it ie 
necessary to do thus and so in buying for 
such and such reasons. When that has 
been fixed in his mind he Is set to work 
for himself. Tbat is to siiy, & transaction 
is given him and he is required to buy and 
sell and to apply these principles to his 
practice. 

Mr. L. L. Williams had a notion of his 
own about this matter. When you give a 
student a reason for a thi^ig you give him 
the theory. When you give him some- * 
thing that will put tbat idea in practice 
you give him the practice, so theory nnd 
prnctice, in his judgment, go band In 
baud in every business college. 

There are two expressions, Mr. Packard 
said, which he would like to blot out of 
use in every business college work. One 
is ' ' theory, " the other ' ' actual bufeiness. " 
There is no questioning the fact that the 
principles of bookkeeping have to be laid 
down very clearly before they can be put 
into practice. He quite agreed with Mr. 
Williams that the moment you come to 
cari-y out these principles you have what 
vou call practice, and that is all that any- 
body has. Mr. Packard then outlined the 
methods used in his school. 

The subject was further distiussed and 
different methods illustrated by Messrs. 
Frasher, Mehan, Carnell, Bryant, Row, 
Gray, H. C. Spencer, Sadler and others. 

The convention then took up considera- 
tion of general exercises in the schoolroom. 

Mr. Chicken described the literary ex- 
ercises held in his school Friday evenings. 
It helped the pupils by giving them con- 
fidence in themselves and familiarizing 
them with parliamentary practi 






deemed sufficient time. He 
piano at hand, and there is usually 



Mr. H. C. Spencer spoke of the daily 
physical exercises at the Spencerian Col- 
lege. Pupils are required to go through 
a system of exercises intending to improve 
tiieir general carriage, etc. There are 
also literary exercises, the names of certain 
authors being given, and the pupil being 
required to make a quotation from a given 
author at a subsequent time. 

Mr. Packard outlined the exercises at 
his school, with which Joornal readers 
are tolerably familiar, many of them hav- 
ing been described in its columns. He 
attached great importance to putting bia 
students to the investigation of a certain 
subject, giving them every facility for 
gaining information about it, and after 
considering it thoroughly and discussing 
it among themselves, calling in an ac- 
knowledged expert in that line to explain 




the matli 



nd 



Mr. 



Henry George, for instance, had stood up 
before his school to answer questions on 
the single tax theory, which had previously 
been carefully considered and freelv 
discussed. Ex-Governor Hoadly, who 
formed the first "trust," had explained 
all about '■ trusts " in tl^e same way. 



Mr. McCord suppleracDtcd this with ex- 
pldufltion of anotbcr Packard idea— that of 
fltndiof? out a body of students on a tour 
of investigation— to go to a pencil factory, 
for instance, and learn what they could 
about the making of pencils, cr to go 
through the Western Union Telegraph 
ofiRcc, or the World printing office, and in- 
form themselves of those processes. 

Mr. Sadler explained that the exercises 
in his school occur on Friday evenings, 
occupying an hour. He does much of the 
talking himself on these occasions. The 
advanced shorthand pupils are given an 
opportunity to take the |)roceedinge, and 
it affords them good practice. 

Mr. Row told about the Friday morn 
ing debating club in his school. He has 
a query box which starts the machine in 
motion. He liked the Packard plan. 
Besides this is a general drill every Tues- 
day and Thursday, but he did not sup- 
pose the members of the convention would 
ever imagine what it was. The whole 
school takes part. "We come together 
and we add and add," Mr. Row explained, 
senteutiously. 

Mr. Mehan outlined his own ])raclice in 
this lespect. It is much on the lines that 
have been described. He has a society 
which makes up its own programme, and 
this usually includes some music 

Mr. Christie admired the Packard idea 
very much, but thought that circunislanc s 
surrounding pupils in different schools 
would necessarily have their influence i[i 
shaping the matter of these supplementary 
exercises. His echool, for instance gradu 
ates students through the theory a d act 
ual business course in three months and 
that does not give boys much time for gen 
eral exercises. Thev did not neglect 
features of diversion, however There arc 
Saturday morning entertainments pr /e 
contests in spelling, etc. Then thev have 
regular prayer meetings, also receptions at 
the residence ot the president where the 
students enjoy themselves danc ng and in 
similar ways. 

Id Mr. Gray's school there is a musical 
and literary club which regulates its own 
machinery, subject to his superv sion and 
approval. Messrs. McCargar, Smith and 
Williams also gave their school room e\ 
perieuces in this direction. 



The above caption furnished the title of 
an admirable paper by Mr. Packard which 
led the programme Friday afternoon. It 
was liberally punctuated with the ap- 
plause of the hearers. Here is the heart 
of it- 



In its jiractical wi 
on reasonable auii 
. double objei 



erly constructed system of practical \ 



LCf, il^ tliough 

. . r pupilb bow to 

)resent in any couiplete or 
satisfactory way how otber people do it. 
School processes attheir Ijfst I Know ui-e teu- 
tatlve, and experience will gi-eatly chauRe the 
student's estimate of tbeir i-elative value. But 
it iswitbiu the bounds of business college work 
to present business charucteristics so thor- 
oughly and enforce so cleai-ly through 
lated transactions " 
underlie business 
principles themselves will ii 



School of CiricM, O. n: Brown CfMlrman. 

In taking the chair Mr. Brown explained 
some difficulties under which he labored, 
one of which was that he hadn't the 
slightest conception what civics was, and 
after getting the convention in the best of 
humor wound up by a paper that drew 
general applause. 

Mr. McCord. in an ejirucst speech, ex- 
plained his idea of civics as applied to 
business college training, and outlined in 
detail the extent to which this branch is 
followed in his teaching. " When we 
apply the term to work done in business 
colleges," he said, "it means simply the 
work that we dn in the business college 
for the purpose of fitting the student 
better to perlorm his duties as a citizen ." 

The particular subdivisions which re- 
ceive most attention in his work sire in the 



line of public speaking, parliamentary 
usage, commercial law and political his- 
tory. The remarks were listened to with 
marked attention. 

Mrs. Spencer regarded civics as a sub- 
ject of the first importance and did not 
believe that a commercial school should 
submit to limitations of time that would 
exclude so important a topic. She com- 
mended Mr. McCord's remarks in ^uera! 
but did not like his idea of excusing the 
girls from the requirement of speaking, 
which was imposed on the boys. She re- 
minded the convention that there arc 
twenty-four States in the Union in which 
women are helping to make the taws, and 
it is a preity seriojs thing to try to turn ' 
back the hands on the dial of progress. i 

W'hnt Should Kuitinest Schools Tt-aeh ? I 

Saturday morning's session opened with 
a paper by Mrs. Spencer on "The Possi- 
bilities of Business College Work," the 
reading of which held the attention of the 
convention closely. The Journal man 
did not have the pleasure of bearing it 
and it was inaccessible to liiin during the 
preparation of this report, from the fact c)f 
being left at the office of the Chautauqua 
Herald for publication. Its general lines 
were to emphasize the importance of 
having tho business college course long 




enough to teach va ous brunches not 
now general in the c rr culum of business 
schools which Mr Spencer deemel in 
dispensable to the proper equipment of a 
student for a business career. These 
branches include civics, commercial law, 
business ethics andcommercinl geography. 
A course of three years was deemed ade- 
quate for this work, in addition to the 
branches commonly taught in business 
schools. 

The readina of this paper was greeted 
with applause and half a dozen members 
arose to convey their compliments or 
comment upon the sentiments expressed. 
There were various discussions about va- 
rious things until the convention got into 
a mild sort of tangle and it looked to the 
Man-at the-Knot-hole as if the Battle ot 
Cleveland was to be fought over again. 
It was all in the air, however, and if there 
were any trains of powder laying around 
loose the sparks seem to have missed con- 
nection. Instead, White-winged Peace de- 
scended upon the scene in her usual 
amiable way and the convention proceeded 
to hold a love-feast under the grateful 
shadow of her wings. Everybody got on 
his or her feet to vote everybody else a 
complete success and every other paper 
ever read of tremendous and inextinguish- 
able benefit to the convention and mankind 
n general, and so the clouds rolled by. 



This 



of 



and 




Phnnoaraphera at Confetaloiinl. 

President Feltou having yielded the 
gavel in conformity with the provisions of 
the Executive Committee, Mr. Gallagher 
took the chair and started the shorthand 
machine going again. 

Mr. Chaffee suggested that Professor 
Bridge, who was present, give his idea of 
the most importimt thing in teaching 
shorthand. Mr. Bridge improved the 
shining minute that he had to spare be- 
fore catching a train to say that in teach- 
ing phouogiaphy precisely the most im- 
portant thing is to get the student to think 
that it is a good thing — to go into it with 
heart, soul and body, not because his 
father wants him to or circumstances re- 
quire it, hut becai'se he thinks it is a 
good thing. 

A rambling "speed'" talk followed, in 
which pretty much everybody who taught 
shorthand or had any notions about it 
took part. 

Ill the course of the discussion Mr. 
Chaffee, in answer to a question, briefly 
quoted Mr. Cross's dictum "teach pupils 



rcles like lightning when you 
to teach them shorthand." He 
the theory " go slow and 
■' ■ mte 
\ the 
best way to do. A 
good way, for in- 
stauce, is to write on 
the board or paper. 
As you place the let- 
ter K count "one, 

two." showing the 
motion, and keep on 
counting. Keep the 
same Ijme. and don't 
jerk. Teach your 
students to throw 
utlines off with 



their fingers, 
would throw wator off your hands ■ 
you haven't a towel. 
Mr. McCargar. — We teach tbem to wi 



^hen 



Mr. Chaffee.— I am much obliged. That i 
just the way we do. 

Mr Smith -Do yon 1 
1 g bO that the s 
they ai e mak i g t 

Mrs Packard — No, we know what they can 
do 

Mr Si ith —I would like to ask Mr. Miller 
what he does nhei a man comes to him and 
says I want a <itenographer who can write 
no word a m nute !" 

Ml Mile —h the fttstplace,theNew York 

I e u has learnea not to specify the 

i l the the general qualiScatiouB be 

e an a ueusis. If a man writts uk 

tba h t*. a teuographer we make it our 

ue-v I t-o to the place, find out pi-ecis,ely 

hat he e lu emeiits of the position are, and 
sen 1 an an a uens (lualiGed to meet them. 

Ml C al agher — 1 hud businessmen as a nile 
are not good judges as to the speed that they 



they might have 
easy matte and the next day much harder 
matter It vould therefore be a source of ths- 
cou age e t for a stuikmt to tiud that be wrote 
slow r to- la thi he did yesttTdny. 

Mr Llaffee — What do these "speed" 
peojle n ean Do they mean write at a high 
rate of spee«l on one article, si that they can 
get to write it as a girl plays her only piece ? 
(Laughter.) 

Continuing, Mr. Chaffee explained his 
method of teaching. He uses the Graham 
system. When a pupil gets into the re- 
porting style a teacher gives him a lesson 
(the lessons are divided into several parts) 
lasting twenty-five minutes. Then half an 
hour is given for a pupil to read his notes, 
so he can read it as he would from a news- 
paper. During each forenoon and after- 
noon half an hour is devoted to penman- 
ship, and the student is expected to spend 
half an hour at typewriting besides what 
he gets in school hours. A pupil is re- 
quired to write a thing over and over 
again until he knows it well, and in Mr. 
Chaffee's opinion that is the proper way 
to teach shorthand. To give a man new 
matter all the time is like trotting a horse 
all day on a hard road. 

Mr. Smith explained that his plan was 
similar to Mr. Chaffee's with unimportant 
differences. He preferred not to have the 
same matter read, and thought it well to 
have students read to one another. 



finished the principles of shorthand ? 



teach shorthaod that the chara 
large or too small. 

Mr. Packard. — Do you ever have students 
write on a blackboard i 

Mr. Smith.— No, I do not. 

Mr. Wilt.- Do you use double ruled paper ? 

Mr. Smith, — Single niled paper 



seven letters and I take ii 


otes ol the time cou- 


tainViO \vJr.Ls. \ have 'it. 


er. If a letter con- 


uiiirkeii in pencil in 


my book, with the ttinr it 
I do not tell ib.in 111. 1 




1 \i:i\i' lllf-TII ri' to 


the typewriter, JLiui 1 t.il.i 


Ijnlr 1.1 (Im- I. icjlli of 


time spent m i.ro,liHiii- i 


"-'■ -' \'-" !'-l'''i- 1 



haudio^ it in to be examined. After such ex- 
amination, we transfer corrections into a book 
that is kept for that purpose. We require t 



live shorthand teacher. 

Mrs. Packard.— We have perhaps one hun- 
dred pupils and we have five teachers, includ- 
ing typewriting. 

Mr. Camell. — Do you have any limit as to 
the size of the advani-ed class. 

Mrs. Packard. — No. We often begin with 
fifty in a claims and are obliged to make four 
classes of it, becai'se students make different 
degrees of progress. 

Miss Brown.— I believe in blackboard work 
for the firvi r.w !.-^-..iis almost entirely. I 
think yoii Iru'li'iii 'i iiipil when you give him 



cult study. Just give tbem pen and ink and a 

sheet of foolscap paper, put the alphabet on 

board and explain it to them. The first 



have them i 

their names, the naiu«ui fuv. •.ii'.t, ^.-uaub^ a 
State in which they live, and in that way j 
will have them interested in the first lesson. 

Mr. Hannnn. — I usually have my students 
learn the complete alphabet before ibey write 
words. I can see no advantage in writing 
words before they learn the alphabet. 

Mrs. Packard.— I should think that they 
would be so stupifled in learning the alphabet 



JUathemaUetans to the fVont Again, 

}f}iltiplication is vexation, Division iatteiee 



The first real business of the afternoon 
session began with the School of Arith- 
metic, Mr. Hortonin the chair. The sub- 
ject for discussion was "How Do You 
Conduct Drill Classes to Secure Accuracy 
and Rapidity in Arithmetical Calcul- 
ation ? " 

Mr. S. C. Williams led. detailing at 
length the methods employed in his class 
work at the Rochester University. 

Mr. Will told all about the short cuts 
and the devices used to get the best work 
out of boys at the Sadler College, Balti- 

Mr. Christie illustrated in detail a short 
cut which he found of value and, when he 
bad explained it at length, Mr. Siidler 
arose to remark dryly that the process 
was identical with one shown in his 
"Business Calculator," published a num- 
ber of years ago. 

Mr. Christie hadn't seen the "Calcu- 

Mr, Rider held the interest of the 
members with a lucid exposition of how 
arithmetical calculations are used to pro- 
mote the business efficiency of the young 
men and women in attendance at the 
Trenton Business College. The subject 
was further discussed by various other 
inembcra. 

The mathematicians held over to Mon- 
day morning, when the discussion was led 
by Chairman Horton, who spoke of the 
methods of directing drill exercises in 
order to procure accuracy and rapidity in 
commercial calculations. 

"I hold," the speaker said, "that we 
should have no system that w ill not benefit 
the slow people as welt as the rapid peo- 
ple. We should endeavor to incite all 
to do more and better work." Then in a 
three minute talk he explained the system 
that he had found to meet the require- 
ments of the case most acceptably. 

Messrs. Sadler, Rider, Carnell and others 
participated in the discussion that fol- 
lowed. 



Developln 



Vrittng •> Habit ' 



Mrs. Packard.— W.i try to make students 
understand what phonography is, explain to 
carefully the relationsbip of vowels and 
*^ g,j^ ^jjy application of phonetic 



The penmen got under way again with 
chairman S. C. Williamsat thchoad of the 

The subject of gymnastic movement 
exercises, to what extent valuable, was 
discussed by Mr. H. C. Spencer. After 
commenting on the domination of the 
physical system by the mind, Mr. Spencer 
directed the members present to consider 
themselves a class, and minutely directed 
them in the details of position, as if he 
were instructing tbem in his school room. 

"Put your chest up. That is the key 
note to proper position." The teacher 
then put the class through a series of physi- 
cal maneuvers, Delsartean and otherwise. 
Coming to (he exercises, he produced on 
the board twelve which he used in his 
work and found to be all tbat were neces- 
sary. There was a dry touch of humor io 
the teacher's remark that if he had more 
time he could probably make some good 
writers of that class. It was a particularly 
vigorous exercise. 

Messrs. Wells, Brown, Wilt, Suavely 



iiD(i Christie gave tbeir views briefly on 
the point of movement exercises, position 
and kindred subjects. Mr. Wells did not 
consider it necesuary to cultivate any 
thumb and finger movement in writing, 
and asflcrted that the real power comes 
from the shoulder. Mr. Christie was in 
favor of larger muscular forms in practice 
than in regular writing. Mr. Sptncer re- 
marked that po&ifioD must be got in a 
school. It is impossible to get it in au 
otfice. He had a pupil rejected by a buai- 
newi man because the pupil insisted on cor- 
rect position. 3Ir. Felton was quite sure 
that a teacher who did not attach great 
importance to this matter of position 
grossly neglected his duty. 

Mr. Mehan.— Ditto. There is no more ex- 
en&e for a teacher imssing incorrect position 
than passioe; misspelled words. 

Mr. Randflll tliought that writing could 
not be talked into a pupil. He had 
known teachers to waste 20 of their ;j(» 
minutes in talk. He believed that the 
teacher of b.ook keeping should teach wilt- 
ing with the 6rst document brought in by 
the pupil. Ordinary pupds from the pub- 
lic schools write capitals about three times 
OS large as is required. His idea was that 
every commercial teacher should tak'; a 
hand and be able to criticise. 

In the view of Mr. Rider there is such a 
thiug as overdoing practice. The happy 
medium is what he advocated. He found 
no difficulty in talking to bis pupils while 
they arc at work, and often found it very 
helpful to do so to keep their minds occu- 
pied. 

With respect of exercises Mr. Hannum 
hud found that a goodly number will profit 
thereby ; othere will not, and he has to at- 
tend to them personally. He takes their 
hands and arms and works them just as 
they should do themselves in writing. 




Kclloirg Memorial Hall. 



Elerual vigilance, according to Mr 
Loomis, is the price of good tuition — uot- 
ing the little things. There should be 
good writers in all departments of a 
school. The penmanship prize in his 
school has oftencr been taken by the stu- 
dents of the bookkeeping departmcui 
than by those of the special writing de 
partment. 



The time for the penmanship section 
having expired, President Felton resumed 
the chair ond announced a ]mper on *' Com- 
mercial Teachers' Mental Attitude,'' by 
Mr. A. S. Osborn. This was a carefully 
prepared essay on the moral aspect of the 
teacher's reUition to the pupils. The 
primary i|UiiliHcations for a teacher were, 
in liis opinion— lirst, character; second, 
culture. Secoudiiry qualificatiou, a knowl- 
edge of the .subjects printed after the 
teacher's name in the catalogue. Here are 
a few grains from a basketful: 

tlurwiuk.liko (illsiHcialtifs. is inclined to he 



I put the life emphasi 
1' i-ultured. 
I of the 



colleges of literary 
and classical institutions. He hoped that 
no institution calling itself a business col- 
Icfie would ever again be guilty of per- 
jietrating such a folly as he had seen 
picforially represented in catalogues. He 
refcrrLd particularly to a scene represent- 
ing a young man leaving a business col- 
lege and entering upon the road to wealth, 
while opposite was another with the di- 
ploma of a literary institute under bis arm 
trudging along the path to penurv. In 
conclusion he suggested that it would he 
a good idea to appoint u committee to 
select tweuty-live books that every business 
college should provide and every business 
teacher read. 

Mr. Rider could not help taking issue 
With the previous speaker. -'We are 
business educators," he said, " and not in 
the culture business Leave that to the 
Chiiulauqua people." If anv man called 



his school a " clerk factory " he would re- 
gard it as a very appropriate and compli- 
mentary definition. His business was to 
make good clerks and let them lise. 

Mr. Packard felt certain that Mr. Rider 
had misunderstood the paper just read, 
and took occasion to compliment Mr. Os- 
born warmly upon the sentiments that he 
had expressed. Thirty or forty years ago, 
he said, it would have been impossible to 
get a young man to prepare a paper of 
that kind, and it would have been just as 




impossible to find a convention of teachers 
that would listen to it. The progress to 
be made by business educators in this 
country is in the selection of right men to 
do the right work. 

Mr. Brown thought it unwise to lose 
sight of the fact that there are general and 
special educators — "and we are the spe- 
cial." 

Mrs. Spencer took issue with the re- 
marks of Messrs. Rider and Brown. She 
knew of a clerk in New York who drew 
125,000 salary, not because he could 
measure calico better than any one else, 
but because of the polish of his manner, 
because he was a gentleman. If there 
is any one thing that she did believe in 
with all her heart it is to give the pupil 
all the culture possible. 



dared, with emphasis, that there could 
be no such thiug. He confessed to having 
been beguiled at one period of his life out 
of the straight and narrow path that he 
now follows by a very alluring scheme of 
fictitious business. But somehow the 
scheme would not work, and he believed 
it wrong in principle and misleading the 
public to advertise any such thing. 

Mr. Packard felt sorry for any cne who 
could not comprehend a rational scheme 
of business practice, but that did not at 
all shake his faith in it. The fact re- 
mains that the teacher must have some 
definite end in view, and it is indispens- 
able that what is done in business should 
be taught in school as nearly as possible. 

Mr Felton warmly defended the actual 
business principle as appHpd to school 
work, and resented the suggestion that as 
conducted by reputable schools this could 
be considered as in any way takiog ad- 
vautiige of the public. 

Mr. Christie had never been out of em- 
ployment in bis life, and he attributed it 
to his proficiency in this precise line. He 
excepted to Mr. Brown's definition. 

At the afternoon session Mr. Packard 
read a paper on banking prepared by Mr. 
S. R. Hopkins, of New York. It showed 
a most intimate knowledge of the prac- 
tices in vngue in banking houses, and was 
listened to with marked attention, Mr. 
Wilt and others spoke of the paper in 
complimentary vein, and conveyed their 
compliments to the author through Mr. 
Packard. The latter took occasion to say 
that when Mr. Hopkins is investigating 
banking methods the bankers are always 
glad to see him, as they get qui':e as 
many points from him as he does from 



The convention spent half an hour in 
discussing Mrs. Spencer's paper on the 
possibilities of business college work. Mr. 
McCord announced his opposition to tbc 




In the opinion of Mr. Mehan any educa- 
tion that would enable students to deal 
better with men is not to be ignored. 
Mr. S. C. Williams believed in culture and 
so did Mr. Smith. Mr. Wilt found him- 
self very heartily on the same platform. 

Mr. GallagheV thought that business 
colleges are finishing schools and not 
schools of general culture, though he had 
not the slightest objection to 'the pupil 
getting all of the latter commodity that 
he could. Mr. Hannum and Mr. McCord 
both approved the general line of Mr. 
Os horn's i)aper. 

On motion of Mr. Packard the chair- 
man appointed a committee to select 
twenty-five books as suggested, the com- 
mittee to be granted time to hand in their 
report. These gentlemen constitute it, 
the chairman having been added upon 
motion coming from the house : 8. S. 
Packard. Enos Spencer. A. S. Osborn, 
R. C. Spencer, E. R, Felton. 

£u»lneaa Praettret 

Mr. Brown next occupied the attention 
of the convention in a half hour's vigorous 
talk about "Business Practice." He be- 
lieved in training the pupil in the knowl- 
edge of the primarv principles, prep.iring 
the seed bed, as it were. He should know 
something of bookkeeping as a matter of 
science, as an underlyinij principle, be- 
fore being called upon to put the same in 
practice. In teaching he believed in 
limiting this to the ordinary forms of busi- 
ness, as there is no time to run over fancy 
and ditficult formulas. The speaker ridi- 
culed the expression "actual business" OS 
applied to business college work, and de- 



views that had been advanced. He 
thought that business colleges made ene- 
mies among the best classes by unfortun- 
ately claiming things which did not be- 
long to them. Mrs. Spencer would in- 
vade these outside fields, and he wanted to 
enter his protest against that sort of thing. 
Personally he was in favor of a pupil 
studying Greek, Latin and all higher 
branches, provided he had the time, and 
he didn't consider it necessary that what a 
person learns shall apply directly to his 
particular business, but this is not business 
college work and it is a mistake to claim 
that it is. 

With all due respect to the previous 
speaker, Mis, Spencer desired to say that 
he was shooting in the air. No one had 
advocated the teaching of Greek, Latin, 
etc., in business colleges, and the remarks 
made did not apply to her paper at all. 
What she wanted taught was civics, busi- 
ness ethics and other branches that did 
enter into busiuesss, and her idea was that 
they should come into a sort of advanced 
course. "We advertise these things," 
she declared, "and the criticism is that 
we don't teach the thing that we adver- 

Mr. Rider believed in restricting busi- 
ness education. The business college 
to day is Ihc most popular school in 
the country, This is shown by literary 
schools advertising commercial depart- 
ments. He believed in allowing these 
schools their own field and in each stick- 
ing to its own legitimate business. 

Mr. Row announced that he had a 
hobby, and. strange as it might seem, 
un idea as well, and that was that the 



reason the students do not stay longer is 
that the business colleges do not give 
them work that will keep them a longer 
time. He was convinced that an ■ ex- 
pansion of the curriculum would enable 
the colleges to hold students long 
enough. If they cater to the better class 
they will get and hold them. 

Mr. Packard read from a paper that he 
had delivered at the thirtieth annivereary 
of the Packard College. What he would 



like 






Somebody asked Mrs. Spencer what she 
meant by certain things in hei paper and 
she was on her feet in a moment to say 
that she thought the paper needed no 
translation. All she asked was that the 
business college be true to itself, do what 
it said it would do and come up to the 
modern expectation. She did not want to 
turn business colleges into literary or 
classical institutes. They are not going 
outside of their legitima'te field by train- 
ing their students to hold themselves like 
youug men and geutlemen. 

Intercnmmuntcation Between Cotlegea. 

The Bookkeeping Section resumed its 
session at this point with Mr. Wilt in the 
chair. The subjcrt uf inicnnimiuiDication 
between busimss idilii^i-. w i^ liiscussed. 
Mr. Row felt surv tiini ili.Tr was not 
enough uniformity m tli*. im tlK.ds of dif- 
ferent schools to establish any general sys- 
tem of intercommunication. 

The subject was so large, upon the con- 
fession of Mr, Enos Spencer, that he would 
not care to tackle it with less than five 
hours at his command and the convention 
as students. He confessed that he knew 
less about it than he did ten years ago. 

Mr. Felton.— What Ls the difficulty? 

Mr Spencer —I simply see the enlargement 
of its possibilities. When I began I thought 
that the school room was a business worm ; 

Mr. Felton mentioned the difficulty 
caused by students -leaving before com- 
pleting the circuit, in which case they 
fail to get the full idea. 

One difficulty that had arisen within the 
experience of Mr. Horton is that some 
schools send too much work. In such 
cases there are usually many errors, and he 
thought that, as a general thing, students 
are put at this work too early. Great dif- 
ficulties also arise from lack of uniformity 
in goods. If all schools in intercommuni- 
cation could meet and discuss matters the 
problem might be simplified. 

Mr. Wright thought that many of the 
dithculties arise Irom not reporting col- 
lections and filling orders promptly. It is 
a bad plan, in his opinion, to take too 
many schools and overcrowd. An ob- 
stacle that had occurred in Mr. Stedman's 
experience in the matter of commissions 
is that some schools charge too much. 



Keeping accounts with the students was 
suggested by the chairman as a topic of 
discussion. Mr. Loomis led, describing 
the methods used at the Cleveland Col- 
lege. Messrs. Carnell, Williams, Brown 
and Rider followed in the same line. 
Upon the suggestion of Mr. Mehan the 
subject of school management was taken 
up. What Mr. Mehan particularly wanted 
to know was when a student pays for six 
months, and leaves at one month, if it was 
the custom of any school to transfer the 
scholarship or to refund, 

Mr. Packard announced that ten years 
ago he adopted the plan never to carry 
anyone else's money in his pocket, and 
he now refunds under all circumstances 
when pupils leave school before the time 
is up for which they have paid, either of 
their own accord or upon dismissal. He 
thought that not to do so is to lose moral 

There is another way of looking at 
this that occurred to Mr. H. C. Spencer. 
To allow rebates is to encourage absence, 
and, as a rule, he did not believe in it. As 
Mr. Williams viewed the matter, it de- 
pends on the class of students that you 
are dealing with, Mr, Packard's con- 
stituency is different from that of inland 
scbool-s. His own rule is if a student de- 
mands the money back in the early part of 
the course to deny it; if after four weeks 
to give it. This position was approved by 
Mr. Felton. It is his practice also to re- 
fund if the student is absent from sick- 
ness or circumstauces beyond his control, 
other%vise not. 

The whole thing looked to Mr. Melmn 
like a question of contract. 
Mr. Gray.— How about making a conti-«et 

Mr. Rider had considered the case in this 
light, and had come to the conclusion that 
it is not the right thing, not business-like, 
to refund. 



Mr. Gallagher thought that circum- 
stances affect cases to such a degree that 
it is impossible to lay down a general 
rule. He stated also 'that it is his cus- 
tom to require payment in advance, and 
the discussion drifted into that channel. 

Mr. Brown believed that schools should 
be more strict in making collections. 

Mr Wilt.— Do you ever give students a 
week's trial 1 

Mr. Brown.— No. 

Mr, Loomis.— Would you if they requested 
itf 

Mr. Brown.— No, I don't think I would. 



which positively refuses to take pas'ment i 

Mr. Wilt said his practice is to give 
students the opportunity to spend a week 
or two on trial. If they are not satisfied 
he permits the withdrawal of the fee, 
minus the cost of stationery used. 

Tlie School of Civics then held the at- 
tention of the convention. There was a 
brief running discussion with no particu- 
lar eud in view, after which' Mr. Mehau 
read an excellent paper on the lessons that 
may he drawn from our political history, 
One of these lessons is that right is always 
expedient, wrong always inexpedient. 

Mr. Osborn, in his experience, had found 
it valuable to teach in this connection 
general rather than definite things. His 
plan was to take up topics. The subject 
i>f the jury system, for instanct, instead 
of going into the statistics of salaries 
paid to government employees. 

The School of English and Correspond- 
ence then got under way, Mr. Smith pre- 
siding. ''Grammar or ISo Grammar" was 
the subject of a paper by Mr. Mehan. 
Before reading it he announced that he 
was not going to bring up theencyclopedia. 
■' You are supposed to be a walking ency- 
clopedia," President Felion remarked. 

The paper was a plain, earnest statement 
of the necessity of technical instruction in 
grammar — of getting down to the bottom 
of things, learning the structure of the 
language and knowing words as you would 
your intimate friends. 

Mr. Smith approved the paper and de- 
plored the fact that so little attention is 
paid to this subject in many schools. 
Every business college should teach En- 
fjlish. He read a paper on the same gen- 
eral line by Mr. W. K. Millikin. of St. 
Paul. 

Mr. Rohrbough thought that the proper 
extension of business college work is in 
the line of English and grammar depart- 
ments. He believed that just so much as 
the teacher has in store for the pupil, just 
that much will the pupil want to get out 
of him. The subject was further dis- 
cussed by Mr. S. C. Williams and others. 



AT THE EtfD OF TBE ItOOI>. 

\ Day of Ruptblns Bu»lnc«s lliat 

Tried Sieuographer imiler'a 

Soul and Fliisers. 

The business of Tuesday, the last day 
of the session, began with the report of 
the Finance Committee, which showed a 
net surplus of |97.57. There was some 
discussion at this point as to the publi- 
cation of the proceedings. Mr. Sadler 
spoke earnestly on the subject, and de- 
clared that he wanted some assurance 
that the report would be published in 
the proper season and not a year or two 
hence. He thought if The Penman's 
Art Journal had ever done a good 
thing it was embodied in the caricature 
of the chap who made his maiden speech 
before the convention and became gray- 
haired in waiting for the report. Various 
explanations followed, and it was stated 
to everybody's satisfaction that the delay 
of last year had been 
due to causes entirely 
beyond the control of 
Secretary McCord, Al- 
^1 VLj'^^.j^niost everybody had a 
'-' \^ / i-^^/suggestion to offer, and 
^ J \i/ it was finally agreed 
'-T>. '•- — i^ that there should be a 
^ L_^ — -■ . T> conspicuous reform re- 
"^ZZ::^^^ lating to the proceed- 

,. ^ J iugs of the present con- 
SoerelaryMcCorrt. ^^6^.^^^ ^J ^j^^^ ^^^^ 

would be on hand before the snow flies. 

The Section of Arithmetic held its final 
session at this point, with Mr. Horton in 
the chair. The convention listened to an 
entertaining lecture on the teaching of 
percentage by Mr. Will of Baltimore, 
who illustrated his methods on the board. 

The School of Shorthand, with Mr. Gal- 
lagher in the chair, next claimed the at- 
tention of the convention. 

Mr. Packard started the talk by a serits 
of questions, upon which he asked a gen- 
eral expression. They were mainly: 

What inducements and promises do w 
out to students who take our.shorthand c 




On wliat ground do 



Mr. Packard spoke earnestly about char- 
latanry in advertising to catch pupils. He 
referred to the absolute promise of certain 
schools in their advertisements to turn out 
shorthand writers fitted for business in 
three months, and typewriters in one 
month. In New York an advertisement 
for a fihorthand writer to-day would call 
out at least two hundred responses, even 
should you advertise to pay only $5 a 
week. He did not mean that these re- 
spondents would be real amanuenses, 
qualified to do responsible work, but the 
woods are full of poorly taught and half 
taught shorthand writers, who are unable 
to get employment upon any terms, or if 
they get it by any sort of a miracle are un- 
able to hold it. Another point he paid 
particular attention to is the necessity of 
the schools protecting the girls whom they 
send to take positions. It is a rule with 
him to exact references from the employer 
as well as to give them. It is also the 
custom of his school to frankly advise any 
apphcant who seems incompetent to be- 
come an intelligent and satisfactory amanu- 
ensis, or one whose manner or appearance 
is such aa to be against her in this con- 
nection, that she would in all probability 
be wasting her time and money in study- 
ing shorthand, and to refuse such appli- 

Mr. Felton was glad to respond to Mr. 
Packard's questions. The struggle with 
him is to discriminate as to the possi- 
bility of an applicant's fitness. The very 
fact of application shows that there is a pur- 
pose in her heart and mind [the female 
pronoun was used throughout this discus- 
sion on account of the predominance of 
that sex in shorthand schools] and with a 
sturdy spirit behind her, he would see 
what could be done for her. 

It seemed to Mrs. Spencer that business 
educators ought to be exceedingly careful 
not to discriminate against labor, but work 
toward the uplifting of that class. 

Mr. Rider thought it a delicate matter 
for a teacher to set himself in judgment as 
to what the applicant could do if she bad 
the chance and the right kind of training. 
He related an instance of two girls whom 
he had been told by an eminent shorthand 
instructor could never make satisfactory 
amanuenses, yet they were doing excellent 
work to-day and earning good salaries. 

To the best ot Mr. Mehan's judgment it 
is wrong to assume that anyone cannot 
learn anything. He believed in giving 
everybody a chance. 

Speaking of another branch of the query, 
Mr. Wilt said that he always told appli- 
cants that it would take at least six months 
to fit them for a position, probably eight 
or ten. He never takes a student for the 
reporter's course unless be be liberally 
educated. 

At the afternoon session the convention 
was addressed by Mr. George E. Vincent, 
who renewed to them the hearty invita- 
tion of the Chautauqua authorities to hold 
their next meeting at Chautauqua, 
with a possible view to making for them- 
selves a permanent home there. His re- 
marks were very heartily applauded, and 
felicitously responded to on behalf of the 
convention by President Felton, Mr. 
Packard and Mrs. Spencer, 

"Chautauqua." said this lady grace- 
fully, " is the nearest approach to a picture 
of what Heaven will be that my earthly 
eyes have ever beheld." 

In the School of English and Corres- 
pondence, which followed, the subject 
of business letter writing wiis discussed, 
Mr. H. C. Spencer led with a well con- 
sidered paper. He read dillfreut forms of 
letters and advocated a brief and concise 
style for business correspondence. 

Mr. Mehan thought there was such a 
thing us too much brevity even iu business 
letter writing, especially when you have a 
favor to ask. He did not at all object to 
a little extra polish, even at the expense of 
more words. To Mr. Christie's notion it 
all depends on the kind of a letter. He 
had a book home with seven different 
styles laid down very handily to fit almost 
any set of circumstances that would call 
fur an epistle. 

President Felton.— If there is any comoiod- 



} hold 



' pay 






bauity— in letter writing and o 



tof i 



)rld itii 



The penmen drew themselves together 
for their closing heat, with Chairman S. 
C. Williams doing the honors of directing, 
as usual. Brother George Washington 
Brown, of the great Illinois Triangle, had 
been extensively advertised as the leading 
attraction— and that meant fun. The 



subject for discussion, as formulated by 
the Executive Committee, seemed inno- 
cent enough, to wit ; " The Chief Factor 
in Moulding PubUc Opinion Respecting 
Business College Writing." 

Mr. Brown explained that when the sen- 
tence quoted was fired at him (some 
weeks before the meeting) he was at first 
perplexed, then dazed, and finally all but 
paralyzed in his efforts to get at the mean- 
ing of it. At last the light struck him, 
the scales fell from his eyes, as it were, 
and by considering the proposition ask- 
ance, like a crawfish propels himself, he 
discovered that what the committee had 
had in mind to inquire was: What 
wicked agencies are at work poisoning the 
minds of the public respecting business 
college writing ? 

These corrupting influences, the speaker 
explained, are chiefly chargeable to the 
reptilian press — the penmen's papers and 
school papers guilty of the iniquity of de- 
filing their pages with what penmen know 
as ''flourished" specimens. The publica- 
tion of such things naturally poisons the 
mind of the unsophisticated public on the 
subject of "business college writing." 
Confronted with such apparations, the 
guileless and trusting business man (pre- 
sumably) closes its eyes to the fact that 
these things have no more connection with 
"business writing" than esoteric Bud- 
dhism has with the aurora borealis, and 
promptly and inevitably concludes that 
■'business college writing" is a sham, a 
delusion and a snare. 

The old stub pen which does duty in 
recording this picturesque achievement 
has no resources that would justify it in 
attempting to limn the lurid picture of woe 
which this lamentable state of facts inspired 
the speaker to project upon the canvas of his 
fertile and outraged imagination. Nothing 
more noteworthy has been done perhaps 
since the memorable charge on the wind- 
mills by Don Quixote, of blessed memory. 
With lance at rest, figuratively speaking, 
the gallant speaker charged the whole co- 
hort of " eels, lizards, crocodiles, buzzards, 
scorpions," megatheriums after their kind, 
and whangdoodles after their kind, and 
routed them and scouted them utterly 
and ignominously, while the witnesses of 
the terrific encounter were gasping with 
excitement, and the air was thick with 
tail feathers of the wicked dodo and the 
rest of tho corrupting aviary. 

When the convention eventually man- 
aged to catch its breath, Mr. Packard 
made a sugge-ition relative to the advisa- 
bility of preparing an exhibit showing 
business college work at the World's Fair 
at Chicago. The convention voted to 
have such an exhibit, and President 
Loomis appointed Messrs. Wilt, Packard 
and Frank Goodman a committee to at- 
tend to it. Upon motion of Mr. Sadler 
the convention voted to accept the invita- 
tion to meet next year at Chautauqua 
after the first Tuesday in July, subject to 
the call of the Executive Committee, the 
length of the session to be ten days. 

Vtatributttta the Honors Afresh. 

President Felton announced that the 
election of officers for the ensuing year 
was m order. Mr. Brown, in a graceful 
speech, named for president Mr. L. A. 
Gray. The nomination was heartily sec- 
onded by Messrs. Sadler and Packard, 
and Mr. Gray became president by a 
unanimous vote. All the other ofliceis 
were elected in the same way. They are 
as follows: 

First vice-president, Enos Spencer ; 
second vice-president, Mrs, L. H. Pack- 
ard ; third vice-president, J. M. Mehan; 
secretary and treasurer, W. E. McCord; 
chairman of Executive Committee, H. T. 
Loomis, with power to name his asso- 
ciates. 

In retiring, President Felton gracefully 
made hia acknowledgments. On closing 
he yielded the gavel to his 
Gray, and took oc- 
casion -to add his 
warm congratula- 
tions upon thehonor -^ tv ■ \ 
which had been done /\- ^^S 
hia friend of mp"^ / ■*» WX> J 
years. Modestly, 
is his wont, 
Gray 

profound apprecia- 
tion of the honor 
that had been done ^»ai-s^. 

him, and both the incoming and outgoing 
officers were complimented by a very 
hearty round of applause, in which every- 
body present participated. 

After some further business of no great 
importance, a motion was made to adjourn 
sine <Ut: President Gray put the motion. 

Members in chorus — Aye 1 

The gavel— Bang I 

That settled it. 



r"^ 



of many //\HUv 

jdestly, as <-->,- -J ^l ' \ 
.out, Mr,<*Ul_JJ '\ 

reased his A 



A Mrliis ol f«lllioii«-tl 
Sirlellj' I'liofHcial an 

— No better presiding offic* 
the proceedings of a Busiue 
then the gentlei 



I OH Color. 

has ever directwi 
( Educators' Con- 
on whom this 




, L. Williams. 



1 the Asso - 



responsibility rested at the Chautauqua meet- 
ing. President Felton handled the gavel with 
the easy grace of one who bas been used to 
managing delit>erative bodies all bis life. He 
showed himself an adept in parliamentary 
usage, and while perfectly courteous and 
obliging, was firnmess personified when it 
became necessary to cut off a superloquacious 
member or restore a straggling debate to its 
proper channels. He is, be8ides,'au earnest and 
interesting talker, at bis best in defence of 
some pet idea that bas been assailed. Nothing 
more eloquent was beard at the convention 
than his impromptu remarks following Mr. 
Brown's animadversions on "Business Prac- 
tice." Personally Mr. Felton is the most 
genial of men. Uis appearance is very faiily 
represented by the portrait in the July Jour- 
nal. The shimmer of bilver is in bib hair and 
l)eard and the ring ot it in bis voice. 
— C'hairman L, L. Williams, of the Ex. 
^-^^^ Committee, is not a man 

given to the wasting of 

don 

ngs to any vast extent. 
He is a wurker, thouifh, 
and in his official capac- 
ity probably had more to 
do with shaping the work 
of the convention than 
any other member. How 
well he builded the record 
shows. Ml'. Williams is 
a very earnest talker when he gets agoing, and 
shoots straight for the mark without pre- 
hminary verbiage. His hair and whiskers, 
by the way, are not white, aa an outline 
portrait sugge.'rts, but of a rich brown, and 
he is one of the tiest looking r 
elation. 

— It wouldn't be much of i 
Mr. Gray were left out. Not that he is a 
noisy or assertive meml)er, for the exact con- 
trary is true, but the members have long come 
to know that whoever else may absent himself 
for whatever reason, Bro, Gray will be on 
hand if he is living. This devotion to the 
cause is characteristic of the man, and I am 
sure no member possesses the confidence and 
esteem of his a^ociates in larger measure than 
L. A. Gray. 

- Another of the Old Guard is A. D. WUt, late 
director of the bookkeeping section. None of 
the department leaders did bis work better 
than Ml-, Wilt. He has a plain, straighttor- 
wai'd way of doing things that is very becom- 
ing iu a teacher of business. Mr. Wilt was 
accompanied by bis two daughters, exception- 
ally bright and handsome young ladies. Mr. 
BUman, ,the clever penman of Mr. Wilt's 
faculty, was also in attendance. 

— We give so much space elsewhere to tell- 
ing about Bio. Mehan, of Des Moines, that it 
is sufficient here to say that he is as good as 
Bro. DePuy says be is, and as good looking ae 
his portrait shows. Mi-. Mehan is one of the 
most active men in the association, and fol- 
lows the proceedings with the closest atten- 
tion. His voice is strong and clear, and he ex- 
presse.s himself with energy and elegance. 

— Rochester showed up pretty sti'ong in the 
convention. Besides Mr. and Mrs. L. L, Wil- 
liams there were Mr. and Mrs, Osborn, and 
Mr. S. C. Wdliams— all from the Rochester 
University, and all uncommonly bright people. 
Osboi-n is the possessor of the best voice in the 
Association, and has a big bead full of big ideas. 
He is a stalwai-t, handsome fellow and never 
talks without saying something. S. C. Wil- 
liams (who, by the way, is no kin to L. L.) dis- 
tinguished himself by the gracefid way In 
which he handled the school of penmanship. 
He bas a fimd of dry humor, which enUvened 
the proceedings in occasional Qasbes — some- 
times at other people's expense. 

— H. C. Spencer is another member who has 
not misjed a conventiou or many a yearand is 




a«»b some 
what by a rig- 
01 ous system 
of dieting. 
Still be is phy 
Bijally robust, and a bead of admirable pro- 
portions framed in brown hair that culminates 
\sx a pointed bet>rd, sets firmly on bis square 



;i;T«nersB»iGT5naxSf^( 



"'^^^ > -TSiw;®;" '-^^P'S^ 



shoulders. Mr. Spencer commands the closest i 
attention when be Kpeokg, and in bis turn gets 
the full benefit of all that otbere say and do. 
H. A. Spencer, the "other twin." missed Ibis 
year. The*e two seem to be getting more alike 
every year, as shown by the accompanying 
double portroit, recently drawn by their 
brother Lyman P. 

— iira. Sara A. Spencer sets an example to 
the other ladies belonging to the Association by 
ber activity in the convention. She has very 
positive opinions on all subjects relating to 
busioees college work, and a well-fnniished 
vocabulary with which to present theui with 
liecoming emphasis. The uplifting of woman 
and her complete equality with the sterner sex 
is a theme that never fails to give fuU play to 
the fountains of her eloquence— and the Asso- 
ciation has no readier tellcer. Sometimes she 
sprinkles oil on bei- woixls and sometimes 
pepper, and if you happen to be at the other 
end of the question there is quite enough un 
certainty about it to keep jour faculties alert. 
— Tberobiist personality of Mr, Chaffee, of 
Oswego, gave zest to the proceedings of the 
cborthand section. Mr. Chaffee carries hi;; 
theories and principles on the tip of his tongue, 
and drops them with an accunt that makes au 
impression on all within ear-shot. 

— Whenever Mr. Kider arose to spe&k you 
could see something of a cloud pass over sten- 
ojjrapher MUIer's features. It wasn't much of 
a cloud, because Miller was quite etjual to the 
gait, which, however, was the fastest reached 
by any member. When Mr. Kider has anything 
tn say ho wants to get it out, and be does 
very little thinking between sentences. He is 
a brisk controversialist, and did not lack op- 
portunities to exercise this talent. 

— Speakint' of Mr. Miller, official re- 
porter, 1 had had it in 
mind li> record the fact 
that ho was one of the 
handsomest and most ad- 
mired gentlemen in at- 
tendance, but the con- 
structor of the sketch to 
the right, has somewhat i'. 
discouraged me. He had /Ifj^l, 
plenty to do at the meet^ ■(¥"l 'v^ 
ing, and brought home a ■*-^ 
bushel of notes, which Reporter MUIw. 
were dictated to an 
amanuensis and transcribed within a week 
after his return, 

—Hamilton, Ont,, had tbi-ee representatives 
this year, Mr. R. E. Gallagher, another famil- 
ial' figure at these meftiugs, did the honore with 
respect of the shoi-thand section. He has a 
smooth, urbane way of doiug things, and is 
very popular. Mr. Byron Smith, chairman of 
the school of English, is from the same school. 
He has his full share of avoirdupois, highly 
seasoned with humor of the spai'kling, bub- 
bling quality, and be made enough friends to 
induce him to become a permanent fixture of 
these conventions. Mrs. Gallagher was also 
present, looking enough like Patti to bo her 
sifter, I once had the honor of interviewing 
the "divine diva" and hearing her remai-k 
with delicious naivet^: "More people come 
to see me than to hear me ; it's my face that 
di-aws more than my voice. And the best of 
it is that I i-esemble nobody," But perhaps 
Pfttt' never had a good look at Mi-s. Gallagher. 
—Mr. Sadler thought he could not attend the 
convention this year, Ijecaiise he felt con- 
strained to run down to a fashionablb seaside 
resort to admire his charming daughter. Miss 
Lettie, whom the society papers have been busy 
with as oue of the belles of the season. By 
B sort of maneuvering, however, be man- 
both pm*pose6, so bobbed up 




rather miexpectedly 
large as life and twice as natural. Whereupon 
President Felton promptly stopped other busi- 
ness to preseuli him and hear him tell bow 
glad be was to be there. Some vigorous hand- 
shaking followed. No man at the convention 
enjoys a good etory more than Mr. Sadler, or 
has a better repertory of post-prandial narra- 
tives. Mi-i. Sadler enjoyed Chautauqua with 
her husband. 

—There's nothing in the name as applied to 
Mr. Chicken, of Springfield, HI., a gentleman 
of fine appearance and adcU^ss and a forcible 
talker, nor \vlth reference to Mr. Row, of 
Pittsburgh, who seemed amiable enough, but 

—Secretary McCord kept one eye on bis 
slielotou record of proceedings and the other 
on whoever happened to be talking, and 
managed to keep Iwtb ends in range without 
discomfort. Mr. McCord is a deliberate, 
measured sjieaker, and has a reputation for 
talking pretty good English and good sense, 

—New Yoik as usual hud tlic largest dele- 
gation—all Packurdites. Mr. Horton com- 
manded the figuring brigade, and talked as 



rapidly and sensibly as usual. Mr. Rjuidall 
didn't bother the presiding officer much, but 
nothing better than his little speech was heard 
on the subject of supplemental aids to teaching 
penmanship. Both Mrs, Horton and Mrs. 
Randall were present. 

—Mr Packard is sometimes called the Nestor 
of the Association, which can hardly be, since 
there were few younger members pi-esent. He 
is just as full of the dignity and importance 
of business college work as be was twenty-five 
years ago, and the fire in bis eye and voice is 
as bright as ever. Mr, Packard is a master 
of virile, flexible Anglo-Saxon, and fits bis 
words together with admirable precision. He 
knows what be wants to say and says it. Mi-s. 
Packard was specially interested in the 
shorthand pi-oceedings. Their bright young 
daughter, Ella, was with them, and all were 
delighted with beautiful Cbautauquo. 

— The tongue of Mr. Christie is the pen of a 
ready writer, or its equivalexit, and probably 
no one present got more for his money than 
he. It was bis first appearance, but is not 
likely to be bis last. 

— Whenever the subject of bookkeeping wns 
broached, there was no more attentive man 
in the room than Enos Siwncer, of Louisville, 
who is an enthusiast on the subject, ami 
always ready to i-espond to questions relatint; 
to it. Mr. Wright, of the same school, was a 

—The new chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee, H. T. Loomis. is a "hustler." I have 
no other word that fits so well. When he 
speaks you can see that he has been hustling 
all bis life to get ideas, and without any per- 
sonal knowledge on the point I would back 
him against any man in that meeting for get- 
ting the most honest work out of a pupil and 
making bim feel that it is in him to do still 
better. He is tall and strongly built and 
mighty good company. 

—By far the liveliest and most picturesque 
member of the association is Mr. G. W. 
Brown. But for him there wouldn't be half 
so much fun. He can make a good speech at 
any time, on any subject and in any company, 
and is never quite so happy as when playfully 
insinuating his stiletto between the ribs of an 
esteemed friend Usually the esteemed friend 
does not take it seriously, but if be does and 
reaches back, no one enjoys the return thrust 
more than Mi-. Brown. The difficulty, as a 
brother member put it, is to know when he is 
joking and when be is not. He is of medium 
build, very elastic in his movements, has a 
bright eye and a well limbered tongue, is a 
good conversationalist and a bright man gen- 



?rally, 
— Hai-tford had a dual delegation in Mr. 

Stedmau and Mr. Hannum. a part of whose 

enthusiasm shines through his eyes. Wil- 
mington, Del , also had a promising young 
pair in Messi-s. Ramsdell and Wade. G. A. 

Rohrbrougb, who came from further West than 
anybody else, was a good young representative 
of the culture and progress of that region. A 
numt>er of othei-s took an active part in the 
proceedings. The Journal man was belated 
by an accident and failed to get a shot at the 
early leavers and some others who wei-e not 
particularly active towaixl the close. 

— Apart from the business of the conven- 
tmn, there was plenty to do and see and ad- 
mire and profit by. Indeed it must be put 
down as a feather in the B. E. A.'s cap that it 
held its people so well with the many outside 
attractions. Many membei-s enjoyed the lec- 
tm-es of Miss Abba Goold Woolson, negro 
dialect readings by Dr. John A. Broadus, the 
music of the Hartford Quartette, Cooking 
School, and many other features of the regu- 
lar Chautauqua programme. A reception was 
given to the membei-s at the Athtpueum Hotel 
by the Chautauqua directors, finishing with 
humorous readings by Pi-of. Cumnock. A 
very delightful feature of Educators' enter- 
tainment was a moonlight excursion by 
steamer ten miles up the lake to the beautiful 
hotels at Lakewood. given by Prof. Wells and 
his charming lady, 

—It wouldn't do to leave out the bathing. 
Every afteraoon after business there was a 
rush for the bothing beach, and a jolly good 
time followed. Some 
of the brethren who >■*- 

had left their bath- ^ — s ^ \ " 
ing suits at home ■^,. _/^ ;fc^i*'.iy 
found it necessary to =-^'^( \~' £, 

hire, and didn't al- 
ways get fitted, but 



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EDITORIAL COMMENT. 



EVEN pages of this issue 
of TiTE Journal are given 
to recording the proceed- 
ing of the Business Edu- 
cators at their late conven- 
tion at Chautauqua. The 
story is an interesting one 
and worth all the space 
devoted to it. To busi- 
ness teachers, and to the 
boys and girls studying to 
be teachers, the doings of the B. E. A. 
will be especially welcome. Other readers 
will be interested to a less degree, and still 
others will not care a rap about it. Their 
turn will come at another time and in an- 
other way. 

One incident of the meeting was of such 
an extraordiunry character that it justifies 
attention apart from the report. We refer 
to Mr. Brown's remarks on the corrupting 
influences of pen " flourishing," the facts 
of which are to be found in the report. 
Certainly the speaker is to be given credit 
for sincerity, since there was nothing at all 
in the subject as propounded by the com- 
mittee suggestive of the treatment it re- 
ceived. The question was: What is the 
chief factor in moulding public opinion 
respecting business college writing ? The 
answer: What dreadful creatures are those 
flourished birds, eels, lizards, etc. What 
earthly or unearthly relation the reptiles 
bear to the writing does not appear. As 
a brilliant feat of imagination the per- 
formance recalls the story of old Unelc 



Rastus, who brought all the neighbors 
running to his cabin in the dead of night 
by a series of hearfr-piercing wails. 

"What's the matter, L'ncle Rastus ?— 
dying ?" 

" No-o." 

"Gripes?" 

"No-o." 
» " Hurt yourself much ? " 

••No, honey, no; got to thinkin' what 
a danj'ous thing a buzz-saw is ! " 

But to the facts. Should a penman's 
paper print "flourished" specimens or 
shouldn't it ? and do such specimens cor- 
rupt the morals of students and sour the 
public stomach on the question of "busi- 
ness college writing ? " The Editor of 
The Journai, yields to no man in his ad- 
vocacy of a plain, orderly, legible style of 
writing for-businesa purposes. Those who* 
have followed the course of this paper 
during the fourteen years of its existence, 
and have helped to make it with their 
pens and their patronage, will bear out 
the assertion that it has been unvaryingly 
and emphatically on the side of good 
business writing in business schools and 
out of them; that it has discouraged 
straggling, flourishy writing for any 
purpose whatever; that the businesa 
colleges of this country have had the 
use of its pages unstintiugly and 
without cost to show by precept and 
example just what kind of writing 
they teach, and the result of such 
teaching as shown in the work of 
their pupils. No man cau show a line 
that would countenance the intermixing 
of "flourishing" with business writing. 
That is a thing apart, a matter of diver- 
able or inappropriate that a paper which 
draws a very large part of its support 
from professional penmen should devote 
a part of its output to fejltures io their 
particular line and for their particular 
entertainment. No claim of practical 
value is made, no question of utility in- 
volved. It is a matter of amusement, pure 
and simple, and as such is entitled to all 
the consideration it receives. There is 
something more in life than naked practi- 
cality. Every step beyond the feeding 
trough and fig-leaf clothing stage is a step 
beyond actual necessity, beyond utility, 
toward pleasure. Brother Brown, for in- 
stance, may not be opposed to dancing. 
In fact it is possible that he indulges in that 
gentle diversion. Bro. Brown paying 
graceful tribute to Terpsichore at a 
social gathering would not be an un- 
pIcHsing spectacle, but Brother Brown 
pirouetting around the streets of Jackson- 
ville to the cadence of the military sciiot- 
tische would be an extremely lugubrious 
and extraordinary one. "Everything in 
its proper place." 

It was the great Emerson who reminded 
a friend that a paper is made for many 
people and necessarily covers a multitude 
of tastes. Be sure that you get what is 
meant for you — don't worry over what 
isn't. Bro. Brown probably does not deny 
himself the luxury of a daily newspaper 
because they make a business of telling 
about horse racing and betting and prize 
fighting. He has no sympathy with such 
things and perhaps disapproves of any 
mention of them in print, but we fancy he 
would encourage his boys to read the 
newspapers without any great solicitude as 
to the eflfect on their morals. The specta- 
cle of the business public grinding its 
teeth with condemnation of " business col- 
lege writing'- because the penmen's papers 
print "flourished" specimens, and of the 
hair of such college proprietors standing 
on end for fear their boys will get 
pecked by one of those giddy things in 
curled feathers, would be enormously ab- 
surd if it were not so palpably a joke. 

This issue of The Joubnal will go, on 
the generally accepted basis of circulation. 



to 100,000 readers. It scatters the heart 
of the proceediogs of the Busintrss Edu- 
cnlors' meeliDg over every p.irt of Eoglish- 
8]>eakiiig Americu — takes it to at least one 
hundred people for every copy of the offi- 
cial report that will be published months 
hence. A careful estimate of the number 
of people teaching commercial branches in 
this field, based upon our list of business 
colleges, places the figure at 3000. The 
B. £. A. repriHents numerically oolv about 
two per cent, {roore's the pity !). The 
JouRNAt. reaches far the larger portiou of 
thtse teachers, nod they will no doubt be 
griatly interested in what was done at 
C'hautuauqua. But after all, a very targe 
proportion of the 100,000 will have no 
special interest in that matter, and other 
features have to be provided for their en- 
tertainment. As a matter of fact, the 
xtatement of which seems proper here to 
correct a misapprehension which appenrt 
to exist in some quarters, all its 
receipts from members of the B. E. 
A. for all purposes for one yeai' will 
not pay the cost of this single issue, mainly 
devoted to publishmg their proceedings. 
Tet some of its beat patroud are atuuiig 
them. These men, and very many others 
not identified with the organ ixatiou, uuve 
been generous enough to believe that Tue 
Journal has labored from the start for the 
uplifting of thtir cause, by showing the 
general public the good they are doing, 
by enlarging and cheapening their chan- 
nels of communication with the general 
public, by helping to dignify their work. 
These men have come with their support, 
and have brought others with them — those 
committed to their care, acd without 
whom the work could not have been done. 
It would be ridiculous to assume that they 
have approved everything The Jodbhal 
has done, or have regarded it as complete 
and perfect. They knew it was betttrfor 
the encouragement they gave it, and we 
flatter ourselves they regarded the invest- 
ment satisfactory to themselves and stu- 
dents, withouf regard to approval or dis- 
approval of any particular feature. 

Tab Jouknal bases its claims to con- 
sideration by business college people on the 
fact that it is doing its best to promote 
their interests. Those who take it are 
supiMJsed to pay for it. Those who pay for 
it are expected to get the worth of their 
money. If they don't they are expected 
and desired to stop. No excuses are 
necessary, nor are violent protestations of 
sympathy and good will from people who 
would do prodigious things to boom its 



of nandteritinO' 

Concededly the most extensive pub- 
lication extant upon the subject of expert 
examination of disputed handwriting is 
the celebrated work by Sir Edward Twist- 
letoD reviewing the investigation by Cha- 
bot, the celebrated English expert of 



the proofs of identity as between the writ- 
ing in the Junius letters and that of Sir 
Philip Francis. We have had this work 
in our library for some time. In the com- 
ing number of The Journal we shall be- 
gin the publication of a review of this 
noted investigation, which will present a 
great number of interesting facts and con- 





C>CJi^/,^trf^^/^.J^^J:^..^U^4^/^ 






^o- 










Specimens from (he Capital City Commercial College, Des Afoines, Iowa. J. M. Mehan, Principal. 
The flr^t specimen Is byJV. F. Olesseman. in charge of the Penmftnship Department, and shows the style of writing used as copies. The 
.-_... mojpi_ beUig written by (rraduntes who have been in business over a year. Mr. Frost 
ier of ft bftuli at Crawford, Neb. Miss Brown is with 



flemc-Qts. Mr. ] 



romaiDln^ spuclniens sliow 

Is omployod by Brewer, a larye dealer in affricu 

the SiD^r Sewing Machine Company, at Des Mi 

The Jodhnal reaews its oft-repeated ravitation toother schools to send 
models ; (3). the result, as shown by the graduates who have l>een in bUBlness at leii 



V specimens, showing : {!), tha kind of writing tliey u 



circulation — if it were not for those dread- 
ful eels, lizards, crocodiles, etc. 

Gentlemen may shriek "Snakes ! Snakes !" 
but there are no snakes — outside of the 
gentlemen's imaginations. 



handwriting with reference to the author- 
ship of the world-famed Junius letters. 
This is a quarto volume nearly ns large 
as Welwter's Unabridged, setting forth in 
very interesting and conclusive manner 



! interested in this 



elusions to all who q 
line of investigation. 

Sketches of an editor's summer jaunt 
in Europe will be a feature of the miscel- 



in the fall and winter issues of Tub 
tsAL. They will probably begin next 



J. M. Mehan. 



The subject of this sketch was born in 184.'i 
in Montan County, Va. ; bis parents moved to 
Illiuois when he was but a child, and he re- 
ceived, up to the age of sixleen years, but a 
limited education in the log hchool houses of 
the rural districts of that eirly day. His 
mother lived but a short time afttr their re- 
moval to this section, and when sixteen years 
old the death of his father left him without a 
home. Ue was at this time adopted by a mer- 
chant, who sent him to school, during which 
time he attended a writing school taught by 
Thomas E. Hill, thu author of Hill's Manual of 
Social and Business Forms, and imbilwd a de- 
sire to become a penman. 

He went West at the age of nineteen, re- 
maininj; eight years in Montana, Wyoming 
and Uiah. traveling exleosively over the great 
West, during which time he was engaged in 
minmg, bookkeeping and teaching. He came 
to Iowa from Montana in 1872. since which 
time he has been engaged in teaching, beep- 
ing books, and in the management of various 
kinds of business. 

The somewhat limited education of his boy- 
hood has bpen well supplemented by careful 
reading and persistent study. Possessing an 
intellectual activity which has led him to take 
advantage of every means within his reach for 
the attninmeut of knowledge , he has so well 
used bis opportunities that he Is tfvday a well 
educated and well informed man, not only in 
his specialties, but on subjects in general. 

In the autumn of 1884 he organized the 
Capital City Commercial College in Des 
Moines, Iowa. Business education was at 
rather a low ebb in Des Moines when Mr, 
Mehan opened the C. C. C. C. Several schools 
had attempted to lay a foundation sufficiently 
broad to be commensurate with the needs of 
a great and growing city, but had failed from 
various causes. Two years ago, after securing 
one of the best official reporters in the West as 
principal, he opened the Capital City School 
of Shorthand. From a small beginning these 
schools have grown steadily until to-day they 
rank among the leading institutions of com- 
merce iu the West, both as to numbersand the 
quality of the work done. Always thorough, 
always enthusiastic and always earnest iu his 
work, success has followed simply and natur- 
ally. Hundreds of young men and women 
have gone out from these schools with the im- 
press of Mr. Mehan's thorough training upon 
them, and have thereby been enabled to suc- 
cessfully cope with the gi-eat struggle for 
bread and butter so engrossing to the majority 
of the human family. In some respects the 
success achieved by Mr. Mehan hai* been re- 
markable, but one has no cause to search long 
for the reason. To begin with, there was 
faith, which when these schools were founded 
certainly was " the substance of things hoped 
for and the evidence of things not seen;" these 
things soon become visible, however ; then the 
work was done was high grade from the start, 
these the fact that Mr, Mehan, in addi- 
being a broad gauge teacher, is olso a 
man wise enough to know that it mat- 
ters not how good an article you have to sell, 
you cannot find customers unless you let them 
know about it. Therefore having a very 
superior article of business education for sale, 
he proceeded to publish the fact abroad so that 
"he that runs," as well as he that walks, might 
read, and the results have been almost phe- 

Mr. Mehan is well and favorably known as a 
teacher in Iowa ; he has been a prominent in- 
stitute instructor since the Iowa Normal In- 
stitute law was passed in 187.5, is a leading 
member of the Business Educators' Association 
of America, and a member of the American 
Institute of Civics, in which he takes great in- 



Chauoe to W<»rk Hli* Way Up. 

Father (to editor): "I would Hac you 
to give my son a chance in your print- 
ing office." 
Editor: " What can the boy do ? " 
Father: "Well, at first he couldn't do 
anything more than edit your paper and 
take general charge of the mechanical de- 
partment, but later on, when he learns 
sense, he'll be handy to have around to 
wash windows, clean lamp chimneys and 
sift ashes," — liarwnlk Record. 



Addt 



~liiH<jhan,ton ifrpublican. 



A15T JOIJKNAL 




! overlooked, in which 



SCHOOL AND PERSONAL. 

I.JIVE the views of the 
business teaching fra- 
teraity is the special 
uiiii of this depart- 
ment. Teachers are 
always glad to know 
of the movements of 
tbeir fellows, and wo 
are glad to supply 
this informatioD. 
Brief news items of 
this character are 
s..licit«I from all business coUege proprietors, 
teachers of business, U-aveliug penmen, etc. 
We make it a rale to notice all catalogues, 
meritorioiiB specimens, etc., sent ub. Some- 
times these things 
case a line calling 
sight will have the. desired effect. Now that 
schools are opened again, The Jodbnal hopes 
to hear from its friends all along the line. It 
cost nearly $20,000 cold cash to run this eetab- 
Itahment during the past 12 months, and those 
schools who are in sympathy with The Jour- 
nal's efforts, the plan upon which it is ruu 
and the work it is doing are respectfully asked 
to interest their pupils in it. Special clubbing 
rat«i and papers for distribution will be Scut 
ou application. 

— Principal D. McLachlan. of the Canada 
Bus. Coll., Chatham, Ont., has been conduct- 
iug a very successful summer school at Court- 
right. Ont. 

— McGeo & Stouffer is the name of the firm 
at the head of the Lone Star Bus. Coll., Sau 
Marcos, Texas. Tbiswas formerly the PrairiL' 
City Bus. Coll., and was located at Kyle, 
Texas, These gentlemen report excelleut 
prospects. 

— O. J. Penrose has engaged to teach pen- 
manship at the Jamestown, N. Y., Bus. Coll., 
during the coming season. He is an exceUent 
plain and ornumtutal penman, and the man- 
agement of that sthool is to be congratulated. 
— W. E. Eeaty has disposed of his school at 
Wellington, Kan. We are not informed who 
the pmchaseni are. Another good penman on 
the market. 

—The Melcbior Brothei-s report particularly 
good prospects for tbeii- Tri-State Bus. Coll. , 
Toledo, Ohio. C. M. Robinson, for ten years 
principal and still president of the Union Bus. 
Coll., Lafayette, Ind., is principal of the Tri- 
Stato College, and an excellent man he is for 
the position. 

—The Wiley Brothers, J. A. and E. L.,have 
taken charge of the Mountain City Bus. Coll.. 
Chattanooga, Tenn., which they recently pur- 
chased. Everything is favorable to a large 
attendance during the coming year. 

— C. N. Faulk, for several yeoi-s secretary of 
the Northwestern Bus. Coll, , Sioux City, Iowa, 
has ostablished a similar connection with the 
Holmes Bus. Coll., Portland, Ore. He hand- 
les a pen with rave grace. 

— J. F. Bamhart, of Ijebanon, Ohio, is an en- 
thusiastic ndmii-er of good penmanship and 
himself a strong, vigorous writer. 

—The new Kansas City Bus. Uni. takes in 
the Sloan-Duployan school of shorthand. It 
is incorporated with a capital stock of 815,000. 
E. L. McDravy, late head of the Lawrence, 
Kan,, Bus. Coll., is pi-esident and principal 
of the business department. W. O. MelCon is 
vice-pi-esidentand principal of the shorthand 
section. Secretary W. W. Lindsley conducts 
the school of Enghhh. 

— R. L. Reynolds has taken charge of the 
iKMikkeeping and penmanship depts. of the 
State College, Lexington. Ky. 

— W. E. Bloser, n good friend of The Jour- 
nal, is connected i^ith the Findley, Ohio, Bus. 
Coll., of which J. N. Woolfington is principal 
and proprietor. 

—Last mouth we announced that P. B. S. 
IVtersand C. W. Varuum had purchased the 
Denver Bus Coll. from O. S. Miller. This 
was an error. It was P. T. Benton, lat« 
of the lowB City Com. Coll.. and not Mr. 
Peters, who remains with Prof. Ritner in 
change of the penmansliip work at the St. 
Joseph, Mo., College. All of the thiugs that 
we said about the Qrm of Peters & Vamum 
is well deserved by the i-eol fii-m of \'amum & 
Benton — both live, enthusiastic teachers and 
rontident of winning a very large measure of 
success. We takeoccasion also to congratulate 
Mr. Ritner upon the retention of Mr. Peters, 
whi-v^o skill aud executive qualities have eitrued 
a well- ilcsorved national reputation. 

—Another eri-or into which we recently fell 
was naming some one else as the principal of 
the Key^itune Bus. Coll., Lancaster, Pa. The 
head of the school is W. D. Mosser. 



tising line, and knows how to get out an at- 
traeiive circular. A. H. Stcailman, of the 
SU^dman Bus. Coll., Toledo, Ohio, comes 
within the same category. 

— The commencement of Bathburn's Bus, 
Coll., Omaha, Neb., occurred on July 16. The 
graduating class numbered sixty. 

—There is another new college at Kansas 
City— the Standard Bus. Coll. and Shorthand 
School. W. T. Larimore. lat« of the Shenan- 
doah Normal School, is proprietor and business 
manager. A. O. Ong. A. M., is principal. 
The shorthand, typewriting and business cor- 
respondence deptfi. are m charge of F. E. Bell, 
and our old young friend J. P. Byrne, late of 
the CoUege of the Holy Ghost, Pittsburgh, 
and one of the brightest young men in the 
busineffl, has the direction of the work relating 
to the science of accounts, plain and orna- 
mental penmanship and commercial law. It 
seems to us that th^ is a strong combination of 

—J. B. Moore, president of the Electric City 
Bus. Coa, St. Joseph, Mo., is delighted with 



College firm. Oberlin, Ohio, enjoyed his 
traveling through the Northwest. 

—J. G. Harmison has resigned the position 
be held for a number of years as penman of 
the University of Kentucky, Lexington. He 
«-ill soon open a school of his own aud a more 
definite announcement will appear later. 

— F. P. Sexton. Prin. of the West Va. Bus. 
Coll.. Buckhannon. W. Va., says that his 
school has a very satisfactory patronage. 

— A busineiB-like eatalo^e comes to us from 
Freeport, 111., College of Comraei-ce, Nagle & 
Matter, proprietors. 

—Another is from the Clarksville, Mo., Mer- 
cantile College, of which W. C. Smith is pro- 
prietor, and V. J. Howell priu. and penman. 
N. S. Grimes assists at penmanship. 

—A citizen of Waco, Texas, whom the writer 
recently met in a train, informed him that 
Hill's Bus. Coll., at that point, is clearing its 
proprietor a thousand dollaj-s a month. He 
has one also at Dallas. The joint catalogue of 
the two institutions, liberally illustrated and 
well arranged, is before us. 



ability, and each of them has had specuneus in 
The JotTRNAi, with which our readers are 
doubtless familiar. Mr. Armstrong seems to 
be the sort of man that allows nothing to stand 
in the way of what he wants aud considers 
the fullest success of his school. 



—The fame of Oberlin. Ohio, as an educational 
center is well known all over the world. It 
gives us pleasure to call the attention of our 
readers to the statements of the Oberlin Busi- 
ness College on another page of Thr Journal, 
Messrs. McKee and Henderson, with whom we 
are personally acquainted, are men well known 
to the business college world. Mr. McKee has 
charge of the special penmanshipdepartment, 
and many of the best penmen in the country 
have received their training under him. Mr. 
Henderson is also a fine penman, but his 
specialty is the business department. He was 
for some time a bookkeeper in the First Na- 
tional Bonk of Berea, and is thorough aud 
practical in his work. 

—J. H. King wiites us that the citizens of 
Greenville, Texas, where he has established a 




AflmirtMi' Pen Dratinny. bij C. L. Slubbs, of Armstrong's Business College, Portland, Oregon. The Copy i 
to Show for Its Entire Worth in a Photo-Engraving. 



the prospects of that school. The 

school opened on June 17. Mr. Moore is a 

good writer and a judicious advertLser, 

—The twin Spencer Brothers, H. C. and H. 
A., are conducting a rapid writing business 
club at Washington. The club now numbers 
tl5. Miss Nellie McCormick and F. E. Du 
Paul won the prizes offei-ed for greatest im- 
provement. 

— The catalogue of Huntsinger's Bus. Coll., 
Hai-tford, Conn., is in thorough good taste 
throughout, and an excellent specimen it is 
typographically. Hr. Huntsinger is an earnest, 
modest man, and peumauistically is one of the 
hgbts of the profession. 

— We received a beautiful invitation to be 
present at the twenty-fifth annual commence- 
ment examination exercises of tho Bryant. 
Strattou & Smith Bus. Coll., Meadville, Pa. 
The invitation is a worthy souvenir of the 
quarter of a century of successful existence 
which this institution has had. 

—J. F. Tyrrell, whose clever sketches have 
been shown in The Journal, and will doubts 
loss bob up again, never had any instruction in 
pen work except that he received through these 
columus. 

— J, A. Stroburg. late of the Augustana Bus. 
Coll., is a sti'oug, accurate and beautiful writer. 
He is not now employed. 

— H. B. Parsons is making a gratifying suc- 
cess of his National Bus. Uni., Columbus. Ohio. 
He had issued a very attractive souvenir. 

— Messrs. Winaas & Johnson, of the Rock- 
ford. Ill , Business College, are not behind 
previous efforts this yeai- in the line of cata- 
logues, and they are noted for the handsome 
volumesin which the attractions of tbeir school 
are set forth. 

— Lewis Ramsey is traveling through Utah 
organizing writing cla^sses at various points. 
His headquarters ai-e at Spanish Fork. 

—Uriah McKee, senior partner of the firm 
of McKee & Henderson, the well-known Busi- 



— We don't know but we have called atten- 
tion to the beautiful prospectus issued by the 
Indianapolis Bus. Uni.. but any good thing in 
its favor will bear repeating. Another cata- 
logue that is " business " in every line of its 
eighty pages and running over on the cover, is 
that which comes from the Snell Bus. Coll., 
Norwich, Coun. It takes a good many pages 
to print the names of the students in attend- 
ance. This catalogue is profusely illustrated 
with every siwcies of pen work, together with 
views of the school. 

—A card before us announces the marriage 
of our talented young friend Chas. A. Faust, 
of Brojvn's Bus. Coll.. Galesburg, 111., to 
Miss Mary E. Reynolds. The ceremony oc- 
curred on the evening of August 14th, at the 
residence of the bride's parents, Atgleu, Pa, 
The young couple at once left for a wedding 
torn-, and theii" " at home " cards bear the date 
of Sept. 1. The Journal offei-s its congratu- 
lations and best wishes, Mr. Faust did the 
paper the honor of a call while he was in the 
East. 

— F. P. Russell, the energetic penman of Dr. 
Carpenter's B. and S. Coll., St. Louis, Mo., aud 
the shorthand iustnictor of that institution 
(whose name we don't now recall) have been 
visiting their old home in Moss The Journal 
bad the pleasure of a call. 

— Prin. A. P. Armstrong has been gathering 
in some new talent for his Bus. Colls., at Port- 
land and Salem, Ore. C. L. Stnbbs., 
formerly of Cincinnati, and W. C. Harvey, 
recently of Lincoln, Neb., strengthen the 
forces at Portland, aud W. I. Staley, late of the 
Mt. Vernon College. Cornell, 111., succeeds E. 
L. Wiley as principal of the Capital Bus. 
Coll.. Salem. The Journal has had abund- 
ant opportunity of making itself familiar 
with the work of each of these gentlemen and 
takes pleasure in commending the enterprise of 
Mr. Armstrong in securing such a trinity of 
talent. They are oU peumen of acknowledged 



business college, have accorded him a very en- 
thusiastic reception, and that already enough 
scholarships have been disposed of to assure 
the success of that institution. He sends us 
his college paper, which is very creditable, 

— G. P. Jones is principal of the Com. Dept. 
of Piedmont Seminary, Lincolnton, N. C. The 
practical penmanship, bookkeeping, business 
papers and other branches usually taught in a 
commercial department ore included In the 



— We have occasionally had calls for foreign 
shorthand publications, and take occasion to 
say that any of our subscribere intei'ested in 
such matters might do well to send a five cent 
stamp to R. McCaskie, 110 Iversonroad, West 
Hampsted, London, Eng. , for his catalogue of 
phonographic publications, which is very com- 
prehensive. 

— C. H. Clark, for some time connected 
with business colleges at San Antonia, Texas, 
and one of the most skillful penmen in this 
country, has purchased the Northwestern 
Bus. Coll., Sioux City, Iowa, from O. S. 
Davidson. The school is well located in a pro- 
gressive city, and we ai'e pleased to know 
that the prospects for the winter's attendance 
are excellent, 

- C. M. Immel finds time in the general 
vacation season to send us a good club from 
Millersbm'g, Ind. 

— H. L, Wiuslow has secured the services 
of D. T. Walker as penman of his Com. 
Coll., Watertown, S. Dak. He has a strong 
faculty throughout. 

—The College Hill Institute of Springtown, 
Texas, has secured the services of S. L. Green, 
an enthusiastic [>enman, as instructor in that 
branch. 

^Kimball's Shorthand and Typewriting 
School, No. 1800 Broadway, N. Y., opened on 
the Sdinst.. with an increased attendance and 
a moat flattering outlook. Mr. Kimball is a 



AH-r .ioiiKN.vi; 



-^^s^^PTT 



car<?rul and carntist teaolier and one of the 
most accurate and 8|>eedy Munson phonog- 
rapbers alive. 

—The Oakland. Cal., Bus. CoIL has 
changed bands, the new sign readiDg Willis & 
Taylor, of which O. J. WiUU, a well known 
teacbtT is senior member. H. T. Taylor forms 
the re«t of the firm. 

— H. F, Cnirah, late of the Trenton, N. J., 
lius. Coll . , haM become the business mauager of 
the Caton National Bus. Coll.. Buffalo. N. Y. 
The number of people who can write a band- 
HomiT busiuess communication than Mr. 
Crumb is extremely limited. Wo iire ui- 
fonned that bis executive ability is also of a 
high order. 

—J. F. Wbiteleatber. of McDermut & Wbite- 
leatber's Bus. Coll.. Ft. Wayne, Ind., died on 
July '^. He was a business teacher of IS 
years' experience and had been connected with 
the Ft. Wayne school for five years. Person- 
ally he was a man of strong attachments and 
the possessor of many manly qualities. Wu 



readers. A club of eioellcnt proportions re- 
ceived from him shows that those under his 
charge are imbibing the siiirit of devotion to 
the beautiful art. 

— FolsomsBuR. CoIL, Fenn Yan, N. Y., will 
soon be consolidated with the Keuka College 
of the same place. ' Mr. Folsom, by the way, 
in addition to beiag an accomplished and ex- 
perienced business teacher is an ardent advo- 
cate of prohibition and is at present nominee 
for that party for member of the (reneral 
Assembly from Yates County. His associate 
in the school enterprise is Mr. Hagaruau. 

—The Indianapolis Sentinel of July I has an 
elaborate account of the graduation exercises 
at the Ind. Bus. Uni. Prin. E. J. Heeb 
awarded sheepskins to sixty-one graduates. 

— Our vigorous contemporary, the Phono- 
graphic World, makes its appearance with an 
ornamental colored cover, which gives it much 
more of a magazine flavor. A picture of Cur- 
tis Haven is the September frontispiece. 

-The Paris (Texas) Bus. Coll. has srown 



and photographic copies of script and orna- 
mental i>on work executed by The Journal's 
antipodean friend, James Bruce, of the Tech- 
uical College, Sidney. We are pleased to say 
that the que«n cf arte is not by any means 
neglected in that quarter of the globe. 

— A. D, Cromwell, late of Ackley, Iowa, has 
accepted the position of teacher of penman- 
ship at the Ellsworth College. Iowa Falls. 

— J. O. Harmlson, lately connected with the 
Commercial College of the Uni. of Ky., Lex- 
ington, has, in connection with W. W. Moore, 
opened the Rome Business Uni,, Home Ga,, 
and reports good prospects. No lack of talent 
and push in this combination. 

— Mr. and Mrs. Warren H. Sadler, of Balti- 
more, with their daughter. Miss Lettie F.. 
spent some delightful days at Cape May last 
month. They were established at Brexton 
Villa, one of the most fashionable places of 
entertainment in that community. "' Pro- 
fessor Sadler," says the Cape May Wave, " has 
completely captivated the hearts of all the 



The Penman's Leisure Hour. 



THE EDITOR'S SCRAPBOOK. 




Flourish by A. W. IJuhi} 



are hidebted to Mr. C. M Wiener, of South 
Whitley, Ind., 'for a sketch and tribute to Mr. 
White leather's memory, which lack of space 
prevents our making further use of. 

— M. B, Thompson, Logan, Mich., knows no 
Bagging in his devotion to the penman's art. 
He has many friends of the same way of think- 
ing, oud we take pleasm-e in acknowledging 
the courtesy of a club. 

— Under the administration of J. E. (Justus, 
the Augustana Bus. Coll., Rock Island, HI., 
«-iU undoubtedly prosper beyond former yeai-s. 
Ml-. Oustus is a teacher of broad and liberal 
education, a faithful worker and a fine pen- 
mou. His latest service was at Packard's, in 
this city. 

—The proprietors of Heald's Bus. Coll., San 
Francisco, Cal., did a big day's work when 
they secured Fielding Schofield, the well- 
known ]K'uman, as a member of their faculty. 
.TouBNAL readers know so much about Mr. 
Schofleld's accomplishments in this direction 
that any comment would be so much wasted 
space, Heald's impresses us as a particularly 
vigorous and progressive institution and, as 
becomes such a school, avails itself of the beet 
teaching talent. There are few better penmen 
among the younger class of teachers than J. F. 
Cozart who recently became a member of its 
faculty. His work is also familiar to Jodbn al 



into the North Texas Uni. and Bus. UoU. E. 
M. CharEier remains president and C. P. Coe 
is principal. The curriculum has been very 
much expanded. 

—I'own Talk, Newark's recherchi society 
paper, embellishes a page with an excellent 
Ukeness of Prin. C, T. Miller, of the N. J. Bus. 
Coll., that city. Mr. Miller's successful busi- 
ness career is briefly sketched in the same 
connection. We have, by the way, just re- 
ceived fi-om the school a well printed and illus- 
trated catalogue, with covers in an elaborate 
scheme of color. 

— Mr. and Mrs. C. N. Crandle favored us with 
an invitation to the annual commencement of 
the Northern 111. College of Pen Art, Dixon, 
111., of which they are the directoi-s, on July 
31, There were eighteen graduates, One of 
them, E. Y. Partridge, designed a handsome 
card, which was used on the occa- 



— The catalogue of the Richmond, Ind. Bus. 
Coll. fitly represents a progressive institution. 
It is profusely illustrated with designs from 
the facile pen of W. H. Shrawder. who has 
that part of the school work in charge. 

—The Journal had the pleasure of a call 
recently from Mr. C. W. Saudles, of Sidney, 
Australia, a gentleman interested in pen art. 
Mr. Sandles brought with him some specimens 



Villa inmates, men, women and children." 
The following notice is taken from the Balti- 
more American of August 17 : " Among the 
many participants at the hop given at Brex- 
ton ViUa was the charming Miss Lettie F. 
Sadler, who was the belle of the evening. She 
was beautifully attired in a handsome blue 
silk, with diamond ornaments. She was 
greatly admired, both for her delicate beauty 
and groccfiU dancing," The party left for 
their home in Baltimore on August '£i, and, as 
we learn from the Cape May Wave, were 
entertained upon their arrival in Philadelphia 
by Major Geo. Fergiisou at the Union League 



For eveiT" day of sunshine 
There is a day of ram ; 

For every hour of happiness 
We have an hour of pain ; 

For every smiling countenance 
wUng face 1 



Mrs. O'Rourke: "An' phwere are ye 
goin' DOW, Teddy 1 " 

Mr. O'Rourke: " Downtothe tur-r-rkey 
rafle, darlint." 

Mrs. O'Rourke: "Well, ye had betther 
lave the price av the corn bafe in' cabbage 
wid me afore you go 1 " 




m 

(T _ t — We ha\ea number of spLCimtus 

of neat oi deity and very elegant writing by 
r P Regan, Rockville Comi 



Fa Bus. Coll iteuds 
lards and a 
!-/( \f flourish of partiLular 



men of plain writing is from B. J. Ferguson, 
Camp Creek, W. Va. 

—We are indebted to W. P. Garrett, Green- 
ville, S. C. for various specimens of muscular 



So does B. A. Pryor, Chestnut, Va. 

— Elsewhere in this issue we devote consid- 
erable space to the man who is at the head of 
the Capital City C 



-epresented 
.. ittyWilbi 
Jenkins, Guv 



look for the 
siTf-^s lev-tei-s. 
'I 111'' young 



rlsey, Kitty Wilbur, 



Bradford, G. B. Rick.-. iN. JtallK-. li. E. Mack- 
intosh, in addition to tho^e rupruieiited in the 
specimens elsewhere printed. ProfpssorGiesse- 
man writes, in this connection. "We teach 
position and the application of niusculai' move- 
ment, approximating standard forms." With 
' "" " ■ ) look after the pen- 



lower its fiag t 

—P. B. ; 
from W 



■Joseph, Mo., sends u 






with inili.ii .. . i. . - iiuible design 

from R. L. i^.LLii.-h.-.L-., huulder. Col. 

—P. T. Buntou, of the Denver Bus. Coll., 
contributes some off-haud strokes in his 
usual gilt-edged style. 

-Cards, capitals and ornamental specimens. 



all worthy of 



[;ially the writing, 
are irom ;>. ij. ixieeu, Spriugtnwn, Texas. 

—J. W. Jones, Osniaus, Ohio, is represented* 
by a spiritetl tiomished and liraivii design, 

—We are indebted to F. J. Toland, Prin. of 
the Ottawa III., Bus. Uni., for a photograph 
of an elaborate and exceptionally handsome 
piece of engrossing, executed by him for the 
council of nis city. Two other prints of en- 
grossed resolutions that evince skill, taste and 
delicacy of execution, come to us with the 
compliments of DuflTs College, Pittsburgh. 

BOOKS. 

A copy of " Self Instruction in Practical 
Business Qualifications," which is advertised 
in The Journal, fresh from the pre^, has been 



ing had the opportunity of looking it through, 
we repeat all the good things that were said 
before. Youug men and women who want to 



uld do well to send fore 



culars describing this 
of the volume, by the way. 
its author, Cbas. S. Macnai 
W. Caughey, Pittsburgh, 



The frontispiece 
: a fine portrait of 
■, engraved by J. 



" The Theory of Accounts,'" by the Goodyear 
Pubhsbing Company, Cet^r ftapids, Iowa, Is 
an attractively made volume of 227 pages. It 
requires a good deal of examination to give 
anything lilte a comprehensive report of a 
work of this chai-acter, and we are not pre- 
pai-ed to go into that now. We have been in- 
terested in noting its arrangement and general 
features, and are pleased to say that they 
stand for a work that will make its way into 



The latest verbal monstrosity suggested 
is the word "manupriut," to be used as a 
verb, adjective or noun for work done 
with the typewriting machine. 

Ours is sometimes called the greatest 
pill consuming country in the world, but 
this honor probably belongs to Great 
Britain. It is estimated that in that coun- 
try over five and a half million pills are 
swallowed daily, or one pill a week for 
every soul in the Kingdom. The pills 
consumed in a year would weigh 178 tons, 
making a train toad which would require 
two powerful engines to haul it. If these 
pills were placed side bj side they would 
make a line nearly 0,500 miles long.— iV^. 
r. Tribune. 

Have you seen the new book, AmbS' 
Book of FLonnisiiES ? -For admirers of 
fancy penmanship it is "the boss," and no 



We consider I'r 



.1 c^horthand adv< 



Lessons in Business Writing. 



IV. 

BEFOIIE TURNING your attention to 
the copies in this lesson, try your 
pen and muscles, by praclicioK a few of 
the old moveraeot copies. We too often 
make a great mistake by giving too much 
lime to ntw exercises, generally ditlicult 
oues, when we would obtain better results 
if we would adhere to the more simple 
forms, until the hand grows more submis- 
sive. I trust my pupils in the Joctbnai. 
class will not run adrift. After a few 
minutes' review try the B exercise with free 
movement. Don't make more than five let 
ters in a combination. Practice the E'f 
several minutes, then change to the C ex- 
ercise. It will be well to change occa 
sionally from the capital letters to the 
small letter exercises— (h, th, etc. 

Before working on the lorm of plain 
writing give the abbreviations several 
minutes' faithful study and practice. 
Study your work. Get your spacing and 
height uniform. Now take the copy of 
plain writing and see how e[i3ily you can 
write it. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 



To lay out a headline of lettering count 
the letters which are to fill any given 
space, counting H for M and W, i for I 
anil 1 for the other letters, and divide the 
eighths of an inch contained in the given 
space by the number thus obtained and 
you have the space each letter may occupy. 
If two or more words are to be lettered 
count i or 1 for the space between words, 
as may be desired. Seme styles of letter- 
ing should have more space between 
words than others. 

For a practical example take our copy. 
Counting as per above rule we liave 20J, 
and wishing to give extra prominence to 
four of the letters we count one more for 
each, making 24^. The space allowed 
being 18 in., we have 104 ^ 24J = 4 +. 
We drop the fraction and give the letters 
an average space of ^ inch {4 eighths), 
which makes the line of lettering \%\ 

Mark the space for each letter, and from 
the right of each space mark a space suf- 
£cient for any desired finish in the way of 
shading. Pencil the letters and then put 
on the ink. Use only india ink, ground 

Outline the faces of the letters in the 
blocks a little to the left, or they will not 
appear in the center when finished. 

Use a ruler for long, straight lines where 
convenient, but not on letters. 

r FlourUlicM 



We bad expected to say a good deal tl 
month about Ames" Book of Flourishes, 
rather to give space to what other people g 



»nd shouJd receive a hearty support from all 
overs of the art.'" 

Wonder* af (he Rmall Price. 

S. R. Wcbeter. M-mre's Bus. Uni., Atlanta, 
3a. : " Just what I expected to see— a collec- 
tion of geois in flourisbtng such as could eman- 



\n Antipodean Oplulon. 

W. F. Kaae, St. Ixiuis College, Honolulu. 
Hawaii Island: "The two copies of your 
Book of Flourishes received. I am perfectly 
satisfied. We think the work is the best and 
cheapest of its kind ever published, aud its ma- 



Crandle's Copies for September. 








c- ^(-^i^i^t^Vi^iy ^-^5^-2^:^-2^-^ ^^i^^^-^iy 














ate only from the office of the Penman's t 
Journal. I only wonder that you place il 
the market at so small a price." 

HIM ropy not lor Sale. 
T. A. White, South Pittsburgh, Teun. : ' 
is the finest that it has ever been ray pleas 
to see. I wouldn't be without it for ten tu 



terials of the finest quality. The book has won 
for itself many admirers among my teachers, 
schoolfellows and friends, but for myself I am 
quite proud of having such a valuable work in 



We have scores of just such opiiiic 
well-known workers. 
It seems that there is one slight errc 



Example for Practice in Connection with Kibbe's Lesson. 



Kn^ \if f F/ A n^^ ff rUAf>t r^^r^M rfV V ^lU^^ 



saying about it. The unusual amount of space 
occupied by the -B. E. A. proceedings, how- 
ever, crowds us down again, aud we shall have 
to dufer the matter l)eyond a few paragraphs, 
An Admirable Work. 

Ctuitral Bus. Coll., 
an admirable work 



I Work 4 



• Art. 



A. J. Dahlrymple, Northwestern Bus. Coll., 
Menominee. Mich. : " As a work of art it will 
long be cherished by the penmen and the stu- 
dents of penmanship iu America. Tou de- 
serve much' credit for niving us such a treat at 



Book of Flourishes. On page 43 the upper 
specimen belongs to A. A. Clark, superintend- 
ent of writing in pubhc schools of Cleveland, 
Ohio, and not to P. R. Cleary, to whom it is 
credited. The specimen in the upper left hand 
corner of page 65 is Mr. Cleary's. end the two 
names got mixed. 



PrlX' 



• BrariHi 



J. W. Queen & Co., the well known mann- 
lacturers of engineering and mathematical in- 
struments, offer 'i600 prizes, big and little, for 
various essays, dramngs, &c. The big par- 
ticular prize is JlOii for the best essay on the 
subject of " Johann Faber's Lead and Coloitd 
Pencils;" to be an exposition of the merits nf 
these pencils and of the s]:ecial adaptabihty of 
the various grades, degrees and kinds toihe 
several uses for which they are made. There 
is a prize of %'ift tor the best drawing made 
with Johann Faber's Sit>erian pencils, and 
various other prizes. The competition closes 
on November 1, and awaixls will be announced 
one month later. By mentioning that you are 
a Journal reader, and writing to the firm, the 
full particulars will be sent. 



What! 



i Your Winter Plans! 



Public school teachers nre likely to tall Into 
iutellectuitl ruts. They personally need some 
general systematic rcadiug. Then again they 
ougtit not to conOiie tlicir work to the school 
room. They ought to be a leiiven, in the com- 
munity. Thousands of tcnchcrs arc accompliRh- 
ing great good for themselves and for others In 
Chautauqua circles. Will you not join In the 
work? Or will you not read atone? Address 
John H. Vincent, Drawer IW, BulTalo, N. Y. A 
member of a circle writes: " All of us having 
been out of school for a number of years, are 
glod of this systematized opportnnity of refresh- 
ing our memories, and imrstiing our studies 
farther." 



He: " Now that you have made me the hap- 
piest of mortals, can I kiss you ?" 

She (Boston girl): "Never having had any 
personal experience of your osculntory abili- 
ties, Mr. Gesner, I do not know if you can, but 
you may,"— /'('(T.- Mi- J'jk 






/OlINflTEArHEB with plei 



college work, desires to open correspondence 
with some School desiring a teacher of nenmnn- 
ship and business branches; has 



teachintr. Addn 
Journal. 



lER OP PEN 



INNHIP, Co 



gtish desires 



rith school 



-clal Branches, 

sires engairemeL. .__ ._ , 

around New Tors, for a part or the whole < 
his time. CollOiie graduate, Ph.B., practical e 
perience ns bnokkccper, Ove years' experten 
at teaching. Address "TUTUK," caie of Ti 



; ITIEN in need of 
erperienced teacher 



eferences from last 



'■PROFi'SSIONAL," 



ilTWATION 

^ .educated To tench and ( 



by man especially 
perlenced. Orad- 
1 classical college 



year In public schools and for p 



Address " EDIT- 



N°Trouble 

" TO 
BUILD 



m 



■- artistic, 
Shjppell's "piibllcatlona ar 



linhte- The e^lmatesa 



PETERS «Z" 



ttioK prices. Obllguf 



a - 4 - 1. 






EAR! I;; 



$3000iii 



mllu mt 



WANTED, 

• iippi lent Inns for sample; 



Address, Inclnalti^ 7c. to H. V. CarVef, H 

Oak, Iowa. 







C. E. JONES' 

AUTOMATIC INKS 






a Jones' inks, 



Q wide-moulhed < 



If ouacc bottlcsi also powder for 
THIS V COST 

!,nny color, by mail. . 
Twelve bottles, J^oz.. assorted colors, bycxp '.80 



\ bottles. 



.-31.00 



Six 
Twelve 



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„- silver b 

Alphabets and uistruotions sent free with ii 
r JiikH, if requested. 

C. E. .TONES. 
Prvpriett)r Moiknt Business Cititcge, 



IMH Uliie Island Avenue. 



CHICAGO. ILL. 



MONEYS 



"n""^?A^■„,.t' 



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Automatic Lessons 

BY MAIL. 

isi.essons *.. 12.50 

Alphabets, eacb 15 

Mnk Powders 85 

18 Ink Powdern. assorted .." |.io 

into, Ppna. earh '. '^ 

m.-.ilnr, free. Ad.lrew 

C. E. lones, 249 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. 



T% 



DIX'ATJIINAL VOICE wll 

lontbly Joumaf. Send' your ml 




Sample ctird contalninK the leadinir numbeif 
f.)r expert penmen and correspondents will be 
sent FREE on receipt of return postage, 2 ets. 

The Spencerian Pen Company, 



Equal to the Best. 



J". F. B^S^I^KTE 



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FINE PRINTING 
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OUR SPECIALTIES. 



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tuled, unruled nnd special wide ruled, for |>en- 
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)ver 35 kinds constantly in stock. 
A full line of Coraraorcial Supplies constantly 

Correspondence aolicited. 

KINSLEY & STEPHENS, 

Printers. Publishers and StaMoners. 

SHENANDOAH, IOWA. 



IIMVKRSAL 







ut««^.u»..«...-«u. . COLLECTION OF 100 valuable recipes 
I '•^'^V 350. KA foribemanufactureof various kinds of Inks 

ti Writing with instruc- | for the use of penmen, artis s and all busineps. 

50c. school and family purposes will be mailed on re- 

= . ..... .. ■ » cefptof 50oeDts(8tanipsorposlnlnote)by WELLS 

[>r St . fltlNbiirek, Pa. W.SWIFT. Anulia.N.T. ILia 



GOODYEAR PUBLISHING GOMPANY, 

Headquarters for Business Training Supplies. 



I School, 1 



them be log 



- Business Trainino' In Higl 
en and prepared by Piuf. s. 



Incss educator of eighteen y 
BOOKKEEPING, IN POTTR EDITIONS. 
THE THEORV OP ACCOUNTS. 
RCSINRSS PRATTICE, IN TRREE SETS. 
ROCITINE PAinPHI.ETS FOR PIl-^E OFFICES. 

RCSINI^SS BL.VfVKS A\D LEUIL BLANKS. 
COLLEGE CCRREVCV AND .TIliRl 

I for descriptive elrci 

w's. H."^ GOODYEAR. ^secretary. 

GOODYEAR PUBLISHING CO., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. „.tf 



li which they art 








teai'blint. A perfect RUldo to the tcacbcrnnd private iearuer.'by' t 

Cumulete iostructlous and movcmeat cxerctse^ with every leneon. Put up on heavy Card Board 

Fr..iii ir, .(. ,v, r,r„,.„,i ■ n Is worib a Big Round Silver Dollorof any man-* money." 

Id, Ilm-'t'!/i-r'Mi'ue'.l b^t'Iri u'l'i' A **^°,"""»*'''P,''» **=''«"' '^"^ '^"'"'Oli: " Your Coini^ndlum Ih Oim on.l do 
AddfWS nicKEE A- UEN'DER><ON, Obcrllu. Obiu. 



PENMAN'S BADGE. 




JOSEPH GILLOTT'S 

STEEL PENS. 

GOLD MEDAL, PARIS exposition, 1889. 



THE MOST PERFECT OF PENS. 



A. E. 1>EWHURST. 

ARTIST PENMAN, 

Executes all KIndi of Ornamental Pen-Work 
To Order. 



lourishing have n 



5 highes 



tions. Testimonials, t 

manner. Lar^e pieces of Floiu-ishinK. i.*tteriii 
and Pen-Urawlngsdone in the best possible manne 
Correspondence solicited and satisfaction euarai 

12-12 A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 



PEN DRAWING, 



PEN DRAWING 



WEBB'S PROGRESSIVE LESSONS IN 

_ afford the first and only opportu- 

offered for aspiring young penmen to 



adra 



Is. folia 



lity o 

Objects, i 
grounds, landscapes. bTrds. I 
stipple portraits, ate , clearly illustrated with 

30 LESSONS 

covering the various 

personal ii 

Willi 



93.0 

lit to all who follow 
onee and begin the 
VLBU Pen Artist 



all wl . __ 
and begin the work 
■ Pen Artist 
Nashville Tenn 










^O LESSOP^S, 



OIVLY 04. 

e pupil Is read^ tnr (he roIlowlDit I«modb 

SPECIAL. 

lurlith and specimen of plain writing— 

trtoyou |( 

'aplials and a pcnonsl letter— my very 



THE NORTH 



CA II I »» WIlITTErV. 

. Emerick has receli'ed much praise f« 
and skill displayed In hfs card-v 



J. C.EMlfltlUK. 



Some books are so well written and prove so valuable to their 
owners that thieves steal their contents, and by misarrangement 
of them, make books which they try to palm off as superior to 
the originals. 

Graham's Hand-Book of Standard Phonography 

has been pirated from, to a greater extent, probably, than any 
book ever published in the United States. 

Because it is the best text-book on the subject ever published, as 
is i>rove(l by the fact that it rendered obsolete all phonographic 
books preceding it, all of which are now out of print, and by the 
fact that the best portions of all phonographic books published 
since have lieen stolen from it. 

What evidence is there that it is a standard work ? 

It has been published 3} years without change because none 
has been found necessary. 

It has been used for years in many of the best institutions of 
the countiy, and the system it teaches is used by the best report 
ers in the world. 

These are facts which can be prayed. 

Send for a free copy of Ai.i, About PnoNOCRAfHy, the 
largest and handsomest shorthand circular ever published. 

ANDREW J. GRAHAM, 

Author and Publisher, - 744 Broadway, New York. 



SHORTHAND. 



One Hundred Valuable Suggestloni 



iHORTHAND. .SS» ii 

■firttcfil verbatim reporter. 16 years' experf- 
K-c, No failures. Situations g^uamuteod. 
onk uud circulars free. 

FRANK HAKRISON,SteQOKrapher. * 
tl TZl Broad St.. Newark, N. J. 



PHONETIC SHORTHAND "a "^o^t ^^mirabie 
SPEED BOOK. I^eJ^^ 

PRICE SI. 30. 4-rt 

W. W. OSGOODBY, Publisher, ROCHESTER, N. Y. 



THE STENOGRAPH. 

The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurate and Reliable. Send stamp for a 
82-pa«e Circular. Machines rented oa trial. 
U. S. STENOGHAPH CO., 
St. LooIh. Mo. 
11-12 Pricf Rtduced to %'ih. 



Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 



•'COnPLKTK SHORTHAND WANTAl,," FOH SELF-INSTBUC- 
TIOIV IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES. 

The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a .shorthand 
reporter of 25 year.s' experience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
■■ Shorthand Copy-Book," &c., President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

It does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications, Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
markably short time with no other teacher than " Day's Complete 
Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
li>- mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 

NEW EDITION JUST COINC TO PRESS, THIRD WITHIN NINE 
MONTHS FROM PUBLICATION OF THE FIRST COPY. 

SEira FOK. CIK.CXJ3L,.A.K,S. 

THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,.„ 
23 to 27 Euclid Avenue, - Cleveland, Ohio. 



1 "The Coming Man 



A stent. (trupher 
Scholar^'-CHAH 

Remington 
Standard Typewriter. 



would be safer from poverty than i 




For l-ifieen Vrars ihc Standard, and 
to-day the most perfect development 
of the writing machine, embodying the 
latest and highest achievements of in- 
ventive and mechanical skill. We add 
to the Remington every improvement 
that study and capital can secure. 



WyckulT. Stamans e^ Brncdict, 
New York. 




hffivultu ivilh piipiW 



Forty Pages of Reading Matter 

MUNSON PHONOGRAPHY. 





X?: 












t Illustrated. 1 


















r 8 Speech a 








in the best styli 


of M 




iph 


nography 




raM. 


2S 




^'■ 


r/iiv^ 


„«ts/.r%J 













Also a" List of Contractions and Words o 
of Position, with Derivatives. Price lo cent! 
Address 

S. S. PACKARD. Publisher, 

101 East 23d street. - New York 

TYPEWRITERS. 



THE P.XSSWORD IN THF. 
GRAND ORDER 

MODERN JbUSY LIFE 

HURRY! 

Waste of time mtans waste of life 
doling people should estimate time as 
having a direct moiieij vnlu£ ; and their 
mvestnients of it should receive far more 
rare and foresight than do their invest- 
ments of money. 

Time is sacred at 

Chaffee's Pfionographic Institnte, 

,tf OSWEGO. N. Y. 

S K O R- T K[-A.3Sr ID. 



Do NOT siiend all 
t>HADED, PUMTIO 



I. when TWELVE 
^'bythe lTgHT line. CUN- 



WEEKS will I 

N^CTlV^^^VoVvELTpfeRNlN SHORTHAND, 
and to BEAD your notes like print. Text book 
complete, $2.00; Part 1.50 cents. Leesons by 
MAIL or at INSTITUTE Trial lesson FREE, 
Book sent to colleges for examination Write. 

H. M. PERNIN, «-tf 



B" 



mson Short 



HENRY LINDENMEYR, 
Paper ^?Varehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



NEW YORK. 



CULEBUATEU 

EXTRA FINE ELASTIC PEN 



Mo. 1S8. 

Expressly adapted for professional ns© and om* 

mental penmanship. 

A GREAT VARIETY OF OTHER STYLES. IN 

CUmiNG THE WELI^KNOWN 

ESTEHBHOOK'S FALCOK FENS 048. 

PENS SUITABLE FOR ALL WRITERS. 

All of Standard and Soperlor Qaality. 

KOH SAI.K BY ALL STATIONEIIS. 

THE ESTERBROOK STEEL PEN CO., 

WOBKS. CAMDEN, N, I. I 26 JOHN ST.. NEW VORK, 




TIjereisflotliiiLikeit 



nV WBITTKIS COWPEXDim is 

prnviDt; R perfect substitute for lessoDS hy mall. 
Ttiofu- who Imre bought It ure glidiog lotou 
frf !• mnvement and easy style of writing with 
mi little diincnlty ns I could nsk irerc tbey under 
my personal supervision. The Compendium is 
a Hucc^eis 8f> a home tngtruclnr, because T use a 
mfthod in the flrat exercises which compein the 
right movrinatt. I flrmly believe any young 
perstm of common aense may become a grace- 
ful writer by following up the idea carried out 
ill this compendium. It embraces everything 
neo'-ssary in a fifteen lesson courw, and would 
twr H big help to tniveling teachers. Prit-e One 
Oollarby mail, post-paid. 

READ WHAT IS SAtD ABOUT IT: 



tiths n 



s., July 1 
pun 



Ijoen the means of rhiinKing 
I could have 
yours sincerely. 



cramped, Irregular 

luprovement vinder a teachei 

. BARKER. 

Kr.rseiNO. h. 1., N. Y.. June 12. IMK). 

from a tcadhig jicnman but must rnnfo-s thi 
llielioneflt derived from them cnn't coinpiii 
with that derived from your written fumpent 

LOUIS ARMSTRONG. 



e other letters equally an strong as the 
ove which I will publish in connection 
I this advertisement In the future. 




Box 63, "Station W.." Brooklyn. N. Y. 



&/ ^=^ I 



COLLEGE, Richmond, Va.^fcX«iB 



COMMERCIAL TEACHERS WANTED 




for teachers of the commercial branches 



a hundred application 

lerclal branches dunni 

} of the supply lurnisbet 

\ for well-educated young n 



L' employment, a 



In the very front rank of the com- 
mercial schools of this country stands 
the Capital City Commercial College 
and the Capital City School of Short- 
hand, of Des Moines, Iowa. Young 
people desiring the best conimercjal 
training are invited to correspond 
with these institutions. Address 
fii-- J. M. Mehan, Proprietor. 

Northern Illinois College of Pen Art, 

with Normal School and Business College. 
DIXON, ILLINOIS. 

Thorough 

EncTost 



p and Pen Art . Grnriuates aided i 



C. N. CRANDLE. Pe 



TRVn THK 

rANERIAN ART COLLEGE, 




PEERLESS! LUXURIOUS: 

^ftMES' BEST PEN> 






That tbi 

year, that the author hasn't redticed 
free to each purchaser t Are jou 



Jiff rcncAc)- isnot (ifTered asi a premium with every tri-vearly college paper? 

strange, that even after the sfconti fditian has been on the market for over a 

price, nor offered a box of pens or a " life scholarship" 



that nearly every first-class penman in America h 
copy, and that each paid (l.OO for it f Xuw my dear penman — whether amateur or profess- 
ional— dont wait for me to send you a free copy. I know Prof. , and Prof. and seveml 

other Profeaors sent you their books free, and that you would ^ve the Writing Tencher a 
" dandy send'off" if 1 would send you a free copy, but I wont do it. Blun sky and titind won't 
pay for the third edition, norfor thisadvertisement. The Writing Teacher is the only liook in 
the world that is of practical assistance to traveling penmen. That teaches and iUuatrafea 
rombinations and monograms. That teaches left-hand writing. That enables public school 
teachers to teach writing successfully. If you want it, send (l.OO to A. FLANAGAN, Gen. 
Agt, 18.V18; Wabash Ave.. Chicago, or 

OTTAWA BVAIKEhlS IINITEBSITY. Otlnwa. III. 








The above is the title page of Catalogue iifid Frice-List of our Publica- 
tions, &c. 

If you are in need of any of these books or pens, please send for 
descriptive price-list to schools and colleges. Address, 

D. L. MUSSELMAN, Quincy, III. 




LtTTER-WRITING, 



A new and popular text-book for use in Husiness Colleges. Normal Schools, Acade- 
mies and High Schools. Already used in 29 Slates and foreign countries. Univers- 
ally pronounced the best book published. Contains 4000 words, all defined, arranged 
alphabetically and under about 90 classified headings of 20 words to each lesson. A 
complete business Letter-Writer, systematically arranged and finely illustrated. The 
book is well bound in cloth and the combined work contains 204 pages. It will pay 
you to see this book before the opening of your next school year. A copy to teach- 
ers for examination, 50 cents, post-paid. Sample pages free. Address the publishers, 

SPENCER. FELTON & LOOMIS, 

03LiHIVBL.A.l>TID, OHIO. 



•^^eV i-^O^ ftPIfOTO-- 



PRI>JT1NG. 



INC. ELECTROTYPINC an 



irdjally invited. Send 



An Elegant Present, 

Sensible One, Too, is a Copy of 








?asc: iiHiilGd t(i liny part of the world for One 
Dollar. Senil foi- ournewdescriptlve circular 
jriviuKtestinjcnlab. &c. 

PUTMAN & KINSLEY'S PENS. 

No. I.— Double-clastif. for students' prac- 
tice work, hourishiriir, card wrltini^ imd Hnp 

No. 2.— The " Business Pen " for book-keep- 
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l»en ror»apM, unahaded irrtting. 
PRICE8.-8aiiip1eB, lOc: t|iinrloi- UroHii, 
30c-.; UroHS, Sl.OO. 

OBLIQUE PEN-HOLDERS. 



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i.^hed in b 

ii,i. Piicc: 

.iud. Spec: . .. 

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Vol. XIV.— No. 10 



Handwriting of Junius. 



For more than a century the "Junius 
Letters " liiive stood unchallenged as the 
most pre-eminent examples of splendid sar- 
casm in our political literature. The first of 
them appenred in London in Janu»ry, 
1769. in which "Junius" treats of " The 
State and the Nation." This sounds the 
keynote of the entire subsequent corres- 
pondeocc, including 44 letters regularly 
signed " Junius." 15 signed "Philo- 
Jiinius " and manv others usually attrib- 
uted to the same writer. 

These letters lay bare to the bone the 
inner workings of British politics and the 
sins of the British court of the period. 
The Duke of Grafton, premier, first fell 
writhing under their lash of scorn, and 
there was scarcely a man in public life 
from George III. down to his meanest 
courtier who did not feel the bite of their 



Betraying a most intimate knowledge of 
all that was goiog on in the most guarded 
political circles and of the private lives of 
the ministers and political leaders, the 
writer had a most powerful incentive to 
conceal his identity at any cost. Exposure 
could mean nothing less than ruin and 
would most likely mean an ignominious 
death. This was also a quite sufficient 
reason for his taking to his grave the 
secret he had guarded with admirable 
painstaking as to every minor detail that 
might by any possibility betray him. 

For over a hundred years the world has 
been asking: " Who was the author of 
the Junius Letters ? " Scarcely an eminent 
Englishman of the day has escaped the sus- 
picion, but when the evidence was gath- 
ered and sifted only the sieve remained. 
Burke. Wilkes, Home, Took. Lor 1 Lyttle- 
ton, Lord George Sackville, Lord Shel- 
burn, Colonel Bft^^^. Sir Philip Fran^-is. 
Lady Temple and many others are among 
the number to whom the authorship has 
been attributed. 

The editor of The Jouknai. has had in 
his library for some time a large quarto vol- 
ume published by the Murrays, of Lon- 
don, which is described on the title page 
as "The Handwriting of Junius as Pro- 
fessionally Investigated by Mr. Charles 
Chabot, Expert, with Preface and Collat- 
eral Evidence by the Hon. Edward Twisle- 
ton." The result of this investigation is 
that the Junius letters are a]tributed to 
Sir Philip Frauds with a degree of posi- 
tiveness that would warrant a jury's ver- 
dict in an ordinary case, and the mystery 
of a century is cleared away. Probably 
there is not recorded a greater triumph for 
expert testimony with respect of evidence 
from handwriting. 

A writer in the London Quarterly Ecvixie 
has admirably reviewed the Chabot and 
Twisletou examination, and The JornNAi, 
will avail itself of his condensation, with 
further emendations on it& own account 
In all there will be fh^ee or four papers. 



Considerable explanatory matter in the 
opening paper is necessary in order to 
establish a complete cose, as the lawyers 
say, and not require the reader to accept 
any part of the evidence on faith. The 
succeding pajiers will have many fnc- 
simites from the Junian manuscripts and 
from the admitted writing of Sir Philip 
Francis, arranged for convenient compari- 



than woulil ti 
latiy's danciii 
day. Subs'i 



levcd to have 



__ the following words: 

' The inclosed paper of Vei-ses was found this 
morninK hv accident. The person who found 
them, not knowing to whom they belong, is 
obliged to trust to bis own Judgment, and 
' granted that they could only be meant 



for Miss txiles.' 
'The 



s follows : 




Design for Hook Illustration. 



The work of Messrs. Chabot and Twisle- 
ton, says the editor of the Quarterly Re- 
view, possesses a value quite independent 
of the immediate question which it dis- 
cusses. Its direct object is to prove by 
a minute and exhaustive examination of 
the Junian manuscripts and of the letters 
of Sir Philip Francis that both of them 
were handwritten by the same person; but 
indirectly it supplies most valuable in- 
formation and rules for guidance to those 
engaged in the investigation of subjects in 
which a comparison of handwriting is 
more or less involved. It owes its origin, 
to a great extent, to accidental cireum- 
stance.«, which have such an important 
bearing upon the investigation before us 
that it is necessary to set them forth 
fully: 



with a young lady hum ■! Mi- ''11 - I In- 
lady, bom in 17"tl, \\:i~ ■'■ i i _ ' ■ ' 1 1 ; .. i 

Giles, Esq., alt«;rwanl- i i i >: i 

of England ; and iu -i' i ' 

Mrs, King by marryi'iL' I'-' I'll l-.m; ]'.-\ ■■! 
Taplow. It was Che ciisM>in at Lulls ti iiumli ..i 
years ago for a lady to let^in tUe auiue ijaitufi' 
during the whole of the evening; «o that the 
fact of Miss lilies having thus da.nc«d with Mr. 



■ When nature has. happily, finished fipr Part, 

There is Work enough left for the Graces: 
•Tis harder to keep than to conquer the Heai't; 

We admire aud forget pretty Faces. 
In the School of the Graces, by Venus at- 
tended, 
Belinda improves ev'ry Hour; 
They tell her that Beauty itself may be 
mended. 
And shew her the use of her Pow r. 
They alone have insti-ucted the fortunate 






And the Language of Looks to express. 
They directed her Eye, they pointed the Dart, 

And have taught her a dangerous Skill; 
Poi' whether she uims at the Head or the 

Heart, 
She i-an wound if she pleases, or kill. 

wo is different. 
The humor of 

h ft ciifferenc'O. 




the plan of the valentine if the verses and the 
note had been in the same handwriting.'' 

We need not for our present purpose re- 
late how the existence of the two docu- 
ments came to the knowledge of Mr. 
Twisletou, and how he has been enabled 
to make public use of them. That the 
two documents were really sent bv Francis 
to Miss Giles no one can cutertaiD any 
reasonable doubt after perusing Mr. 
Twisleton's narrative, and one circum- 
stance, which we shall presently lay before 
ourreaders, places thefact beyond question. 
The conuection of these two documents 
with the invfsti-^'Jitiou into the hand- 
wiitiugof Junin- ;,nM ;tl,r,. The anony- 
mous uote is in 1 1 : i ; L. .>f Junius. 
This will be M . , I think, to 
anyone who L(ini|i n - m. i i— itmleof the 
uote with the l(u;-iiiiili.> ul Llic Junian 
Manuscripts, and is plactd beyond all 
question by the report of Mr. NethercUft, 
printed in the volume before us, in which 
he proves, by detailed reasonings, that the 
two must have been handwritten by the 
same person. As the anonymous note 
was in the handwriting of Junius, and as 
Francis had evidently sent it, it was taken 
for granted as a natural consequence that 
the anonymous verses were in the natural 
handwriting of Francis. This was at first 
the opinion ot Mr. Twisletou himself and 
of many other literary and legal gentlemen 
to whom he showed the verses, and it was 
confirmed by the external evidence and 
the tradition among the descendants of 
Mrs. King. But now cjmes the most 
interesting part of the story. Mr. Twisle- 
tou, whose caution and love of truth are 
most strikingly exhibited in every point of 
the investigation, would not finally adopt 
this conclusion till it had been verified by 
a professional expert. He accordingly 
applied to Mr. Netherclift, who had pre- 
viously examined the handwriting of the 
anonymous note, as we have already said; 
but finding that this gentleman, in conse- 
quence of a serious illness, could not under- 
take the investigation, he placed the case 
in the hands of Mr. Chabot, onother pro- 
fessional expert. Mr. Chabot, however, 
after comparing the vei-ses with the let- 
ters of Francis, pronounced an opinion 
directly contrary to what was expected. 
He maintained not only that he should not 
be justified in stating that the verses were 
in the handwritiLg of Francis, but he 
thought that he could prove the negative, 
viz , that Francis had not, and could 
not have, handwritten the verses; and in 
corroboration of this opinion he pointed 
out numerous peculiarities iu the verses 
which were not in the letters, and numer- 
ous peculiarities in the letters which were 
not in the verses. 

And here we may remark, in passing, 
that the conduct of Mr. Chabot on this 
occasion should he borne in mind by those 
who arc in the habit of indulging in in- 
sinuations against exper ts.* Mr. Chabot, 
* The following observations of Mr. Twisleton 

m'.,ni"; M^/'^iriV'' M .'"''^'ni''uiv','"'Mrntion: • tS 



aud particulars aie oie 
be asetrtainetl in wb 
pert" is used^— A'otf 
timrterly Review. 



in giving lliis opinion, showed his iode- ' 
pendente by opposing the views of the 
person by whom hewiis profesdionaUy em- 
ployed. In fact, the fane which he bad 
been called in to support seemed to have 
broken down in coofeequence of his evi- 
dence. Mr. Twisleton at once acquiesced 
in the professional opiuinn of Mr. Chabot; 
but recollecting from the riwntly pub- 
lished 'Life of Francis' that his cousin 
and familiar friend, Mr. Richard Tilgh- 
man, was with Francis at Bath when the 
verses were sent to Miss Giles, it Btruck 
Mr. Tvi'isleton that Francis might possibly 
have availea himself of the services of 
Tilghman as an amanuensis. Fortunately, 
in the letter book of Francis, which was 
in Mr. Twisleton's possession, there were 
six letters written to Francis by Tilgham. 
These were now submitted, together with 
the verses, to Mr. Ci-abot. who exprested 
his unhesitating conviction that the verses 
were in the handwriting of Tilgham, and 
embodied his opinion in one of the re- 
ports here printed. It would seem that 
Francis, wilh his usual caution, was un- 
willing to bring his own handwriting into 
any connection with that of Junius, and 
accordingly wrote the note himself in the 
Junian band, employing bis friend Tilgh- 
mon to copy the verses, who probably 
never saw the note. 

We have already referred our readers to 
Mr. TwislftonV narrative for the proof 
of the fsscntial point that the note and 
the verses came from Francis; but wc will 
now mention the circumstance to which 
we alluded, and which proves iucontest 
ably that Tiighnm was acquainted with 
the verses. In 1772 Francis, who was in 
Italy, wrote a letter to Dr. John Camp- 
pell, a leading Utti-ratcur of the day. He 
was evidently proud of this letter, and at- 
tached so much importance to it that he 
sent a copy of it to his friend Tilgham, 
who had returned to Philadelphia in 
America, of which place he was a native. 
The letter contains the following Latin 
epigram, which Francis wrote upon a 
marble lion in the Medici Palace: 
' Ungue ot'uloque minax. orisque horrendus 

Imperia in syl\is tristia solus babet. 
Hunc ciituli fugiunt, conjux. fulvique parentes, 
Vix domini gressus aiiserit umbra sequi.' 
Tilghman tuUy appreciated Francis's 
letter to Dr. Campbell, but. in regard to 
the epigram, he indulged in the following 
criticism in his reply: 'I have no objec- 
tion to the epigram of the old lion, pro- 
vided you will change the word "concep- 
tion" for " translation." or "imitation :" 
"He roared so loud and looked si wonth-ous 



I have written this, partly out of revenge, 
and partly to show my reading and knowl- 
edge of languages.' This criticism would 
be naturally unpalatable to Francis, who, 
accordingly, in a letter, which has not 
been preserved, seems to have waged 
battle for the originality of his epigram. 
Tilgham replied in the following letter, 
which ends with the quotation of the two 
first lines of the second stanza of the 

•My )H vk IYvn. 1-, 

1 ' ' i ■-' ■ packet of the 17th 

otJii^ 1 iiiiaoious of your epi- 

gram I ' <titi.'iid for it as if your 

repuiii'i.ii I- I !■ ■■ I .1. ]" dried on it. I did not 
condemn llii' coiiipdsitiou — 1 only said it was 
riginal. and 1 say so still ; "but yet I 



ready to allow yon can xveace originals, because 
"In the School of the Graces, by Venus a1 
tended, 
Belmdu improves ev'ry hour."' 
Upon this Mr. Twisleton remarks: 
'Now on on attentive considenition of tlii 
parn-r.^pli, it '^^"■n'.-l.-M- tli^f Til-.-hm^it Itin 

SelE>-aiUi..l I.. |.-j.H.i.,| ;,. Ih. ;,,:[!,. , .,| fl, 
two hll. - ■.,. .,-. 

tatinh . : 11. ■ M ■ ■..' II ■ I. 



mappropriat.' n 
two lines of In- ■ 
auposito, anit n 



da." At til.- -^n, I I I il.lv quoted 

these two pmti. i.i,i , u. n .r,, ,i i-atch of 
fancy iua plii\ ji l^L.i,l.-, h. ..ly U,at, as Be- 
linda, in the School ot tin- {Irjices, "impi-ov'd 
ev'ry hour." so Francis improved what he bor- 
rowed, and thus made his eonipositicns orig- 

Tho cirrumstances we have niu-rated 
above hiiviiig enabled Mr. Twisleton to 
tout the sagaeily and independence of Mr. 
Chabot. it occurred to him as probable 
that, if siitlicient materials were placed at 



Mr. Chabot"? disposid, he would be able to 
give a sound opinion of the much more 
important question whether Sir Philip 
Francis did or did not handwrite the let- 
ters of Junius. In regard to Francis, Mr. 
Twisleton procnred from a granddaughter 
of Sir Philip Francis, through Mr. Meri- 
vale, one of the two authors of the 'Life 
of Francis,' a letter book containing 
forty-two original letters written and sent 
by Francis to his brother-in-law or to his 
wife in the years from 1767 to 1771 in- 
clusive. And in regard to Junius, not 
only had the trustees of the British 
Museum recently purchased all the original 
letters and writings '>f Junius in the pos- 
sion of Mrs. Parkes, which had belonged 
first to Mr. Henry Dick Woodfall, and 
afterward to her late husband, Mr. Parkes, 
but Mr. Murray readily gave access to the 
original manuscripts of Junius to Mr. 
Greuville which were in his possession. 
Under thcs,' circiimslauccs Mr. Twislleton 
gave formal written instructions to Mr. 
Chabot 'that he shouUJ submit the hand- 
writing to Junius to a searching com- 
parison with the lettera of Sir Philip 
Francis, and should state, professionally, 
his opinion in writing whether the letters 
of Francis and Junius respectively were or 
were not writtou by the same hand.' 

Subsequently Mr. Twisleton requested 
Mr. Chabot to report whether the negative 
could or could not be proved respecting 
Lady Temnle and Lord George Sackville, 
ns well as" the affirmative respecting Sir 
Philip Francis. This request was sug- 
gested to Mr. Twisleton by what had 
passed respecting the anonymous verses, 
when Mr. Chabot had negatived Francis's 
claim before Tilgham had been discovered 
as their handwriter; and it seemed to Mr. 
Twisleton interesting to ascertain whether 
there were or were not any habits or pe- 
culiarities of writing in Lady Temple or 
Lord George SacKville which appeared to 
Mr. Chabot mcompaiible, or not easily to 
be reconciled, with habits or peculiarities 
in the handwriting of Junius. 

The result is contained in two elaborate 
reports, occupying 197 quarto pages, one 
on the haudwritiug of Sir Philip Francis, 
and the other on the handwritings of Lady 
Temple, Lord George Sackville and others. 
These are followed by facsimiles, taken 
by photo- lithography, of the letters of 
Junius and of the proof sheets of these let- 
ters, as well as by similar facsimiles of the 
lettfi-s of Sir Philip Francis and of the 
other persons to whom the authorship of 
the Junian Letters has been at various 
times ascribed. Thus we have an amount 
of evidence which has never previously 
been presented to the public, and, indeed, 
as far as Frances is concerned, all the fac- 
similes of his autographs which have been 
published in 'Junius Identified,' in the 
' Chatham Correspondence ' and in the 
' Memoirs of Sir P. Francis ' do not, com- 
bined, quite equal in the number of words 
the first letter of Francis contained in the 
volume before us. 

There is one peculiar feature in these 
reports to which Mr. Twisleton directs 
spe • ■ 



they thus deser\i- ! ■ r , i ..i-. 
ordinary attention 
lish reports with iln. - lui.^ .i. -m-- 1 1 
elusions should in uu 1'..^|.^^l Iji. ,i 
gi'ounds of mere autlioiity, luil 
sliould be judged of entirely by 1 



Jean Ingelow has suffered such annov- 
ance of late years from the constant and 
urgent applications of autograph collectora 
that she has at length decided upon a plan 
by which she hopes to satisfy them all 
and to serve a particular private purpose 
of her own. It certainly contains some 
elements of originality and interest. She 
has been for a long time interested in 
securing the necessary funds for restoring 
and repairing the old St. Lawrence Church, 
at Evesham. England, of which her 
brother-in-law is rector. Believing that 
hei many admirers if they value her auto- 
graphs highly ought to be willing to pay 
something for them, especially when the 
money is to be devoted to a charitable 
purpose, Miss Ingelow has made a large 
number of copies of her favorite poems, 
dating and signing each with her name, 



and has placed them in the hands of her 
American publishers, Messrs. Roberts 
Brothers, of Boston, to be sold at $2 each 
to whomsoever may desire them. I looked 
over several of these a few days since, and 
noticed in particular numerous copies of 
"When Sparrows Build." They arc all 
cooied neatly and with considerable care. 
Miss Ingelow wishes all autograph col- 
lectors to know that these manuscript 
poems may be obtained from the publishers 
at the price fixed, and when this supply is 
exhausted she is willing and ready to 
supply more on the same basis. Slie 
states, moreover, that she will hert-after 
disregard all applications for her auto- 
graph. — Boston Journal. 

Origin of Alphabets. 



When a child cries the lips are apart 
and form, at each side of the mouth, a 
sharp angle, with sides of about etiual 
length. The sounds of the crying are those 
assigned to the first letter of almost every 
alphabet. The arrow-headed or wedge- 
shaped characters in use among the old 
Babylonians and Persians till the time of 
the great Alexander's Asiatic conquests 
were copied from the human mouth. By 
means of different combinations these 
wedges or A's were made to represent con- 
sonant as well as vowel sounds. But the 
entire alphabet is made up of these wedges. 
It required many generations, probably, 
to advance from A to B, Now, look at a 
child's face, sideways, when the lips are 
shut, and you see a natural B. Put these 
two letters together and we have nh, 
which by being doubled gives ahha, the old 
Eastern word for father. A slight modi- 
fication gives am, then amma, the old 
Eastern form of mama or mamma in the 
West, just as ahba was changed into papa 
and pope or holy father. The arrow-heads 
had served to record the history, the 
literature, the religion of the mighty em- 
pires — the old Assyrian, Median and Per- 
sian. They were traced mostly on bricks. 
Paper bad not yet been so much as dreamed 
of. 

From A and B (Alpha and Beta^ a com- 
prehensive scheme of phonetic characters 
must be worked out before the leaf or rind 
of papyrus can be used for writing on. 
The lip letters, M and P, softened into F 
and V, which last was vocalized as U, are 
modifications merely of B. We may safely 
say the same of the dental D, softened 
into T, which gave rise to S. A series of 
characters was gradually worked out, and 
the time came when Cadmus, the man 
from the East, brought an alphabet of six- 
teen letters from Phccnicia into Greece. 
Cadmus, looked at as an individual man, 
dwindles to a myth — a shadow. He ex- 
presses in legendary form the outcome of 
a long train of almost forgotten facts. 
These sixteen letters were expanded by 
the Greeks to twenty-four. Light wooden 
tablets covered with wax for writing on 
were adopted. But the pen was still of 
solid iron, like a pencil, sharp at one end, 
with a flat circular head at the other for 
blotting out, when desired, what had 
been written with the point, These tab- 
lets were fastened together at the back by 
wires, so that they opened and shut like 
our books. For important documents the 
edges of the tablets were pierced with 
holes, through which a triple thread was 
passed and then sealed. It is to this custom 
that allusion is made in the Apocalypse — 
"close sealed with seven seals." This 
Apocalyptic book was "written within 
and on the back," The ancients used to 
write on the front side only — even after 
they had given up wooden tablets in favor 
of papyrus and parchment. The back 
was generally stained saffron or yellow. 

The old Italians, too, of prehistoric age. 
got au alphabet from the East. The letters 
were extended and modified until they 
became very different in form from those 
of Greece. But it is remarkable that A. 
B. and O survive all changes. They are 
copies of the mouth when emitting the 



sounds assigned them. Modern typog- 
raphy has, no doubt, greatly improved the 
rude, early scrawl, such as may etill be 
seen on old gi-avestones. The old Phoeni- 
cian and old Hebrew Aleph has not the 
same position as our modern A. It is 
almost horizontal, with a nearly perpen- 
dicular line drawn across the angle formed 
by the sides of the letter. The later 
Roman alphabet was spread by Roman 
conquest. Our Anglo-Saxon forefathers 
at length adopted it. They managed to 
get up a sort of literature. But the age of 
pocket dictionaries, handy volumes, the 
daily or even weekly newspapers was still 
a long way off. Art and discovery have 
still a long apprenticeship before we can 
inundate our post offices with valentines, 
or photograph instantaneously on paper 
the tail of some mighty comet. — Lotiann 
Stutiontry Jtfpieww. 



One Man's Way of Beating 
Forgers. 

"There, I've got it down fine at last, 
and no mistake, and one of Philadelphia's 
best known business men laid his pen 
down with a sigh of relief and hastily 
blotted his name on a check with a blotter. 
" Got what down?" asked a visitor. "A 
new wrinkle adopted by merchants and 
others to pi event their names from being 
forged to checks. It's this way, and 
after sig.iing my name I turn the pen up 
and draw a long line through it from right 
to left, and it looks as if the name had 
been canceled. The peculiar little twirl 
at the end where the long hne of the pen 
commences is where the forger of a man's 
name gets left. He doesn't tumble to it, 
so to speak, but the cashiers of the banks 
where I do business do, and they know 
instantly whether the signature is genuine 
or not. You see, also, this line drawn 
through the name makes the check look 
as if it was no good in case it is lost, and 
the finder will not present it for collec- 
tion. It's a great idea and is being adopted 
by many business men of the city. Of 
course we have to explain it to the bank 
people, who, once they know it, have no 
further trouble with us over it. But the 
hardest of it is the practicing to get it 
down fine, and it takes some little work 
to do so," and he gazed proudly at the un- 
sightly line drawn through his name at 
the bottom of a check for $7000.— Phila. 
Paper. 

A $225,000 Schoolhouse. 

The School Board of Mannheim, in 
Baden, Germany, claims to have the model 
common schoolhouse of the world. The 
building has just been completed at an ex- 
pense of $225,000. It contains forty-two 
ordinary schoolrooms, two rooms for draw- 
ing, two for singing, two for handwork, a 
large gymnasium, a hall for public exer- 
cises, two meeting rooms for directors, 
two sets of rooms for servants, and lOur 
little prison cells for refractory pupils. 
The materials in the structure are almost 
exclusively iron and brick. The ceilings 
of all the rooms, corridors and the big 
hall are of concrete. The floors of the 
class rooms are hard wood laid on asphalt. 
They are supposed to hv so constructed as 
to render thu accininilation of dust and 
the breeding of bacteria impossible. The 
building is heated by a low pressure steam 
system. In the basement are swimming 
baths. The boys' bath accommodates 
twenty at once, and the girls' bath fifteen. 
Half of the basement is ahuge, bright room, 
full of tables and chairs. Here in winter 
900 poor children will receive a half pint 
of milk and a roll each daily for luncheon. 
In the ninety winter days during which 
this arrangement will prevail the directors 
estimate that they will give away 30,250 
quarts of milk and 81,000 rolls. 

$2,900 lor n OolumbUM LelliT 

The Boston Public Library bought a 
translation of one of Columbus's letters by 
Leander de Cosco, published at Rome in 
1493, for 12900, at the sale of S. L. M. 
Barlow's collection. Also Eliot's " Prog- 
ress of the Gospel " published in 1G55. for 
$300, and Gardyncr's " Description of the 
New World," published in London in loai, 
for *I40. 



Fred. Irland. the noted speed writer (Ora- 
ham), drops into the late Mr. McElbone's plaoo 
as one of the official stenographic repoi-ters of 
the House of Representatives, We believe the 



THE PENMAN'S LEISURE HOUR. 




Ej-pculftt 61/, G. »r. Tcinplf, of Temple <e Bamilton Busuwss College,' San A ntonio.'J'ixas.— Photo-Engraved. 



Points on Position. 



HANDLER H. 
IM EJtCE, of 
K'l'oktik, Iowa, 




he has tf> sav ix-mtiv 

a good position aod the 

ing jt. 

It is 80 easy to do wroog that organized 
cfTort, coupled vitb inccssaot repetition, is 
obligatory where right prevails. The 
verdancy of youth clings to old age in 
some form, if frequent opportunity is not 

It is niitiir:il iM .].. !■, :, 1 1 is natural 

to he vcrti.'dii. \ > li uilj- lujplii-s training, 

the will power is not strong enough to 
withstand severe strains, then opportunity 
is of no avail. The inability to hold one's 
sell up to a certain standard is a positive 
prevention for progress. 

Sitting, standing or walking in a b:id 
position continually will produce an effect 
not to be oITset by many other desirable 
qualities. Hound shoulders arc very try- 
ing upon good looks. The appearance we 
make determines in a measure our destiny. 
Besides the neutralizing effect, a bad 
position destroys the chances for the beat 
results. This in itself ought tn spur am- 
bitious aspirants at all times. Beyond this 
may we nbt look upoiKits demomlizing in- 
fluence to the health of all those who lead 
a sedentary life? What per ceut. of our 
population undergoes contjueraent suf- 
ficieut to destroy tnese desirable qualities? 
Should not the children of our public 
schools be instructed so that they may 
know the final solution of the problpm? 
A good position is better than a bad one, 
and for the reasons stated should be main- 
tained. The mere telling is not enough. 
Heiison, supplemented with living exam- 



. aloi 



'ill \ 



Tiue, indeed, the correct position for 
pupils in the lower grades, where form is of 
vital importance, is not as essential as where 
movement is tiught. Writing done with 
the lingers is not dependent on a good 
position. Tencheri who are forever harp- 
ing on position neglect many other things 
much more valuable, while the willowy 
forms are acquiring the outlines of letters. 
One of the chief causes forjjoor position of 
body, fi'ot, arms, wrists, hands and fingers, 
is, attempting the execution of work 
which is in no way suited to the caliber of 
the child. The thing attempted should 
be comparatively easy fur the child to per- 
form. This leads us lo the consideration 
of individual instruction and individual 
advancement. 

Considering everything, the right side 
to the desk is the best. The average 
school desk is shallow and will not admit 
of the right obliq'ie position being taken 
Were the desks siitiiciently wide, I would 
insist upon the right side to the desk for 
all lower grade pupils, because uniformity 
is secured easier, with less liability to bend 
the spiiie. In attempting to secure a fair 
jiosition (in lower grades) do not electrify 
the class with too frequent anuou ice- 
rncnts. In ca.se the child forgets too 
easily and too often after personal request, 
have the child stand for a few lemons and 
write on slate. The (wsition where move- 
ment is taught and learned must be re- 
garded lis of vital importance. So neces- 
sary is it that the pupil must first adjust 
himself to the desk. If the desk is too 
lii-li. change to lower. If this is imprac- 
ticahlc. place enough books on the seat to 
elev'to one to a sufficient bight. As long 
w the forearm is is more than an easy dis. 



POINTS FROM LIVE TEACHERS. 



taoce from the body, and the weight too 
great, because of the shoulder pressing 
down, it is useles.s to practice at all. Half 
the discouragements come from attempting 
impossibilities, which of course, as a rule, 
are based upon verdancy or ijinorance. 
Performers on the piano are so particular 
that they never lose sight of the position. 
School desks are as a rule loo high. There 
is uo better adjustment than the remedy 
offered. At all hazards remember, secure 
the best possible position under ihe circum- 
stances. 

If results are not always achieved don't 
hlamc the pupil at all times. Rem>-mber, 
also, that scientific teaching is not a drug 
on the market and that there must be in- 
stances where the motive power is at fault. 
Touchers are not necessarily angels any 
more than some pupils; neither are they 
expected to know specitically about every 
subject taught, and for this reason I am 
attempting to do my part about that 
which I am supposed to know. 

If the first finger of any child is so 
weak as to be drawn above end of thumb 
in the process of writing, I would insist 
upon placing pencil or holder between the 
tirst and second fingers. " Of the two evils 
choose ye the least." 



Penmanship Exhibits. 



EniTon OF The Journal : 

Do any of the special teachers of pen- 
manship have exhibits of their work ? I 
wish I could hear from them and get new 
ideas for next year. I will do my part 
and tell as best I can, about the exhibit 
in Grand Haven, held during the last two 
weeks in June. 

Not having suitable space in any school 
building, a room was hired and made bright 
and attractive with all that we could borrow 
in the line of U. S. flags, large and small; 
flowering plants, bouquets in pretty vases, 
pictures (from school), odd table covers, 
etc. You know how much cau be done 
in decoration with the kindergarten work 
and the busy work of the primaries. 
Each department had its special table. 
The writing, the language work, the maps 
drawn, were each bound in handsome 
books tied with gay ribbons. The book 
covers were decorated by an "artistic'' 
pupil, if we could find one in the room; if 
not, a teacher *' who paints " would design 
her own, and perhaps that of some less 
gifted fellow teacher. 

Every room had two writing books con- 
taining ajjecimens from every pupil. 

The first writing book had been taken 
in the middle of the year, or when a cer- 
tain [lortion of the penmanship course had 
been completed. Writing book number 
two consisted of selections from the "Best 
Book " copies, taken in June, and on cuch 
pupil's specimen was fastened one that had 
been taken at the beginning of the year, 
thus comjiaring the two. 

All rooms had an illustrated language 
book — the character varied withthegrade 
Thus the eighth grade had compo.<;itions 
and school news written on large sheets, 
by editors chosen, in the form of a news- 
paper. Another grade had compositions on 
animals illustrated in color by each pupil. 

The skill of twelve of the best writers 
was shown in a calendar — a verse and the 
figures appropriate to each month being 
written. 

On the High School table were an 
herbaiiura from the Botany class; exami- 
nation papers from the Geometry class; 
diagrams in red ink ruling from the 
Grammar class; balance sheets, business 
papers, etc., from the bookkeeping class; 
written cards, with the names of each year's 



class, were arranged in pretty designs upon 
colored bristol board and tacked on the 

On a blackboard, borrowed from the 
office, were written such copies as were 
used in school by the writing teacher. 

On a low table some pupils from a pri- 



had 



ged 






work with shoe pegs. 

Asia nnd South America were modeled 
in sand, by fifth grade pupils. 

One table was given to kindergarten 
work, another to Prang's form study, as 
taught in one first grade room. 

On the largest table was spread ihe 
anatomical apparatus lately purchased in 
Liepsic, for the use of the high school. 

The room was in charge of the special 
teacher of penmanship, and was crowded 
day and evening by the childrtn and their 
parents and others interested in school 
work. Lucy E. Keu.ku. 

Gram/ Huvcn, Mich. 

[Here is an excellent idea. The Jouhmal 
would be pleased to hear from other teach- 
ers as to what is going on in other 
schools. — Ed.] 

Mal<ing a Business Penman. 

Prof. IVellH $a>M the Point Ik ti> Teat li 
PupllM lo do for Tlio»iHelvc». 

Somewhere near the middle of The 
Journal's report of the Business Educat- 
ors' Convention, published last month, a 
block o! the proceedings dropped out, as 
it were, with this result: An abstract of 
Mr. Hannum's excellent paper on teaching 
correspondence got labeled as Mr. Wells' 
paper on the difliculties of teaching pen- 
manship, which hapoened to be the por 
tiou omitted. The report would be in- 
complete without this paper, which made 
a decided impression on the convention as 
set forth last month. Mr. Wells said in 
part: 

The successful teacher heis many difficulties 
to encounter: sunie are real, othei-s imaginary, 
but sooner or later be is led to conclude that 
many of them are of his own building. This 
may be especially true with refei-ence to in- 
struction in penmanship, for it cannot be de- 
nied that as regards the development of imi- 
forni and successful methods of teaching, busi- 
nera writing has not kept pace with the other 
branches of our curriculum. 

In the early days of the profession, when the 
tendency was to allow penmanship to outrank 
bookkeeping and other studies, the former 
branch became unduly magnified, too great an 
importance attached to it, and nn impracticable 
if not impossible stiindaj-d of excellence in re- 
lation to the forms of letters was set up. And 
in attempting to faithfully follow out the tra- 
ditional lines which at that time were quite 
universally adopted, the average teacher has 
ever siiii . ) . i ii iii\ i.I\ . I 111 a hopeless struggle 
t-osctiii !■ ii lilts which has rarelv 






and that the v 



Mness expenence. 
'cogiiized the fact 



nth t 



given to this branch. 

The usual answer to the question imder dis- 
cussion is that the most serious difficulty is 
found among the innumerable bad habits 
growing out of a student's previous training 
and expprience; but as this constitutes a con 
ditjon instead of a theory, and presents nothinK 
which the skillful teacher cannot readily meet, 
it is in reality a wrong conclusion. 

It seems to me that the real question is not 
so much, " What cau a teacher do for a stu- 
dent f" as, " What can he be taught to do for 
himself *" We have too long attempted to 
carry a bmden which belongs to the student 
individually, and which be must ultimately 
work out in bis own experience and in harmony 
with his special surroundings. 

We know by experience exactly what we 
have to encounter, also what we are expected 
to accomplLsb by our instruction, but why it 
is that so much work accomplishes so little in 
the line of practical results remains a perplex- 
ing problem; and to this phas^ of the question 
I will try to limit myoelf. 



The attempt on the part of a teacher to 
determine in advance what the future style 
and cliaracter of the students' writing shall 
bp, leads both teacher and student mto innu- 
merable diflii'uUits. ami in the hght of my 
personal .xi-i 1 1* n- .■ r.iiistitutes the most 



■ business collies 
OS states as a fact 



the same idea expressed by Mr. Packard 
yesterday morning — namely, that no matter 
what form of writing may he taught, under 
ttie conditions and environments which sur- 
round a student in his business fxperienee, it 
must nearly all disappear. 

It becomes evident, therefore, that the boy's 
real business band must be developed through 
his own personal experience after he leaves the 
college, and the (guestiou occurs as to the possi- 
ble influence of that special tuition, which, by 
seeking in advance to establish a definite form 
of penmanship, places a limitation upon the 
very thing which many teachers believe will 
contribute most largely to his ultimate success, 
that is, facihty of exeetition. 8uch a thing as 
an ideal business bond cannot exist except as 
it relates to the individual who writes it. and 
it is idle to set up any standard for all to fol- 

It is not claimed that the colleges generally 
make business writers of their students, but it 
is evident that they are alilet<iprei>ari; them, so 

that tlK'v v:\\[ i\i\<\ -V- liiiTiinr iii'iTpi(il)le pen- 
in;; the I [IK --I ii'ii mill I lie r \\(. |ili.i-.i"- 111 forma- 

of these bel'Migs the credit of finally determin- 
ing the real inea.>^ure of success. 

I think the common mistake has been in 
placing too high a value upon the form of writ- 
ing as considered by itself. In its relation to 
the piuTJOses of business it is not necessarily 
eittier a science or an art. It may be safely 
considered simply as a habit, and in its appli- 
cation commercially, essentially as a habit of 
Teaching strictly from the basis 
difficulty need be encountered 
in developing thiough this medium the requi- 
site legibility, rapidity and uniformity, with 
formation considered always as a result and 

The true value of all jjenmanship instruction 
must lie in the application, hence the les'^on 
which fails (o provide the means for applying 
it directly to the forms of business loses much 

What a student does artistically in the writ- 
ing class may not indicate what be will do the 
next hour in his bookkeeping work, and cer- 
tainly cannot determine what be may do years 
afterwards wheu applying it commercially. 
The most serinus obstacle must be that which 
makes it most difficult to harmonize existing 
conditions as we find tbem in the raw recruit, 
and I believe that in the desire to teach him 
what we may consider an artistic or a model 
style, we are apt to lose the golden opportunity 
of properly equipping him to develop system- 
atically that which in time must in any event 
become his natural individual handwriting. 

I do not consider it necessai-y at this time to 
enter into details of instruction, for I cannot 
believe that any two capable teachers ever fol- 
lowed precisely the same lines. We have 
abundant evidence thattbeteachei"sof writing 
hei-p assembled are among the leaders in our 
profession, and that severally they are doing a 
high grade of work — each according to a 
method peculiarly his own , however, and which 
of necessity must have been developed through 
his own experience. 

But these i^ame teachers have long since 
learned that it is not safe to measure a man's 
teaching capacity by the fancied excellence of 
his penmanship, because they know that he 
must possess in connection with it, other and 
perhaps more important qualifications, and 
tliat an instructor who builds mainly upon an 
exact imitation of his own writing, however 
artistic it may be, necessarily restricts his use- 
fulness as a teacher. 

The need of tlie profession is really for fewer 
penmen nnd more teachers. The comitry is 
inundated with "Fresh ^rom the [jen " writers, 
but 1 believe it is the common expexience of 
managers that thoroughly competent teachers 
of this branch are hard to find— and I think 
this largely due to the fact, that fonns of letters 
instead of methods for teaching have been the 
chief elements of their ti'sining. There are, of 
course, many bright exceptions, but I am 
forced to believe that in direct ratio as they 
tiecomo artistic and fresh from the pen, they 
are apt to lose their value as instructors, 

However much a manager may admire a 
good h«nd, ho prefers to be assured tbat a 



good hpari directs it. I sball assume, in con- 
(.■]uKioD, tbat tht most sei-ious difficulty tbe 
liUBiui:«s college teacher has to encounter iii 
leacbiog writing may be of his own creation, 
and suggest, floally, that iDRtead of att«mpt- 
ing to mak" out of every student a definite 
type of penman, be shall put him in the way of 
self-development on the broad lines of his own 
I>er80Dahty. Making use of that force, which 
may be found in a well disciplined arm action, 
to bring out and establish the elements of bis 
natural handwriting. Seek to modify this in 
conformity with the eslBblished forms ot 
script to any extent you please, so long as it 
does not interfere with ready execution, or 
limit its direct application to the daily lesson 
record on the business forms. Teach penman- 
ship as you would any other branch, naturally, 
not artificnlly, and many of your fancied diffi- 
culties will disappeur. 

Idelle Wiseman, teacher of penmanship in 
the schools of Colorado Springs, Col., would 
like to have teachers of larger experience an- 
swer through The Journal the question: " In 
What Grade Shoukl Ink be Introduced I" We 
should be pleased to give space to brief com- 
munications on that subject. 



Drift. 



The Journal, in its report of the B. E. A. 
convention, has certainly done a good thing in 
behalf of our association. The work of the 
Chautauqua meeting is presented in a novel, 
tei-se and very interesting way. You may al- 
ways depend on my school to support yoiu- 
paper.— W. H Sadler, Sadler's Bus. College, 
Baltimore. 

Your treatment of the B. E. A. convention 
is a very enterprising bit of journalism, and 
cannot fail to promote the interests of Tui; 
Penman's Art Journal.. Personally and as 
a Lommercial teacher I thank you for it. — L, 
L. Williams, Rochester Bus. University. 

Allow nie to congratulate you on your in- 
teresting report of the B. E. A.— H. T. 
Loomis. Spenceriau Bus. Coll., Cleveland, 
Ohio. 

The joui-nalistic enterprise shown in the Sep- 
tember JoDRfJAL is admii-able. It ought to 
help The Journal, and I believe it will. 
Count on me to do anything 1 can.— S. S. 
Packard, Packard's Bus. College, New York, 

Mrs. Spencer and I ai-e much pleased with 
Tbe Journal's report of the B. E A. meet- 
ing, and earnestly think you for it. We think 
it will help to secure a much larger attend- 
ance there next yeai-. I think the members 
of the B. E. A. are all friends of The 
Journal, and while the majority of them are 
chifcfly interested in business writing, they 
expect in The Journal the depai'tments of 
pen drawing, floui-ishos, etc. Its use necessarily^ 
extends to all department of penmanship. I 
have observed that a youth who continues 
bis subscription to The Journal develops 
into a fine penman under its inspirations 
and teaching. I have been saying this to 
my students and we expect to secuie sub- 
scribei-s from the fine lot of youug men and 
women now coming in. — H . C. Spencer, 
Speucerian Bus College, Washington. 

I was extremely well pleased with tbe ac- 
count given of the B. E. A. convention in 
the September issue, and think it is far tbe 
best written-up of any convention we havp 
yet had. The illustrations are also timely 
and appropriate.— W, J. Kinsley, Western 
Normal School, Shenandoah, Iowa. 

Your views iu tbe current number of 
The Journal regarding flom-ished speci- 
mens meet my coiicui-rence m every par_ 
ticular. It is most disagreeable to a general 
all-round penman to imply that be doesn't 
know wben to put nn an ornamental specimen* 
aud equally us well when plain, pi-actical busi- 
ness writing is called for. Your editorial 
covered the ground thoroughly, — i*'. E. Cook, 
Stockton, Cat., Bus. Coll. 

Itis with pleasui'e that I commend the course <<! 
The Penman's Art Journal in promoting thi- 
iutei-ests of business colleges in the highest and 
best sense. This does not mean that I always find 
myiielf entirely in accord with all that appeni-s 
in its pages, but I can always appreciate the 
good motive which seems to underlie its every 
effort iu the interests of business education. In 
regard to tbu Huui iahed specimens which ap- 
pear from tiinr 111 liriii' in u> pages, I believe 
that they biivi Ijl.1 a rii..! < \. < ll.-ul influence in 

arousing nil mm :ti | . 'unauship. While. 

iu my opininii, ilif-i' luivr iLu |>li»ce in regular 
business college work, I do believe that their 
influence has been exceptionally good inai-ous- 
iug an interest in penmanship. I do no orna- 
mental pen work ; teach simply plain writing, 
but I can t*^tify out of my own experience to 
the inspiration I have received from the very 
flue specimens of penmanship which have ap- 
peared in The Journal. As the iiaper en- 



HINTS FOR HOME LEARNERS. 



Crandle's Copies for October. 







Example for Practice in Connection witli Kibbe's Lesson. 




deavore to cover the whole field of penmanship, 
it seems to me that it has given ornamental 
work nothing more than its due share of atten- 
tion. It is not because papers have published 
these specimens that there is an objection to 
this kind of work, but because so many pen- 
men exercise poor judgment in using this work 
as teachers.- G. W. Miner, Miner's Com. Coll., 



Can 



n. 111. 



1 am satisfied that The Journal is the best 
inde[>endent exponent of business education 
we have, and it certainly should receive a 
liberal support from the business colleges. As 
a member of the B, E. A. I desire to thank you 
for the very liberal and newsy report you gave 
of the Chautauqua meeting. Such a report is 
undoubtedly of ^reat advantage to the associa- 
tion and Indirectly to the cause of business 
education. I wish to say that I am exceed- 



ingly pleased with tbe recent improvement in 
The Journal. It is the best value for a 
dollar I know of.— iV. E. Gallagher, Canada 
Bus. Coll. Hamilton, Ont. 

Your Conpendium has been received, aud is, 
in my estimaticn, the finest work of the kind 
ever published. — IK H. Oaitee, Marietta. 0. 

We are still giving the Compendium as a 
special premium for a club of ten subscrip- 
tions, each with regular premium, at Jl each. 
For a penworker to try to do without it is 
about like studying the stars through a pair of 
spectacles. Price, $5. 



Porous glass for window panes has been pro- 
duced m Paris. Theporesare toofinetoadmit 
a draft, but assist in ventilation. 



Lessons in Business Writing. 



Having practiced all tlie : 
ercises in previous lessons, I take it that 
you have a good control of the band, and 
will make the exercises in this lesson a 
little more advanced. In making the capi- 
tal S exercise, slide tbe hand, and after 
making one letter, keep up a steady motion 
of the hand until the line is filled. Strive 
to retain the shape of the letter. When 
you come to the X. fill the line with the 
first part of the letter, then go back and 
add the finish. 

The extended C exorcise gives a splen- 
did movement drill; practice it faithfully. 
The six names given for copies in this les- 
son will afford you a superior drill in the 
line of combining initials. One of the 
most practical accomplishments in busi- 
ness writing is the ability to skillfully 
combine capitals, and I trust the pupils of 
this class will surpass in this line. Don't 
allow the combinations to take too much 
time from the business form; give it con- 
tinued practice. 

Review the copies in previous lessons. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 



XX VII. 

Pleasing effects are easily secured by 
working with black aud white on gray 
bristol hoard, and we give an example of 
this class of work in the present lesson. 
For the white take the moist water-color 
paint sold iu tubes and reduce it with 
water until it will flow from a pen. For 
flourishing it will need to be reduced a 
little more than for drawing. For effects 
in lettering complete the black portion 
and finish with the white, as the black 
will not work well over the white. In 
the tint behind letters make the long 
strokes first, working toward the letters 
and always to the right of a previous line. 
The last line of lettering is easily and 
rapidly made with a broad pea, and the 
style will be found very practical for en- 
grossing. A complete alphabet of this 
style will be sent from The Jouknal 
office for 10 cents. 



More Short Sentences. 

A correspondent of Browne's Phono- 
graphic Week!)/ supplements The Jomt- 
nal's shortest sentence containing all the 
letters of the alphabet (Pack my box with 
five dozen liquor jugs), with various 
others as follows: 

brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 



Ouick wafcir 



/. bla. 



ved ju; 



, flock i 



ickly \ 



Quiet black Jew gave Fox s prized hymn. 

The Jouknal's sentence (not the Al- 
bany Argus\ as stated) contains two sur- 
plus o's and i's and one each c and u. It 
has a merit conspicuously absent from all 
the above except the first — that of being 
more than a mere jumble of words, a con- 
nected sentence, though we are not pre- 
pared to father the sentiment. The third 
sentence given above is briefer by three 
letters, having only three duplicates. For 
obvious leasouH proper names should not 
enter into a sentence of this kind. These 
brief sentences afford excellent practice 
for the typewriter operator. 



When cremation comes to be the fashion we 
shall be able to do up our obituaries in some- 
thing like this style : 
February 2, 1887, Cre- j 

November i^. I'JlO. M -ated. 

April 17, 19HSI, Crem- ) 

—Springfield (Mass.) Union. 

" Soapy " Woods visited the Ridge last week 
iu tbe interests of the Morse Soap Co., of 
Toronto. The sample cake which bte left at the 
Hitule office is b<-iuK exhibited about town by 
the benif.'lit^'d pi nprietor of that alleged journal 
as a curious mineral specinien —Gopher IHdye 



Ban 



The Round Table. 




toredit and Patrhe* o 

[Iniliat by C. M. Wiener.^ 

) N Q U I L L wishes to 

say \u TltE JoiTRKAI, 
ri M'irt-s (liat he's glad 
I be vaciition half issue 
iiod the long con- 
vention reports are 
through with> because 
they crowd him out, 
and he doesu't like to be treated in that 
way, Be«ides, it results in such an ac- 
cumulation of material that no one knows 
when it all will ever get in print. 

Here is a bright bit from a great Scotch 
periodical, whom you all know by name, 
Chnmherg" Journal. On this side of the 
ocean we have no penny bottles of ink, 
but anyone may buy a large bottle for a 
nickel, and the dealer's price for this bottle 
probably exceeds the value of an English 
penny very little if any. 

It is a wet and windy day, cold ana 
cheerless, during the season that is known 
in England as Summer. We have called 
for paper, pen and ink. Even the laud- 
lady of the lodgings has admitted her 
poverty in this particular, and the do- 
mestic has been dispatched through the 
rain to the nearest stationer's; and she has 
returned with a small bottle of ink and a 
pen and holder, for which she bad laid 
out one penny. 

The letter is written, and lies ready to 
be dispatched. As the rain coutinuea to 
fall, the recent purchase comes under 
notice. A penny bottle of ink ! There 
can be nothing remarkable in so common- 
place an article. Have we not seen them in 
the stationers' shops, heaped together in 
the corner of the window or on a back 
shelf — rough, dingy, uninviting objects ! 
Why waste a moment of time or a passing 
thought over such merchandise ? But the 
rain keeps us within doors, and affords an 
excuse, in the absence of other amuse- 
ment, for turning to this humble penny- 
Whatever else it may he. it cannot with 
justice be classed as a dear purchase. The 
shopkeeper presumably made a profit on 
the sale, the manufacturer also benefited, 
and most likely there was a middleman, 
who has not gone unrewarded. It would 
appear that our purchase of this small bot- 
tle has assured a monetary profit to two, if 
not three, tradesmen. When we come to 
think of it, there must be many others who 
have shared in our penny. When examined 
in order, we find : The bottle; the ink. 
black and fluid, and exceedingly pleasant 
for writing; a cork sealed with wax; a 
printed label, covering a slot in the bottle 
in which rests a wooden pen-holder, 
containing a good steel nib. Thus we 
have six articles, each one from a differ- 
ent source, brought together and retailed 
for one penny. How can it be done for the 
money ? Perhaps, if we examine still closer, 
we may get some insight into the secret, 
though to fathom it completely must neces- 
sarily be beyond us. 

The glass of the bottle is of the cheapest 
quality. It is evidently made of " cullet " 
—a technical term for broken windows, 
tumblers, bottles, and every description of 
fractured ghiss. The molds have taxed a 
more than ordinary intelligence. It needs 
a rare mechanical mind to produce even a 
common bottle mold. The pattern maker, 
the iron founder, and the mechauic who 
finishes the rough castinqs, have all 
brought their special tact and knowledge 
to bear beforeasiugle bottle could be pro- 
Next, the ink. The " unspeakable 
Turks " have stripped their oak trees of 
the gall nuts, of which all black inks 
worthy the name are made; the hardy 
north countrymen on the Tyue have fur- 



GENERAL MISCELLANY 



nished the best copperas; there are brokers, 
dealers and drysalters, with their clerks, 
porters and the dock laborers; there are 
the chemist, who blends the chemicals, 
and the ink boilers, who have made the 
ink; there are the men, hoys or girls who 
pour it into these small bottles and in 
other ways prepare it for sale — every one 
of whom has had a portion of our penny. 

The cork is so small as almost to escape 
notice. Workmen have stripped the bark 
from the cork tree after ten years' growth; 
other brokers have sold it at public auc- 
tion; the skillful cutter has shaped it with 
bis sharp knife — and all these have found 
their reward in a portion of our penny. 

If the cork was small, what shall i)e 
said of the seal upon it 'i In this minute 
dab of wax we have rosin from America, 
shellac from India, a pigment for color 
and other ingredients known only in the 
mystery of wax making. These — not for- 
getting the manipulator's wages — have all 
been paid out of our penny. 

The label suggests the paper makers, 
and we might go further back to the type 
founder and compositor, the printer aud 
the cutter out and gluer, each one partici- 
pating in our penny. 

Now for the pen and the holder. There 
is a handle of hard wood, a tip to hold a 
pen, and a steel nib. It would be hard to 
say where the wood came from — probably 
from Norway — or to conjecture through 
how many hands it passed before reaching 
the shaping machine, a beautifully con- 
structed piece mechanism, that splits aud 
fashions it into its present polished cylin- 
drical shape. The tip, or holder, has en- 
gaged the skill and intelligence of a tool 
maker, who has designed cutters to pierce 
the soft sheet steel, and other tools to bring 
it to its proper form — possibly through 
some half a dozen processes in heavy and 
costly presses. The steel itself has passed 
through many hands before reaching these 
artificers, and on leaving, passes through 
others to be hardened. The nib also owes 
its existence to the united labors of a 
similar army of workers — aud all these, 
every one, has had a portion of our penny. 

Though the portion claimed by each of 
the workers concerned in this bottle of ink 
must be exceedingly minute, the fact re- 
mains — the penny has paid them all. " It 
is the quantity that pays; " yet that which 
rules a thousand gross, regulates in its de- 
gree the single bottle drawn from the bulk. 
How many profits can our penny have paid? 
From first to last, here, there, everywhere, 
all over the world, are the workers, direct, 
and indirect, without whom our penny 
bottle of ink could not be. Who shall 
number them ? 

The rain is over, the sky is clearing; let 
us to the sands ! Stay 1 Take care of our 
purchase. Give it a place of honor on the 
mantelshelf. It deserves some considera- 
tion. Has it not beguiled a half hour that 
might have been tedious ? And it may be 
we, in our turn, have found one more profit 

JtrotPtttng's Tinjf Caligrnphy. 

A correspondent of the Boston Transcript 
gives the following: 

" Let me show you how fine I can write with 
the uttked eye,'' said Robert Browning to me. 
With some difficulty a comparatively good 
pen was foimd. "What shall I write you !" 
be said, turning to me. " Something quite 
new— original," I managed to stammer. He 
then wrote the following : 

Must we all die i 

We must die all. 

All die shall we. 

We shall die all. 
And so fine is it that it can he just covered 
by one's thumb nail. Following this is his 
autograph and the written remark that it Is 
MTitten with a good pen, but bad Ink, with the 
dat4j ; then presented it to me. He was very 



triumphant over our astonishment and praises, 
emd the (act that we all \xax\ to read it ivith the 

aid of a reading glass, and M further 

amused him by remarking that he was grow- 
ing so young that people meeting bim ou the 
street would soon begin to ask hiiu how his 
father. Robert Browning, was. 

As I take up the Uttle visiting card upon 
which the lines of the vei-se are so minutely 
written I wonder to myself if, while writing 
them. Browning thought of their meaning ; if 
it was but the echo of his own thoughts about 
himself and his approaching end ; were these 
woi-ds, " Must we all die ?" a sigh of regret 
from an old man's heart who feels that the end 



Portrnitv on Our Oreenbacka. 

The list of portraits on national cur- 
rency is as follows : On United States 
notes— 11, Washington; 2, Jefferson: 5, 
Jackson, 10. Webster; 20, Hamilton; 50, 
Franklin, 100, Lincoln; 500, General 
Mansfield; 1000, De Witt Clinton; .5000, 
Madison; 10,000, Jackson. On silver 
certificates, — 10, Robert Morris : 20, Com- 
modore Decatur; 50. Edward Everett; 
100, James Monroe; 500, Charles Sumner; 
1000. W. L. Marcy. On gold notes— 20, 
Garfield; 50, Silas Wright; 100, Thomas 
H. Benton; 500, Lincoln; 1000, Alex- 
ander Hamilton; 5000, James Madison; 
10,000, Andrew Jackson. 



Cyltnilera, 

A phonograph to record on two cylin- 
ders simultaneously, so that one may be 
retained as a file, or so that a message may 
be repeated from one cylinder to another, 
is one of the most recent improvements in 
this line. The construction is said to 
permit of listening to the record on one 
cylinder and simultaneously therewith 
dictating a reply to the other cylinder, or 
to allow two persons to dictate at the same 
time. It will also reproduce two Jike 
messages simultaneously, thereby greatly 
increasing the volume of sound, or a cylin- 
der bearing a record may be placed in the 
phonograph with one having no record, 
and the record be reproduced on the plain 
cylinder while the operator listens. This 
phonograph is a patented invention of Mr. 
James P, Magenis, of North Adams, Mass. 



Mr. Hugh Cochrane, of the Montreal 
Witness, sends Printers' Ink the two ad- 
vertisements which are given below, and 
which would seem to indicate that our 
friends across the border are not behind 
the rest of the advertising community in 
ingenuity, at least : 

This may look like poetry, but 
It only demonstrates how easily 

The eye may be deceived. The ear is 
Sometimes deceived by the cry of 

Low prices; and, when it refers to 
Photos, the eye detects the bungling 

Only after you have parted with your 
Good stufl and had a holy show 

Ma<lu of your features. If Kind 
Providence has bestowed facial comeli- 

Upon you, aud you expect further favors 
From K. P., then permit Brown, the 

Drayton Photo Artist, to embalm your 
Beauty in his Superior Cabinets before 

The "hen claws" settle around your eyes 
Thicker than snipe tracks m a mud flat. 

Why the I'ubllahers Jmvc Him 

There is a man in our town and he is 
wondrous wise; whene'er he writes the 
printer man he dotteth all his i's. Aud 
when he's dotteth all of them with great 
sangfroid and ease, he punctuates each 
paragraph, and crosses all his t's. Upon 



one side alone he writes, and never rolls 
his leaves; and from the man of ink a 
smile, and mark "insert " receives. And 
when a question he doth ask (taught wisely 
he hath been), he doth the goodly two-cent 
stamp, for postage back, put in. — Artist 
Printer. 



a^on 



'fdtr 



Germany and Austria intend to i 
the facilities of the postal traffic. Amounts 
of one gulden (Austrian money) or two 
marks (German money), or less, may be 
transmitted in future by buying postage 
stamps for the amount required, which 
are pasted on the back pf a card, where 
they are canceled at the post office, like 
the postage stamp on the front of a card 
which pays for the postage. The addresses 
of such a card takes it to his post office, 
and receives the amount indicated by the 
postage stamp on the back of his card. 



Eighteen words have come into the lan- 
guage — probably temporarily, most of 
them— to denotethe act or state of electric 
killing. They are us follows: 

Electromort, thanelectrize, thanatelec- 
trize, thanatelectrisis, electrophon, elec- 
tricise, electrotony, electrophony, elec- 
troctony, electroctasy, electricide, electro- 
pcenize, electrothenesc, electroed, electro- 
cution, fulraeii,! voltacuss, and electro- 
strike. 



A very smart chap has discovered that 
the most powerful king on earth is wor- 
l-in<j: the laziest king, bir king; the mean- 
est king, shir-king; the most disgusting, 
smir-kirig; and the most popular, smo- 
king; and the most disreputable, jo-king; 
and the thirstiest one, drin-kivg; and the 
slyest, win-king; and the most garrulous 
one, Uil-kiny. And there is the bac-king, 
whose trade's a perfect mine; the dark- 
skinned monarch blac-king, who cuts the 
greatest shine; not to speak of ran-king, 
whose title's out of the question ; or famous 
ruler ba-king, of good finance digestion. 

JONQDILL. 



I watched the < 



, purple, white and yel- 



Aud birds began to sing. 

But soon the crocus faded, and I 

When, lol the tulips came, 

Of brilliant red, and from the sun 

rowed 

Their glowing hearts of flame. 
And they, too, passed, but daisii-N i 

clover 
Clustered on bill and moor: 
And clematis and roses clambered o' 
The homes of rich and poor. 
And summer flowers gave way 



And dreamy goldenrod: 
Aud leaves unrivaled by 
Painted by hand of (}od. 



:-rowed, 
1 they bor- 



Early Masters, 
ttiia earth we love and 



cherish 
Will fade away in space." 
Take courage, heart! we changp, but do not 

perish, 
For Heaven will take its jdaee. 
—Sarah K Bolton, in Journal of Education, 

Boston. 

New readers of The Journal ai-e again rtn 
minded that a choice of several pi'emiums goes 
with each subscription taken at the price of 
?l. The notice embodying the detaiisof these 
premiums has been omitted from the past two 
or three issues on account of the pressure of 
space. Any one interested, wlio does not un- 
derstand the on-angemeut, may get the full 
particuIai-B by notifying us. 



FORLEISURE READING. 



ner Jaunt Abroad. 



Kutf> Hook. 

No. 1. — Amuiteinertts Afmtrtl Ship. 
Ok Board Stbambiiii* Devonia, .Tui.y 
17. Sevfn Days Out from New York.— 
Of all places fordownrifjht, warm hearted, 
whole souled sociality commeud me to five 
hundred passengers on shipboiird with a 
week between them and termjirma behind 
and two or three days in front. Seven more 
delightful days than we have enjoyed 
since leaving New York could not have 
been made to order. The passenger 
nhose eahtroDomy has lost its equilibrium 



clergyman, one of the passengers. All 
passengers were invited, including second 
cabin and steerage. 

I have jiist completed a tour of the ship. 
Upon the main deck is a large party en- 
gaged in the liveliest kind of a dance to 
music from a violin. In a commodious 
saloon bearing the legend "Music Room " 
is a large party at each end singing hymns 
and songs to the accompaniment of piano 
or organ, while just outside is a large 
gathering of second cabin passengers, ap- 
parently foreigners, singing songs and 
telling yarns in a variety of tongues. All 
about the spacious dining saloon are merry 
parties playing every sortof game at cards, 



ing Backward," "Robert Elsmcre" and 
kindred publications. 

Go now to the steerage, passing under 
the bridge, where at all hours, day and 
night, sunshine or storm, the "look-out" 
paces to and fro, sweeping the horizon con- 
stantly with his experienced eye, on the 
alert alike for danger, a friendly sail or a 
signal of distress. In the steerage is a 
throng of people, obviously from the very 
humblest walks of life, nearly all of foreign 
birth and apparently returning to their 
early homes. No chairs or couches for 
comfort are seen. Here a group is seated 
or reclining upon a pile of anchors and 
chains, others lie prostrate upon the floor 



f, //y^. 














^^^ 



Bff B. F, Crumft, Businesi Manager of the Caton National Business College, Buffalo, N. Y.— Photo-Engraved. 



must have been greatly predisposed that 
way; such indeed have been few. 

On the second day out we had an op- 
portunity to admire a thunder storm at 
sea. the peculiarity of which was that it 
appeared to form directly overhead. Al- 
most without warning there was a flash 
and report, and then a torrent came 
tumbling down from the zenith, while the 
entire circuit of the horizon was unflecked 
by a cloud. 

Upon two occasions schools of whales 
have been s--eu a short distance from the 
ship.spouting as if exhibiting for our enter- 
tainment. Numerous schools of porpoises 
have been passed. One came close along- 
side the ship, and forming a sort of guard 
on either side, kept us company for some 
time, constantly leaping from the water, 
and reminding me of a lot of frisky boys 
playing "leap frog." Apparently they 
enjoyed the race with the ship, in which 
they were easily the winners. When off 
the banks of Newfoundland we experi- 
enced a slight fog and a remarkable 
change in the temperature of the water, 
which fell in a few minutes from 72° to 48°. 
with a corresponding change in the atmos- 
phere. This was due, the capt:un said, to 
the proximity of icebergs. 

Yesterday wis Sunday, and at the usual 
hour services were conducted in the 
spacious dining room by a Presbyterian 



dominoes, checkers, etc. In the smoking 
room are a lot of jolly fellows smoking 
good cigars, playing poker and vieiug 
with each other in yarn telling. Some re- 
markably able lish prevarications were de- 
veloped as usual. I give one as a sample, 
told by an Irishman from Belfast on his 
way home from a trip to the West Indies: 
An arm of the sea in that locality was 
frequented by sharks. A native was 
challenged to swim across it for a large 
wager. Immediately after starting he saw, 
to his horror, a large shark approaching 
from the right and at the same time an- 
other came toward him from the left. The 
two sharks as they came near the swimmer 
caught sight each of the other, and so fear- 
ful were they that any motion to catch 
their prey would drive him to the ready 
jaws of the other that ni:itbcr made the 
attempt, but rather acted as escorts to the 
swimmer to the opposite shore, where he 
landed in safety, winning the wager. 

Upon the upper deck, under a large 
awning, in a wilderness of easy chairs 
of every conceivable device conducive to 
comfort, are couiiles and groups of con- 
genial mortals. Some are engaged in ani- 
mated discussion, others, especially the 
couples, apparently enraptured with their 
own blissful presence, sit in a silence more 
potent than words, while in nooks and 
aide-places are many absorbed in " Look- 



15,000 about thevear 1400; 5000 in 1500. and 
only afiOO in ISSO.' 

Students suspended from Kalamazoo Col- 
lege were refused admission at Albion Col- 
lege. 

Baron Hirsch, tbe well known financier, has 
pledged himself to a gift of JlO.OUOa month 
during bis bio time, and to a bequest which 
will priMiuce tbe same iueome after his death, 
for tbe assistance and education of Hebrew 
Jmmigrauts to the United States aud the 
techmcull raining of indigent young Hebrews 
already here. 

Tlie Tonic Sol fa system is in favor in the 



of the deck. Yet all are jolly and ap- 
parently enjoying the passage as well as 
their more favored fellows at the other end 
of the ship. In the lower cabin is tbe 
most hilarious mirth and the liveliest kind 
of a rustic dance, in which nearly all join. 
In the ball of the main rabin has just 
been posted a programme headed " Grand 
Concert at 8 p.m.'', consisting of instru- 
mental and vocal music, recitations, etc. 
Everybody seems on good terms and well 
pleased with everybody else, there is per- 
fect fraternization, and our ship with its 
500 passengers seems like a miuature 
world which knows only the bright 

EDUCATIONAL NOTES. 

[Contributions fur ibis Department may be 
ndclre.«aed to B- F, Kelley. olllce of The Pen- 
man's Aht JODRNAL. Urief educatioual iti'ms 
solicited.] 

The women college graduates of this couutry 
no^v uumtier three thousand. 



Brazil has wisely established an educational 
quaiiHcation foi- sulTiai^c 

The Univei-itv „x Aim .\ibor. Mich., on 
June a?, at W- iMh .-inin.-,i..iLii'iit, graduated 



After the invention of printing the altend- 
dinunished. Oxford bad 



1 A. B. and got a 

" AVrll N^'llie, what did youlearn 
I I. '.'■ I 1. ! - .11 three tickets for 



buy II ]ii ■ ■ 111 1' J I In Mi[ieriuieudeut, and — 
that iNimb l.iuil UiT AiU." 

School Ti:auher; " Now, Master Ku-by, sup- 
pose I should say ' I didn't have no fun at the 
picnic;' how would you go to work to correct 
nief" 

Master Kirby: " I sh'd say you'd better 
study grammar, teacher." 

"Now, children, who was the strongest i!" 
asked the Sunday school superintendent. 
"John h. SMmsnn'" yelled a Uttle fellow 
wbos*- !cri..\\ !i r)-,.-Ml MicL-i'd and profane history 



" John," said a New York school teacher to 
a boy who had come from the West. " you may 
parse the word 'town.'" 

"Town is a noun," said Johnny, "future 

"Think again," the teacher interrupted. 
" A ntmu couldn't be in the tuture tense.'' 

" I dou't know about towns out here," said 
Johnny, stoutly. " but half the towns where I 



FOR FUN. 



" Pa, what's the dead of night J" 
"Ghosts, I reckon."— /"wcfc. 
Chicago mau: " Wdl you marry me ?" 
Chicago woman (suspiciously) : Didn't I 
narry you once i " 
A scientific mau has discovered that the 
why a hen lays on egg is because a' 






end. — Washington 



CfU 

She: " Why, n hat on earth are you doing ? " 

He : ■' Why, don't you Itnow t Surely it is 
not possible that you do not know what hug- 
ging i!i"t—Terre Haute Express. 

Judge : " All the tools have not ceoaed to 
practice as attoraeys. I see." 

Lawyer : " No, vour honor, there are nut 
judgeships enough to provide for the whole of 

Ti-nrin* ■ " iniiilliiril. our house wall on one 
[,,i., I iiiselfeasy. Although 



-GUI 



' All aboard, 



At Cbalbam Squi 
Miss ; hurry up.'^ ,„ , , . 

Little (Jirl: "Just a mmute till 1 kiss 

Guard: " Jump aboard ; I'll attend to that.', 

Miss .4.: " I wonder why angels are always 
repres.^nted as women {'; 

MitsB.: "I guess it is because men never 
go to heaven." , j i» 

Miss A.— (with decision): "Then I don t 
WQUt to go there."— &'»"7A, (Jray tS Co. a 
Munthty. 

What did your father »ay when you 



told him V 



ngaged 1 



PENMAN'S Art Journal 



r Fulton St.). New York. 



Advertixing raUa, 30 cmts per wmparril 
Une. «'i.50 ptr inch, rack insertion. Oiscountn 
for term and »pace. Special estimates fur- 
ninhtd on application. No advertisements 
taken for lens than $3. 

Subscription : One year $1 ; one number 10 
e«nfji. i\-<' frft sfimjite.t except to bona fide 
aymti I'-h/- rn'- ■^•'•■"■rihprs.to aid them in 
iaki.u, ■■■■'■ . .u,>, .- 

F"M ' /. ' , . . 1^/ countries in Pas- 



York, October, 1890. 



nl MlHCcllany for Leisnrc Hondlm 



ittBES— Opinions of Uany fen- 

»i-iiiiik' ■!- TiLiLlii liy <»ur II UK. Co U 
IfKi-^ 1< 

spi-t'i II fM.in s|i..[n-irliiii l!ro9. College, CI 8 ve- 

KIlKbt iif ilir Moriirii AJ Horak— CaVtooni i>y G- 
End Plot'^8, ete . bv c. M. Wiener, the Jour- 



pVERY subscriber 


for THE 


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Works 






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Limesi for 


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plete, for the s 


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EDITORIAL COMMENT. 

y« C,u,flict htUrre- t.itrrary a».l Huni- 

TllE SALE OF 50,000 of Mr. Carucgie's 
jmmphlet coiiteudinj? that such nn 
education as ourgrejit literary and classical 
colleges provides is uot worth its cost to 
a youDg mau going into busiuess, while 
tho pamphlet comiwring the views of 
Dr. Depew, President Low of Columbia, 
and others in opposition has had scarcely 
any sale, has furnished a text for columns 
of highly edifying explanations in the 
educational press. The Journal oj Educa- 
tion in particular seems wrought up over 
"the humiliating fact," and after inquir- 
ing: "What does it mean?" owlisbly 
atiswcrs: "Many things," and turns a 
now paragraph with some of these things: 
The public enjoys an afigi-essive ratbor than 
a defensive article. It was a novel position tor 
any oi-deut Anierirao to take, and people 
wanted to see what hp had to say. wliile they 
nil know what was to be said on theotherbide. 



There is an mdeflaable sentiment that welromes 
Bpy ■' siap at tbecoUeges." There is a romance 
about Mr. Carnegie's success in America that 
is most fascinating. His utterance was the I 
liest advertised of anything tbat has appeared 
in a long time, thousands of papers comment- ' 
ing upon it, while very little reference was 
made to the replies. It " bad the pole" in the I 
race for popular favor, and won. just as the 
first man on the programme will be reported 
at length whether he says anything worth re- 
porting or not, while it is a matter of good 
luck if even a brilliant speech later on is men- 
tioned. It means that " business training " is | 



1 he responsibility for using the words must 
needs be put on some one else's shoulders 7 
Nearly a hundred thousand young Ameri- 
can citizens who are undergoing that 
process in our commercial schools would 
hardly hesitate to answer. 

The fact is. while the editor of the 
Journal of Edvcation is excusable for 
waiting at that "iudeSoable sentiment 
that welcomes any ' slap at the colleges,' " 
there is no excuse for him or any one else 
" slapping " at schools whose specialty 



Busy Scho<l. 




attracting public thought, and that judgment 
is not matured upon it, so that it is an open 
question. While the advantages of a college 
course are geofirally accepted, and no one 
cares for any restatement of them, on the 
principle that the deacon could sleep when his 
pastor preached because be knew it was all 
right, but was wide-awake when a stranger, 
whom he did not trust, was in the pulpit. 

There is nothing in the fact of the large sale 
of the Carnegie pamphlet that need cause any 
anxiety, as there was certamly nothing in the 
pamphlet itself that will do barm. It may 
help to bring the colleges to a realizing sense 
of the fact that some things have bappenfd 
since the days of Greece and Rome ; it may 
help to awaken some college nieu to the fact 
tbat college life is to be focused for real life, in 
which case it will do a deal of good rather than 
barm, as such vigorous presentation of any 
public matter is sure to benefit society. 

True enough, part of it, and especially 
this part: 

It means that " bi'siness training " is attract- 
ing public thought. 

Better have ended the sentence there 
and dispensed with the quotation marks. 
What excuse for them ? Is business traiu- 
ing so indefinite, so doubtful a thing that 



is training young men and women in 
business brunches. The time is past when 
an intelligent public will countenance 
"slaps" at a class of institutions that are 
equipping men and women for the re- 
sponsibilities of a commerical career. 

There is no conflict between the two 
classes of schools. Their orbits are in dif- 
ferent planes, and those who try to pro- 
duce the impression that any real antag- 
onism exists arc either ignorant or mis- 
guided. People who have the means and 
look forward to professional careers will 
no doubfcontinue to fill the literary col- 
leges. People whose opportunities are 
more restricted and who expect to work 
their way up in some commercial capacity 
will continue to think that a knowledge of 
accounting, commercial usage, ability to 
write a good hand, etc., are more indis- 
pensable to them than a knowledge of 
belles-lettres and Greek roots. There are 
enough of each kind to assure the pros 
perity of both the literary and commercial 
schools, but for obvious reasons the latter 
must appeal to the larger constituency. 




We have no doubt that Mr. Rider's state- 
ment, made at the Chautauqua convention, 
that the business college is the most popu- 
lar school in America to-day, is accurately 
true. Yet the "Father of Business Col- 
leges " is still alive. What mav we expect 
the second half century of their lite to 
bring forth ? 

Mn. HoMBU RuesEi-i., proprietor of 
Russell's Business College, .Joliet, III., tells 
The Journ ai. that thirty years ago he wrote 
to Henry Ward Becchcr asking advice as 
to the advisability of attending a business 
college, Mr. Becchcr replied advising 
him to do so, and the advice was taken, 
shaping the course of his life. The in- 
stitution that Mr, Kussell attended was 
Ames' Business College, Syracuse, con- 
ducted by the present editor of this paper. 
The general public knew much less about 
business cqllegcs thirty years ago than 
now, and ignorance is the mother of pre- 
judice. This fact makas the extracts from 
Mr, Beecher's letter, as given by Mr. 
Russell, all the more remaikable. Mr. 
Russell says that after reciting some of the 
objections and prejudices at that time 
current, the great preacher gave this ad- 
Whatever avocation you may choose in your 
life work, there can be no question but tbat 
the iirst step is to obtain a practical business 
education. This will be available in any 
calUng. As a resource, giving strength and 
confidence to the mind, it will come up to 
your aid every day of your life. I would 
further urge upon yoj the duty of keeping 
accounts. This is not performed by simply en- 
tering every penny spent, but of so balauciug 
receipts and expenditui'es that one may know 
every day precisely how he stands with the 
wiirid. It is wise for every young man to 
refuse to incur debt, and to oblige himself to 
keep a clear and minute account of every 
cent gained and spent. This habit once 
formed, it will be as easy to be methodical in 
money mattei-s as to be careless. Small as it 
mayseem, it will really exert a moral influence 
over your whole life. It is the foundation of 
a good business education. If you get along 
well in Ufe you will become so wonted to 
method and a clear understanding of nflairs 
that nothing will be left to chance. You will 
see just the road you are on and how far 
along you are. I want to emphasize the im- 
portance of a thorough knowledge of accounts. 
It is probable that with one-half of the busi- 
ness men of America that they keep their 
accounts in such a manner that tbey them- 
selves, or any one for them, could uot tell, 
without weeks or mouths of investigation, 
what their real standing is. This is what 
makes the settling of estates -such melancholy 
busiuess. All values seem to shrink, hundreds 
of tilings of importance to the estate were 
kept only in the man's head, and he dying the 
record of them is lost or is rewarded only liy 
long search. By all means attend a good 
business college. Your friend and well wisher, 
Henry W. Beecher. 
Brooklyn, Aiiffust 1, IBtiO. 






for 



to 



start another penman's paper ? The crop 
this year has been unusually poor. 

Our gifted BitoTiiEB at the wheel of 
the Acrouutant, Des Moines — the same 
thai so gracefully portrayed the graces of 
Bro. J . M . Meban , in the September 
.Journal — has a new claim to fame. This 
is the burden of the song of him which we 
tenderly transfer from the columns of our 
gifted contemporary : 

There caiuo to port last Sunday night. 

The queerest little craft. 
Without an inch of rigging on : 

I looked, and hio\md an<l laughed. 
It seemed so curious that she 

Should cross the unknown water. 
And moor herself right in my room, 

My daughter, O my daughter ! 
She has no manifest but thiN 
No flag floats o'er th. 



Ring out, wild bells, and t«me 

Ring out the lover's moon I 
Rin^ in the little worsted sock 

Rmg in the bib and spoon I 
Ringo 

My daughter, O uiy daughter 
From all of which we are uiost happy to 
inler that our gifted jraf'.r paragraphic 
will shine with equal effulgence in his 
new capacity as pater partyuric 



Was He Hypnotized? 



Under the above heading the following 
dispatch was published in the New York 
Sun of October 2 : 

Rochester. October 1.— G. Barstow .Tones, 
principal of the Jones Writing Academy, sud- 
denly disappeared from the city about a month 
ago, and bis friends accuse a phrenologist of 
oxprting a hypnotic influence over the writing 
master, causing him to be guilty of strijnge 
behavior for the past few months. They say 
that the pbreuologist was often heard making 
remarks to the effect that Jones had made an 
unsuitable marriage fi'om a physiological 
titaudpoint, intimating that a certain young 



good effects. Now, with tbe experience, 
and tbe improvements in chemicals, these 
restrictions are removed. He can photo- 
graph white ns well as black. The ca- 
pable artist prides himself on his ability to 
show the most delicate and elaborate lace- 
work on the bridal dress. 

With these restrictioos no longer neces- 
sary. I would say, wear your most becom- 
ing dress. 

Blue and pink will photograph white. 

Purple will ai)i)ear many shades lighter 
than it is in reality. 

Red and deep yellow appear black, or 
nearly so. 

Strong contrasts in dress or trimmings 
will give a gaudy effect. 



* What 



The others contain outline draw 
explains his woik in this way 
you see on them is done with i 
steel peu ou a piece of thin paper. The 
paper, when prepared, is pinned into » 
sand mold, iron is poured into the mold, 
and the writing is transferred to the cast- 
ing." The explanation is not quite so 
lucid as we could desire. " The paper, 
when prepared," may mean when written 
ou, or it may mean that it has to ba sub- 
jected to a secret process before the cast- 
ing can be made. In any event, it must 
come out, and the world may be made, as 
it has time and time again, richer by 
another apparently accidental discovery. — 



Writing as Taught by Our Business Colleges. 






-^^^Z'-t-ir-z^e^Z/ ^-cZ-'Z^^^^ 




C^'Pt^-t^ -^•^2'^^^ t-^'TT^^Z.^Z^ 






^CLcd-d^^ .-^^ 









one enterprising firm is concerned, and the 
reason of it is that they have met the condi- 
tions specified above. The sample boobs of 
commercial paper issiini! hy thnm miil adver- 
tised in The Joi'BXAL \v.w I" .'Tl .iiIiM.lv ex- 
baustwi.but a new.-.iH,..„ ,- I., ,„. „,,.„l,.fmd 
manynpplicantsn-ilil.es,rvr.lnia8li.,rlwhile. 
Anideaot theextentof thelinusdealiiii^s may 
be bad from its recent order to the mills for a 
carload of penmanship practice paper of very 
superior quality. This will be ready for de- 
livery thfi 15th inst. The Journal is glad to 
repeat what it has said several times before, 
that this firm are handling a ttioroughly honest 
and reliable grade of goods and ai-e turning 
out some of the most attractive specimens of 
school catalogues, circulars and general prints 
ing and stationery supplies that we have had 
the pleasure of seeing— and w© watch the field 
pretty closely. 



Rcnilnsion Typewriter Workn. 

The riion, N. Y., Nemn says: The 
Remington Typewriter Works are receiv- 
ing new machinery almost daily. The 
company is fully determined that the 
product must be 100 typewriters per day 
New and expensive machines arc being 
added to reach this result. Large drill 
presses, planers and latbej?, besides smaller 
power machines, are ordered and con- 
tinue to arrive. The output now is about 
500 typewriters per week, a gain of about 
150 in two weeks, and the demand is still 
unsatisfied. Tbe pressure for more is felt 
by every employee in the works. Floor 
space in the immense building is being 
carefully allotted to each machine as it 
arrives. It is a great business. The dis- 
bursement of about $5,000 to about 350 
families by the Remington Tyjiewriter 
Company every week, rain or shine, should 
make the citizens of Ilion justly proud of 
this industry. 

RlHlns PoetesAos— The Kind We Need. 

We have just been reading in the "so- 
ciety " column of a morning paper this 
interesting paragraph: 

"Miss is a young lady of great 

promise; indeed, she is a rising poetess," 

We are pleased to hear it. But the 
editor should have told us the hour at 
which she rises. It is to be hoped she 
rises in time to help her mother prepare 
breakfast and wash the dishes and prepare 
the potatoes for dinner. That's the kind 
of a rising poetess this country needs. — 
EpiBorth Herald, Chicago. 

A letter with the following address has 
just reached the post office at Cottage 
City : 

Mr. Postmaster, please let this letter pass 
To that beautiful place. Cottage City, Mass. 
In the county of Dukes said city lies 
A wonderful place for one of its size. 
Then send this along to Winifred V,, 
Near " Lover's Hock," on the shore by the sea. 
Do I hear you say my addi'ess won't do f 
Then put this in lork box :«:J. 



VO-^OO-f^yU 9- ^ 



The above Specimens are from the Spencerian Business College, Chveland. The first paragraph Shows the Style of Copy iby Writii 
Teacher F. L. Dyke); succeeding paragraphs were written in the usual course by Pupils in School, except the Note at the end/ 
whtnh was recently received from a former pupil. See Notice under "Editors Scrapbook," page U7. 



woman living with the Jones family at the 
time would have been a more pleasant life 
companion. To such statements are ti-aced 
the events in Jones's career which followed 
soon afterward by friends who refuse to be- 
lieve it to be mei-ely " a case with a woman iu 
it." In support of the claim that it was hyp- 
notism which led the writing master astray, 
his friends bring up the fact that previous to 
these events his reputation was excellent, ajid 
he stood high in the esteem of all who knew 
him, In the town of Bergen, where he was 
i-eared, no young man was better UkeJ than 
he by the village and country people. In 
church and Sunday school afTairs he took an 
active part from an eai-ly age. He conducted 
a writing school in that place for a time be- 



What Colors Will Photograph. 



The time was when the photographer i 
quired certain cclors in dress to produ 



Subdued and quiet colors make the neat 
picture. For example, see the pictures of 
nuns, or the lovely pictures of Quaker 
ladies. — Ladiea' Home Journal. 



Transferring Pen and Ink 
Sketches to Iron. 

A Boston blacksmith has made a dis- 
covery that may revolutionize tbe arts of 
photo-engraving, electrotyping, and even 
type setting. lie has found that pen and 
ink sketches on common writing pajier can 
be transferred to iron as distinctly as if 
the mold was of greater size Three plates, 
one three and a half by tivc inches, and 
the others five by six inches, are shown 
by him as proof of his ingenuity. Upon 
the smallest one is written the Lord's 
Prayer, the lettera being quite distinct. 



Docs AdTorilalnK Pay?— Ouu Vlrm 



Does advertising pay? Everybody is called 
upon to answer this question over and over 
again. The answer depends on three things; 
What you advertise, how you advertise, when 
you advertise. You may deceive people into 
paying out money for what they don't want, but 
you can't keep up the humbug. It won't pay 
in tbe end. Or you may have a i-eally good 
thing and not know how to interest people iu 
it, or through what channels to bring it to the 
attention of those who are likely to want it. 
In such circumstances advertising will not 
pay. Revei-se these conditions and judicious 
advertising will always pay. These rumina- 
tions are boi-u of a lettei' just received from a 
firm that has paidlTsB Jodhnal some good, 
round advei'tising bills in the past six months 
—Kinsley & Stephens, Shenandoah, Iowa. 
" Business is immense," they write, "and we 
are hearing from our advertisements all ovei- 
America, We recently receivefl orders the 
same day from Washington, Oregon and 
Connecticut." That tells the story so far as 



Hadn't you better let us make 
you a nice cut for newspaper 
advertising ? If you spend as 
much as $JO in this way the cut 
need cost you nothing. 
How? 

By cutting your space bills 
in two. In only oneShalf 
the space a good '' 

cut will attract twice as^ 
much attention as a type 
adv. 
And that's what you want — 
isn't it? 

AMES, 

203 Broadway, N. Y. 




SCHOOL ADD PERSONAL. 



tJMPAltING tbe out- 
look fur tbe busiiitits 
and writing schools 
' this year with that at 
a corresponding period 
iB'rt. year, the present 

all the advantage. We 
have been at particu- 
^^'>- lur pains to inquire 
L '-'^t_i into this matter, and 
tbe results have beeu 
eiatifyiiiy in the extreme. From entirely 

t,,.||,r\Mirih\ - ( ' -. iii'"i (11(1 tiou respectiag 

till' :iit.'ini;iiiri- III ;i 1 1. ./rii -ili^ols in different 
l„ii I . ,,i ti,. ii \ ~|i..u - .111 .iveragegain in 

over In.'-t year, \vhi( h was n prosperous one for 
most scbools. Tbe uurober of schools has also 
increased wontlerfuUy, perhaps ten percent., 
chiefly in tbe Sonib and We-st, 

—Howard Keeler. late of Packard's, is de- 
voting his attention to private lessons at bis 
residence or at the residence of tbe pupil, or to 
classes in schools. Tbe subjects that he 
bandies i-un pretty much through tbe coni- 
niercia! course— bookkeeping, peumanship, 
COBiroerciuI liiw, I.usiness arithmetic, short 
cuts io fifiui.-, ii\il --v./iTitiK-nt. political 

economy, < I'n Kn-li-li ■riicie art! few 

men in tin.- |4'i — -i"ji i i n.T i|iialified for 
teaching lliiiii H.iM^ird Ivii-ltr. His address 
is 41 West 34th street, New York. 

— O, L. Miller, late proprietor of the Denver 
City Bus. Coll., is devoting himself to the 
real estate business as auditor of the Colorado 
and Utah Iroprovemcut Company, with head- 
quartei-s at Denver. 

—Tbe commercial department of the Central 
High School, Pittsburgh, has a well qualified 
and enthusiastic supeiinteudent in the persoD 
of S. D. Everhart. 

— W. H. Barr, of Gananoque, Ont., has a 
command of tbe pen that is a delight to his 
correspondents. He makes a handsomely 
written letter still more interesting by reason 
of the subject matter, which relates to a club 
from bis pupils. 

—Which State in tbe Union has tbe most 
business colleges ? We used to think that 
Iowa would probably come in ahead, but sev- 
eral other States are pushing her closely. 
Among them is Texas. Tbe growth of com- 
mercial schools in the Lone Star State within 
ten yi.Ms ll:^^ I., ni even iu advance of her 
iii;ii \ I V'\i~ A--'- ]''{<ijic'iit in population and in- 

iif .■)! ihiilnlani^ that does not boa^t a pros- 

jjerniis eomuiercial school. The latest that has 

VVidiita County, J. B. Andrews in charge, 

—The Utica Bus. Coll. bad a booth at the 
late State Fair at Syracuse, N. Y. T. J. 
Risiuger, the accomplished penman of that 
institution, wrote cards at tbe booth and was 
1 admiring crowd. So says the 



1 Obnei 



-The Union High School, of Black River 
Kails, Wis., has a well equipped com, depoii^ 
ment with a competent man in choi-ge. He is 
W. A. Bartlelt. and finds that The Joirnai. 
helps him in his work. Like a real friend in 
such circumstances, be is going to see that it 
bel[)s his pupils also. 

—The students of the Hreeley, Col., Bus. 
Coll. had a reunion on the evening of Septem- 
ber .'i, There were addi-esses by noted speak- 
ers, music, refreshments and a good time 
generally. 

—J. A, Christmau, of Ada, Ohio, has become 
instructor of pemnanship and commercial 
branches in the Princeton, Ind,, Normal 
School. Mr. Christman is a graduate of the 
Ada Normal Uni., also of Eastman's, Fough- 
kei?p!-i»-. His friends say that he is an earnest 
riuMi mid will gi-eatly strengthen the faculty. 

— Ii, AV. Mootbartbas become the principal 
of the Odessa, Mo , Bus. Coll., and reports a 
good outlook. Be is «u excellent business 

—There are tvvr better equipped teachers iu 
the profession thoii K. W. Fisher, principal of 
the Cliuton, Iowa, Bus. Coll. Ho is an expert 
IX'nmau and a thoroughly practical and pro- 
gifssive all-round teacher. With such men 
in charge President O, P. Judd will doubtleas 
have better reason than ever to be satisfied 
with the prosperity of his school. 

— AV. P. Bigger, another accomplished 
Mussel maninn, has been engaged to teach 
peumnuship and commercial branches at the 
Little Rock, Ark.. Com. Coll. If all tbe boys 
who have graduated from the Gem City Col- 
lege to teachers' positions would get together 
they would make a congregation of very am- 
ple proportions. 



MIRROR OF THE PROFESSION: 



—While abroad in tbe summer the editor 
hod the pleasure of visiting WLiteley's Busi- 
ness Training College, School of Shorthand, 
Bookkeeping and Civil Service Academy, 75 
Jamaica street, Glasgow, Scotland. He was 
pleased to see the evidences of interest iu such 
school work ou the other side of the water. 
Mr. Whiteley seems to be a careful and intelli- 
gent teacher and is doing good work. 

— N. E. Ware, late principaloftbeMcDuffy 
Inst., Thompson, Ga., has left that position to 
take charge of tbe Hawk^ns^ille Inst., Haw- 
kinsville. Ga., an institution that enjoys a 
generous jiatronage from the surrounding 

— One of the latest buds on the censtis list is 
the young lady who recently arrived at the 
home of 0. J. Penrose, teucberof penmanship 
at Jamestown, N. Y., Bus. Coll. We discover 
ihis interesting fact from the Randolph, N, 
Y., Ueyister, 

—" The Helena Bus. CoU,," says tbe Daily 
Independent of that city, "is fulfilling its mis- 
sion as a first-class educational institution, and 
is well worth the patronage of the people of 
Moutana." We can well believe this. Princi- 
pal H. T. Engelhornbaslongsince been known 
to us as a very careful and concientious 
teacher. This school is well supplied in all of 
its departments. Perrin shorthand is taught. 

—Principal A. N. Palmer, of the Cedar Rap- 
ids, Iowa, Bus. ColL, issues the Business Col- 
lege Advertiser, a handsome quarterly, well 
printed and liberally illustrated with a variety 
of cuts. No school that is not well patronized 
could afford to issue such a paper. 

— P. R. Cleai'y. tbe well known penman, is too 
busy with his business college, at Ypsilanti, 
Micb., to indulge as much as formerly in orna- 
mental producnons. Still, his hand has lost 
none of its old time cuimmg. The Journal is 
under obligations for a club of good propor- 

— Proprietor R. L. Meredith has every rea- 
son to be satisfied with the condition and pros- 
pects of bis business college and school of 
sborlbaud, Sandusky. Ohio. Besides the 
usual commercial branches he has a complete 
department of practical English, of which 
Thos. W. Bookmyer is principal. Mr. Mere 
dith publishes a bright paper called the Edu- 
cational Voice, which isoffered to our readers 
through our columns on most advantageous 

— The business depai-tment of the Nevada 
State University, Reno, Nev., has a new 
superintendent in the person of Robert I>ew- 
ei-s, a strong writer and experienced teacher. 

—The Journal is under obligation to John 
F. Gareis, of the faculty of St. Mary's Coll., 
San Antonio. Tejcas, for favors in the shape of 
a club from the pupils of that institution. 

— Before giving up his connection with the 
normal penmanship department of the Gem 
City Bus. Coll., Quiucy, 111., Fielding Scho- 
field was gratified at receiving a handsome set 
of resolutions from bis pupils expressive of 
their regret at parting, and wishing him every 
success for the future. The delicate compli 
ment was also greatly appreciated by Mi-s. 
Schofield. 

— Prln. E, C. Glenn, of the Upper Peninsula 
Bus. Coll., Mai-quette, Mich., is a pushing 
man andmakes^his influeuce felt in his com- 
numity. We are pleased to note tbe pi-osperity 
of his school. 



-Then 



irkH i 



crease of population and Im-ini'ssni th, i itv of 
Norfolk, Va. I. W. FalTm,. ,vii,. .-Lil.li-hod 
the Norfolk Ens. Col. a liuir mui.. Hum a \..-ur 
ago, has had every reasuu lu bv giaiiiiwl at 
tbe successofhisenterprise, which has continued 
to grow ever since, and promises great things 
for the futui'e. Patton is agood friend of The 
Journal and loses no opportunity to use bis 
good offices in its behalf among bis pupils. As 
the result it is quite a common thing for us to 
get a batch of subscribers from him, and we 
take the opportunity of expressing our appre- 
ciation of these friendly services. 

— H. B. Fleming is teaching at tbe Emporia, 
Kan., Bus, Coll,, established last year by C. E, 
D. Parker, whose expectations have more iban 
been realized. 

—1. W. Pierson, the accomplished penman 
of Bryant's Bus. Coll., Chicago, is a very busy 
man. His classes in penmanship this year ai'e 
larger than ever, due to tbe growth of the 
school, and he is also lending a hand at some 
of the bookkeeping classes. Fortunately he is 
a very resourceful man and quite equal in 
points of ability and vital force to anydemands 
that are likely to be made upon him by men 



who appreciate a good teacher and know bow 
to use bim well. The Bryant College, by the 
way, bids fair this year to outstrip its own re- 
marknble record. 

— For unique advertising literature our friend 
Toland of the Ottawa, III., Bus. Uni., comes 
conspicuously into view. He is wonderfully 
handy with a pen and illustrates his ideas with 
comic drawings. His particular aversion 
i^ecms to be for schools that advertise cheap 
tuition and cheap board. 

— E. O. Hobson of Burr Oak, Kan., a good 
penman, has accepted the position as superin- 
tendent of that branch in the academy at New 
berg. Ore, 

- Cleveland, Ohio, is a gi-eat center for busi- 
ness education, and we believe there are more 
young people preparing themselves at school 
there for a commercial career than in any 
other city in tbe world, barring Chicago, We 
«re indebted to a friend for a copy of the News 
and Herald containing a long account of the 
recent gradual ion exercises of the Spencerian 
College. Seventy-three young men and forty- 
five young women with diplomas gives an 
idea of the patronage of this iustitution. Tbe 
total attendance during the past twelve 
months, tbe most successful in its history, is 
given as 1381. President Felton presided at 
the commencemei^t, and addi'esses were made 
by Dr. James Hedley. of Brooklyn, Mr. Horace 
Beuton and othei's. 

— L. B. Lawson, The Journal's old stand- 
by at Los Angeles, Cal., adds to tbe total of 
Journals issued by another installment from 
his friends. 

— When they have graduating exercises at 
the Western Normal College, Shenandoah, 
Iowa, the papers of that community devote 
almost their entire issues to giving the details. 
One reason is there are so many graduates 
that they can't be got into a small place. 
Think of 358 graduates from one school ! That 
is the number for this year. Tbe baccalaureate 
addi'ess was delivered by Hon. W. R, Myers, 
ex-Secretary of State of Indiana. 

— We have been occasionally asked if there 
are any business colleges in this country with 
women iu supreme command. Several such 
exist to our knowledge. Mrs. Mary F. Chick- 
ering is conducting tbe Chickering Bus. Coll., 
at Pittsfield, Mass., and doing her work well. 
Miss G. Holmes is putting tbe Holmes Bus. 
Coll., of Portland, Ore., on a very substantial 
basis, and has made a valuable property of it. 
Mrs. M. A. Merrill is at the head of tbe Mer- 
rill Bus. Coll., Stamford, Conn, She is a 
busmess woman with plenty of executive 
ability and a broad education that particu- 
lorly fit her for conducting a successful 
school of business, including, of course, short- 
hand and tyjjewriting, which are her per- 
sonal specialties. In tbe business department 
she has the benefit of tbe services of W. J. 
Amos. If we are to train our girls for busi- 
ness it seems entirely appropriate that women 
should find business teaching a very congenial 
an<> profitable employment, 

— Williams & Rogei-s deserve the thanks of 
the business college fraternity for inventing u 
new kind of catalogue. To be sure, it is a 
catalogue that only the best patronized schools 
can hope to reach on account of the great ex- 
pense m vol vcd in its production, but it is a 
beauty and no mistake. The work is a full 
cloth bound book with gilt side stamp. Plate 
paper of best finish is used and the volume is 
typographically perfect^a feature of Williams 
& Rogers' publications. The book Ls illustrated 
with a number of full page views of different 
parts of the school, engraved by the half-tone 
process. This is the kind of catalogue that it 
hurt's a man's feelings to throw away, and he 
naturally puts it up on the library shelf. The 
firm have also issued a new catalogue aud price- 
list of their commercial publications and 
school supplies, which maybe obtained by any 
school on application. 

—Tbe annual catalogue of tbe Bayless Bus. 
ColL, Dubuque, Iowa, comes to us with a 
cover tinted in the coloi-s of an uutunm sun- 
set, The Sim of this institution, however, never 
sets. It takes sixteen pages of the catalogue 
to print the list of students iu attendance. 

—The hymeneal halter seems to be the most 
popular style of neck scaj-f for our friends of 
the commercial teaching fraternity. We re- 
ceived a very elegant little card of invitation 
to the nuptials of Miss Hattie M. Dikeand Mr. 
G. A. Hough, on September 30, at Los Angeles, 
Ca!. Another Irom Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Ely, of 
Chano, 111., annomicesthe marriage of their 
daughter. Miss Mae, to Mr. W. H. Beacom ou 
August U. Mr. and Mrs. Beacom are now es- 



tablished in their home at Oakland, Cal., where 
Mr. Beacom is teaching at the Depue & Ayde- 
lotte -Bus. Coll. -'A Witness" sends The 
Journal notice of the marriage of Mr. H. C. 
Rowland to Miss Hattie Nafzger, at Westervelt, 
Ohio, on August 21. Mr. Rowland is a gradu- 
ate of the Zauerian Art Coll.. Columbiu:, and 
is now principal of the Penmanship and Art 
Department of Scio Coll., Scio, Ohio. The 
Journal extends its compliments aud be^t 
wishes to all its friends. 

—A mammoth circular comes to us from M. 
J. Caton's trinity of business colleges, at Cleve- 
land, Detroit and Buffalo respectively. It is 
profusely illustrated with pen specimens and 
other engravings. Mr. Caton, himself an 
excellent writer, avails himself of the sei-vices 
of some of tbe most accomplished penmen we 
know of. Included in the number are E. W. 
Bloser. E, L. G lick and C. M. Griswold. 

— The annual catalogue of tbe Columbus, 
Ohio, Com. Coll, tells the story of tbe pro- 
gressive school, of which Frank Humphries is 
in chai-ge. It is got up in good shape The 
interior views shown are exceptionally wall 
drawn, 

—Another high grade catalogue comes from 
Childs' Bus. Coll., Springfield, Mass. The 
frontispage is devoted to half-tone portraits of 
the faculty, aud the pamphlet is illustrated by 
a variety of cuts of this character. There are 
also penmanship cuts in profusion, and every- 
thing has beeu carefully and systematically 
arranged. 

— Messrs. McKay & Farney, of the Winni- 
peg. Man , Bus. Coll., make tbeii" annual an- 
noimcement in approved style. These young 
men ore making a success of their school. They 

— Clarence A. Murch is president and W. P. 
Hughes secretary of the new Midway Col- 
lege of Business, Kearney, Neb., whose hopes 
and aims are set forth in an attractive 
&roc/n(re which is before us. They are men 
of push and experience and are not troubled 
with any doubts for the future. 

— The color printei-s find some of their best 
friends among tbe school people. Witness tbe 
annual catalogue of Hammel's Bus. Coll,, 
Akron, Ohio, which comes to us rejoicing in a 
solferino cover dashed with gilt and further or- 
namented with one or two other colors. Within 
is au overhead border in three colors. The 
materials of this little volume are of the best 
and so is the workmanship. 

— Three or four yeai-s ago, when the business 
teaching firm of Coonrod & Smith fli-at took 
shape and hung out its sign at Achison, Kan, , 
The Journal was bold to predict that these 
gentlemen would succeed. They have done so in 
tbe best way, and now have a fine school with 
an unusually good outlook for the present 
year. 

— We find in the Educational Leader, of 
Findlay, Ohio, a report of tbe valedictory 
address of W. E. Bloser, delivered at the 
recent commencement exercises of the Findlay 
Bus. Coll. The young man has excellent ideas 
with respect of what constitutes a practical 
education, which was his theme. He is also a 
good penman. 

— Messra. McGee & Stonffcr ore receiving 
every encouragement in theii- new businass 
college venture at San Marcos, Texas. We 
find a very complimentary notice of them as 
teachers and individuals iu the San Marcos 
Press. 

—The catalogue of the Portland. Maine, 
Bus. Coll., of which President L. A. Gray, of 
the Businet^ Educators' Association, is chief, 
is a well arranged and intelligent compilation 
of the history and advantages of that institu- 
tion. There are many interior views and a 
good portrait of Principal Gray. 

—Rev. C. E. Durocher, C. S. V. of Bourget 
College, Regaud, Canada, sends a club of four- 
teen as a beginner, and has many other pupils 
not represented in this number who will likely 
come in later iu the season. 

— H. W. Kibbe has decided to leave Utica. 
and is open to engagement, as announced in 
our advertising columns. This is an excellent 
opportunity for a first-clas school to enjoy the 
services of a masterly penman. Mr. Kibbe 
touches elbows with the best in the profes- 

— A circular, attractive as to print, pictures 
and arrangement, comes from H. L. Winslow's 
Watertowu, So. Dak.,' Cora. Coll. The new 
State seems thoroughly alive to the advantages 
of business training. 

— A. E. Muckey, president of the Geneva, 
N. Y., Bus. Coll. and Shorthand lust., ex- 



NEWS, VIEWS AND REVIEWS. 



presses bfmself a» well pleased with business 
tills T^ar, wbfob is in advaQce of tfae nine pre- 
vious years of that school, 

— M. ti. Clark, au experienced teacher of 
commercial branches, has joined hands with 
W. H. Barrett in the conduct of the Creston, 
Iowa, Bus. Coll. The present attendance is 
satisfactory, aud indications point toward the 
building up of a prosiwroiis school. 

— The Roudebush Brothers have sold their 
business collet;e at Topeka, Kan., to L. H. 
and M. H Strickler, late of the National Bus. 
Coll., Kansas City, Mo,, who announce the 
change of ownei-sbip in the sixth annual cata- 
logue of the institution. D. L. Huut is the 
peuman. The now proprietore expect to add 
largely to the patronage of the school, aud are 
going about attaining this with advertising 
literatiu'e of a very superior quaUty. 

— " Twenty Years' Progress in Education " 
is the title of a beautifully printed pamphlet 
which comes from the Bryant & Stratton 
Com. School, Boston. While in Boston re- 
cently, the Editor had the pleasure of calhng 
ou Principal Hibbnrd. and found all the evi- 
dences of prosperity which have marked the 
career of tliis institution. 

—J. C. Kaue retires from the Eatou & Bur- 
nett Bus. Coll., Baltimore, to accept a lucra- 
tive position under the Government. Mr. 
Kane is an excelleut penman and a succei^sful 
teacher, whose retirement is a loss to the pro- 
fession. 

—Thomas J. Stewart makes the faculty of 
the Troy, N. Y., Bus. Coll stronger by the en- 
listment of his experience and talent. 

—We have received catalogues of the Iowa 
City Com. Coll. and the Uiii. School of Short- 
hand of the same [ilare Both schools are con- 
ducted by Messrs. Williams & Barnes, a thor- 
oughly wide-awake firm. A lai-ge patronage 
testifies to their [irosperity. The Commercial 
College is in the twenty-sixth year of its sue 
cessful operation, and draws very largely on 
tlie suiTouudmg country, 

— R. E. Morriss, a very capable penman, re- 
mains at the head of the Com, Dept. of the G 
A. R. Memorial Coll., Oberlin, Kan. 

— J. M. Walton, Nashville, Tenn., has in- 
vented a position and hand-rest pen-staff, which 



this school, and not one of the twenty-four 
years opened with so much promise for tb^ 
future as the present session. 

-C. L. McCIellan. late rf Bushnell, 111., a 
good nTiter and careful teacher, has entered 
upon his new duties as superintendent of the 
Com, Dept. of Albion Coll., Albion, Mich. 



college at Rome, Qa., to send us some speci- 
mens in bis usual graceful form. He writes a 
letter that is as beautiful and smooth as his 
card work— which cannot be said of all card 

— Some very clever specimens of plain busi- 
ness writing, also of shaded and unsliaded 
back-hand, are sent by Will T. Tilley, a lad of 
16, and one of E. G. Evans' pupils at the Bur- 
lington. Vt, Bus, CoU. 



Our Aim -The Ideal Life. ^^^^^-3 

Our Motto- OurfathersWill Our Text Book- His Wd^ 

US Every Sabbath. 2:30 P. M.'^^^-^^^ 




Invitalion Card 



Executed in "-The Journal" 



arrangements for opening a branch school at 
Cheyenup, Wyoming, a growing city of 13,000 
inhabitants. 

THE EDITOR'S SCRAPBOOK. 

— Dewhurst, pen artist of Utica, N, T,, is 
equally at home on any kind of pen work. He 
has been recently devoting bis utteution largely 
to the shading-pen, and wr lutvi- mhhc im- 
5ely clever productioiiN i Inm m iii.ii 



diie. 



The 1 



irvellous 



—A. P. Reid of Clyde, Kan., does The Jouft 
NAL the compliment to call it his sole teacher 
in penmanship, and conveys the compliment in 
a letter of a style and finish that make his 
teacher proud. 

— Besides heingan unusually graceful writer, 
J. C. Mclntire of the Iron City College, Pitts- 
burgh, is an ornamental worker of no mean 
pretentions. Before us are some proofs of 
fancy headings prepared by him. They ex- 
hibit taste and invention, with a high degree 
of technical skill. 

— One of the writing classes of the Spencer- 



Flight of the Modern Al Borak to his Mecca. 




t the landscape and loose brlc-a-brac. 



he thiuks superior to anything in the market, 
and would be glad to explain to all interested. 
Later, he vriW make his explanation through 
The Journal. 

— Fourteen subscriptions as an advance 
guard come from the Bayless Bus. Coll., Du- 
buque, Iowa., through B. M, Sweet, the accom- 
plj>shed penman of that institution. 

—A portrait of President F. E. Wood is 
shown in the catalogue of Wood's Bus. Coll., 
Scranton, Pa,, which is before us. The face is 
that of a thoughtful, progressive business man. 
This year rounds up a quarter of a century for 



He sends us also some handsomely written 
cards and two or thi-ee pen flom-ishes that will 
find a haven in our scvapbook. 

—We have a set of fancy capitals from U. 
W. Allen, Huntsville. Texas. Other capitals, 
combinations, etc, ai'e from J. F. Cozart, at 
pi-esent of San Francisco, one of the most 
graceful young writers in the country. We 
were mistaken lait mouth, by the way, in say- 
ing that Cozai't would remain at Heald'a Col- 
lege, 



ian Bus, Coll,, Cleveland, Ohio, in charge of 
F. L. Dyke, sends us a large package of speci- 
mens written in the usual way, and showing 
the every day work of tbe pupils. The writ- 
ing bears internal evidence of this fact. We have 
taken the liberty of reproducing a few of tbe 
specimens elsewhere. None of them were writ. 
t«n in the proper kind of ink for reproduction, 
aud some of the most creditable could not be in- 
cluded at all for this reason. The presenta- 
tion of these plates makes exteuded comment 
unnecessary, but the occasion seems fitting to 
congratulate the Speucerian boys and their 
excellent teacher. Here are a few of the 



ivhose work particularly took o 



. E. A. Cope, A. W. Rodig and Eddie 
-Thb Journal was off the track last mouth 



The real a 
Ont.,towhni 
have lon^: i> 
complislu'il |. 



A. D. Skeels. of Chatham, 



to discharge the duties o 
Coll. of Commerce, 
schools are under the sa 



MeiloniinLH-.Mich., 
imian of the N. W. 
neapotis. These 
nanagement. 
I aud graceful specj- 



of the Bayless Bus. Coll., 
— Those enterprising 



H. Burdett, of Bos- 
elaborate art calendar 
VII pen work. The de- 
it for their college. It 
hie production through- 



of work (til- till- iiisliiun.iii m the way of artis- 
tic diplomas and eiignivnig their pen produc- 
tions to be used for advertisiug purposes. They 
show a very commendable degi'ee of enter- 
prise. Mr, Temple is an exceptionally skillful 
penman in whatever line you may take him. 
He is at home at scrit)t, flourishing and general 
ornamental work. We are informed that the 
school is doing finely and bids fair to double its 
patronage this year. 

— We know very few writers who have the 
pen under better control for the production of 
uniform and correctly spaced and slanted 
script for the pvirjK>se of correspondence than 
H. F. Crumb, of the Catou B. C, Buffalo. 
His letters are modelsof neatness and elegance. 
We present a specimen from his pen elsewhere. 
It is no better work than is shown in his every 
day lettei-s. . 

BOOKS. 

Since the leading school book publishers of 
the country came together and formed the 
American Book Company, with New York, 
Cincinnati and Chicago as distributing cen- 
ters, The Journal bos had many inquiries 
from teachers and school trustees as to the 
future of the diffeient systems of penmanship 
published by the vaiious turns lepiesented 
This question is now auiwered m oui advei 
tismg columns by the Amiiican Book Com 





111 ^u that all the old 


popular s\ t 


1 .1 iiv. 


each fii n 


IU(,ed 


to empl 





\ arious s\ stems ha\ e been i evised and i 
fresh aud new, and the tmly incentive 
publishers is to furnish I he very best of e 



M.-t eaL-b of Appleton's Standard New Tracing 
Cuurae and Speucerian Combined Copy-Books 
and Practice Paper — their newest productions 
in this line. These hooks, in arrangement, 
grading and perfection of workmanship, touch 



\V..- 



■ PitO] 



EastUtb St., New Ynrk, for a number of their 
publications, Oue them is a Handbook for 
teachei-s of Pitman Shorthand and serves its 
pui'pose very neatly. The price is CU cents in 
paper and 75 cents in cloth ; I'M pages. " Glean- 
ings from Popular Authors " in the Pitman 
Sh thand Sc pt orre&pond ng style is 
auothe val a le a 1 1 t o o the 1 teratu e of 
th te on y 40 cents 

1 he sub numl e of u 

of each page 



isakev 
works s 
and Pia t 
TolmiQ, F S ' 



her of their 
o the Iheorv 
y Dav d 



From the press of C. W. Bardeeu, Symcuse, 
N. Y. , we have three new works of the class 
inl^nditl primanly as helps for teachers which 
have made that hoiLse celebrated. One is a 
"Practical Delsarte Primer," by Mrs. Anna 
Handall-Diehl, of New York, well known as a 
scholar and a writer on elocution and language 
Annthf-r i- a " Picket Not« Book of 



P.n 



orks, 



1 1000 n 

ir condition, 
tcs of their 
isweriog the 



f the third 
)f Dr. D. G. 
This httle 
AU these 
descripti 



catttloKue may "be obtained by writing to the 
jinblisber. 

Mr. H, A. Moran, Prin. of the Stenographic 
Institute, Ann Arbor, Mich., bos just issued 
Mtill another edition of his excellent little 
work entitled "One Hundred Valuable Sug- 



"The 



Ames' Book of Flourishes. 

frhnt HV/r-Hitotrn Pt-ntnen I7.(iifc <./ Our 
Latent Work 

THERE IS but one opinion expressed 
of Ames' Book of Flourishes. We 
hove yet to Icarn the first word of disap- 
pointment or criticism. Everybody seems 
surprised that such a volume can be made 
and sold for %\ in stiff manilla covers, 
and for $1.50 in full cloth bindiog with 
gold side stamp. The prices include 
postage, "We will let others do the talk- 
ing: 



who. being fisked t 



3 the capital of Mass- 






0*1. 



: country. 



" Studcuts' Shorthand Dictation Manual " is 
the title of an attractive new volume of 2?2 
pages, whicb has tbf uaini' Charles Eugene 
McKee on the title jmge. There is plenty of 
room for such a work iu shorthand schools and 
aniont; stiidful^ "h'l ;ire ivrt'stliiiH with that 
bmiM-h \siihMu( ;, i,.:i,lj.('. .■iJil. Tile book 



tlid 






The gift hook of the year is a splendid new 
edition of Blackmore's masterpiece. " Lorna 
Doone," published by the Burrows Brothers 
Co., Cleveland. 0. It is au entirely new edi- 
tion, superbly illustrated with several hundred 
new engravings by eminent artists. The price 
« *5 m cloth, mhalf morocco JIO, full morocco 

inAGAZINES. 

Apropos of California's celebration last 
month of the fiftieth anniversary of her admis- 
sion to Statehood, the September Century has 
a striking paper entitled : " How California 
Came into the Union," illustrated by a large 
portrait of Cfeueral Fremont froma daguerreo- 
type of 1S50, and by others of Commodores 
Sloat and Stockton, Governor Burnett, Sena- 
tor Gwm, and J. Ross Browne, together with 
pictui-es of Coltou Halt, Monterey— the scene 
of the Constitutional Convention— and the 
famous Bear Flag, hoisted at Sonoma in '4(1 
This paper is a forerunner of the series on the 
preseut number 



The t 



sattmporary depoi'ti 
iiiliir to the ■' Memoranda 



£.sq., and 1 he Date of the Discovery of the 
Yosemit«," by Dr. Bunnell, of the Party Dis- 
covery. 

The September St. Nicholas devotes the 
opening paper to Oliver IVendell Holmes, a 
visit to the poet being appreciatively described 
by AmUe Isabel WUUs. The illustration show- 
ing Dr. Holmes in his library is especially 
good. W. J. Henderson, of the New York 
Times, shows that "Great Ocean Waves." 
whatever tbey may be, are not properly called 
"tidal waves." A very sti-.iuL' tTrawinfr hv 
Taber skillfully depicts the appearance of an 
enormous head wave as suen t lum the deek of 
an ocejin sloaniBr. Rioljiir.l Unr.lin,' Duvis 

tells thr ry.-Tfi,, .,,,,1 , ;, , , -,, , , ,1 



Theif oiT many nLhei- eulertaiuinKoi-ticles. 

In taking up the September Wide Awake 
both the juveniles and the eldei-s iivill turn at 
OQce to Mr. Ward's Andover serial ; the chap. 
t«rs in this issue ought to be read in every col- 
lege iu the land. " Doc's" deathbed is a fear- 
some warning to those students who tbiuk 
"hazing "ft manly kiud of " lark ;" the dog 
"Calvin's" doings give the necessary sunny 
relief in these chapters. C. E. (Jarland has a 
capital story m this number. " The Last Base- 
liall of the Season.' Preston Lee Otis gives a 
strong story, too. of Southern Hie. entitled 

Rijiuie." "My Friend. Ah Qing," a San 
Francisco story by G. Adams, wUl interest the 

S^t "VvuT- "H? * ^''"^ *"^®- " "^"^e Qiiest 
of the \\ bippmg Boy " ends in this number. 
ihe*e are only beginnings of the good things 
M)read for young folks iu the September irirfe 



iiecretary liitner^sCom. Coll., St. Joseph, Mo. 



Book of Flourishes.- 
College, Poughkcepsie, N. Y. 
Zdkeuflae thia. 
Wouldn't be without it for a JilO bill.— ./o/in 
R. Russell, Hotel Kaaterskitl, CatskiH Mount- 



Grand Premium Offer, 



We have Imd many letters from people 
asking if they could not pay for the new 
work, Amks' Rook or Flourishes, in 
work. It was not our intention to offer 
this in any way as a premium, but in 
answer to these requests we have concluded 
to offer it for thirty days (until November 
15) upon the following terms : 

1. We will send Ames' Book of Flour- 
ishes, stiff paper bindinp, as a special 
premium with three new suhncriptiovn, each 
with regular premium, and 93 to pay for 
same. Or, for tiro new suhs., each with 
premium, and the extension of your own 
sub. one year ami $3.15 to pay for the 

2. We will send Book of Floitiishes 
in the best binding tor fine new suhs., each 
with premium, and |5 to pay for same. 
Or. for four new subs., each with premium, 
your own extension of sub. one year, and 
$5.15 to pay for same. 

We pay all postage. 

Remember, this is a test offer limited to 
Mv. 15. If you want to get one of the 
most popular penmanship books ever made 



^_ERRpRS^LOCATED!_^ 

r Kc-CheckingorCom-itipKiilTies.niidnlmgst 
Jtanuiiicousiytiy Goldman's Advanced System. 



147La Salle St., Eooms 61 and 63, CHICAGO, ILL. 





By J. B. Duryea, Penman Highland Park Normal College, Des Moines, Iowa. 



Ought to atul Does. 

It is the most beautiful work of the kind I 

have ever seen, and ought to sell like hot cakes 

at a country camp meeting.— W. M. Manly, 

Nashville, Tenn. ' ^ "' 

They All Like It. 

To say that it is grand only partly conveys 
my idea. My friends all say it contains the 
most varied and best executed specimens of 
flourishing they have ever seen.— J. W. Jones, 
Pentnan and Postmaster, Osmuns, Ohio. 

AstonUhed at Hia Botlar'a Worth. 

I am surprised to know you can sell such i 



Places the Penmen Vnrter OUgation. 
You have done a great favor to all penn 



of the volume. — A. C. Pugstey, 



It is a book I have long wished for, and one 
that should be in the hands of every one who 
pretends to be a penman. It is a perfect gem. 
—A'. P. Mo7-ris, Penman, Corso, Mo. 



self. It is a book to which I call the attention 
of my friends, and one which I consider indis- 
I>ensahlctoevejyloverof penai-t— G. //. John- 
son, Principal and Teacher of Penmanship 
in the Public Schools of New Egypt, N. J. 

Expected Something Eertra Fine— Got It. 

After reading the list of commendations in 
Thk Jocrnal I expected something very fine 
indeed, but it surpassed my expectations by 
far. One can hardly say enough in praise of 
it It I could not get another I would not ex- 
change mine for the best J5 Compendium in 
existence.~0. D. Westcott, Penman, Glad- 
brook, Iowa. 

All Who See It Want It. 

I am delighted with Ames' Book of Flour- 
ishes. Showed it to my cousin and he is also 
highly pleased, and will perhaps order one.— 
J. W. Fry, Sutervilte, Pa. 



without a penny of cost to you, this ia 
your chance. A few copies of The Jour- 
nal will be sent any one who wishes them 
to help in taking subs This matter wou't 
bear delay ; attend to it at once. 



What are Your Winter Plans? 

Pubhc schoo! teachers are likely to (all into 
intellectual ruts. They personally need some 
general systematic reading. Then again they 
ought not to confine their work to the school 
room. They ought to be u leaven in the com- 
munity. Thousands of teachers are uccompllsh- 
ing great good for themselves and tor others in 
Chiiutauqua circles. Will you not join In the 
work? Or will you not read alone? Address 
John H. Vincent, Drawer m, Buftnlo, N- Y. A 
member of a circle writes: "All of us having 
been out of school for a number of years, are 
glad of thia systematized opportimity of refresh- 
"us, and pursuing our studies 



-* of a flourishing young Normal and Busi- 
ness CollCKe located m u thriving Western city 
of 12,000 inhabitants. For particulars, address 
■ W. N. & B. C." care The JouKNAL. 



PETERS , 



rpnonouCHI.¥ <|rALIPIEl>, and re- 

-■- liable teacher of pcomanship and com- 
mercial branehe may secure a irood position 




^^ANTED.— A position as Teacher of Pen- 
manship, plain or ornamental, in public 
or private school, by H. VP. KIBUE. Ctica 
N. Y. 



A. E. DEWHUBST, 

ARTIST PENMAN. 

Executei all Kinds of Ornamental Pen-Work 

To Order. 

Our EngrossmK, Pen- Drawing, Leitering and 

FlouriBhing have rei-oived the hl)fhest commenda- 



ond Pen- 

Correspi 

teed . Address 

A. E. DEWHURST, Utica. N. Y, 



_. first-class 

Large pieces of Flourishing, Lettering 

rawingsdone in the best possil>le manner. 

Correspondence solicited and satisfaction guaran- 



"■'"[l??irTS ■"».'■& '^SS. com""" pfnl. li.^Ea. J 



WANTED, 

A few more uppllcatloDs f<ir samples ( 
Famitji Itri'Til 



rriHIC EnUCATKINAI. VOICE """' ^•^(^^^^ 



of Oniamcntiil j'eniuauHbip, Lett^rlnp. 
rrehintif. Illumination, &c. Cntalojruf 



51 



Uteelpens 

i\rG tlie Best 



IF 
YOU 

WISH 

TO 

TRY 

THEM 



The SPENCEEIAN PEN CO., 




J F. B"ypt3SrE 

BcHUtiful Ijetterfor 26o. 

ur a package of finely executed Cards for... 25o. 

Or nn Harmonious Klourisb for 25c. 

Or H graded course in Writing with instruc- 
tions for 50c. 

Address 25 Vli-fcroy St , PItlNbiircli, Pa. 

fineTrIntin^ 

f^" STATIONERY. 

Especially forCommercial Schools 
and Penmen. 



New Presses. New Type. Skilled Workmen. 
Excellent Material. 

OUR SPECIALTIES. 



FINE PAPER. 

ruled and special wide riiU 

schools. Send 6c. for sai 

constantly Id stock. 



L full liii 



,1 Supplies constantly 



Corifspondencc solicited. 

KINSLEY & STEPHENS, 

Printers. Publishers and Stationers. 

SHENANDOAH. IOWA. 




Automatic Lessons 

BY MAIL. 



Alphabets, eacb.. 

.■- Ink Powders 

12 Ink Powders, ft 



200 VALUABLE H GIVEN AWAY. 

WRIGHT'S BOOKKEEPING SIMPLIFIED-BUSINESS METHODS, 

ut in circulation will be the means of selling KMMl mnif at our rf'jfular price ti. tlic frictul-i <if 
he lufkj- recipients, as the book only needs to Ir- ^cen to t>e ai'prcciated. Hfnce our liticnil 
onatloii. 

THE ONLY PICTORIAL WORK ON BOOKKEEPING 

vcr I ' ' ' ' ' -' fie mind. A bonk containing mon- 

uiimi , ill Liook of modern times, if you ever 

xp,-, r ; .11-4 ou can muster the subject without a 



EVERY FIFTH ORDER GETS THE BOOK FOR NOTHING. 



of former editions will be supplied with CHART and additional 
sure vour order receiving right number Id tbl? series mention the Ai 
opinions like the following : " You have a rattlmo tjo'id book ; no ro( 
the oeoplo know of it and they will surely buy It,"— Edward Giinster, 



nprovement. Let 



PRICE OF BOOK, - - $2.50. 

P A. WRIGHT, 769 BROADWAY, N.Y. 



GOODYEAR PUBLISHING COMPANY, 



Headquarters for Business Training Supplies 

We publish the following text bonks and supplies for Business Training in HighSchool, 
;ademy and Con 
ar, a business ed 



1 Commen 






of thera being written and prepared by Prof. ». H. Good- 

( POUR EDITIONS. 
HE THKORV OF ACCOUNT**. 

OIITIMi PAMPHLETS FOK FlVli OFFICES. 
LANK BOOKS FOK EACH OF ABOVT. 
IISINESS BLANKS AND Li:<;%L BLANKS. 
»LLE<iiE CCJ««ESCY AINI> n i:«(II \ MBISE CARD-*. 



1 they n 



Addrt 



i S. H. GOODYEAR. 



GOODYEAR PUBLISHING CO., Cedar Rapids. lowa.o., 





^Jmf^NS\\\'^yy^^PAR^^^^ 






Tht "^iptlal Penn anihip Department In d 






laldrma >IcK£E &, HENUERbON Prius Obeilin Ohu 

Ajvn rrp£ w/?/r//vG. 




&. UENDEK^^ON', Oberllu, < 



PENMAN'S BADGE. 




JOSEPH GILLOTrS 

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Expressions similar in tone to the foregoing are 
being received in every mail. 



THE OTHER PUBLICATIONS. 

Commercial Arithmetic 

Is selling much more largely than ever before. Scarcely a day pafses that it is not 
introduced into one or more schools and everybody is delighted with it. The same 
be said of 

Commercial Law. 

The sales of that book are nearly or quite double those of last year. Commercial 
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Civil Government 

Has secured an entirely unexpected introduction, and the comments which have been 
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Grammar and Correspondence 

Is fully keeping pace with the other publications, and adds harmony to the list in every 
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Seventy Lessons in Spelling 

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Williams & Rogers sell, in addition to the books euumerated, blank books to 
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RETAIL PRICES OF THE PUBLICATIONS. 

First Lessons in Bookkeeping, -..____ $0.75 

New Introductive Bookkeeping, - - _ _ _ 1.25 

New Bookkeeping, - -- ______ 2. 00 

New Complete Bookkeeping, - _ _ _ - _ 2.50 

Commercial Arithmetic, ---_-__ _ 2.00 

Commercial Law, - _--____ 2.00 

Practical Grammar and Correspondence, „ „ _ ,75 

Civil Government, ___-_. „ 1.50 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling, - _ _ _ _ - .30 

Sample copies of any of the books will bt; mailed, postpaid, to teachers for ex- 
amination with a view to introduction at one-half the above prices. 

Specimen pages of the books, and also oiu- Catalogue for 1890 and '91, containing 
full particulars regarding our publications, together with introduction, wholesale and 
retail prices of the text-books and testimonials regarding them, as well as prices of 
th^ commercial supplies which we have in stock, will be mailed to the address of any 
tttcher or school officer upon application. 



WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y. 




POSITIVELY SELF INSTRUCTION 

Bool^l^eeping and Bu^ine^^ IJudification^. 

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SELF INSTRUCTION in PRACTICAL BUSINESS QUALIFICATIONS. 

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CHARLES S. MACNAIR PUBLISHING CO., 

Detroit, l^iGli. M^' A.g©nts "Wanteci. 



And after a short A^iy^^ . ^^^ — 
while he wrote WF^V-^^-^^^M-^ 



SADLER PUBLISHING CO., Baltimore, Md. 




PACKARD'S PUBLICATIONS. 



(Complete edition.) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard hook 
100 business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal 

The most beauti- 



1 . Commercial Arithmetic. 

on this subject. Used in over 
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3. Packard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete 

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Any one of these books sent to teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 

Mtiitluii l/iis Join fud. 



S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East zad^Street, New York. 




NEW YORK, DECEMBER, 1890. 



Vol. XIV,— No. 12 



PATRICK'S COPIES. 



oompendlum elze, tliei-e beiuif fifteen sheets jmcked in n 
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I-tf W. H. PATRICK. 643 N. 



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pay for the third edition, norforl^isadvertiseinent. The Wriiing Teuther is tbe only book i 
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WORKS. CIMDEN, N.J. I 26 JOHN ST. NEW VORK. 



Si 



UTEELPENS 

Af e the Best 



IF 

you 

WISH 

TO 
TRY 
THEM 




bf prowling i 



My Lady of the Veil. 



Y PAKTICt'LAR FRIEND, 

Jack, had dropped in to 
suy that he would leave 
that afternoon for the 
^((jf^^^^^^ seashore, whither the 
*f*^^^^^^^. charming Misses Blank 
had fled ihe week be- 
fore. And wouldn't 1 
like to go ? I would. 
But there happened to 
lid my door at that time 
\ gaunt and grisly creature whom poets 
have sometimes exalted by the name 
" wolf," and my respect for 
the animal's appetite induced ~ 

I said that important bus- 
iness would detain me in the 
city a while longer, and 
while Jack was comforting 
me by an eloquent forecast 
of the fun I would miss 
some one tapped at the door. 

It was a young woman. 
All that I distinctly uoted at 
the time was that most of 
her face was lost in a veil, 
heavy and altogether unsea- 
sonable. Did I wish any 
office help ? Not to-day ; and 
she left. 

"By Jove!" Jack said 
with aDimation; "did you 
ever see such a perfect 
mouth and chin ? And 
what a voice she had I I'd 
find work for such a girl if 
I had to give up my own job 

I laughed, wished him the 
best of times as he left, then 
fell to envying him his good 
fortune and sighed myself 
into a fit of sentimental de- 
pression that lasted for days. 
Before it was over the girl 



■Why. ye5. 

e we might 
•Thenyo 



line your penmanship in 
haven't any present need of 



my 



We — we shall certainly need someone 
in a short time," I faltered, in a reckless ef- 
fort to discount the falsehood a few weeks. 

She sighed and replaced the pen os the 
table. " Perhaps I may have better luck 
elsewhere." she whispered, as if talking to 
herself. 

" But you will at least leave me your 
name and address ? " I called nut, looking 
with all my eyes at that inexorable face 
curtain. 

Perhaps she noticed my eagerness and 
resented it. She simply replied that it 
would be no trouble to call again in a few 
days — perhaps to-morrow. 

As she rose to go I had a glimpse of a 
letter that she held iober band. The ad- 



liiusitive about. Possibly nature, in un- 
kindly mood, had left a permanent disfig- 
urement and given the fine mouth and 
voice and figure as a partial recompense. 
And possibly she was only a sensible, 
everyday girl', plain or pretty, and did not 
regard the cut of her feature^ as a legiti- 
mate factor in the business in hand. 

The sun rose an hour earlier for me the 
nest day and set an hour later. Not a 
moment of which time did I desert my 
post. But she didn't come. Nor the next, 
nor the next. I grew discouraged, dis- 
gusted, frigid. From the bottom of my 
heart 1 regretted ever having seen the girl. 
Should a luckless fate ever confront me 
with her again I would greet her with 
some expression of icy politeness (already 
formulated), make my regrets with becom- 
ing dignity, and forever dismiss her from 
my thoughts — veil and all. 

My glacial period bad lasted a week 



nmit of 
raging 

Vesuvius. Talk of the incense of your 
Seraph censers! my nostrils (and I wheeled 
dreamily in my chair) were quivering with 
the ravishing odor of— 

"Eppels, o-oranges!— Shure an' it's 
thought ycz he dead entirely, 



meselluf 

so quoit loike- 

" Mother of Methuselah ! 
rasping and glaring like ai 
gedian. "how — how dare 
s you l^^ 



ceched, 

As long 
-Oh ! 



She^ 



■ather tall. 



thing more than peHte, and a 
trifle under " well rounded." 
The upper part of her face * 
was still disguised by the 
veil, but I could see that her 
lower features were finely 
molded and her voice was 
timid and musical, as Jack 
had remarked. I waited for 
her to remove the veil. 

" I thought you might 
possibly have something for 
me to do to-day," she said. 
"I have been working at 
Jones's, directing circulars, 
making out accounts and 
doing all sorts of things. 
But they pay m little," and 
her lips parting in a little 
apology for a lauffh further 
piqued iny curiosity to see 
what was above them. 

She paused, but I said _____^_^__ 
uothing. My position was 
a subordinate one. with a liftle scrap of 
an oflice to myself, and all affairs of state 
like employing help were transacted at the 
other end of the building. 

She made a motion to go. " You write 
then," I said jerkily ; "write at Jones's. I 
must have seen you there." Jones's, like 
the concern for which I worked, was a 
yellow-back publishing house, where the 
killing of Indians was ttie chief industry. 
My fancied recollection, however, was 
only a weak bribe to the veil to suspend 
its functions, but it didn't work. The 
only effect was to greatly stimulate my 
curiosity. 

" Yes, I write a very fair hand." 

"I haven't the least doubt of it!" 

How could a dainty tittle creature with 
such music iu her voice and such delicate 
tapering fingers do otherwise? Then a 
genuine inspiration seized me. 

"You wouldn't mind giviug me a 
specimen ? " 

"Oh! certainly not. You think you 
will want me to write ?" 




hang-slang it all. anyway, just mv luck 1 '' 
To think that I should be tlius humili- 
ated by a lobster-faced purveyor of ques- 
tionable fruits ! It was the straw that 
broke the camel's back. 

That night I bolted the door of my 
room and remorsely murdered two old 
trappers who had been doing business in 
our books for 20 years, scalped four Paw- 
nee braves and burned a 
----- .. ^^=1 beautiful squaw at the stake. 
Looking back at it from this 
distance I only wonder at 
my forbearance in not exter- 
minating the whole breed of 
redskinsand letting the busi- 
ness go to the dogs. Next 
morning I took my corpses 
down to the office, drew my 
money and then resigned. 
^ It would be no use. gentle 

r^vN^ reader, to harrow your feel- 

"""^ ""^ ings by describing my own 

for the next few weeks. 
There may have been Gross- 
er, more mad-doggish people 
in the world, bvt I was for- 
tunate enough not to meet 
one of them, or our teeth 
might still be untangled. 
Thepleasures of cemetery life 
began to assert themselves 
with three feet of earth shut- 
ting out the odious sunlight 
and no one to drop a tear. 
It would be wicked to wish 
for death, but none the less 
gratifying if it would be 
obliging enough to (urn up. 
Meantime I would shut my- 
self up and give this false 
and hollow world a chance 
to scuffle along without me. 
But even to a painfully 
disgusted man the anchorite 
business has its discourage- 
ments, especial ly if one's 
landlady begins to exhibit a 
lively interest in the matter 
of his pecuniary prospects. 
Circumstances entirely 
beyond ray control event- 
ually compelled me to re- 
enliot in the Indian war, still 
fiercely progressing on Vau- 
demud street. 

Opening a drawer of my 
old desk the first thing that 
met my glance was a scrib- 
bled memorandum of the ad- 
dress on the letter of my 
mysterious visitor of the veil. 
Relentless fate could do no 
more. I grew unspeakably 
indignant. What nght had 
this creature to thus pursue 
me ? You may smile, but I 
leave it to you if any man of 
spirit could tamely submit 
to be hounded in this re- 
morseless fashion. What 
right had any young \ 



with I 



i like a dove and 



By W. h. Robinson, Ocala, Fla. 



dress was partially obscured by her thumb, 
and I had no opportunity of scrutinizing 
it as to detail. The impression it made 
upon me is shown as well as I can counter- 
feit it by the diagram on the next page. 

I confess to you that that veil caused 
me no little annoyance all the rest of the 
day. It interfered with business. I 
couldn't tomahawk an Indian decently, be 
cause the veil would invariably come be- 
tween me and my cherished victim at the 
critical moment. And at night, when my 
dreams had wafted me to the seashore, it 
rose up unexpectedly ond quite obliter- 
ated a delectable vision of the prettier 
Miss Blank, just as I wa.'t about to join her. 

Singularly enough, the thing seemed to 
draw me to it. I felt that I would give 
anything to own it, hold it in my hand, 
examine its mysterious texture with a 
glass. There was something inexplicable 
about it, something uncattny. What pur- 
pose could it serve ? Possibly the owner's 
face was marked by some transient defect 
I of complexion, which all womankind is so 



without any symptoms of a thaw, when one 
morning there came another tap at the 
door. Coincidently with the sound of it 
a violent rebellion broke out within me. 
My heart began to hop around among my 
ribs like a great big flea. 

" Come in," I called huskily, fixing my 
eyes on the paper before me with an ex- 
pression of intense concentration. 



I the I 



" Come in," I snorted, instantly closing 
my mouth to prevent my liver escaping. 

There was an indescribable buzzing in 
ears. The knob turned slowly, cautiously. 
I felt: a creeping sensation as though 
in the presence of a demortalized spirit. 
Noiselessly the door opened. All this I 
was perfectly aware of, though my face 
was turned in the opposite direction. The 
intensity of my gaze blurred the lines on 
the paper. Footfalls on the carpet — soft, 
hesitating, exquisitely delicate. Merciful 
Genii, I hope you have dissolved that veil ! 

It seemed as though I hud swallowed a 
small bli/zard, which was percolating up 



the best part of her face i 
total eclipse to thrust herself 
upon a man in business hours 
and almost cry for work that 
she plainly didn't want ? 
I felt myself growing sav- 

, age. Cannibalistic instincts 

were beginning to assert 
themselves, I must get down to the roots 
of this awful mystery without loss of time 
or my doom would be sealed. 
But how ? 

Obviouslv the first thing was to hunt 
up Tuttle- Theophilus V. Tuttle. Who 
was this Tuttle, anyway ? Where was he, 
what was he ? Ah ! what ? a brother 
most likely, in which case, after falling on 
his neck, I might get points on prosecut- 
ing the search for Miss Tuttle— that is, 
barring contingencies. But if he were an- 
other— (Ac other ? Could it have been 
this crafty impertinent Tuttle's influence 
that had 'caused the girl to break her 
appointment ? Ha ! was I not a scalper 
by profession ? 
"My plump frieud, the directory, came 
down from the shelf. Stupid tome ! Stuf- 
fed and padded with Smiths, Browns and 
Robinsons galore and all sorts of every 
day people whom one has no mortal inter- 
est in, but never a gleam of light on the 
existence of one Theophilus V. Tuttle. 
What if this Tuttle were a horrid myth. 



part'of^tbc sclR-mf to destroy my pea<ecf 
mind? Hold: May be it wasn't Tuttle 
after nil. Now I renopmber that the form 
of the surname ioilial was somewhat un- 
certain. It might have been meant for a 
Y. I have a friend who affects L's of that 
imttern. As a wliinosical S it was not an 
Impossibility All that was absolutely 
certain about the name was the terminal ttU. 
Who ever heard of a Yattlc, Yettle, 
Yittle, Yottle. Yultle '( or even a Yeelle. 
Yootle ? Not I, nor the directory man. 
Settle seemed promising, but the va- 
(jnries of all the fathers of that tribe 
had failed to cryBtallize into a eoli- 
lary Theophilus V. Nor was there any- 
thiofr at all resembling it among all the 
columns and platoons of Littles— not even 
a beggerly T. V. It was hard to bring 
myself to the point of suspecting that such 
a bewitching smile and voice could have 
anything in common witha Turtle; Tiltle, 
Tattle, Tootle seemed equally ]ireposter- 

Now, I will take you into my confidence 
and confess that T am not an extraordi 
narilv brilliant person, else you might 
wonder why it had not occurred to me 
that Theophilus V. might reside far, far 
far away. All I could see of the post- 
office address had been N k. Perhaps 

Newark, peradventiire Norwalk. possibly 
Norfolk, or one of the seven hundred and 
forty odd North Fork, New Creek and 
other post-offices running from N to k 
which blossom out over our country like 
grasshoppers on a prairie. The further 
from home my imagination strayed the 
more exhilarating became the quest. 
Whoever he be, wherever he be, his must 
be the home from which this adorable 
creature had gone forth to make her own 
way in the world. Delightful contempla- 
tion! I would buy a postal directory and 
open a grateful correspondence with him 
at once-all of him. 

Y'et the plan was not without its draw- 
backs. Seven burning epistles to seven 
sup|io8titious people beginning with each 
of the letters L, S. T and Y m;ikes twenty- 
eight letters to each person, which multi- 
plied by seven hundred and forty-seven 
post-offices makes — a very serious problem 
in correspondence. True, I might hire a 
duplicating machine or n printing press, 
but that seemed hardly the thing. 

One hope remained to me now — Jones's. 
All day I hugged it to my beating heart 
waiting for the girls who worked there to 
cnme out. Now, girls are gregarious ani- 
mals, and it is distinctly unpleasant to 
address a delicate inquiry of this kind to 
many of them at a time. Stealthily ap- 
proaching two who were lurking in the 
rear I addressed them as calmly as I could : 

*' Beg pardon, ladies, but would you be 
kind enough to tell me if Miss Tuttle has 
left work for the day t" 

" Miss w/io?" they inquired in a breath. 

" MisB Little," I unsftered briskly. 
" Addresses circulars, makes out accounts 
and does all sorts of odd jobs." 

Both shook their heads. "There's a 
girl in the next room whom I don't know 
very well," one of them said. "Is she 
very tall ? " 

" Well, no, that is, not so very — rather 
tallish, too; just a shade — " 

" Stoops in one shoulder? " 

"Naw! straight as an arrow, dresses in 
black, tiniest little hand in the world 
never such—" 

" Great brown — " 

" Immensely great brown eyes! " I ex- 
claimed in a burst of fervent admiration, — 
"always wears a veil,— a long, thick, 
black, abominable veil. ITes, lustrous 

' ' I was speaking of her hat. This girl's 
eyes are blue." 

"Blue as agates! " I cried, "Why to 
be sure; I thought you said blue." 

'* And I don't think her name is — what 
did you say her name is ? " 

" Tuttle," the other girl suggested. 

"Little," I corrected, steing no gleam 
of recognition. 

" Not Lit—" 

"Not Settle i" I snapped. "Are you 
quite sure it isn't Sea-i-oo-ttle," rolling 
mv tongue in a violent effort to cover the 
entire range of vowel combinations. 
" But you do remember the (tU—now 
don't you? No one could forget that— or 
the veil. Why I thought every one at 
Jones's knew Miss Yattle." 

The girls were speechless from aslouish- 
raent. The case was desperate. I could 
hardly stand for dizziness and struck out 
blindly: 

"The ff.ct is, ladies, you will excuse my 
excitement when I assure you I haven't 
seen Miss Turtle for years and yean.. 
Babies together, she and I and Theophilus 
V. Dear little companion of my child- 
hood ! tiniest little tot when I 'saw her 
last." 



POINTS FROM LIVE TEACHERS 



"Young woman!" I cried, fiercely, 
" she was born in that veil, she has 
lived in it all her life, she will die in 
it. I admit having told you a stupid lie, 
but it was all for her good. The fact is, 
a distant grandfather has just died and 
left that voung lady an enormous fortune. 
E-//or-mo'u8. /am that— I mean— that is 
— young ladies, don't trifle with the feel- 
ings of a desperate man! don't torture me 
longer! If you know of any likely Toung 
woman named Settle, Sittle. Sattle, Suttle; 
Lettle, Little, Lootle; Yattle, Yottle, Y'ut- 
tle; Tittle, Tattle. Turtle— or any girl 
with a preposterous veil and a friend 
named Theophilus V. Settle. Sit—" 

But they had fled in utmost confusion. 
I think they thought I had an attack of 
hydrophobia. 

Nearly a year had gone. Time had 
softened the sting in my heart, and the 
shadow of the great veil mystery was 
passing out of my life. I had settled 
down to my quiet vocation of accumulat- 
ing Indian pelts, and had put my folly be- 
hind me forever. 

It was a fine morning in May. The air 
was light and dreamy, my armchair never 
more comfortable— just the day for a sigh- 
ing love reminiscence. 

There was a noise as of the rustle of a 
dress. I looked up languidly. The figure 
of a girl, motionless, statue like. 

"Beautiful as Hebe!"l cried, under 
my breath, looking straight into her 



Professional Exchange. 



Tlieorlea and Pri 



rlou 



I Polu 



// h,j a p. /Mucr.] 
ON'T let the freshues.« 
our life go out like 
mdle by worrying 
-yourself over knotty 
problems in vour work, 
until you come to that 
iviting stage 
depicted at the 
left by our artist. 
It is worry that 
kills, not work, 
and a live teacher 
is worth any num- 
ber of dead ones. 
If difficulties arise— and they surely will— 
you must tight them down, to be sure, but 
that doesn't mean that you are not to profit 
by the wisdom and experience of others. 
The Journal has a plan which it pro- 
poses to develop more fully in the next 
twelve months than ever before. It is a 
sort of " telephone plan," with The Jour- 
nal as "central." When you come to a 
hard part ring u&.up by mail with particu- 





"i had a Glimpse of a Letter." {See preceding page. 



radiant face. The mouth and chin I had 
seen before. "Whom do jou wish to 
see ?" 

" I came"— the voice had lost none of 
its velvety smoothness — " you remem- 
ber — " 

"Yes, I remember; you came looking 
for work "—my voice was tremulous — 
" and I sent you away." 

"But you will not now." She came 
nearer- so near that 1 felt the touch of her 
hand. Jove ! Was there ever such an- 
other hand? What grace of posture was 
hers ! How soothing the influence of her 
presence ! " Y'ou will never " 

What else she said was lost to me, but 
the music of it rings in my ears this 
minute. My senses were steeped in a de- 
licious languor. I was only conscious of 
the thrill of a divine pleasure. 

Fairy hands had hung the room in pur- 
ple and gold, set off with the shimmer of 
silver and the flash of crystal. Soft lights 
glinted from the frieze. There was the 
sheen of porphyry and the subtle odor of 

Slowly my listless eyes arose until they 
looked full into her own. Such lustrous 
eyes behind dark sweeping lashes ! So 
softly they looked— such sweetness in 

Then 1 felt a cold shiver. "The veil ! 
The veil ! " I shrieked, leaping to my feet. 
" Where — where ? — " 

The purple and gold had faded. Gone 
was the glitter of the jewels. The girl, 
too, had vanished. I rushed to the hall- 
way ; no fleeting vision there. 



kind and sympa- 

ou an apology for 

iducing the fig- 



Plainly enough, i 
thetic reader, I ow 
not more specificall; 
ures of this peculiar history. The fact 
I am not overproud of my own part in it 
and prefer to remain ineo(/. As for Mi 
Lady of the Veil, why really I would pre* 
sent you with all my heait— if only I knew 



lars. and we will undertake to switch you 
on to some specialist in that line who will 
answer through these columns for the 
benefit of the profession at large, and you 
in particular. That will probably lead to 
other answers from other teachers who have 
differed ideas and different ways of ac- 
complishing the same result, and all of us 
will probably know more about the matier 
at the end than we did before. 

We ask for inquiries from teachers on 
any points that may have presented diffi- 
culties to them, with or without brief 
statements of their own methods of over- 
coming such difficulties ; also statements 
appertaining to new or unique features 
in methods of teacbiug, etc, Inquiries, 
etc., relating to a single feature are pre- 
ferred. They must be terse and to the 
point. Let us hear freely from our friends 
in the writing schools, business colleges 
and penmanship departments of the public 
schools. Below is something ib point. 



Editor op The Jorp 



Thei 



■ diffei 



gard t 



opinions m re- 
position in the class room during 
the writing hour, and while I think that 
the right side is not the natural position, 
and is not used in business college teach- 
ing, yet it ia the only position that should 
be used in public schools, for the follow- 

The teacher, standing at the right side 
of the room, can see the position of each 
book, band and arm when looking across 
the rows and down the aisles, and can 
keep them in the proper position, aA th? 



front and back of the desk are a constant 
guide to the proper position of book and 
fore-arm. The body can be more easily 
kept erect, as there is lesa liability of 
bending over and lying down on the desk 
than in the front or any other position. 
The right fore-arm is not so liable to get 
off the desk, and the arm and book take 
up lef-s room. Any teacher who has tried 
the different positions in public schools 
will acknowledge that the greatest uni- 
formity of position can be obtained by 
having pupils turn the right sides to the 
desk. Howard Champlin, 

special Pcnmamhiv Ttncltrr in Ptiftllr 
Sfhoofn i)f Manclic^ter, A". H 



This is from a penmanship teacher of 
many years' experience: 
Editor ok The Journal: 

I am led to believe from my own expe- 
rience that many young penmen who have 
worked faithfully to acquire the right 
movement have failed and given up in 
despair from the unnoticed and apparently 
trivial fact that their seats were too high 
or too low. 

When I have had occasion to occupy a 
too high seat in writing I have suffered 
from having to bend ray body down in 
order to rest the muscles lightly on the 
table, thus giving an uncomfortable posi- 
tion, and rendering an easy movement im- 
possible. I have also noticed when writ- 
ing from a seat too low that I could not 
control my arm to the degree essential to 
true and easy motion, and have often 
while writing in such a position for a few 
moments felt my arm grow numb and un- 
controllable. I have also observed that a 
very slight difference in the height of the 
seat will considerably influence the move- 
ment of the arm and hand. 

I would like to hear from others on this 
point, as I am of the opinion that nothing 
in the line of writing can be done without 
a perfectly free and easy movement. 

S. M. 

The following is from the teacher first 
quoted above: 
Editor of the Journal : 

The{)uestion is often asked, " Can pen- 
manship be taught in public schools 
without using copybooks?" In answer 
to this, I will say that I have seen it tried 
in New Y'ork (Mty, Brooklyn and in several 
other places under most favorable circum- 
stances by good teachers, and it is a fail- 
ure. In schools where it has been tried 
for a year or more I find bad spacing, 
irregular slant, too small letters, and in 
each grade or room a tendency to imitate 
the teacher's peculiarity, especially in 
capitals. The teachers in each room write 
on a different slaut, and not one in tei can 
write or teach anything but a slow finger 
movement, drawing out the letters, aod in 
fact it is ouly o drawing lesson. It is al- 
most impossible for the average pupil to 
carry the irasgeof a perfect letter from the 
blackboard to paper; and the result is 
much irregularity in the penmanship of 
the pupils. 

In visiting the public schools of Con- 
necticut some time since I found several 
principals of schools who were trying to 
teach penmanship from blackboard copies, 
using blank paper for books. The only 
thing that can be said of this kind of 
teaching is that it develops much indi- 
viduality and not much else. 

The principal of a public school in 
Windsor Lock, Conn., who has tried it 
for some time, has acquired a local reputa- 
tion as an anti-copybjok tcicher of pen- 
manship; and at local teachers' institutes 
"he has made a number of converts. But 



l9^;|>\\.i{T 



HINTS TO LEARNERS. 



if Bro. J. 8. Cooley, who is a good teacher, 
but no peomaD, could see some of the 
resultn his converts are getting he would 
be surprised and astonished. 

The only substitute for ab engraved copy 
that has ever proved a success in puWic 
schools is a carefully written copy upon 
slips of paper that can be moved down the 
page as fast as a Imc is written. This 
calls for an amount of time and manual 
Bkill 00 the part of the teacher which 
very few possess. 

The copybook hns its defects, but of 
the two evils, I prefer a perlectly en- 
graved copy to an imperfect blackboard 
imitation in any and all grades of the 
public schools. 

One very important help in teaching 
writing is the ability to write well upon 
the blackboard. The question is some- 
times asked, " Which system of copy- 
books do you think best adapted to teach 
in the public schools 'f " My answer to 
this is, that the systems prepared by 
special teachers of penmanship, who have 
devoted a lifetime to perfecting a method 
of teachine. are better adapted to school 
work than those systems engraved by 
business college teachers. I will not name 
any particular system of copybooks, but 
those wbo are familiar with them will 
know which I mean. 

HOWAHD ChAMPLIN. 

Practice Fapfr In Public School Work^ 
Uoto Should it be Jtiiled f 

EniTOR OF The Journal : 

It is customary in graded schools to 
have pupils begin with staff-ruled paper 
in the lower grades, and end with the or- 
dinary single-ruled paper in the higher 
grades. Will the teachers explain their 
method of transfer from one to the other ? 

When I began teaching I found in gen- 
eral use paper that was divided into four 
spaces between the base lines, and there- 
fore adopted it. I experienced much 
trouble in getting good results, in the 
first room using paper without these 
spaces. 

I could find no satisfactory reasons for 
dividing into four spaces and writing be- 
tween three, so this year had our paper 
exactly like ordinary letter cap, ruled into 
three spaces between the base lines ; and 
for that intermediate room half the sheet 
is staff-ruled and the other half plain. 

Does any one use similar paper, or know 
of any firm keeping it in stock ? I had 
to give a special order for ours. 
Yours truly, 

Lucy E. Keller. 
Grand Haven, Mich., Public Schools. 



Short Chats with Learners. 



ONE good thing to keep in mind, boys, 
is that if you have placed yoursell 
under the tuition of a teacher you must 
give him your fullest confidence or the 
result will not be satisfactory to you or to 
him. Different teachers have different 
methods of reaching precisely the same 
end. It weakens a teacher's work to have 
his pupils depart from the methods he has 
laid down, by adopting every new notion 
they may see or hear of. This applies 
particularly to pupils in the business col- 
leges and writing schools. Give the 
teacher a chance to develop things in his 
own way. If anything new comes to your 
attention — for instance, different methods 
which look promising — bring them to his 
attention before adopting them. If he be 
a progressive teacher he will not hesitate 
to advise yon to study and practice what 
it will be good for you to know, whether 
the idea originated with him or not. If 
someone would invent a plan to save the 
world waste lahor — the enormous amount 



It will be a waste of labor and a serious 
check upon your speed also to affect a large, 
conspicuous style of writing, which some 
correspondents appear to regard as requi- 
site. This has the additional disadvantage 
of making correspondence unnecessarily 
bulky. It means more paper, more post- 
age, more filing room, more chances of 
having a letter divided, causing delay and 
annoyance in looking up correspondence, 
and against all these disadvantages the 
large writing has nothing special to recom- 
mend it. Do not understand us as com- 
mending a cramped or microscopic style of 
penmanship, which is without any excuse 
at all. and has not even the advantage of 
ready legibility which usually attaches to 
over large writing, A medium hand is 
best. ^ 

Here is another important consideration 
— unity of form, which is very essential to 
rapidity and excellence. He who makes 
one thing a specialty would naturally 
acquire greater facility and correctness 
than his fellow who divides twice as much 
time among half a dozen things. It is not 
that you become expert in the 



Exercises for Practice, 




Free Commereiat Schoola. 

Editor Penmak's Art Joprnal: 

I closed ray college in June and did not 
reopen owing to my accepting the princi 
palship of the new Free Commercial 
School, which is among the public schools 
in this city, first opened in September. 
The course is completed in 10 months. 
All branches usually taught in commer- 
cial Colleges being embraced in the course. 
Students are admitted only at the begin- 
ning of each term. Will you kindly men- 
tion in your paper some of the cities in the 
United States which have such schools. 
G. A. Tkansue. 
Pottaville, Pn. 

Free commercial schoola are something 
of a novelty to us. We have occasionally 
heard of efforts in this direction, but so 
far as our information goes they have 
never prospered. We believe there is a 
free commercial school in the City of San 
Francisco. Perhaps some of our readers 
are better informed in this respect. 



The habits of turning the hand over to 
the right, and of pinching the pen staff, 
their causes and remedy. 

Should a left handed person be com- 
pelled to use his right hand for writing 1 

Teaching by analysis— should forms of 
letters be taught as wholes or by 



Waterproof Ink. 

F. H. E. Bragg, Fairchild, Me., wants 
to know where he can get a waterproof 
ink. We know of no writing ink that 
water will not affect to some extent. Per- 
haps an article with a basis of grease. like 
lithographer's ink, would come nearer to 
it than anything else. 



of hand and mind, energy that is being 
thrown away everyday by people with the 
best intentions— what a great benefactor 
he would be ! 

You boys who are learning to write with 
a view of using that writing for purposes 
of ordinary business, remember this : 
Much labor is thrown away by making use 
of a multiplicity of complicated forms. 
Simple forms are far more easily acquired, 
more readily executed and more easily 
read than complicated ones, however 
ornate and however attractive they may 
appear to the professional view. That is 
not all. They are worth ten times more 
than the complicated ones for business 
purposes. Those that cost the most are 
worth the lea.st. What would you think 
of a merchant who made a habit of pur- 
chasing cheap merchandise at the price of 
the best ? His chances of success would 
certainly not be very promising. The 
&ame reason applies to you if you spend 
your time on a style of waiting, that, in 
spite of its increased cost, is not at all the 
article you must use in business. 

Then there is the highly important 
question of speed to be considered. The 
reward of labor, whether of the clerk or 
mechanic, is governed by the results it 
can produce. The clerk or copyist who 
can write one hundred words in the time 
required by another to write fifty, and do 
it just as well, will certainly, other things 
being equal, command twice as much pay. 



knowledge and maunfacture of all the 
various forms of letters, particularly capi- 
tals, which the caprice of individual 
writers has suggested. However "dashy" 
they may appear to you, it is infinitely 
more to the point that you acquire the 
knack and skill of executing correctly 
and rapidlv simple forms that admit of 
ready connection with other letters. Such 
forms constitute ideal business penman- 
It is a trite saying that "practice makes 
perfect,'* and a very true one with proper 
qualifications. That is to say, practice of 
the right kind and in the right way tends 
toward perfection. The reverse of the 
proposition is just as true. Misdi- 
rected practice leads in a precisely oppo- 
site direction by confirming error, 
strengthening it into habit and increasing 
the difficulties of attaining to that perfec- 
tion which is the object in view. We 
have known most inveterate scribblers, 
who never became even passable writers, 
and never will, so rooted in them is this 
particularly vicious habit. The hand, how- 
ever much exercised, can never acquire 
skill to execute beyond the power of the 
mind to conceive and direct. It is thought 
that imparts the power for well directed 
practice which alone gives skill and per- 
fection. 

The pupil must study carefully the forms 
and structure of letters, precisely as a 
mechanic would studv the mechanism of 



any article which he is required to dupli- 
cate. He should analyze carefully the 
letters and learn the exact structure of 
correct forms. No pupil should allow 
himself ever to make a letter carelessly. 
After having written a word scrutinize it 
with a view to ascertaining in what respecta 
it is defective, keep these well in .sight and 
in your next effort try to correct them. 
You may not succeed the first time, or the 
second, or the third, or even for many 
days, but the tendency of such efforts will 
be to correct your hand, and no labor 
spent in this way can be in vain. 

You see we are very particular about 
form. Some teachers pretend to say that 
they " let form look after itself," but we 
have noticed that things which are left to 
look after themselves are generally not 
looked after. We lay great store by form, 
but not at the expense of movement, 
which is the power or force of which form 
is the result, and it requires a good motive 
power to produce a good result. By all 
means pay particular attention to move- 
ment, and let it have a large portion of 
your time in practice. W hat we have said 
above about careful and correct practice ap- 
plies just as forcibly here as it did when we 
were speaking more particularly of form. 
We have been talking about educating the 
mind so that it will instantly grasp and 
identify the shape or .structure of a letter 
Now in movement we are educating the 
muscular rather than the mental faculty. 
They must go hand in hand. You must 
have the proper machinery for executing 
the structure, else all the knowledge in 
the world of the shape, appearance and 
characteristics of that structure would not 
avail you. We know a man who is thor- 
oughly posted as to the architectural de- 
tails of the great Capital building at 
Washington— knows just how much mate- 
rial was required, how much it cost, how 
it is put together, but for all his fine 
knowledge it would puzzle him to build 
a chicken-coop. We must have the prac- 
tical knowledge and the proper materials; 
mere theoretical knowledge will avail 
nothing. 



The exercises presented herewith were 
photo-engraved from copy made by a pen- 
manship teacher of whom we have a high 
opinion~E. K. Isaacs of N. I. Normal 
School, Valparaiso, Ind, We commend 
tbeni to pupils for practice, which should 
be done with combined movement. This 
is what Mr. Isaacs has to say in connec- 
tion with such practice: 

The proper speed for the largest size ovals is 



D mopH around i 



the elbow. Keep thi- 
band Klide ar 



I'iting position wUilo practiciug tbe vertical. 



horizontal and back slant e 



dom and 

But do not raise the arm froai the Uible 
it down, rolling on the muscles. The e 
indieato the direction of tbe motion. 



We regret the necessity of laying over 
next issueMr. Kibbe's paperou engross- 
ng, handsomely illustrated with a model 
let of resolutions. This did not reach us 
n time for press. 

I heard the hf Hit on Chrisiman Day 
Their old familiar carols play. 
And wild and aweet 
The words rrpenf 
Of Peace on Earth, (iond Witl to Men! 
—Longfellow. 



Circulars with full particulars of Mr. Henry 
Goldman's " Advance*! Sysieiu of Checkmg 
Eirors," etc., may be bad by sending a postal 
to tbe address given in bis adv. in another 



To M. B. C.~ 
lieve that tbe a' 
you refer, is e 
opportunity pr^ 
lego is a gotxi 
this number. 



Handwriting of Junius. 



Chlroiimplilt 



[ Thf^e papers were be^n in the October 
nuiulicr of THE Journal. They are baaed 
upon a revmt in the " London Quarterly Re- 
tine'^ of *'The Banditriting of Junius, 
ProfeMionally Ineestiffated," n large quarto, 
hy ' Sir Edifiard Ttouleton and Expert 
CharU* Chahot. Back nvmhem 10 ceiit^ 
McA.— Ed.] 

Id Junius to Woodfnil, the two letters 
V and e of the second syllable of the word 
'* Cavendish " are omitted. The omission 
is signified by a character formed 



what after the following model, thus 



s 



This mark is the brand of Francis's hand, 
and, corroborated by other evidence, stamps 
that Letter as having emanated from him. 
The omission of the three letters w, a and 
r of the second syllable of the word 
" February " in the dating of that Letter, 
signified by a mark in perfect keeping 
with that employed by Junius, as in the 
following far-aiiiiihn : 

I ilo not remember, Mr, Chabot says, hav- 
ing seeu this mode of shortening a word in 
any other handwriting. It may have been 



the last century, but 
has attracted my attention in a very large 
amount of different handwritings of that 
period which I have examined in the British 
Museum. It occurs once only in the Junian 
' 1 the 



besides that already given, sufficient to show 
that that maik of abbroMation T\asaperuhar 
ityspeciallv btlongmg ■ ' 



The pit 


win 




iiistan 


tesof sietialtit^ in 




loin 










le« 


(nil 


othei 


,\ritel'i can be founil 


to pai-tR 


pat.1 


IVlth 




and Franciii i find 


in thur haml- 




nil to 


icidences of special 


formalioii of letto 


s, Iiut 


of special uses foi 


which particL 


lar 


01 mat 


ons only of certain 






iplovtd and notwithstanflint. 








Hofnti 


nimontliaiactcr tli. 


oppli.at, 


11 of 


Ml. I 




rticnlni u 1^ lo Ihi 


eiclusioi 












Sldf. 


ahh 






Iiotire an 


irhpi 




lalty ,n 


the two hand" rit 


Ings relat 


n"t 










ot 
ling 


thcth 


ds had the effect of 




alt 


lactei of the forma 



^.rs m the two haiidwritmgs 
now under cxammation Both Junms and 
Francis fi equentlj foimed the lettei-s m and n 



Isl, .!m;nis. aa, KnANCiK. 



preceding them and s 
character, and would il> > - ' 
roundness of form iehabnuiu i ui'-, iniwi 
was not so either with Junius or w itU Fm 
Moreover, they were both prone to 
words, commencing with >ii or n, to the w 



Wm\ IN HAIDWRITIIG, 



^ 



y 



(7>ifi9-<-^ 



_..rof those letters in a very marked 

er by changing the round form into a very 






specified words. 
Of these several points of agreement 
in habits between the handwriting of 
Junius and Francis, the first is the most 
striking, and deserves special study. The 
datings of the letters of Junius are char- 
acterized by the following nine points: 

1. The placing the note of place and time at 
the top of the letter, and not at the foot or 
close of it. 

2. The writing the whole in one line only. 

3. The writing the name of place. 

4. Placing the day of the month before the 
month, and not after it. 

5. Placing a stop after the name of place. 

. Placing a stop after the day of the 



The following fac-stmilet taken from 
Junius's third Letter to Mr. Grenville, 
illustrates the nine points: 



+ 



/A 



■{,^^<U}^ u. OoU4t^.l7&(9- 



'MjU 



4- 

■I + 

4 + 

Two instances of the letter m thus formetl 
occur in the Juniau hand, as in the words 
"man" and "money," written in the essay 
sent to Mr. Grenville, as in the foUdwing far- 



^"ifUtTUUu 



4/Ui^f^ 



iting of both Junius and Francis. 
We have selected the above similarities 
out of many hundreds of a like kind, 
merely as examples of the mode ot investi- 
gation adopted by Mr. Chabot in dealing 
with the formation of letters. We now 
proceed to mention some instances of 
habits common to Junius and Francis, 
which are not necessarily dependent on 
their mode of forming letters. Mr. Cha- 
bot enumerates ten such instances : 

1. The mode of dating letters. 

2. The placmg of a full stop after the salu- 
tation. 

3. The mode of signing initials between two 
dashes. 

4. Writing-in pamgraphs, 

■">. Separating paragraphs by dashes placed 
between them at their commencement. 
<".. Invariable attention to punctuation. 
7. The enlargement of the tlret letters of 

5. The insertion of omitted letters in the 
line of writing, and not above it, and the 
various modes of correcting mis- writing. 



Now it is remarkable that these nine 
points, and particularly the first eight, are 
found combined in most of the existing 
Letters of Francis. Many of these points, 
taken separately, are of common concur- 
rence in the openings of letters; but their 
combination is likely to be extremely rare. 
Mr. Chabot says he has never seen them 
combined except in Junius and Francis, 
and Mr. Twisleton, who has examined 
more than 3000 letters in the "Grenville 
Papers," the "Anson Papers," and other 
documents of the same kind, likewise 
states that he has never seen those points 
united in any other writer. Mr. Chabot, 
therefore, we think, is justified in adding 
that, "upon comparing a paper written 
anonymously with the known letters of a 
suspected party, such a combination in 
each document would carry suspicion to 
the highest point, and, united to a few 
only of other coincidences of equal im- 

Sortance, would, by an impartial mind, be 
eemed conclusive as to the reality of the 
suspected fact." 

Another habit which Francis had in 
writing was to put a fullstop after the 
salutation, thus: "Sir." "My Lord." 
This we find in forty-one out of forty-two 
letters in Francis's Letter Book. "The 
habits of different persons differ in this 
respect. Some put a comma, a few put a 
fullstop, a very few put a semicolon and 
the great maj >rity of writers put no stop 
at all after the salutation. Others do not 
follow any fixed rule, but sometimes put 
no stop, sometimes put a fullstop and 
iomctiraes put a comma. What was re- 
markable in Francis was his settled habit 
of marking his salutations with a fullstop. 
On scrutinizing Junius with a knowledge 
of this habit it will be found that in this 
volume there are twenty- five salutations of 
Junius; that he placed after every one of 
them either a fullstop or a line of separa- 
tion; that he substituted the line of sep- 
aration in seven instances only, which are 




in informal letters to his printer; while 
in twelve other letters to his printer, and 
in all his formal letters, such as the three 
Letters to Mr. Grenville, the first Letter to 
Lord Chatham, the Letter signed "Vin- 
dcx " and the Letter signed " Scotus," a 
fullstop invariably follows the salutation/* 
(To be coi\l\i\\ied.\ 

A Sumrner Jaunt Abroad. 

lVeiitnilnat«r Abbey ilie Prldi- or llip 
Britlsb Nation— PnrllRnirni Build- 
lne«— The IjOrdo In Semilon. 

[Sketches fko.m the Editor's Vacatiok 
NoTK Book. — No. 3.] 

HERE WE ARE in Loudon, the 
metropolis of the world. Every- 
where vistas of houses, miles and miles in 
extent, seemingly never ending. Thirty 
thousand miles of streets ! That is to say 
ten abreast for the distance between New 
York and San Francisco — enough to 
girdle the globe, with a lap over large 
enough to connect Chicago with St. 
Petersburg. Over five millions of inhab- 
itants ! — considerably more than all New 
England; one-twelfth the population of 
our vast country; twice the aggregate 
population of ten of our States. 

To "see " London is a matter of years. 
To describe what one can conveniently 
see in a week would be a matter of many 
Journal pagjs. We can only give a 
few passing glimpses and impressions. 

Our sight-seeing began with West- 
minster Abbey, that venerable and im- 
posing structure which has been so 
intimately associated with English his- 
tory since the early part of the twelfth 
century. The building is of the Gothic 
style of architecture and immense in its 
proportions. Its form is that of a cross, 
its extreme length being 511 feet, breadth 
203 feet, height of roof 102 feet. Within 
the walls of this historic building the 
coronation of the British mouarchs for 
(fnturies past has occurred. It is the 
l>nde of the nation, and bristles with 
splendid memorials of geniuses who have 
uided luster to the British name. Differ- 
. ut parts of the Abbey are devoted to 
these monuments, grouped according to 
the calling the honored dead had adorned. 
Resting in inclosed alcoves are the tombs 
of Britain's rulers from the time of flenry 
Vn, In another place is the "Poet's 
Corner," where the devotee of the rhyth- 
mic art may pour out his soul in reverence 
at the shrines of the great masters of En- 
glish verse. Here are memorials of the 
gentle Chaucer, father of English lyric, 
of the immortal Shakespeare, of lofty Mil- 
ton, brilliant, too-human Dryden, of. Gray, 
whose master piece to this day has more 
readers than any other poem in the lan- 
guage, of the caustic Beaumont, the witty 
Gay, of Thomson and Goldsmith, who 
wove such delightful fancies in the temple 
of indolence, of the stately Addison, and 
rare old Ben Jonson. Then there is the 
place of orators and statesmen, where rise 
the monuments of Pitt and Fox, Chatham, 
Wilberforce and many others whose 
flashing tongues have helped to make the 
flexibility and resources of the English 
language a wonder among all nations. 
Stilt other nooks are adorned by the me- 
morials of great engineers and inventors 
whose lives have enriched the world, as 
Watt and Stephenson, To do something 
in life that will entitle him to a niche in 
this great national mausoleum is an in- 
spiring hope with every ambitious English- 
In close proximity to the Abbey arc the 
Houses of Parliament. The building is of 
magnificent proportions, being 900 feet 
long by 300 deep. At either corner an 
imposing tower climbs sky ward. The 
tallest of these is the Victoria, which, at a 
height of 34fi feet, culminates in a belfry, 
from each of the four sides of which the 
face of a clock 30 feet in diameter looks 
down. This tower is one of the most 
conspicuous objects in London. The cost 
of the Parliament buildings is stated at 



FOR LEISUREREADING. 



£3,000,000, or about $16,000,000. The 
accompanying cut gives a better idea of 
their extent, geuerai appearance and style 
of (irchitecture than any words could do. 
Notwithstanding their magnificence they 
failed to impress us so forcibly as our own 
Capitol at Washington, 

We visited the House of Lords while 
that august body was in session. More 
than half of the members were lounging 
unconcernedly about the chamber with 
their bats on, and it did seem to our Yan- 
kee eyes that as a legislative body these 
solemn aristocrats of thp blood were not 
at all comparable to our Senate. While 
all men know that this body includes 
many men possessing great strength of 
character and intellectual fitness, a glimpse 
at the Lords in session is sufficient to 
realize the presence of many who, without 
any fitness for dealing with the intricate 



hibited at the Paris Exposition last year, 
and which is valued at $1,000,000, says 
the Ladies' Romt Journal. This is the 
most valuable stone in the world, and is 
owned by a syndicate. The biggest and 
best ruby in existence iscwned in London, 
and is valued at $50,000. It has no 
parallel, even in the Crown Jewels, and it 
is related that the Duchess of Edinburgh 
carried it all the way to St. Petersburg 
for the Czar to have a look at it. The 
tinest private collection of pearls in the 
world is owned by Madame Dosne, sister- 
in-law of M. Thiers. The biggest emerald 
in the world weighs 3980 carats, and is in 
the Imperial Jewel Office, in Vienna. The 
largest and costliest cat's-eye in the world 
is owned by a Moormim, of Ceylon, who 
dug it up himself from the mines. He has 
been otTered as high as $90,000 for it, but 
declined to part with it at that figure, say- 



already in use in the classic 
mother country. 

As for that : " I don't know as I am very 
clear whot he is driving at," 

Bad for ill : " Mary Bockhouse is as bad as 

To ca/ch a train : "Elsmere had caught the 
convenient cross-country train," 

Tachle : "Her vicar slowly descended to 
tackle his spouse." 

Human ; trying to make the Squire " behave 
UkeaAurtian." 

Cttstomer: " finds him a tough customer." 

Ejypect for suxpect : "so, I expect you are." 

Lit for lighted. Used repeatedly by Mrs. 
Wai-d. 

Folks • " but these poor folks are out of the 
world." 

Grif : "What the working class wanted 
beyond everything just now was grit." 

iVo great shakes : The doctor was " no great 
shakes." 

That good : " Mr. Elsmere has teen that 
good to them." 



TSK ENOlX^rjt'S BESQLlTIOyS. 

By William CowikofThkJoubnalOpfick. 
So you're the penman, are you f The rest o" 

ufi that's here 
Make up a deputation come up to se'er 
About some raysilootions we want got up quite 

(It's only somethin' extra would work its way 

with him). 
We'll tell you how it happ'ned. Wf'se naught 

but country folks, 
No great ideas of art-like, and none too much 

of "rocks," 
But mean to do it hon'some for a feller true as 

Whose only path is duty, and who's ever at 

his wheel ; 
When -death was trav'lin* to us. clapped on 

the brakes like light 
And made us thankful ever for the deed he did 

that night. 
You see it v 

for home 
While snow flakes fell around us 

'Twas nigh to Christmas time, and 



r this way: We i 



a the train 
like angry 
3ur driver 



The Journal's Autograph Album. 






z.^^^;^^'7'f^^tr3^^>^^^ 




problems of State, owe their exalted post 
s solely to the accident of birth. W' 
were fortunate enough to hear an add 
by Lord Salisbury, Premier, and were im- 
pressed with his dignified and forceful 
way of speaking. We were unable to 
gain admission to the Assembly Chamber 
of the House of Commons. 

In succeeding papers we propose taking 
the reader through the great British 
cathedral, St. Paul's, and the famous Lon- 
don Tower, the most interesting place of 
all, which for the best part of a thousand 
years has been almost as important a fac- 
tor in England's political history as her 
army and navy. A number of illustra- 
tions will be used. 

The Round Table. 

Shr»dM niitl PalclicFi of liilormulloii 
About TliluK* Cruv*', Gay, Willy, 
Wlae and OlUcrwInc. 

The Oood of V/ieap Jiooka. 

Books were never as cheap and as good 
as they are now. That is the best proof 
of our advance in civilization. A paper 
cover is no longer a certain indication 
that the contents of a book are sensational 
or immoral. Undoubtedly the paper cov- 
ers discourage the accumulation of lihraricis 
and thus an important element in home 
education is lost. But the main point is 
that by the cheapness of literature there is 
created a regard for in formation and study, 
which will stimulate a desire to iwsscss 
and preserve collections of bound vol- 
umts.— The Fountain, York, Pa. 

T/W VFoTla** Coaltwat «r»i« 

The largest perfect diamond in the 
world is now the Imperial, that was ex- 



ing that if he liked he could cut it up into 
forty small pieces, and sell each piece for 
about $5000, aggregating pretty nearly 
$200,000. 

The JVortd'a On-ateat Standina Army. 

There is in this country the greatest 
army in the world— not a standing army, 
but a constantly moving body of 700,000 
men.who march and counter march day and 
night, through heat and cold, from year's 
end to year's end. Every year they have 
2,000 killed and 20,000 wounded. One 
man in 357 lost his life last year, one in 
every 35 was wounded, and the total loss 
by the operatives of the army was 5823 
killed and 25,309 wounded. Upon the 
soldiers of this army 3,000,000 of our 
people depend for their living. This army 
and its soldiers are the railroad employees 
of America. — Per School ViidtoT, Madiaon, 
Wix. 

Amerlranlsma In England. 

A writer in the New England Jmtrnal 
of Education points out that Mrs. Ward's 
world-popular novel, "Robert Elsmere," 
gives proof that certain so-called Ameri- 



Laying : " walked by to bis writing table, 
drew some folios that were laying on it 
toward him." 

The Sound of Light. 

It has been discovered within the past 
year or two that a beam of light produces 
sound. A ray of sunlight is thrown 
through a lens on a glass vessel that con- 
tains lampblack, colored silk or worsted, 
or other substances. A disk, having slits 
or openings cut in it, is made to revolve 
swiftly in this beam of light, so as to cut 
it up, thus making alternate flashes of 
light and shadow. On putting the ear to 
the glass vessel, strange sounds arc heard 
so long as the flashing beam is falling on 
the vessel. 

This sentence illustrates well the im- 
portance ofproper punctuation in writing: 

" After him came Lord Salisbury on his 
head; a white hat on his feet; large but 
well-blacked boots on his brow; a dark 
cloud in his hand ; the unavoidable walk- 
ing-stick in his eyes; a threatening look 
in gloomy silence." Jonquill. 




Was thiukin' so and smilin' when— Heavens! 

right ahead 
Another train was standin' !— not much time 

for thought, 
The steam was bissiu' plenty, our fires were 

plaguey hot, 
He threw the throttle open and at ninety miles 

We scooted through them cars, sir, with un- 

oalculated power. 
We split 'em all like matchwood, went for 'em 

rip and tuck, 
And folks a settiu' in 'em never knew what 

struck ! 
iWere twenty on our local, and eighty on the 

smashed— 
I wonder what in thunder they thought us as 

we flashed! 

We want these raysilootions all gotten up 

The wordin' smooth and polished and porti'ait 

good of him, 
A picture of the engine a leapin' to the crash 
With us a lookin' easy, no thought of such a 

smash, 
And how'd our pictures do just to mind him 

For one as brave as that, sir, there's nothing 

too sublime. 
We're here to-day all right, sir, snatched from 

the jaws of death, 
And to the moa that saved us we owe each 

workiu" breath. 
Oh ! not in all creation is there good enough 

for such— 
About tliese raysilootions— they will cost how 



rl well, we don't 



2H«o hundred, did you s 

But after all maybe they'll look ,iust as well ii 



For stamps and dies, all kinds and for all 
purposes, Oouenal readers are referi-ed to W. 
Dietz, 117 Dearborn street, Chicago, 



chance, determines the 



Gray Board for RcHOlatloni 

e able to supply a very superior a 



. thick and cannot 
le sent by ©xpi-ess. 
Ov© sheets for $2. 
several who have 



Pln< 

We a 

cle of gray board for fine resolutions, etc.- 
the same quality that is used i 
Size 22 X 28. This is ex 
be rolled, therefore musi 
Price 50 cents a sheet, i 
We wish to say also t 
written that we shall permanently handle the 
roll drawing paper auuouuced some time 
since. For size and price see our list of pen- 
men's and artists' supplies in advortisf meut col- 



We are informed that the Chaffee Phono- 
graphic Institute, Oswego, is this year beating 
its own remarkable record for the number of 
pupils in attendance. The Phonographic 
News, which Mr. Chaffee publishes, contains a 
list of hundreds of names of young men and 
women who have stepped from the Chaffee 
Institute to profitable employment within the 
past few years. 



THE J-OTJI?,3Sr-A.L'S 1<T:E'^^ FTt:Hll^XlJ:i^ LIST. 



REGULAR PREMIUMS. 



Works of InBtruction in Penmanship. 

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This ii8?lul book IB whul it» Kumo implies. 
For:» CCDU extra tlienulde will be sent full 
bound In clotli. The n'Kiilur premium has 
livavy paper blndfnR. Price wben sent other- 
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A new cdltloo of the Guide has Just come from 
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We have mid riearlw a tltowiand nets a year to a 
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I aU ^ 



1 fra 



and they grace thousands of school rooms and 
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There are forty-two standard and 



who irrdern Aubs' Compendium 
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send it by registered mail on receipt of 
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Cooper's Lealhi 

The JornNAL has succf-eded in getting 1 
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Stocking Tales, which 
cheapness all pi-evious offers. The five thrilling' 
comprising this series—" The Deer 
jr," "The Last 

finder." " The Pioneer " and ■' The Prairie," 
In this edition bound in one large quarto 
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offer this work to the sender of one 
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lists, and no more thrilling 
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offered 

No. 2 -We will also 
offer the set of Cooper's Leather Stocking Tales 
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rhis set comprises the same works 
ted above, only each story is a book 
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Workfi. 

Hundreds of premium Dickens' Novels 

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instance the recipients seemed astonished that 

so much standard literature could be supplied 

We carry two different edl 

of the great Dickens' novels absolutely 
plete, as follows: 
1. "Oliver Twist. 



brightest g 



1 the 



either of the 



idea of the size of the«« editi< 

-. -.- -„ _.__if vou had to mt. ....... „. ,„. 

Dickens' sets or The Waverly. the pimtage alum 

would co»t you nearly 40 cr — — .. -~- 

We, however, pay all postage. 

Ames' Book uf Plourl»bes. 

Yielding to many solicitations we have c 
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Book of Flourishes on our ne 
(subject to withdrawal upon a 
in The Journal). The work c 
ci mens by seventy-two leading American pen- 
men— at least live times as many specimens of 
this character as any other work published 
The price in cloth binding wRh gold side a 
is SI. GO; heavymanllla bmcling.Sl. Will 
the book in cloth lor five now subs: for four 

subs and IW cents; for two now subs auil 90 

cent*.; for __ 

Hnd $1.25 ( 

I ; for one new sub. and ( 




24. "Count Kobert of 

25. " >ur«6ou'8 Daughti 
A complete set of Dickens and Scott should 

30 in every household. They are standard in 
jvery civilized country and language, and 






RUGBY EDITION OF BOOKS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE. 



Ailvt 



s of Ftunons Siiil- 
8 of Rob Roy, 



By 



a In Woo 



■npt. Mfl; 

dcrlond. Dy Low 

roll. 
Audubon the Nafnralift. By 

Mr», Horace St. John. 
AunI Diana. By R. N. Corey. 
Eurbiira's Triumph. By Mary 

A. Denlson. 
Boy Conqueror. 
Boy CruFoea ; or.TheTonng 

Boye' and Girls' StoryBook. 
Boy Hiintem. By Cnpt. 

Kfayne Rcid. 
Boys In tbi- Forecastle, The. 

By Geo. S, Coouicr. 
Boys of the Bible. 
Boy Slavea. By Copt. Mayn© 

Reid. 
Boy Tar. By Capt. Mayne 

Bruin.' By Caiit. Mnimo 

Bcid. 
Bush Boys. By Capt. Uayiio 

Cast lip bv the Sea. By Sir 

Samuel finkvr. 
Cliff Climbers. By Capt. 

Wayne Keid. 
Children's Slorieo. 
beep Down. By Ballan- 

Ijne. 
Desert Home. By Capt. 

JIaj-noReid. 
Dick Cheveley. By W. n. 

Dick Rodney. ' By J. Grant. 
Lasiern Fairy Legends, Cur- 
rent in Southern India. 
Ed;;eworlh'a rarente' As- 

Ed<rewortti'8 Mom! Tales. 

igili|^ _^^^^^ 

EriclJane. ByM.While, Jr! 
Erline the Bold. By R. M. 

DallaBtync. 
Esther. By Eoea N. Carey. 






_Maj 



■ade. The. By R. 

iinlyne. 

linresa. By Capt. 

for a Parthing, A. 

By Capt. 

End. By 



Esil< 



William H. Thayer. 
Fort Sumter to RoanoKu 

Island. By Wm. M. 

Thayer. 
Frank WIIdman'B Advea- 

By Frederick Geretaecker. 
From Powder Monkiy to 

Admiral. By Kinc'lon, 
Gn.=co>-ne. By B. Si- Bal- 

lantyne. 
German Fairy Talea. Trans- 

tated by Cljas. A. Danti. 

By 



Capt. C. lA.i 
Giraffe Uuntei 

Mayne Reid. 
Golden Jlagnet, The. ByG. 



By Capt. 



Kathanicl Hawthorne. 
Grey Hawk. By Jumos 

Macau lay. 
Harlle'p Letters. By Jacob 



nSeaa. By Frank 



IntheWildB of New Mexico. 

ByG. M.Fenn. 
JnckannpesandOtherTales, 

By Mra. Ewing. 
Jack Wheeler. By Capt. 

David Sonihwick. 
James Brailhwaite. By W. 

Land of Mystery.' ByR. H. 

Life at Sea. By G. Stables. 
Luke Bennet's Hide Out. 

By Capt. C. B. Ashley. 
Magician's Show-Box, The, 

and Other Stories'. 
Mark Seaworlh, By W. H. 

G. Kingaton. 
Merle's Crugade. By Rosti 

N. Carey. 



?r.boro|io Fort Pillow. 



[ysU , 

By Frank U.I 

Nature's Yoanc Nol 
By Brooke JlcCon 



By 



Eumi 

Nobleman. 

By Arthur Leo 

Waifl?. By Capt. 

By Capt. 

OldMeny' 

Trail of Geronimo, 
H.Jaj 

- S 
R-Hi 
A\ 

of 'the Jiinclo. By 
By W. 



Miiyne field. 
)dd i'eople. 

MayiicRtid. 
~ld Merry's Tr 

n Iho Trail oL _ 
ByR. H. Jayne. 

Our Young Soldier- 
•■ ■ — THamili 
Ad vent 11 



Mayne Reiil. 
Pole 10 Pole. Byr 



Ran A 



Byt 



Mavnc Reid, 
Ked Eric, The. uy K. jsi. 

Ball ant vne. 
RiHeand Hound in Ceylon, 

The. By Sir Samuel 

Roanoke Island toMnrfrees- 

horo. By Wm.M. Thayer. 
Robin Hood and Bis Merry 

Foresters. 
Round the World. By W. 

n. G. Kingston. 
Salt Water. By W. H. O. 

KinKslon. 
Saiidf ord and Mi 



Thrwo Tears 

alWolverton. 
Shore and Ocean. ByW.II. 

G. KinRston. 
SniuKE'er^B Cave, The. By 

Annie Ashmore. 
Spanish Fairy 






By Gor- 



Bird. By OordonSd 



Tiger Prince, The. By Wil- 
liam DallOQ. 
Tom Tracy. By Arthur Lee 



War Ticer. The. By Wil 

Whu'S Elephiint, The. By 

William Dalton. 
WhitoMuflang.Th:. ByR 

H. Jayne. 
Wild Adventnpes Around 

tho Pole. By Gordon 

Wild Sports In the Far West 

By Frederick Gersiaecker 
Wolf Boy In China, The 

By Willinm Dalton. 
Wonders of ihe Urcot Deep 

ByP. H Goese. 
TonngAcrobat. ByHoratlo 

Alger. 
Toung Advent 



By Willi 

ByP-^H 
onng/" 
Alger. 

Vonng Foresters, Tlio, ood 

Other Tales. 
Young Folks' Book of Birds 
YonngFolks'BookofBoc' 
Yontig Folks-' History 

France. By C. M. Yoi 
Toung Folks' History 

Germam-. ByC. M. Yonge 



YonngFolks'BookotBook: 
"ontig Folks-' History t 

France. By C. M. Yonge 
" ilks' Hist — -' 

jm-.ByC.M. _ „_ 

Toung Folks' History o( 

Tonng Folks' Eistory of 

Toung Voyagers. By Capt 
Mayne Reid, 

Toung Yilgera. - By Capt 

JIavne Reid. 
Toung Fotka' Historical 

TalfEi. By Willium and 

Robert, riiamhers. 
Tonng Folks' Tales of Ad 

ventures. ByWilliamand 

Robert ChambetB, 
YoungFolka' PopuiarTale? 

-■" Willium and Robert 



ud Robert 
ig Folka' >'atnral Bis- 



: books followlne a 




tkeda 



Fbest 



fully with a view of gettiDg 

published In this line and otTer tt e KuoBV 

Edition of twelve mos as an edition that 

books strongly made carefully printed 
and handsomely bound in cloth y ee cut 
above) fbey make ex client gift books 
andoielaigcly Amei lean copyright books 
We offer the Rugbv Edition for two new 
suhs lor one new sub and -Scents or foi 
renewal and 40 eenta W e know of no 
othei way In which such delightful and 
standard yountr people a books can be ob 
tained for "o little money or trouble For 
CI I amas New \car Biithday gifti etc 
nothing could be more ui propr ute 

We lave another edition of books of 
this character equally attractive known 
as the Bojs Home Series tprico $1 00) con 
taming works b> such renowned boy storj 
tnuel and adventure writereas Hoiat 
\lger Ir Edward s Ell James Otis 



Dr Danelson s Coun 


selor 


with Recipes 

IHslol f 'n'm noM '" '■« 
1 riBB Nf li il Prul t '«. 

'I'd ^lluslnite'a'''uolii i^ 


llcotwsV"" 




1 f^ECIPS* 


. . . u 


-___^ 



What Every One Should Know 



pa ( 



but t ' 



' particulurlj Inter 
these authoi-s m l will 
ir a t^o cent stamp 
IH1E8 are offered tn 

the RUQBY >«tBtci 



OXFORD EDITION OF STANDARD WORKS. 



1 Abbot, The BySirWal- 

2 Adam^Bede. ByG. Eliot. 

1 Airy Fairy Lilian. By I 

the Duchess. 
!i Alice. By Lord Lytton. 
B Alhambra. ByWashing- 

7 Andersen's Fairy Talcs. 

8 An April Lady. By tho 

Duchess. 

9 An Egypiinn Princess. 

An Ocean *h'r'aKedy. By 

W. Clark Ru>«e!l, 

1 AiiRlian. Bv Wm. Ware. 
■J Aiirorii Floyd, By Miss 

M. E. Bmddon, 

3 Aruliiiin Niglits' Enter- 



51 East LjTine. By Mrs. 

Henry Wood, 

52 Effle Ogilvie. By Mrs. 

Oiiphant. 

53 Egotist. The. By George 

Meredith. 
M Ernest Maltravers. By 
Lord Lyttoc. 
Eugene Aram. By Lord 

Lytton. 
Fair Women. By Mrs. 
Forrester. 
67 Faith and Unfalth. By 



20 Brfdo of L 

Bv Sir Wi 

21 Bride of th 



By Sir Wul 

Geoi^ Ebci 

Baker! 
e. ^ 

^■'' **■ ittc 

By Qui 

ar Charlotto Temple. By 
_ Mrs. Rowf "" 

28 Children of .. 

By RcglnaMaria Roche, 

29 Child'a Hii-tory of Eng- 

land. By Dickens. 

30 Christmas Stories. By 

Charles Dickens. 

31 Coming Race. By Lord 

Lytton. 

32 Coulngsby. ByLordBca- 

8'1 Cousin Pons.__By Balzac 



;ho Sea. By 
sirsamuei Baker 

Catherine. Thacki 

Ciiaplet of I'eiirls, 
Charlotte M. Yonge, 

Chnndoa. ByOu'" 

Charles A nchestci 

Chartotio Temp 

_ Mrs. Rowson. 



Forrester. 
Faith and U- 
Ihe Duches.*, 



ByL 



By Hni 



By John Buskin 

- ■ Der-ind 



69 Far f: 

Crov _. _, __. 
Felix Holt. By 

Eliot. 
61 File No. 113. By Emi 

Gaboriau. 
G2 First Violin. Th. 

C3For 

Kon__.. 
Fowl Play, 
Reade 

lying L 

tiarii RusseU. 

rcrtrriek tha C 

M_iihlbn( 

Gaboriau. 
^,tsic. 
Expccfnt 

TD Grimm's Fairy Tales. 11- 
Instruted. Bv the 

Judge 

Reade, 
n Gnildc 

74 Gnlllv 

Dean Swift. 

75 Guy Mnnneriug. By Sir 
Walter Scott 

7fl Hardy N. 

Ednal. .. 

Harry Lorreqner, 

"' "les Lever. 

Andy. ByL< 
..... Esm ' " 
M.^hack. 



Gaboriau, 

'"loli... 

lieade. 

Dutchman. ByW. 
U. 

Miihlb 

67 Gilded Clique. ByEmUe 
Gaboriau. 
Gold Elsie. By E.Marllit. 
Great Expcctnt''"" ""' 
Charles Dick. 

unf^ 
1 Green MonniainBiiys. By 

78 Oriffltli Gaunt. ByChaa. 

!ilderoj-. ByOuido. 



■) Dm 



By 



Edia Lyall. 

irles Lever. 
Andy. B, 
Esmond. By 

hackeray, 

80 House on the KIg 



By 



108 Monastery. By Sir 

Walter Scott. 

109 Monsieur Lecoq. Emilo 



By Poe. 
. Darling. 



llyJulc- V.'ui.-. 
llGNickof the Woods. 

117 Nicholas Kickleby. 

118 No Name. By Wllklo 

119 Not Like Other Girls. 

By Rosa N.Carey. 

IM Old Curiosity Sliop. 
]il Old Mam'selte's Sc- 

122 Old Myildleton'a Money. 

llyM. C. Hay. 

123 OliverTwist. 
134 Only 

125 OtJ^icr People' 

in\i 

138 Owrnn.ise.'i'he. '"ByE. 
Marlitt. 

129 Pair of Bine Etcs, A. 

ByThoma-.nnrdv, 

130 PatliQnder. ByJ.f'eiii- 

131 Paul and Viiglnla. 



irlcy. By < 



Broi 



157 Silence of Dean Mail 

■ ■ Maxwell Gray 

Book. By Wash 



n Black. 



33 !>i;i'l 

39 Dttud 

40 De. 
C 

41 Deerslayer. By J. Fcnl- 

J Duval. *By W. M, 
i Swce'thenrt. Bj 



land. _Mi 

100 Squire's Legacy. Bj 
Mary Cecil Hay. 

161 The Antiquary. BySii 
Walter Scott. 

1G2 Sirange Ad' 
Phailon, 

163 Strange 

L.'sti 



Walter 

idv 

Black, 
se of D 
Jekyil and Mr. Hydi 
By R. L. Stevenson. 
164 Strange Story, A. D 

Lora Lytton 
105 Sunshine and Ri 

issFa) 
I(!7Sv)"" 
](i8 T'a 



Bertha M, 

By On Ida. 

Dnke.' By 



Bea< 



70 Tht 



i Eve. By 



. denier"" ^^ 
... _ Guardsmen. By 

Alexandre Dumas. 
174 Tom Bro\vn'8 School- 



By E. ' 



By Bugli 

4 Hughes. 

~ MiehacrScott, 
" the Woi 
By Jules Verne, 



Thomas 1 „ 
178 Tom Cringle's Log. By 
"'-'—' '^cott. 
World 
" ilesV 
178 Twenty Years After. By 



Alexa 




Dictionary of American Pohtics 







Calne. 



Thackeray. 



86 John Ilnlifi 
' Juno. By W 



By Mies 

Forrester, 
iogly. By 



the DuchcM. 
44 Domhey and Sni 



Mast. ByR. 11. Dana, 

162 Tarda. BvGeorgEbers. 
183 Vanity Fair. By W. JU, 

Thackeray, 
ici The Vondetla. Balzac. 
Ib5 Vicar of Wnketleld. By 

180 Vivian Crey By Lord 

1-7 V-"r""py"Mi?3 M.E. 

- \: ' V\ SirWal- 

I'.'i W lull -Mn ft-Mlne, By 
I'l' w.uKii iimi Married. By 
I!i3 WkIliw lli-iioit Papers. 
lM\\iily lV>illy."'Bj''Vii- 



We have been just 
ing our books for 

young ones. Personal examination o£ a 
large nuniber of different editions has 
led to our selection of the Oxford edi- 
tion of twelvemos, (list to the left) as the 
best to be bad. Tbese are better books 
and eost us considerably more than the 
Alta Edition, which we have hereto- 
fore offered for two new subs., and which 
have given general satisfaction. They 
are printed on good paper, well bound 
with best of cloth, with head band and silk 
ribbon marker. (Reduced facsimile of 
handsome cover above.) We offer the 
Oxford Edition for one new sub. and 
ten rents extra; for one new f^ub. and re- 
newal or for renewal and .^0 cent** 



■18 DoraThoriic. ByBcrili 

M. Clav. 
49 Dove tn ihe Rnele'sNcnt, 

The. By Charlotto M. 

CO Duke'fi Secret, ByBerthu 



I)iv<.rn'.ByB.M.CIiiv. 
95 Xerongc Case, ByEmllc 

D6 Lnmn Doone. By R. D. 
Dli.ckmoie- 

97 Lothalr. By Lord 

Beacon»llehl , 

98 Macleodof Dare. By Wil- 



■li . M Clu/.' 



National Standard History of 
the United States. 

A oomplete ami cnmi-f ac.i.iiiu ..i thetrrowth 
und devclopiutiit nt iIm' \ itini tiDoi itadlii- 
eoverv to the prcsLiii lun.- li> i\ i hit IIrowk. 









J. and 31 



1 be 8 



.^O CHANCE FOR \ miSTAKE. 



That everything i 
We pay all i 



s plain as day we 
I all premiums, both 



li"mited "a'pec^l Compendium oiier {whiuU see 
on preccdinir page). 

lowed eUolcL' of re^iruliir premium, the main ob- 
ject of tlicsiifi-ial .iir»^rsl)f'inir toget new mba. 
nnd miiiM-i ■■ur aii..i). Tliat Is why we 



uisunderctaoding. At o 
V 1, Itlt:;, you may oi-der a 
Vi, rni.ims which the nu 



PENMAN'S Art Journal 



Ailrrrtining ratfx, 30 cent^ j>er nonpareil 
line, t~.50 per inch, each ijiaertton. Discounts 
for ferm and space. Special e/itimates fur- 
niMkrd on appticatitm. No advertisements 
taken for lexs than fH. 

Subscription : One year%\ : one number 10 
cents. No fret, samples except to bona fide 
aj/rnts who arc subscribers, to aid tlifm in 

Forrion nubsrrtj.lions (to countries in Poa- 
Frrmtuui irlth Kvcry SttbserlpUon.—flee 



York, December, 1890. 



COKTISKT8. 



II (Story).. 

ight SIdo 
ielKht of 



(Verses by Edward 

i7«-7.isa 



iSCOLLCOKS.... 17ti 



rum Metropolitan B. C, Clilca({o ' 




■ EDITORIAL COMMENT. 



PWARD and 
oDward will be 
The Journal's 
motto for 1891, 
lis iu the past. 
This issue fin- 
uishes out The 
JotmNAi/s four- 
teenthyear. Bovs 
too yiiing to go 
to school when 
its tirst issue 
went to press are 
ijrown men now, 
of life for themselves, 
i pride in the fact that 
it has helped to equip many for these seri 
oua responsibilities; it hopes to help many 

We promised last year to improve the 
paper; the volume now closing U offered 
in evidence of the good faith of that 
promise. Another year of experience 
ought to enable us to do even better for 
1891. But experience alone will not do. 
The cost of making The Journal the 
pist year has been greater than ever be- 
fore, and the plans we have set for nest 
year call for even a greater expenditure. 
That this is appreciated by teachers of 
branches in our line, as well as by'thou- 
sands of subscribers outside the school 



fighting rhe butll 
The Joi'HNAi, till 



may be seen by glancing at our lists of 
club senders published from time to time. 
The fact that the largest and best commer- 
cial schools in this country and Canada 
will be found represented on these lists 
is The Journal's justitication of its claim 
to being the representative paper of its 

One of the most important new features 
for the coming year will be a series of de- 
scriptive papers relating to commercial 
paper, banking, etc. The editor has ar- 
ranged for such a series from the pen of 



and printing their best specimens, has 
brought a good many talented young men 
to the tront lately. We attach much im- 
portance to this, and expect to show bet- 
ter results in another twelvemonth. 

It was something of an experiment a 
year ago to undertake a regular monthly 
exhibii of the work of business college 
pupils; to show the style of copy they 
work from, the style they acquire while at 
school and the final style which results 
when their hand has become "settled" by 
contact with actual business, We have 




Vifljoul tlv* Jwr Is'tsoiTow [{< . 

Well kiiaj it-ty Cte^"i^^^ W' 
^i^b cvcnuorc t^ incvrq - 



By ChnrUs Rollh 



Mr. Selden R. Hopkins. No man in this 
country, not even the bank officials, knows 
more of this subject than Mr. Hopkins, 
who has made a specialty of it for years. 
This information is juft what a boy who 
expects to become a business man most 
wants. It will, for instance, tell all about 
checks, drafts, notes.etc, why they are 
used, how they arc drawn, correct general 
forms and special forms for special pur- 
poses; general and special indoreemeuts, 
etc. To make these papers complete, they 
will be freely illustrated by The Journal's 
best artists. This is only a suggestion of 
what we believe will be the most accurate 
and useful scheme of instruction on this 
important branch which has appeared in 
any paper. The treatment will be en- 
Hints to penmanship students by the 
Editor and others will be another feature 
of the coming volume. The first install- 
ment (page 174, this issue) makes further 
explanation here unnecessary. 7here will 
also be regular lessons for students who 
are denied the advantages of personal in- 
struction. Mr. Kibbe will continue his 
wonderfully effective papers on orna- 
meutal penmanship, which have given so 
many young pen workers a start. 

The Journal scheme of offering in- 
ducements to amateur pen workers, of en- 
couraging them by reviewing their work 



produced a large number of such speci- 
mens and think they have done good as 
showing to the business community just 
what kind of writing our business col- 
leges teach and the kind that results from 
such teaching. We have much new ma- 
terial to offer in this line. 

To teachers themselves, whether in 
business colleges, public or general 
schools, we hope to make the paper both 
interesting and useful. A page will be 
devoted to a free interchange of their 
opinions and experiences, and it will be 
their fault if this is not one of the liveliest 
pages in The Jouhnal. There will also 
be important papers by specialists, for tbe 
particular benefit of teachei-s. 

The high class book illustrations, ornate 
initials and end pieces and general pic- 
torial embellishments which have char- 
acterized the closing volume have called 
forth many warm expressions from our 
readers, and The Journal in future will 
be more richly illustrated than ever. This 
is something never before attempted by a 
penman's paper on so systematic and ex- 
tensive a scale. It is well to remember 
that these pictures do not replace the more 
technical penmanship illustrations, but are 
so much extra. It is The Journal's 
notion that the penman of to day has 
artistic tastes and probably aspirations 
apart from purely technical lines. At the 




By C. P. Zaner, Columbus, 0. 



same time we believe in giving the best 
obtainable in the line of purely penman- 
ship illustrations — copy writing, business 
writing, students' writing, fancy writing, 
professional writing, flourishing, engross- 
ing, lettering, etc. 

To produce such specimens at their best 
requires something more than first-class 
penmen, even though they understand the 
secrets of preparing copy so as to gi7e the 
best effect in engraving — which many ex- 
cellent penmen do not. It is of equal 
importance that the man who makes the 
plate and the men who make-ready the 
form for printing know their business 
thoroughly. Thi-n the paper and ink must 
be of first quality. In a word, from be- 
ginning to end everything must be of the 
best, which naturally costs most money. 
In The Journal's office is the largest 
staff of pen-artists in the world, without 
any doubt, probably three or four times as 
many as are employed in any other pen 
(irt establishment in this country. Our 
outside contributors also represent the 
cream of the profession. We claim to 
present better as well as many more illus- 
trations than any other paper devoted to 
similar objects, and invite critical exam- 
ination and comparison. 

We believe that any person interested 
iu penmanship, practical or ornamental, 
will fina The Journal a good investment 
at $1 a year. To those who are in a posi- 
tion to send clubs we offer a large variety 
of special premiums, given in detail else- 
where in this issue. Instead of these spe- 
cial premiums we will, when preferred, 
allow liberal cash reductions for clubs, 
which will be made known upon applica- 
tion. 

■ To many thousands of friends The Jour- 
nal very heartily conveys tbecompHments 
of the festive season, with best wishes for 
Good cheer, health, prosperity, 
Well seasoned with fun. 
For 'Ninety-one. 

Designs for Use nf Penmen. 

We don't wish to be misunderstood in 
the matter of the appropriation of our 
rustic-letter designs by certain competi- 
tors (unknown to us) in the Wfstern Pen- 
mai^H prize competition, as referred to last 
month. The designs contained in our 
variou,s penmanship works, The .Journal, 
etc., were made primarily for the benefit 
of the profession, who are at perfect lib- 
erty to make any use of them in their 
work that they see proper. Our copy- 
right is merely intended to protect us 
from competing publishers. When, how- 
ever, our designs are bodily appropriated 
and offered for publication elsewhere as 
original specimens, we feel inclined to 
draw the rein sharply where both the 
equities of the case and the law allow. 

Why Some rromlses Have Xot Jleen 
rut filled. 

For some months there has been an un- 
usual strain on our columns, so that we 
have been compelled to lay aside certain 
matter that had been prepared for inser- 
tion. Our friends will have to bear with 
us. Such articles and specimens as have 
been promised insertion will be attended to 
as fast as the limitations of the several de- 
partments for which they are intended will 
allow. This issue, for instance, notwith- 
standing the four page cover, has less 
space for reading matter and illustrations 
than the average issue, if we deduct the 
space occupied by extra advertisements, 
premium lists and index. 

Triumph of Editor SteCord. 

Secretary McCord promised to beat 
the snow this year with his B. E. A. re- 
port. It was a tight race for a while, the 
printers helping to make the running 
doubtful, but the gallant secretary came 
under the wire with colors flying. The 
book has been out a month. It is re- 
duced slightly in size, being brought 
within 181 pages, not more than thirty of 
which probably could be spared without 



(ietrimeot to the nssocialion. We ob- 
serve, too, that as the bulk comes down 
the price goes up, which is entirely 
proper, as the hnppy discrimination of the 
editor io making hie excisions naves the 
individuol purchaser labor well worth the 
Additional cost. If you want the officia! 
rp[)orl of the twelfth annual meeting 
the B. E. A. . held at Chautauqua last su 
nier, vou will have to pav a round dollar 
for it. The publication o"f a B. E. A. r 
port within three niontlis after theadjouri 
nient of a convention is so refreshing 
novelty that we tind our vocabulary of coi 
jfralulatory expletives too poor a vehicle 
for the proper convevance of our felicita- 
tio; "'• 



! to Editor McCord. 



TliP W. P. A. Conv«ullon. 

Dear Friends; Before another issue of 
Toe Jourxal leaches you the Western Fen- 
men's Association will have belt) its tirth an- 
nual meeting and the deliberations of a noble 
band of workers recorded. 



have atteiidt-il former meetings, would be No.' 
Ky f<irmiug the pei-sonal acquaintance of such 
men as those whose name^ you read on the 
prngraoime you will receive en inspira- 
lion far greater tlian a single teacher can give 
you. You will return to your work with re- 
newed vigor and a determination to excel. 

As presiding officer, 1 extend a cordial in- 
vitatiuu to all — tbe professional, the amateur 
and the studeut^ — to spend tbe holiday week in 
Peoria. Be at your post on Friday, and re- 



C. N. Crandlk. 



'. — Frank Longwith, Stockton 
Business College ; U. M. Bland, Q. C. Bus- 
iness College, MU Jos^. 



Los Angeles ; J. W. Brill, G. C. Business 



times tbat lb. n 
bad ovprtooki' 
hurry of busim 



College, San Jos^. 



Stockton Business College, 8iockton. 

SHORTnAND.— H. W. Cadman, Heald's Bus- 
iness College. S. F.; Miss E. C. Irvin, G. C, 
Business College, San Jos6. 

AcTL'AL Business. — Depue or Aydelotte, 

Portland. 

Shasis.— H. B. Worcester, G. 
College, San Jos^. 

School Discipline.— A. B. Capp, Heald's 
Business Colleae, S. F. ; W. C. Ramsey, 
Stockton Business College, Stockton. 

The Business College : Its Place in the 
Educational System.— H, M. Steams, 
Heald's Business College, S. F.; F. W. 



Writing as Taught in Our Business Colleges. 



J 









c^Cd y^onA/Ctn^^i^ 



specimens from the Metropolitan Bus. CoUege, Chicago. (Set 



As per announcement, the association will 
convene Friday, Decemlwr 2ti, at 2 o'clock 
P. M., in the rooms of Brown's Business Col- 
lege, Peoria, 111. 

While the name would indicate simply a 
meeting of the penmen of tbe West, we wish 
it understood tbat it is a national association' 
and we would urge memhers of tbe profession 
in tbe East, in the West, in tbe North and in 
the South to lie on baud and aid us in promot- 
ing tbe profession. 

Tbe i'eoria meeting promises to surpass all 
former gatherings of its kind, both as to at- 



from the Penmen's Convention i Oo your 
methods of leachiug reach that degi'ee of pei*- 
tection wbere they cunnot be improved by the 
experience of others i Can you appear before 
your classes and loel that you could not he 
benefited by tbe methods of a brother of dif- 
ferent views ! If you do not need to attend 



and impai't 1 
I you afford 1 



Reid, A.M., G. C. 



i College, San 



year to year may I 



will be entered on this list. 



Prosranime 



and 27, at tL 
San Francis 
formulated : 



nill be held on Decemcer 26 
oms of the Pacific Bus. Coll., 
This programme has been 



Address of Welcoiie.— T. A, Robinson, 
Pacific Businesfi Colk-ge, San Francisco. 

Response.— H. R. MeNoble, Stockton Bus- 
iness College. 

Organization. 

BOOKKKEI-ING.— E. P. Heuld. Heald's Business 
College. S. F ; F. W. Kelsey, Los Angeles 
Business College : E. E. Worec-ter, Garden 
City Business College. San .7os^. 

'. ~ Fielding Schofield, Heald's 



Business College, I 



Ruckstell, Pacific 





Look ove 


the Index on 


inothf 




and if yon 


find articles 




you would 
Sfvap-book 


wish to preserve » 
it would be ivell tn o 


jiovr 
Iter „l 


once. We 
orcr, and 
failure. 


have not kept 
shall keep ev 


many 


copies 



Writing nt Taiisht In Our Bu»lnt«H 

The specimens that we present this month 
are from Mr. O. M. Powers' Mttropolitan 
Busineffl College, Chicago, where many hun- 
dreds of young people are being trained for 



In fbi! 



there 



teachers, each of whom looks after the pen 
manshipot the pupils in his own room. AJ 
the special students of writing, however, ..., 
under tbe direct superintendence of Mr. W, P, 



Richardson, himself the master of a strong 
style of writing as easy to be read as a sign- 
boaixl, Tbe other writing teachers are A. W. 
Lesley, A. M. Hootman, L. M. Padgett, C. 
O. Smith and G. C. Clayliough. Principal 
Powers himself is a business writer well able 
to hold a hand with the best of them, and his 
Copy-slips are the basis of the copies used 
throughout the college. 

The first line in the accompanying plate 
(numbered 1) shows the style of these Copy- 
slips. Nos. 2 and 3 are the work of Thomas 
Dowhng and Maurice Lovewell, respectively, 
both pupils of Mr. Richardson. No. 4 is by 
Carrie Lehman, pupil of Mr. Padgett. The 
writer of No. '> is Paul Populorum, one of Mr. 
Lesley's pupils. Urio H. Piper, the writer of 
No. II, is a graduate who has been in business 
about a year, completing the evolution of the 
business writer from the Metropolitan College. 
5 inclusive, as stated, are plain. 



mg them ^ .__ 

showing tbe same-' 
legibility. 



. all 



culm 



1 with tbe 
who o 



iug that will stand tbeiti in ;;ix«t stead when 
tbey hegm to make their own way in life. 
These few will have to suffice for the present: 

rnder Mr. Ifi<liardson.—ms3 Edna 
Wooley, A. M. Powei-s. Geo. Armbruster, 

Under Mr. Lcstey.—Henry Seifried, Hans 
" - sO'Rourke. 



Business College Opening. 
Editor of The Journal: 

There is an excellent opening here for a 
business college. Do you know of some 
one who is looking for a location ? The 
right party will receive substantial encour- 
agement from the business men. 
Very truly yours, 

Mas3Ey Brothers. 
Birmingham, Ala., November 13. 



TBE 1 



' IS 8A.ID. 



The Sultan awoke with a stifled scream— 
His nerves were shocked by a fearful dream ; 
An omen of terrible import and douht— 
His teeth all in one moment fell out. 
His wise men assembled at break of day, 
And stood at the throne in solemn array ; 
And when the teirihle dream was told, 
Each felt a shudder— his blood ran cold. 
And all jtooti silent, in fear and dread, 
And wondering what was best to be said. 
At length a soothsayer, wrinkled and gray, 
Crie<l, "Pardon, my lord, what I have to say: 
" 'Tis an omen (Jf sorrow sent from on high — 
Thou shalt see all thy kindred die." 
Wroth was the Sultan ; he gnashed his teeth, 
And his very words seem to hiss and seethe, 
As he ordered the wise man hound with chains 
And gave him a hundred stripes for his pains,' 
The wise men shuok as the Sultan's eye 
Swept round to see who next would try ; 
But one of them, stepping before the throne. 
Exclaimed in a loud and joyous tone : 
" Exult, head of u happy state ! 
Rejoice, O heir of a glorious fate ! 
" For this is the favor thou shalt win. 
O Sultan, to outhve all thy kiu I " 
Pleased was the Sultan, and called a slave. 
And a bimdred crowns to the wise man gave. 
But the courtiei-s pod, with gi-ave, sly winks. 
And each one whispei-s what each one thinks : 
'• Well can the Sultan reward and blame ; 
Didn't both the wise men foretell the same f " 
Quoth the crafty old vizier, sbaking bis head. 
" So much may depend on the way a thing's 
said !" 

—Hebrew Journal. 

Tlie BcHl IVay. 

Kditor of The Journal: 
How can I best secure the back numbers of 
M. S. Patrick. 

By subscribing for them iu advance, 
Patrick ; that's much the safcnt and surest 
way. We shall carry very few over num- 
bers in future. As for back numbers out 
of print, we can't help jou. Those we 
have are named, with price, at the foot of 
our index on another page. 




SCHOOL m PERSONAL. 



IMllal (■« /;. 



MIRROR OF THE PROFESSION 



gv 



ATON & BURNETT'S Busi- 
ness College, Baltimore, bas 
' ^^<-iire<l tbe services of W. 
s ( linmberlain in place of 



iMr. 



ii '. V We gavf so much spaci 

^ Chauil'erluin Jast mouth that it Is un- 
necessarj- to add anything here The E. & 
U. College WHS never more prosperous. 

—Howard Cliatuphn, who has been con- 
nected with the American Book Company, is 
teaching penmanship in the public schools of 
Manchester. N. H. " 

—Things are going along swimmingly at 
Cbilds' Bus. CoU., Springfleld, Mass. The at- 
tendance is larger than it has ever been be- 



Mich. 

— W. L. Starkey of tbe faculty of the Cole- 
man National Bus. Coll , Newark, received a 
silver medal for pen work at the N. J. State 
Fair i-ecently. 



into larger quarters to accommodate his in- 
creased attendance, as we are informed by the 
Midland. Omnha, Neb. 

—The Journal has many warm friends on 
the Pacific Slope, among them O. P. Koertiug 
of the San Diego, Cal., Bus. Coll. and I. N. 
Inskeep, secretary of the Los Angeles. Cal., 
Bus. ColL.to both of whom we make acknowl- 
edgment of favors extended. 

—Principal Musselman of the Gem City Bus. 
Coll.. Quiury, 111., has issued a handy brochure 
conveying the compliments of the season and 
incidentally setting forth the advantages of 
his institution. Mr. Musselman is one of the 
" fatbera '' in the business, and if all the young 
men and women who have been fitted at his col- 
lege lor the responsibilities of a practical career 
were to pass in review l)efore you, it would 
take some time to count them. Tbe normal 
peuniauship department of this institution is 
in charge of H. P. Bebrensmeyer, who is doing 
excellent work, 

—Brown's Bus. Coll., San Francisco, has 
closed its doors, so has Bai-nard's Bus. Coll., 



fying to J. N. Woolflngtou, principal and 
proprietor, 

—The DaWs School, 
the largest 



Kinstou toWi'urton^ N.'c. J. W. Yerex, 



iDd teacher, is conducting large 

classes in penmanship in that institution. 

—The Jodhnal was mistaken last month in 
referring to H. W. Cole as a pupil of the 
National Bus, Coll.. Ottawa, Out. In point of 
fact he is a teacher and a good one at that. He 
is one of Zaner's graduates. 

— Prin. C. E. Bigelow enjoys a good patron- 
age in the commercial department of the 
Westfield (III.) College Catalogue received 
speaks well for the scnool. 

—We are informed by Prin. J. J. Sullivan 
of Goldsmith « Sullivan Bus. Coll.. Atlanta, 
Ga.,that his attendance this year has been 
very much in advance of all previous yeai-s. 
He is a very capable writer, 

—The penmanship head of the big B. & S. 
Bus Coll,, Louisville, Ky., is J. B. Luckey, a 
good penman and a very successful teacher 



long connected with 1 



He has 
of getting a great deal of work 
of his pupils 



theory and pra'^tice hand in baud throughout 
the entire course is working admirably." 

— G, H. Mohler, a teacher of tact and expe- 
rience, has charge of the penmanship and 
drawing departments in tbe Fivmont, Neb., 
Bus, Coll.,- also in tbe Fremont public 

of the very t>est t 

pen to pai>er, has changed his location from 
Utica to :J7 Tremont street. Boston. The new 
ti.M "ill i>iiil.tlP" enlarge his opporti 






' feel quite i 



lib- 



its lecturer-, uljuui.-iii.i.' Ml. Ii .1. .[-;.. Henry 
M Stauley, l.Wv. K..-nniiu.J.\i- SiU-nnn trav- 
eler, and Gen. Horatio (.'. King. 

■G. A. Sawyer, principal of Sawyer's Writr 



brothers, H. C. and H. 



' Student's Improved Com- 



The Penman's Leisure Hour. (Continued on Next Page.) 




By Fielding Schojield, HeaUVs Iiuinne>is t'oW^yc, .Van Francisco. 



-Prin. G. M. Devlin of Devlin's Bus. Coll., 
Jackson, Mich,, reports a larger school and a 
belter outlook thnu ever before. 

—Pi-in, Jeremiah Behm of the Chattanooga, 
Teun., Com. Coll., is an eaniest educator of 
many years' experience, and is doing good 
work in that community. 

—The Virginia Agricultural and Mechaui- 
ciU College. Blacksburg, Va., has a well 
equipped commercial deijartment in charge of 
W. H.Graham. 

— C. H. Threlketd, a skillful wTiter and 
earnest worker, Is the penman of the Nelson 
Bus. Coll., Memphis. Tenn. 

—The record of C. W. Yeringtou's Com. 
Coll., Alma, Mich., for tbe seven weeks that it 
has been open is highly gratifying to its proprie- 
tor, yi having been enrolled in that time. 

—The Si8t*Ti of tbe Academy of tbe Sacred 
Heart, Hoboken, N. J., oppreciale good pen- 
manship. The Joi'BNAL takes tbe opportunity 
of returning thanks for subscriptions. 

— Prin. J. 1). Yocum of the College Springs, 
Iowa. Com. Coll. , was recently obliged to get 



every penmau and teacbn 
few people we !; 



be likely to get a hel 
S. K. Burdin, secretary o 
Bus. Coll, The strokes a 



—The penmanship and bookkeeping depart- 



__., . _ . charge of W. C Sttvenson, an 
accomplished writer and teacher. 

-Excellent work is tieing done at the Find- 
lay, Ohio, Bus, Coll.. which diawson tbe sur- 
roimdmg country for a patronage highly grati- 



— We are glad to note that Weaver's School 
of Peumansbip. Mt. Morris, 111., is attracting 
age which .- ■.. 



otrnal's subscribers. 
— The Journal has many excellent friends 
t tbi* Wesleyau Academy. Wilbraham, Mi 



ebettertbau U. M. Peck.pr 



iientof J, W. Westervelt. 

—The writing of J. W. Waahington, who i 
.-uriducting a Penmen's Supply Company a 



the largest and i 



biuation Copy Boi 



s?KoU 



and tbe Speucerian College, Clevelond, as- 
sisted by Fi-ank L. Dyke, of the faculty of tbe 
latter institution. 

—Benton, Tean,, has a full-fledged business 
college in charge of H. H. Kellogg, a good 
writer and careful teacher. 

—Tbe Helena, Mont, Daily Independent 
gives to H. T. Eogelhom's Helena Bus. Coll. 
the credit duo to a progressive school as a 
factor in tbe remai-kable growth of that com- 

— F. M. WallacejM. A., is instructing large 
classes in comcnercial branches and penman- 
ship at the Wilder Farm Bus. Inst.. Wilder. 
Minn. 

— We find m tlie Chicago Uluitrated Cm- 
tury a sketch of the Modern Bus. Coll., 49 Blue 
Island avenue, Chicago, of which C. E. Jones 
is principal, 

-The Boston Eeening Record has words of 
high praise of tbe skill and discriminatioD of 



"V'^ii'i^K I ,Unii: 



NEWS, VIEWS AND REVIEWS. 



luiiuiry Department of the Bo^too Post'Offloe. 
where ttiis ability Hiaiids bim in good stead id 
(lecipheriDg illegible addresws, «tc. 

—A healthy Rrowth and encoui-aping out- 
look are reported from Bowen*8 Bus. Coll.. San 
Jose, Texas. 

— We have a very well made citalugue with 
gold front Ktamp from the Upper Peninsula 
Bu«. Coll,. Marquette, Mich., E, C. Glenn, 
principal and prourietor. 

— Atkinson's Bus. Coll., Sacramenio, Cel.. 
iismuHi a large and business-like college paper for 
iT'^e distribution. 

—The nineteenth annual announoeoieitt of 
tttp West Side Bus. Coll . Chicago, comes to us 
in the shape of an exceptionally attractive 
folder, well printed oud set off with humorous 



I large amount of money invested in this 
less. Prin. P. P. Judd is known as one of 
E painstaking and competent teacbers 



iind managers in theprofe»: 

—They never do things by halvi 
Bus. Coll.. Baltimore. In ai raijj2 
course for the benefit ■>! tin |jii 
cousideratiou was to pn" mi t 
was tube had. Of couim. ih ,i i,i. 
who this reason is the uinli-iiifi < 
lecture lyceum. Lions 



THB EDITOR'S SCRAPBOOK. 




ady 



■fd. 



though the competitions do 
not close until December 10. 
The results of these comjie- 
titions will be announced 
next month, and we hope to 
engrave the winning speci- 
mens to show what our 
younger pen-workers in the 
various lineK can do. We 
have so many things to look 



—The largest and most elaborate flourished 
specimen received during the past month came 
from the Virginia Bus. Coll., Bedford City, 




B very finely cut prints from 



—Photograph of a handsome piece of en- 
grossing comes from L. \V. Hallett, the accom- 
plished penman of the Elmira, N. Y., Bus. 
Coll. 

— Among the hundreds who have sent well 
written letters may be mentioned : H. L. 
Krauth, Seven Mile, Ohio ; A. G. Gates, 
Salina. Kan.: B.A.Wright, Ashmore. III.; 
D. L. Chapman, London, Ont. ; j. C. 



Rockland, Maine, Com. Coll.; P. B, Pali 
Caledonia Corner, N. Y.; MissHattieE. Gil- 
bert. Winnemucca, Nev. ; T. H. Thomas, 
Bevier, Mo.; 1. W. Crowthers, Washington, 
D. C. ; Robert L. Wood, Louisville. Miss. ; B. 



PupUa* Work, 

— If the cynics who are given to prating 
over the decadence of the style of penmanship 
taught in our schools, from a business stand- 
point, could get a peep at the specimens of 
pupils' work that have rained in on us lately, 
they would be less garrulous on subjects they 
know so little about. E. A. MePherson sends 
of pupils under his charge at Haw 
kins, Texas, AH commendable, and those by 
Miss Isabel Cook in particular. Mr. MePher- 
son also sends some of his on-n dashy work. 

—Specimens from the pupils of the State 
Normal School, Millersville, Pa., are remark- 
able for the evidences of muscular control that 
are to be found in the capital letters and com- 
binations. Two of the writers who show this 
charnctenstic very plainly are M. L. Landis 
and P H Hershey. There are many others 
that ne nould like 

That ^ nt ng superintendent, Geo. C. Raynor, 
s a very capable nenman we know from 
specimens of his o^vn. The pupils' 
pecimensshow that be is alsoa clever teacher. 
— Large sueets filled with writing by pupils 
f Bethany College, Lindbborg. Kan., have 
t us by A. A. Aber- 
pennmu of that io- 
They represent 
work taken from dictation 
after a month's drill. In style 
plain and free, with 
twelve shaded let- 
many pages. Eleda 
's name is at the 
foot of the best 
but there are several good 



e Stanley billed 

— _r, — ... ^ ...1 December 4. 

There are other lions in the courM', too, among 
them Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage, the famous 
Brooklyn preacher, and his son. F. DeWitt 



Talmage. 



! Ho niMHcd. 



Black (an expert stenographer): "Say, 
Greet:, the boy Irom the Jourual office is 
here after the transcript of that lecture. Is 
-it 'mo-t finished?" 

Green (a novice): "All hut a short sen- 
tence in about the middle of it. and I'll be 
hanged if I cud make out from my notes 
what it 13." 

Bltick: "Just insert 'great applause,' 
and let it go." 

Green acts upon suggestion, and the 
lecture is sent to the Journal office for pub- 
lication with the doctored purt reading, 
"Friends, I will detain you but a few 
momenta longer." (Great applause.]. — 
Wf. 

Profvaaor llomm LeMKons 

The JolirnaL is gratified to hear that the 
veiy excclleut series of teurbing writing in 
puldic schools, by Prof. D. W. Hotf , of Des 
Moines, publi^hed in these columns lastvear, 
are to be reprinted shortly in took form. 
They embody the most thorough presenta- 



tion of the subject that has c 



Va. Prin. Davis has had it engraved and it 
makes a strong advertisement for him. 

— We have received some exquisitely deli- 
cate pen strokes from the Zauerian authors, 
Columbus, Ohio, embodying card work in 
various styles, flourishing, etc. D. E Blake, 
Galesburg, DI., sends some very stylish cards 
and flourishes. Other shapely card work is 
from S. K. Burdin, the clever penman of the 
Brockville, Ont., Bus. Coll.. who accompanies 
them with some very good pupils' specimens 
executed in very poor ink ; also from O. P. 
Koerting of the San Diego, Cal,, Bus., Coll., 
who likewise contributes the best set of capi- 
tals received during the month. W. E. Stipp, 
Prin. Com. Dept. of Westerr Normal College, 
Bushnell, 111., sends some very graceful com- 
binations and capitals. Shading- pen work in 
various bright tints has been received from 
J. O. Quantz. Toronto, Ont., and E. .1. Fer- 
guson, Camp Creek, W. Ta. 

— Miscellaneous script specimens have been 
very numerous. Excellent work in the line of 
combinations, notes, signatures, etc., has been 
received from T. O. Little, Concord Church, 
W. A. ; W. F. Bigger, the new penman of the 
Little Rock, Ark., Com. Coll.; John F. Siple, 
Doe Hill, Va.; J. P, McDonald. Cornwall, 



A. J. Wliliurdof 
Vesta, Va. ; M. F. K: 
bama Military Academy, Hunt 



Blue RidE 

the Ala- 
lie, Ala.. 



—Messrs, Beck & Beck, of Beck's Com. 
Colleges, Piqua, Ohio, and Dayton, Ohio, give 
us a glimpse of the good work their pupils are 
doing. We have room to mention only that of 
George Schneider oud Willie Gerlach, who re- 
flect credit on their teachers. 

—They believe in teaching strong, plain busi. 
ness wiiling at the Grand Praii-ie Semiiiary, 
Onargo, 111 This work ia under the super- 
vision of N. L. Richmond, who likewise has 
charge of the commercial branches generally. 
Himself an excellent writer, he appears to 
have the knack c.i imparting the skill to his 
pupils, and we have rarely seen a more evenly 
creditable lot of specimens than those re- 
ceived from that quarter. To do full justice 
we ought to mention dozens of the individual 
writers, but have only room for a few : Cora 
E, Parsons, Roberts, 111. ; Junia M. Hathaway, 
Manteno, II!.; Ralph W. Durham, Eaukakee, 
111.; Esther J. Seager, Manteno. 111.; Harry 



THE EDITOR'S CALENDAR. 



—The Christmas magazines are all so rich 
and varied in their contents that intelligent 
people find in them a veritable embarrassment 
of riches. CVofiTj/bos four complete stories 



in its "Gold Hunters of CaIiforuia"series, and 
so many other attractive features that you 
won't get the full measure of Christmas unleiis 
you have this number. The Art Amalenr, 
too, with the scent and sheen of CbristmoK 
everp-eeuR about it. What more delightful 
Christmas present ? For young people, big- 
little people included, there is a fountain of 
unceasing pleasure in those splendid maga- 
zines, St. Nicholas and Htr/e Awake. Weore 
tro crowded for particulars this month, but 
take f'ur word for it, you will be brighter and 
better for having any of the periodicals. 

Dakin's Epitome of Pe.vmaxship. — It 
takes a brave man in this day of multiplied 
works for self instruction in penmanship, to 
offer a new one for the public favor. It shows 
too that he Is wholly convinced that what he 
has to offer pos-^sses not only solid worth, but 
a uniqueness that will take it to the front in 
the face of sharp competitinn, A. W. Dakin, 
the well-known penman of Syracuse, N. Y., 
has offered such u work tuthe public. It com- 
prises twenty-five large slips, capable of being 
detached. Specific insi ructions relating to the 
practice from each slip are printed above the 
copies, while a separate pamphlet gives gen- 
eral instruction comprehending the whole 
series. Many of the plates are produced by 
lithography and the whole represents a large 
amount of labor, thought and money. Com- 
ing toward press time we have not been able to 
take the lime necessary to a critical and com- 
prehensive examination, but the work im- 
presses us very favorably. It seems particu- 
larly fortunate in its groupings and the easy 
progression from one set of principles to 
another. Besides, Mr, Dakin has earned the 
thanks of the public by discovering a new 
name for a work of home instruction in pen- 
-which have heretofore run largely 
'■ Compendiums," "SIips,"etc,, and this is 
additional caube for gratification, 



BEAR THIS /AT MIND,— In vase of 
faihire to rficeire a single copy of your 
paper within a reasonable time, let uh 
know at once, with coiTecl statemntt 
of yoHr addresH for comparison with 
our books. In case of change of atl- 
(Iress, we should be informed at least 
three weeks in advance when possible. 
Don'f wait for months when such fhinga 
occur, and then write us to remail pa- 
pers. By failure to in for m ua you make 
the fault yovr oran, avd in that vase it 
is uni-easnnnhle to eirprvl us to tfntail 
pajiers unlens yon pnij fur them. 



Christmas, the Joyous period of the year. 
The threshold bind with boughs. 

— Herri CK. 

A paper devoted to Indians is published in 
Washington. We i^resume they use copper 
faced tyt»e.— Vonker's Statesman. 

Subscriber — What the dickens do you print 
so many of those blood medicine advertise- 

Country Editor— To improve the 
circulation, of course. What do you 
SMppose I— Washinyton Stur. 

Miss Lentils (in Boston]— I have just 
discovered a poem in this magazine 
which I can't uuderetand. 

Miss Beans — Oh, bow nice I Let us organize 
a club immediately — Munscy's Weekly. 

All bait ! The bells of Christmas rit,g ! 



annoiiiiix' tbut llie new B. & S counting house 
boukkee[ling^ and bookkeeping blanks mav 
still bo had from the firm of Daniel Slote & 
Co. Particulars given iu then- adv. on 
page 166. 



uullv 



lion pieces of mail matter 
o the Dead Letttr Office ! 
nly Ihouj-iind ! 



A daily average of o 

A CHANCE TO MAKE MONEY 

plating ivi'i'ii . .; ' ' , K.'l.andll 

to perfci I 11 |pio|ile hear of 






lides the Forger Dead 



HI. speel.ll, ».. t„unl.rrelllna 
ElErP<>>"- fir'"" •"'■ ■">""■"' 
nanu.rrlpK. 

A man whose name was in every one's 
mouth a few years ago has just died in a 
little town of Albania. Ho was Simon- 
ides, the notorious forger of Greek manu- 
scripts. He had a remarkable history as a 
forger of Egyptian anil Syrian antiquities, 
in which career be stood absolutely with- 
out an equal. He never atteuipted to de- 
fraud ignorant people, but always dealt 
with the most celebrated scholars and 
authorities on the subject. 

Among bis exploits was his presentation 
to a committee of a dozen scholars at 
Athens of a manuscript of Homer's works 
written on lotos leaves, which he asserted 
belonged to a pcnod considerably anterior 
to the Christian Era. Eleven of the twelve 
members of the committee were perfectly 
convinced of the authenticity of the docu- 
ment and believed it was everything 
Simonides claimed for it. The twelfth, 
however, made the discovery that it was 
a faithful copy of the text of Homer as 
published by the tlermau critic, Wolff, 
and contained all the errors that the printer 
and proof reader had left in it. 

Sinionides succeeded in swindling Ismail 
Pasha out of a large sum for a forged 
manuscript of Aristotle's works. He also 
sold to the British Museum a forged mem- 
orandum addressed by Bclisarius to the 
Emperor Justinian. He also induced the 
Duke of Sutherland to purchase two 
apocryphal letters from Alcibiades to 
Pericles. 

The remarkable thing connected with 
the man's life is that several of the greatest, 
scholars in Euro])e were deceived by the 
forgeries of the skillful Greek. 

We have long known Ml-. P. A. Wright of 
this city as a very suceesstul practical book- 
keeper and author. His Christmas offer to 
our readers in another coluimi will doubtless 
be read with interest. 




to work ibey w 
plenty moa«y. 


.„,a=oo„hav^. 




Drift. 


1 have been 
iuterruptiou sic 
i would write ■v 


Lakmg The Joui 
CO IDTS. 1 have 
tni referrmg to t 


improveni^nt i 
acquainlaiif.' ^ 
congratuliiii!. 
and tbeeiiit a 


'"■" ;, ■" 


a reprteuiihii' 





permanent subsL-riber.—C. T. Smith, Atvhi»oi\, 
Kan., bus. Coll. 

Thb Penman's Art Journal, " the noblest 
of them oil," with its gems of the wntlug art 
in each uutuber, should be in the liauds ot every 
person interested in the chirographic art. Will 
bwing our club at you soon. — F. A. Holmes, 
B. dt S. Cotleoe, t'nU liiver, Mass. 

appearance < 



) you on the elegant 



■tainly making it a most excellent paper, and 
me recent improvements are not only note- 
worthy but eicellent—C. A. Murch, Midway 
College Of Bus., Kearney, Neb. 

You are doinga noble work with your Jour 



able to your many readers.- 
Oeneva, N. V., B. C. 

Our PrlendH, the Clubb«rH. 

Our friends in the schools have been % er\ 
active during the past month, and more sub 
scriptions have been received than for n simi 
iar period in several years past. We ore re 
quested to withhold announcement of several 
of the largest clubs for the present, and ex 
I>ect to be able to annoiwce in our next I'lsiii 
some of the largest clubs ever received. Thf 
Journal returns thanks to all its friends- 

The king club of the month comes from tin 
Stockton, Cal,. Bus. Col!. The senders are 1 
C, Woodwortb and W. J. Young, two bright 
young teachersinthatiustitution. Itnumbei-^ 
sixty-three. Then there is a jump from tbt 
Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico, and we haven 
club of sixty-two names from Soul^'s Colkfe^ 
New Orleans. Mr, G. W". Harman, the nell 
known penman of this institution, has been 
quite ill, we regret to learn. He did not forget 
THE Journal though, and requested Mr. Kd 
ward E Soulc- to l(i.>k after the ctub which be 
sentl-iv.'ul.nrlv.'v.-rvvr-!!r!it this time. That s 
hheki.i.rnf iM.i.l i.."lmvr' Fn.m the Mexi 



Heald's Bus. Coll. , San Frauciseo. J. F. Cozai t 
sender Canada contributes the next in order, 
twenty-nine from J. W. Westervelt of the 
Forest City Bus. Coll., London, Out. We have 
a club of twenty from the Grand Prairie Sem- 
inary, Onargo, 111., sent by N. L. Richmond, 
superintendent of thecommercial department. 
Sixteen new names are added by J. B. Luckey, 
penman of the B. & 8. Bus. Coll., Lexington. 
Ky ■ sixteen by Prin. C. H. Childs, Cbilds' Bus. 
Coll.,Holyoke, Mass.; fitt«en byT. C. Strick- 



Ohio, Bus. Coll.; eleven fr 
Transue of FottsviUe. Pi 
eleven by C. E. Bigelo' 
field, lU., Bus. Coll. 



PriD. G. 
Com. Coll. : 
Prin. West- 
CTubs of seven, eight 



W. H. Graham, Com. Dept. Virginia Agri' 



G. E. \Veaver. inn. Mi, .M...rns. 111., . 
Coll.; J. M. Wad.', sfrivtarv C.jldey's, \ 
mington, Del., Com. Coll. (third this seas( 
I. N. Inskeep, Asso. Prin., Los Angeles, Cal, 
Com. Coll.; S. K. Burdin. secretary Brock 
ville, Ont,, Bus. Coll. ; W. E. Stipp, Prin- 
Com. Dept. Western Normal College, Bush- 
nell, 111.; W. S. Chamberlain, fenmau, 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa.. Bus. Coll. (second thissi 
son): B. A. Wright. Ashinere, HI.; O. 
Koerting, Prin. San Diego, Cal., Bus. Coll. 



Forward the Pen Brigade. 



3f peuuiausliip, it is 
In the broadest sense an art publication, at the 
same time ably serving the interests of the 
business college. — Thomas &. HiU, Vhicago, 
lAuthor of Utiles Manual of Biography and 



enough to doulily pay i 



this kind of work. Give us The Journal, «ith 
or without birds, for there is plenty in it to 
suit all classes if they will only take what they 
want and leave the rest alone. — C. M. Bobin- 
aon, Prntcipal Tri-Slate B. C, Toledo. Ohio. 
[Mr. H. backs up his kind wortb with a good 
club of subscribers.— Ed.] 




The Little Giant Cyclopedia 

AND TREASURY OF READY REFERENCE. 

BV K. L. ARMSTRONG. 



A Million and One Facts anil Figures. 50 Full-Page Colored Maps. 32 Col- 
ored Charts, Plales and Diagrams. 2,500 Uselul Tables, Recipex, 
Trade Secrets, etc. A World ol Valuable Inlormallon in One 
Unique and Handy Volume. Combining: 




We will send the Little Giant Cyclopedia tor two subs, (one of them must be a 
new one, the other a renewal if desired); or for one new snb. and 35 cents extra, or for 
renewal and 40 cents. 



For the benefit of onr lady readers we have arranged 
a special clubbing offer with one of the most popular 
ladiea' periodicals published— the 




"Ladies' Home Companion," 



—of national reputation, with halt a million readers. 

r/le Oompaniim is published twice a month, has IB 
larRC pages, and is Bnely printed on cream tinted paper, 
illustrated with many flue engravings. It is a practical 
household journal of rare literary excellence, every page 
teeming with good things for mother and daughter. It 
is a repository of helpful advice for women in every 
sphere of life ; in fact, all branches of household economy 
that can possibly come within the good housewife's 
province are ably treated under the following depart- 
ments : 

PRACTICAL HOUSEKEEPING, 

DECORATIONS AND FURNISHINGS, 

FASHIONS, or WHAT TO WEAK AND HOW TO 

MAKE IT, 

MOTHER'S CHAT, FANCY KNITTED WORK. CHILDREN'S CORNER, 
ETIQUETTE, TOILET DEPARTMENT, Etc. 

In this connection we have also secured a beautiful copy of the most celebrated 
painting of the century, Munkacsy'a "Christ Before Pilate," for the original of 
which Postmaster-General Wanamakcr recently paid $120,000. At an expense 
of several thousand dollars this copy has been prepared, carefully duplicating the 
various colors of the original. The result is a beautiful colored art picture, suilable 
for framing. Size, 31 x 38 inches. 

We will give a copy of this handsome picture, together with a full 
year's sub for the Ladict> Home CompimUm, for one new subscriber, or for renewal and 
2.^ cents extra. This would be a very appropriate gift to a lady. 

FOR THE MUSICAIiLY INCLINED 

We offer the celebrated MULTUM IN PARVO SONGSTER, containing «u humh'd 
popular sonijs, each inith the music, for only one new subscriber. Renewal 15 cents 
extra. TRIFET'S ACME OF DANCES, containing one hunilred andjourttm pitta of 
manic, for one new subscriber. Renewal 10 cents extra. 
Address plainly, 

D. T. AMES, 202 Broadway, New York. 



The Verdict is Unanimous. 



I Opinio 



xllCN 



special 



E HAVE already 
printed opinions from 
scores o f penmen, 
many of them of na- 
t i n a I reputations, 
commendatory of our 
latest work. Ames' 
Book of Flouriehes. 
In an experience of 
many years as a. pvib- 
r-* lisber of penmanship 
books, we have never 
^ put anything on the 
market that has met with 
a more enthusiastic recep- 
^-"^ tion than this work. At- 
tention is directed to a 
offer of this work in our premium 




-A. I. Crnndtill, Teacher 
'^enmanitkip. Smith Center, Kan. 

Agreea tvith AH Who t'ral»r It. 
it me down as a^eeing with the luau who 

W 

so They at 

It far surpasses anything of the kind I have 
ever seen, and if every lover of " ' ""' ' 
art knew the true merits of tl 
jrtainly would purchase it at c 
^ St Va. Bus. C 

ralut Becetved Muttiptied by Ftre. 

Ames' Book of Flourishes is five times better 
than I expected, and worth five limes what 
you ask for it.— TF. Afacdonr/all, Ch/de, Mich. 



A Fruitful Sourre of Admlratton. 

I consider it a perfect gem; a book that is a 
iource of admiration to the young penmen and 
a, guide and model to the professional. It is 



worth ol iiitspiraiiuu un every page. — E. A 
Afcfherson, Ptnman, Hawkinsciile, I'fju*. 



In the langtiage of the day, "it takes the 
ike." I find it all as 1 " ' " " 

Hackrtt, Ojvjoh City, Ore. 



cake." I find it all as repi-esented.— £;. C. 



work so admirably adapted to the tastes of all 
who admire that branch of pen art —J. F. 
Humphries, Frin. of Alfiion Seminaru, Al- 



the way of flourishes. I would 



Ml-. J. W. Melchior, the well-known short- 
hand teacher of Toledo, Ohio, has invented 
and placed on the market an ingenious and 
interesting noveltv, known as the " Game of 
Shorthand." It consists of «4 lithographed 
cards, bringing all the shorthand principles 
into requisition and teaching the player while 



educational value. 




By A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn. 



announcements, elsewhere printed. The 
price is $1.50 for cloth binding; $1 for 
lieavy maniUa bindius. Here are a few 
more opinions, received weeks ago, since 
which lime we have had ten times as 
many from other penmen : 

Just the ThiLo for tt,r Amateur. 

I think it i-^ iii<t ttit- l.-iok rm- the amateur 
intliisBrt. Th.v II,. ii If 11. ail iiispirer, if for 
nothing else, i ^^ nllu..! i.. ^ iilmut mine for 
several tinj.--, ii~ .-i, m.l . li.-,.rfully com- 
mend it to all li>v. <> >)[ ihr ixaiitiiulin pen art. 
~A. McDantd, r.ut/*,, .^1 rcn.nanshipinthe 
Capital City Com. Coll., Austin, Texas. 



tt'o, re.r. 

Verdict Vnanhnout. 

I can only repeat what must be the universal 

verdict of ail critics, that it is the finest work 

ithe art of flourishing that bos yet appeared. 



' published. I find at \h 



Binders for Tbo Journal. 

The binder for The Jocrnax. that w 
now offering is very strong and neat, 
easily holds two full volumes— more i 
quired. The price by moil is seveiit; 
cent£, post-paid. The biinl' i ji .r,. i- 



EDUCATIONAL NOTES. 

[Contributions for this De| 

MA.Vs Art 

solicited.] 

Nathaniel Eaton was Harvard's first prin- 

New York City asks (or 14,561,444 for the 
public schools of 18»1. 
Of the 7915 public school teachers in Minne- 

The first normal school was suggested by 
Prof. DennisoD Olmstead in an oration at 
New Haven, Conn., in 1816. 

New York City has 12,546 vacant seats, and 
yet -WOO children are excluded because the 
buildings in their districts ore overcrowded. 

The University of Michigan reports the fol- 
lowing students: Literary, lORl; law, 56»; 
medical, ;i84; dental, 131; phai-macy, 93; 
homeopathic, fl3; total, 2871. 

The real estate value of the University of 
Leydon is $6,000,000. U is the richest in the 
world. 

The School Board of London, England, has 
placed a piano in each of the board schools 
under ita cheirge. 

Cornell has doubled its student membership 
in four years. 

In 1800 America had more colleges, in pro- 
portion to the population than she now has. 



" I was a poor scholar when at school," said 
Jenks. ' ' but when I adopted the tonsorial pro- 
fession I-rapidly went to the h&ad."— Kearney 

" I'm afraid. Johnny," said the Sunday 
school teacher, rather severely, "that I will 
n ver meet you in heaven." 

'* Why, what have you been doin' now f " — 
Ashland Press. 

New Teacher : " Now, little girl, what is 

Pupii : " Lu Lu Loomis." 

New Teacher; "You poor stuttering little 
thing. And what is your first name ?" 

Pupil: "Why, Lulu." 

Mr. Freshman : " Excu.se me, Professor, but 
are you good at figures ? " 

Prof. Matthew Matics : " Ahem I Why do 
you ask, Mr. Freshman ?" 

Mr. Freshman (moving away): "Only to 
find out whether you pi-eferred Mrs, Langtry's 
or Madame Modjeska's." 

Visitor: " Well, Tommy, how are you get- 
ting on at school ? " 

Tommy (aged eight): "First rate. 1 ain't 
doing so well as some of the other boys, though. 
I can stand on my head, but I have to put my 
feet against the fence. I want to do it with- 
out being near the fence at all, and I can after 
I have been at school long enough," — Boston 
Gazette. 

JVST FOR PVN. 



world. The father tans "the son and the s 

tans the father. 
She: " You are shivering ! Are you cold ?" 
He: "Yes; I must take something warm." 
u-m as toast. "-i'\^K. York 



worth a miUion dollars 1 
rson.' 
' Mamma, couldn't you advance c 



-7Vni 






"Only tbink," said Maud, "they used to 
say that the drama was going to the dogs. 
Now the puppies seem to be going to the 
drama," and she swept with her eyes the rows 
of seats filled with turbulent immaturity. — 



for an honest man to be poor." — Ex. 

He advertised: "Send ten cents and leani 
how to find the day of the month without a 



" Find out the date of the day before yester- 
day and add two. — New York Sun. 
A little pair of twins — a boy and a girl — 
be punished for some wrong. 



off everythings; she is 



INDEX TO VOLUME XIV. (1890) OF THE PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL. 



Actual nuHlucwWrlttni; » 

A. T. 8t«wart niia l*cnmanflbip Teacher 70 

Aini-8' Book or Flourishes -Aonouncement, 
Ontnlonti of Peomea. ice. .3^.U). \W. 114. 148. 104 

Aetatlc Penman. Uyun 98 

AdvertLolnnr. When It Doesn't Pay KM 

Advertlflin^ Writing. l^omoKorvliles. ■ ■. 142 

Alphabets, OrlfTin or 138 

Anatomy for PcunieiitUr. E O. Kimball) .. 1G4 
Ames St Hollison— New Firm Adooudoc- 

AmertcanfBms in lioslftod 17b 

Bent PenmUD, The— With Notes by Hla DIb- 

covercr ' 2* 

DIrth of a Bank Note M 

nualDeml'eHchios in Hli^h 6choola 40 

IIUSIKB8I» WRtTINn. 

Do Our Budiness Schools Teaili It / 41 

Commonld by 8. A. Drake. 

nrd,.I r 

Miller - 

Lm't'l'iV"' " "* """"",-.-■ .72,73 

AScrli-.i 1 '•• ■< ^ 1 niinllc) ,.-72, 81. 

liiJ. 114. 132, Ul. 106 

66 



L, Mussel 111 



Prelim inn I' 



Pro- 



Hii-iii. -• ^111.1 i.ii.-i-iii> I ni;. vis-No Conflict 

UvJubM'.m ulU'lu-^^^ VAu^MHt.m.-'..'..'.".' .:'.'. 1 
ButtlinK the >otioir8 Eloijuence {E. H. 

MineiO..." 1 

Business 'I raining in KelatioD to Our l£du- 

oatlonnmyAtom i 

C 
Comparative Caliber (T n r.ii'i^ 
CoDiro Ktver, The... 
Cut MakiOB aod Priiitiii- i A.h i.iii-iu- 

turelnUeooral..- 
CheokSlpniDirby Eleitn. ii\ 
CopyinKPaper— A New .\iinie 1 

UoloraTljatWlJlPhoiorfi-Hph 1 

Chumberliiin, W. 8 1 

Copy BooKB la Public Schools (Howard 

Champlln 1 

Cheap uooka. The Oood They Do 1 

O 

Deities' Name in Many Laoinieues 

Drawing and Art— Tlie Difference Between 

Them 

Drawtiucks of iibymlng 

iVfith'Wnv""' ''^"^ ^"''.'^^'.'.'^'.'^'^' [['.".'.[ i 

I'.-iui.- I'i-'. '■■ I'.nmon J 

E 
I J.i . M 1 . . M \. IIS. 4, 2a, 89. 62, «6, 83. 102. 
143. 169. 1 

FiiL - -I n 41 -itniiK— Acknowledgmeot 

iind Kfvifw oi ^rlOl'imet)8 Heceivea .. U, 
42, lirt. 7.i, »0. 1"7. 110. 131, 147, 163, 1 

Every Stroke ■ ounts 

BVIDKNCE t'^OM HANDWRITINO— Deduced 
by Profesalonal Investigation and An- 
alysis. 
The Orcat Blaisdell-Collom Foriicry Cuse 

at Minneapolis ] 

The Handwrltintt of the Celebrated 
" Junius Lettcra." ProfeasiouuUy Con- 
Bidered b> E.xpei t l'lm«t Cbahnt. Aided 

Conclii'^n III.-- ill I \].,ii Ti'stimony— 
COllJip- ' I unnilsDodgO- 

Kuyiu.T ... ",, 1 

Bastern i'>'iii< \ i i n .^njfgegted.-. 

Forged HtiiiHL'it nut III jmi 

FlirurinK Fiend, Tlie. 

Felton.E.K. (S S.Packard) 

Food, Peastino, etc.— Queer Things that 
Blen Eat. 

Humbiigfrery of Tiiete in Eating; Peo- 
ple wtmEiil r]),\ iiikI hill: Hats. DogB, 
and Cut- 11^ |-:iM.- hiiinifips; The Ap- 

ago HiL..( - . lii-i. Is ri-'ii steady Diet; 

8niiii-, --..1 ■■ ..-. T.i.hK iHid Other 

Kuri-l-.i- • imni. ,U- i'uduiillv Dv- 



7 of Beating Them. . 138 



lciil>ant'5 Trunk ; Our Deliberate 



Hauawnttcu Nbwspapura , 54 

Handwriting ol Famous Men 65 

History in Autographs 60 

Hypnotism lo Account for a Penman's 

Disappearance 145 

HelgbiofSeat 17:» 

Hinteto Leornereiby tlie E<litorJ 173 

If You Want to Be Loved 87 

Tnv.ntlvo Ampn.an aiimi.The 82 

iTitrniliK iiiu^ Ink in Hmrlwl Srhools (De- 

\^ II MM. I'M i.iiUMi.,i iinii i.iiry K. Keller). 161 



.ittleDook... 106 



Know Your Business Thoroughly 

Ryigs of the Earth— Some that We Meet 



Law of Lftuguage and the Language of Law. 

Letters by Telegraph 

Literary Girl Ciiidiiatf* in Burliness, The.... 



MctropolKiiii i;ii-Mii -- < .iih 

New Home 
Money by the i tir Load . . 
Money, (Juner F&ots about 
Miller. J. Calvin 



NEwspPTBEPnoFBssiOK.— School BOd Per- 

sonal Items. etc -.. 10. 26,42. 5«. 74, TO. lOJ. 

New Books iu the English Language ' ' ' 

N ATDRAL HiGTOKY TOPICS. 

Cloves; When Pusa WastnHerGlory 



Frieucl. theSuafI . 
[^vdized Mao to tne isartn tvorm. 
Debtor : Outta Hercha and India Kub- 



A Chat about Birds. Ucusts. Fishes and 
Insects: Some Pecullaritlee of Ani- 
mals ; The Fecundity of Animals ; 
EggB of Insects : Training Insects ; The 
Flapping of a Fly's Wing; Animal 
Farming. Hibernation and .£stl\-a- 
tlOD ; Animal Sensibility to Pain; In- 



Ornamental Pen Work, Sha 



sons bv H. W. i 



. H (L.L- Williams) - 



Pei-sla's Expert Penmen.. 



Penmen o I To- Day, What They Must Know. 40 



^''by*! 



. Hoff) . 






(Le(>sons 
.3. 22, 36. 50 



Port 

Penmen Was Penmaker. When 6/ 

Preachlnir Humbugs .TO 

Postage Stampa-How They are Made. 86 

Pencil Pointed Character 98 

Penmanship in Five Knacks— A Vigorous 
Satire by ^' Jim the Penman." Assisted by 

Many Lively Cuts TO-I08 

Penmanship in Public Schools, The Press 

Waking Up - . 104 

Pen SpccimenB-AboutSelccting Designs . 105 

Packard in Bronze lOfl 

Points on Position (C. H. Pelice) Hil 

Penmanship Exhibits (Lucy K.Kelleri H(l 

Penny Ui>ttleof Ink. A 142 

Portraits on Our Greenbacks. .. .. 142 

Phooonrraph to Kecord on two Cylinders. A. H2 

Phenomenal Septuagenarian PeDinnn 160 

Pacillc Business Educators' Association ItO 

Programme First Meeting 179 

Position at the DeskfMoward Champlio).. . 172 

R 
Keviews of Books. Current Literature, etc. 
(The Editor's Calendar).... 11,29,41.50,74, 

SB, Utl, 131, 147, 163, 181 

Hoyal Autographs 34 

Kelurnof the Hoe-Story 52 

Railroad to Europe 54 

Hapidity of Thought.... 54 

Heading Mewspapers 55 

Romance of a Working Boy , . . 71 

Biding by Kail Half n I'entury Ago . . 71 

Hislng toa Polntof Order 116 

Kuling for Practice Paper (Lucy E. Keller) 173 

S 
Shohthaud and TypBwniTiNO Topics. 
Individuality in Typewriting; Short- 
hand and Typewritmg; The World We 
' • ■- ""^y to Phonographiocript); 

-_ io High Schools 4, 5 

■Id Wo Live In C'horthand Script) 5 
The Amanuensis That is "Wanted" 

(S. S- Packard) 20 

The Typewriter in the Senate; Facts 
About Shorthand Authors ; Type- 
writers at the Vatican; Pen or Pencil 

for t<horthand 21 

The Literary Critic (Shorthand Script 
from Mr. Muuson's Notes by G. C. 

Beard) 21 

The "Pretty Typewriter" Must Go. ... 50 

Typewriter Adjustable Spacing 67 

Silver and Gold Currency 55 

Short bentences 55,141 

Slates us. Tablets 67 

Mealing Brother Cook's Thunder 67 

Scleotinc Note.s 71 

Sort of Crazy Volapuk. A.. 86 

Schoolhouse Costing »2!y).0(XI 138 

Sdmmer Jaunt ABROAD. A (Krom tiie Edi- 
tors' Vacation Note Hook.) 

S<'ene3 on an Ocean Greyhound 143 

Through Irulimd and Wales, Chesterand 

Stratloid-on-Avon 158 

Westmin-*tei .\bbt>y and^ ParllameDt 
Huil'iiiit.'s 174 



iind— A Comedy Story Showing 
are Quacks In all Tradcs--EveQ 



Talking Machini 



lildi-en Thrift. 



Unshaded Capitals (C. H. Peirce) 49 

Universities of the World 98 

V 

One'Word (Clinton fioollardi IB 

Burning Drift- Wood f Wbittier) 26 

Auctioneer. The <S, W. Foss) 51 

Spelling az Iz Spelling 55 

RoomattbeTop B6 

Mary's Mistake ; Poem Postponed 67 

A Yankee View of a British poet (S. W, 

FossJ 83 

Poems va. Peanuts (DeWItt C. Lock- 
wood) 82 

A Revolting Tale ; Some Curious Sights 8i 

They Slant In that Direction (S. W. Foss) 98 
Change (Sarah K. Bolton) . 



s Resolution (Wm Cowie). 



Vocabulary of u Girl of i'. 
Western Penm 



B Fourth Annua) Con- 
t Des Moines, From the Notes 



Note from President Craodle.. 



t<'ifth Annual Meeting.. 161 



Walled-in Country, A. . 



Calendar for 18U0 ( W. B. Robinson) 

Forged and Genuine Signature Cuts, Illu 
trating Blaisdell-Collom Forgery " 



Professor Hoff's Writing 



Standard Capitals 

Artistic Lf>ti«r Heading.. 



Business Letter fW. H. Patrick) 

Double Page Composite New Year's lUus- 



loltlal (Zaner) 



Ornamental Bpecimeo . . 



s for Book Illustration . . 



The Best Penman (G. W. Wallace) .. 
Ornamental Specimen (F. S. Pellettl. 



Promissory Note (W. H. Patrick) — 

Artistic Design for IllustratiOD .. 

Fancy Initials by The Jodrnal Staff 



OrnRmental Design (A. E. Deivhurst).. 

DiatrramB and Exercises with Professor 
Hoff's Lesson 

PorlraltofO. P. Williams 

The Journal's 4utoqraph album.— Speci- 
mens by J. P. Byrne and A. H, Hoss 

Artistic 8peoiraens—2 _ .... 

Ornamental Design (B. F. Williams).. 



2 Heat Penman" (Walt. Wallace). . 



Script Specimen (Piatt H. Spencer).. 

Diploma Headi 

Fancy Design . 

"■— "- • Hour.— FuR Pagi 



, by E. U. Lcland. 



VT. 



Jones, O. J. i*t 

John D. Williams, the Old-Time Master. 27 

Ornamental Denign (with Kibbe's Lesson)-- 98 

"The Mystery Solved"— lomlc Design .... 29 

Fancy Initial IC. P. Zaner) 24 

IflHrch. 

c Specimen (Direct Process) 33 



urnal'sAutoohaph Album. (Sneci- 
uy E C. Mills and A. J. Dalrymple),. 34 

,-9 for Fancy f^ards (M. B. Moore and 

Fielding SchoHeld) 35 



1 Cuts with Professor 



Hoff's lesson . - .. 

Peacock Flourish (Fielding Schofleld). 37 



(Lyman P. Spei 



' Spencerlan Copy-Book 



Enjrrossing Script 

MndulSlghtDraft{W.H. Patrick) 

Example in Perspective— With Kibbe's Los- 



Ornamental Design— Copy by P. w.Costello 
Cartoon: "Our Private Secretary " (W B, 



"The Western Penmen "—Portrait Group.- 48 

Bird Flourish (F. Broghammer) 43 

"Treasure Trove" (An Old Timer, by Prof. 

J. H. Barlow) 47 



Off. Hand Capitals (D. E. Blake) 49 

Desiirn for Book Illu • '■ 



Charts and Diagn 



I Professor Hoff's 



Note and Capitals- D. W. Hoff 

The Penman's Leisure Hour 

Bird Flourishes by D, E. Blake. A. W, 
Dakin. H. A. Howard, J. F. Cozart. and 
H. S. Blanchard. 

Egyptian Cat Mummies 

Scenes on the faciftc— Drawn for The 

Journal by C. C. Muring 

Initials by Zaner 

Business Writing (Seven Specimens). Repre- 

Erie, Pa.: The Suell. Norwich, Conn.; 

EatoD & Burnett's, Baltimore 

Ornamental Dei^iign (A. E. I'ewhurst) . 

Bird Flourish (L. .M.Kclchncr) 

TravelioK Penman (Cartoon by Webb) ... 



Metropolitan Buslr. _ _ 
Treasure Trove.— FIou 
Initials by Tbe Journa 



I hicago.. 
I) by Chapman.. 63 



.49,! 



Title Page of Ames' Book of Flourishes 65 

New Business College Diploma 67 

Script Specimen (C. P. Zaner) 68 

Ornamental t-pecimen 68 

The Penman's Leisure Houb-.. 69 

Flourished Specimens by W, E. DenniB 

Pages of Artistic Menu (2) ....70-71 

Specimens of Pupils' work- Bryant's Col- 

Icirc. Chicago 72 

•■ Business Writing " — Specimens from 
Teachers. Pupils and Graduates of Can- 
ada Bus. Coliogo. Chatham, Ont 73 

Model Receipt (C. E. Wel)bcr) 74 

Ornamental Design Drawn by R. B. Farhy... 75 

Model for « lass DriU(J. 0. wiae) 75 

Chapter on Moveniet t«— Cartoon by J. F. 

Tyrrell ... 76 

Treasure Trove- Model Letter by D. H. 

Farley 79 

Initials, Start and End Pieces, etc., by C. M. 
Weiner, A. Phllbrick, The Journal Staff 

June. 

Writing Position at Desk— Portrait of C. N 

Crandle 81 

Copies and Exercise Cuts with Mr. Crandle'B 

WritinK Le"8(*n 81 

Special Shorthand Diploma Design 83 

Artistic Menu , 85 

Cover Stamp i-f Aines' Book of Flourishes. . . 86 

The Penman's Leisume Hour 87 

Bird Flourishes by C. S. Perry. A. L. Van 
Buskirkand E. E Caramack. 

TeachintfPtnraansliip for Business f8 

Specimens from the Stockton, Cal., Bus. 
College. 

Script I.«dKOr Headings 88 

Bonk Illustration 89 

Artistic Design (August Fischer) 89 

Artistic End Piece (H. V. Fountain). , . . 90 
The Youngest Allround Penman-Humor- 
ous Design by W. B, Robinson 9(1 

Script and Flourished Specimen (C. H. Kim- 

mur) 91 

Trkasdrb TRovB-Lelter by E. K. Isaacs... D5 
Initial Liittors, Start Pieces, kc, by C P. 
Zaner. c. M. Weiuer, HS. Blanchard, The 
Journal staff, etc. 

July. 

Portrait of E. R. Felton 9T 

Illustrations with " Pencil- Pointed Charac- 

tcr"{3) 98 

Thirty-two Lively Cuta, byJlm the Pen- 
High Class Book IIMiVtvition .'-'..' 101 

Copies and Excni-i-. wirti I'mf Crandle's 

Wilting Lo^>"ii 102 

The Penman's 1,1 1-1 I, ( i|,.ii,- .--.103 

Bird Flouri-^iir-, i.\ w | m.,i.-v and C. 

P.Zaner. "slmK." ■< '..mi.. iVpiiiKn by 

S ecI^'eS'''^f wV ^ • .. , 104 

Gem City Business College. 105 

The Packard Bust kw 

Tale of a Business Educator (3 Plclurcs by 

Weiibf ;. ine 

The Yachting Lesson— Sketches by D. H. 

Coml>' illustrations '..'...'.'. iio-11 

Initials, Ornamental Start and End Pieces, 

etc., by C. P. Zaner. J. H. Westcott, C. M. 

Wiener, The Journal Staff, etc. 

Portrait of J. C Miller il3 

Copies with Prof Crandle's Writing Lesson U4 
The Penman's LbisurbHodr.— Bint flour- 
ish, by J, C. Miller iifi 

Fancy Alphabet (W, w. Spear) lis 



Illustration for I 



t and End Pieces, by C 



P Zaner. J- H- Westcott, The Journa 



M. Mehan.. 12D 



City Com. Coll.. Des N.. 
Pen Drawing (C. L. Stuhhs), , 



E Pe.nman's Leisure Hour . 



1 Flourish, by A. 



Initial Letters, ( 



8 with Crandle's Writing 
with Kibbe's Lesson., i 



I Exercises with Crandle's 
Less 
:oijy witl - 
Pen work. . 
Uustness Letter (H. F, Crumb). - 
InteriorVlewsofa ItusySchool 



Opr Hts. Coi^ 



nrd Design 147 



Flight of the Modern Al Boi-ak.- Cartoon, 



and "ZIm," of Jiidfife ... 147 



Initials, End Pie 



I Journal Stuff and others. 



Diagram with Kibbe's l*sson.. 



1 Crandle's Writing 



■tides 156-57 



KenilworthCnstip 
The Haunted Placi 



Staff, 



Portrait of W,^. Chamberlaii 

Colleges 
peclmens _ 
Bus. Coll 



Our BrsiNEBB _ 
ilkes-Barre. Pa,, 



. 164 



Exercises for Practice (E. K. Isaacs).. 

>f Parliament 

ital Foot-piece (C, F.Johnson) . 



Taugh 

Specimens from i 

December. 

Christraafl Greeting (W._B _Kobinson).. 
Exercises for Practice ( 
Houses of Parliament.. 

" '(CI 

Album.. 

,Greetmg{C. R. Rollinson) 178 

urnamental Foot piece (C. P. Zaner) 178 

Whiting as Tacoht in Our Business Col- 
leges 179 

Specimens from Metropolitan Bus. Coll., 
Chicago. 

The Penman's Leisure Hour lBO-81 

Bird Flourishes, by Fielding Schofleld 
and D. H. Farley. 
"Forward the Pen Brigade" (Comic by D, 

A.GriffitIs) 182 

Drawings Appropriate to the FestlveSea- 

son (A. C. Webb) 183 

"Tbe Spirit of Investigation "-Comic Se- 
ries 1S5-6 

Ornate Initial Letters, Start and End- 
pieces, &c., by C. P. Zaner. K. L. Dicken- 
sheets and The Journal staff. 

NOTES. 
Thlaindex Inchi'l*-'^ unlv ihr io[mI mii. 

far as fea.«ilde."'t h"' iinl' "mii'1-"'|ii.-""i'i!' .iV .[••<!<■ 
topically, rather liiiiii in ii..|.lu ruilnuniL. rh... 



hioniuiiii^-, 11 i-..nU ri. ..■.--, n\ lo -i.ccifythe 
title of till' uiiU-l.. iiii'l till- I iif (ilie month 
of issue being ol no coiiHciiueme). Mngle num- 
bers 10 cents ; three for 2a cents 

We have retained a few complete sets of Vol- 
ume XiV, which will be mailed free on receipt 
olSl; wiih strontf and neat binder that wil. 
hold over two volumi-s. SI. jti. 

half the nuniVi i . n' ,,V xbem. 

A^^^ll, Jum-, se|ii . , i , . , , ,■ ,i Nnvember 

Volume Xll n.'-.-- |... t. i u nii binder. 

$1-50. An.v uuiiii.Li ul \ uluiii^ .Ml ,1888) sent 
for 10 cents. 

Volume XI (1887) complete^ (except, midsum- 

8l..)0 " 

Vol _ _ 

cember missing), 81 ; with binder, fi.90. 



I (188 . _ , . _ 

uly number). $1 ; with binder. 

Volume X (1886. October. November and De- 

■mber missing), 81 ; with binder, fl.90. 

Volumes VII (1683), VIII (l£84) and IX (IUBS). 

all complete except for January, lf'83 (Volume 

VU), 81 each : with binder. $1 50 each. 

SPI'M'IAL Oia'EB. 

to i8it(i!i".'i. '■'.'.. '''.'.'-'.. ■ ''.' '.'. 'V'.-' ."■•'--..'.''".'.. ....' 

only">:!!". \ ^. '. i: : ■' .. n.i. . ' ' , i . ' . 

hold til.. i..| - ^|.,ll^ 

mens and aiticlea they contain Is likely t< 
again. Even foi ' ' - 

would be cheap 

These back numbers take up 
and In future we shall carry v 
who wish the paper should f 
vance. While yet we have on liand some exiro 
copies of volume Just closing (except Vay- 

-- - " ily be cold with 

, - w SOW) It would ije wen lo ■ - 
above index carefully, and oifler 



book purposes they 









ipletesots) ii 
papers as may be reii'ulred, 
TIIE PENinAN*S ABT JOVBNAL, 

DANIEL T. AMES. Editor and Puhlishbr, 
202 Broadway. New York. 



PenmcD will be glad to learn that Kins- 
-y and Stephens have added a card line 
to' their specialties. We rpconimend the 
libtral and reliable, besides 
T a technical knowledge of what 
require— a point of ^etit advan- 



Th, 


., int.re. 


rd in premium 


, ,„»vW 


lin ic 


" '» ;"■<■ 


n-ve thii- is!fur 


of The 


Journal. We 


shall not hax 


e space 


again 


to anno 


ttice thene pi-em 


urns 80 


r.rtev 


ivelv. It 


in ft fireat list 


by the 


lea I/, 


■*«7 it f 


Worth going oi 


rr cate- 


/U//J/. 


whether 


lou conteniplate 


getting 


nv a 


club or not. Some Jirat-rlass h«H- 1 


ilay preaenlH a 


nong them. 


1 




n 

ATTEND THE 

Zaner~and Keichner, Proprltlori 
I.catlinK exclusive School of Pcnmiiii^liii 

i„. .. 

Mtiilrrn Mctho<l9. Sensible Tbeortes. TiiltioD 

.lob work done on short notice. Cntalogue 

lEAEK TO ■V7RITE YOTJE NAME. 

Send me j-our name written In full, and a cents, 

writing It, wi*,h Instructions ; or nend m 
stamp, and I will send you addressed In mj own 
list descriptive of Iv-ssons by Mall. Kx- 
rements. Tracing Exercl:**'!.. (apbals. 
Curds, FlouHshlnp, etc. Adrire-is 

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THE DAYSPAGING 
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202 BR0.4DWAV, NKH 



Price List of 
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For -ale by THE PENMA'v'S ART JOURNAL. 



'""^' '""^ BOOHS, ETC. 

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An ^' Book of Alphabets 160 

Ame?' Qaide to Practical and Artlstio Pen- 
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Amefc" Ciipy Slips for 3 eif-Tcuc hers CO 

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Standard Practical Penmaneihlp, bytlie Spen- 

cei Brothers 1 OO 

New Spenccrlao Compendium, complete In 8 

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Kibbe'a Alpnai>et,<i, Iiv -in--,-'ir , iiiiii;ik'to 

s--tof -7 slips -.. 1 00 

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German Text Alpboii. I ... 30 

(irant Memorial ."J\-^ luclies BO 

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CAItnS, CARDBOARD, PAPER, PEN8. 

Nt.TB.— ir*" can sitpp y nottitng in ttieae lineo ' 
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Uruamental and Flourished Cards. 12 designs, 

new. original and artistic, per pack of GO. ,^ 80 

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600 " 260 

1000 " $4.60: by express 4 00 

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per sheet, quire 

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Drawing paper, hot^press, 15x20..$ .15 1 1 SMI 

17x28.. .20 8 00 



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Points— setof three 20 

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straight or oblique), each lOc.; per dozen, 1 00 
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each 5c.; per dozen 36 

Writing aud Measuring Ruler, metal edged. . 30 

" phiin 15 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings '5 

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binder, Jouhnai. size, very durable , I 50 

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wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 

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Ing. c->ninierclai aiithmetlo or other educatluiml 

Scfid the money with order. In all cases. Unless 
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MES. 202 Broadwa). Ne 



Some books are so well written and prove so valuable to their 
owners that thieves steal their contents, and by misarrangetnent 
of them, make books which they try to palm off as superior to 
the originals. 

Graham's Hand-Book of Standard Phonography 

has been pirated from, to a greater extent, probably, than any 
book ever published in the United States. 

Because it is the best te.xt-book on the subject ever published, as 
is proved by the fact that it rendered obsolete all phonographic 
books preceding it, all.of which are now out of print, and by the 
fact that the best portions of all phonographic books published 
since have been stolen from it. 

What evidence is there that it is a standard work ? 

/i has been published 31 years without change because none 
has been found necessary. 

It has been used for years in many of the best institutions of 
the country, and the system it teaches is used by the best report 
ers in the world. 

These are facts which can be proved. 

Send for a free copy of All About Phonographv, the 
largest and handsomest shorthand circular ever published. 

ANDREW J, GRAHAM, 



Author and Publisher, 



744 Broadway, New York. 



SHORTHAND. 



fckJMCy" 



rcBs, postpaid. tl.O 



SHORTHAND, 

prHotical verbatim repOit«r. IC years' 

" ' " Situations (luarantecd. 



S K O R, T H-A-KT ID. 

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SHADED, PO^ITION sy8t«iU8, when TWEf.VE 
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NECTIVE VOWEL. PfeRNIN SHORTHAND, 
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MATL orariNSTITUTE. Trial leason FREE. 
Booli sent to colleges for exaininntion. Write. 

H. M. PERNIN, t^-tf 

Dotr-oit, - - . Iblioh. 



BACK NII.tl^ERS of THBJouBNALCon- 
tainiQH: Mrs. Packard's Complete Lessons 
iMunson Sliorthaiid for sale. Price $1.75 per 



Best Work on Shorthand Ever Written. 



The author of this work is Prof. Alfred Day, a shorthand 
reporter of 25 years' experience, author of "Aid to Graham," 
" Shorthand Copy-Book," &c.. President of the Cleveland Sten- 
ographers' Association, Principal and Proprietor of Day's School 
of Shorthand. 

ft does not pretend to be a new system. It presents Graham's 
System in a wonderfully simplified form, doing away entirely with 
the objections that have been made to that system by reason of 
its interminable complications. Prof. Day has removed these 
stumbling blocks, making the path of the student entirely plain. 

The results obtained by this work are unequaled in the history 
of shorthand teachers. The publishers will be glad to give scores 
of testimonials from those who have acquired proficiency in a re- 
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Shorthand Manual." 

The book, beautifully printed and bound in cloth, will be sent 
by mail post-paid to any address on receipt of the price, $1.50. 

i-CTHIRD EDITION mm 
IWITHIN ONE YEARmsiM 

SEND FOK. C!IK.CXJL^K,S. 

THE BURROWS BROTHERS CO., Publishers, ,^ 

23 to 27 Euclid Avenue, - Cleveland, Ohio!' 



A steaotrrapher who can type-wrfte his notes woutd bemrerf 
Scholar'"— Charlw Keadk. 00 "The romlntr Man." 

Remington 
Standard Typewriter. 



1 poverty than a great Oreel 




For tifteen Veats Ihc Standard, and 
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A Earn their name 1^ because they l^are made from 
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writR^ers, and usedTe-Xclusively inTmany of 
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Ves|Y|they cost a litLtle more than Lo r c'i "■'"■. V 
pens — asPmuch as onc-/^thirteenth ofllacent 
a pen morel" by the gross.^If that differlVIe n ce 
would in Lt^rf'^re with yo\Jurgetting the ff Best, 
Ames' Best/^Pens are notT'ihe pens f o r^ 
you. The price\is 35 cents a I quarter gross V 
bo.x; $1.00 aO?ross. D. T. | AMES, 202\J 
Broadwav, New York. 



L 
U 
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u 

R 
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O 
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HENRY LlNDENMtYR, 
Paper Warehot-ise, 

Nos. I 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



NEW YORK. 



To Principals of Schools and Others. 

ISAAC PITMAN'S SHORTHAND. 



Forty Pages of Reading Matter 

MUNSON PHONOGRAPHY, 



DICTATION MANUAL 

STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND WRITERS 

or all Systems of Shortltand. 

Tbc Students' Shortbana Dictation Manual is 
a beautiful cioth bound volume, coDtafningt 
over 270 pages of the choicest eelectloos of lit- 
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THE IWANUAI. eontains a. large number 
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the world's greatest miodson subjects of evprj-- 



ir hot Court Testimony 

iiK^i.ldroes t™ the jury! 
: and defendant, and the 



L-rclore the writer is brought i 

d forms found In court work. 

rms and articles of which the ^tenographer 



xpi-essioua 
I business 



length, and the t 



T). raiiiel Webster's Speech at Albany. 
All in tlie best style of Munson phonography, 
PnW 10 crn/s for each. 25 cents for three, 
40 cents for ^1 



S. S. PACKARD, Publisher. 



101 East 23d Street. 



TYPEWRITERS. 

Loreest like establishment Id the world. First- 
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UDprejudl<-ed advice Riven on all makes. Ma- 
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EXOHANaiNQ A BPECIALTir. Wholesale priees 
to dealers. Dluetrated Catalo^ies Free. 



K'i 



tact speed at wl 
« praise."— fw>/. I 



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27if» book sJtouM h« (M the hantlnof every et 
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Literal disaiiint ifhen mdered tn quantttii 



THE STENOGRAPH. 

The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Bfur, Aoburate and ReilAble. S«Dd stamp for a 
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methodby EC. ATKI.NSO.N. Principal of 
Sacremenlo Business College. Sacremenlo. 
Cal. By mail. 50 cent,. Ad dress .is above 



I Jieduad to SSS. 







AKT .lOl KNAI. 



REGARDING THE 

WILLIAMS & RO BERS COMMERC IAL PUBLICATIONS. 

The following unsolicited letter from a Graduate of Amheret of 1860, ii Post-Graduate of Harvard of 1863-4, a Commercial Teacher of extended experience, a former 
Principal of the San Francisco, California, High School, and at present Conductor of Teachers' Noruinl Inatitutes in California, amounts to an epitome of the complimentary 
comments on the Williams & Rogers Publications which Jirc received in t'very mail : 

fl.E3.A.ID IT ! 

SAN Fbancisco. Cai... September 10, ItJM). 
WILLIAMS & KUGERS, Kocheatur. N. Y. 

Mt Dbab Sirs : The longer one lues or etudfea your Complete Busioeas Serlrg, the Commercial Law, the Commei 
Bookkeeplnir. the Practical Grammar, and the Seventy Lessons Id Spelling, the more he appreciates and admii-es the \ 
he thODlis and bleaaes the aalbors. It is a simple, plain, cold-blooded fact that In these books you have provided the n 
library for the young business man. or, indeed, the older one, yet offered to the American public. 

As to your " Complei e Bookkeeping *' Itn name la no assumption. The book Is all its title claims— so practical, senfilble and uaaMe, that it 
fa'rlydlatancesall competitorshefore they reach the quarter-vole. Its publication has placed the whole world of youna students or bmioesa under 
life-long obligations to you. 

Your "Commercial Law" embodies a completeneesof subjecis, an exactness of statemeot and a conformity to the latest leirislation, which Justly 
entitle It to rank as an authority. Tn recency and reliability it stands unquestionably the vury beat. 

The '-CommercialArlthmetif" is as indispensable to the accountant or even to the ordinary business man as Webster's Dictionary to the literary 
man or as "Cooley's Oiockstone " to the would-be lawyer. It Is a pity that it could not becomo th" ri-i-'itliir tcTcf bnnk in our fc-T^mraur and high 

In the "Practical Grammar and Bu^ines^ CorreBpoudeuce " you have taken away from ilei k-, :iiii n n-i-, i-dv ah -< . m hn n-. .niil otheru of 

siimtlnr occupation all excuse for blundei-s in form or Inaocuracies In the expression of busiiu— -rni. n;. ~ In liu t d wnuM h. un jiunieuae bless- 
ing to thousands of cultivated readers if more of our reporters, not to suy some editors, were i<_'i'i"<i| (!_' jm--- iio txliuiisiivu v.xumiuation in it 
heforeossuming to force their conspicuous ignorance of "Good English " upon an unoffending im''lif- 

The " Seventy Lessons in Spelling " has quite too modest a title. It is. in reality, much more than a spelling book. It is a dictionary and gazetteer 
ns well, while Its unusually full table of necessary abbreviatlous is of itself worth many times the price of the admirable little manual. 

The young student of business forms and methods, in thef r widest sense, needs no more than youi- series to enable him to acquire the amplest 
qualincatlons, while many an older businessman will ^Rin valuable points by the careful reading < f your exuetlcnt books. In the fullest sense they 



:, the Complete 
I and the more heartily 
:omplete and exhaustive 



form what one may Justly call "T 

Although already under great obligations t( 
new editions or new works which you may Isa 



8 LIbrory . ' 
a for man 



valuable fi 



i bints permit me to request that you will kindly keep n 

Fraternally younp. g KNOWLTON. 



3 posted a 



•^J^!^ IC ? ^'fi l S '^^^ retail prices of Williams & Rogers Publications are as follows: 

The New Complete Bookkeeping, $3.50; the New Bookkeeping, 12.00; the New Introductive Bookkeeping, $1.35; the First Lessons in Bookkeeping, $0.75; 
the Commercial Law, $2.00; the Commercial Arithmetic. $2.00; thef Civil Government of the United States, $1.50; the Practical Grammar and Correspondence, $0.75; 
and the Seventy Lessons in Spelling, $0 30. Sample pages of these books will be mailed to any teacher upon application, and sample copies will be mailed for examination 
with a view to introduction at one-half of the above prices. 
^ Williams & Rogers also carry a large stock of commercial school supplies, consisting of Foolscap Paper, Pens, Penholders, Pencils, Rulers, Blotting Paper, Figuring 

Pads, Erasers, Ruling Pens. Blank Books for the Bookkeeping series, Blanks to accompany Seventy Lessons in Spelling, Business Forms, College Currency, &c., &c. 

Send for a copy of the Catalogue of the Publications, containing wholesale and retail prices and more than one thousand testimonials from leading educators. Address 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Educational Publishers, Rochester, N. Y. 



WHEN the President of one of the largest Business 
Colleges in the country writes in such a manner re- 
garding the merits of this book, it is not necessary for the 
publishers to say anything more. 




We also publi.sh a school edition of thesame work, to be 
used in High Schools, Commercial Departments of Avu- 



peirag Qellega of ^ 


lisinasa 




R<c.>4 em't. 9ir-9IS Chni.u< Sin 


* 


—■^.,. 


PhiWslphii. Pa, '. 


'■-•'•"■ 




"..:;.„.„, 




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!i.;"r:i.!rr™!""! l 


'wppi " !!.».. 


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.... ... (Ul 


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i"t:z:.t:~.'Z.'Z 


>™".."!:i.™. 




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-^pL^ -^t-v*.. 



A SAMPLE copy of either edition will be sent to Teach- 
ers. School Otticers, &c., for examination, upon re- 
ceipt of 7.5 cents. 




SADLER PUBLISHING CO., 

Publishers of Sadler's Arithmetics, - BALTIMORE, MO. 



PACKARD'S PUBLICATIONS. 



1. Commercial Arithmetic. (Complete edition.) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard hook 

on this subject. Used in over loo business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price. $1.50. Liberal 
discounts to schools. 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition. ) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beauti- 

ful text-book before the coiintr)-. Retail price, $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Packard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete 

treatise on Bookkeeping, arranged for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable te.xt-book. Retail price, $1. With 

proper discounts. 

Any one of these books sent to teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 

Mcnlion this Journal. 



S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, loi East 23d Street, New York. 




Published Monthly 
202 Broadway. N. V.. for $1 p 



PENMAN'S GAZETTE. 



ered nt the Post Office of New Yorh. 
N, Y , as Second-Class Mai! Matter. 
Copyright, 1890, by D.T. AMES. 



NEW YORK, NOVEMBER, 1890. 



Vol. XIV.— No. U 



Bottling the Nation's Eloquence, 



Official Reportln 



t Written for The Jouhnai, t>i/ E, N. Miner, 
Editor of The Phmiographic 'Worla.~\ 

nK WORK of the official re- 
porters at Waf-hington bas long 
presented a theme upon which 
magazine writers and news- 
irrespondents have delighted to 
)d otiers a subject of never failing 
o the general ^ 



dilate, i 

reader, a subject cdd- 
stantly presenting new 
pbjses of the proceed- 
ings of ourtwogreaf- 
est deliberative bodies, 
and ns intimate a view 
of theofhcial lives of 
the men who compose 
them, as is permitted 
to the public. Here 
it i^, upon the floor of 
the House or Senate, 
that a representative is 
seen at his best {or 



reports of important speeches that have 
been made at Washington one diiy appear 
in the columns of the daily prest of San 
Francisco or London on the morning of 
the nest, or oftentimes when matters of 
more than usual importance occupy the 
public mind, editions of "extras" will be 
cried upon the streets of thosecitiep. mt/nn 
tico hours after the speech has been de 
livered three thousand miles airaj/. 

The ever changing scene of excited 
debate on the floor of the Senate, or more 
particularly upon the floor of the House 



rule of the hour. Here the dignified 
member is no lon{;er uignified, law and 
order seem forgotten, and as each raemher 
strives to make himself heard above his 
neighbor mingled with the hurrying o 
and fro of messenger and reporters the 
souna of the Speaker s gavel is often 
drowned amid the confusion and pande 
monium pre\Hili> In all this hub I ub 
tht reporter alone is expected to mamtain 
his equilibrium and a perfect control of 
his senses to hear every word that is 
uttered and to report it correctly 



orst), 



nd hei 






t accustomed 
1 the people as 



daily taki 

(luring the session 
the only photograph 
which is at all true 
to life, and which, 
rt fleeted from the 
points of the report- 
ers' pencil?, and thence 
through the great 
press of the country, 
presents him to the 
]icopIeas he i^, St ripped 
of the glamor of party 
favoritism, stripped of 
his own egotism, him- 
.self laid bare to pub- 
lic gaze, through the 
forgctfulnesa of the 
moment when heated 
debate robs him of 
dignity, and shows bi 
nearly as he sees himst 
for men to judge of or picture one another. 
So the Senate reporter or the House re- 
porter sees him, and it is only through 
their eyes that the public sees him at all. 

Prom the time of Thomas Lloyd, who 
reported the first Federal Congress of the 
United States in 1789, down through the 
times of service of GaUs, Carpenter, Smith, 
GaleK, Jr., and Seaton (the earlier repor- 
ters), to the time of the present Murphy (of 
the Scuate) and the late McElhone (of the 
House), the greatest utterances of our 
greatest men and writers in jwliucal life 
have been preserved and made public 
through the medium of the reporters' 
pencil. In this way the great speeches of 
Van Bureo, Webster, Madiaon, Randolph, 
Harrison. Clay and all of our leading states- 
men of the last one hundred years have 
been given to the people, and almost a-s 
soon as they were uttered upon the floor 
of the House or Scuate. In this way, and 
further aided by the telegraph, v€rl)atim 




A CORNER OF THE OFFICIAL REPORTERS' ROOM, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. WASHINGTON, D. C. 



is -well worthy of the pen of the artist, 
and will repay a visit of many miles to 
witness. Great skill is required often on 
the part of the reporter in keeping track 
of the debate which is in constant prog- 
ress, and he is frequently obliged to leave 
his seat and follow an excited group of 
members about the floor, when, note-book 
and pencil in hand, he. strains to catch 
the words of heated debate aa they fly 
like hailstones from the lips of half a 
dozen members at once. Here, where it 
might be supposed that dignity, good or- 
der and decorum would reign supreme, 
the reverse is oftentimes the case, and 
disorder and the utmost confusion are the 



The pay of the official reporter of the 
House is 15000 a year for each of the four 
assistants, and $6000 a year for the chief. 
Out of these salaries the reporters pay still 
other assistants for transcribing their 
notes. The chief of the reporters of the 
Senate receives |;25.000 a year, out of 
which he employs assistants both to aid 
him in reporting and transcribing. 

The Scuate reporting for upward of 
thirty-Sve years past bas been in the hands 
of Mr. Dennis F. Murphy, now retired 
from active work ; that of the House for 
about the same length of time was pre- 
sided over by Mr. John J. McElhone, 
lately deceased. 




Feeling that the readers of the Pen" 
man's Art JouitNAL yill be interested in 
knowing something of the immense 
amount of work performed at each ses- 
sion of the Senate and of Congress by 
these men I will quote from a personal 
letter received bv mvself September 10, 
18W fiom Mr Fred Irland one of the 
otBtial reporters of the Hon i. who has 
lately been appointed to tht flacc upon 
Mr McElhone a death In his letter Mr. 

The Coufire swnal JR coid of the first 
session of the Fiftieth 

— ^ ^^ Congress contained 10,- 

lOO pi),es That session 
ttd] urned October 17, 
IS88 The Hecord of this 
Fifty first Congress has 
already (September 8) 
parsed that figure, with 
nearly six weeks to 
pare Under the new 
rules of the House, 
adopted last December, 
almost e\tiy speech is 

minutes and the deliates 
arenemly all made up 
of coUcxiuies and conver- 
sational explanations. 

The proceedings l>eing 
published daily, and the 
hour of meeting and ad- 
journment being noted 
each day, it is possible, 
deducting the roll calls, 
to make a very accurate 
computation of the aver- 
age speed of the proceed- 
ings. 

Mr. John H. White, 

reporters at the House, 
made acomputation of 
this sort, covering the 
proceedings from Decem- 
ber 2. 1880, to July 10, 
1890. The intervening 
period iucludetl the fam- 
ous fight over the adop- 

tion of the rules and the 

great debates on the 
tariff, the Silver bill and the Federal Election 
bill. 

Fi-oni DecGraber 3 to July 10, the House of 
RepreeentativL's had been in session 876 hours 
and 38 minutes. Tue Record of the proceed- 
ings in the House during that time made 8277 
columns. In the type in which the debates 
and quoted mutter are printed, one column 
averages lOiiO to 1100 words. The roll had 
been called 263 times. The printed Ust of mem- 
bers makes three-fourths of a column. The 
time requu-ed to take a vea and nay vote h 30 
minutes. Therefore, the record of the 203 roll 
calls occupies not to exceed 1SI8 columns, and 
the time consumed was at least 131 hours. 
Deducting the roll calls, there were 745 
hours and 8071) columns of debate and of the 
matter read by the clerk; this is an average of 
10.6 columns per hour, or at least 11.100 words 
per hour, which would be an average of 185 
words per minute. But there ore certain other 
factors to be taken into consideration : Fifty 
hours had been occupied in reading the Clerk's 
Journal and in the morning prayer, which 
would make the average really higher ; and a 
conniderable time had been occupied in rising 
votes, in "counting the bouse," etc., which 
would make the actual time of debate shorter 
and the speed higher. 

But there are certain deductions also to be 
made. Some speeches are printed in th« 



Becord tbat never were delivered. These are. 
howevei, printed in ao appendix, so that the 
amount to be deducted is quite easily ascer- 
tained. As the result of it all, Mr. White's 
romputation shows beyond any question tbat 
the average r»t« of speech in the Houge, for 
ell those hours, days and njontbs, was at least 
160 words per miuute. 

By the aanie calculation tbe average rate in 
tbe Senate was shown to be 145 words per 
minute. There is no limit to debate there, and 
the proceedings are more orderly and de- 
liberate. 

The growth of the Hecord has been astonish- 
ing. Since tbe Forty-third Congress, the first 
one after the work ceased to be done by con- 
tract, the total of the pages of Record has in- 
creased from 7725 to 12.346 in the two sessions 
of the Fiftieth Congress, and it will be con- 
siderably more in this Congress. 

Since Mr. White's computation was made the 
Senate work has been very heavy— that 
body sitting eight hours daily for many 
weeks. Tbe work of reporting Congress is 
easily double what it was fifteen yeai^ago. 
The gradual dropping of the forensic and the 
adoption of the conversational style of debate 
has done ilh work, To make tbe average what 
it is. Wi ^s..ni- |i-. iJiinute in the House, the 

raffle -ti. 11 1 Ii )n-lier. Mr. White took a 

t\irii ll].- nthri dii\ \\lnrh was timed, in which 
Mr. Catiliiui,'.4, ui Mississippi, averaged 220 
words per niinutu. The speech ran tlu-oiigh 
four " tum.s," and it was nearly as fast as that 
nil the time. There is not one of the House re- 
porters who is not easily able to take such a 
ai)eech. Mr. Brown, Mr. White. Mr. Devine, 
or Mr. Welch will stand in the center of a 
group of excited men. reporting all the collo- 
quy, with people jostling elbows and throwing 
in sentences edgewise, and the notes will Vie as 
ck-ar as though written at a desk, with all the 
order and decorum of a coui't room. 

When the debate is running hard direct 
typewriter dictation is impracticable. It has 
been found desirable that each reporter be on 
the floor at least one turn before his own, in 
order that he may appreciate the incidental 
reference* and allusions in the debate. And 
the careful revision of the copy for the im- 
provement of construction and style occupies 
much time. It was formerly the practice to 
dictate the notes to shorthand amanuenses, but 
the Remington typevrriter and the grapho- 
phone have almost entirely changed that. Of 
the sixteen amanueuh-es employed by the House 
and Senate reportei-s, fourteen use the Rem- 
ington tyjwwi'iter, and nearly all copy fi-om 
the graphophone. Tbe system is a complete 
success. A tui-n of 1200 words can be dictated 
more rapidly than it was taken, the copy 
comes out in far better shape than formerly 
and the gi-aphophone has demonstrated its use- 
fulness and success beyond all question. It is 
profeiTeii U> the phonograph on account of its 
simplicity and the fact that the cylinders do 
not need paring. Mr. Devine was the firat [wr- 
son in the world to use tbe graphophone for 
practical purposes, and the other members of 
the corps aio unanimous in their verdict of ap- 
proval. Mr. White is the inventor of the 
approved diajjhragm now in use on the graph- 
ophone. 

Mr. Irland, my correspondent and au- 
thority for tbe foregoing, was for many 
years preceding his appointment to the 
House corps one of the leading court 
stenographers of Michigan, having charge 
of the reporting of seven counties of that 
State, located at Detroit. He was ap- 
pointed on the House corps through the 
influence ol Hon. Melbourne H. Ford, him- 
self a jirofeisional stenographer and late 
Congressiooal representative from Detroit, 
who became well and favorably known in 
1888 through his chairmanship of the com- 
mittee appointed by Congress for the in- 
vestigation of pauper immigration. 

Mr. Irlaud ranks very high as a ver- 
batim reporter, both in court and general 
work, being one of the two successful con- 
testants for the 1500 prize offered through 
the Phouogrrijihie World by Mr. Andrew 
J. Graham, the well known shorthand 
author, in 1888, and which was competed 
for and won by himself acd Isaac 8. 
Dement, ol Chicago (both writers of the 
Graham system), at Lake George, N. Y., 
in August of that year. Upon that occa- 
sion of testing the iiossibility of speed in 
shorthand writing, Messrs. Irland and 
Dement wrote at the rates of 252 aod 350 
words per miuute for five consecutive 
minutes. In explanation to the geoeral 
reader of this wonderful speed, it may be 
well to state that only 150 words a minute 
is regarded as very rapid shorlliand writ- 
ing', the average rate of public speaking 
being considerably less than that number 



POINTS FROM LIVE TEACHERS: 



of words a minute; in fact, in the forego- 
ing communication Mr. Irland says that 
an actual count of tbe average in the 
House of Representatives is only IfiO 
wonls, and that of the Senate only 145 
words, a minute. Speaking in either tbe 
House or Senate is much more rapid than 
that of tbe ordinary platform speaker or 
religious divine. 

The cut on preceding page shows a cor- 
ner of the official reporters' room at the 
Capitol at "Washington. This room at 
nearly all limes presents one of the busiest 
scenes to be found anywhere in the world. 
Here the score of amanuenses congregate, 
each seated at tjiiewriter or graphophone, 
waiting for the "copy" w-hich is con- 



is 80 designated that we quarrel with; it 
is tbe misuse of the English language, and 
penmen add nothing to the dignity of 
their calling by adopting terms which are 
inexact and misleading. Tbe person who 
writes with the cramped and laborious 
finger movement employs his muscles in 
propelling his pen ; so do the forearm and 
whole-arm writer. Why, then, should a 
person who relies on a particular set of 
muscles to do this work be termed a 
"muscular movement" writer, while an- 
other who uses a different set of muscles 
is not admitted to be entitled to the desig- 



Diagram in Connection with Kibbe's Lesson.— Page 1 56. 



stantly pouring in from the reporters' pen- 
cils, fresh from tbe roar and rattle of the 
noisy House, or busily engaged in its 
transcription, to be hurried off to the com- 
posing rooms of the Congressional Rccoril, 
the official newspaper of that body. 

Anatomy for Penmen. 




'"^ o 



ment, and the use of 
the adjective " muscular " in general as a 
label for a particular style of penman- 
ship. It is not the.kind of writing which 



nation ? It is just as easy to be correct 
and employ terms that will convey exact 
and intelligible meanings; as, for instance, 
"finger movement," " forearm," " com- 
bined," "whole arm," etc. 

The penmanship machinery of the 
human system, that is, the muscles chiefly 
brought into play, their several functions 
and mutual relations, is a subject that has 
received too little attention from our writ- 
ing teachers. There is the same rcjison 
for tbe teacher making himself familiar 
with this muscular machine as for an 
engineer knowing thoroughly the con- 
struction of his "engine and the functions 
and relations of its separate parts. If any 
part fails in its duty, he ought to be able 
to locate it and repair it. 

We have read with much interest a 
paper on this subject, recently read by Dr. 
E. G. Kimball, to classes of public and 
normal school students at Washington. 
Dr. Kimball is principal of the Franklin 
Public School, Washington, and, besides 
being a progressive and very successful 
teacher, is a scientific anatomist. What 
he says is worthy the careful attention of 
every writing teacher in the country. 

Dr. Hhnball'u AddretH 

Every movement of your body or of 
mine is the result of muscle contraction. 



In this contraction the muscle acts not as 
a principal, bat as an agent, carrying out 
the orders of his superior. The brain is 
the principal, and its orders are sent out 
to the muscles along the connecting fibers, 
which we call nerves. A trained muscle 
is a slave, giving ready obedience to its 
master, the mind. The more abject Its 
slavery, the more complete its training, 
its education. I speak, of course, of the 
voluntary muscles, disregarding, for the 
time being, the involuntary ones, in which 
we are not specially interested just now. 

The force of the contraction of muscles 
is, as a rule to which there are very few 
exceptions, expended on bones. A mo- 
ment's thought will convince you that you 
should not expect to find the two ends of 
a muscle attached tu the same bone. The 
only result of the contraction of a muscle 
so attached would be an effort to bring 
the ends of the bone together, and would 
only be successful when the bone should 
break. 

The body of the muscle whose contrac- 
tion produces any given motion, is more 
than likely to be found at some distance 
from the part which is moved. Nearly 
all the muscles which move the fingers 
and the hand are located along the fore- 
arm; those moving the forearm along the 
arm proper, while those which move the 
arm as a whole encircle the shoulder. In 
geneial, motion at any joint of the arm is 
produced by muscular action higher up 
in the limb. To thoroughly understand 
these movements, therefore, we need to 
consider the muscles of the forearm, those 
of the arm proper and those about the 
shoulder. 

fOREARM MUSCLES. 

There are twenty muscles in this region, 
A good many if we had to consider them 
individually, but tve can simplify the 
matter by viewing them in four groups, 
according to the kind of movement pro- 
duced. The names of these four groups 
arc flexors, extensors, pronators and su- 
pinators. This picture [pointing to a 
diagram of the muscles of the arm in 
writer's position] shows well the flexors 
and extensors of the forearm. Their action 
is simple and easily understood. 

The flexors are the bending muscles; 
the cxtensoi-s, the extending or straighten- 
ing ones. The flexors are all on the inner 
or palm side of the forearm, and by their 
contraction the fingers are doubled into 
the palm, and the hand bent forward at 
the wrist. The extensors are all on the 
outer side of tbe forearm, and it is by 
them the hand or the fingers are straight- 
ened after being bent by the flexors. The 
numerous muscles of both these groups 
spring from quite limited spaces, .the 
flexors from a prominence on the inner 
side, the extensors from a similar promi- 
nence on the outer side of the arm bone, 
just above the elbow joint. At their 
other ends the muscles of each group are 
inserted into bone at different points, de- 
pending on the part each is to move. 
You see, therefore, that these two sets 
directly antagonize each other, the one un- 
doing the work of the other. 

The pronator muscles aie those that 
bring the hand into a prone poMitiou, that 
is, palm down. Opjiosed to these are the 
supinators which bring the hand into b 
supine position, that is, upon its back. 
Their action I can best make clear by 
means of this [taking up the articulated 
arm of a skeleton]. I need not dwell 
upon the bony structure of the arm. 
Your studies have made you familiar with 
the fact that between the shoulder and the 
elbow there is one bone, the humerus ; 
between the elbow and the wrist two, 
lying parallel, the radius and the ulna ; 
in the wrist eight small irregularly shaped 
bones, and beyond these nineteen in the 
hand. These pronator and supinator 
muscles, ol which there are two principal 
ones of each kind, give a new and en- 
tirely different motion in addition to the 
forward and back motion from the flexois 
and extensors — namely, a rotary move- 
ment, by which the utility of tbe hand i.s 
vastly increased. Tbe pronators like the 
flexors, lie on the inner side of forearm ; 
the supinators like the extensors, on the 
outer side. Their attachments are such 



HINTS FOR HOME LEARNERS. 



that on contracting they pull across the 
hones in an oblique direction, carrying the 
rndiiis to which the hand is attached, 
tiround the lower free end of the ulna as a 
nivot. (These movements were illustrated 
in the skeletoD arm, substituting a string 
for the muscle.] 

The muscles of the forearm extend down 
into the hand and fingers by what we 
call tendons, leaders or cords, which you 
can make stand out quite clearly by 
doubling the hand into the fist. Try to 
demonstrate it; also prove to yourself that 
the bending muscles are on the palm side, 
and the extending ones on the other. Let 
the left hand grasp the muscles of the 
right forearm firmly. Now open and 
close the fingers slowly but forcibly, and 
Bee if you cannot feel the contraction, I 
think you will feel more contraction on 
the front than on the back when you close 
the fingers, and the reverse when you 
open them. 



Of these there are five, but we can 
wholly disregard three minor ones, and 
sfieak only of the biceps and its antago- 
nist, the triceps. The biceps is the mus- 
cle whose iron firmness one boy delights 
to exhibit to another. Clenching your 
fist, bend your arm at the elbow and you 
will feel this muscle swell out more or 
less prominently along the front of the 
nrm. Your hand doesn't foel much con- 
traction on the back of the arm, but 
when it is straightened you can feel plainly 
the hardening of the triceps. The biceps 
has it« lower attachment just below the 
elbow joint and in front; hence, as it con- 
tracts, pulling from above, it draws the 
forearm upward. This is the flexor mus- 
cle of the forearm. The triceps similarly 
has its lower attachment just below the 
elbow joint, but behind; hence, on con- 
tracting, it extends the forearm. This is 
r muscle of the forearm. 



MUSCLES WHICH MOVE T 

These are ten in number, but diregard- 
ing all except the larger and more impor- 
tant ones, and not euteiing into any 
bewildering details, we will consider 
three. These arc all attached to the arm 
bone, quite near its upper end, and pro- 
duce a movement of the arm as a whole, 
outward, forward and backward respect- 
ively. The one that brings the arm di- 
rectly out from the side into a horizontal 
position is the deltoid. It is triangular or 
fan shaped, and caps the shouldermuch 
as docs an oflicer's epaulet. The second 
comes across to the front of the chest and 
has quite an extensive attachment there. 
When it contracts it draws the arm for- 
ward. It it called the chest (pectoral) 
muscle. The third {latissimus (lord) is 
attached along the back, and has a very 
extensive attachment on the body. It 
jiulls the arm biick. So you have these 
three, with various assistants causing the 
upward, forward, and backward move- 
ments. Two, the chest (pectoral) muscle 
jiud the muscle behiud, have decidedly 
large points of attachment to the ribs and 
the body proper, so that the movements 
of the arm are directly afiected by the 
attitude of the body. 



In writing we ought to use almost every 
uuiscle and set of muscles I have men- 
tioned. Their action should be easy, free 
and rapid. It goes without saying that 
any position which causes them to be 
cramped or strained ])revents such action, 
whether in writing or in any other exer- 
cise. I have more than once seen little 
children when beginning to write, clutch 
the pencil as for dear life, and begin to 
write with a see-saw movement of fingers 
and thumb. All the forearm muscles of 
such a writer are in a state of more or less 
violent contraction, with thespecial thumb 
and finger muscles most rigid of all. Such 
writing cannot be long continued, as such 
rigid contraction is very wearying to the 
muscles involved. The writing itseli is 
slow and laborious, and the results awk- 
ward and highly unsatisfactory, not from 
any lack of effort and exertion on the part 
of the perspiring little laborer, but simply 
from undirected effort and excessive mus- 
cular exertion. 

Then again, the older boy who leans 
hiavily on his arm, or who throws his 
body upon his desk, is only proving again 
that the lazy man's way of doing things is 
hardest, lie is putting upon his arm 
weight which the muscles of the trunk of 
his body could much easier support, and 
'onsly interfering with the easy move- 
, requiring the muscles to 



contract more forcibly to move it. Thus 
he, too, is working harder and getting 
poorer results that he should. 

The ideal position for writing is one in 
which no uncalled for weight is thrown 
upon the arm, and in which no obstacle 
exists to its free, easy motion. Surely no 
nearer approach to this can be suggested 
than the position which is pictured on the 
chart. Here the bo<ly is nearly erect, and 
hence poises itself with ease. All the 
muscles about the shoulder ore perfectly 
free to act without restraint, while those 



hand and arm to reproduce these mental 
pictures at will. The good copies you 
have had through all the grades; the rest 
lies wholly in your power to gain or not. 
The picture on your brain should be made 
clear and permanent by repeated practice 
of your ideal letter, studied until it can 
no more fade from your mind than can the 
face of your dearest friend. The abiUty 
to reproduce this mental picture can only 
come by training the hand and arm to do 
the bidding of the brain, keeping ever be 
fore the mind's eye the ideal to be repro- 



Crandle's Copies for November. 








.'^/■■Zyl'gZ^d^^^Z^^^.^ 



C'^A^^^^if^^^^-^-'^^^Z'^'^^^ 




ment of bis i 



of the arm proper are in a position, we may 
say, of anticipation, ready to do your bid- 
ding. 

This thick muaculor mass below the el- 
bow becomes a natural and somewhat 
elastic point of support for the forearm, 
while the smaller wrist !is naturally is 
raised a little, and the fingers clasp the 
pencil with just force enough to control 
its movements without putting their 
muscles on a strain. 



In my opinion, there are three things 
which are essential to good writing. First, 
good copies; second, clear mental pictures 
of these good copies; third, dexterity of 



duced, ever seeking with the hand to re- 
produce it perfectly. This means patient, 
persevering, often long continued prac- 
tice; but practice does make perfect quite 
as surely in this matter of writing as in 
anything else. 

In conclusion. Dr. Kimball called on 
Prof. H. C. Spencer, who had been un in- 
terested listener. 



I did not expect to be called upon to 
say anything to-day. I wish all the boys 
aud girls of the public schools could hear 
Dr. Kimball lecture on the anatomy of the 
arm and hand, and the use of the muscles in 
writing. It would be of great use to them. 



There is a practical suggestion which I 
will make to the boys of this school. It 
is that each boy earnestly set about learn- 
ing to write his own name, maintaining 
the correct position, and using the arm 
and hand properly ; that he design a 
pleasing form of writing bis name, and 
practice until he realizes his ideal. The 
power that is acquir^ in doing that will 
enable a boy to write almost anything 
well. There is such an intimate relation, 
boys, between the letters in the name, and 
all the other letters that you master, in 
writing your name, the foundation of all 
the rest. (The speaker illustrated this 
by writing the name of his son, and show- 
ing the relation between the curves in that 
and the various classes of letters in the 
alphabet.] He continued; 

My son experienced great difficulty in 
learning to write correctly, as he is left 
handed. It ia said that the nerves in the 
right arm of the right-handed person, aa 
compared with those in thi left, are in the 
proportion of three to two. Whether this 
IS reversed in the left-handed person or 
not, I do not know, but I am sure the 
most of you possess an advantage over the 
boy who is obliged to use his left hand. 

But to return to the main point, I said 
that the boy who writes' his own name 
well, has acquired the proper movements 
of arm and hand, and the elements of 
form, which enable him to write almost 
anything well. Now, how can you do 
this, boys? (Jo to work; design a style 
of authograph, and practice writing it 
many times; cut out your best effort, put 
it in your vest pocket and carry it there 
until you write a better one to replace it. 
Continue in this course until success 
crowns your efforts. If a boy from this 
school comes to my office, and asks me 
how he may improve his autograph, I will 
be glad to suggest improvements or point 
out errors. My good father, who was my 
teacher in writing, said in regard to a 
boy's learning to write: 

"When you see a boy slip around a 
corner, take a piece of paper out of his 
pocket upon which he has written his 
name, and attentively examine it, you may 
make up your mind that the boy is inter- 
ested in his penmanship, and that he will 
ceriainly become a good writer." 

I thank Dr. Kimball for his kindness in 
giving the instructive and interesting 
lecture. 

Lessons in Business Writing. 



The\ 



VI. — Concluded. 
[Initial by Fred. L. Vai'ney.l 
HIS BEING the last lesson in the 
lave selected a few 
combinations, which, if prop- 
erly studied aud practiced, will 
lead to excellence in that Imc. 
,riety of capitals used illustrates a 
great many turns and joinings, all of 
which may be used in combining any 
other capitals. Avoid a confusion of 
lines; keep the letters prominent, and 
when lines cross each other the crossings 
should form right angles as nearly as pos- 
sible. Keep the height and spacing uni- 
form 

The form of letter will give you a 
good drill on body writing. In practicing 
the letter do not cramp the writing by 
making the fetters and words too close to- 
gether; keep uniform slant and height, 
and write with freedom. 

I have been pleased to see so much in- 
terest manifested in the lessons. Over 
two hundred sent copies of the promissory 
note which appeared in lesson one, and 
numerous copies of other lessons have 
been sent. All this leads me to believe 
the work on my part, and the valuable 
space in the Journal, has not been used 
in vain. I trust that the closing of this 
course of lessons will not terminate our 
acquaintance, but that I may hear from 
the boys and girls again in the future. 
Continue your practice and you will gain 
the prize. Every person who practices 
the form of letter in this lesson is earn- 
estly requested to send me a copy of the 
same, written in his best style, by Decem- 
ber 5, 1890, and I will have the name of 
the person sending the best page, together 
with the name of the person making the 
greatest improvement in the six months, 
published in the Jouhnal. The improve- 
ment will be determined by comparing the 
promissory note and letter. 

Yours very truly, 

C. N. Crandle, 

DixoD, lit. 



nstruction in Pen-Work. 



XXVIII. 

Id the last two lessnun wc have attcuiptcd 
to explain dd(1 illiistrilc how to execute 
line* of lettering. In t ho present hs?on 
and the one follooinp we shnll endcivor 
to ^vc a praciieal explanation anil iilu>- 
trotion o/ how to engross a set of rcsolu 

Having decided on what size sheet to 
do thi' woik, draw a pencil line 2, 3 cr 4 
inches fiom the edge on all sides for mar- 
gin, the width of margin being a matter 
of tftttc, iind ascertain the width in which 
you are to do the pen-work. Wiile olc 
line on separate paper, the size and style 
you will engross in, and hy it calculate 
how many lines of writing will be re- 
quired, having previously underscored 
such »-ordf. as are tobelettercd in separate 
lines. Now, allow a certain space between 
the lines of writiug. and jou can rradily 
ascertain how much space the writlen por- 
tion will occupy. Take this space from 
the whole s|)aee and divide the remninder 
among the lines of lettering. If loo much 
space is left for the lettering sprend (lie 
lines of writing, and if not enough con- 
dense them. 

We have caused to be printed with this 
lesson ft set of resolutions to illustrate the 
above explanation, and we decide to en- 
gross them on a sheet 17 x 22 inches. We 
commence by laying of! a margin of two 
inches, which gives a width of thirteen to 
work in. "We decide to letter, in fepnrate 
lines, the words underscored, and towiilc 
the remainder. We will write the mini- 
mum lettersone-tighth of an inch in height, 
and by writing one line we find that the 
last resolution will need two lines, the 
next three, and so on, as shown by the 
figures in the margin; nineteen lines in 
all. We will allow one-half imb to n 
tine, milking Oi'inchfs, and U from 18, 
the whole space to l>u occupied frou 
top to bottom, leaves Sj, inches for th. 
lines of lettering. We decide to allow 
these lines of lettering half inches os indi 
cated by figures in parentheses, and find 
that thev aggregate 15, making 7-J inchep. 
There being yet 1 inch to spare, we will 
take it from the top and bottom of the 
work, as a (.lightly uider margin at top 
and bottom looks well. 

Having made this calculation, we rule 
up the sheet as shown by the diagram and 
procptd to do the writing. When the 
writing is on in good shape we lay out the 
lettering and complete the job. 

Our next hsson wi.l be this sot of reso- 
lutions engiossed in conformity to this 
diagram and explanauons, but probably 
engraved larger to better show the jien 
work. These are the resolutions referred 
to above : 

1 At a meeting of the students of the (») 
Dowuer Piisjnt-ss r.i||e^-e (') \oy. i). 164U. 
ilie foll.i" in- lU'MuiMi.- iHKl resolutions 



I'-') Whi-iTji- . Iti tin- dispensation of 
Providence deatli bns removed n-om our 
midst our fellow student (') Henry W. 
Crouse . therefore 

Resolved, That although his life was 
short, buing less than twenty years, it was 
such as to show that he possessed iu his 
churacter the elements of true manhood, 
that he was ambitious to make himself of 
u>e to the world, and that if he had lived 
his life would have twen a credit to himself 






nfort 






{') Resolved. Thatduriughisstayamong 
IS he made friends of all with whom he 
mme in contact, that he leaves no enemies 
lUd none w h.Kc leelings were over hurt by 
us wurd or deed. 

1-1 Ittr^i'lvi'i) . That we deeply sympa- 
hiw wilh ihe bereaved parents and 
n.'iids, fiiistiuy; that the feelings which 



l") He-iolved. That tliese i-esolutions be 
I)ublished aiidcommunicMtftl Uithe familv 



EVIDENCE FROM HANDWRITING. 



Handwriting of Junius. 



[ T/if«e pfifien trcre hcgun in the Octoha- 
uum^mr of Tub Journal. They are based 
upon arevitw in the " I^nthn Quarterly lie- 
rieie" of "The Handwriting of Junius, 
Pro/esnonafly Invegtignfrd,"^ a large quarto, 
hy Sir Edward Twideton and Expert 
Charles Chahot. Bach nunilers 10 cents 
each.— Ed.] 

IN SEEKING to prove that two differ- 
ent handwritings have been made use 
of by the same person, it is important to 
observe the method pursued in the invjsti- 
gation. Most persons are content with a 
(leneral comparison, without endeavoring 
to ascertain the principles which govern 
the handwriting, or the characteristic 
habits in the two handwritings under dis- 
cussion. Tbev thus form their judgment 
by the impression left upon their minds 
by general similarity, without that careful 
examination of the peculiar and distinct- 
ive formations of individual letters which 
characterize th